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NEC PASOLINK NEO (SDH)

SUBMITTED BY- AKASH RAY


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INTRODUCTION
To provide reliable digital access links and fully exploit the potential of end-to-end
advanced networks, NEC has developed the PASOLINK NEO, a narrow band point-to-
point digital microwave relay system operating at radio frequency (RF) bands of
6/7/8/10/11/13/15/18/23/26/28/32/38/52 GHz.

This system meets an increasing demand for digital transmission services, and will
satisfy the needs for common carrier access links, private links, urban area networks,
rural area networks, temporary networks or emergency links for data and
transmissions.

The PASOLINK equipment offers very high performance with large system flexibility,
which is easy to install and is a field proven to be very reliable.

The PASOLINK NEO system provides interface types of PDH, SDH and LAN.
The systems consist of antennas, outdoor unit (ODU) and Indoor unit (IDU) same as
PASOLINK series. They are connected through a coaxial cable for each radio channel.
Available configurations are non-protected type (1+0) and protected type (1+1). The
protected type is available for twin-path type and hot-standby type.

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INDEX
CONTENT Pg . no
1. KEY SPECIFICATIONS 5
2. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
2.1) ANTENNA , ODU 6
2.2) MICROWAVE ANTENNA IMAGE 7
2.3)CONNECTION FROM ODU TO IDU IMAGE 8
2.4)ODU IMAGE 9
2.5) IDU 10, 11
2.6) IDU IMAGE 12
3. DESIGN CONSIDERATION 13
4. MAIN FEATURES 14,15
5. MAINTENANCE FACILITIES 16
6. CROSS POLARIZATION INTERFERENCE CANCELLER 17
7. XPIC FUNCTION MENU 18
8. OTHER TOOLS & MATERIALS 19,20
9. PANEL LIST 21
10.DESIGN CONCEPT 22, 23
11.COMPATIBILITY AMONG PASOLINK FAMILY 24

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CONTENT PG NO.

12. IDU & ODU COMPATIBILITY 25


13. EQUIPMENT MENU (PASOLINK NEO) 26
14. IDU FLEXIBILITY 27
15. SYSTEM UPGRADE 28, 29
16. E1 & LAN SETTING 30 31 ,32
17. INSTALLATION & INSTRUCTION 33
18. INSTALLATION FLOW CHART 34
19. IDU MOUNTING 35,36
20. MOUNTING OF ODU & ANTENNA 37
21. CABLE TERMINATION 38- 43
22. CABLE & TERMINAL CONNECTION 44
23. ANTENNA ALLIGNMENT 45, 46, 47

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Key Specifications:
Frequencies: 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 28, 32, 38, and 52 GHz
Traffic capacities: 5 x 2 Mbps, 10 x 2 Mbps, 16 x 2 Mbps, 20 x 2 Mbps, 32 x 2
Mbps, 40 x 2 Mbps, 48 x 2 Mbps ,1 x 155 Mbps, 2 x 155 Mbps
LAN: 10/100Base-T(X), 1000Base-SX/LX, 1000 Base-T
Modulation: QPSK, 16/32/128QAM
Common platform design (PDH, SDH, and LAN)
V4 & Mx & PASO+(PDH) & PASO+(SDH) >> NEO (Same Equipment)
Bitrate Free (PDH to SDH)
10MB/ 20MB/ 40MB/ 80MB/ 100MB/ STM-1 (Same MODEM Unit)
Compact size/ Low power
1+0/1+1 @ 1U without FAN
Various Application
(E1+LAN), (E3+E1), (4PLAN + E1), (STM-1), APS for STM-1(opt), XPIC etc. ...,
Bandwidth and Modulation Free ODU
Coverage from 5E1 to 2xSTM-1 or from 10M to 2x155Mbps.
Scalability up to your needs:
Capacity upgradable by software -
5E1 to 16E1 or 5E1 to 32E1 or 40E1 to 48E1
16E1 to 32E1 or 16E1 to 48E1 (interface card swap)
16E1 to STM-1 (interface card swap) 5
Antenna
The complete menu of PASOLINK+ antennas includes diameters of 0.3m to 1.8m. They
are designed to meet stringent requirements on mechanical rigidity. Antennas with
diameters of 0.3m to 1.8m can be mounted directly to the ODU, making waveguides
obsolete. This has relevant cost and reliability merits and makes the installation quicker
and easier. The PASOLINK+ pole mounting structure is designed in a way that the ODU
can be replaced while keeping the antenna and mounting bracket, including orientation,
in place. The reflectors of the antennas are covered with white diffusive paint and the
mounting structure is hot-dip galvanized. In the 6 - 8 GHz band, coaxial or waveguide
cable with transducer is used for connecting between the ODU and IDU.

