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449

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
Carbon Based Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .450 Engineering Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .462
Fullerenes & Carbon Nanotubes: Polyamides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .462
See Nanomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .379 Polyesters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .463
Ceramics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451 Polyimides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .463
Carbides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451 Polysulfones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .463
Nitrides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451 Polysilsesquioxanes:
Oxides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .452 See Nanomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .393
Ceramic Oxides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .452 Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers . . . . . . . . . . .464
Metallic Oxides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .453 HALS (Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers) . . . . . . . . . .468
Metal-Oxide Nanopowders:
See Ceramic Nanopowders . . . . . . . . . . . .376
Sulfides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459
Ceramic Sulfides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459
Metallic Sulfides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .460
Wide Band-Gap Semiconductors:
See Materials for Thin Films/Microelectronics . . .348
450

Structural materials encompass a wide range of compounds from


metals and alloys to ceramics. Some compounds can find very University Press: New York, 1990; p32. (8) Saunders, K.J. Organic
unexpected applications. Polymer Chemistry, 2nd ed.; Chapman and Hall: New York, 1988,
pp281-285. (9) Edwards, K.L. Materials and Design 1998, 19, 57.
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

Ceramics
Carbon Based Materials
Ceramics are nonmetallic, inorganic materials typically formed as
powders and often sintered into useful forms. They encompass a wide Activated charcoal
range of structures from amorphous to polycrystalline or even single (Charcoal activated)
crystals. They are typically very hard but rigid, and tend to break under CAS No. 7440-44-0
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

mechanical stress. Since they are nonmetallic, they are usually electrically C FW 12.01
nonconductive or wide band-gap semiconductors but can be doped to
decrease the band-gap to the semiconductor regime. They are often . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
noted for their thermal stability at high temperatures. 48,415-6 glassy, spherical powder, 10-40 mm, 10 g
99.99+% 50 g
S: 22-24/25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Silicon carbide for example has excellent high-temperature
48,416-4 glassy, spherical powder, 2-12 mm, 10 g
characteristics but due to its brittleness has limited utility as a structural
99.99+% 50 g
material. Micron-thin coatings of alumina (Al2O3) on SiC platelets gives a S: 22-24/25
composite which is 2–3 times stronger than traditional SiC ceramics. The . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
result is a stress- and oxidation-resistant material for high-temperature 39,012-7 Purified by from resistive heating of 1g
structural applications.1 Silicon carbide is also used to enhance the graphite 5g
properties of other structural materials. Titanium composites inlaid with Fullerene yield 5-10% 25 g
SiC monofilaments yield a stiff, strong, thermally stable structural R: 10-36/37/38 S: 26-36
material used in aircraft components.2
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

Diamond

Alumina is a common and versatile structural ceramic due to its CAS No. 7782-40-3
R: 43 S: 36
chemical, electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties. It possesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
poor fracture resistance, however. The addition of yttria stabilized 48,357-5 natural monocrystalline powder, 1 mm, 1 g
zirconia to alumina significantly improves the fracture toughness of 99.9% 5g
Al2O3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48,359-1 synthetic monocrystalline powder, 1 mm, 1 g
99.9% 5g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48,360-5 synthetic monocrystalline powder, 1g
50 mm, 99.9% 5g
Engineering Polymers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48,358-3 synthetic polycrystalline powder, 1 mm, 1 g
Enginnering polymer are materials with exceptional mechanical 99.9% 5g
properties such as stiffness, toughness, and low creep that makes them
valuable in the manufacture of structural products like gears, bearing, Graphite
electronic devices, and auto parts.4-6 Typical engineering plastics include
CAS No. 7782-42-5
acetals, polyamides, poly(amide-imide)s, polyarylates, poly(ether
C FW 12.01
etherketone)s, poly(ether-imides)s, poly(phenylene oxide)s,
poly(phenylene sulfide)s, and polysulfones.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33,246-1 flake 2.5 kg
R: 36/37 S: 22-26-36 12 kg
Polyamides are crystalline and have good impact strength, toughness, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
and abrasion resistance. Polyesters are often used with fillers like 49,653-7 rod, length 150 mm, diam. 3 mm, 43.5 g
fiberglass, mica, and minerals to increase strength and stiffness. Sulfone- 99.999%, low density
R: 36/37 S: 26-36
containing polymers show high resistance to acids and alkalis. These . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
thermally stable polymers are used in electronic connectors, circuit 49,654-5 rod, diam. 3 mm, length 150 mm, 60 g
boards, sterilizable items, and appliance covers.8 Polyimides have 99.995%
outstanding thermal properties. Additionally, thermoplastics, R: 36/37 S: 26-36
thermosets, and rubbers have significant applications as engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
polymers.9 49,655-3 rod, length 150 mm, diam. 6 mm, 180.7 g
99.999%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (low density) (lit.)
References (1) http://www.lbl.gov/msd/PIs/DeJonge/94Hi.html
R: 36/37 S: 26-36
(accessed 3/31/03). (2) Williams, J.C. The Production, Behavior and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application of Ti Alloys, pp 85-134; In High Performance Materials in 49,656-1 rod, length 150 mm, diam. 6 mm, 240.5 g
Aerospace; Flower, H.M., ed.; Chapman & Hall, London; 1995. (3) 99.995%
Mangalaraja, R.V. et al. Mat. Sci. Eng. A 2003, 343, 71. (4) Alger, Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 g/mL (lit.)
M.S.M., Ed. Polymer Science Dictionary; Elsevier Science: New York, R: 36/37 S: 26-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1989. (5) Seymour, R.B.; Carraher, C.E., Jr. Polymer Chemistry: An
49,659-6 powder, -325 mesh, 99.999% 113.4 g
Introduction, 3rd ed.; Marcel Dekker: New York, 1992; p 243. (6) Odian, R: 36/37 S: 22-26-36
G. Principles of Polymerization, 3rd ed.; John Wiley & Sons, 1991; p100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
(7) Stevens, M.P. Polymer Chemistry: An Introduction, 2nd ed.; Oxford 49,658-8 powder, -100 mesh, 99.99+% 113.4 g
R: 36/37 S: 22-26-36
451
Carbon Based Materials

28,286-3 powder, 20 mm, synthetic 25 g


R: 36/37 S: 22-26-36 1 kg Silicon carbide
Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes See: Carbon Nanotubes &

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
Fullerenes Page 379 CAS No. 409-21-2
SiC FW 40.10
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.22 g/mL (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ceramics 35,739-1 -400 mesh 250 g
hexagonal phase 1 kg
For wide band-gap semiconductors See: Semiconductors Page 348 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
For an application overview and listing of ultra-pure inorganics and 37,809-7 200-450 mesh 250 g
metals for high-technology please request your copy of the AAPL, 1 kg
Aldrich-APL brochure.
Tantalum carbide

Carbides 28,080-1 CAS No. 12070-06-3 10 g

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


TaC FW 193.0
Aluminum carbide 5 mm, 99%

24,187-3 CAS No. 1299-86-1 25 g Titanium carbide


Al4C3 FW 144.0 100 g
powder, -325 mesh 500 g 30,780-7 CAS No. 12070-08-5 100 g
cubic phase TiC FW 59.88 500 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.36 g/mL (lit.) -325 mesh, 98%
R: 11-15-36/37/38 S: 16-26-33-36/37/39 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.93 g/mL (lit.)
S: 16-22
Boron carbide
Tungsten carbide
CAS No. 12069-32-8
CB4 FW 55.25 24,188-1 CAS No. 12070-12-1 100 g
R: 20 S: 22-36/37/39-38 WC FW 195.9 500 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . powder, 10 mm, 99%
37,811-9 powder, 10 mm 50 g S: 22-24/25
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.51 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vanadium carbide
37,810-0 powder, -200 mesh 100 g
500 g 33,632-7 CAS No. 12070-10-9 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24,186-5 -60-+230 mesh 100 g VC FW 62.95 100 g
500 g powder, 1.5-2 mm
R: 20/21/22 S: 36
Calcium carbide
Zirconium carbide

800.558.9196 (USA)
27,029-6 CAS No. 75-20-7 25 g
33,635-1 CAS No. 12070-14-3 50 g
C2Ca FW 64.10 500 g
CHZr FW 104.2 250 g
~80%, pieces, Technical Grade, 2 kg
powder, 5 mm, 99%
thickness ca. 8 mm
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22 g/mL (lit.) cubic phase
R: 15 S: 8-43 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.73 g/mL (lit.)
R: 11-20/21/22 S: 16-27-33-36/37/39
Chromium carbide
40,268-0 CAS No. 12012-35-0 50 g
Nitrides Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
Cr3C2 FW 180.0 250 g Aluminum nitride nanopowder See: Ceramic Nanopowders Page
376
-325 mesh

Hafnium carbide Boron nitride


39,957-4 CAS No. 12069-85-1 5g 25,547-5 CAS No. 10043-11-5 10 g
HfC FW 190.5 25 g BN FW 24.82 50 g
-325 mesh powder, 1 mm, 99% 250 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.29 g/mL (lit.)
Molybdenum carbide R: 36/37 S: 26-36

