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The Ateneo Diplomatic Corps

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Dear Delegate,
On behalf of the Ateneo Diplomatic Corps (ADC) and the 2nd Xavier University Model United Nations Secretariat, it is with great joy to
congratulate and welcome you to the annual Xavier University Model United Nations (XUMUN). We, the Secretariat, take great pride to tell
you that the XUMUN is by far the only MUN Conference independently conducted throughout Mindanao. The XUMUN is made possible
due to the experience, effort, and grit of both alumni and undergraduates of the International Studies program of Xavier University – Ateneo
de Cagayan.
However, the XUMUN was established from the humblest beginnings. It is still young and needs many improvements, and in order for that to
materialize we hope to pass you the “MUN Fever” and continue and develop our XUMUN. I strongly encourage you to learn and enjoy as
much as you can while having fun because the MUN is not a venue for competition and glory, it is a venue to learn, grow, and experience first
hand on how diplomats work in the United Nations arena. Here, you will face horrific issues, battle your own values with your nation’s foreign
policy, and negotiate endlessly with other delegates to pass a needed resolution. This is more than just an academic simulation, the MUN is
considered by many a life changing experience. For many they attained the best of friends or the best of frenemies, for some they found their
calling in the Foreign Service, or in economics, or in political fields, and for few they found their forever, and only you can choose how your
MUN experience will go.
The XUMUN may be a 1-day Conference, but the Secretariat and I will ensure you that this year’s XUMUN will be fruitful and exhilarating.
May the MUN Fever be passed unto you so that you many continue and develop our XUMUN. Please study well this Primer, understand
thoroughly your Country Assignment, read credible news articles, and prepare your best because we are truly excited to meet you.
Respectfully,
Ted Lorenzo Lago
Secretary-General
The United Nations
Overview
The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. It is currently made up of 193
Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and
principles contained in its founding Charter.
Due to the powers vested in its Charter and its unique international character, the United Nations can take
action on the issues confronting humanity in the 21st century, such as peace and security, climate change,
sustainable development, human rights, disarmament, terrorism, humanitarian and health emergencies,
gender equality, governance, food production, and more.

Main Organs
The main organs of the UN are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social
Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat. All were
established in 1945 when the UN was founded.
(The following information is a material from the official page of United Nations. The aforementioned is used for the purpose of educating delegates
with regards to the United Nations as an international organization.)
Reference: http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/index.html
The United Nations
General Assembly
The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN. All 193
Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with
universal representation. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission
of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Decisions
on other questions are by simple majority.

Security Council
The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the UN Charter, for the maintenance of
international peace and security. It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members). Each
Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council
decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act
of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods
of adjustment or terms of settlement.

(The following information is a material from the official page of United Nations. The aforementioned is used for the purpose of educating delegates
with regards to the United Nations as an international organization.)
Reference: http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/index.html
The United Nations
Economic and Social Council
The Economic and Social Council is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and
recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as implementation of
internationally agreed development goals. It is the United Nations’ central platform for reflection, debate,
and innovative thinking on sustainable development.

Trusteeship Council
The Trusteeship Council was established in 1945 by the UN Charter, under Chapter XIII, to provide
international supervision for 11 Trust Territories that had been placed under the administration of seven
Member States, and ensure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the Territories for self-government
and independence. By 1994, all Trust Territories had attained self-government or independence. By a
resolution adopted on 25 May 1994, the Council amended its rules of procedure to drop the obligation to
meet annually and agreed to meet as occasion required.

(The following information is a material from the official page of United Nations. The aforementioned is used for the purpose of educating delegates
with regards to the United Nations as an international organization.)
Reference: http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/index.html
The United Nations
International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the
Peace Palace in the Hague (Netherlands). The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law,
legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by
authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.

Secretariat
The Secretariat comprises the Secretary-General and tens of thousands of international UN staff members
who carry out the day-to-day work of the UN as mandated by the General Assembly and the
Organization's other principal organs. The Secretary-General is chief administrative officer of the
Organization, appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a
five-year, renewable term.

