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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa yang telah memberikan rahmat
serta hidayah-Nya sehingga penyusun dapat menyelesaikan Laporan Praktikum
Simulasi dan Aplikasi Industri ini dengan baik.
Dalam penyusunan laporan ini tentu banyak hambatan yang dialami. Namun,
berkat bimbingan dan dukungan dari berbagai pihak, hambatan-hambatan tersebut
dapat teratasi. Oleh karena itu, pada kesempatan kali ini penyusun ingin
menyampaikan terima kasih kepada:
1. Bapak Ishardita Pambudi Tama, ST., MT., Ph.D. selaku Ketua Jurusan Teknik
Industri Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya.
2. Ibu Rahmi Yuniarti, ST., MT. selaku Kepala Laboratorium Simulasi dan
Aplikasi Industri Jurusan Teknik Industri Fakultas Teknik Universitas
Brawijaya.
3. Bapak Suluh Elman Swara, ST., MT. Selaku Dosen Pembimbing Praktikum
Simulasi dan Aplikasi Industri.
4. Seluruh Asisten Laboratorium Simulasi dan Aplikasi Industri Jurusan Teknik
Industri Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya.
5. Semua pihak yang telah membantu penyusunan laporan praktikum ini yang
tidak dapat disebutkan satu persatu.
Penyusun menyadari bahwa dalam laporan ini masih terdapat banyak
kekurangan. Oleh karena itu, kritik dan saran yang sifatnya membangun dari
pembaca sangat penyusun harapkan untuk perbaikan penyusunan laporan
berikutnya. Semoga laporan ini dapat bermanfaat bagi para pembaca.

Malang, Desember 2017

Penyusun

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Halaman sengaja dikosongkan

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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL
LEMBAR PERSETUJUAN
KATA PENGANTAR ......................................................................... i
DAFTAR ISI................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................ vii
DAFTAR GAMBAR .........................................................................xi
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN..................................................................... xiii

MODULSIMULATION AND PROMODEL SOFTWARE


BAB I PENDAHULUAN.................................................................................... 1
1.1 Latar Belakang ......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Identifikasi Masalah ................................................................................. 3
1.3 Rumusan Masalah.................................................................................... 3
1.4 Batasan Masalah ...................................................................................... 3
1.5 Asumsi..................................................................................................... 3
1.6 Tujuan Penelitian ..................................................................................... 4
1.7 Manfaat Penelitian ................................................................................... 4

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA……………………………………………………..5


2.1 Sistem ......................................................................................................5
2.1.1 Elemen Sistem ................................................................................5
2.1.2 Klasifikasi Sistem ............................................................................5
2.2 Model ......................................................................................................6
2.2.1 Klasifikasi Model ............................................................................6
2.2.2 Stakeholder Pemodelan .....................................................................7
2.2.3 Teori Antrean .................................................................................8
2.2.3.1 Komponen Dasar Antrean ...................................................8
2.2.3.2 Prioritas Pelayanan Antrean .................................................8
2.3 Simulasi ...................................................................................................8
2.3.1 Software Simulasi .............................................................................9
2.3.2 Metodologi Simulasi .......................................................................9

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2.4 Petri Net ..................................................................................................9
2.5 Promodel...............................................................................................11
2.5.1 Pembuatan Model dengan ProModel.............................................11
2.5.2 Elemen Dasar ProModel...............................................................11
2.5.3 Advance Element ProModel.............................................................12
2.5.4 Konsep Pemodelan ProModel.......................................................12
2.5.4.1 Bactching of Entities (Permanent dan Temporary) .....................12
2.5.4.2 Attaching of Entities (Permanent dan Temporary).....................13
2.5.4.3 Spitting dan Accumulating of Entities…………………………..13
2.5.4.4 Decision (If Then Else)…………………………………………..13
2.5.5 Sim Runner…..…………………………………………………………13
2.5.6 Generating Scenaro………………………………………………………13
2.5.7 Verifikasi dan Validasi………………………………………………...14

BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN………………………………………….15


3.1 Diagram Alir Praktikum…………………………………………………….15
3.2 Prosedur Praktikum………………………………………………………….16

BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN……………………………………………17


4.1 Gambaran Sistem…………………………………………………………….17
4.2 Flowchart Sistem………………………………………………………………18
4.3 Petri Net………………………………………………………………………18
4.4 Uji Kecukupan Data…………………………………………………………20
4.5 Penentuan Parameter Distribusi dengan STAT::FIT………………………21
4.6 Langkah Pembuatan Model Sistem…………………………………………23
4.7 Perhitungan Replikasi………………………………………………………..30
4.8 Verifikasi dan Validasi............................................................................31
4.8.1 Verifikasi……………………………………………………………...31
4.8.2 Validasi……………………………………………………………….34
4.9 Analisis Hasil Simulasi………………………………………………………35
4.10 Rancangan Perbaikan Sistem………………………………………………39
4.10.1 Rancangan Scenario Sistem dengan Scenario Parameter…………...39
4.10.2 Analisis dan Pembahasan Hasil Scenario………………………….40

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4.10.3 Pemilihan Scenario………………………………………………….41

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN


5.1 Kesimpulan…………………………………………………………………..43
5.2 Saran………………………………………………………………………….44

MODUL ARENA
BAB I PENDAHULUAN.................................................................................. 45
1.1 Latar Belakang ....................................................................................... 45
1.2 Identifikasi Masalah ............................................................................... 46
1.3 Rumusan Masalah.................................................................................. 46
1.4 Batasan Masalah .................................................................................... 46
1.5 Asumsi-asumsi ....................................................................................... 47
1.6 Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................................... 47
1.7 Manfaat Penelitian ................................................................................. 47

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA................................................................... ….49


2.1 Activity Cycle Diagram…………………………………………………………49
2.2 Definisi Arena ....................................................................................... 49
2.2.1 Arena Basic .................................................................................. 51
2.2.1.1 Basic Process Panel………………………………………………51
2.2.2 Arena Advanced………………………………………………………...53
2.2.2.1 Advanced Process Panel……………………………………...53
2.2.2.1.1 General Flowchart Modul………………………….53
2.2.2.1.2 Data Modul……………………………………….…54
2.2.2.2 Advanced Transfer Panel………………………………….….54
2.2.2.2.1 General Flowchart Modul.................................... 54
2.2.2.2.2 Conveyor Flowchart Modul ................................. 55
2.2.2.2.3 Transporter Flowchart Modul .............................. 55
2.2.2.2.4 Data Modul Advanced Transfer Process .............. 56
2.3 Input Analyzer ....................................................................................... 56
2.3.1 Langkah-langkah Penggunaan Input Analyzer .............................. 56
2.4 Process Analyzer ....................................................................................... 60

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2.4.1 Project Item pada Process Analyzer .................................................... 60
2.4.2 Langkah-langkah Penggunaan Process Analyzer ........................... 60

BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ..................................................... ….63


3.1 Diagram Alir Praktikum ......................................................................... 63
3.2 Prosedur Pelaksanaan Praktikum ............................................................ 64

BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ....................................................... ….65


4.1 Gambaran Sistem ................................................................................... 65
4.2 Flowchart Sistem.................................................................................... 66
4.3 Activity Cycle Diagram .......................................................................... 66
4.4 Uji Kecukupan Data............................................................................... 67
4.5 Penentuan Parameter Distribusi dengan Input Analyzer .......................... 68
4.6 Langkah Pembuatan Model Sistem ......................................................... 70
4.7 Perhitungan Replikasi............................................................................. 79
4.8 Verifikasi Validasi Model ........................................................................ 80
4.8.1 Verifikasi Model .................................................................... 80
4.8.2 Validasi Model ...................................................................... 82
4.9 Analisis Hasil Simulasi ........................................................................... 84
4.10 Rancangan Perbaikan Sistem ................................................................ 87
4.10.1 Rancangan Skenario Sistem dengan Process Analyzer ................. 87
4.10.2 Analisis dan Pembahasan Hasil Skenario .................................... 88
4.10.2 Analisis dan Pembahasan Hasil Skenario .................................... 88
4.10.3 Pemilihan Skenario .................................................................... 88

BAB V PENUTUP
5.1 Kesimpulan…………………………………………………………………...92
5.2 Saran......................................................................................................92

