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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

## t1–61. Determine the maximum magnitude P of the load

the beam will support if the average shear stress in each pin
is not to allowed to exceed 60 MPa. All pins are subjected to C
double shear as shown, and each has a diameter of 18 mm.

## Referring to the FBD of member AB, Fig. a, 30

B
a j."  0; '#\$ sin 30°(6)  1(2)  1(4)  0 '#\$  21 A 2m 2m 2m

 j'Y  0; " Y  21 cos 30°  0  " Y  1.7321
P P
D j'Z  0; " Z  1  1 21 sin 30°  0 "Z  1

## '"  2 " Y 2 " Z 2  2 (1.7321)2 12  21

All pins are subjected to same force and double shear. Referring to the FBD of the
pin, Fig. b,
' 21
7    1
2 2
p
The cross-sectional area of the pin is "  (0.0182)  81.0(10  6)p m2. Thus,
4
7 1
tallow  ; 60(106)
" 81.0(10  6)p

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## CH 01.indd 43 11/29/10 10:18:55 AM

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

## 1–82. The three steel wires are used to support the

load. If the wires have an allowable tensile stress of A
sallow  165 MPa, determine the required diameter of each
C
wire if the applied load is 1  6 kN.

45 B
The force in wire BD is equal to the applied load; ie, '#%  1  6 kN. Analysing 30
the equilibrium of joint B by referring to its FBD, Fig. a,

 j'Y  0; '#\$ cos 30°  '"# cos 45°  0 (1)
D
D j'Z  0; '#\$ sin 30° '"# sin 45°  6  0 (2) P

## For wire BD,

'#% 6(103)
sallow  ; 165(106)  p 2
" #% 4 E#%

## For wire AB,

'"# 5.379(103)
sallow  ; 165(106)  p
" "# 4 E"# 2

## For wire BC,

'#\$ 4.392(103)
sallow  ; 165(106)  p
" #\$ 4 E#\$ 2

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## CH 01.indd 55 11/29/10 10:19:35 AM

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

## *1–88. The frame is subjected to the load of 4 kN which 4 kN

acts on member ABD at D. Determine the required 1m 1.5 m
diameter of the pins at D and C if the allowable shear stress 45
for the material is tallow  40 MPa. Pin C is subjected to E
C D
double shear, whereas pin D is subjected to single shear.
1.5 m
Referring to the FBD of member DCE, Fig. a,

## a j.&  0; %Z(2.5)  '#\$ sin 45° (1)  0 (1)

B
 j'Y  0  '#\$ cos 45°  %Y  0 (2)

## Referring to the FBD of member ABD, Fig. b, 1.5 m

a j."  0; 4 cos 45° (3) '#\$ sin 45° (1.5)  %Y (3)  0 (3)
A

%Z  2.263 kN

## '%  2 %Y 2 %Z 2  2 5.6572 2.2632  6.093 kN

Pin C is subjected to double shear white pin D is subjected to single shear. Referring
to the FBDs of pins C, and D in Fig c and d, respectively,
'#\$ 8.00
7\$    4.00 kN 7%  '%  6.093 kN
2 2
For pin C,

7\$ 4.00(103)
tallow  ; 40(106)  p
"\$ 4 E\$ 2

E\$  0.01128 m  11.28 mm

Use E\$  12 mm Ans.

For pin D,
7% 6.093(103)
tallow  ; 40(106)  p
"% 4 E% 2

E%  0.01393 m  13.93 mm

Use E%  14 mm Ans.

59

## CH 01.indd 59 11/29/10 10:19:39 AM

4-8.. The assemblly consists off two
rigidd bars AB and CD thaat are
origginally horizontal. They are
suppported by pins and 6 mm diaameter
A-336 steel rods CF and BE. If the
verttical load of 5 kN is applied to the
botttom bar AB, deetermine the vertical
dispplacements at C,
C B, and E. EA-36 =
2100 GPa.
exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

## t4–9. The assembly consists of three titanium (Ti-6A1-4V)

D 4 ftm
1.2 C
rods and a rigid bar AC. The cross-sectional area of each rod
figure.If
is given in the ﬁgure. If aaforce
forceof
of30
6 kip
kN is applied to the ring ACD
ACD  1 mm
600 in2 2
F, determine the horizontal displacement of point F. 20.6
ft m
10.3ftm F
E 6 kip
30 kN
Internal Force in the Rods:
1 ftmAA
0.3 EFEF in2 mm2
2 1200
22
AAAB900
1.5mm
in
a j."  0; 'CD
F (3) – 6(1)
\$%(0.9)  0= 0 '\$%
30(0.3)  =2.00
FCD kip
10 kN AB

