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Literature Review: The Influence of Social Media on Students’ Academic Achievement

Reference Objectives Of Research Participants / Member’s


No. Research Methodology Qual / Quan Findings
Bibliography (RO / RQ) Sample Name
1 Lee Cheng Ean - (RO1): To identify First and - The two research Qualitative - The data presented in this Hjh. Asma
&Teh Phoey aspects of students’ second year of questions are explored Study study shows that students
Lee, (2016). interactions via undergraduate through a qualitative were not actively engaging
Educational use Facebook closed students in the study of the content of with the lecturer and peers
of Facebook by group page? Department of Facebook closed group throughout the seven weeks
undergraduate Communicati page. of study because the
students in - (RQ1) What aspects on (n = 107), - The period of data interaction pattern of the
Malaysia higher of students’ who are collection is from 26 Facebook groups is mainly
education: A interactions via studying March 2015 to 31 May based around course-related
case study of a Facebook closed Bachelor of 2015 (the beginning of matters.
private group page? Arts (Hons) in March semester to the - Students have used
university Communicati mid-semester for two Facebook as a platform to
- (RO2): To find on. months). make announcement as
evidence of Facebook - The data was analysed well as to seek clarification
use in students’ using the constant on course-related matters
interactions for their comparison technique. while the Lecturer has
university studies? - The data were coded in utilised this platform for
categories and relate communication with the
- (RQ2) What evidence these categories to the students beyond the
of Facebook use in two research questions classroom.
students’ interactions outlined in this study.
for their university
studies?
- (RO1): To assess the Hjh. Asma
positive effects of
social media on the
The
students' academic - No differences were found
respondents
performances. between students'academic
were 371
achievements and their
undergraduate - Used a survey
- (RQ1): What are the positive and negative social
s of Alberoni questionnaire that
positive effects of media use.
Ahmad Jahed University include 16 Lickert scale
social media on the - Socialmedia seemed to be
Mushtaq that questions.
academic modern tools of learning for
&Abdelmadjid were - The items of the
performances undergraduates in
Benraghda, randomly questionnaire were
ofstudents? afghanistan to improve
(2018). The selected from adapted from the
their learning process,
Effects of nine faculties previous study Quantitative
2 - (RO2): To assess the receive university-related
Social Media on of Medical, questionnaires. Approach
negative effects of issues and get other
the Engineering, - The SPSS
social media on the necessary information.
Undergraduate Political software,specifically,
students' academic - Their negative effects
Students’ Sciences, descriptive tests and
performances. seemed to be very poor as
Academic Journalism, One Way Analysis of
compared to their positive
Performances. Islamic law, Variance (ANOVA)
- (RQ2): What are the effects as theydescribed
Language and were employed to
negative effects of that too much use of social
literature, analyse the survey data
social media on the media as a concern, which
Education,
academic wastes their time and
Economic and
performances of money.
Agriculture.
students?

Abdul Halim -(RO1): Mengenalpasti -162 orang -Borang soal selidik Quantitative - Dapatan kajian menujukkan
3 - Yulizah
Bin Ahmad & tahap penggunaan pelajar yang telah digunakan sebagai Approach pelajar di Politeknik Kuala
Mohd Najib Bin aplikasi rangkaian mengikuti instrumen kajian ini Terengganu boleh
Husin, 2016, sosial program manfaatkan penggunaan
Penggunaan dalam kalangan pelajar. Diploma aplikasi rangkaian
Aplikasi Kejuruteraan sosial dengan
Rangkaian -(RO2):Mengenalpasti Elektrik mempelbagaikan kaedah
Sosial Dalam tahap penggunaan (Perhubungan pembelajaran seperti
KalanganPelajar aplikasi rangkaian ) dan melaksanakan pembelajaran
Politeknik sosial bagi Diploma secara kolaboratif.
Kuala tujuan pembelajaran Teknologi
Terengganu dalam kalangan pelajar. Maklumat -Warga pendidik boleh
(Pengaturcara memuat turun bahan
an) yang pengajaran melalui aplikasi
ditawarkan di rangkaian sosial dalam
Politeknik bentuk lebih menarik seperti
Kuala dalam format multimedia
Terengganu. kerana
ianya berkesan dalam
penyampaian ilmu serta
mampu meningkatkan minat
dan
pencapaian akademik pelajar.
- Sampel -Hasil analisis deskriptif
Mohd Shahir (RO1): Mengenal pasti
kajian terdiri menunjukkan berlakunya
Mohamed pendekatan
daripada 120 peralihan pendekatan
Sunar & Ahmad pembelajaran pelajar - Reka bentuk
orang pelajar Quantitative pembelajaran pelajar daripada
4 Jelani Shaari, (permukaan dan eksperimen secara - Yulizah
Kolej MARA Approach pendekatan permukaan
2017, Kesan mendalam) sebelum dan faktorial 2x2
yang kepada pendekatan mendalam
Interaksi selepas menerima
telah dipilih selepas menjalani rawatan
Pendekatan rawatan secara kaedah
secara rawak PBL via Facebook.
Pembelajaran pembelajaran berasaskan untuk
Dan masalah melalui media menjalani -Hasil ujian Anova Dua-Hala
Faktor Jantina sosial Facebook bagi rawatan PBL pula menunjukkan bahawa
Pelajar Ke Atas subjek kimia di Kolej via Facebook kesan utama pendekatan
Pencapaian MARA. pembelajaran terhadap
Subjek pemboleh ubah bersandar
Kimia Melalui (RO2): Mengenal pasti pencapaian pelajar adalah
Kaedah Pbl Via kesan faktor jantina signifikan merentasi jantina
Facebook pelajar ke atas pelajar. Walau bagaimanapun,
pencapaian subjek kesan utama jantina
kimia dalam dan kesan interaksi antara
kalangan pelajar di kedua-dua pemboleh ubah
Kolej MARA yang bebas terhadap pencapaian
menggunakan kaedah pelajar adalah tidak
pembelajaran berasaskan signifikan.
masalah melalui media
sosial Facebook -Hasil kajian ini penting
merentasi pendekatan kerana Kaedah PBL via
pembelajaran Facebook didapati berupaya
(permukaan mendorong
dan mendalam). peralihan amalan pendekatan
(Kesan utama A) pembelajaran pelajar daripada
pendekatan pembelajaran
(RO3): Mengenal pasti permukaan kepada
kesan pendekatan pendekatan pembelajaran
pembelajaran mendalam. Pendekatan
(permukaan dan pembelajaran mendalam
mendalam) ke atas seterusnya membolehkan
pencapaian subjek pelajar
kimia dalam kalangan
pelajar lelaki dan untuk memperoleh pencapaian
perempuan di Kolej akademik yang lebih baik.
MARA
yang menggunakan
kaedah pembelajaran
berasaskan masalah
melalui media sosial
Facebook.
(Kesan utama B)