39,953-1 CAS No. 12069-89-5 50 g Calcium nitride


Mo2C FW 203.9 250 g
-325 mesh 41,510-3 CAS No. 12013-82-0 25 g
Ca3N2 FW 148.2 100 g
Niobium carbide 99%, 200 mesh
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.63 g/mL (lit.)
34,323-4 CAS No. 12069-94-2 25 g R: 11-29-34 S: 16-22-26-36/37/39-45
NbC FW 104.9
5 mm, 97%
Silicon carbide nanopowder See: Ceramic Nanopowders Page 376
452
Ceramics
Nitrides

Chromium nitride 34,265-3 fused, powder, Primarily a-phase, 100 g


99+%, 100-200 mesh 1 kg
40,267-2 CAS No. 12053-27-9 50 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.97 g/mL (lit.)
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

Cr2N FW 118.0 250 g R: 37 S: 22-36


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
-325 mesh 34,266-1 Primarily a-phase, fused, 200- 100 g
325 mesh, 99+% 1 kg
Germanium nitride Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.97 g/mL (lit.)
R: 37 S: 22-36
44,755-2 CAS No. 12065-36-0 1g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ge3N4 FW 273.9 5g 30,911-7 granular, 4-8 mesh 250 g
99.99+% Desiccant form 1 kg
solid R: 37 S: 22-36
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >850 C (D) (lit.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.35 g/mL (lit.) 41,406-9 pellets, 3 mm 250 g


R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 1 kg
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Magnesium nitride 22,942-3 powder, 99.99% 25 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.) 100 g
R: 37 S: 22-36
41,511-1 CAS No. 12057-71-5 10 g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mg3N2 FW 100.9 50 g 31,976-7 powder, -100 mesh, 99.9% 25 g
99.5+%, 325 mesh Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.97 g/mL (lit.) 100 g
cubic phase R: 37 S: 22-36
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.71 g/mL (lit.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 26,549-7 powder, 10 mm, 99.7% 25 g
Suitable for ceramic and refractory 500 g
applications. 2.5 kg
Oxides Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 g/mL (lit.)
R: 37 S: 22-36
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ceramic Oxides 34,275-0 Primarily a-phase, sintered, pieces, 50 g
3 mm, 99.8% 250 g
Aluminum oxide Suitable for vacuum deposition.
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.)
(Alumina) R: 37 S: 22-36
CAS No. 1344-28-1 Other aluminum oxides See: Mesoporous Molecular Sieves Page 377
Al2O3 FW 102.0
For column chromatography Calcium carbonate
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,260-6 99.998% 5g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.) 20 g
CAS No. 471-34-1
R: 37 S: 22-36 CaCO3 FW 100.1
100 g R: 37/38-41 S: 26-39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,271-8 calcined, powder, Primarily a-phase, 100 g 48,180-7 99.999+% 5g
99+%, 100-325 mesh solid 25 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.)
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~800 C (dec.) (lit.)
R: 37 S: 22-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.93 g/mL (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,272-6 calcined, powder, Primarily a-phase, 100 g 20,293-2 99.995+% 5g
150-325 mesh Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.93 g/mL (lit.) 25 g
R: 37 S: 22-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,269-6 Primarily a-phase, calcined, 100- 100 g
39,810-1 chelometric standard, ACS reagent, 100 g
400 mesh, 99+%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.)
99.95-100.05% as dry basis 500 g
NH4OH pptd.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01%
R: 37 S: 22-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . insol. dil. HCl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .£0.01%
23,474-5 Corundum, a-phase, -100 mesh, 99% 25 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.93 g/mL (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.) 500 g Cl-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.001%
R: 37 S: 22-36 F-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.0015%
2.5 kg
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SO42-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.005%
34,274-2 fused, 99.99%, 6-12 mesh 25 g Ba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01%
Fe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.002%
Suitable for vacuum deposition. 250 g
Heavy metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.001%
Primarily a-phase K. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.)
Mg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01%
R: 37 S: 22-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Na. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01%
34,276-9 fused, pieces, 3-12 mm, 99.99% 25 g Sr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.1%
Suitable for vacuum deposition.
Primarily a-phase
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.97 g/mL (lit.)
R: 37 S: 22-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,268-8 fused, powder, Primarily a-phase, - 100 g
325 mesh, 10 mm, 99+% 1 kg
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.97 g/mL (lit.)
R: 37 S: 22-36
453
Ceramics
Oxides: Ceramic Oxides

25,650-1 low in alkalies, 99+%, ACS reagent 100 g 34,277-7 fused, chips, -4 mesh, 99.9% 25 g
99.0+% 500 g Suitable for vacuum deposition. 100 g
NH4OH pptd.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.58 g/mL (lit.)

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
Cl-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.001% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
F-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.0015% 34,279-3 -325 mesh, 99+% (Purity based on 250 g
SO42-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.005% metallic impurity content.) 1 kg
Ba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% Weight of unit is 10% in excess of stated
Fe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.002% weight
Heavy metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.001% Loss on ignition. . . . . . 10%, 1000C (absorbed H2O and CO2)
K. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% 34,282-3 fused, -40 mesh, 99+% 100 g
Na. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.58 g/mL (lit.)
Sr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.1% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
insolubles (6.67% dil. HCl). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% 34,281-5 fused, 95+%, 150-325 mesh 100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suitable for plasma spraying
23,921-6 powder, ‡99.0%, ACS reagent 100 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.58 g/mL (lit.)
insol. dil. HCl. . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% 500 g
water-soluble titr. Base. . .£0.002 meq/g 6 · 500 g Silicon dioxide

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


oxidizers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.005% 1 kg
NH4OH pptd.. . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% CAS No. 60676-86-0
2.5 kg
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .825 C (lit.)
SiO2 FW 60.08
Cl-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.001%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.6 g/mL (lit.)
F-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.0015%
S: 22-24/25
SO42-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.005% 20,435-8 99.995+% 5g
Fe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.003% May contain adsorbed H2O and CO2 20 g
Heavy metals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.001%
which is removable by calcining at 100 g
K. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.01%
Mg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.02% >900C
NH4+. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.003% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Na. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.1%
34,286-6 fused, pieces, 3-12 mm, 99.99% 25 g
Sr. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.1%
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suitable for vacuum deposition.
31,003-4 powder, 10 mm, 98% 100 g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.93 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34,285-8 fused, pieces, 4 mm, 99.99% 25 g
55,294-1 random crystals, optical grade 25 g Suitable for vacuum deposition. 250 g
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 825 C (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,283-1 fused, granules, 99.9%, 4-16 mesh 100 g
Germanium(IV) oxide 1 kg
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48,300-1 (Germanium dioxide) 10 g 34,289-0 -325 mesh, 99.6% 100 g
CAS No. 1310-53-8 50 g May contain adsorbed H2O and CO2 1 kg
GeO2 FW 104.6 which is removable by calcining at
99.9999% >900C

800.558.9196 (USA)
solid
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.22 g/mL (lit.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R: 22 38,126-8 99.8% 100 g
May contain adsorbed H2O and CO2 500 g
Indium(III) oxide which is removable by calcining at >900C
surface area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380 m2/g
CAS No. 1312-43-2
In2O3 FW 277.6
Vapor pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <0.01 mm Hg ( 25 C) Silicon monoxide
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33,682-3 CAS No. 10097-28-6 10 g
Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
20,342-4 99.999% 5g SiO FW 44.08 100 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.179 g/mL (lit.) 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pieces, 3-6 mm, 99.99%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
28,941-8 99.99% 10 g
50 g
Thallium(III) oxide
Magnesium oxide 21,474-4 CAS No. 1314-32-5 50 g
CAS No. 1309-48-4 Tl2O3 FW 456.8 250 g
MgO FW 40.30 99%
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 717 C (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R: 26/28-33-51/53 S: 13-28-45-61
52,969-9 99.999% 10 g
solid 50 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.58 g/mL (lit.) Metallic Oxides
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Metal-oxide nanopowders See: Ceramic Nanopowders Page 376
20,371-8 99.99% 5g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.58 g/mL (lit.) 25 g
100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,278-5 fused, pieces, 3-12 mm, 99.95% 25 g
454
Ceramics
Oxides: Metallic Oxides

Barium calcium tungsten oxide Cerium(IV) oxide


41,495-6 CAS No. 15552-14-4 25 g CAS No. 1306-38-3
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

Ba2CaWO6 FW 594.6 100 g CeO2 FW 172.1


99.9% S: 22-24/25
R: 20/22 S: 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,297-5 99.999% 10 g
Barium oxide Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.132 g/mL (lit.) 50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAS No. 1304-28-5 21,157-5 powder, 5 mm, 99.9% 100 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.132 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
BaO FW 153.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.72 g/mL (lit.)
34,295-5 fused, pieces, 3-6 mm, 99.9% 50 g
R: 20/22 S: 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,834-1 90% 100 g
28,849-7 97% 5g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.13 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
adsorbed H2O/CO2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4% 50 g
250 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chromium(III) oxide
22,360-3 Technical Grade, 90% 25 g
500 g CAS No. 1308-38-9
2 kg Cr2O3 FW 152.0
Used in a solid-state reaction to form the new ternary oxide,
Barium strontium tungsten oxide CrVMoO7, which should find application in selective oxidation.
Its crystal structure was also determined.
41,516-2 CAS No. 14871-56-8 25 g R: 20/21/22-36/37/38-43 S: 26-37/39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ba2SrWO6 FW 642.1 100 g 20,306-8 99.9% 5g
99.8% Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.21 g/mL (lit.) 25 g
R: 20/22 S: 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