(The following information is a material from the official page of United Nations. The aforementioned is used for the purpose of educating delegates
with regards to the United Nations as an international organization.)
Reference: http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/index.html
The Xavier University Model United Nations

Model United Nations


Model United Nations, also known as Model UN or MUN, is an academic simulation of the United
Nations where students play the role of delegates from different countries and attempt to solve real world
issues with the policies and perspectives of their assigned country. This activity takes place at MUN
conferences, which is usually organized by a high school or college MUN club. Numerous students
participate in Model United Nations, which involves substantial researching, public speaking, debating, and
writing skills, as well as critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership abilities*.

*https://bestdelegate.com/what-is-model-united-nations/
The Xavier University Model United Nations
The Founding of the XU-MUN
The idea of Model United Nations (MUN) is poorly known throughout the University, even up to now.
Some still refer to MUN as a fashion/pageant organization simply because the word “Model” is in the
name. The Ateneo Diplomatic Corps (ADC), during the Rodrigora Administration, once attempted to
conduct its first MUN in SY 2016. Despite the handful of experienced MUNers in the administration and
sufficient resources, only 5 delegates registered and ADC was forced to cancel it.

ADC then had a new administration in SY 2017, the Lagare Administration. The Education and Culture
Attaché that time was Ted Lorenzo Lago and his Associate Education and Culture Attaché and protegée
was Rhona Mae Mecarte, and they badly wanted to establish the 1st Xavier University Model United
Nations (XUMUN). They knew they could not accomplish a full-scale MUN and can only expect limited
participation, so they agreed to let the 1st XUMUN be an awareness program that such activity exists
specifically for International Studies majors, yet without compromising the academic setting. After a month
of planning, revisions, and applications, the 1st XUMUN was conducted in 3 February 2018 in a
partnership with the American Corner Cagayan de Oro.

However, much improvement is needed and many challenges must be addressed such as the need to create
the XUMUN Charter, but that will be for the upcoming administrations to decide.
The XU-MUN Purposes and Objectives
XU-MUN Purposes/Objectives
The purpose of the Model UN is that it encourages the participants to be competitive and knowledgeable
about their assigned countries, defend their stand on their foreign and domestic policies, negotiate to
compromise whilst compromise to negotiate for peace and economic development in a multilateral level
(Weiqian, n.d.).

Objective of the Program


The 1st objective of the 2nd XUMUN is to pass the MUN Fever to the delegates, especially to the first timers
such as the freshmen and senior high school students by letting them experience the basics and
fundamentals of MUN.

The 2nd objective of the 2nd XUMUN is to further spread its awareness in Xavier University – Ateneo de
Cagayan.
The XU-MUN Secretariat & their Functions
The Secretariat is the principal organizing body of the XU Model United Nations. It is tasked to
administer the program, accommodate the delegates if and when necessary, and providing information to
delegates and non-delegates.

The Secretary-General is the highest-ranking officer of the Secretariat. He/She supervises the overall
implementations and performance of the MUN.

The Deputy Secretary-General works closely with the Secretary-General and manages staff organization,
training, represents the Secretary-General when absent, and approves requests and documents when duly
authorized.

Undersecretary-General (USG) for Administrative Services oversees the venues, conference logistics
and, and maintains the schedule of the program.
The XU-MUN Secretariat & their Functions
USG for Delegate Affairs handles the Country Assignments and committee resources such as the
delegate kits, conference lunch, acceptance letters and certificates, and manages the welfare of the
delegates.

USG for Information Services is tasked in marketing, promoting, maintaining the conference database,
social medias, and communications. Any external communiqué shall be received by this USG.

The USG for General Policy and Procedure is the officer-in-charge of rules and procedures during the
conference and the creation of the Primer and Study Guidelines. He/She also recommends policies
necessary for the program. Furthermore, this USG is the prefecture of the MUN where he/she oversees
the overall proper conduct and protocols among the delegates, Secretariat, and Dais.

The USG for Financial Affairs manages all financial matters such as the program budget, registration fee,
and inventory of all resources.
The XU-MUN Dais
The Dais is consists of a Chair, a Vice-Chair, and a Rapporteur for each UN committee. They are responsible
for moderating every session in the committees and in maintaining a productive and fruitful debate*.