(RO4): Mengenal pasti


kesan interaksi faktor
jantina dan pendekatan
pembelajaran ke atas
pencapaian subjek
kimia dalam kalangan
pelajar di Kolej
MARA yang
menggunakan
kaedah pembelajaran
berasaskan masalah
melalui media sosial
Facebook.
(Kesan interaksi AxB)
Siti Nor Jabatan
(RO1); Mengenalpasti -Menggunakan data-data - Dapatan kajian
A’khidah Binti Perdagangan,
tahap kecenderungan statistik sebagai medium Quantitative menunjukkan bahawa
5 Samsudin, Politeknik - Yulizah
pelajar menggunakan kajian. Approach keseluruhan nilai min untuk
Zurina Binti Sultan Abdul
sistem rangkaian media mengukur tahap
Abdul Kadir & Halim
Nurhanita Binti sosial sebagai medium Mu’adzam -Kajian yang berbentuk penerimaan pelajar
Mohd Husain, penasihatan akademik. Shah iaitu deskriptif ini merupakan menggunakan sistem
2018, Persepsi seramai 826 kajian yang berbentuk rangkaian media sosial
Pelajar (RQ1): Sejauh manakah orang sebagai tinjauan. sebagai medium
Terhadap tahap kecenderungan populasi di penasihatan akademik adalah
Penggunaan pelajar menggunakan kalangan -Menggunakan kaedah berada di tahap sederhana
Media Sosial sistem rangkaian pelajar soal selidik dalam hingga tinggi (3.46 – 4.41).
Sebagai media sosial sebagai Diploma memperolehi data bagi
Medium medium penasihatan Pemasaran melihat peratusan, min -Ini membuktikan bahawa
Penasihatan akademik? dan Diploma dan kekerapan, sisihan penggunaan sistem rangkaian
Akademik: Satu Akauntansi. piawai dan Cronbach’s media sosial sebagai medium
Kajian Di (RO2): Mengenalpasti Alpha. penasihatan akademik boleh
Kalangan tahap penerimaan dipertimbangkan oleh pihak
Pelajar Jabatan pelajar menggunakan Politeknik secara am bagi
Perdagangan sistem rangkaian media memberikan pilihan alternatif
Politeknik sosial sebagai medium kepada penasihat akademik
Sultan Abdul penasihatan akademik. yang menghadapi kekangan
Halim masa disebabkan oleh
Mu’adzam Shah (RQ2): Sejauh menghadiri mesyuarat dan
manakah tahap kursus disamping itu
penerimaan pelajar ianya dapat membantu
menggunakan sistem menjimatkan masa penasihat
rangkaian media akademik serta pelajar itu
sosial sebagai medium sendiri
penasihatan akademik? sejajar dengan peredaran
teknologi semasa.
- Kajian ini - Menggunakan instrumen -
Mohd Afifi bin (RO1): Memahami - Hasil dapatan kajian
6 hanya soal selidik. Quantitative - Yulizah
Mohd Sarib, profil penggunaan mendapati, pelajar
melibatkan Approach
Hasrol bin internet di kalangan 175 orang - Skala Likert digunakan cenderung menggunakan
Hasnan & pelajar Politeknik Hulu pelajar dari bagi tujuan memudahkan internet bagi tujuan sosial
Nik Mazlan bin Terengganu semester satu proses analisis dan dan hiburan berbanding
Nik Husain, hingga kesimpulan. mencari maklumat dalam
2018, Profil (RQ1):Apakah profil semester 6 pembelajaran.
Dan penggunaan internet di di Politeknik - Data dianalisis secara
Kecenderungan kalangan pelajar Hulu deskriptif dengan -Hasil kajian ini diharapkan
Penggunaan Politeknik Hulu Terengganu. menggunakan min skor dapat
Internet Terengganu? sebagai penilaian. membantu tenaga pengajar
Dikalangan bagi menghadkan
Pelajar (RO2): Mengenalpasti penggunaan internet semasa
Politeknik Hulu kekerapan penggunaan proses
Terengganu internet di kalangan PnP berlangsung supaya
pelajar Politeknik pembelajaran dapat
Hulu Terengganu. dilaksanakan dengan berkesan

