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© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

t1–61. Determine the maximum magnitude P of the load


the beam will support if the average shear stress in each pin
is not to allowed to exceed 60 MPa. All pins are subjected to C
double shear as shown, and each has a diameter of 18 mm.

Referring to the FBD of member AB, Fig. a, 30


B
a j."  0; '#$ sin 30°(6)  1(2)  1(4)  0 '#$  21 A 2m 2m 2m

 j'Y  0; " Y  21 cos 30°  0  " Y  1.7321
P P
D j'Z  0; " Z  1  1 21 sin 30°  0 "Z  1

Thus, the force acting on pin A is

'"  2 " Y 2 " Z 2  2 (1.7321)2 12  21

All pins are subjected to same force and double shear. Referring to the FBD of the
pin, Fig. b,
' 21
7    1
2 2
p
The cross-sectional area of the pin is "  (0.0182)  81.0(10  6)p m2. Thus,
4
7 1
tallow  ; 60(106) 
" 81.0(10  6)p

1  15 268 N  15.3 kN Ans.

43

CH 01.indd 43 11/29/10 10:18:55 AM


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

1–82. The three steel wires are used to support the


load. If the wires have an allowable tensile stress of A
sallow  165 MPa, determine the required diameter of each
C
wire if the applied load is 1  6 kN.

45 B
The force in wire BD is equal to the applied load; ie, '#%  1  6 kN. Analysing 30
the equilibrium of joint B by referring to its FBD, Fig. a,

 j'Y  0; '#$ cos 30°  '"# cos 45°  0 (1)
D
D j'Z  0; '#$ sin 30° '"# sin 45°  6  0 (2) P

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2),

'"#  5.379 kN '#$  4.392 kN

For wire BD,


'#% 6(103)
sallow  ; 165(106)  p 2
" #% 4 E#%

E#%  0.006804 m  6.804 mm

Use E#%  7.00 mm Ans.

For wire AB,


'"# 5.379(103)
sallow  ; 165(106)  p
" "# 4 E"# 2

E"#  0.006443 m  6.443 mm

Use E"#  6.50 mm Ans.

For wire BC,


'#$ 4.392(103)
sallow  ; 165(106)  p
" #$ 4 E#$ 2

E#$  0.005822 m  5.822 mm

E#$  6.00 mm Ans.

55

CH 01.indd 55 11/29/10 10:19:35 AM


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*1–88. The frame is subjected to the load of 4 kN which 4 kN


acts on member ABD at D. Determine the required 1m 1.5 m
diameter of the pins at D and C if the allowable shear stress 45
for the material is tallow  40 MPa. Pin C is subjected to E
C D
double shear, whereas pin D is subjected to single shear.
1.5 m
Referring to the FBD of member DCE, Fig. a,

a j.&  0; %Z(2.5)  '#$ sin 45° (1)  0 (1)


B
 j'Y  0  '#$ cos 45°  %Y  0 (2)

Referring to the FBD of member ABD, Fig. b, 1.5 m

a j."  0; 4 cos 45° (3) '#$ sin 45° (1.5)  %Y (3)  0 (3)
A

Solving Eqs (2) and (3),

'#$  8.00 kN %Y  5.657 kN

Substitute the result of '#$ into (1)

%Z  2.263 kN

Thus, the force acting on pin D is

'%  2 %Y 2 %Z 2  2 5.6572 2.2632  6.093 kN

Pin C is subjected to double shear white pin D is subjected to single shear. Referring
to the FBDs of pins C, and D in Fig c and d, respectively,
'#$ 8.00
7$    4.00 kN 7%  '%  6.093 kN
2 2
For pin C,

7$ 4.00(103)
tallow  ; 40(106)  p
"$ 4 E$ 2

E$  0.01128 m  11.28 mm

Use E$  12 mm Ans.

For pin D,
7% 6.093(103)
tallow  ; 40(106)  p
"% 4 E% 2

E%  0.01393 m  13.93 mm

Use E%  14 mm Ans.

59

CH 01.indd 59 11/29/10 10:19:39 AM


4-8.. The assemblly consists off two
rigidd bars AB and CD thaat are
origginally horizontal. They are
suppported by pins and 6 mm diaameter
A-336 steel rods CF and BE. If the
verttical load of 5 kN is applied to the
botttom bar AB, deetermine the vertical
dispplacements at C,
C B, and E. EA-36 =
2100 GPa.
© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

t4–9. The assembly consists of three titanium (Ti-6A1-4V)


D 4 ftm
1.2 C
rods and a rigid bar AC. The cross-sectional area of each rod
figure.If
is given in the figure. If aaforce
forceof
of30
6 kip
kN is applied to the ring ACD
ACD  1 mm
600 in2 2
F, determine the horizontal displacement of point F. 20.6
ft m
10.3ftm F
E 6 kip
30 kN
Internal Force in the Rods:
1 ftmAA
0.3 EFEF in2 mm2
2 1200
22
AAAB900
1.5mm
in
a j."  0; 'CD
F (3) – 6(1)
$%(0.9)  0= 0 '$%
30(0.3)  =2.00
FCD kip
10 kN AB