Chair
A member of the Dais that acts the role of moderator, who is in charge of enforcing the rules of procedure
and regulating the flow of debates from the start of the roll call until the resolutions have been passed. As a
moderator, the Chair has absolute parliamentary control whose task also is to ensure that debates and
negotiations in their assigned committees remain focused on the significant agenda at hand. The Chair is
permitted to propose procedural and technical mechanism to ensure the productive flow of proceedings.

Vice Chair
The Vice Chair is the right hand of the Chair, who observes the behavior of each delegate, ensures to maintain
proper decorum, and guarantees the smooth course of the proceedings.

Rapporteur
A member of the Dais whose main duties are taking the roll call, noting the speaker’s list, and keeping track of
the administrative duties in each committee.

*https://bestdelegate.com/what-is-model-united-nations/
Conference Program
Date: January 26, 2019
Venue: Speech Lab 2, Ground Floor, SBM Building, XU Main Campus, Cagayan de Oro City
Time: 8:00 am – 5:00 pm

Conference flow
8:00 am Registration
8:30 am Settling down and lobbying
9:00 am Start of conference
11:45 am Lunch break

1:30 pm Conference shall resume


4:30 pm Closing and awarding
Committees and Topic Agenda
United Nations General Assembly
The General Assembly (GA) is commonly the largest council designation in any Model United Nations
conference. The GA is one of the six principle organs of the United Nations, the GA is considered the primary
deliberative and policymaking organ of the UN. It tackles and makes resolutions concerning any issue within
the scope of the UNs, except for matters that are reserved to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is
specifically concerned with, which are primarily issues that may or have breached peace and security. The GA
undertakes international issues that may be within the parameters of political, economic, humanitarian, social,
and legal spheres. Each member state of the assembly is given one vote; and two-thirds majority are needed to
pass a resolution.

1) Yemeni Crisis
2) Muslims arrested in People’s Republic of China
Code of Conduct
Delegation
Delegates hereby certify by completing the registration process that all information submitted are accurate. The
delegate understands that falsification of any information provided will disqualify him/her in the XU-MUN.

Dress Code
All delegates must be in formal business attire during the conference. Neutral shades are highly encouraged
while bright colored garments must be avoided.

Decorum
Delegates must observe proper decorum. Since this is a diplomatic gathering, all are expected to talk and
socialize modestly and respectfully. If problems will arise during the conference, the delegates must approach
the Secretariat instead of causing troubles or discomfort to others.

Language
English is the official medium of communication for the XU-MUN. Rude and disrespectful words are strictly
prohibited in the conference.
Code of Conduct
Attendance and Participation
All delegates must register on time before the conference starts. Full and active participation is expected
throughout the duration of the conference.

Safety and Security


All delegates must abide to the safety procedures of Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan. The XU-MUN
team is confident to have a safe space for the conference.

Plagiarism
Plagiarism is a crime. The XU-MUN team imposes strict compliance to academic and extra curricular ethics.
Delegates must ensure that outputs are not copied/stolen from other sources. The XU-MUN team has a right
to disqualify any delegate found to be guilty of plagiarism.

Discrimination
This conference is open to all regardless of sex, gender orientation, race, color, religion, etc. All delegates must
respect the beautiful differences of each other.
General Information
Registration
Delegates must fill in the online registration form for the XU-MUN. Accepted delegates will be emailed at least
3 days after their online registration. Delegates must always check their email and the official page of the XU-
MUN for updates and announcements.

IDs and Placards


Name tags and placards will be provided in the conference for the delegate’s identification. The name, country
assignment, committee assignment will be written in these conference paraphernalia. All delegates must wear
their name tags at all time during the XU-MUN conference. The placards shall be treated with care because
these will be used during the conference. Name tags, placards, and other kits provided will serve as a delegate
souvenir after the conference.

Liability
The XU-MUN team shall not be held liable for any damage, theft, or loss during and outside the conference.
Delegates must attend to their valuables at all times.
General Information
Delegates
During the conference, delegates must not base their outputs (oral and written) on their personal view. For a
productive committee session, delegates must research on the topic agenda, the position of his/her country,
know his/her allies, and follow parliamentary procedures. Delegates must always ground their ideas on the
foreign policy of his/her country.

