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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

1. INTRODUCTION

The treadmill bicycle is completely a new way of movement completely designed for runners.
Typically using a treadmill basically is similar to running, hiking or walking. Think about the last time
you were riding a bike over some kind of obstacles such as train tracks, potholes, speed bumps.
Possibilities are you stood up on the pedals to improve your balance when crossing the obstacle.
Basically, the treadmill bicycle will provide the rider a well-balanced position the entire time.

Since it uses no fuel it a very conventional option for people in their busy schedule to take care
of their health completely. People with a busy schedule will also be able to take care of their health and
physical fitness. Above all, it is not a conventional treadmill to make use of only in closed rooms, person
using treadmill bicycle can roam on roads also.

This project overcomes the drawback of the conventional treadmill which is stationary which in
fact does not provide the jogger to get exposed to the natural atmosphere. So this proposed methodology
provides an ultimate solution by making use of wheels and making the treadmill bicycle a walking
cycle. Also, as this treadmill bicycle is hybrid, user can use both mechanical energy as well as electrical
energy to run the bicycle. This causes the user to overcome more distance in few amount of effort.

This treadmill bicycle is eco – friendly. This doesn’t use any kind of fuel to run. Hence
ultimately the pollution issue is completely eliminated. Increasing rate of fuel is no more an issue for
this bicycle as it does not require fuel.

DR. V. V. P. C. O. E., AHMEDNAGAR, BE (MECH) 1


SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

1. Design and fabrication of treadmill bicycle


Kirtish Bondre
Department of Mechanical Engineering, NBN Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune,
Maharashtra, India
(IJIRSET)

This Bicycle is extremely efficient and useful in modern era. Following are some advantages of
this project.
Exercise
Treadmill bicycle helps in maintaining proper physique. Physical fitness is of utmost importance in day
to day life. People often get bored while exercising in a closed room such as gym. By using treadmill
bicycle one can exercise outdoors in fresh air.
Fuel saving
People often use vehicle for travelling over short distance. This causes unnecessary wastage of fuel. Due
to use of treadmill bicycle over short distance a large amount of fuel can be saved.
Travelling
Treadmill bicycle can be used for travelling over short distances. One can also exercise while travelling
over short distance.
Eco- friendly
Treadmill bicycle does not require any fuel. Therefore it does not emit any pollutants. So it is an eco-
friendly vehicle.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

2. Treadmill Bicycle
Anup Janwe
Dept. Of Mechanical Engineering, Anjuman College of Engineering & Technology, Sadar,
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
(IRJET)

This system can be efficiently used anywhere whether it is outdoor or indoor. This utilizes highly
fuel-saving technology which is a major requirement of this era. In the future, it can be used as an indoor
locomotive device infrastructure with large roof span i.e. malls, warehouse, open markets, large office
spaces, etc. By using such product pedestrian cops can protect themselves from getting exhausted.
Pedestrians in large campuses can take benefit from this product the same way.We can replace cycle as
an energy efficient vehicle for those who cannot drive a cycle.

3. Treadmill Bike
Adeel Ansari
Department of Mechanical Engineering, MMANTC, Malegaon, India
(IJMTER)

In this paper we have described a new way of travelling as well as exercise with the help of a
new model of bike which is combination of treadmill and bicycle. It can be used in place of regular bike
at cheaper cost and without use of fuel. The treadmill bike will proof to be a future vehicle as no fuel is
used for travelling through this and it is pollution free. The treadmill which is used for walking helps to
keep us fit as exercise is also one of the important task for a person to be fit and healthy for day to day
life. Treadmill is cheaper than the normal bike which also makes it efficient and economic.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

3. NEED OF PROJECT
Increased use of fuel has resulted in increase of pollution and degradation of natural resources.
With increasing population and their need, it has become necessary to control the use of fuel and
decrease the pollution; so as to make it avail it’s important to our coming generation.

Due to heavy busy schedule people are not able to give attention to their health and physical
fitness. As it uses no fuel so it saves energy simultaneously it can be used as treadmill and Bicycle. No
need to use it as conventional treadmill in closed room; you can roam on roads also.

