Anda di halaman 1dari 3

LAN Design Busy Hour

7.1 LAN Design Procedure


7.2 System Analysis Busy Hour

Busy Hour Traffic


7.3 External Design The peak amount
of traffic
7.4 Internal Design Traffic
Volume

7.1 LAN Design Procedure

Business Analysis 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
System Development Stage Traffic Forecast
Calculation of terminals Time
System Analysis

LAN
External Design Estimation of Network Capacity Busy Hour Traffic
Examination of Configuration Draft
Design Performance Evaluation
Cost calculation

Internal Design Busy hour traffic


IP Address Design
Creation of Wiring Diagram
Creation of Testing
= Daily traffic • Busy hour traffic concentration rate
Construction,Test ,
and Operation
Therefore,
Busy hour traffic
Busy hour traffic concentration rate =
7.2 System Analysis Daily traffic

7.2.1 Business Analysis


7.2.2 Traffic Forecast
7.2.3 Calculation of the Number of Terminals Drill 7-1
1) System X handles a total of 200 jobs per day. Between 10
7.2.1 Business Analysis to 11 in the morning, it handles the largest number of
jobs(40). What is the busy-hour traffic concentration rate?
•Analyze and understand the user’s needs. 2) System Y is equivalent to system X in its capabilities.
Because the operating conditions are also similar, the
busy-hour traffic concentration rate for system Y has been
•When analyzing, presumed to be the same as that for system X.
Do not consider computerization and networking. If we presume that system Y handles 10,000 jobs per day,
what is the busy-hour traffic?

7.2.2 Traffic Forecast


Increase in Traffic
•Forecast the traffic under service specifications.
Periodic increases over
•Consider the following during forecasting: Improved
time

convenience
1) Busy hour traffic Traffic
Volume

2) Future increase in traffic Turnpike effect


Expansion of business activities

Before introduction of Immediately after introduction


the system of the system Several years later
Forecasting Busy Hour Traffic Drill 7-3

Busy hour traffic (n years later) Suppose that company A has 300 employees, with 1,200 jobs
handled per day, with busy hour traffic concentration rate of
(Current)
20%, and an average processing time of 10 minutes per job.
=Daily traffic • Busy hour traffic concentration rate Calculate the required number of terminals in each of the
following cases. Note that employees work 8 hours per day.
• (1+X) • (1+Y) n
1) When one terminal is provided for every two employees
2) When busy hour traffic must be processed within one hour
3) When daily traffic must be processed within one work day
X:Rate of increase due to improved convenience
Y:Annual rate of increase in traffic
n :years from now 7.3 External Design
7.3.1 Estimation of Network Capacity
7.3.2 Examination of Configuration Draft
Drill 7-2 7.3.3 Performance Evaluation
7.3.4 Cost calculation
Suppose that one system handles 800 jobs per day, with a
busy hour concentration rate of 15%, a rate of increase in traffic 7.3.1 Estimation of Network Capacity
of 10% due to improved convenience, and an annual increase of
5%. What will be the busy hour traffic of this system in 3 years?
Network Capacity ············Transmission speed of
LAN
7.2.3 Calculation of the Number of Terminals
Basic concept of estimation is
Hints for Proper Estimation
to transmit generated data within an unit of
1) Calculate the number of terminal per users time.
One terminal for one user, or two users, etc...
2) Calculate the number of terminals required to
complete all jobs
Considerations
Calculate the number based on the traffic and required •Transmission Efficiency
processing time. LAN data frames do not consist of data alone.
i) Number of terminals required to process the busy hour traffic
within one hour
(For example, the transmission efficiency is
ii) Number of terminals required to process daily traffic within 80% when a 100 byte-data frame has 80 bytes of
one work day
data and 20 bytes of header.)
•Line Utilization Rate
Because a single transmission line is shared by
Calculation of the Required Number of multiple terminals, transmission waiting
time(delay) increases as data traffic increases.
Terminals
Calculate the number of terminals required to process all jobs.
Line Utilization Rate
1) Number of terminals required to process busy hour traffic within that
hour
Daily traffic • Busy hour traffic concentration rate • Processing time per job
Number of terminals> (min)
= 60 (min)

2) Number of terminals required to process daily traffic within that day

Daily traffic • Processing time per job (min)


Number of terminals>
= Hours worked (min)
cf.Token
CSMA/CD Ring