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR TABEL
MODUL SIMULATION AND PROMODEL SOFTWARE
Tabel 1.1 Waktu Pengerjaan .................................................................................. 2
Tabel 1.2 Biaya ............... ............................................................................... 2
Tabel 4.1 Daftar Aktivitas Pengemasan Kukubima .............................................. 19
Tabel 4.2 Daftar Kejadian Pengemasan Kukubima .............................................. 19
Tabel 4.3 Hasil Uji Kecukupan Data ..................................................................... 21
Tabel 4.4 Pemilihan Distribusi Data Hasil Pengujian Stat:Fit............................... 23
Tabel 4.5 Daftar Lokasi .... ..................................................................................... 25
Tabel 4.6 Daftar Entitas ...... .................................................................................. 25
Tabel 4.7 Daftar Resource .. ..................................................................................... 26
Tabel 4.8 Daftar Processing and Routing................................................................... 27
Tabel 4.9 Daftar Arrivals ... ..................................................................................... 28
Tabel 4.10 Output Program . ..................................................................................... 31
Tabel 4.11 Data Output ........ ................................................................................... 34
Tabel 4.12 Uji Normalitas ......... . ........................................................................... 34
Tabel 4.13 Output Uji Validasi.................................................................................. 35
Tabel 4.14 Output Location Utilizations. ..................................................................... 36
Tabel 4.15 Output Resource Utilizations. ..................................................................... 36
Tabel 4.16 Total Exits ........... .................................................................................... 37
Tabel 4.17 Output Current Quantity in Sustem. ........................................................... 38
Tabel 4.18 Data Parameter Scenario. ........................................................................ 39
Tabel 4.19 Utilitas Resouces (%). ............................................................................... 40
Tabel 4.20 Cost Resources ..... ..................................................................................... 40

MODUL ARENA
Tabel 1.1 Data Hasil Pengamatan Jaya Kulit ........................................................ 46
Tabel 2.1 Simbol Activity Cycle Diagram ............................................................ 49
Tabel 2.2 Module Basic Process Panel................................................................... 50
Tabel 2.3 Data Module Basic Process Panel ........................................................... 52
Tabel 2.4 Module Advanced Process Panel ............................................................ 53
Tabel 2.5 Data Module Advanced Transfer Panel ................................................... 54
Tabel 2.6 Module Advanced Transfer Panel........................................................... 55

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Tabel 2.7 Module Conveyor Flowchart ................................................................. 55
Tabel 2.8 Module Transporter Flowchart .............................................................. 55
Tabel 2.9 Data Module Advanced Advanced Transfer Process .................................. 56
Tabel 4.1 Hasil Uji Kecukupan Data ................................................................ 68
Tabel 4.2 Data Hasil Pengamatan Jaya Kulit.................................................... 68
Tabel 4.3 Keterangan Proses ............................................................................ 68
Tabel 4.4 Hasil Pendistribusian Waktu ............................................................. 69
Tabel 4.5 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Create .................................................... 70
Tabel 4.6 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Station ................................................... 71
Tabel 4.7 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Decide .................................................... 71
Tabel 4.8 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Process ................................................... 72
Tabel 4.9 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Separate ................................................. 73
Tabel 4.10 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Assign .................................................... 74
Tabel 4.11 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Batch ..................................................... 75
Tabel 4.12 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Request .................................................. 75
Tabel 4.13 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Transport ............................................... 76
Tabel 4.14 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Free ....................................................... 76
Tabel 4.15 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Dispose .................................................. 77
Tabel 4.16 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Record ................................................... 77
Tabel 4.17 Daftar Pendefinisian Modul Resource ................................................. 78
Tabel 4.18 Daftar Pendefinisian Data Modul Schedule ........................................ 78
Tabel 4.19 Daftar Pendefinisian Data Modul Transporter .................................... 78
Tabel 4.20 Daftar Pendefinisian Data Modul Distance......................................... 79
Tabel 4.21 Data Hasil Simulasi .......................................................................... 79
Tabel 4.22 Perhitungan Replikasi ....................................................................... 79
Tabel 4.23 Data Output Aktual dengan Data Output Simulasi .............................. 82
Tabel 4.24 Hasil Uji Kenormalan....................................................................... 83
Tabel 4.25 Hasil Uji Mann Whitney U ................................................................. 83
Tabel 4.26 Hasil Uji Mann Whitney U ................................................................. 83
Tabel 4.27 Number In ........... ............................................................................. 84
Tabel 4.28 Number Out ........... ........................................................................... 85
Tabel 4.29 WIP .................... ............................................................................. 85
Tabel 4.30 Utilization Resources ........................................................................... 86

