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No samples should be taken before 10 The mold shall be in the form of the The compressive strength of the
% or after 90 % of the batch has been lateral surface of the frustum of a specimen is calculated by dividing the
discharged. Due to the difficulty of cone with the base 8 in. [200 mm] in maximum load attained during the test
determining the actual quantity of diameter, the top 4 in. [100 mm] in by the cross-sectional area of the
concrete discharged, the intent is to diameter, and the height 12 in. [300 specimen. (6 by 12 in. [150 by 300 mm]
provide samples that are mm]. cylinders made from a well-mixed sample
representative of widely separated of concrete)
portions, but not the beginning and
the end of the load.

The elapsed time shall not exceed 15 One third of the volume of the slump Test ages often used are 7 and 28 days
min. between obtaining the first and mold fills it to a depth of 2 5⁄8 in. [70 for compressive strength tests, or 14 and
final portions of the composite mm]; two thirds of the volume fills it 28 days for flexural strength tests.
sample. to a depth of 6 1⁄8in. [160 mm]. Rod Specimens containing Type III cement are
each layer with 25 strokes of the often tested at 1, 3, 7, and 28 days. For
tamping rod. later test ages, 3 months, 6 months, and
1 year are often used for both
compressive and flexural strength tests.
Start tests for slump, temperature, Rod the bottom layer throughout its Other test ages may be required for other
and air content within 5 min after depth. Rod the second layer and the types of specimens.
obtaining the final portion of the top layer each throughout its depth,
composite sample. so that the strokes just penetrate into
the underlying layer.

Complete these tests expeditiously. Record the maximum and minimum

Start molding specimens for strength ambient temperatures during the initial
tests within 15 min after fabricating curing. Removal from Molds—Remove the
the composite sample. Expeditiously specimens from the molds 24 +8 h after
obtain and use the sample and protect casting. For concrete with prolonged
the sample from the sun, wind, and setting time, molds shall not be removed
other sources of rapid evaporation, until 20 + 4 h after final set.
and from contamination
Leave the temperature measuring device in the
freshly mixed concrete for a minimum period of 2
min or until the temperature reading stabilizes,
then read and record the temperature.

Certification — A certification is a document

furnished by the manufacturer containing the
following information: name and address of the
manufacturer and the location where the
manufacturing process occurred (if different from
the address); manufacturing steps performed by
the manufacturer; heat numbers, lot numbers, or
any other identification used to identify the
material; and a notarized statement from the
manufacturer, attesting to the domestic origin of
the material and signed by a person who can
legally represent the manufacturer.
Typical specifications require the temperature of Mill test report (MTR) — A mill test report for steel
the concrete during placement to be within a or iron is a report from the producing mill of the
range of 10°C to 32°C (50°F to 90°F). base metal listing the chemical analysis, physical
analysis, heat or lot number, specification used to
manufacture the material

Maximum allowable concrete temperature Limit No rejection shall be made on the basis of
the maximum allowable fresh concrete measurements if fewer than ten adjacent
temperature to 35 °C (95 °F), unless otherwise deformations on each side of the bar are
specified, or unless a higher allowable measured.
temperature is accepted by Architect/ Engineer,
based upon past field experience or
preconstruction testing using a concrete mixture
similar to one known to have been successfully
used at a higher concrete temperature.

   If any tensile property of any tension test

specimen is less than that specified, and any part
of the fracture is outside the middle third of the
gage length, as indicated by scribe scratches
marked on the specimen before testing, a retest
shall be allowed.

If the results of an original tension specimen fail

to meet the specified minimum requirements and
are within 2000 psi [14 MPa] of the required
tensile strength, within 1000 psi [7 MPa] of the
required yield point, or within two percentage
units of the required elongation, a retest shall be
permitted on two random specimens for each
original tension specimen failure from the lot.
Both retest specimens shall meet the
requirements of this specification.
If a weight [mass] test fails for reasons other than
flaws in the specimen as described in 14.6, a
retest shall be permitted on two random
specimens from the same lot. Both retest
specimens shall meet the requirements of this