Notes
Note passing is allowed during the XU-MUN conference. This privilege, however, may be revoked by the Chair.

Appeal
A delegate may appeal a decision made by the Chair in the XU-MUN. This privilege, however, is subject to the
approval or rejection of the Chair based on reasonable, valid grounds.
Committee Session
Roll Call
The conference committee session begins with a roll call as the first order of business in which the rapporteur
states loudly the list of member states in the committee in alphabetical order. The roll call determines the
quorum and works as the official attendance of the delegates. “Absent” will be recorded by the rapporteur if a
delegate is not in attendance.

Delegates may respond either “Present” or “Present and voting”. A delegate may choose to be “Present” and
has the right to abstain from voting in any voting bloc such as voting in any substantive matters. Abstain
indicates that a delegate does not support the resolution being voted on, but does not oppose it sufficiently to
vote “no”. A delegate who choose to be “Present and voting” denotes that he/she is present but does not have
the right to abstain from voting in any voting bloc.

Quorum
Quorum is the mandatory minimum number of delegates to be present in a committee in order to begin the
session. In the XU-MUN General Assembly, a quorum of 50% of the delegates is needed to start the debate
and an additional one to balance the discussion on resolutions and on passing a vote. In the XU-MUN Security
Council, a majority of the delegate’s attendance is required to start the session.
Committee Session
Setting the Agenda
The Chair opens the floor and requests for a delegate to set the order of agenda in the committee. The agenda
for XUMUN is already given few weeks before the conference schedule. Therefore, the committee will proceed
to voting procedure on which topic will be tackled first. If there are two different motions being raised, it is
required to have one speaker for each motion to prove their standpoint. The motion that gets the top vote will
be the order of agenda for the committee session.

Presentation of Policy Statements


The committee session will commence after setting the agenda. All delegates need to prepare an opening speech
stating the position of their assigned country on the principal committee-agenda. Delegates are given a
maximum of 60 seconds to verbally deliver their country’s position. The Chair will strictly enforce the time limit
to accommodate all delegates in delivering their opening speeches. It is essential for delegates to formally
present their opening speeches and communicate to the Chair and fellow delegates in a polite and respectful
manner.
General Debate
Motions
A delegate must set the general speaker’s time for the entire committee session. He or she may raise a motion to
set the general speaker’s speaking time. If there is no motion being raised, delegates may raise other motions as
well. A motion is a proposal or suggestion made by a delegate to move the committee or to have something to
do as a whole. Delegates must reflect about the context in which certain motions and points may be raised.
Types of Motions What does it do? When to use? How many votes are
required to pass?
Motion to set the topic A proposal at the General Debate Simple Majority Vote
agenda commencement of a session (50% + 1)
(1-2) or (2-1) that decides which of the two
agendas will be tackled.

Motion to set the Speaker’s A proposal to set duration of General Debate Simple Majority Vote
Time the delegate’s speaking time (50% + 1)
in the Speaker’s Lists.

Motion to Open/Close the A proposal to either open or General Debate No Vote Required
Speaker’s List close the Speaker’s List. or
Simple Majority Vote (50% +
1)
General Debate
Motion for an Exhaustion A proposal to exhaust or end General/Substantive Debate Simple Majority Vote
the remaining time of any (50% + 1)
delegate or caucus.

Motion for an Extension A proposal to extend or General/Substantive Debate Simple Majority Vote
lengthen the time duration of (50% + 1)
any delegate or caucus.

Motion for a Follow-Up A proposal to give a follow-up General/Substantive Debate No Vote Required
Question question to a delegate for any
clarifications that needs
further explanation.

Motion for a Right to Reply A proposal to respond or General/Substantive Debate No Vote Required
reply to a question and
clarification raise by another
delegate.
Motion for a Suspension A proposal to suspend the General/Substantive Debate Simple Majority Vote
debate in progress or the use (50% + 1)
of parliamentary procedure. with Valid Reason
General Debate
Motion to Summon a A proposal to question a General Debate Simple Majority Vote
Delegate delegate from the General (50% + 1)
Assembly, to explain specific with Valid Reason
concerns.

