Anda di halaman 1dari 8

COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS OF OLD AGE

SYSTEM

HEALTH PROBLEMS

HEALTH PROMOTION

STRATEGIES

CVS

HTN, IHD, CCF, ARRHYTHMIAS,

Exercise regularly; avoid

VHD, PVD

smoking; eat a low-fat,

low-salt diet;

stress-reduction activities;

check blood pressure

regularly; medication

compliance; weight control

RESPIRATORY

PNEUMONIA, COPD, DYSPNOEA

Exercise regularly; avoid

smoking; take

adequate fluids to liquefy

secretions;

receive yearly influenza

immunization

NEUROLOGIC

PD, AD, INSOMNIA, DEMENTIA,

Pace teaching; with

DEPRESSION, ANXIETY

hospitalization, encourage

visitors; enhance sensory

stimulation; with

sudden confusion, look for

cause; encourage

slow rising from a resting

position

GASTRO

CONSTIPATION, INCONTINENCE,

Use mouthwash;

INTESTINAL

COLORECTAL CANCER,

massage gums daily;

ANOREXIA, RECTAL PROLAPSE,

receive regular dental

HEMORRHOIDS

care; eat small, frequent

meals; limit

antacids; eat a high-fiber,

low-fat diet; toilet

regularly; drink

adequate fluids

MUSCULO

OSTEOPOROSIS, RA,

Exercise regularly; eat a

SKELETAL

OSTEOARTHRITIS,

high-calcium diet;

FRACTURES, GAIT

limit phosphorus intake;

DISTURBANCES

take calcium and

vitamin D supplements as

prescribed

GENITOURINARY

URINARY INCONTINENCE, UTI,

drink adequate fluids;

PROSTATE WNLARGEMENT,

avoid bladder irritants (eg.

CERVICAL CANCER, SEXUAL

caffeinated beverages,

DYSFUNCTION

alcohol, artificial

sweeteners); pelvic floor

muscle exercises, consider

urologic workup

FACTORS AFFECTING HEALTH PROMOTION

PHYSIOLOGIC:

  • - SLEEP

  • - SENSORY IMPAIRMENTS

  • - MOBILITY AND BALANCE

PSYCHOLOGICAL:

  • - AGEISM

  • - MULTIPLE LOSSES

  • - NEGLECT AND ABUSE

TIPS FOR HEALTHY AGING

BALANCED DIET REGULAR EXERCISE REGULAR CHECKUPS NO SMOKING SAFETY HABITS CONTACT WITH FAMILY NO OVEREXPOSURE TO SUN/ COLD POSITIVE ATTITUDE