(RQ2): Tahap
kekerapan penggunaan
internet di kalangan
pelajar Politeknik Hulu
Terengganu?

(RO3): Mengenalpasti
kecenderungan
penggunaan internet di
kalangan pelajar
Politeknik Hulu
Terengganu.
(RQ3): Apakah
kecenderungan
penggunaan internet di
kalangan pelajar
Politeknik
Hulu Terengganu?
- (RO1) : To determine - The Questionnaire - (RO1) : To
A total sample - The findings first and
the level of exposure of for the data collection was determine the
size of two foremost revealed that students
students of University of administered to the first level of
hundred (200) of university of Ghana are well
Ghana to social media twenty-five (25) students exposure of
students were exposed to
Sites. within each cluster students of
randomly social media networks; all 197
(hall) who were met in University of
selected from respondents use one social
Effect of Social - (RQ1) : What the level their rooms in each Ghana to
the total media platform or the other.
Media on of exposure of students selected hall in order to social media
population of All the
Academic of University of Ghana give equal representation Sites.
thirty eight respondents are on Facebook
Performance of to social media sites ? to
thousand and whatsApp.
Students in all the clusters (halls) and - (RQ1) :
(38,000) in Quantitative
7 Ghanaian - (RO2) : To ascertain also to arrive at the What the
eight (8) Study - This corroborates the
Universities: A how the use of social desired total sample size level of
randomly findings of Wiley and Sisson
Case Study of media has influenced the of two hundred (200) exposure of
selected halls (2006), that
University of academic work of participants. students of
of residence previous studies have found
Ghana, Legon students of University of
out that more than 90% percent of
(2018) University of Ghana. - The questionnaire was Ghana to
the sixteen tertiary school students use
designed by putting up social media
(16) halls of social
- (RQ2) : How the statements which sites ?
University of networks.
students of University of respondents had to rank
Ghana; using
Ghana use of social using a - (RO2) : To
cluster - To ascertain how the use of
media has influenced the likert to indicate their ascertain how
sampling social media has positively
academic work? level of agreement or the use of
method of disagreement. 197 influenced the academic work social media
probability questionnaires were of students has
sampling. retrieved of University of Ghana, four influenced
from the study (giving a statements were outlined and the academic
response rate of 98.5%) respondents were asked to work of
and descriptive statistics indicate students of
was then used to their level of agreement or University of
profile the responses from disagreement. Ghana.
respondents.
- (RQ2) :
How the
students of
University of
Ghana use of
social media
has
influenced
the academic
work?

