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US v.

Soliman
Full Text: http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri1917/jan1917/gr_l-11555_1917.html

Facts:
Soliman, testifying in his on behalf in the course of another criminal case in which he, with several others,
was charged with estafa, swore falsely to certain material allegations of fact. He testified falsely that a
sworn statement offered in evidence in support of the charge of estafa, which was in effect an
extrajudicial confession of his guilt, had not been executed voluntarily, and that its execution had not been
procured by the police by the use of force, intimidation and prolonged torture. The trial judge who
presided in the former case acquitted him on the ground that there was room for reasonable doubt.
Soliman is however, guilty of perjury as defined and penalized in Section 3 of Act No. 1697. However,
since judgement was entered on November 1915, section 3 of Act No. 1697 was expressly repealed by
the enactment of the Administrative Code which was effective on july 1, 1916 and it has been suggested
that the judgement convicting and sentencing the accused under the provisions of that statute should not
be sustained and the repeal of the statute should be held to have the effect of remitting and extinguishing
the criminal liability of the accused incurred under the provisions of the repealed law prior to the
enactment of the Administrative Code.

Issues:
(1) Whether or not the repeal of Section 3 of Act No. 1697 by the enactment of the Administrative code
had the effect of providing new and distinct penalties for the commission of the crime of perjury.
(2) Whether or not the new penalties are more favorable to the convict in the case at bar than those
imposed by the trial judge.

Held:
(1) Section 3 of Act No. 1697, which defined and penalized the crime of perjury, repealed the provisions
of the Penal Code defining and penalizing the crime of perjury, not expressly, but by implication, and we
are of opinion that the repeal of Act No. 1697 revived those provisions of the code. The old rule continues
in force where a law which repeals a prior law, not expressly but by implication, it itself repealed; and that
in such cases the repeal of the repealing law revives the prior law, unless the language of the repealing
statute provides otherwise. In the case at bar, the express repeal of section 3 of Act No. 1697 by the
enactment of the Administrative Code (Act No. 2657) revived the provisions of the Penal Code touching
perjury, which were themselves repealed, not expressly but by implication, by the enactment of Act No.
1697.
(2) The penalties prescribed in the Penal Code is less than that imposed in Section 3 of Act # 1697.
Hence, the penalty imposed by the court below must be revoked and the penalty prescribed in the Penal
Code should be imposed.