34,296-3 fused, pieces, 3-6 mm, 99+% 50 g


Bismuth(III) oxide Suitable for vacuum deposition.
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.21 g/mL (lit.)
CAS No. 1304-76-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bi2O3 FW 466.0 20,216-9 powder, 1 mm, 98+% 100 g
Preparation of new stabilized, oxide ion-conducting, bismuth Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.21 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
vanadate phases by a microwave assisted method, from V2O5, 2 kg
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bi2O3 and other solid oxides, was reported. These ceramics
39,370-3 50 mm, 98+% 100 g
show promise in solid oxide fuel cells, water-vapor electrolyzers
500 g
and oxygen sensors.
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 825 C (lit.)
2 kg
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.9 g/mL (lit.)
S: 22-24/25 Chromium(VI) oxide
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,282-7 99.999% 10 g (Chromic anhydride)
50 g CAS No. 1333-82-0
250 g CrO3 FW 99.99
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.7 g/mL (lit.)
33,595-9 99.99% 10 g R: 49-8-25-35-43-50/53 S: 53-45-60-61
50 g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
250 g 23,265-3 99.9% 5g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195 C (lit.) 100 g
22,389-1 powder, 10 mm, 99.9% 25 g 1 kg
100 g 2.5 kg
500 g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52,357-7 crystals 100 g
Bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196 C (lit.) 1 kg
2.5 kg
36,510-6 (BSCCO 2212) 10 g
CAS No. 114901-61-0 50 g Cobalt(II) oxide
powder, 5 mm
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4 g/mL (lit.) 34,315-3 (cobltous oxide) 10 g
R: 20/21/22-36/37/38 S: 22-26-28-36 CAS No. 1307-96-6 100 g
CoO FW 74.93
Cadmium oxide brown -325 mesh
R: 22-43-50/53 S: 24-37-60-61
CAS No. 1306-19-0
CdO FW 128.4 Copper(I) oxide
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.15 g/mL (lit.)
R: 49-22-48/23/25 S: 53-45 20,882-5 (Cuprous oxide) 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAS No. 1317-39-1 500 g
20,289-4 99.99+% 5g Cu2O FW 143.1 2 kg
25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . powder, 5 mm, 97% 12 kg
24,478-3 powder, 1 mm, 99.5% 100 g contains stabilizer
500 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 g/mL (lit.)
R: 22 S: 22
Calcium oxide See: Oxides Page 48
455
Ceramics
Oxides: Metallic Oxides

Copper(II) oxide Hafnium(IV) oxide


(Q-5 Reactant catalyst; Cupric oxide) CAS No. 12055-23-1

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
CAS No. 1317-38-0 HfO2 FW 210.5
CuO FW 79.55 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.68 g/mL (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S: 22-24/25
45,080-4 powder, 99.995% 10 g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.315 g/mL (lit.) 50 g 20,339-4 99.95+% 1g
5g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32,545-7 99.99+% 10 g 20,211-8 powder, 98% 25 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.32 g/mL (lit.) 100 g 100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45,081-2 powder, 99.99% 25 g Holmium(III) oxide
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.315 g/mL (lit.) 100 g
(Rare earth)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAS No. 12055-62-8

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


41,797-1 14-20 mesh 50 g Ho2O3 FW 377.9
R: 37 S: 36 250 g S: 22-24/25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dysprosium oxide 22,967-9 99.999% 1g
10 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAS No. 1308-87-8
20,844-2 99.9% 10 g
Dy2O3 FW 373.0
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,318-1 99.99+% 5g Iridium(IV) oxide
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.81 g/mL (lit.) 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28,926-4 99.9% 25 g
100 g 20,623-7 Iridium(IV) oxide 1g
CAS No. 12030-49-8 5g
Europium oxide IrO2 FW 224.2
99.9%
CAS No. 1308-96-9
Eu2O3 FW 351.9 39,850-0 Iridium(IV) oxide hydrate 1g
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 CAS No. 30980-84-8 5g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99.9%
32,354-3 99.999% 1g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.42 g/mL (lit.) 5 g Lanthanum oxide
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,326-2 99.99% 1g CAS No. 1312-81-8
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.42 g/mL (lit.) 5 g La2O3 FW 325.8
25 g Precursor to LAMOX fast ion conductors and superconductors.

800.558.9196 (USA)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
28,922-1 99.9% 1g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5g 19,992-3 99.99% 5g
25 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.51 g/mL (lit.) 100 g
500 g
Gadolinium oxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21,161-3 99.9% 250 g
CAS No. 12064-62-9 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.51 g/mL (lit.) 1 kg
Gd2O3 FW 362.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S: 22-24/25 28,920-5 meets analytical specification of 50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ph Eur, BP, USP, FCC, E252, 99.9+% 250 g Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
20,329-7 99.99+% 5g Suitable for use as atomic absorption
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.407 g/mL (lit.) 25 g standard.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27,851-3 99.9% 10 g Lead(IV) oxide
25 g
100 g 51,813-1 (Lead dioxide; Lead (su)peroxide; Lead 10 g
peroxide) 50 g
Gold(III) oxide hydrate CAS No. 1309-60-0
PbO2 FW 239.2
33,405-7 CAS No. 1303-58-8 500 mg
99.999%
Au2O3  xH2O FW 441.9 2.5 g
solid
Au 85-86% R: 61-20/22-33-50/53-62 S: 53-45-60-61
R: 36/38 S: 26-36
456
Ceramics
Oxides: Metallic Oxides

Lead(II) oxide yellow Manganese(IV) oxide


CAS No. 1317-36-8 (Manganese dioxide)
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

PbO FW 223.2 CAS No. 1313-13-9


Vapor pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 mm Hg ( 0 C) MnO2 FW 86.94
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.53 g/mL (lit.) R: 20/22 S: 25
R: 61-20/22-33-50/53-62 S: 53-45-60-61 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24,344-2 99+%, 60-230 mesh 5g
20,361-0 99.999% 10 g mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .535 C (dec.) (lit.) 100 g
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 886 C (lit.) 50 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.026 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21,190-7 powder, 10 mm, 99.9+% 5g 31,070-0 10 mm, 90+% 500 g
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 888 C (lit.) 100 g
Suitable for use in batteries 2.5 kg
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

500 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.09 g/mL (lit.)

Lutetium (III) oxide Manganese(IV) oxide activated


28,919-1 (Cassiopeium oxide) 1g 21,764-6 (Manganese dioxide) 5g
CAS No. 12032-20-1 5g CAS No. 1313-13-9 100 g
Lu2O3 FW 397.9 MnO2 FW 86.94 500 g
99.9% 5 mm, activated, ~85%
A new AB2O4 phase, LuPd2O4, with potential uses in Suitable for organic oxidations.
superconducting material as well as being of goechemical Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.026 g/mL (lit.)
importance, was formed at elevated pressure and R: 20/22 S: 25
temperature from Lu2O3 and PdO in the presence of
potassium chlorate. Molybdenum(IV) oxide
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
23,476-1 CAS No. 18868-43-4 10 g
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

Manganese(II, III) oxide MoO2 FW 127.9 50 g


99%
37,747-3 CAS No. 1317-35-7 100 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.47 g/mL (lit.)
Mn3O4 FW 228.8 500 g R: 20/21/22-36/37/38 S: 26-36
-325 mesh, 97%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 g/mL (lit.) Nickel oxide
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
CAS No. 1313-99-1
Manganese(II) oxide NiO FW 74.69
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.67 g/mL (lit.)
(Manganese monoxide) R: 49-43-53 S: 53-45-61
CAS No. 1344-43-0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48,179-3 99.999% 5g
MnO FW 70.94
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.45 g/mL (lit.) solid 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R: 20/21/22-36/37/38 S: 26-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39,952-3 green, -325 mesh, 99% 100 g
43,176-1 99.99+% 1g
Packaged under argon 10 g Niobium(II) oxide
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37,720-1 99%, 60-170 mesh 500 g 38,317-1 CAS No. 12034-57-0 10 g
2 kg NbO FW 108.9 50 g
-100 mesh, 99.9%
Manganese(III) oxide R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39

(manganese sesquioxide) Niobium(IV) oxide


CAS No. 1317-34-6
Mn2O3 FW 157.9 38,316-3 CAS No. 12034-59-2 5g
Precursor to LiMn2O4. A useful battery cathode. NbO2 FW 124.9 25 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.5 g/mL (lit.) -200 mesh
References Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.9 g/mL (lit.)
Monge, M.. et al., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 730, 3 (2002) R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Niobium(V) oxide
46,370-1 99.999% 5g
25 g CAS No. 1313-96-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nb2O5 FW 265.8
37,745-7 -325 mesh, 99% 250 g
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
1 kg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,392-0 99.99% 10 g
50 g
250 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,851-5 -325 mesh, 99.9% 25 g
100 g
500 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38,303-1 lumps, 99.8% 5g
25 g
457
Ceramics
Oxides: Metallic Oxides

