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Explosion Protection (ATEX)


Fundamentals

Overview • July 2006

low-voltage
CONTROLS AND DISTRIBUTION
The full range of Ex applications under control:
ATEX (atmosphère explosive)
Introduction

In many industries, the manufacture, processing, trans-


port, or storage of combustible materials results in the
creation, or release into the surrounding environment, of
gases, vapors, or mist. Other processes create combustible
dust. An explosive atmosphere can form in conjunction
with the oxygen in the air, resulting in an explosion if igni-
ted.
Particularly in areas such as the chemical and petrochemical
industries, the transport of crude oil and natural gas, the
mining industry, milling (e.g. grain and granular solids) and
many other branches of industry, this can result in serious
injury to personnel and damage to equipment.

To guarantee the highest possible level of safety in these


areas, the legislatures of most countries have developed
appropriate obligations in the form of laws, regulations and
standards. In the course of globalization, it has been possible
to make significant progress towards harmonizing guidelines
for explosion protection.

With the Directive 94/9/EU the European Union creates the


prerequisites for complete standardization because all new
devices must be approved in accordance with this directive
since July 1, 2003.

The brochure "Explosion Protection Fundamentals" is designed


to provide users and interested readers with an overview of
explosion protection in conjunction with electrical equipment
and systems. It also assists in decoding device labels.
However, it does not replace intensive study of the relevant
fundamentals and guidelines when planning and installing
electrical systems.

2 Introduction
Index

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Physical principles and parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Classification of
explosion-protected equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Low-voltage product range for hazardous areas . 13
Further information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Introduction 3
Physical fundamentals and parameters

Explosion Primary and secondary explosion protection


An explosion is the sudden chemical reaction of a combustible The principle of integrated explosion protection requires all
substance with oxygen, involving the release of high energy. explosion protection measures to be carried out in a defined
Combustible substances can be present in the form of gases, order.
mist, vapor, or dust. An explosion can only take place if the A distinction is made here between primary and secondary
following three factors coincide: protective measures.

1. Combustible substance Primary explosion protection covers all measures that prevent
(in the relevant distribution and concentration) the formation of a potentially explosive atmosphere.

2. Oxygen (in the air) What protective measures can be taken to ensure that the risk
of an explosion will be minimized?
3. Source of ignition (e.g. electrical spark)
■ Avoidance of combustible substances
■ Inerting (addition of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc.)
■ Limiting of the concentration
■ Improved ventilation

Secondary explosion protection is required if the explosion


hazard cannot be removed or can only be partially removed
using primary explosion protection measures.

Integrated explosion protection

Oxygen
Prevent the formation
1 of potentially
explosive atmospheres

EXPLOSION 2
Prevent the ignition
of potentially explosive
atmospheres

Restrict the effects


Combustible
substances
Ignition source
3 of an explosion
to a negligible level

4 Physical fundamentals and parameters


The consideration of technical safety parameters is necessary The explosion limits depend on the surrounding pressure and
for the characterization of potential dangers: the proportion of oxygen in the air (see the table below).

Flash point We refer to a deflagration, explosion, or detonation, depen-


ding on the speed of combustion.
The flash point for flammable liquids specifies the lowest
temperature at which a vapor-air mixture forms over the A potentially explosive atmosphere is present if ignition repre-
surface of the liquid that can be ignited by a separate source. sents a hazard for personnel or materials.

If the flash point of such a flammable liquid is significantly A potentially explosive atmosphere, even one of low volume,
above the maximum occurring temperatures, a potentially can result in hazardous explosions in an enclosed space.
explosive atmosphere cannot form there. However, the flash
point of a mixture of different liquids can also be lower than Substance Lower explosion Upper explosion
the flash point of the individual components. designation limit [Vol. %] limit [Vol. %]
Acetylene 2.3 78.0
In technical regulations, flammable liquids are divided into (self-decomposing)
four hazard classes: Ethylene 2.3 32.4
Petrol ~ 0.6 ~8
Hazard class Flash point Benzene 1.2 8
AI < 21 °C Natural gas 4.0 (7.0) 13.0 (17.0)
AII 21 °C to 55 °C Heating oil/diesel ~ 0.6 ~ 6.5
Methane 4.4 16.5
AIII > 55 °C to 100 °C
Propane 1.7 10.9
B < 21 °C, soluble in water at 15 °C
Carbon bisulfide 0.6 60.0
Explosion limits City gas 4.0 (6.0) 30.0 (40.0)
Hydrogen 4.0 77.0
Combustible substances form a potentially explosive
Explosion limits of combustible substances
atmosphere when they are present within a certain range of
concentration.