Abdul Halim - (RO1) : Mengenalpasti Sampel bagi Data yang


- Borang soal selidik telah - Dapatan kajian menunjukkan
Bin Ahmad& tahap penggunaan kajian ini dikumpulka
digunakan sebagai penggunaan aplikasi rangkaian
Mohd Najib Bin aplikasi rangkaian sosial terdiri dari n melalui
instrumen kajian ini. sosial
Husin (2016) dalam kalangan pelajar. 162 orang kajian ini
mempunyai banyak faedah
8 Penggunaan pelajar yang ialah data Anis Asiah
- Kajian rintis telah samada dari aspek sosial
Aplikasi - (RQ2) :Apakah tahap mengikuti yang
dilaksanakan dengan mahupun
Rangkaian penggunaan aplikasi program berbentuk
mengedarkan borang soal pembelajaran.
Sosial Dalam rangkaian sosial dalam Diploma kuantitatif.
selidik
KalanganPelajar kalangan pelajar ? Kejuruteraan Data
Politeknik Elektrik kepada 30 orang pelajar dianalisis - Dapatan kajian juga
Kuala - (RO2) : Mengenalpasti (Perhubungan yang dipilih secara secara menunjukkan penggunaan
Terengganu tahap penggunaan ) dan Diploma rawak.Nilai Cronbach’s deskriptif aplikasi rangkaian
aplikasi rangkaian sosial Teknologi Alpha menggunak sosial bagi tujuan sosial
bagi Maklumat yang didapati adalah an min, mahupun pembelajaran tidak
tujuan pembelajaran (Pengaturcara 0.860. peratus dan berbeza berdasarkan
dalam kalangan pelajar. an) yang sisihan pencapaian akademik pelajar
ditawarkan di piawai. iaitu mengikut nilai
- (RQ2) : Apakah tahap Politeknik HPNM.Samada pelajar
penggunaan aplikasi Kuala terbabit mempunyai nilai
rangkaian sosial bagi Terengganu. HPNM yang rendah atau tinggi
tujuan pembelajaran mereka tetap
dalam kalangan pelajar? menggunakannya bagi tujuan
sosial dan pembelajaran.

-
- A total of - Used a
- (RO1): To examine
sample questionnaire and divided
the level of student
size is 378 into two sections (A and
Osharive Peter, addictiveness to
students. B). Section A is for
(2015). Social social media and the - The result from the
demographic data. Section
Media And influence on their findings of this study
- Randomly B consisted of 20
Academic academic Quantitative showed that, though Social
9 selected questions using likert - Hajjar
Performance Of performance. Approach media have negative
using scale.
Students In - (RQ1): To what effects on teenagers.
confidence
University Of extent would student - Such as lack of privacy,
interval of - The SPSS
Lagos. addictiveness to distracting students from
5 and software, The Pearson
social network their academic work,
confidence Correlation Coefficient
influence their taking most of their
level of was used to determine the
academic 95% reliability. For analysis, productive time, and such
performance? (0.05). using the descriptive like.
- (RO2): To determine statistics of frequency
the social media counts and percentage, - They also have benefits
network that the and inferential statistics of and can be used
students are more Chi-square (x2). appropriately.
exposed to and the - For instance, students can
influence on their form online communities
academic in order to plan for a
performance. project, have group
- (RQ2): Does the discussions about class
social media network material, or use the Social
that the students are networking sites(SNS) as a
more exposed to way to keep in contact
influence their when a student who has
academic been absent needs to be
performance? updated on current
- (RO3): To ascertain academic information.
how the use of social
media has influence - The first independent
the academic variable influencing the
performance of the academic performance of
students in students, that is, social
University of Lagos. media participation was
- (RQ3): How has the negatively related with
use of social media students’ outcome.
influence the
academic - While the other
performance of the independent variables were
students in positively related with
University of Lagos? students’ outcome.
- (RO4): To ascertain
the difference in
students’ usage of
social media network
by gender.
- (RQ4): Is there
gender difference in
the student’s usage
of social media
network?
- (RO5): To ascertain
how age has
influence on
students’ usage of
social media
network.
- (RQ5): In what way
do younger and older
students influence
the use of social
media