48,445-8 pore 22 Å, 99.5% (Purity based on trace 1 g 20,517-6 99.9% 10 g


metallic impurities.) 5g 50 g
solid 250 g

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
surface area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .~800 m2/g
Rhenium(IV) oxide
Osmium tetroxide
CAS No. 12036-09-8
20,103-0 (Osmium(VIII)-oxide; ’Osmic acid’) 250 mg O2Re FW 218.2
CAS No. 20816-12-0 500 mg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OsO4 FW 254.2 1g 51,572-8 99.995% 1g
99.8% solid
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Promotes oxidative cleavage of graphene layers in carbon 34,225-4 99.7% 1g
nanotubes creating the possibility of opening ¢windows¢ in 5g
fullerene cages.
Packaged in ampules Rhenium(VI) oxide
Vapor density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.8 (vs air)
Vapor pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 mm Hg ( 20 C)

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


38,099-7 CAS No. 1314-28-9 1g
Vapor pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 mm Hg ( 55 C)
O3Re FW 234.2
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 C/760 mm Hg (lit.)
R: 36/37 S: 22-26-37/39
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39.5-41 C (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.9 g/mL (lit.)
References Rhenium(VII) oxide
Hwang, K.C., J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 173 (1995)
R: 26/27/28-34 S: 26-45-7/9 (Rhenium heptoxide)
CAS No. 1314-68-7
Palladium(II) oxide Re2O7 FW 484.4
Precursor to organorhenium oxides which catalyze olefin
oxidation, metathesis and other transformations.
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 C/760 mm Hg (lit.)
Palladium(II) oxide R: 34 S: 26-27-36/37/39-45
CAS No. 1314-08-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PdO FW 122.4 51,573-6 99.995% 1g
A new AB2O4 phase, LuPd2O4, with potential uses in solid
superconducting material as well as being of goechemical mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 C (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.103 g/mL (lit.)
importance, was formed at elevated pressure and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
temperature from Lu2O3 and PdO in the presence of 26,195-5 99.9+% 1g
potassium chlorate. Chen, B-H. Walker, D. Chem. Mater. mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330 C (lit.) 5 g
1997, 9, 1700.
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 870 C (lit.) Rhodium(III) oxide
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.7 g/mL (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 S: 22-24/25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,397-1 99.998% 1g 20,422-6 Rhodium(III) oxide 500 mg

800.558.9196 (USA)
5g CAS No. 12036-35-0 1g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
52,074-8 Engelhard code S3154, 99.9+% 1g Rh2O3 FW 253.8
solid 5g 99.8%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.2 g/mL (lit.)
Pd 85-87%
20,629-6 Rhodium(III) oxide hydrate 1g
52,075-6 Palladium(II) oxide hydrate 1g
CAS No. 123542-79-0
CAS No. 64109-12-2 5g
Rh 55%
PdO  aq FW 122.4
Engelhard code S3115, 99.9+%
Rhodium(IV) oxide
solid Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com

51,625-2 CAS No. 12137-27-8 1g


Prasedymium(III) oxide RhO2 FW 134.9
99.9%
55,824-9 CAS No. 12036-32-7 10 g
solid
Pr2O3 FW 329.8 50 g
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
99.9%
solid Ruthenium(IV) oxide hydrate
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39
CAS No. 32740-79-7
Praseodymium oxide RuO2  aq FW 133.1
R: 36/38 S: 26-36
CAS No. 12037-29-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pr6O11 FW 1021 46,376-0 99.9% 1g
Used in the solid state synthesis of a remarkable ternary, 5g
reduced molybdenum oxide, Pr4Mo9O18, whose structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
contains previously unknown Mo7, Mo13and Mo19 clusters. The 20,883-3 powder 1g
new cluster product is a small band gap semiconductor. 5g
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,414-5 99.999% 2g
10 g
458
Ceramics
Oxides: Metallic Oxides

Samarium oxide 25,395-2 99.9% 1g


10 g
39,253-7 CAS No. 12060-58-1 5g
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

Sm2O3 FW 348.8 25 g Terbium(III) oxide


99.99%
R: 33 S: 22-24/25 59,050-9 CAS No. 12036-41-8 2g
Tb2O3 FW 365.8 10 g
Scandium oxide 99.99%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
CAS No. 12060-08-1
Sc2O3 FW 137.9 Thulium(III) oxide
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29,402-0 powder, 99.999% 500 mg CAS No. 12036-44-1
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

5g Tm2O3 FW 385.9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
47,091-0 fused, tablet, diam. 10 mm, 99.99+% 1g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5g 20,467-6 99.99% 1g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5g
30,787-4 99.9% 1g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5g 28,916-7 99.9% 1g
5g
Silver(I) oxide
Tin(II) oxide
CAS No. 20667-12-3
Ag2O FW 231.7 51,817-4 CAS No. 21651-19-4 5g
R: 37 S: 36 SnO FW 134.7 25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
99.99%
22,683-1 99.99+% 1g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.143 g/mL (lit.)
solid
5g
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

25 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22,116-3 99% 10 g Tin(IV) oxide
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.22 g/mL (lit.) 50 g
24,465-1 (Stannic oxide) 100 g
250 g
CAS No. 18282-10-5 500 g
Silver(II) oxide SnO2 FW 150.7 2 kg
-325 mesh, 99.9%
22,363-8 CAS No. 1301-96-8 10 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.95 g/mL (lit.)
AgO FW 123.9 50 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.483 g/mL (lit.)
R: 8-36/37/38 S: 26-36 Tungsten(IV) oxide

Strontium oxide 40,050-5 CAS No. 12036-22-5 10 g


O2W FW 215.8 50 g
41,513-8 CAS No. 1314-11-0 10 g -100 mesh
OSr FW 103.6 50 g R: 37 S: 26-36
99.9%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 g/mL (lit.) Tungsten(VI) oxide
R: 14 S: 26-30
23,278-5 (Tungstic anhydride) 100 g
Tantalum(V) oxide CAS No. 1314-35-8 500 g
WO3 FW 231.8 2 kg
CAS No. 1314-61-0 powder, 20 mm, 99+%
Ta2O5 FW 441.9 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.16 g/mL (lit.)
R: 22 S: 36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,453-6 5 mm, 99.99% 10 g Vanadium(III) oxide
50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21,598-8 CAS No. 1314-34-7 5g
38,302-3 lumps, 99% 5g V2O3 FW 149.9 25 g
25 g 98% 100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.87 g/mL (lit.)
30,351-8 99% 25 g
R: 22-24-36/37/38 S: 26-36/37/39-45
100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48,448-2 pore 32 Å 1g Vanadium(IV) oxide
5g
21,582-1 (Vanadium dioxide) 5g
Terbium oxide CAS No. 12036-21-4 20 g
V2O4 100 g
CAS No. 12037-01-3 99.9%
Tb4O7 FW 747.7 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.339 g/mL (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39 R: 36/38 S: 26-37/39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,457-9 99.999% 2g
10 g
459
Ceramics
Oxides: Metallic Oxides

Vanadium(V) oxide Zirconium(IV) oxide, sulfated


CAS No. 1314-62-1

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
V2O5 FW 181.9 mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >300 C (lit.)
Selective ammoxidation catalysts for such reactions as R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
conversion of toluene to benzonitrile or propylene to
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49,925-0 pore 18 Å, 99% (Purity determined on 1g
acrylonitrile were prepared by a sol-gel method from V2O5,
Sb2O3 and high purity hydrogen peroxide. Preparation of new metals basis)
solid
stabilized, oxide ion-conducting, bismuth vanadate phases by a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
microwave assisted method, fromV2O5, Bi2O3 and other solid 49,924-2 pore 32 Å, 99% (Purity determined on 1g
oxides, was reported. These ceramics show promise in solid metals basis)
oxide fuel cells, water-vapor electrolyzers and oxygen sensors. solid
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690 C (lit.)
R: 20/22-37-48/23-51/53-63-68 S: 36/37-38-45-61
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22,189-9 99.6+% 5g
Sulfides
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.357 g/mL (lit.) 250 g

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


1 kg Ceramic Sulfides
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22,379-4 98+% 100 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.35 g/mL (lit.) 500 g Aluminum sulfide
33,318-2 CAS No. 1302-81-4 25 g
Ytterbium oxide Al2S3 FW 150.2
20,488-9 CAS No. 1314-37-0 2g granular, -4 mesh, 98%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.02 g/mL (lit.)
Yb2O3 FW 394.1 10 g S: 26-27-36/37/39
99.99%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.17 g/mL (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
Antimony pentasulfide
43,036-6 (Antimony(V) sulfide) 100 g
Zinc oxide CAS No. 1315-04-4 500 g
Sb2S5 FW 403.8
Technical Grade
Zinc oxide Sb 66%
CAS No. 1314-13-2 Sb2S3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . small amount
ZnO FW 81.39 free sulfur. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . small amount
Employed in the preparation of NaZnSiO3OH, a novel R: 20/22-36/37/38-51/53 S: 26-36-61
chiral framework material which has potential application
in ion exchange, adsorption or catalysis. Antimony(III) sulfide
R: 20 S: 7/9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAS No. 1345-04-6
20,495-1 99.999% 25 g Sb2S3 FW 339.7