Transmitter-Receiver (ODU)
The transmitter-receiver is designed to handle a STM-1 signal in 6-38 GHz
bands. The equipment is designed to withstand severe weather conditions.
32/128-Quadrature amplitude modulation (32/128 QAM) is applied.
Local Oscillator is employed for APC (Automatic Phase Control) loop circuit at
the transmitter and receiver.

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MICROWAVE ANTENNA
Type 1- 11-38 GHz 128 QAM/32 QAM
type
(0.3m Diameter Antenna)

Type 2- 6-8 GHz 128 QAM type


(Low Loss Coaxial cable connection to
Antenna)

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CONNECTION FROM ODU TO IDU

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ODU

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Indoor Unit (IDU)
The IDU consists of six (6) panels that have following functions.

1. ODU INTFC
· Performing the multiplexing/demultiplexing of the transmitting signal, receiving signal,
SV and EOW signal
· Compensating the signal loss depending on IF cable length
· Automatic Gain control

2. 32 QAM MODEM / 128 QAM MODEM


· 32/128 QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation), Modulator/Demodulator
· Compensating quality degradation caused by fading
· Error correction of burst error using the Reed –Solomon encoding/decoding
· MLC (Multi Level Code) encoding/decoding. (Only for 32-AM)
· Data streams conversion depending on the modulation scheme
· Scrambling/de-scrambling of the data
· RFCOH multiplexing/demultiplexing
· Velocity conversion for radio frame

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3. 150M INTFC / OPT INTFC / 10/100 BASE-T(X) INTFC (Selectable)
· STM-1 signal interface (150M INTFC / OPT INTFC)
· RSOH multiplexing/demultiplexing (150M INTFC / OPT INTFC)
· Hitless switching of No.1 and No.2 receiving signal (150M INTFC / OPT INTFC)
· 2 ports 10 BASE-T/100 BASE-TX INTFC (Each port traffic is separated) (10/100
Base-T(X))
· Transparency for VLAN (IEEE 802.1Q Tagged frame) (10/100 Base-T(X))
4. CTRL
· Setting of equipment operation
· Monitoring alarm status of the equipment
· Performing performance monitoring
· Providing upper rank NMS interface
· LCT terminal interface
· EOW interface
5. WS INTFC (option) (32-QAM option)
· Interface of 2048/1544 kbps Wayside signal
6. LAN CARD (Option)
· Ethernet interface (10 Base-T) card with bridge function (exclusive use against
WS interface)

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IDU

(a) 1+1 1U height with PDH+LAN interface

(b) 1+1 1U height with SDH interface

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DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

Protection Capability- PASOLINK+ provides a protection switching system of


Hot standby protection (1 + 1), and twin-path protection (1 + 1).
1. Non-Protection System- Non-protection system consists of one ODU, one
IDU for
1+0 System, and one antenna.
2. Hot-Standby System- Hot-Standby system consists of two ODUs, one IDU
for 1 + 1 system, and one or two sets of antennas. The protection switch of
this systems is performed by the TX switches on the ODUs at the transmitting
end and Hitless switch on the 150 M INTFC (or OPT INTFC) module in the IDU
at the receiving end.
3. Twin-path System- Twin-Path system consists of two ODUs, one IDU for 1 +
1 System, and two sets of antennas. The protection switch of this system is
performed by the Hitless switch on the 150 M INTFC (or OPT INTFC) module
in the IDU at the receiving end.