Ching Nun - (RO1): To - A total of To collect data from the - social media does interfere
Hoih, (2017). A understand the sample respondents the researcher Quantitative in the academic lives of
10 Study On The effects of Social size is 70 used the tools of: and the people and it impact - Hajjar
Effects Of Media on the respondent - Focus Group Qualitative was of more negative.
Social Media academic s from Discussion (FGD). Students were the most
Among The performance among both the - Interviews. effected group of social
Higher the students of Don stream. - Observation. media and it always has
Secondary Bosco Higher - Questionnaire both the advantages and
Students (14 To Secondary School. - Stratified disadvantages based on
18 Years) - (RQ1): How random person’s. It depends on
A Case Of Don student’s usages of sampling how one’s utilized it and
Bosco Hr. Sec social media is selected makes use of it.
School On influence academic as the - many respondents feel that
Their Academic performance? appropriat social media was very
Performance In - (RO2): To examine e sample helpful in educational life
Churachandpur the relationship method. of the students. The
District, between the use of researcher also finds that
Manipur. social media and the students can perform
academic much better in their studies
performance. in the absence of social
- (RQ2): Does media.
student’s - More than half of the
addictiveness to respondents feel that
social media effects addiction to social media
their academic really does affect the
performance? students and it does distract
- (RO3): To examine their studies.
the challenges faced - Based on the analysis and
by the students findings of the chart, it has
- (RQ3): What are the been shown that there was
challenges faced by no significance difference
the students by using in the using of social media
social media? based on gender as there
- (RO4): To find out was no restriction on using
the gender difference
on the usage of social media and it is open
social media to anyone who interests
- (RQ4): Is there a
gender difference in
the usage of social
media?
Ghulam Shabir - (RO1): To analyze the From the - The descriptive Quantitative - This research finds that the Nur Safinah
(2014). “The influence of social population of method was used to Study excessive users in the
Impact of media on youth social Bahawalpur carry this study. And educational computer labs
Social Media on life youth a survey type research use the social media forms
Youth”. sample of 300 was conducted, for comments, chatting,
- (RQ1) What are the youngsters through the image and video sharing
influence of social was selected questionnaire public and texting etc.
3To assess the media on youth social and none opinion and perception - This average touches the
beneficial and life random was discriminate about almost half of the sampled
preferred form sampling the impact of social population. This shows that
of social media - (RO2) To assess the method was media on youth and they ignore their primary
11 for youth. beneficial and used to select statements was focus on their study and
4. To evaluate preferred form of the sample developed related to research related activities
the attitude of social media for from all over the various aspect of while utilizing the facility
youth towards youth. population youth’s life and of internet in connecting
social media among youth society. with their friends on the
and measure the - (RQ2) What the including social media networking
spending time beneficial and male and forums with their average
on social media. preferred form of female in utilized time between 30 to
5. To analyze social media for Bahawalpur 60 minutes. But the actual
the dependency youth. City. results may cross this
of youth on maximum time period
social media while utilizing the social
and it’s - (RO3) To evaluate the media forms as 13 percent
exhausting in attitude of youth responded that they use it
life routine. 6. towards social media more than 2 hours in a
To recommend and measure the single day.
some measure spending time on - Their important features
for proper use social media. while using social media
of social media are SMS, video clips
in right - (RQ3) How the sharing links and
direction to attitude of youth comments.
inform and towards social media - The informative links and
educate the and measure the the Islamic links are widely
people spending time on shared by the sample
social media. population of this survey
for the fellow users.
- (RO4)To recommend - The users mostly face
some measure for problems such as unwanted
proper use of social messages, unwanted
media in right friends request and
direction to inform controversial political links
and educate the and unethical pictures and
people links, irrelevant religious
- (RQ4) What are the and anti-religious messages
suggestions for and useless information.
proper use of social - Despite agree with the
media in right argument that social media
direction to inform is affecting the life of the
and educate the youth, the sampled youth
people? population is continuously
using the social media
forms in all the Pakistan
including in rural areas
where the internet facility
is available. It has
deliberately affected the
physical and sports
activities which is being
replaced by social media.
Jamiah Manap, - (RO1) Untuk - 750 orang - Fasa pengumpulan Kajian - Kajian mendapati, secara Nur Safinah
(2016). meneroka penggunaan remaja data pertama Quantitatif purata remaja generasi Z
Penggunaan dan media sosial terhadap yang melibatkan dan yang dikaji menggunakan
Implikasi Media remaja generasi Z di berusia di pengumpulan data Qualitatif media sosial selama 11.6
Sosial Terhadap Malaysia antara 13 terhadap 750 orang jam sehari.
Remaja - (RQ1) Bagaimanakah hingga 21 remaja yang berusia di - Penggunaan media sosial
Generasi Z corak penggunaan tahun antara 13 hingga 21 mencapai tahap yang
media sosial terhadap menggunak tahun menggunakan kritikal apabila sebilangan
remaja generasi Z di an borang borang soal selidik remaja akhir memperakui
Malaysia soal selidik Profil Generasi Z. bahawa mereka
- (RO2) Untuk Profil - Fasa pengumpulan menggunakan internet
12
meninjau implikasi Generasi Z. data kedua pula selama 24 jam.
media sosial terhadap - Temu melibatkan temu - Dapatan kajian
remaja generasi Z di ramah ramah dalam talian menunjukkan bahawa
Malaysia. dalam terhadap 20 orang sebanyak lapan (8) jenis
- (RQ2) Apakah talian mahasiswa di aplikasi media sosial
implikasi media sosial terhadap Universiti Awam yang digunakan secara meluas
terhadap remaja 20 orang berusia di antara 19-21 oleh remaja yang dikaji
generasi Z di mahasiswa tahun iaitu Facebook, Youtube,
Malaysia di Twitter, blog, Whatsapp,
Universiti WeChat, Telegram dan
Awam Instagram.
yang - Kajian kes terhadap 20
berusia di orang informan mendapati
antara 19- implikasi penggunaan
21 tahun media social adalah untuk
berhubung dengan
keluarga, rakan, memantau
perkembangan ahli
keluarga serta
perkembangan terkini.
Selain itu boleh
mempelajari perkara baru,
mengukuhkan jaringan,
sumber pendapatan online,
mendokumentasi
pemikiran, bakat dan minat
disamping menjimatkan
kos untuk berhubung.