800.558.9196 (USA)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.61 g/mL (lit.) 125 g R: 20/21/22-36/37/38-40 S: 26-36/37/39-45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25,575-0 99.99% 100 g 22,946-6 99.995% 5g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.67 g/mL (lit.) 500 g 50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,553-2 powder, 1 mm, 99.9% 100 g 24,456-2 powder 100 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.606 g/mL (lit.) 1 kg 500 g
5 kg
Arsenic(II) sulfide
47,531-9 Zinc oxide hydrate 25 g
CAS No. 55204-38-1 100 g 51,911-1 CAS No. 1303-32-8 25 g Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
97% As2S2 FW 214.0
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >390 C (lit.) 98%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.05 g/mL (lit.) solid
R: 20-36/37/38 S: 36 R: 23/25-50/53 S: 20/21-28-45-60-61

Zirconium(IV) oxide Arsenic(III) sulfide


ZrO2 FW 123.2 CAS No. 1303-33-9
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 As2S3 FW 246.0
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 C (lit.)
20,499-4 99.99% 10 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.43 g/mL (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.89 g/mL (lit.) 100 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . R: 23/25-50/53 S: 20/21-28-45-60-61
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23,069-3 powder, 5 mm, 99% 100 g 44,806-0 99.99+% 20 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.85 g/mL (lit.) 500 g
100 g
2 kg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,270-3 99.9+%, -325 mesh 20 g
37,853-4 diam. 1 cm · thickness 3 mm, 98% 50 g 100 g
tablets
Weight of 1 tablet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 g
Hf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.89 g/mL (lit.)
460
Ceramics
Sulfides: Ceramic Sulfides

Arsenic(V) sulfide Metallic Sulfides


51,910-3 CAS No. 1303-34-0 25 g Barium sulfide
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

As2S5 FW 310.2
99.99+% 52,343-7 CAS No. 21109-95-5 10 g
solid BaS FW 169.4 50 g
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >300 C (lit.) 99.9%
R: 23/25-50/53 S: 20/21-28-45-60-61 solid
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.25 15 C
Cerium(III) sulfide R: 20/22-31-50 S: 28-61

58,727-3 CAS No. 12014-93-6 5g Bismuth(III) sulfide


Ce2S3 FW 376.4 25 g
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

99.99% 33,319-0 CAS No. 1345-07-9 25 g


S: 26-27-36/37/39 Bi2S3 FW 514.2
99%
Gallium(III) sulfide Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.7 g/mL (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39
41,052-7 CAS No. 12024-22-5 1g
Ga2S3 FW 235.6 5g Calcium sulfide
99.99%
solid 40,955-3 CAS No. 20548-54-3 10 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.65 g/mL (lit.) CaS FW 72.14 50 g
R: 34 S: 22-26-27-36/37/39-45 -325 mesh, 99.9+%
R: 31-36/37/38-50 S: 28-61
Germanium(II) sulfide
Copper(I) sulfide
48,453-9 CAS No. 12025-32-0 5g
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

H2GeS FW 106.7 CAS No. 22205-45-4


99.99% Cu2S FW 159.2
solid Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.6 g/mL (lit.)
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615 C (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Indium(III) sulfide red 51,065-3 anhydrous, powder, 99.99% 5g
Packaged under argon in ampules 25 g
30,829-3 CAS No. 12030-24-9 10 g H2O. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <100 ppm
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
In2S3 FW 325.8 50 g 34,245-9 powder, -325 mesh 250 g
99.99% Nonstoichiometric compound. 1 kg
R: 20/21/22-36/37/38 S: 26-36 S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . slight excess

Phosphorus pentasulfide Copper(II) sulfide


23,210-6 (Phosphorus(V) sulfide) 5g CAS No. 1317-40-4
CAS No. 1314-80-3 100 g CuS FW 95.61
P2S5 FW 222.3 1 kg
99% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286-290 C (lit.) 45,082-0 powder, 99.99% 10 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.09 g/mL (lit.) Packaged under argon in ampules 50 g
R: 14-20/22-29-36/37/38 S: 16-26-27-36/37/39 mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 C (D) (lit.)
S Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.6 g/mL (lit.)
P
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SS S 34,246-7 powder, 99+%, -100 mesh 100 g
S P
P S
P S 500 g
S
S
S
Erbium sulfide
58,723-0 CAS No. 12159-66-9 10 g
Er2S3 FW 430.7 50 g
Phosphorus trisulfide R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36

22,390-5 CAS No. 81129-00-2 5g Gold(I) sulfide


P2S3 FW 158.1 25 g
Color. . . . . . . . . . . . . yellow-green to black 39,843-8 CAS No. 1303-60-2 1g
R: 11-20/21/22-32-36/37/38 S: 16-33-36-7/9
Au2S FW 426.0 5g
99.9%
Selenium sulfide R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36

25,771-0 (selenium disulfide) 25 g


Gold(III) sulfide
CAS No. 7488-56-4 100 g
SeS2 FW 143.1 39,844-6 CAS No. 1303-61-3 1g
R: 23/25-33-50/53 S: 20/21-28-45-60-61
Au2S3 FW 490.1 5g
99.9%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
461
Ceramics
Sulfides: Metallic Sulfides

Holmium sulfide Rhenium(VII) sulfide


58,721-4 CAS No. 12162-59-3 1g 22,103-1 CAS No. 12038-67-4 1g

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
Ho2S3 FW 426.1 5g Re2S7 FW 596.9 5g
99.9%
Iron(II) sulfide
Ruthenium(IV) sulfide
(Ferrous sulfide)
CAS No. 1317-37-9 58,742-7 CAS No. 12166-20-0 1g
FeS FW 87.91 RuS2 FW 165.2 5g
R: 31-50 S: 60-61 99.9%
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34,316-1 -100 mesh, 99.9% 10 g solid
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.84 g/mL (lit.) 50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26,870-4 Technical Grade 5g Scandium(III) sulfide
Non-stoichiometric, inhomogeneous 250 g

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


product 1 kg 58,739-7 CAS No. 12166-29-9 500 mg
S3Sc2 FW 186.1
Lanthanum sulfide 99.99%
solid
58,718-4 CAS No. 12031-49-1 2g R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
La2S3 FW 374.0 10 g
99.99% Silver sulfide

Lead(II) sulfide 24,147-4 CAS No. 21548-73-2 5g


Ag2S FW 247.8 25 g
37,259-5 CAS No. 1314-87-0 25 g 99.9%
PbS FW 239.3 100 g mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845 C (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.234 g/mL (lit.)
99.9+%, -200 mesh
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 g/mL (lit.)
R: 61-33-40-48/22-50/53 S: 53-45-60-61
Sodium sulfide
Lithium sulfide
R: 31-34-50 S: 26-45-61
21,324-1 CAS No. 12136-58-2 5g 40,741-0 Sodium sulfide 10 g
Li2S FW 45.95 10 g CAS No. 1313-82-2 50 g
98% 50 g Na2S FW 78.04
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.66 g/mL (lit.) mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 950 C (lit.)
R: 25-31 S: 36/37/39-45 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.86 g/mL (lit.)

Manganese(II) sulfide
43,164-8 Sodium sulfide nonahydrate 50 g

800.558.9196 (USA)
40,094-7 CAS No. 18820-29-6 5g CAS No. 1313-84-4 250 g
MnS FW 87.00 25 g Na2S  9H2O FW 240.2
99.9%, -325 mesh ReagentPlus, ‡98.0%, 99.99+%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 Meets A.C.S. reagent specifications.
Applied in the formation of surface functionalized
Mercury(II) sulfide red cadmium sulfide quantum dots. Veinot, J.G.C. et al.
Chem. Mater. 1997, 9, 2117.
CAS No. 1344-48-5 total metallic impurities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <100 ppm
HgS FW 232.7 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.427 g/mL (lit.)
R: 23/24/25-33-36-50/53 S: 26-28-36/37/39-45-60-61 SO32- and S2O32-. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.1%
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
Fe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passes test
57,410-4 99.999% 25 g NH4+. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £0.005%
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583.5 C (lit.) 100 g
Trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Biotechnology LP.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24,356-6 99% 50 g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40,073-4 50 g Strontium sulfide
Molybdenum(IV) sulfide See: Other Inorganic Compounds Page 162
57,571-2 CAS No. 1314-96-1 5g
SrS FW 119.7 25 g
Palladium(II) sulfide 99.9+%
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >2000 C
39,830-6 CAS No. 12125-22-3 1g R: 31-34 S: 26-36/37/39-45
PdS FW 138.5 5g
99.9% Terbium(III) sulfide
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
58,752-4 CAS No. 12138-11-3 1g
Platinum(IV) sulfide Tb2S3 FW 414.0 5g
99.99%
39,848-9 CAS No. 12038-21-0 1g solid
PtS2 FW 259.2 5g
99.9%
462
Ceramics
Sulfides: Metallic Sulfides

Thallium(I) sulfide Nylon 6/6


30,924-9 CAS No. 1314-97-2 25 g 42,916-3 CAS No. 32131-17-2 250 g
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

Tl2S FW 440.8 [-CO(CH2)4CONH(CH2)6NH-]n FW 262.3 1 kg


R: 26/28-33-51/53 S: 13-28-45-61 pellets 5 kg
Thulium sulfide Nylon 6/9
58,755-9 CAS No. 12166-30-2 1g 18,806-9 CAS No. 28757-63-3 100 g
Tm2S3 FW 434.1 5g (C15H32N2O4)n 250 g
99.99% pellets, 2 mm
solid
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

