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Assessment of Higher Order Thinking Skills on Grade 8 Biology Competencies

1. This picture shows how carbon cycles through the environment. Which of the following statements
is true?

A. The cycle ends when dead material is deposited.


B. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is released by respiration.
C. Only plants are involved in the carbon cycle.
D. The cycle prevents diffusion

2. Using the figure above, which processes may lead to lower carbon level in the atmosphere?
I. Deposition
II. Diffusion
III. Photosynthesis
IV. Respiration

A. I, II, III, IV
B. II, III, IV
C. II, IV
D. I, II, III
3. Which statement is correct about the kingdoms of life?
A. All fungi are microorganisms.
B. Some species of Protista is autotrophs.
C. All bacteria can cause harm to humans.
D. Plants are the only organisms that can produce their own food.

4. Which analogy is correct?


A. Plants: autotrophs:: Protista: heterotrophs
B. Bacteria: microorganisms:: Fungi : macroorganisms
C. Plants : autotrophs:: Animals and fungi: heterotrophs
D. Bacteria : beneficial to humans:: Fungi: harmful to humans

5. A student identified that the cell below is dividing and is currently in telophase. Which observation
supports his claim?

A. Chromosomes condense and become visible.


B. The presence of cleavage furrow on the cell’s surface.
C. Nuclear membrane disappeared, and sister chromatids start to split.
D. Spindle fibers disappear, and nuclear membrane surround each set of chromosome.
6. Which events happen during telophase.
I. Spindle fibers disappear.
II. Presence of cleavage furrow.
III. Nuclear membrane reappears.
IV. Nuclear membrane disappears.
V. Chromosomes align in the metaphase plate.
VI. Chromosomes condense and become visible.

7. Which statement is correct about the stage of mitosis illustrated below?

A. It shows anaphase, because the nucleolus and the nuclear membrane starts to disappear.
B. The cell is in metaphase because the chromosomes are now in the opposite poles of the
cell.
C. The cell is in metaphase, as it shows chromosomes are aligned in the middle and spindle
fiber regresses.
D. It illustrates anaphase, as it shows the regression of spindle fibers leading to the separation
of sister chromatids.

8. Which picture shows the alignment of chromosomes in the equator of the cell?

A. B.

C. D.

9. If a diploid cell has the genotype Pp, what will be the genotype of the two daughter cells after
mitosis?
A. PP and pp B. P and p C.Both PP D.Both Pp

10. Which statement is TRUE about daughter cells after mitosis?


A. The daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
B. The daughter cells have half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
C. The daughter cells are unique from each other.
D. One parent cell divides into 4 daughter cells with identical chromosomal number.
11. What does this figure represent?

A. meiosis I and II
B. Mendel's law of segregation
C. phenotypes in a Punnett square
D. allele combinations in a Punnett square

12. What does the notation TT means?


A. Two dominant alleles
B. Daughter cells after meiosis
C. One dominant and one recessive allele
D. Chromosomes undergoing crossing over and recombination

13. If a homozygous black guinea pig (BB) is crossed with a homozygous white guinea pig (bb), what
is the probability that an offspring will have black fur?
A. 25 percent C. 75 percent
B. 50 percent D. 100 percent

14. What is the probability that the offspring will have heterozygous alleles?
A. 25 percent C. 75 percent
B. 50 percent D. 100 percent

15. Which figure illustrates the organization of the kingdoms of life correctly?

Domains
Domains

Archaebacteria Bacteria Eukaryotes


Archaebacteria Bacteria Eukaryotes

Protista Animals
Virus Protista Animals

Fungi Plantae
Fungi Plantae

Domains Domains

Archaebacteria Bacteria Eukaryotes


Archaebacteria Bacteria Eukaryotes

Animals
Protista Animals
Plantae

Virus Plantae
Protista

Fungi Fungi
16. Which statement is correct about the kingdoms of life?
A. Fungi and Protista are under Eukarya.
B. Protista and Virus are under Eubacteria.
C. Fungi and Protista are kingdoms under Eubacteria.
D. Animalia and Plantae are the only kingdoms under Eukarya.