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Tabel 4.31 Waiting Time .................................................................................... 86
Tabel 4.32 Daftar Skenario .. ............................................................................. 88
Tabel 4.33 Daftar Skenario........... ..................................................................... 89

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Halaman sengaja dikosongkan

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
MODUL SIMULATION AND PROMODEL SOFTWARE
Gambar 2.1. Elemen-elemen system ...................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.2. Simbol Location .................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.3. Simbol Transition .............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.4. Simbol Flow Relation .......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.5. Simbol Marking ................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.6. Contoh Petri Net................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 3.1. Diagram Alir Praktikum ................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.1. Flowchart Sistem ................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.2. Model PetriNet Packaging Kukubima ............... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.3. Model PetriNet Packaging Kukubima Dengan Token ... Error! Bookmark not
defined.
Gambar 4.4. Memilih Stat::Fit ................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.5. Memasukkan Data Pengamatan Proses Pengumpulan Dus ................. Error!
Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.6. Auto::Fit ............................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.7. Hasil Pilihan Distribusi ..................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.8. Tampilan General Information ............................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.9. Tampilan ProModel .......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.10. Tampilan build location ...................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.11. Layout ProModel .............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.12. Tampilan Build Entities ..................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.13. Tampilan Build Path Network ............................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.14. Tampilan Build Resurce ...................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.15. Tampilan Build Arrivals...................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.16. Tampilan Build Shift........................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.17. Tampilan Select Resource .................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.18. Tampilan Build Variable ..................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.19. Tampilan Pendefinisian INC dan DEC........... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.20. Tampilan Pendefinisian Waktu Simulasi ........ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.21. Model Petri Net Pengemasan Kukubima Dengan Token .... Error! Bookmark
not defined.
Gambar 4.22. Layout Proses Packaging Kukubima ................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.23. Trace Simulasi .................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.24. Layout Proses Packaging Kukubima .................. Error! Bookmark not defined.

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Gambar 4.25. Output utilitas resource ........................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.26. Output Total Exits ................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.27. Output Current Quantity in System ...................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

MODUL ARENA
Gambar 2.1. Arena home screen ............................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.2. Process Analyzer untuk File yang akan digunakan .......... Error! Bookmark not
defined.
Gambar 2.3. Scenario Properties ................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.4. Scenario Controls .................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.5. Gambar Skenario yang Digunakan .................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.6. Hasil Skenario .................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.7. Cara Memilih Response yang Digunakan ......... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.8. Chat Wizard ......................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 2.9. Process Analyzer untuk File yang akan digunakan .......... Error! Bookmark not
defined.
Gambar 3.1. Diagram Alir Praktikum ................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.1. Dokumentasi Proses Pembuatan Jaya Kulit ........ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.2. Flowchart Sistem ................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.3. Tampilan awal modul sistem pada Arena ....... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.4. Pendeskripsian Modul Create ............................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.5. Pendeskripsian Modul Station........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.6. Pendeskripsian Modul Decide ........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.7. Pendeskripsian Modul Process ........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.8. Pendeskripsian Modul Separate......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.9. Pendeskripsian Modul Assign............................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.10. Pendeskripsian Modul Batch ............................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.11. Pendeskripsian Modul Batch ............................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.12. Pendeskripsian Modul Transport ...................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.13. Pendeskripsian Modul Free ............................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.14. Pendeskripsian Modul Dispose .......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.15. Pendeskripsian Modul Record ........................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.16. Waktu pada modul process................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.17. Compile error ........................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.18. Tampilan animasi pada Arena ............................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.19. Pemodelan sistem produksi dengan Arena ....... Error! Bookmark not defined.

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Gambar 4.20. Pemodelan sistem produksi dengan ACD ....... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.21. Grafik Perbandingan Output ............................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Gambar 4.22. Grafik Perbandingan Net profit.......................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 ACD Jaket Kulit


Lampiran 2 Kartu Asistensi

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