Anda di halaman 1dari 11

Air conditioning comfort in the vehicle

Holistic, individual, psychologically appropriate


Zone-based air conditioning
Stratification

Cool head

Warm feet

Acoustics

Draft-free ventilation

2
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Vehicle design concepts
Market forecast, 2015

Int. combustion Start/stop Mild Full Electric


engine hybrid hybrid vehicles

Top-range

Mid-range

Compact class

Subcompact class

Micro class

Market forecast, 2015

3
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
A/C systems in vehicles with internal combustion engines

Internal combustion engine

Electrical system: U = 12 V

Behr systems

Cooling Refrigerant compressor Cooling output ECO-A/C®


(belt-driven) available anytime High performance
Heat exchangers

Heating Engine waste heat Heating after cold start ECO-Heat


and in standard High performance
operation Heat exchangers

Efficiency Increased fuel consumption ECO-A/C®


due to air conditioning ECO-Heat

Acoustics Base level by combustion engine Silent HVAC


Silent blower

4
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Refrigerant circuit of an automotive air conditioning system

Expansion valve High-performance or


storage evaporator
High-performance
condenser

Internal heat exchanger

 Efficiency
Compressor
 Acoustics
 Cooling during idle periods

5
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Potential fuel consumption and CO2 reductions using
ECO-A/C ® and ECO-Heat

ECO-A/C ® ECO-Heat
Average annual fuel consumption Average annual fuel consumption
- Cooling - - Heating -

125%

100% 100%

80% 70%
CO2 15 12 10
emissions: 10 6
(g/km)

Fuel 0.6 0.5 0.4


consumption: 0.4 0.2
(Liters/100 km)

1997 2007 2012 Today 2012

6
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Air-conditioning system in micro and mild hybrids

Electrical system:
Micro => U = 12 V, start/stop

Mild => U > 12 V, Pel < approx. 15 kW, start/stop, recuperation,


Li-ion batteries
Behr systems

Cooling Refrigerant compressor No cooling ECO-A/C®


(belt-driven) during idle periods Storage evaporator

Heating Engine waste heat Residual heat ECO-Heat


and/or PTC
during idle periods

Efficiency Increased fuel consumption ECO-A/C®


due to air conditioning ECO-Heat

Acoustics Idle periods without Silent HVAC


internal combustion engine noise Silent blower

7
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Air-conditioning system in full hybrids

Electrical system

U >> 12 V, Pel > approx. 15 kW , start/stop, recuperation,

Electric-powered, plug-in charging, Li-ion batteries

Behr systems

Cooling Refrigerant compressor “from battery” ECO-A/C®


(electric) Engine-independent Battery cooling
cooling possible

Heating Engine waste heat Heating management ECO-Heat


and/or necessary High-voltage
electric PTC

Efficiency Increased fuel consumption ECO-A/C®


due to air conditioning ECO-Heat

Acoustics Idle and elec. powered periods Silent HVAC


without internal combustion engine noise Silent blower

8
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Air conditioning system (refrigerant circuit and HVAC module)
for electric vehicles

High-performance
evaporator

Expansion valve

Electric compressor
High-voltage PTC

 Efficiency
 Acoustics

9
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Air-conditioning systems in electric vehicles with/without
range extender

Electrical system:
Battery and electric engine Extension:  Range extender
Supporting measures in vehicle  Plug-in charging

Behr systems

Cooling Refrigerant compressor “from battery” ECO-A/C®


(electric) Engine-independent Battery cooling
cooling possible

Heating electric Electric air High-voltage


and/or PTC
water-based heating

Efficiency Air conditioning impacts ECO-A/C®


on potential range

Acoustics Air-conditioning system acoustics unmasked Silent HVAC


Silent blower

10
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.
Air conditioning systems and components for new vehicle designs
Components
System
125 % Battery cooling
100 % 100 %
80 % 70 %

1997 2007 2012 Today 2012


Storage evaporator
ECO-A/C® ECO-Heat

High-voltage PTC

Acoustics

A/C circuit acoustics Silent blower Silent HVAC


11
Technischer Pressetag Kroner Mai 2009 p0086.ppt
The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.
Offenders will be held liable for the payment of damages. All rights reserved in the event of the grant of a patent, utility model or ornamental design registration.