Nylon 6/12
Tin(II) sulfide 42,927-9 CAS No. 24936-74-1 250 g
(C18H38N2O4)n 1 kg
36,716-8 (Stannous sulfide) 10 g pellets 5 kg
CAS No. 1314-95-0
SnS FW 150.8 Nylon 6/66
96%
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.22 g/mL (lit.) 42,924-4 (poly(hexamethylene adipamide-co- 250 g
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39 caprolactam)) 1 kg
CAS No. 24993-04-2
Titanium(IV) sulfide (C18H37N3O5)n
pellets
33,349-2 CAS No. 12039-13-3 10 g
S2Ti FW 112.0 50 g General purpose thermoplastic polyamide.
Fibers for textiles, brushes and sutures cable sheathing
powder, 1 mm, 99.9%
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39 and tubing and bearings, cams, gears and casings for tools
and appliances.
Tungsten(IV) sulfide Stiff and strong over a wide range of temperatures,
excellent toughness and chemical and abrasion resistance.
24,363-9 CAS No. 12138-09-9 50 g Attacked by strong acids and strong bases at elevated
WS2 FW 248.0 temperatures. Oxidized by chlorine and hydrogen
powder, 2 mm, 99% peroxide.
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.5 g/mL (lit.) Abrasion resistance (Taber, CS-17 wheel, 1kg, 50% RH,
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39 1,000 cycles) 5 mg
Hardness (Rockwell R, ASTM D 785) 100 (50% RH)
Yttrium(III) sulfide Hardness (Rockwell R, ASTM D 785) 122 (DAM)
contains Heat stabilizer, nucleating agent and lubricant
58,757-5 CAS No. 12039-19-9 1g mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-260 C (lit.)
Y2S3 FW 274.0 5g Tm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 C (ASTM D 2117)
99.99+% Solubility
solid strong proton donor solvents, acetic acid and phenols. . soluble
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 g/mL (lit.)
[-NH(CH ) NHCO(CH ) CO-] [-NH(CH ) CO-]
26 24 x 25 y
Zinc sulfide
CAS No. 1314-98-3
Nylon 12
ZnS FW 97.46
R: 31
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,116-1 (polylauryllactam) 5g
24,462-7 99.99%, powder, 10 mm 25 g CAS No. 24937-16-4 250 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 g/mL (lit.) 100 g (C12H23NO)n
500 g pellets, 5 mm
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178 C
33,327-1 pieces, 3-12 mm, 99.9% 50 g Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 C
Suitable for vacuum deposition. 250 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.01 g/mL (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.98 g/mL (lit.) O
NHCH (CH ) CH C
2 29 2
n

Engineering Polymers

Polyamides
Nylon 4/6
44,299-2 CAS No. 50327-22-5 250 g
(C10H22N2O4)n 1 kg
463
Engineering Polymers
Polyamides

Poly[N,N¢-(1,3-phenylene)isophthalamide] Poly(ethylene terephthalate)


44,652-1 CAS No. 25765-47-3 100 g CAS No. 25038-59-9

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
(C14H14N2O2)n 500 g (C10H12O6)n
Used in heat and flame protective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
clothing. Electrical insulating paper requiring high 42,925-2 granules 250 g
temperature stability. Abrasion resistance (Taber, CS-17 wheel, 1 kg
Does not melt. 1kg, 50% RH, 1,000 cycles) 30 mg
decomposes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >371 C Hardness (Rockwell R, ASTM D 785) 120
Solubility contains 30% glass particles as reinforcer
dimethylformamide-lithium chloride.. . . . . . . . . . . . soluble mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250-255 C (lit.)
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.38 g/mL (lit.) Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.68 g/mL (lit.)
O R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
C NH
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
n 42,926-0 granules 250 g
NH C R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 1 kg
O
5 kg

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20,025-5 Average Mv ~18,000, pellets 5g
Intrinsic viscosity. . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.59 (lit.) 250 g
Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 C 500 g
Polyesters Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.375 g/mL (lit.)

Poly(1,4-butylene terephthalate)
CAS No. 24968-12-5 Polyimides
(C12H16O6)n
Molded into auto parts, electrical components and domestic Poly(trimellitic anhydride chloride-co-4,4¢-
appliance assemblies. methylenedianiline)
Chemical resistance similar to PET. Low water absorption giving
improved dimensional stability and electrical insulating 42,827-2 powder 25 g
properties. Used in conformal coatings, passivation 100 g
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.31 g/mL (lit.) agent, insulating varnish, LCD alignments,
O O and corrosion resistant coatings.
O CH CH CH CH O
2 2 2 2
C C Reactive, low molecular weight, soluble polymer.
n
Undergoes imide formation at 100-150C. Continued
heating to 150C removes residual solvent.
n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.656 (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viscosity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .800 cP (lit.)
43,514-7 Melt index (250C/2.16kg) 20 g/10 min 250 g mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >300 C (lit.)
Impact strength (Izod, ASTM D 256, 1 kg Softening point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 C (Film)
notched, 23 C) 0.9 ft-lb/in. Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.11 g/mL (lit.)
Dielectric constant (ASTM D 150, 100 Hz) 3.2 R: 45-46-20/21/22-63 S: 53-22-26-36/37/39-45

800.558.9196 (USA)
Hardness (Rockwell M, ASTM D 785) 78 O

contains no Fillers N CH
2
NH
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 C (lit.) C n
O
Tm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 C (DSC, peak) O
Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 C (DSC, onset)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43,515-5 Melt index (250C/2.16kg) 50 g/10 min 250 g
Impact strength (Izod, ASTM D 256, 1 kg
notched, 23 C) 0.6 ft-lb/in.
Dielectric constant (ASTM D 150, 100 Hz) 3.2 Polysulfones
Hardness (Rockwell M, ASTM D 785) 72 Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
contains no Fillers
Poly(oxy-1,4-phenylenesulfonyl-1,4-phenylene)
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 C (lit.)
Tm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 C (DSC, peak)
19,109-4 (Poly(1,4-phenylene ether-sulfone)) 50 g
Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 C (DSC, onset) CAS No. 25667-42-9 250 g
(C12H10O4S)
Poly(1,4-cyclohexanedimethylene terephthalate-co-ethy- pellets
lene terephthalate) Melt index (380C/2.16 kg) 75 g/10 min
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.37 g/mL (lit.)
R: 22-36/37/38 S: 26-36
43,533-3 CAS No. 25640-14-6 1 kg
O
Average Mn ~26,000
O S
O n

Poly(1,4-phenylene ether-ether-sulfone)
44,096-5 CAS No. 28212-68-2 250 g
pellets 1 kg
464
Engineering Polymers
Polysulfones

Polysulfone 2-(3-Allyl-2-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)-2H-benzotriazole
CAS No. 25135-51-7 55,985-7 (2-Allyl-6-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-p-Cresol; 2- 1 g
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

(C27H26O6S)n (2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-methyl-6-(2- 5g
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
propenyl)phenol)
42,830-2 Average Mn ~16,000 by MO, Average 5g
CAS No. 2170-39-0
Mw ~35,000 by LS, pellets 100 g
C16H15N3O FW 265.3
(Transparent) 500 g
99%
Thermoplastic engineering polymer.
Volatility (20C): nil
Melt index (ASTM D 1238, 343C/0.3 Mpa) 6.5 g/10 min
Reduced viscosity. . . 0.37-0.39 dL/g (0.2% w/v in CHCl3, 25 C)
solid
(lit.) Solubility
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.24 g/mL (lit.) water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . insoluble
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98-101 C
18,244-3 Average Mn ~22,000 by MO, beads 5g Transition temp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >270 C
Amorphous thermoplastic. 250 g Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 g/cm3
S: 22-24/25
Melt index (ASTM D 1238, 343C/0.3 500 g
N
Mpa) 6.5 g/10 min OH
N CH CH CH
Hardness (Rockwell M, ASTM D 785) 69 N 2 2
n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.633 (lit.)
Reduced viscosity. . . 0.43-0.46 dL/g (0.2% w/v in CHCl3, 25 C) CH
3
(lit.)
Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 C
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.24 g/mL (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37,429-6 Average Mn ~26,000 by MO, pellets 20 g 4-Allyloxy-2-hydroxybenzophenone
Amorphous thermoplastic. 200 g
Melt index (ASTM D 1238, 343C/0.3 1 kg 41,583-9 CAS No. 2549-87-3 25 g
Mpa) 3.5 g/10 min
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

C16H14O3 FW 254.3 100 g


Hardness (Rockwell M, ASTM D 785) 69 99%
Reduced viscosity. . . 0.48-0.52 dL/g (0.2% w/v in CHCl3, 25 C) Copolymerizable UV absorber
(lit.) mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67-70 C (lit.)
Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 C R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.24 g/mL (lit.)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O
H C CH CH O C
18,245-1 Average Mw 67,000 (Typical), Average 25 g 2 2
Mn 20,400 (Typical), pellets, secondary OH
standard
Concise Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering See:
Books Page 496
Plastics for Engineers: Materials, Propterties, Applications See: 2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-di-tert-pentylphenol
Books Page 497
42,274-6 CAS No. 25973-55-1 50 g
C22H29N3O FW 351.5
98%
UV absorber
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80-83 C (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
N-(1-Acetyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)-2-dodecyl- N OH CH
3
succinimide N
N C CH CH
2 3
CH
3
41,319-4 CAS No. 106917-31-1 50 mL
CH C CH
C27H48N2O3 FW 448.7 250 mL 3 3
CH CH
R: 34 S: 23-26-36/37/39-45 2 3