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MAIN FEATURES
Advanced Technologies and Superb Performance
• High reliability and Quality
• Excellent field proven MTBF
• Low power consumption
• 10 Base-T/100 Base-TX, 1000 Base-SX/LX, 1000 Base-T (LAN
interface)
• APS for STM-1 optical
• VLAN implementation
• E1 Line Digital Cross Connect (DXC)

High System Gain / High spectrum efficiency


• High System Gain achieved by each modulation with Forward Error
Correction
(FEC) Technology and distortion cancelling technique called linearizer.
• High spectrum efficiency achieved by QPSK to 128 QAM selectable
technology.
• Allowing smaller antennas and reducing system cost.

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MAIN FEATURES
Easy and Quick Installation
• Interconnection : Only one coaxial cable and automatic equalization
• Very Compact and Light
• Various mounting methods for IDU, ODU and Antenna
• Easy Antenna direction adjustment
• Graphical User Interface for installation and monitoring
Frequency Agility and Easy Tuning
• Field tunable local oscillator (Synthesizer)
• RF point frequency can be changed through Local Craft Terminal (LCT).
• Sub-band of type is changeable by replacing RF Filter.

System Flexibility
• Non-protected (1+0) or Protected (1+1)
• 1+1 Hot Standby / Space Diversity / Twin Path System with Hitless switch
• IDU is used commonly for 6 - 52 GHz
• Software settable Modulation (QPSK/16 QAM/32 QAM/128 QAM) of IDU
• Common ODU for PDH/SDH/LAN, also Co-Channel Dual Polarization system
• Wide Input Line Voltage range is -40.5 to -57 VDC
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Maintenance Facilities
• Local and remote supervision function on IDU through LCT or PNMTj
• Remote monitoring of ODU operating condition on IDU through
PNMTj
• Full front access at IDU for all cabling and user interface
• Loop back facility -Near end baseband, Far end baseband IF loop back
• Pre-settable BER alarm point: 10-3, 10-4 or 10-5 (ext. alarm/AIS
injection point).

APS (Automatic Protection Switch) function (Option)


APS realizes optical line protection for STM-1. This is simplified from conventional
MSP (Multiplex Section Protection) function in order to fit RST mode equipment
(ITU-T G.841, Non-revertive Mode).

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XPIC (Cross Polarization Interference Canceller)
PASOLINK NEO can improve its transmission capacity up to dual STM-1 in 28 MHz (27.5
MHz for 18 GHz band) bandwidth by using XPIC technology. In case of this capacity
upgrading from one STM-1 system, the additional parts are dual polarized antenna, one
more ODU/ IDU set, some XPIC cable kit and additional firmware. The upgrading can be
realized with existing STM-1 equipment.

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Other Tools and Materials

1. LCT- Local Craft Terminal (LCT) is the simple provisioning and maintenance terminal for
PASOLINK+ system. LCT connects to the IDU. The LCT can control all functions and
measures all monitor levels.

2. PNMS - NEC can provide an Element Network Management tool (PNMS: PASOLINK Network
Management System). These tools can be used for maintenance and performance
monitoring. These tools consist of software for UNIX or WINDOWS NT® OS.

3. Coaxial Cable (Interconnection between IDU and ODU)- The 5D-FB, 8D-FB, 10D-FB
or 12D-FB coaxial cable (Low loss 50 ohms) serves as the interconnection between the
transmitter-receiver (ODU) and baseband unit (IDU). The cable exchanges I/O data signals,
DC power, alarm signals, control signals for frequency and TX power, RX level and ODU
primary voltage monitoring signals and a pair of order wire signals. Due to the use of
different IF (Intermediate Frequency) for TX and RX, a single coaxial cable is sufficient.
This results in faster and easier installation.

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4. Power Supply Voltage- The nominal power supply voltage is ±48 VDC. The
guaranteed range of the same unit is sufficient for nominal voltage of ±36 to ±60 V (±48
V) as well. In this way, commonality between modules is achieved throughout the
network even if different DC voltages are applied at different locations. (±24 VDC
power supply is available as an option.)

5. PASOLINK MONITOR (OPTION)- PASOLINK MONITOR is used for receiving


signal level monitor and ODU-IDU/ODU-ODU EOW system. This is an installation tool
for antenna direction pointing. (Receiving level can be measured as voltage by
voltmeter without PASOLINK MONITOR.)

6. Head set- Head set is used for EOW system.

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PANEL LIST

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COMPATIBILITY AMONG PASOLINK FAMILY

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NEO & EXISTING EQUIPMENTS.