Motion to Table a Resolution A proposal to table or simply Substantive Debate 2/3 Majority Vote
junk a resolution when
considered irrelevant by the
committee.

Motion to move to Voting A proposal to end all debate Substantive Debate Only a second required with
Bloc on resolution and instantly no objections
places the committee into
voting procedures.
General Debate
Points
A point is a query or request by a delegate to clarify uncertain and confusing matters. It is also a request for
information or action concerning the other delegate or other special concerns.
Types of Points What does it do? When to use? How to raise it?
Point of Order A query pointed to the It is raised directly after a “This delegate believes that
concerned party with regards delegate thinks that a member the Chair/the delegate of
to the errors in procedural of the Dais or a fellow ______ made an error in/by...”
matters. delegate made an error in
procedural matters.

Point of Parliament Inquiry A query addressed to the It is raised only when no one is “This delegate would like to
Chair on the procedures of a speaking, if a delegate is inquire about the...”
committee session and on confused with the procedural
how to continue with the matters.
debate.
Point of Personal Privilege A request to the Chair for a It is raised only when no one is All points of personal privilege
delegate to attend to personal speaking. A delegate can only are to be sent via note passers
matters. interrupt a speaker if the stating the reason for the
concern is about its audibility. request. Wait for approval
from the Chair.
General Debate

Point of Information A query from a delegate It is raised only when the Use courteous wording of
that concerns on a Chair opens up the floor a question relating to the
particular matter during for any points after a speech a delegate just
debates. delegate’s speech is delivered.
delivered.

Point of Grievance A point that gives notice to It is raised directly after Use polite phrasing in
the Dais when a particular the offense is committed. giving a notice to the Dais
delegate has committed an about the offense.
offense to a fellow
delegate.
General Debate
General Speaker’s List
The General Speaker’s List befalls before or after a caucus occurs. It is the default debate method of the
conference where the Chair will make a list in order of the delegates who want to address the committee before
voting a resolution. Delegates may wish to add themselves in the General Speaker’s List by raising their placards
for Chair to recognize. Delegates who placed themselves in the General Speaker’s List are given one minute to
speak once the list is created. The Chair will strictly check the duration of each speaker’s time. After a delegate
completed his/her speech in the committee, the Chair may open the floor to points of motion and any delegate
may wish to raise a motion to proceed to unmoderated caucus on the topic being discussed.

Special Speaker’s List


The formation of a Special Speaker’s List is a type of moderated caucus where a specific part of the topic or
issue at hand that requires immediate consideration is discussed. A delegate may wish to motion for a Special
Speaker’s List as soon as the Chair will open the floor for points of motion. The delegate who raises a motion
for the Special Speaker’s List is required to determine:

the purpose
the duration (time limit) of the entire moderated caucus
the time for the delivery of speeches of each delegate
General Debate
During the discussion of resolution, if there is a delegate who did not finish his/her speech in the arranged
time and if there are more than 25 seconds left for his/her speech, that delegate may yield to the following:

to question
his/her time to the Chair
his/her time to another delegate

Yield
There are three ways for a delegate to yield; to question, his/her remaining time to the Chair, and his/her
remaining time to another delegate. If a delegate yield to questions, his/her fellow delegate will raise a question
regarding his/her speech. If there is not a single delegate raises a question, the Chair will choose one delegate to
ask questions about the speech and the delegate who just delivered a speech is obliged to answer every question
for one-minute duration. If a delegate yields its remaining time to the Chair, the Chair will most likely concludes
the speaker’s time, but the Chair can also decide either to move down to the next delegate on the Speaker’s List
or open the floor for questions addressed to the speaker from other delegates. If a delegate yields its remaining
time to another delegate, it permits that delegate to speak in the allowable time added by the time yielded to
him/her. The Chair will move down to the next delegate in the Speaker’s List once the remaining time has been
used.
General Debate
Caucus
A caucus is a type of session in the committee where delegates have the freedom to discuss anything with
regards to the agenda and be able to agree on a resolution. There are two types of caucuses:

