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Republic of the Philippines

Bicol University
College of Science

Submitted By: Quiapos, Frances Mikhaela B.

Year/Course: BS Information Technology-1C
Subject: Environmental Science
Submitted To: Mr. Dean Carlo Galias

1. Search for latest environmental issue, news or research article. (Philippine
2. Identify the environmental problem. The location and the extent of the effect.
3. What are the major causes and possible effects?
4. Identify the organisms that will be/are affected?
5. Identify the government office/agency that should address the problem.
6. Cite environmental laws/ordinance that could be used in solving the problem.

Expert backs creation of river councils

By Catherine Teves (December 7, 2018, 9:35 am)

SWOLLEN RIVER. During heavy downpour, the Marikina River overflows, causing flooding in
its surrounding areas. (PNA file photo)

MANILA -- An expert sees the need for a legislation mandating local government units
(LGUs) to create councils that would manage rivers.

"Rivers are sources of water for various uses, provide food, serve as transportation routes and
are sites for tourism and research so these waterways must be sustainably managed," River
Basin Control Office (RBCO) Exec. Dir. Antonio Daño said Thursday (Dec. 6) on the sidelines
of a planning workshop in Quezon City.
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Creating councils focused on managing rivers would help better address pollution,
congestion and other problems plaguing these waterways, he noted.

Daño said the onslaught of super typhoons and other extreme weather events due to
climate change, as well as threats of landslides and other natural hazards, raise the need
for an effective management of rivers as downpours may cause heavily silted rivers to
overflow faster and flood surrounding areas. Landslides can send soil and rocks falling into
heavily silted rivers, further reducing these waterways' water-carrying capacity and

Daño expressed hope that legislators would pass in the next Congress a bill mandating the
creation of river councils.

"Councils of LGUs along a river can explore management strategies these bodies can
collaborate on to protect and save this waterway," he said, adding that collaboration is
important since conditions in a river's upstream portion differ from downstream.

"There's generally more pollution and chaos in rivers' downstream portions as these are
where most communities and economic activities are," he said.

Daño said LGUs must address problems plaguing rivers.

"LGUs have that mandate under the Local Government Code," he said. Republic Act 9003
(Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000) also designates LGUs as front liners in
implementing solid waste management in respective areas of jurisdiction, he said.

He said several LGUs in Iloilo province already created respective river councils.

"Those LGUs set the pace in managing rivers," he said.

In 2013, then-Bulacan Fourth District Rep. Linabelle Ruth Villarica filed HB 51, which sought
the establishment of a comprehensive river administration system for flood control, water
use and environmental conservation.

It also provided for the creation of a multi-agency national river council (NRC) that would
provide strategic proposals on river resource management, as well as Provincial River
councils empowered to coordinate, supervise and monitor river administration activities in
class B Rivers. Class B rivers are waterways designated by provincial governors concerned
and which belong to water systems other than those NRC designated, said HB 51.

During the 15th Congress, Sen. Loren Legarda filed SB 3105 (proposed Philippine River Basin
System Administration Act of 2012), which included the creation of national and provincial
river councils. (PNA)
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Bicol University
College of Science

- As we are being careless in this country, we didn’t notice that we are the

cause that’s why we got lot of diseases/sickness, we are also the reason

why lacking of nutrient foods are happening and other things that may

cause threat to our lives. And now we should accept the effects on it to

ourselves. One of the main source of our foods are the bodies of water, it

provides fishes, seashells and also our water to drink in daily living. So

according to the article that I’ve chosen, the environmental problem is

that during heavy downpour, the Marikina River overflows, causing

flooding in its surrounding areas that may prompt the residents to

evacuate because it is not safe anymore to stay in their area. The major

cause of the Marikina River Overflows is the throwing of wastes in the river

that may affect plaguing of rivers, death of different living bodies under

the water, lack of food and different diseases that we may get on our

drinking water that may cause death. There are many organisms that

maybe affected in just throwing a waste and not protecting the river and
I’ve already stated it above (fishes, humans, coral reefs and seashells). But

we all know that if there is a problem, there would always be a solution

and that solution will start on ourselves, we should have discipline within
ourselves and know how to segregate (non biodegradable and

biodegradable). People should also know how to recycle and reuse, for

us to save nature and also protect ourselves and our families from

sickness. Making stuffs out of recyclable materials can be a business; we

can sell it to other people and earn money. We can also help the

government agencies like the Local Government Units in cooperating to

create councils that will manage the rivers and doing water conservation.
Republic of the Philippines
Bicol University
College of Science

There are also environmental laws that will help us guide and for

betterment of our country like Republic Act No. 9275 titled “An Act

Providing for a Comprehensive Water Quality Management and for other

Purposes”, also known as the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 (CWA)

was signed by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on March 22,

2004. It took effect on May 6, 2004, with its Implementing Rules and

Regulation (IRR) contained in the Department of Environment and Natural

Resources (DENR) Administrative Order (A.O) No. 2005-10 and Presidential

Decree No. 856 (Code on Sanitation signed on December 23, 1975). P.D.

1219 (1977) providing for the Protection of Coral Ecosystems, it is necessary

that the exploration, exploitation, utilization and conservation of these

resources be properly regulated to ensure the preservation of the

country’s marine environment. P.D. 1067(1976) Water Code of the

Philippines, adopts adequate measures to conserve and regulate the use

of water in commercial, industrial and residential areas. It also provides

other policy guidelines in water quality and management of water

resources. P.D. 984(1976) The Revision of Republic Act No. 3931,

Commonly Known as the Pollution Control Law, it is hereby declared a

national policy to prevent, abate and control pollution of water, air and

land for the more effective utilization of the resources of this country. P.D.

600(1974) (amended by P.D. 979) Water Pollution Control, prohibits the

discharge of oil, noxious liquid substances, and other harmful substances

into the country’s inland and territorial waters. R.A. 6969(1990) Toxic

Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act, authorizes

the DENR to establish a program to regulate, restrict or prohibit the
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importation, manufacture, processing, sale, destruction, use and disposal

of chemical substances, and mixture that present unreasonable risk

and/or injury to health or the environment.

There’s no impossible in this world especially in our country, all we need is

the cooperation of all the citizens of the Philippines and at the same time
the discipline within ourselves for us to aim our goal/s for our country.