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465
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers

2-[3-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]ethyl metha- 5-Chloro-2-hydroxy-4-methylbenzophenone


crylate
14,333-2 CAS No. 68751-90-6 10 g

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
41,343-7 CAS No. 96478-09-0 25 g C14H11ClO2 FW 246.7
C18H17N3O3 FW 323.3 100 g 99%
99% R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39
Copolymerizable free radical stabilizer
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96-98 C (lit.) 2,4-Di-tert-butyl-6-(5-chloro-2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)phenol
R: 36-40 S: 22-26-36
O 42,332-7 CAS No. 3864-99-1 5g
H C C C O CH CH OH C20H24ClN3O FW 357.9 25 g
2 2 2
CH
3
98%
N N
UV absorber
N
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150-153 C (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
Cl
N OH CH
3

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


N C CH
N 3
CH
3

CH C CH
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phe- 3 3
CH
3
nol
32,280-6 (octrizole) 100 g
CAS No. 3147-75-9
C20H25N3O FW 323.4 3¢,5¢-Dichloro-2¢-hydroxyacetophenone
98%
UV absorber 38,339-2 CAS No. 3321-92-4 25 g
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106-108 C (lit.) C8H6Cl2O2 FW 205.0
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39 99%
N bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132-134 C/18 mm Hg (lit.)
OH
N
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94-97 C (lit.)
N
H
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
CH O
3
CH C CH C CH C CH
3 2 3 3
CH CH OH
3 3

Cl Cl

2-(4-Benzoyl-3-hydroxyphenoxy)ethyl acrylate
41,321-6 CAS No. 16432-81-8 25 g 2,4-Dihydroxybenzophenone
C18H16O5 FW 312.3 100 g

800.558.9196 (USA)
12,621-7 (DHB) 5g
98%
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77-80 C (lit.)
CAS No. 131-56-6 100 g
O O
C13H10O3 FW 214.2 500 g
H C CH C O CH CH O C
99%
2 2 2
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144.5-147 C (lit.)
OH R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
O
HO C

OH

3,9-Bis(octadecyloxy)-2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphas- Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com


piro[5.5]undecane
44,177-5 CAS No. 3806-34-6 100 g 2,2¢-Dihydroxy-4,4¢-dimethoxybenzophenone
C41H82O6P2 FW 733.0 500 g
D11,100-7 CAS No. 131-54-4 5g
2-tert-Butyl-6-(5-chloro-2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-methyl- C15H14O5 FW 274.3 100 g
phenol 98%
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133-136 C (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39
42,247-9 CAS No. 3896-11-5 50 g O
C17H18ClN3O FW 315.8 250 g CH O C OCH
3 3
98%
OH HO
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36

5-Chloro-2-hydroxybenzophenone
C4,470-2 CAS No. 85-19-8 5g
C13H9ClO2 FW 232.7 25 g
99%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-37/39
466
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers

2,2¢-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone Ethyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate


32,357-8 (Dioxybenzone) 25 g 41,581-2 CAS No. 5232-99-5 50 g
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

CAS No. 131-53-3 100 g C18H15NO2 FW 277.3 250 g


C14H12O4 FW 244.2 98%
98% bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174 C/0.2 mm Hg (lit.)
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170-175 C/1 mm Hg (lit.) mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97-99 C (lit.)
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73-75 C (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
O
CN
CH O C C C
3
C OCH CH
2 3
OH HO
O
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2¢,4¢-Dihydroxy-3¢-propylacetophenone
2-Ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenylacrylate
42,690-3 CAS No. 40786-69-4 5g
C11H14O3 FW 194.2 25 g 41,582-0 CAS No. 6197-30-4 50 mL
99% C24H27NO2 FW 361.5 250 mL
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124-127 C (lit.) 97%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.567 (lit.)
O bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218 C/1.5 mm Hg (lit.)
C CH
3
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -10 C (lit.)
OH Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.051 g/mL (lit.)
CH CH CH
2 2 3
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

OH
CN
C C
C O CH CHCH CH CH CH
2 2 2 2 3
O CH CH
2 3
Diisodecyl phenyl phosphite
44,224-0 CAS No. 25550-98-5 250 mL
R: 23/24/25-34 S: 26-27-36/37/39-45 1L 2-Ethylhexyl trans-4-methoxycinnamate

2,6-Dimethyl-1,3-dioxan-4-ol acetate,mixture of cis and 43,717-4 CAS No. 83834-59-7 50 mL


trans C18H26O3 FW 290.4 250 mL
98%
43,715-8 (dimethoxane) 250 mL BHT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.06-0.1%
CAS No. 828-00-2 1L n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.545 (lit.)
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198-200 C/3 mm Hg (lit.)
C8H14O4 FW 174.2
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
Technical Grade, 85% Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.011 g/mL (lit.)
[a]20
D 0, neat (lit.) R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.433 (lit.) CH O
3
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66-68 C/3 mm Hg (lit.)
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 F H
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.067 g/mL (lit.) C C
R: 36/37/38-40 S: 22-26-36 H C O CH CHCH CH CH CH
2 2 2 2 3
O O CH CH
2 3
O C CH
3
O

CH O CH
3 3
2-Ethylhexyl salicylate
43,737-9 (Octyl salicylate) 100 mL
2-Dodecyl-N-(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)succini- CAS No. 118-60-5 500 mL
mide C15H22O3 FW 250.3
99%
41,318-6 CAS No. 106917-30-0 50 mL n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.502 (lit.)
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189-190 C/21 mm Hg (lit.)
C26H48N2O2 FW 420.7 250 mL
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
Technical Grade Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.014 g/mL (lit.)
R: 22-23-35-48/22-50/53 S: 26-28-36/37/39-45-60-61
O CH CH
2-Dodecyl-N-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)succini- C
2 3
O CH CHCH CH CH CH
2 2 2 2 3
mide OH

41,317-8 CAS No. 79720-19-7 50 mL


C25H46N2O2 FW 406.6 250 mL
95%
R: 20/21/22-34 S: 23-26-36/37/39-45
467
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers

Hexadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzoate Menthyl anthranilate


41,320-8 CAS No. 67845-93-6 50 g 43,738-7 CAS No. 134-09-8 100 mL

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
C31H54O3 FW 474.8 250 g C17H25NO2 FW 275.4 500 mL
98% 98%
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.542 (lit.)
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177-179 C/3 mm Hg (lit.)
Hexahydro-2,6-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)- Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
1H,4H,5H,8H-2,3a,4a,6,7a,8a-hexaazacyclopenta[def]- Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.04 g/mL (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
fluorene-4,8-dione
CH
3
CH CH
41,586-3 CAS No. 109423-00-9 50 g O
3
C26H46N8O2 FW 502.7 250 g C O CH
3
98% NH
2
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 C (dec.) (lit.)
O

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


CH CH CH CH
3 3 N N 3 3
HN N N NH
N N
CH CH CH CH
3 3 3 3
O 2,2¢-Methylenebis[6-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tet-
ramethylbutyl)phenol]
40,794-1 CAS No. 103597-45-1 25 g
2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone C41H50N6O2 FW 658.9 100 g
H3,620-6 (Oxybenzone) 5g 99%
CAS No. 131-57-7 100 g
C14H12O3 FW 228.2 500 g
2-Phenyl-5-benzimidazolesulfonic acid
98%
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150-160 C/5 mm Hg (lit.)
43,716-6 CAS No. 27503-81-7 50 g
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63-65 C (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
C13H10N2O3S FW 274.3 250 g
O 98%
CH O
3
C UV absorber
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >300 C (lit.)
OH
Solubility
ethanol and water when converted to sodium salt. . . . soluble
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
O
2-Hydroxy-4-(octyloxy)benzophenone HO S
N
O xH2O
41,315-1 CAS No. 1843-05-6 100 g N
H

800.558.9196 (USA)
C21H26O3 FW 326.4 500 g
98%
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47-49 C (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
O
CH (CH ) CH O C
Poly[2-(4-benzoyl-3-hydroxyphenoxy)ethyl acrylate]
3 26 2

OH 41,323-2 CAS No. 29963-76-6 25 g


(C18H16O5)n 100 g
Average Mw ~50,000
Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
4,4¢-Isopropylidenebis(diisodecyl phenyl phosphite) Poly[N,N¢-bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl)-1,6-hexa-
nediamine-co-2,4-dichloro-6-morpholino-1,3,5-triazine]
44,226-7 CAS No. 61670-79-9 250 mL
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 1L 41,324-0 CAS No. 82451-48-7 100 g
(C26H53N7O)n 250 g
Average Mw 1,600
UV stabilizer (radical scavenger).
R: 41 S: 26-36
N
N CH (CH ) CH N
2 24 2
N N n
CH CH CH CH
3 3 3 3 N
CH N CH CH N CH
3 H 3 3 H 3
O
468
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers

Poly(dipropylene glycol) phenyl phosphite Tris(nonylphenyl) phosphite


44,231-3 CAS No. 116265-68-0 100 mL 44,180-5 CAS No. 26523-78-4 250 mL
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

(C21H23O5P)n 500 mL Heat stabilizer for polymers 1L


Average Mn 2,100 1L n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.528 (lit.)
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >360 C/760 mm Hg (lit.)
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
2,4,6-Triallyloxy-1,3,5-triazine Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.99 g/mL (lit.)