Ahmed - (RO1): to assess the 57 students of - A cross-sectional study Quantitative - This study shows that the Nurul Izzah
Tawfeeq impact of social second year was conducted among using of social media gave
Alahmar (2016) media on the students’ Medical the students positive impacts on
The impact of academic students’ at - A questionnaire students’ grades because
social media on performance College of consisted of 20 most of the students were
13 the academic and grades Medicine, questions was designed using social media for
performance of University of for the current study to academic purposes, to
second year - (RQ1) What are the Babylon, Iraq. solicit data and was collaborate to complete
medical the impacts of social hosted in survey their assignments and to
students at media on the students’ hosting website enhance their interaction
College of academic (www.surveygizmo.co with their teachers so it was
Medicine, performance m) to allow students to an electronic learning tool
University of and grades fill the questionnaire rather
Babylon, Iraq online using computers, than a source for
- (RO2): To discover mobile distraction.
the habits and reasons phones or tablets (using
of using social media multiple choice and
in their studies open-ended questions).
- Data were analyzed
- (RQ2) How students using SPSS 22.0 and
spend the social Microsoft Excel 2010.
media in their daily Data were assessed for
life and what are the normality distribution
reasons of using them. by Shapiro-Wilk test
and histograms where
appropriate.
Mohammad - to investigate the role A total - Questionnaire was used Quantitative - The result showed the Nurul Izzah
Said Ibrahim of student number of 227 as the main data multidimensionality of
Alshuaibi and engagement as a business collection technique, student engagement. It also
Ahmad Said potential mediator students in which was personally indicated that
Ibrahim between social media one of the administered during cognitive engagement
Alshuaibi, use and academic public class sessions. Data mediated the relationship
Faridahwati performance of universities were analyzed using between social media and
14
Mohd. college students in in Malaysia structural equation academic performance, but
Shamsudin and Malaysia. were modeling-partial least not
Darwina randomly square (SEM-PLS) behavioral, emotional, or
Ahmad Arshad chosen to agentic engagement. The
(UUM, Sintok). participate in result suggests that social
Use of social this study media has the potential to
media, student be
engagement, used in a learning
and academic environment as it promotes
performance of cognitive engagement of
business students in class and
students subsequently
in Malaysia their academic performance
(2017) and success.
57 students of Quantitative -Time spent by students on Rasyadah
-Second year medical
- RO1): To determine second year social media and facebook Shalihah
students (n=57)
the type of social media medical messenger was correlated with (G 1815816)
completed online
they use frequently. students of combined grades of physiology
Ahmed questionnaire about the
College of and anatomy courses.
Tawfeeq type of social media they
- (RQ1): What is the Medicine, -All students have been using
Alahmar, use frequently, time spent
type of social they use University of facebook and 96.5% have been
(2016). The on these media in hours
frequently? Babylon, Iraq using facebook messenger.
impact of social per day, the reasons for
-Other popular applications
media on the use of these media and
- (RO2): To measure the were telegram, instagram and
academic the effect of social media
time spent on these ask.fm.
15 performance of on their grades.
media in hours per day. -Average time spent on social
second year
media was 5.07± 2.93 and on
medical - A questionnaire
- (RQ2): How many facebook messenger was 1.80
students at comprised of 20
hours on using of social ±1.45 hours per day. -Forty-
College of questions and was mostly
media in hours per day? two percent of students
Medicine, multiple choice types
reported that social media have
University of with some open-ended
- (RO3): To identify the positive effect on their
Babylon, Iraq questions and was
reasons for use of these academic performance.
designed for the current
media. -No correlation has been found
study to solicit data and
between time spent on social
was hosted in survey
media or facebook messenger
- (RQ3): What is the hosting website and students combined grades
reason they use the (www.surveygizmo.com). of physiology and anatomy.
media? -To conclude, social media and
facebook and facebook
- (RO4): To assess the messenger are very popular
effect of social media on - The students were also among second year medical
their grades. asked to provide the students.
cumulative grade out of -Time spent on social media
-(RQ4): How social 40 for two major subjects seems to have no influence on
media gives impact to (physiology and second year medical students’
their grades? anatomy). grades and academic
performance.
- SPSS 22.0 (IBM SPSS,
Chicago, IL) and
Microsoft Excel 2010
(Microsoft Corporation,
Seattle, WA) software for
Windows were used for
statistical analysis.

