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# ALGEBRA

## ALGEBRA 17. The square of the tens digit of a two-digit number

7 less than the sum of the digits. If the digits are
Exponents transposed the number is increased by 63. Find
1. Solve for the value of x in 32x+3=2,187? the number.
2 29
2. If 3^x = 6, what is the value of 3^(4x-1)? 18. The sum of the digits of a 2 digit number is 10. If
432 the number is divided by the units digit, the
3. Solve for the value of x in 81x/4 = 1/27 quotient is 3 and the remainder is 4. Find the
-3 number
4. Find the value of x in the equation (7)3(7)12 = 73x? 28
5 Proportion/Variation
5. Which of the following is the equivalent to 19. If y varies directly as x and is equal to 36 when x
128x32y? is equal to 10. Find the value of y when x is equal
27x+5y to 25.
6. If 5x = 7y, what is the value of 5x^2 / 7y^2? 90
7/5 20. z varies directly as x and inversely as the square
root of y. It is equal to 3 when x is 13 and y is 16.
Logarithms Find the value of z when x is 52 and y is 9.
7. The characteristic of the logarithm of 329.65 to the 16
base 10 is? Age Problems
2 21. A doctor’s age 8 years ago is two-thirds his age 13
8. The mantissa of the logarithm of 0.00078807 to years hence. How old is he?
the base 10 is? 50 years old
0.8966 22. Two years ago, a father was four times as old as
Quadratic Equations his son. In 3 years, the father will only be three
9. Find the sum of roots of the equation 6x2 + 4x + times as old as his son. How old was the father
7=0 when the son was born?
-2/3 30 years old
10. Find the value of k so that the equation 4x2 + (4k- 23. Elmer is 36 years old and his daughter is 8 years
3)x + 1 = 0 has two equal roots? old. In how many years will Elmer’s age be twice
-1/4 his daughter’s age?
11. Find the product of the roots of the equation 15x2 20 years
+ 2x – 8 = 0 24. Allan is 28 years old when his son is born. In how
-8/15 many years will Allan be thrice as old as his son?
Binomial Theorem 14 years
12. Find the 4th term in the expression of (x + y)5? 25. Richard is 5 years older than Paul. The product of
10x2y3 their ages is 21 years less than 15 times the sum
13. Find the 6th term in the expression (2x-3y)8? of their ages. How old is Paul now?
-108,864x3y5 27 years old
26. Ryan is 5 years older than Jake. In 5 years, the
Number/Digit Problems product of their ages will be 1.5 times the product
14. Three times the first of the three consecutive odd of their present ages. How old is Jake now?
integers is three more than twice the third. Find 20 years old
the third integer.
15 Geometric Problems
15. The sum of five consecutive even integers is 27. The width of a rectangle is 9 cm. The length is 1
1,280. Find the product of the lowest and the cm shorter than the diagonal. Find the length of
largest integer. the diagonal.
65,520 41cm
16. A number is less than 100 and its tens digit is 2 28. The base of an isosceles triangle is 6 cm shorter
more than its units digit. If the number with the than its equal sides. If the perimeter is 87 cm, find
digits reversed is subtracted from the original the length of the base.
number, the remainder is 3 times the sum of the 25cm
digits. Find the number.
42

## ENGR. ALLAN DAVE A. DELA CRUZ CE, RMP, ME-1

ALGEBRA

29. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 25 cm longer 39. Eight me can excavate 50 m of canal in 7 hours.
than one leg and 32 cm longer than the other leg. Three men can backfill 30 m of the excavated
Find the area of the triangle canal in 4 hours. How long would it take 10 men
2340 cm^2 to dig and backfill 100m of canal?
15.2 hours
Mixture Problems 40. A swimming pool is filled through its inlet pipe and
30. A 50 mL 40% acid solution is added to a 150 mL then emptied through its outlet pipe in a total of 8
30% acid solution. What will be the concentration hours. If water enters through its inlet and
of the resulting mixture? simultaneously allowed to leave through its outlet,
32.50% the pool is filled in 7 and ½ hours. How will it take
31. How much of a 90% solution of insect spray must to fill the pool with the outlet closed?
a farmer add to 200 cc of a 40% insect spray to 3 hours
make a 50% solution of insect spray?
50cc Arithmetic Progression
32. A container is filled with 70 liters which is 40% 41. Find the 19th term of the arithmetic progression of
alcohol by volume. How much of a mixture must 4, 15, 26,…..
be taken and then replaced with equal amount of 202
water so that the resulting solution is 30% alcohol 42. Find the sum of the first 11 terms of the arithmetic
by volume. progression -22, -14, -6,…….
17.50L 198
Motion Problems 43. The first term of an arithmetic progression is 7 and
33. If the speed of a racing car is increased by 20 kph, the 17th term is 89. Find the 50th term.
it will cover in 7 hours the same distance it can 258 1/8
ordinarily cover in 8 hours. What is its ordinary 44. Find the sum of all the number between 100 and
speed? 1000.
140 kph 247,500
34. Two planes left airports which are 960 km apart 45. If the terms 3(x2 – 1), x2 -4x+5,11-9x form an
and flew toward each other. One plane flew 32 kph arithmetic progression, find the sum of the first 8
faster than the other. If they passed each other at terms.
the end of an hour and 12 minutes, what was the -152
rate of the faster plane?
416 kph Geometric Progression
35. A motorboat can travel 4km upstream in the same 46. Find the 16th term of the geometric progression
time it can travel 9km downstream. If the velocity 2,6,18,…..
of the current is 8kph, find the velocity of the boat 28,697,814
in still water. 47. Find the geometric mean of 18 and 1458.
20.80 kph 162
48. Find the sum of the geometric progression 2x,
Work Problems 4x+14,20x – 14,….,. up to the 10th term.
36. A can do a piece of work alone in 30 days, B in 20 413,336
days, and C in 60 days. If they work together, how
many days would it take them to finish the work? Harmonic Progression
10 days 49. Find the 20th term of the harmonic progression
37. John, Paul and George can finish a job in 12, 16, ½,1/5 and 1/8,…..
and 19 hours, respectively. John and Paul worked 1/59
together for 4 hours. Paul got tired so George 50. The 3rd Harmonic progression is 15 and the 9th
worked in place of him until the job is done. How term is 6. Find the 11th term.
long did John work? 5
7.06 hours
38. A and B working together can finish the job in 10
days. If A works 4 days and B works 3 days, one
third of the job shall be finished. How many days
will it take A to finish the job alone?
30 days