29,160-9 (Triallyl cyanurate) 5g


C H
CAS No. 101-37-1 100 g 9 19

C12H15N3O3 FW 249.3 500 g O


97%
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

P
O O
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
C H C H
R: 22-51/53 S: 36-61 9 19 9 19

O CH CH CH
2 2
N N

H C CH CH O N O CH CH CH
2 2 2 2

Tris(tridecyl) phosphite
44,222-4 CAS No. 68610-62-8 250 mL
1,3,5-Triallyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36

11,423-5 CAS No. 1025-15-6 5g


C12H15N3O3 FW 249.3 100 g HALS (Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers)
98% 500 g
contains 500 ppm tert-butylhydroquinone
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

as inhibitor phenol
n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.513 (lit.)
bp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149-152 C/4 mm Hg (lit.) 53,575-3 CAS No. 70321-86-7 100 g
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F C30H29N3O FW 447.6
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.159 g/mL (lit.) powder
R: 22 S: 23-24/25 Low volatile benzotriazole UV light absorber and stabilizer.
O Imparts outstanding light stability for polymers processed
H C C HCH CH CH CH
2 2 N N 2 2 at high temperatures such as polycarbonate, polyesters,
O O
polyacetal, polyamides, polyphenylene sulfide,
N
CH CH CH
polyphenylene oxide, aromatic copolymers, thermoplastic
2 2
polyurethane and polyurethane fibers also highly effective
for polyvinylchloride, styrene homo- and copolymers.
Volatility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 wt. %, 264C
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139-143 C (lit.)
Triisodecyl phosphite mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >350 (lit.)
Solubility
44,225-9 CAS No. 25448-25-3 250 mL chloroform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 wt. % at 20 C
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36 1L methylene chloride. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 wt. % at 20 C
toluene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 wt. % at 20 C
Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .<0.04 ppm at 20 C, insoluble
R: 36/37/38 S: 26-36
44,179-1 CAS No. 31570-04-4 100 g N CH
OH 3
C42H63O3P FW 646.9 500 g N C
N
98% CH
3
Processing stabilizer for polymers
CH C CH
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181-184 C (lit.) 3 3

CH
3
CH C CH
3 3

H C
3
CH C
3 CH
CH O 3
3 CH C CH
P 3 3
O O
H C CH CH
3 3 3
CH C C CH C CH
3 3 3
CH CH CH
3 3 3
469
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers
HALS (Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers)

2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-6-dodecyl-4-methylphenol Bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl) sebacate


53,578-8 CAS No. 125304-04-3 100 g 53,583-4 CAS No. 52829-07-9 100 g

Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics
C25H35N3O FW 393.6 C28H52N2O4 FW 480.7
Low volatile liquid benzotriazole UV light absorber/ Hindered amine UV light stabilizer.
stabilizer. Provides excellent stability for thick sections and articles
Imparts outstanding light stability and protection with high surface area.
efficiency without imparting any yellowness to the Volatility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0.7 wt. %, 150-175C
protected substrate. mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82-85 C (lit.)
Dodecyl chain is branched and linear. Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421 F
liquid Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >350 C (dec)
n20 Solubility
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.574 (lit.)
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >350 (lit.) methylene chloride. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 % (w/w) at 20 C
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F chloroform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 % (w/w) at 20 C
Solubility methanol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 % (w/w) at 20 C
acetone, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-hexane, methylene ethyl acetate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 % (w/w) at 20 C
chloride, and toluene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 wt. % at 20 C acetone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 % (w/w) at 20 C

Your local Sigma-Aldrich office: See Back Cover


water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .<0.01 ppm at 20 C, insoluble water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .<6 ppm at 20 C, insoluble
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.911 g/mL (lit.) R: 23-37/38-41 S: 26-39-45
CH CH CH CH
R: 51/53 S: 61 3 3 O O 3 3
HN O C CH (CH ) CH C O NH
2 26 2
N OH
CH CH
C H 3 CH3 CH
3 3
N 12 25
N

CH
3
2-(4,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-5-[(hexyl)oxy]-phenol
53,582-6 CAS No. 147315-50-2 100 g
Bis(octadecyl)hydroxylamine C27H27N3O2 FW 425.5
powder
53,585-0 CAS No. 143925-92-2 100 g Very low volatile UV light absorber and stabilizer.
C36H75NO FW 538.0 Allows polycarbonates and polyesters to achieve a higher
powder, 65% resistance to weathering than conventional benzotriazole
UV light stabilizer. UV absorbers. Low tendency to chelate allows its use in
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >350 (lit.) polymer formulations containing catalyst residues.
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96-99 C (lit.) mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147-151 C (lit.)
Solubility Solubility
water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . insoluble chloroform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 mg/mL at 20 C
methylene chloride. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 mg/mL at 20 C
OH toluene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 mg/mL at 20 C
H C
37 18
N C H
18 37 methylmethacrylate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 mg/mL at 20 C
R: 53 S: 61

800.558.9196 (USA)
OC H
6 13

Bis(1-octyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl) sebacate OH

N N
53,576-1 CAS No. 129757-67-1 100 g
N
C44H84N2O6 FW 737.1
Hindered amine UV light stabilizer.
Low basicity reduces interactions with acidic paint
ingredients particularly effective in coatings based on
alkyds. Ordering/Pricing: www.sigma-aldrich.com
Easily emulsified in water borne systems. Miscible to
>50% with xylene, MEK, and other paint solvents.
liquid Have you seen the
n20
D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.479 (lit.)
Dynamic viscosity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 mPa.s (20 C) (lit.) "Cave of the Dogs"
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >230 F
Tg. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >150 C (dec)
or planted a
Solubility
water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . <6 ppm at 20 C
"Chemical Garden"?
Density. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.028 g/mL (lit.)
S: 23-24/25
For information on these
CH
3
CH
3 O O
CH
3 CH
3 and other NEW Chemical
H C O
17 8
N O C CH (CH ) CH
2 26 2
C O N OC H
8 17 Demonstration Kits,
CH CH
3 CH3 CH
3 3
contact the Technical
Services Department.
470
Photooxidative Stabilizers for Polymers
HALS (Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers)

Poly(4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidine ethanol- 1,5,8,12-Tetrakis[4,6-bis(N-butyl-N-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-


alt-1,4-butanedioic acid) 4-piperidylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]-1,5,8,12-tetraazado-
Structural Materials/
Electronic Ceramics

decane
53,584-2 CAS No. 65447-77-0 100 g
(C15H29NO6)n 53,586-9 CAS No. 106990-43-6 100 g
Average Mn ~3,500, Average Mn 3,100-4,000 C132H250N32 FW 2285
Antioxidant. Antioxidant.
Oligomeric hindered amine UV light stabilizer with low Monomeric hindered amine UV light stabilizer for
volatility and minimal migration. More effective stabilizer polyolefins offering low volatility and high migration
than UV absorbers in pigmented systems. Works resistance.
synergistically with other HALS UV absorbers, for e.g., Advantage over other HALS is that it enhances the color
53,396-3. yield of pigmented polyolefin articles.
www.sigma-aldrich.com/safc

solid solid
Volatility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1 wt. %, 200C volatility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.07 wt. %
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >350 (lit.) mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146-150 C (lit.)
Fp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428 F Solubility
Solubility chloroform, methylene chloride, and toluene. . . ‡20 % (w/w)
chloroform and methylene chloride.. . . . . . . . . .40 % (w/w) at 20 C
water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6 ppm at 20 C R: 43 S: 26-36
R R
CH CH
3 3 O O R NH CH CH CH N CH CH N CH CH CH NH R
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
O N CH CH O C CH CH C
2 2 2 2
CH CH
CH C H 3 3
CH 3 4 9
3
n N N N CH
3
R=
N N CH CH
3 3
H C N CH
3
Poly[[6-[(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)amino]-s-triazine-2,4- 9 4
Competitive Quotes on Larger Quantities/Custom Synthesis: Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals

CH
N 3
diyl]-[(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl)imino]-hexamethy- CH
CH CH 3
lene-[(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidylimino]] 3 3

53,396-3 CAS No. 71878-19-8 100 g


Polyhedral Silsesquioxanes See: Polyhedral Silsesquioxanes (PSS)
(C35H68N8)n
Page 393
Average Mn ~2,000
Hindered amine UV light stabilizer for polyolefins.
solid
mp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136-140 C (lit.)
Absorbance (l). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240 nm
R: 26-36/37 S: 26-36/37-45

H H
CH N CH CH N CH
3 3 3 3
CH CH CH CH
3 3 3 3

N N CH (CH ) CH N
2 24 2
N N CH CH
3 3
NH C CH C CH
2 3
CH CH
3 3
n

Top quality Molymod® molecular


model sets are for use by students,
teachers and researchers.
Molyorbital™ sets, Individual Organic
sets, Crystal Structures and accessory
atoms and bonds available.