- Unpaired Student’s t-test


or One way Analysis of
Variance (ANOVA) were
used to compare means of
different variables and
Pearson’s correla-tion
coefficient was applied to
correlate time spent on
social media
Sandra - (RO1): To examine The sample of Quantitative -The dependent variable of the Rasyadah
Okyeadie the impact of time 102 students model is students’ academic Shalihah
Mensah & Dr. appropriateness on from Erican performance and the (G 1815816)
Ismail Nizam, students’ academic College independent variables
(2016). The performance of social (predictors) are privacy
Impact Of media. problems, time
Social Media appropriateness, and duration,
On Students’ - (RQ1): What is the -A random sampling nature of usage, networking
Academic impact on students’ technique was used with and addiction. As indicated by
Performance- A academic performance two department of schools the R Square, the predictors
Case Of of social media on time are involved. explain 50.5% of variation in
Malaysia appropriateness? - 120 questionnaires will students’ academic
Tertiary be distributed in both performance.
Institution - (RO2): To examine the colleges -There is a negative and
impact of nature of - A scale of 1-5 will used significant influence of time
16
usage on students’ to finger out respondent appropriateness on social
academic performance. pact to questions enquired. media platform and students’
-The reasearchers use academic performance because
- (RQ2): How social SPSS in order to analyze the beta (-0.303) is negative
media give impact of the collected data for the and the p-value (0.000) is less
nature of usage on findings of the study. than 0.05. This means that
students’ performance? students that spend more time
on social media platforms for
- (RO3): To examine the mere casual chats are most
impact of health likely to see a drop in their
addiction on students’ academic’s performance.
academic performance. -There is no significant
influence between time
- (RQ3): What are the duration on social media
impact on health platforms and students’
addiction on students’ academic performance because
academic performance? some students can spend time
on social media platforms and
- (RO4): To examine the yet their performance for the
impact of time duration semester or academic year
on students’ academic remains the same.
performance. -There is a positive and
significant relationship
- (RQ4): What is the between Friend-People
impact of students’ time connections and students’
management on academic performance because
students’ academic students can form study groups
performance? which facilitates better means
through which students
- (RO5): To examine the improve on their studies.
impact of friends and -There is a positive and
people connection on significant influence of Nature
students’ academic of Usage with students’
performance. academic performance.
-There is a significant
- (RQ5): What is the relationship between internet
impact on friends and addiction and students’
people connection on academic performance because
students’ academic the more addicted one is to the
performance? internet the more time they
spend on it without taking into
- (RO6): To examine the consideration their meal.
impact of -There is no significant
security/privacy influence of privacy/security
problems on students’
problems on students’ academic performance because
academic performance. of the changes that are been
made frequently on these
- (RQ6) What are the social media platforms which
impact of could have the concentration
security/privacy problem of students on their studies and
on students’ academic affect examination score.
performance? -The Pearson’s correlation
coefficients of four
independent are correlated
with student’s academic
performance while two are not.
- The regression analysis four
variables are significant which
include: Time appropriateness,
people-friend connection,
nature of Usage and health
addiction while Time duration
and security/privacy problems
are not significant.
- The abnormal use of Social
media platforms by students, it
is expedient that Universities
and colleges in Malaysia
educate their students to
positively use these platforms
for educational purposes which
will eventually result in a
positive impact on their
academic performance.
M. Owusu- - (RO1): To examine the -Out of one -A set of questionnaires Qualitative -1408(93.4%) responded in the Rasyadah
Acheaw & impact of social media thousand five was designed by affirmative whilst 100(6.6%) Shalihah
Agatha Gifty on academic hundred and the researchers to collect responded in the negative on
Larson, (2018). performance among the seventy-eight information and data. the on the issue of having
Use of Social students. copies of the -After the collection of mobile phone.
Media and its questionnaire data, the results were -Majority of
Impact on - (RQ1): Does the use of distributed, analysed with the use of the respondents representing
Academic social media sites have one the SPSS. 85.0% indicated that they had
Performance of any impact on student’s thousand five -Respondents were given internet facility on their
Tertiary academic performance? hundred and between 20- phones.
Institution eight were 30minutes to complete the -From the research, they found
Students: A - (RO2): To identify the retrieved questionnaires. that Facebook 1002 represents
Study of benefits obtained from which 66.4%, WhatsApp 301
Students of using the social media. represented a representing 19.9%, Twitter 94
17
Koforidua response rate representing 6.2%, Skype with
Polytechnic, - (RQ2): What are the of 95.5 %. 51 representing 3.3 %,
Ghana. benefits they derive -The sample MySpace with 2.9 % and
from using social size from all Yahoo Messenger having 1.3%
media? the three respectively.
schools -In terms of spending time on
- (RO3): To ascertain of the social media sites, 66.3 %
what students use social Polytechnic indicated that they spent thirty
media sites for namely minutes to one hour, 485
School of respondents representing
- (RQ3): Why do student Business and 32.2%
visit their social media Management spent between two to three
sites? Students, hours and the last group of 22
School of
Engineering respondents representing 1.5%
and School of said they spent between
Applied four to five hours a day on the
Science and social media sites.
Technology. -86.8% said they use the social
media to chat with friends, 104
representing 6.8% use it to
download music and video and
96 respondents representing
6.4% use it for academic
work.it means that majority of
respondents, 96.6% do not use
the social media
sites for academic work.
-In terms of social media
affects their academic work,
80.1% answered in the
affirmative whilst 164
representing 18.6% gave a
negative respond, while 2.3%
were not certain.
-In terms of the use of social
media had improved their
academic work, 19.9%
responded in the
affirmative, whilst 87 5.7%
were not sure.
-The implication is that the
use of social media may likely
not bring any improvement in
the academic work of
respondents.