17. A unicellular organism contains a Golgi body and ribosomes but lacks a cell wall. It is
heterotrophic, ingesting food via phagocytosis. What kingdom does this organism belong to?
A. Animalia C. Fungi
B. Eubacteria D. Protista

18. An organism can carry out photosynthesis, contains chrlorophyll and unicellular. What kingdom
does this orgranism belong to?
A. Animalia C. Plantae
B. Eubacteria D. Protista

19. According to this graph, which statement is TRUE?

A. More bird species have been lost than mammal species.


B. More mammal species have been lost than invertebrate species.
C. Birds have lost a higher percentage of species than mammals.
D. Fish have lost a higher percentage of species than reptiles .

20. Which statement correctly describes the graph below?

A. There is a direct correlation between the number of humans and species extinction.
B. A sharp increase in the number of extinction started on 1900.
C. As the number or extinct species increase, the human population decrease.
D. Humans are reaching the critical number to be considered extinct.

21. Which of the following processes would result in water pollution?


A. Rinsing your parents’ car with water every day
B. Leaving the water on while brushing your teeth
C. Forgetting to clean up after your dog when he makes waste outside
D. Taking a shower for less than ten minutes each day
22. Which would help conserve water?
A. Water the lawn every day
B. Wash the car every day
C. Turn off the water while brushing teeth
D. Run the dishwasher after each meal

23. The water cycle is made up of processes that work together. Which process is missing at
space “(a)” on the diagram below?
A. The water falls from atmosphere as rain, ice, or snow.
B. The liquid becomes freezes and becomes ice.
C. The sun dries up the water in the clouds.
D. The water stays in the clouds

Surface water is heated and


changes to a gas in a cloud

(a)_______________ In the atmosphere, the gas cools


and is changed back to a liquid

24. Which statement correctly describes the process happening in point A in the diagram?
A. Water is evaporating from the surface.
B. Transpiration of water from the plants.
C. Formation of clouds.
D. Saturation of the soil beneath the plants.

25. How can enzymes benefit chemical reactions, as shown in this energy diagram?

A. lowering activation energy


B. raising activation energy
C. slowing reactions
D. increasing the amount of product

26. Which statements are true about enzymes?


I. Bile is an enzyme.
II. Enzymes speed up the rate of chemical reactions.
III. Digestive enzymes only helps in the digestion of fats.
IV. Saliva contains enzymes that helps in digestion of carbohydrates.

A. I, II, and IV
B. II, III, and IV
C. II, and IV
D. I and IV

27. What can be concluded on the food pyramid below?

A. More nutrients should be consumed from grains than meats.


B. More nutrients should be consumed from oils than vegetables.
C. Oils are not a necessary part of the diet.
D. Dairy is not a necessary part of the diet.

28. Why does bread, cereal, rice and pasta have the highest food allowance in the food pyramid?
A. Because they are source of carbohydrates that serves as our main energy source.
B. Because they are rich in proteins which are needed for us to grow.
C. Because they have lipids that serves as our energy storage.
D. Because they have carbohydrates that will lessen our need to eat food.

29. What can be concluded from the picture?

A. It shows a healthy gall bladder because gallstones are normally present in every individual.
B. It shows a gall bladder with gallstones which should not be present in a healthy individual.
C. It shows a normal pathway of bile.
D. It shows a very gall bladder because gallstones are only present in health conscious
individuals.

30. What can be concluded from the picture of gallbladder below?


A. Bile is produced in the bile and transported through the bile duct.
B. Bile is produced in the small intestine, stored in the gall bladder, then used by the
liver.
C. Bile is produced in the liver, stored in the gallbladder, then transported to the small
intestine through the bile duct.
D. Bile stays only in the gall bladder after its production in the liver.