If the concentration is too low (lean mixture) and if the


concentration is too high (rich mixture) an explosion does not
take place. Instead slow burning takes place, or no burning at 100 Vol.% Air concentration 0 Vol.%
all.

G
Mixture too rich:
Only in the area between the upper and the lower explosion Mixture too lean: Area subject
Partial deflagration
No combustion to explosion
limit does the mixture react explosively if ignited. No explosion
Explosion limit
0 Vol.% Concentration of combustible substance 100 Vol.%

Physical fundamentals and parameters 5


Physical fundamentals and parameters

Dust
In industrial environments, e.g. in chemical factories or corn The danger of an explosion is prevented by using explosion-
mills, solids are frequently encountered in fine form – e.g. as proof devices according to their suitability. The identification
dust. of the device category reflects the efficiency of explosion pro-
tection, and thus the application in corresponding hazardous
Dust is defined in EN 50281-1-21) as "small solid particles in
areas. The danger of explosive dust atmospheres and the
the atmosphere which are deposited because of their own
selection of appropriate protective measures are assessed
weight, but which still remain in the atmosphere for a period
using safety parameters for the involved substances. Dusts are
of time as a dust/air mixture". Deposits of dust are comparable
considered according to two substance-specific properties:
with a porous body, and have a hollow space of up to 90 %. If
the temperature of dust deposits is increased, the result may ■ Conductivity
be spontaneous ignition of the combustible dust. Dusts are referred to as conductive if they have a specific
electric resistance up to 103 Ohmmeter.
If dust deposits with a small grain size are whirled up, there is
a danger of explosion. This increases as the size is reduced, ■ Combustibility
since the surface area of the hollow space becomes larger. Combustible dusts can burn or glow in air, and form explo-
Dust explosions are frequently the result of whirled up glo- sive mixtures with air at atmospheric pressure and at
wing layers of dust which possess the basis for ignition. Explo- temperatures from – 20 °C to + 60 °C.
sions of gas or vapor mixtures with air can whirl up dust where Safety parameters for whirled-up dusts are, for example, the
the gas explosion then merges into a dust explosion. In collie- minimum ignition energy and the ignition temperature,
ries, explosions of methane gas frequently lead to explosions whereas for deposited dusts, the glow temperature is a
of coal dust whose effect was often greater than that of the characteristic property.
gas explosion.
1)
Parallel to DIN 50281 there is already EN 61241-1.

6 Physical fundamentals and parameters


Minimum ignition energy
Minimum ignition energy
The application of a certain amount of energy is required to (mJ)
ignite a potentially explosive atmosphere.
1000 Welding sparks,
The minimum energy is taken to be the lowest possible rare
sheaf of
converted energy, for example, the discharge of a capacitor, impact sparks in mills
that will ignite the relevant flammable mixture.
100
The minimum energy lies between approximately 10-5 J for Sheaf of
hydrogen, and several Joules for certain dusts. grinding sparks
10
What can cause ignition?

■ Hot surfaces

■ Adiabatic compression 1 rare rare


electrostatic
■ Ultrasound discharges,
impact sparks
■ Ionized radiation 0.1

■ Open flames

■ Chemical reaction 0.01

■ Optical radiation Gases Dusts Practice-oriented


ignition source
■ Electromagnetic radiation

■ Electrostatic discharge

■ Sparks caused mechanically by friction or impact

■ Electrical sparks and arcs

Physical fundamentals and parameters 7


Classification of explosion-proof equipment

Identification
The identification of electrical equipment for hazardous
areas should permit recognition of:
■ The vendor of the equipment ■ The type(s) of protection with which the equipment
complies,
■ A designation by which it can be identified
■ The testing agency which provided the test certificate, the
■ The area of use
standard (or its release version) with which the equipment
- Below ground I complies – including the testing agency’s registration
- Other areas II number of the certificate and, if necessary, any special
■ Gases and vapors - G -, dusts - D - or mines - M -, conditions which have to be observed.
■ The categories which indicate whether the device can be ■ In addition, the data should be provided which are usually
used for particular zones, required for such a device of industrial design.

Example Meaning
> 0032 II 2D IP65 T 80°C
Temperature range
Housing protection class
Ex protection zone
Named agency for certification of the QA system according to directive 94/9/EC
Conformity symbol
Example of identification according to directive 94/9/EC

Example Meaning
EXAMPLE COMPANY type 07-5103-.../... Identification of vendor and type
Manufactured according to EN 61241-.-.
Ex II 2D IP65 T 80°C Protected by enclosure, IP65 degree of protection
Max. surface temperature + 80 °C
IBExU 00 ATEX 1081 Consecutive number of testing agency
ATEX generation
Year of test
Symbol of testing agency
Example of a device identification

8 Classification of explosion-proof equipment


Device groups/categories Zones
Devices are classified into device groups: Areas subject to explosion hazard are divided into zones. Divi-
sion into zones depends on the chronological and geographi-
■ Device group I
cal probability of the presence of a hazardous, potentially
- in underground operations explosive atmosphere.
- in mines as well as open-cast operations
Information and specifications for zone subdivision can be
- and their surface installations
found in EN/IEC 60079-10.
■ Device group II
- Devices for use in the other areas
Each device group contains equipment that is in turn assigned
to different categories (Directive 94/9/EC). The category speci-
fies the zone in which the equipment may be used.