For travelling short distances, people use vehicles which use non renewable energy sources
(Petrol, Diesel). This is eliminated by the use of treadmill bicycle. This bicycle covers more distance In
few amount of energy. So this is more efficient.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

4. PROBLEM STATEMENT
For travelling over short distances people often use a commercial vehicle which causes pollution
and unnecessary wastage of fuel. So, we came to a solution for this type of problem by providing wheels
to the treadmill and the concept is termed as ‘Treadmill Bicycle’.

While working out in gym people use treadmill for jogging and running. The main disadvantage
of this treadmill is, it is stationary at particular place so sometimes people get bored by jogging at same
place without any exposure to natural atmosphere.

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5. METHODOLOGY

1. Use of
literature
survey

7. Testing 2. Designing

6.
3. Drafting
Manufacturing

5. Reduction 4. Problem
of cost Solving

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

5.1 DESIGN
In our attempt to design a walking bike, we have adopted a very careful approach. Total design
work has been divided into two parts mainly

1. System Design.
2. Mechanical Design.
System design mainly concern with the various physical concern and ergonomics, space
requirements,
arrangement of various components on the main frame of treadmill, arrangement of tread belt and
rollers, position of braking system, arrangement of motor, sprockets, ease of maintenance, scope of
further improvements, ground clearance etc. In mechanical design, the components are categorized into
two parts.

1. Design Parts
2. Parts to be purchased.
For design parts, detailed design is done and dimensions thus obtained are compared to next
highest dimensions which are readily available in the market. This simplifies the assembly as well as
post production servicing work. The various tolerances on work pieces are specified in the
manufacturing drawing. The process sheets are prepared and passed on to the manufacturing drawing.
The process sheets are prepared and pass on to the manufacturing stage. The parts are to be purchased
directly are specified and selected from standard catalogue.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

5.2 MAIN FRAME COMPONENTS

5.2.1 Treadmill Frame

Material- Mild Steel


As the standard available tread belt size is (980*340) mm. Frame design is done according to the tread
belt size.
As per space availability and clearance for reduction of friction, frame size is (1090*410) mm. Frame
consists of rollers, in which first and last roller is for movement of belt and other are supportive rollers.
Rollers are fitted in frame by means of bush.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

5.2.2 Front and Rear Roller

Width of the frame is 410 mm. So we choose length of rollers as 400mm. To reduce the friction
of belt with frame 5 mm clearance is provided on both sides. Front roller is of diameter 58mm and that
of rear one have diameter 49mm. For easy and fast movement of belt some taper should be provided to
belt that’s why front roller is large in diameter and rear is in small diameter. Rollers are connected to
frame by using MS rod of diameter 10 mm.

5.2.3 Supportive Rollers

This roller serves the purpose of support to the tread belt. Supportive rollers are fitted in frame
structure. All the design calculation of frame and rollers is done on the basis of load carrying capacity of
walking bike and space availability.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

5.2.4 Bearing

A bearing is machine element which holds another moving machine element. The moving
machine element called as a journal. Bearing allows a relative motion between the contact surfaces of
the members while transferring the load. A certain amount of power is wasted in removing frictional
resistance. So as to reduce frictional resistance and wear and to carry away the heat generated, a
lubricant may be utilized. The lubricant used is often a mineral oil refined from petroleum. The bearing
block is provided to hold the bearings. It is made up from cast iron. All the bearings are fabricated on the
machine frame.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

5.2.5 Sprocket
A sprocket or sprocket wheel is a profiled wheel which has teeth, cogs, or even sprockets that
mesh with a chain, track or other perforated or indented material. The name 'sprocket' applies usually to
any wheel upon which radial projections retain a chain passing over it. It is different from a gear in that
sprockets are never conjugated together directly, and differs from a pulley, in that sprocket which has
teeth and pulleys are smooth.
A sprocket or sprocket-wheel is a profiled wheel with teeth, or cogs, that mesh with a chain,
track by radial projections engage a chain passing over it. It is distinguished from a gear in that
sprockets are never meshed together directly, and differs from a pulley in that sprockets have teeth and
pulleys are smooth. Sprockets and chains are also used for power transmission from one shaft to another
where slippage is not admissible, sprocket chains being used instead of belts or ropes and sprocket-
wheels instead of pulleys. They can be run at high speed and some forms of chain are so constructed as
to be noiseless even at high speed.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

5.2.6 Motor
Brushless DC electric motor also known as electronically commutated motor ECM. Brushless
DC motors are powered by a DC electric source by an integrated inverter or switching power supply,
which produces an AC electric signal to drive the motor. In brushless motors, permanent magnets rotate
around a fixed armature. Commutation with electronics has large scope of capabilities and flexibility.
BLDC motor known for smooth operation and holding torque when stationary.