B 6 ftm
1.8 A
j'  0;
  2.00
6 30 – 10 – F' =
0 0 '"#FAB
=4.00
20 kip
kN
Y AB
"#

Displacement:
3
'\$% -\$% )(1.2)(103)
2.00(4)(12)
10(10 0.6 m
d\$  
0.16666667
3 3)
0.0055172 in. mm 0.6 m
"\$% & (600)(120)(10
(1)(17.4)(10 )
FEF = 30 kN
3
'"# -"# )(1.8)(103)
4.00(6)(12)
20(10
d"
  0.0110344 in. mm
0.33333333 0.3 m 0.3 m
""# & (900)(120)(103)3)
(1.5)(17.4)(10
3
'&' -&' )(0.3)(103)
6.00(1)(12)
30(10
d'&
  0.0020690
0.0625 mm
in. 0.16666667 mm
"&' & (2)(17.4)(103) 3)]
(1200)(120)(10

d&
E 0.16666667
0.0055172 

; ; E 0.11111111
d& mmin.
0.0036782
0.6
2 0.9
3

d&  d\$ d& 
0.16666667
0.0055172 + 0.0036782
0.11111111= 0.0091954
0.27777778in.mm

## d'  d& d'&

0.27777778
 0.0091954 + 0.0020690  0.0113
0.0625 = 0.340 mm in. Ans.

## 4–10. The assembly consists of three titanium (Ti-6A1-4V) D 1.2

4 ftm C
rods and a rigid bar AC. The cross-sectional area of each rod
ACD 
600 2 2
mm
is given in the
the ﬁgure.
figure.If
Ifaaforce
forceof
of30 kN is applied to the ring
6 kip ACD 1 in
F, determine the angle of tilt of bar AC. 20.6
ft m
F
E 10.3ftm
30 kN
6 kip
Internal Force in the Rods: 2 1200 2 2
1 ftmAA
0.3 EFEF in mm
AA
ABAB900 in2 2
1.5mm
a j."  0; '
FCD (3) – 6(1)
\$%(0.9)  0= 0 '\$%
30(0.3)  =2.00
FCD kip
10 kN
B 1.8
6 ftm A
j'  0;
  –2.00
6 30 10 –FAB
'"#= 0 0 '"#
FAB =4.00 kip
20 kN
Y

Displacement:
3
'\$% -\$% 10(10 )(1.2)(103)
2.00(4)(12) 0.6 m 0.6 m
d\$
  0.0055172 in.
3 3 0.16666667 mm
"\$% & (600)(120)(10
(1)(17.4)(10 ) )
FEF = 30 kN
3
'"# -"# )(1.8)(103)
4.00(6)(12)
20(10 0.3 m
d"
  0.0110344 in. mm
0.33333333 0.3 m
""# & (900)(120)(103)3)
(1.5)(17.4)(10

## d"  d\$ 0.0110344 – 0.16666667

0.33333333 0.0055172
u  tan  1  tan  1 0.16666667 mm
3(12) 3(12) 3)
0.9(10


0.01061
0.00878°° Ans.

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## CH 04.indd 128 1/18/11 2:09:29 PM

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

## 4–62. The rigid link is supported by a pin at A, a steel wire

BC having an unstretched length of 200 mm and cross- C
sectional area of 22.5 mm2, and a short aluminum block
having an unloaded length of 50 mm and cross-sectional 200 mm
area of 40 mm2. If the link is subjected to the vertical load
shown, determine the average normal stress in the wire and
B A
the block. &st  200 GPa, &al  70 GPa.
150 mm
100 mm 150 mm
Equations of Equilibrium: 450 N
D
a j."  0; 450(250)  '#\$(150)  '%(150)  0
50 mm
750  '#\$  '%  0 [1]

Compatibility:

d#\$  d%

'#\$(200) '%(50)

22.5(10  6)200(109) 40(10  6)70(109)

## Average Normal Stress:

'% 535.03
s%    13.4 MPa Ans.
"% 40(10  6)
'#\$ 214.97
s#\$    9.55 MPa Ans.
"#\$ 22.5(10  6)

170

## CH 04.indd 170 1/18/11 2:10:11 PM

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

## *4–84. The AM1004-T61 magnesium alloy tube AB is 25 mm 20 mm

capped with a rigid plate E. The gap between E and end C of a
the 6061-T6 aluminum alloy solid circular rod CD is 0.2 mm Section a-a
when the temperature is at 30° C. Determine the normal E
stress developed in the tube and the rod if the temperature
rises to 80° C. Neglect the thickness of the rigid cap. C D
A B 25 mm
a
0.2 mm

300 mm 450 mm

Compatibility Equation: If tube AB and rod CD are unconstrained, they will have a
free expansion of  d5  "#  amg c5-"#  26(10  6)(80  30)(300)  0.39 mm and
 d5)\$%  aal c5-\$%  24(10  6)(80  30)(450)  0.54 mm. Referring to the
deformation diagram of the tube and the rod shown in Fig. a,

## d    d5  "#   d'  "#    d5  \$%   d'  \$% 

'(300) '(450)
0.2   0.39  "  0.54  "
2 2 9 p
p  0.025  0.02  (44.7)(10 ) 4  0.0252  (68.9)(109)
'  32 017.60 N

Normal Stress:

' 32 017.60
s"#    45.3 MPa Ans.
""# p  0.0252  0.022 
' 32 017.60
s\$%    65.2 MPa Ans.
"\$% p 2
4  0.025 

184