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IDU & ODU Compatibility

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Equipment Menu (PASOLINK NEO)

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INSTALLATION & INSTRUCTION

Before going to site check list :


Before going to any site, please be sure you completely prepared the following
items:
1- The installation tools.
2- The test equipment ,materials ,and tools.( for test work only)
3- Site installation drawings.
4- All labels/stickers (hard and soft copy)
5- Frequency plan and system configuration documents.
6- Test procedure and test data sheets .( for test work only)
7- Confirm access to site/station.
8- Check the condition of the vehicle to be used.
9- Make sure you and your staff are in good conditions (physically)
10- Confirm the site/station entrance conditions.
11- Arrive to site/station safely.

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Installation Flow Chart

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IDU Mounting
The installation procedure for the IDU is shown below.
(a) Accessories Required- Screwdriver
(b) Procedure for Mounting and Dismounting
(1) Mounting- Mounting method of IDU is shown in Fig. 2-11.
(2) Dismounting- For dismounting IDU (if necessary), use the following
procedure.
Step Procedure
1 Hold the IDU so that it does not drop, and remove two screws
each from both sides.
2 Take out the IDU from the 19-inch rack.
STEP1: Align the IDU to the mount position on the
19-inch rack.
Step2: Fix each side of the IDU to the rack with the two screws(M5)
Step3: To mount the IDU in a 19-inchrack ,allow space more than 200mm to
the rear section and space for one unit to the top and bottom.

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Mounting of ODU and ANT.:
There are two different cases as follows:
1- The ODU is direct mounted to the antenna.
2- The ODU is mounted with a separate bracket.
According to which case you have ,you will follow the assembling
procedure included with each antenna
And you will know how to fix that ODU.
Note:
In case two you have to install an additional RF cable between the
ODU and the Antenna.
The tools required:
Wrench, Monkey wrench or Torque wrench , and suitable
screwdriver.
ODU Demounting (if necessary):
1- Remove the four fixed bolts from the ODU.
2- Then demount the ODU.

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Cable Termination

In the following, list of tools and material and the method for cable termination are
described.
The following cables are described for reference.
• BNC connector
• D-sub connector
• N-P connector
• Molex M5557-4R connector
Note: Use ISO standardized screw (mm unit) for D-SUB connector.
The necessary tools and materials are summarized as follow.
Tools and Material List
1 .Soldering Iron
2 .Knife
3 .Measure
4 .Wire Stripper
5 .Adjustable Wrench
6 .Hand Crimping Tool (CL250-0012-2/CL250-0013-5)For D-Sub connector
(57026-5000/57027-5000)For Molex connector
7 .Solder

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Terminating Coaxial (Baseband Signal) Cable with BNC Connector

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Terminating Coaxial (Baseband Signal) Cable with BNC Connector

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Terminating Coaxial (IF Signal) Cables with N-P Connector:

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Terminating Coaxial (IF Signal) Cables with N-P Connector:

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Terminating Coaxial (IF Signal) Cables with N-P Connector:

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Cable and Terminal Connections
During cables and terminal connections, refer to the following connecting method.

(a) Connect baseband signal cable(s)


Align the BNC connector guide groove to the other connector guide ridge and turn
the connector cap clockwise fully until it is locked firmly.
(b) Connect IF signal cable
Connect the connector and tighten it by turning the tightening ring clockwise.
(c) Connect supervisory cable(s)
Take care to connect the D-sub connector the right way round and fix it with two
screws (M3).
(d) Connect power supply cable
Take care to catch the Molex connector the right way round.
(e) Connect terminal
Take care to connect the D-sub connector the right way round and fix it with two
screws (M3).

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Antenna Alignment

• Pan the antenna by Multi-meter & LCT

+3.45V
Multi-Meter
RSSI or AGC
ODU Voltage
IF CABLE

RSSI/VAGC

1st Side Lobe Azimuth


Main beam
IDU

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Antenna Alignment (Horizontal)

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Antenna Alignment (Up and Down)
Up and Down Misaligned

Reflecting Ground or Specular Plane

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THANK YOU FOR READING IT

HAVE A GOOD DAY

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