Device group Device category Zone


I M = Mining
Mining M1 --
Mine gas and/or flammable dusts M2 --
II G = Gas
Other areas 1G 0, 1, 2
Potentially explosive atmosphere 2G 1, 2
3G 2
D = Dust
1D 20, 21, 22
2D 21, 22
3D 22
Explanation of the device categories:
M 1, 1 G, Extremely high level of safety = device safety must be guaranteed even in the case of rare device faults,
1D e.g. simultaneous fault in two devices.
M 2, 2 G, High level of safety = device safety must be guaranteed in the case of frequent device faults,
2D e.g. fault in one device.
3 G, Normal level of safety = device safety must be guaranteed in the case of fault-free operation.
3D
Explanation of the zones:
0, 20 It is to be expected that a hazardous, potentially explosive atmosphere will occur continuously, often and over extended periods.
1, 21 It is to be expected that a hazardous, potentially explosive atmosphere will only occur occasionally.
2, 22 It is to be expected that a hazardous, potentially explosive atmosphere will occur only rarely and then only for a short period.
Connection between device group, device category and zone

Many low-voltage controlgear and switching devices, e.g. These devices are labeled with the category of the equipment
overload relays and motor starter protectors are intended for to be protected. The category, however, is written in round
switching and controlling equipment in explosive atmo- brackets, e.g.: Ex II (2) GD
spheres while being positioned outside.

Classification of explosion-proof equipment 9


Classification of explosion-protected equipment

Types of protection
The protection types are design measures and electrical Electrical equipment for areas subject to explosion hazard
measures carried out on the equipment to achieve explosion must comply with the general requirements of EN 60079-0
protection in the areas subject to explosion hazard. and the specific requirements for the relevant type of protec-
tion in which the equipment is listed. However, the type of
Protection types are secondary explosion protection measu-
protection "Protection by housing" does not refer to
res. The scope of the secondary explosion protection measu-
EN 60079-0, but to EN 61241-0.
res depends on the probability of the occurrence of a hazar-
dous, potentially explosive atmosphere. The types of protection listed on the following pages are signi-
ficant in accordance with EN 60079-0. All types of protection
are based on different protection concepts.

Gases – Types of protection Application


in zone
Type of L = Label Schematic Basic principle Standard Examples 0 1 2
protection representation
General General requirements for the type and EN 60079-0
require- testing of electrical equipment intended for
ments the Ex area.

Increased e Applies only to equipment, or its compo- EN 60079-7 Terminals,


safety nent parts, that normally does not create IEC 60079-7 connection
sparks or arcs, does not attain hazardous FM 3600 boxes ■ ■
temperatures, and whose mains voltage UL 2279 REPG
does not exceed 1 kV.
Flame- d If an explosion occurs inside the enclosure, EN 60079-1 Switchgear,
proof the housing will withstand the pressure IEC 60079-1 transformers
enclosure and the explosion will not be propagated FM 3600 ■ ■
outside the enclosure. UL 2279 REPG
Pressur- p The ignition source is surrounded by a EN 60079-2 Control cabinets,
ized pressurized (minimum 0.5 mbar) protective IEC 60079-2 switching
enclosure gas – the surrounding atmosphere cannot FM 3620 cabinets ■ ■
enter. NFPA 496
Intrinsic i By limiting the energy in the circuit, the for- EN 50020 Actuators,
safety mation of impermissibly high temperatures IEC 60079-11 sensors,
sparks, or arcs is prevented. FM 3610 PROFIBUS DP ■ ■ ■
UL 2279 REPG RS 485-iS
Oil o Equipment or equipment parts are im- EN 50015 Transformers,
immersion mersed in oil and thus separated from the IEC 60079-6 switchgear
Ex atmosphere. FM 3600 ■ ■
UL 2279 REPG
Sand q Ignition source is buried in sand. The Ex EN 50017 Heater strips,
filling atmosphere surrounding the housing can- IEC 60079-5 capacitors
not be ignited by an arc. FM 3600 ■ ■
UL 2279 REPG