GEN Y: A Responses Questionnaire was The findings showed that the


RQ1: What is the most
STUDY ON from 185 developed in conducting most popular social media site
popular social media site
SOCIAL foundation this study. The items in among youth is Facebook. The
among foundation
MEDIA USE students were the questionnaire include results are in line with the
AND students? obtained from demographic, purpose of results of studies by previous
OUTCOMES all courses at using social media and researchers that Facebook
RO1: To explore the
(Gen Y: Kajian Kolej outcomes of social media.
popularity of the social indeed is the most preferable
Penggunaan Universiti Questionnaire was self-
media sites among youth This study social media site (Saodah et
Media Sosial Islam developed by the
employed a al., 2012; Lenhart et al., 2010).
dan Hasil) Selangor researchers thus; pilot test
quantitative Because of the prevalence of
Faradillah (KUIS), was conducted among 30
research
18 Iqmar Omar Malaysia. All students to check Syamimi
RQ2: What are the design using social media sites, the students
International respondents reliability of the
purposes of social media a structured are increasingly aware of
Islamic from different instrument. Pilot test others’ values through access
use among foundation survey
University backgrounds revealed a reliability score
students?
method. to friends’ posts and profile
College which of Cronbach Alpha .926
Selangor Nor included which suggested that the information
Azlili Hassan RO2: To find out the different questionnaire is valid to
Iza Sharina purpose of social media gender, age be used. Data were
Sallehuddin use among youth and place of analyzed using Statistical -These findings are supported
Universiti residence Package for Social by Sheldon (2008) who found
Tunku Abdul were given the Sciences (SPSS WIN that students use social media
Rahman Nor questionnaire 20.0). Analysis of data to pass time, be entertained
Hafizah RQ3: What are the to be includes the descriptive and maintain relationship with
Abdullah outcomes of social answered. statistics of frequency and others. It seemed that
Universiti media use on students’ percentage among all the foundation students were using
Sultan Zainal respondents social media to communicate
academic performance?
Abidin with others as well as to
RO3: To determine the occupy free time when they are
outcomes of social bored.
media use on students’
academic performance
RO1: Mendapatkan
maklumat lanjut
berkaitan kepentingan
media di dalam
Pengajaran pembelajaran pelajar 1) Pengajaran berasaskan klip
Berasaskan RQ1: Apakah video adalah sangat berkesan
Video Dalam kepentingan media di Kajian Literatur ke atas untuk dipraktikkan dalam
Pembelajaran dalam pembelajaran sumber yang sedia ada pengajaran dan pembelajaran.
Berpusatkan pelajar? seperti buku rujukan,
19 Pelajar:Analisis rujukan tesis terdahulu Kualitatif 2) Cadangan penyelidik agar Kamal Ismail
dan Kajian RO2: Mengenalpasti dan bahan-bahan para pendidik diberikan latihan
Kritikal, keberkesanan elektronik daripada yang padu dalam
Syamsulaini Pengajaran Berasaskan internet. menghasilkan video untuk
Sidek, Mashitoh Video Dalam tujuan pengajaran dan
Hashim (2016) Pembelajaran pembelajaran.
Berpusatkan Pelajar
RQ2: Bagaimanakah
Pengajaran Berasaskan
Video memberikan
kesan optimum di dalam
pembelajaran pelajar?
Kajian ini
melibatkan
RO1: Mengenal pasti 100 pelajar
persepsi pelajar tentang prasiswazah
penggunaan media sosial yang
dalam pembelajaran mengikuti
Bahasa Inggeris kursus
RQ1: Apakah yang anda pengukuhan
faham tentang Bahasa
Aplikasi Media penggunaan media sosial Inggeris. Kajian ini telah mengenal pasti
Sosial Dalam dalam pembelajaran Pelajar-pelajar persepi pelajar prasiswazah
Borang soal selidik telah
Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggeris? yang terlibat terhadap penggunaan media
digunakan sebagai
Bahasa dalam kajian sosial dalam pengajaran
instrumen kajian ini
20 Inggeris: ini Kuantitatif Bahasa Inggeris. Facebook Kamal Ismail
Persepsi Pelajar RO2: Mengenal pasti dikehendaki didapati sangat popular dalam
Data dianalisis secara
Universiti, Kee kekuatan dan kelemahan terlibat secara kalangan pelajar dan media
deskriptif
Man Chuah penggunaan media sosial aktif dalam sosial ini banyak digunakan
(2012) dalam pembelajaran aktiviti- untuk tujuan perbincangan.
Bahasa Inggeris. aktiviti
RQ2: Bagaimanakah berasaskan
penggunaan media sosial media sosial
membantu anda yang
meningkatkan dijalankan
penguasaan Bahasa melalui laman
Inggeris? e-
pembelajaran
kursus
berkenaan.
Media sosial
yang dipilih
ialah Wiki,
Facebook,
Twitter dan
YouTube
21
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