Moderated Caucus
Delegates can motion for a moderated caucus when the Chair opens the floor for points or motions. A
moderated caucus will solely be raised for a specific purpose stated by the delegate who motioned for it. The
main objective of a moderated caucus is for the debate to concentrate during discussion on a specific part of
the topic. In raising a motion for moderated caucus, the delegate must specify the following information:

the time to be allotted for the entire caucus


the topic
the speaker’s time

The committee will then proceed to voting procedure where the Chair will only recognize those who are “in
favour of ” or “opposed” to the moderated caucus. A majority vote is required for a moderated caucus to take
place. The Speaker’s List, for the time being, is suspended during a moderated caucus. The Chair will request
for the delegates to speak.
General Debate
Unmoderated Caucus
Unmoderated caucus grants the delegates the chance to communicate informally and casually regarding their
country’s stance on the topic at hand together with lobbying for their working papers and draft resolutions. A
delegate may raise a motion for unmoderated caucus by stating:

the purpose of such motion


the duration (time limit) for the caucus, usually at a maximum of 10 minutes

After the purpose and time is identified, the delegates will cast their votes whether they are “in favour of ” or
“opposed” to an unmoderated caucus. . A majority vote is required for an unmoderated caucus to take place.
General Debate
Lobbying and Negotiations
In a Model UN conference, delegates are expected to develop their abilities to lobby and negotiate with the
purpose of effectively sharing his/her clear and beneficial country’s position on the topic in question. Lobbying
and negotiating are essential skills a delegate must hone. These two skills are necessary for a delegate to
successfully contribute feasible actions and ideas to the agenda and achieve important duties during the
committee session including drafting resolutions and working papers. In addition, negotiating effectively will
lead to a compromise between the other delegates to have a universally accepted resolution. Negotiating is also
a useful ability when there is a crisis situation in the committee where delegates are confronted with difficult
circumstances involving intense debates and discussions. In a crisis situation, delegates are obliged to reason
and debate critically to re-establish peace and order in the committee.

Delegates must be clear on his/her country’s position and objectives in the conference to effectively negotiate
with other delegates. At the very beginning, research is essential so as for delegates to negotiate and lobby easily
with other countries sharing the alike aims and policies. The purpose of lobbying and negotiating is to come to
a compromise once all ideas of each delegates have been addressed to the body, productively criticised, and
approved by majority in the General Assembly and one third in the Security Council with all of the Permanent
5 countries in favor. Delegates are expected to act as the representative of a country. Hence, prejudices and
personal biases and opinions must be omitted from all deliberations and decisions in the committee as much as
possible.
General Debate
Suspension or Adjournment
If three-quarters of the allocated time for the whole committee session has been consumed, a call for a motion
to adjourn the session can be raised by any delegate and be entertained only by the Chair after he/she opens the
floor for motions. This motion needs a majority vote to be passed.

Postponement or Resumption of Debate


A delegate may move to postpone or resume the discussion on a resolution or an amendment of the resolution
after the Chair will open the floor for any points of motion. This motion requires a two-thirds majority vote to
be passed and only if two-thirds of the total time for the committee session has been consumed.

Reconsideration
Once a resolution has been adopted or rejected, a call for motion to reconsider will be considered. The delegate
who can make the move to make a point of reconsideration must be one who voted with the majority. The
Chair will request two delegates against the motion and then proceed after to moderating the voting process.
This motion needs two-thirds of delegate’s votes who are “present and voting”.
General Debate
Closure of Debate
When the floor is opened by the Chair, a delegate may move to close the debate and the Chair will request two
speakers against the motion and no one from the delegates who voted in favour of the motion. This motion
needs a majority vote to be passed. After this motion has been conceded, amendment or resolution on the floor
will be voted on.

Right to Reply
Delegates reserve the right to reply in every questions queries and clarifications directed by the other delegates.
To request for a right to reply, a delegate needs to raise his/her placard straight after the delegate completed
his/her speech in question. When a delegate request for a right to reply, he/she shall be given 30 seconds to
reply and answer to the queries and clarifications that have been raised to him/her.

