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Name: shen

Exercise 10: Acid-Base Balance: Activity 1: Hyperventilation Lab Report

Pre-lab Quiz Results


You scored 100% by answering 4 out of 4 questions correctly.

1. The fastest compensatory mechanism for maintaining pH homeostasis in the human body is
You correctly answered: c. the chemical buffering system.

2. An increase in hydrogen ion concentration would


You correctly answered: d. decrease pH.

3. The amount of carbon dioxide in the blood is measured in


You correctly answered: b. mm Hg.

4. The reaction of water and carbon dioxide is catalyzed by


You correctly answered: a. carbonic anhydrase.

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Experiment Results
Predict Question:
Predict Question: What do you think will happen to the pH and PCO2 levels with hyperventilation?
Your answer : c. pH will increase and PCO2 will decrease.

Stop & Think Questions:


Were the pH and PCO2 in the normal range?
You correctly answered: c. Both pH and PCO2 were in the normal range.

What was the effect of returning to normal breathing after hyperventilation?


You correctly answered: b. The breathing stopped temporarily to retain carbon dioxide.

Experiment Data:

Condition Min PCO2 Max PCO2 Min pH Max pH


Normal 40 40 7.40 7.40
Hyperventilation 19.7 40 7.4 7.69
Hyperventilation / Normal 35.3 40 7.38 7.46

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Post-lab Quiz Results
You scored 100% by answering 4 out of 4 questions correctly.

1. Hyperventilation results in
You correctly answered: b. respiratory alkalosis.

2. With hyperventilation, the higher peaks on the tracing indicate


You correctly answered: a. a larger volume of air.

3. Which of the following is not a potential cause of respiratory alkalosis?


You correctly answered: d. emphysema

4. The kidneys can compensate for respiratory alkalosis by


You correctly answered: b. retaining H+ and excreting bicarbonate ion.

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Review Sheet Results
1. Describe the normal ranges for pH and carbon dioxide in the blood.
You did not answer this question.

2. Describe what happened to the pH and the carbon dioxide level with hyperventilation. How well did the results compare
with your prediction?
You did not answer this question.

3. Explain how returning to normal breathing after hyperventilation differed from hyperventilation without returning to
normal breathing.
You did not answer this question.

4. Describe some possible causes of respiratory alkalosis.


You did not answer this question.

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