B 6 ftm
1.8 A
j'  0;
  2.00
6 30 – 10 – F' =
0 0 '"#FAB
=4.00
20 kip
kN
Y AB
"#

Displacement:
3
'$% -$% )(1.2)(103)
2.00(4)(12)
10(10 0.6 m
d$  
  0.16666667
3 3)
0.0055172 in. mm 0.6 m
"$% & (600)(120)(10
(1)(17.4)(10 )
FEF = 30 kN
3
'"# -"# )(1.8)(103)
4.00(6)(12)
20(10
d"  
  0.0110344 in. mm
0.33333333 0.3 m 0.3 m
""# & (900)(120)(103)3)
(1.5)(17.4)(10
3
'&' -&' )(0.3)(103)
6.00(1)(12)
30(10
d'&  
  0.0020690
0.0625 mm
in. 0.16666667 mm
"&' & (2)(17.4)(103) 3)]
(1200)(120)(10

d&
E 0.16666667
0.0055172 

 ; ; E 0.11111111
d& mmin.
 0.0036782
0.6
2 0.9
3

d&  d$ d& 
 0.16666667
0.0055172 + 0.0036782
0.11111111= 0.0091954
0.27777778in.mm

d'  d& d'&

 0.27777778
 0.0091954 + 0.0020690  0.0113
0.0625 = 0.340 mm in. Ans.

4–10. The assembly consists of three titanium (Ti-6A1-4V) D 1.2


4 ftm C
rods and a rigid bar AC. The cross-sectional area of each rod
ACD 
600 2 2
mm
is given in the
the figure.
figure.If
Ifaaforce
forceof
of30 kN is applied to the ring
6 kip ACD 1 in
F, determine the angle of tilt of bar AC. 20.6
ft m
F
E 10.3ftm
30 kN
6 kip
Internal Force in the Rods: 2 1200 2 2
1 ftmAA
0.3 EFEF in mm
AA
ABAB900 in2 2
1.5mm
a j."  0; '
FCD (3) – 6(1)
$%(0.9)  0= 0 '$%
30(0.3)  =2.00
FCD kip
10 kN
B 1.8
6 ftm A
j'  0;
  –2.00
6 30 10 –FAB
'"#= 0 0 '"#
FAB =4.00 kip
20 kN
Y

Displacement:
3
'$% -$% 10(10 )(1.2)(103)
2.00(4)(12) 0.6 m 0.6 m
d$  
  0.0055172 in.
3 3 0.16666667 mm
"$% & (600)(120)(10
(1)(17.4)(10 ) )
FEF = 30 kN
3
'"# -"# )(1.8)(103)
4.00(6)(12)
20(10 0.3 m
d"  
  0.0110344 in. mm
0.33333333 0.3 m
""# & (900)(120)(103)3)
(1.5)(17.4)(10

d"  d$ 0.0110344 – 0.16666667


0.33333333 0.0055172
u  tan  1  tan  1 0.16666667 mm
3(12) 3(12) 3)
0.9(10


 0.01061
0.00878°° Ans.

128

CH 04.indd 128 1/18/11 2:09:29 PM


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

4–62. The rigid link is supported by a pin at A, a steel wire


BC having an unstretched length of 200 mm and cross- C
sectional area of 22.5 mm2, and a short aluminum block
having an unloaded length of 50 mm and cross-sectional 200 mm
area of 40 mm2. If the link is subjected to the vertical load
shown, determine the average normal stress in the wire and
B A
the block. &st  200 GPa, &al  70 GPa.
150 mm
100 mm 150 mm
Equations of Equilibrium: 450 N
D
a j."  0; 450(250)  '#$(150)  '%(150)  0
50 mm
750  '#$  '%  0 [1]

Compatibility:

d#$  d%

'#$(200) '%(50)

22.5(10  6)200(109) 40(10  6)70(109)

'#$  0.40179 '% [2]

Solving Eqs. [1] and [2] yields:

'%  535.03 N '#$  214.97 N

Average Normal Stress:

'% 535.03
s%    13.4 MPa Ans.
"% 40(10  6)
'#$ 214.97
s#$    9.55 MPa Ans.
"#$ 22.5(10  6)

170

CH 04.indd 170 1/18/11 2:10:11 PM


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*4–84. The AM1004-T61 magnesium alloy tube AB is 25 mm 20 mm


capped with a rigid plate E. The gap between E and end C of a
the 6061-T6 aluminum alloy solid circular rod CD is 0.2 mm Section a-a
when the temperature is at 30° C. Determine the normal E
stress developed in the tube and the rod if the temperature
rises to 80° C. Neglect the thickness of the rigid cap. C D
A B 25 mm
a
0.2 mm

300 mm 450 mm

Compatibility Equation: If tube AB and rod CD are unconstrained, they will have a
free expansion of  d5  "#  amg c5-"#  26(10  6)(80  30)(300)  0.39 mm and
 d5)$%  aal c5-$%  24(10  6)(80  30)(450)  0.54 mm. Referring to the
deformation diagram of the tube and the rod shown in Fig. a,

d    d5  "#   d'  "#    d5  $%   d'  $% 

'(300) '(450)
0.2   0.39  "  0.54  "
2 2 9 p
p  0.025  0.02  (44.7)(10 ) 4  0.0252  (68.9)(109)
'  32 017.60 N

Normal Stress:

' 32 017.60
s"#    45.3 MPa Ans.
""# p  0.0252  0.022 
' 32 017.60
s$%    65.2 MPa Ans.
"$% p 2
4  0.025 

'  107 442.47 N

184

CH 04.indd 184 1/18/11 2:10:30 PM