Grievances and Warnings


If a delegate felt vulnerable or endangered caused by his/her fellow delegate (inside the circumstances only in
representing countries scholastically) by any means, he/she may stand to be recognized by the Chair. After the
grievance has been recognized, the Chair will give the insulting or offending delegate a caution and pay
attention to it.
General Debate
Delegate Aptitude
All delegates need to precisely represent and embody their assigned country’s foreign policy in their debates and
speeches. Should there be any unfavourable and destructive errors committed by any delegate, anyone who
notices such inaccuracies should take an action by means of sending a note to the Chair and identify the
mistakes committed.

If the Chair considers that the mistake made did not disturb the value and flow of debate in the committee
session, the Chair will reply by sending a note to the delegate who committed such mistakes that an inaccuracy
was committed. Nevertheless, if the Chair considers that the mistake did disturb the value and flow of debate
in the committee session, the Chair may notify immediately the entire committee to correct all inaccuracies and
avoid additional mistakes to take place.
General Debate
Crisis Situation
Crisis situation involves sudden and unexpected happenings that necessitate crucial resolution such as natural
calamities, nuclear threats, hostage crisis, abduction, hijacking and any sorts of perilously unforeseen
happenings. Whenever committees are faced with a crisis situation, all current deliberations on the floor will be
set aside and prioritize the adversity first to resolve the crisis.

In a crisis situation, all delegates are requested to present their one-minute policy statements with the subject of
the crisis. All deliberations and making the resolution in resolving the crisis situation need to be done
immediately.
One the crisis situation is resolved; committees will continue the discussion that was put on hold.

Voting
In each committee sessions, all amendments and draft resolutions undergo parliamentary voting procedures.
Delegates may either vote “in favor” or “against” on a resolution or any kind of substantive matter. A vote to
“abstain” is only allowed in voting for resolutions. There are two categories of voting:

Substantive voting- voting on resolutions


Procedural voting- voting regarding on Model United Nations protocols and procedures
General Debate
In the General Assembly, procedural matters require a majority vote of the present delegates, or at least 50% +
1 vote to be passed. In the Security Council, the same majority vote is required for procedural matters to be
passed.

Two-thirds of the present delegate must vote “in favor” and all the Permanent Five member-states must either
vote “in favor” or “abstain” in order to pass a resolution in the Security Council. A vote “against” the resolution
from any of the Permanent 5 countries will be failed to pass and considered as ineffective.
General Debate
Types of Voting
TYPE PROCESS
By Ballot Delegates must write their vote in a clean sheet of paper whether
they are “for”, “against”, or “abstain”. They need to write their
vote including their assigned country.
By General Consent The Chair will ask all delegates if there are any objections, and if
there are none, the committee will continue to another method
of voting.
By Rising Delegates who vote “in favour” must rise, and then the vote will
be counted. Those who are “against” and “abstain” must also rise
for their votes to be calculated.
By Roll Call All delegates are called in alphabetical order and each can says
“for”, “against” or “abstain based on what they have said during
the roll call, “present” or “present and voting”.
By Show of Hands Delegates who are “in favor” must raise their right hand and the
vote will be counted. Those who are “against” and “abstain” must
also raise their right hand for their votes to be calculated.

By Voice Delegates in the committee who are in favour must say “Aye”,
then members against say “No”. Then, those who abstain say,
“Abstain”
Additional & Important Reminders
1. Please keep in mind that this is an academic simulation of the United Nations and that you are
the Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary of your Country Assignment to the UN, thus,
we kindly remind you to be punctual and to wear formal attire.
2. For delegates living outside Cagayan de Oro city, here are the persons you can contact for
accommodation assistance: Sheena Ara Parantar (09171171126), Alesa Sudario (09278563056)
and Angel Lica Peggy (09076271779). We will follow up you from time to time as well for your
convenient stay here in CDO.
3. No delegation fee will be collected for the XU-MUN. The team will provide your kits and snacks
but meals and accommodation will not be covered.
4. Your study guide (for MUN research and position & resolution paper writing) as well as your
country assignments will be given during the first week of January next year.
5. A delegate training will be held once again this January 12, 2019 at STC 604 1:00pm.
6. For your questions email us at xumodelunitednations@gmail.com or send us a text message at
09176273729 / 09204381918.