Anda di halaman 1dari 12

DAFTAR ISI

JUDUL .........................................................................................................
i
PENGESAHAN...............................................................................................
ii
PERNYATAAN...............................................................................................
iii
ABSTRAK.......................................................................................................
iv
ABSTRACT......................................................................................................
v
KATA PENGANTAR......................................................................................
vi
DAFTAR ISI....................................................................................................
x
DAFTAR TABEL............................................................................................
xii
DAFTAR GAMBAR.......................................................................................
xiii
DAFTAR SINGKATAN..................................................................................
xv
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN...................................................................................
xvi

BAB I PENDAHULUAN.........................................................................
1
1.1 Latar Belakang

x
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
7
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
7
1.4 Kegunaan Penelitian
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
8

BAB II KAJIAN PUSTAKA.....................................................................


9
2.1 Anatomi Sendi Lutut
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
9
2.2 Biomekanik Sendi Lutut
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
14
2.3 Pemeriksaan Sendi Lutut

xi
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
14
2.4 Tatalaksana
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
16
2.5 Identifikasi Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
22

BAB III OBJEK, BAHAN, DAN METODE PENELITIAN...................


27
3.1 Objek Penelitian
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
27
3.2 Bahan dan Metode Penelitian
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
27
3.2.1 Desain Penelitian
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
27
3.2.2 Kriteria Inklusi dan Eksklusi

xii
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
28
3.2.3 Populasi
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
28
3.2.4 Penentuan Besar Sampel
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
28
3.2.5 Alat dan Bahan Penelitian
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
29
3.2.6 Definisi Operasional
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
30
3.2.7 Cara Pelaksanaan Penelitian
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
31
3.2.7.1 Prosedur Penelitian
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
31
3.2.7.2 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian

xiii
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
33
3.2.7.3 Metode Analisis
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
...............................................................................................
34
3.2.8 Pendanaan

35
3.2.9 Aspek Etik
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
35

BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN...........................


37
4.1 Hasil Penelitian
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
37
4.2 Pembahasan
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
45

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN.....................................................


48

xiv
5.1 Kesimpulan
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
48
5.1.1 Kesimpulan Umum
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
48
5.1.2 Kesimpulan Khusus
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
49
5.2 Saran...
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
50

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ....................................................................................


51
LAMPIRAN ...................................................................................................
58
RIWAYAT HIDUP ........................................................................................
66
DAFTAR TABEL

xv
Tabel 3.1 Definisi Operasional.......................................................................

30

Tabel 4.1 Karakteristik Kadaver berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin, Jejak


Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Femoral
dan Tibia,
Cruciate Ridge dan Resident’s Ridge ............................................
.........................................................................................................
39
Tabel 4.2 Karakteristik Panjang dan Lebar Jejak Ligamentum
Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Femoral
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
40
Tabel 4.3 Karakteristik Aksis Mayor Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum
anterior Anteromedial bundle dan Posterolateral bundle pada
Sisi Femoral
.......................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................
41
Tabel 4.4 Karakteristik Panjang dan Lebar Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum
Anterior pada Sisi Tibia
........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................
42
Tabel 4.5 Karakteristik Jarak antara Tepi Anterior Jejak Ligamentum
Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Tibia dengan Tepi Anterior
Kondilus Tibia (X1) dan Jarak antara Tepi Posterior Jejak
Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Tibia dengan Tepi
Anterior Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Posterior pada
Sisi Tibia (X2)

xvi
.......................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................
44

xvii
DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Penampang sendi lutut pada bidang transversal yang


memperlihatkan aspek superior dan inferior..............................
10
Gambar 2.2 Hasil pencitraan dengan CT 3D memperlihatkan orientasi
anteromedial bundle dan posterolateral bundle dari
Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior.
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
12
Gambar 2. 3. MRI genu sagittal view menunjukkan gambaran ACL dan
sebuah model genu dengan insersi ligamen krusiatum
anterior dan ligamen krusiatum posterior
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
13
Gambar 2.4 Anatomi Insersi ACL pada Sisi Tibia dan Femoral....................
23
Gambar 2.5 Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Tibia dan
Femoral.......................................................................................
26
Gambar 3.1. Diagram skematik Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior
pada Femur
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
34

xviii
Gambar 4.1 Sisi Medial Kondilus Lateral Femur .........................................
38
Gambar 4.2 Cruciate Ridge (keterangan: panah hitam tebal) dan
Resident’s Ridge
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
39
Gambar 4.3 Pengukuran jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior pada sisi
femoral
....................................................................................................
....................................................................................................
41
Gambar 4.4 Pengukuran Jarak antara Tepi Anterior Jejak Ligamentum
Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Tibia dengan Tepi Anterior
Kondilus Tibia (X1) dan Jarak antara Tepi Posterior Jejak
Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior pada Sisi Tibia dengan Tepi
Anterior Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Posterior pada
Sisi
Tibia (X2)...................................................................................
43
Gambar 4.5 Pengukuran Jejak Ligamentum Krusiatum Anterior pada sisi

tibia.............................................................................................
43

xix
DAFTAR SINGKATAN

ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament


AM Anteromedial
LCL Lateral Collateral Ligament
MARS The Multicenter Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Revision
Study
MCL Medial Collateral Ligament
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
PCL Posterior Cruciate Ligament
PL Posterolateral
SD Standar Deviasi

xx
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1. Persetujuan Etik.........................................................................


58
Lampiran 2. Surat Permohonan Ijin & Bantuan Penelitian kepada Kepala
Divisi Anatomi
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
..................................................................................................
59
Lampiran 3. Foto-foto saat penelitian...........................................................
60
Lampiran 4. Tabel Pengolahan Data Secara Umum.....................................
62

xxi