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ASSI

GNMENTQUESTIONSFORENGG.CHEMISTRYBT-
101
ASSIGNMENT-1
FTIsemesterIy
ear2018

Dat
eofAssi
gnment
:30.
07.
2018 Dat
eofSubmi
ssi
on:
07.
08.
2018
1.

a) Def i
nedi
ffer
entuni
tsf
orexpr
essi
nghar
dnessofwat
er.Gi
ver
elat
ionshi
p
bet
weent
heseunit
s?

b) Whati sthepri
nci
palofEDTAti
tr
ati
on?Howcant
heper
manenthar
dnessoft
he
wat
erbedet
erminedbythi
smethod?

c) Sol ve,awat ersampl eisalkal


inetoboth,phenolphthal
einaswel l
asmet hyl
orange.100ml ofwat ersampl eontitr
ati
onwithN/ 50HCl requir
ed16.8ml oftheacid
tophenol pht
halei
nendpoi nt.Thenfewdr opsofmet hylorangewer eaddedandt he
ti
trati
onwascont inued.Yel l
owcol ourofthesol
utionturnedt opinkonaddit
ionof26.4
ml oftotalaci
dsolut i
on.Findoutt hetypeandamountofal kali
nit
iespr
esentinthe
wat ersample.

d) Sol v
e,100ml ofstandardhardwater,
preparedbydissolv
ing1. 5mgCaCO3per
l
itr
econsumed50ml EDTA.50ml samplewaterconsumed25ml ofsameEDTA
solut
ion.50ml boi
l
edwat ersampl econsumed15ml EDTAsolution,cal
cul
atet
otal
,
0 0
temporaryandpermanenthar dnessofwaterinppm,Cl ,and Fr.

e) Dr
awandexpl
ainphasedi
agr
am ofwat
erandcopperandsi
l
versy
stem.
ASSI
GNMENT-
2

Dat
eofAssi
gnment
:12.
08.
2018 Dat
eofSubmi
ssi
on:
19.
08.
2018

2.a)Explai
ntheprincipal
andprocessofLi
me-sodasoft
eni
ngofwat
ergi
vingthe
di
ffer
entchemicalreacti
onsi
nvolvedi
nthepr
ocess.Gi
veadv
ant
ageofhotli
me-
sodaprocess?

b)Whatt
roubl
esinboi
lermayar
iseduetouseofunt
reat
edwat
er?Descr
ibeboi
l
er
tr
oubl
eswit
hrespectt
ocauses,
il
l-
eff
ect
sandremedies.

c)Di
scusszeol
i
temet
hodofwat
ersof
teni
ngwi
thi
tsl
i
mit
ati
on.

d)Inthedeioni
zati
onprocesswateri
susuall
yfir
stpassedthrought
hecat
ion
exchangerandthanthr
ought heani
onexchanger.Gi
vereason?
ASSI
GNMENT-
3

Dat
eofAssi
gnment
:03.
10.
2018 Dat
eofSubmi
ssi
on:
10.
10.
2018

3.

a)Whati
slubr
icat
ion?Gi
vef
unct
ionsandcl
assi
fi
cat
ionofl
ubr
icant
s.

b)Expl
aindi
ff
erentmechani
smsofl
ubr
icat
ions.

c)Explainthefol
l
owi
ngpr
oper
ti
esofl
ubr
icant
sandgi
vet
hei
rsi
gni
fi
cance.
1.Viscosit
yIndex
2.Anili
nepoint
3.Cloudandpourpoi
nt
4.AcidNumber

d)Anoi lsampl
eundertesthasasaybol tuniversalvi
scosit
yof64secondsat210° F
and
564secondsat100°Fthelowviscosit
yst andard(gulfoi
l)possessasaybol tvi
scosi
ty
of
64 seconds at210°F and 774 seconds at100° F.The hi gh v
iscosi
ty st
andar
d
(Pennsy
lvani
anoil
)gavethesaybol tviscosit
yv alueof64secondsat210° Fand414
secondsat100°
F.Cal
culat
etheV.I.oftheoilsampl eundertest?

e)Definefl
ashpointandf
ir
epoi
nt.Descr
ibet
hedet
ermi
nat
ionoff
lashpoi
ntbypensky
marten’sappar
atus?

f)AnoilsampleundertesthasaSay boltuniv
ersalv
iscosit
ysameast hatofstandard
Gulfoil
(lowv i
scosi
tyst
andard)andPennsy lvani
anoil(
highviscosi
tyi
ndexstandard)at
210°F.TheirSaybol
tuni
versalv
iscosit
iesat100°Fare61, 758and420seconds
respect
ivel
y.Calcul
atevi
scosi
tyindexoft hesampleoil
.

g)Expl
aini
ndetai
lstr
uct
ureofgraphi
teandMoS2.Gi
vet
woexampl
esofeach,
l
ubri
cati
ngoil
s,gr
easesandsol
idlubr
icant
s.
ASSI
GNMENT-
4

Dat
eofAssi
gnment
:17.
10.
2018 Dat
eofSubmi
ssi
on:
24.
10.
2018

4.

a)Wr
it
eanot
eont
hecl
assi
fi
cat
ionofpol
ymer
.

Or

Whatar
epoly
merandpolymeri
zat
ion?Cl
assi
fypol
ymeront
hebasi
sofdi
ff
erent
par
ameter
sgivi
ngsui
tabl
eexampl
es.

b)Whati
spol
ymer
izat
ionr
eact
ion?Expl
aindi
ff
erentt
ypesofpol
ymer
izat
ionr
eact
ion.

c)Expl
ainmechani
sm ofaddi
ti
onpol
ymer
izat
ion.

d)Whatisvul
cani
zat
ion?Writ
ethestr
uct
uralchangest
hatt
akepl
aceduet
o
vul
cani
zati
on.Gi
veappli
cat
ionofvul
cani
zati
on.

e)Wri
teashortnoteonthef
oll
owings
i
. Diff
erencebetweenTher
mopl ast
icandTher
mosett
ingPl
ast
ic.
ii
. Diff
erencebetweenAddi
ti
onandCondensationPol
ymeri
zat
ion.
i
ii
. Bakeli
te/Phenolf
ormal
dehyde.

f
)Wri
tet
hepr
epar
ati
on,
proper
ti
esandappl
i
cat
ionof
i
.PVC

i
i
.PMMA/Pl
exi
glass/Luci
te

i
i
i.Tef
lon

i
v.GR-
A/NBR/Buna-
N/Ni
tr
il
erubber

v
.Ny
lon6and6:
6
ASSI
GNMENT-
5

Dat
eofAssi
gnment
:29.
10.
2018 Dat
eofSubmi
ssi
on:
08.
11.
2018

5.

a)Discusst
hepri
nci
ple,
inst
rument
ati
onandappl
i
cat
ionsofel
ect
roni
c/UV
spectr
oscopy.

b)
 Di
scusst
hepr
inci
ple,
inst
rument
ati
onandappl
i
cat
ionsofI
Rspect
roscopy
.

Or

Gi
vet
hepr
inci
pleandappl
i
cat
ionsofI
Rspect
roscopy
.

c)Di
scussi
nbr
ieft
het
ypeofmol
ecul
arv
ibr
ati
ons.

d)Wr
it
eshor
tnot
eon:

a.Tr
endofAt
omi
c&I
oni
csi
zesi
ngr
oupsandper
iods

b.el
ect
ronegat
ivi
tyandi
tst
rendsi
ngr
oupsandper
iods

c.el
ect
ronaf
fi
nit
yit
str
endsi
ngr
oupsandper
iods