5.2.7 Battery
Valve regulated lead acid battery (12V x 2). Battery is used for the purpose of running of
bicycle.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

6. WORKING

When we walk or run on the walking surface it gives rotation to rear wheel of bicycle and
treadmill bicycle is moving forward. The walking surface of a treadmill consists of the thin moving belt
and a rigid plate placed between the two surfaces of that belt in order to provide backing when the
transverse load of footfalls is applied. The original and unmodified treadmill used a sheet pressed
particle board as a support plate. This was attached to the frame of the treadmill at four points with wood
screws placed near the four corners of the sheet. While resting on the rails in a lowered position, the
plate received vertical support from small metal risers at the mounting points and from two rubber pads
placed under the longest edge of the surface midway between the hard mounting points.
According to the manual provided with the treadmill, the design intent behind this flexible multi-
point mounting system was to reduce the overall stiffness of the plate by providing less support than that
provided by direct attachment to two solid rails. In actual practice, the thickness and stiffness of the
particle board surface were more than required to remove all discernable deflection from the system.
Users were unable to distinguish the difference in stiffness when additional aluminum supports were
inserted between the sheet and the rails, in order to remove the compliant effect of the rubber supports.
We concluded that modifications would be necessary to achieve an ideally compliant walking surface
capable of reducing the impact forces related with walking and running. Additionally, the bottom face of
the particle board sheet held two outwardly angled metal brackets. These were oriented such that the belt
would slide over them consecutively when the system was active.
This had the effect of automatically maintaining alignment of the belt by forming a restoring
force in the event which will be belt traveled away from a centered position on its rollers. When we start
using the treadmill then the rear wheel starts moving and hence the flywheel gets momentum. So once
the flywheel gets momentum the bicycle will keep moving due the moment gained by flywheel. Also,
we have coupled a dynamo with the rear wheel using gear arrangement. So whenever the treadmill is in
use the dynamo will generate power which can be stored in a battery.

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7. FUTURE SCOPE

1. It can be used as an indoor locomotive device infrastructure with large roof span i.e. malls,
warehouse, open markets, large office spaces, etc.

2. By using such product pedestrian cops can save themselves from getting exhausted.

3. Pedestrians in large campuses can benefits from this product the same way.

4. Can replace cycle as an energy efficient vehicle for those who cannot drive a cycle.

DR. V. V. P. C. O. E., AHMEDNAGAR, BE (MECH) 14


SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

8. PROJECT OUTCOMES

 This system can be efficiently used anywhere whether it is outdoor or indoor.

 This utilizes highly fuel-saving technology which is a major requirement of this era.

 In the future, it can be used as an indoor locomotive device infrastructure with large roof span
i.e. malls, warehouse, open markets, large office spaces, etc.

 By using such product pedestrian cops can protect themselves from getting exhausted.

 Pedestrians in large campuses can take benefit from this product the same way. We can replace
cycle as an energy efficient vehicle for those who cannot drive a cycle.

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SAVITRIBAI PHULE PUNE UNIVERSITY

9. BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books Referred

1. Bhandari V.B., Design of machine elements, eighteenth edition, MC Graw-hill companies,2003.


2. PSG design data, Coimbatore, first edition Kalaikaikathir Achchagam, 2003.

Papers Referred

1. Kirtish Bondre, Sanket Beradpatil, S. J. Thorat, Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NBN Sinhgad
School of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India, (International Journal of Innovative Research in
Science, Engineering and Technology)

2. Juned Barade1, Anup Janwe, Kashif Ali Nawab, Saif Khan,Student, B.E -final year, Dept. Of
Mechanical Engineering, Anjuman College of Engineering & Technology, Sadar, Nagpur,
Maharashtra, India, (International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology)

3. Suhasinee Ravindra Deshmukh, Namita Vishnu Sanap, Rahul Eknath Dhoble, Matoshri College
of Engg & Research Centre, Nashik, Maharashtra, (India), ICSTM

Web Sites Referred

1. https://irjet.net/

2. https://lopifitus.com/

3. https://www.scribd.com/

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