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© by Laura Alfonso Soler

PRESENT PERFECT FORM

1. PRESENT PERFECT / PRESENTE PERFECTO

Vamos a ver un ejemplo de verbo en Presente Perfecto. El verbo ‘comer’:


Let’s see an example of a verb in the Present Perfect. The verb ‘to eat’:

HAVE / HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE (3RD COLUMNA)

VERBO HABER CONJUGADO + PARTICIPIO (3ª COLUMNA)

(+) TO EAT (comer)


1st person - I have eaten = yo he comido
nd
2 person - You have eaten = tú has comido
3rd person - He has eaten = él ha comido* singular
She has eaten = ella ha comido *
It has eaten = ello ha comido *

1st person – We have eaten = nosotr@s hemos comido


2nd person – you have eaten = vosotr@s habéis comido plural
3rd person – they have eaten = ell@s han comido

* En afirmativa todas las formas son iguales (a diferencia del Español que tiene cada persona
con una terminación distinta y es mucho más difícil).
Lo único que hay que recordar es que la 3ª persona del singular el have es ‘has’.
In the affirmative all forms are the same (as a difference to Spanish which has a different
ending for each ending and which is a lot more difficult.)
The only important thing to remember is that the 3rd person have is ‘has’.

(-) TO EAT
1st person - I haven’t eaten = yo no he comido
2nd person - You haven’t eaten = tú no has comido
3rd person - He hasn’t eaten = él no ha comido* singular
She hasn’t eaten = ella no ha comido *
It hasn’t eaten = ello no ha comido *

1st person – We haven’t eaten = nosotr@s no hemos comido


2nd person – you haven’t eaten = vosotr@s no habéis comido plural
3rd person – they haven’t eaten = ell@s no han comido

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© by Laura Alfonso Soler

En negativa utilizamos el auxiliar ‘to have’ en negativa: haven’t (have+not) o hasn’t


(has+not). Como el ‘have’ es auxiliar por sí mismo no necesita ningún otro auxiliar.

In the negative we use the auxiliary verb ‘to have’ in the negative: haven’t (have+not) or
hasn’t (has+not). As ‘have’ is an auxiliary verb (remember there are three auxiliaries: to be, to
have and to do) it doesn’t need help from anyone else.

(?) TO EAT
1st person - Have I eaten? = ¿He comido yo?
2nd person – Have you eaten?= ¿ Has comido tú?
3rd person - Has she eaten? = ¿ Ha comido él? singular
Has he eaten? = ¿ Ha comido ella?
Has it eaten? = ¿ Ha comido ello?

1st person – Have we eaten? = ¿ Hemos comido nosotros?


2nd person – Have you eaten?= ¿ Habéis comido vosotros? plural
3rd person – Have they eaten?= ¿ Han comido ellos?

De nuevo el auxiliar ‘have’ es el que utilizaremos para preguntar.


We will use the auxiliary verb ‘have’ again to ask questions.