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DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI....................................................................................................................... i
DAFTAR GAMBAR ....................................................................................................... ii
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................................. iii
DAFTAR GRAFIK ........................................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR PUSTAKA……………………………………………………...…iv

Bab I Pendahuluan..................................................................................................... 1
I.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................................. 1
I.2 Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................ 4
I.3 Maksud dan Tujuan ......................................................................... 4
I.4 Ruang Lingkup Penelitian ............................................................. 5
I.5 Hipotesis ............................................................................................. 5

Bab II Tinjauan Pustaka ............................................................................................ 6


II.1 Sistem Distribusi Air Minum........................................................ 6
II.1.1 Definisi Sistem Distribusi .............................................................. 6
II.1.2 Persyaratn dalam Penyediaan Air Minum ................................ 6
II.1.3 Sistem Distribusi Air Minum........................................................ 8
II.1.4 Klasifikasi Jaringan Perpipaan ..................................................... 9
II.1.5 Pola Jaringan Perpipaan ................................................................. 10
II.2 Kehilangan Air .................................................................................. 12
II.2.1 Definisi Kehilangan Air ................................................................. 12
II.2.2 Persen (%) Kehilangan Air............................................................ 13
II.2.3 Water Balance (Neraca Air) ......................................................... 13
II.2.4 Tahap Perhitungan Neraca Air (Audit Air) .............................. 14
II.2.5 Upaya Mengontrol kehilangan Air…………………….......16
II.3 Software WB-Easycalc ................................................................... 18
II.4 Infrastructure Leakage Index (ILI) ............................................. 18
II.5. Analisis Kelayakan Finansial ....................................................... 18
II.5.1 Net Present Value (NPV) ............................................................... 21
II.5.2 Internal Rate of Return (IRR)....................................................... 22
II.5.3 Payback Period (PP) ....................................................................... 22

Bab III Gambaran Umum Wilayah .............................................................................. 23


III.1 Gambaran Umum Kota Balikpapan ............................................ 23
III.2 Profil PDAM Tirta Manggar Kota Balikpapan ....................... 24
III.3 Infrastruktur PDAM Tirta Manggar Kota Balikpapan .......... 25
III.3.1 Instalasi Pengolahan Air (IPA) .................................................... 25
III.3.2 Perkembangan PDAM Tirta Manggar Kota Balikpapan ...... 25

Bab IV Metodologi Penelitian ....................................................................................... 27


IV.1 Metodologi Penelitian ..................................................................... 27
IV.1.1 Perumusan Masalah dan Ide Konsep Penelitian ..................... 29
IV.1.2 Studi Literatur ................................................................................... 31
IV.1.3 Tahap Pengumpulan Data .............................................................. 31
IV.1.4 Pengolahan dan Analisa Data ....................................................... 32
IV.1.5 Analisa Kehilangan Air .................................................................. 32
IV.1.6 Analisa Finansial .............................................................................. 35
IV.2 Jadwal Pelaksanaan ........................................................................ 35
DAFTAR GAMBAR

II.1 Sistem Jaringan Melingkar (loop) ............................................... 10


II.2 Sistem Jaringan Cabang ................................................................. 11
II.3 Sistem Kombinasi ............................................................................ 12
II.4 IWA Water Balance (Neraca Air) ............................................... 14
II.5 Siklus Penurunan Kehilangan Air ............................................... 17
II.6 WB-Easycalc ..................................................................................... 18
II.7 Keterkaitan Faktor dalam Strategi Penurunan Kehilangan
Fisik ...................................................................................................... 19
III.1 Peta Wilayah Kota Balikpapan .................................................... 23
IV.1 Diagram Alir Metodologi Penelitian .......................................... 28
IV.2 Diagram Alir Ide dan Konsep Penelitian .................................. 30
IV.3 Diagram Alir Konsep Pengolahan Data .................................... 32
IV.4 Software WB-Easycalc ................................................................... 33
DAFTAR TABEL

II.1 Matriks Target Kehilangan Air Fisik ......................................... 21


III.1 Instalasi Pengolahan Air (IPA) .................................................... 25
IV.1 Pengumpulan Data ........................................................................... 31
IV.2 Matriks Target Kehilangan Air Fisik ......................................... 34
IV.3 Jadwal Kegiatan Penelitian ........................................................... 36
DAFTAR GRAFIK

III.1 Perkembangan Jumlah Penduduk Kota Balikpapan .............. 24


III.2 Perkembangan Jumlah Pelanggan (SR) PDAM Tirta Manggar
Kota Balikpapan ............................................................................... 25
III.3 Selisih Pertumbuhan Jumlah Pelanggan (SR) PDAM Tirta
Manggar Kota Balikpapan ............................................................. 26