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1415 F.

6 First Term Test Maths (Compulsory Part) Solutions


6 5 5. Let C = k1r + k 2 r 2 ,
1. (a) 7− = where k1 and k 2 are
a b
constants.
6 5 k1 (20) + k 2 (20 2 ) = 60
=7−
a b k1 + 20k 2 = 3 …(1)
k1 (36) + k 2 (36 2 ) = 180
6 7b − 5 k1 + 36k 2 = 5 …(2)
=
a b (2)−(1) 16k 2 = 2
k 2 = 0.125 …(3)
6b
a= Sub (3) into (1), k1 = 0.5
7b − 5 ∴ C = 0.5r + 0.125r 2
3 marks The cost of the water bucket
2. (a) 2
x − 6x + 5 > 0 = 0.5(48) + 0.125(48) 2
( x − 1)( x − 5) > 0 = $312
x < 1 or x > 5 4 marks
(b) The solution is 6. (a) f (3) = 0
x ≤ 4 or x > 5 33 + a(3) 2 − 5(3) + 6 = 0
3 marks a = −2
(b) f ( x) = x 3 − 2 x 2 − 5 x + 6
 a1 + d = 19 ...(1) = ( x − 3)( x 2 + x − 2)
3. (a)  = ( x − 3)( x − 1)( x + 2)
a1 + 4d = 40 ...(2)
5 marks
4×(1)−(2): 3a1 = 36 7. (a) The coordinates of Q are
a1 = 12  −4 −6
(b) Q 12 + d = 19 − ,−  , i.e. (2, 3)
 2 2 
d =7
n r = 2 2 + 32 − (−17) = 30
[2(12) + (n − 1)(7)] = 360 (b) QP
2
= (6 − 2) 2 + (0 − 3) 2
7n 2 + 17n − 720 = 0
(n − 9)(7 n + 80) = 0 = 5 < 30
80 ∴ P lies inside C .
n = 9 or n = − (rejected) (c) Slope of QP
7
0−3 3
∴n = 9 = =−
6 marks 6−2 4
4. (a) Put y = 0, Slope of the chord
− x 2 + 4x + 5 = 0  3 4
x2 − 4x − 5 = 0 = −1 ÷  −  =
 4 3
( x − 5)( x + 1) = 0
x = 5 or x = −1 (rejected) ∴The equation of the chord is
∴ The coordinates of B are y−0 4
=
(5, 0). x−6 3
(b) y = − x 2 + 4x + 5 4 x − 3 y − 24 = 0
y = −( x 2 − 4 x ) + 5 7 marks
y = −( x 2 − 4 x + 4 − 4) + 5 8. (a) Number of ways
y = −( x − 2) 2 + 9 = C510
∴ The coordinates of R are = 252
(2, 9). (b) Number of ways
(c) Put x = 0, y = 5 = C38 × 2
∴ The coordinates of C are = 112
(0, 5). 4 marks
The area of OCRB
(5 + 9)(2) 3(9) 55
= + =
2 2 2
7 marks
9. (a) Mean = 39 At (0, 0),
Median = 36 P = 2100(0) + 3500(0) = 0
Range = 33 At (0, 240),
(bi) Let x be the sum of ages. P = 2100(0) + 3500(240)
(39)(23) − 32 + x = 840000
= 38 At (315, 30),
25
P = 2100(315) + 3500(30)
x = 85 = 766500
∴ the sum of the ages is 85. At (350, 0),
(bii) {24, 24, 37} and {24, 25, 36} P = 2100(350) + 3500(0)
8 marks = 735000
10. (a) P(member in A) ∴ The maximum total profit is
50 1 $840000
= =
200 4 Let x and y be the number of
(bi) P(both member) Galaxy and Galaxy Plus
manufactured respectively.
70 69 483 Now, the constraints are
= ⋅ =
200 199 3980 2 x + 3 y ≤ 720 and
(bii) P(sum ≥ $600) 12 x + 14 y ≤ 4200
= 1 − P(BB) (i.e. 6 x + 7 y ≤ 2100 ) ,
where x and y are non-negative
120 119 638
= 1− ⋅ = integers.
200 199 995 Let the total profit be $P.
(biii) P(both member | sum ≥ $600) Then P = 2100 x + 3500 y
P(both member I sum ≥ $600) = 700(3x + 5 y )
= Consider the straight line
P(sum ≥ $600)
L: 3x + 5 y = k , where k is a
50 ⋅ 49 2 ⋅ 50 ⋅ 20 constant.
+
= 200 ⋅ 199 200 ⋅199 For constant x, P increases as y
638
increases. Hence P increases as
995
L is slid upwards.
445 3
= Slope of L = −
2552 5
P(both member | sum ≥ $600)
2
50 ⋅ 49 + 2 ⋅ 50 ⋅ 20 Slope of L1 = −
= 3
200 ⋅199 − 120 ⋅119
6
445 Slope of L2 = −
= 7
2552
Q slope of L < slope of L1 < slope of L2
7 marks ∴ P attains its maximum value
11. (a) The equation of L1 is at the point (0, 240).
y − 240 0 − 240 ∴ the maximum profit
=
x−0 360 − 0 = 2100(0) + 3500(240)
2 x + 3 y − 720 = 0 = $840000
10 marks
x ≥ 0
y ≥ 0

(b) 
2 x + 3 y ≤ 720
6 x + 7 y ≤ 2100
(c) Let x and y be the number of
Galaxy and Galaxy Plus
manufactured respectively.
Now, the constraints are
2 x + 3 y ≤ 720 and
12 x + 14 y ≤ 4200
(i.e. 6 x + 7 y ≤ 2100 ) ,
where x and y are non-negative
integers.
Let the total profit be $P.
Then P = 2100 x + 3500 y
Note that the vertices of the
shaded region are (0, 0),
(0, 240), (315, 30) and (350, 0).
12. (ai) The required amount
= [10000(1.05) + 10000(1.2)](1.05)
= 10000[(1.05) 2 + (1.2)(1.05)]
= $23625
(aii) The required amount
= [23525 + 10000(1.2) 2 ](1.05)
= $39926.25
(b) The required amount
= 10000[(1.05) n + (1.2)(1.05) n −1
+ ... + (1.2) n −1 (1.05)]
n
 1.2 
  −1
n  1.05 
= 10000(1.05)
1 .2
−1
1.05
n
8
  −1
n 7
= 10000(1.05)
1
7

 8  n 
= $70000(1.05) n   − 1
 7  

 8  n 
(c) 70000(1.05) n   − 1
 7  

> 350000(1.05) n
n
8
  >6
7
8
n log > log 6
7
n > 13.4
∴ The least value of n is 14.
11 marks
pp − 1, u − 1