Molding m By embedding the ignition source in a EN 60079-18 Sensors,


molding, it cannot ignite the Ex atmo- IEC 60079-18 switchgear
sphere. FM 3600 ■ ■
UL 2279 REPG
Protection n Zone 2: Slightly simplified application of the other EN 60079-15 Programmable
types This protection type Zone-2 protection types – "n" stands for IEC 60079-15 controllers ■ ■
comprises several "non-igniting".
types of protection

10 Classification of explosion-proof equipment


Dusts – Types of protection Application
in zone
Type of Label Basic principle Standard Examples 20 21 22
protection
Pressurized pD The penetration of a surrounding atmosphere into the en- EN 502811) Equipment where
enclosure closure of electrical equipment is prevented in that a pro- IEC 61241 sparks, arcs or hot
tective gas (air, inert gas or other suitable gas) is kept within components occur ■ ■ ■
the enclosure at a pressure higher than the surrounding in normal operation
atmosphere.
Molding mD Parts which could ignite an explosive atmosphere through EN 502811) Large machines,
sparks or warming-up are potted in a casting compound IEC 61241 slipring or collector
such that the explosive atmosphere cannot ignite. This is motors, switchgear
achieved by surrounding the components on all sides by a and control cabinets ■ ■ ■
casting compound which is resistant to physical (in particu-
lar electrical, thermal and mechanical) and chemical influ-
ences.
Protection by tD The enclosure is sealed so tight that no combustible dust EN 502811) Measuring and
enclosure can penetrate into it. The surface temperature of the exter- IEC 61241 monitoring systems ■ ■ ■
nal enclosure is limited.
Intrinsic iaD, ibD Current and voltage are limited such that intrinsic safety is EN 502811) Sensors and
safety guaranteed. No sparks or thermal effects can ignite a IEC 61241 actuators ■ ■ ■
dust/air mixture.

Explosion groups Determination of explosion group


In the explosion groups, a distinction is first made between A gas is present both inside and outside a flame-proof
equipment of Group I and of Group II: enclosure. The gas inside the explosion chamber is ignited.

Electrical equipment of Group I is used for mines subject to Result:


fire-damp. If an ignition inside the explosion chamber is not transferred
through the gap of defined width to the outside, the explosion
A further division into explosion groups is made for the electri-
group has been determined.
cal equipment of Group II. The division depends on the spark
ignition capability through a gap of defined width and length
Gap length Explosion chamber
(according to EN 60079-14).

Electrical equipment with approval for explosion group IIC may


also be used in explosion groups IIA and IIB.

Explosion group Use


Group I Electrical equipment for
mines subject to fire-damp Gap
==> fire-damp protection EEx...I width1)
Group II Electrical equipment for all other areas
subject to explosion hazard Potentially explosive
==> explosion protection EEx...II atmosphere
1) Parallel to DIN 50281 there is already EN 61241-1.
2)
Explosion group The gap width limit is the width between two 25-mm long,
parallel flange surfaces of an explosion chamber.
Gap width limits for Degree of Equipment
flameproof hazard requirements
enclosure2)

IIA > 0.9 mm low low


IIB 0.5 mm to 0.9 mm
IIC < 0.5 mm high high

Classification of explosion-proof equipment 11


Classification of explosion-protected equipment

Temperature classes
The ignition temperature of flammable gases or a flammable Flammable gases and vapors are assigned to the relevant tem-
liquid is the lowest temperature of a heated surface at which perature class according to ignition temperature.
the gas/air or vapor/air mixture ignites.
Temperature Maximum upper Ignition
Thus the highest surface temperature of any equipment must class surface tempera- temperatures of
always be less than the ignition temperature of the surroun- ture of the combustible
ding atmosphere. equipment substances
T1 450 °C > 450 °C
Temperature classes T1 to T6 have been introduced for electri-
T2 300 °C > 300 °C
cal equipment of Explosion Group II. Equipment is assigned to
T3 200 °C > 200 °C
each temperature class according to its maximum surface
T4 135 °C > 135 °C
temperature.
T5 100 °C > 100 °C
Equipment that corresponds to a higher temperature class can T6 85 °C > 85 °C
also be used for applications with a lower temperature class.

Explosion Temperature classes


group
T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6
I Methane
II A Acetone Ethyl alcohol Petrol Acetylaldehyde
Ethane i-amyl acetate Diesel fuel Ethylether
Ethylacetate n-butane Aircraft fuel
Ammonia n-butylalcohol Heating oils
Benzene (pure) n-hexane
Ethanoic acid
Carbon monoxide
Carbon oxide
Methane
Methanol
Propane
Toluol
II B City gas Ethylene
(illuminating gas)
II C Hydrogen Acetylene Carbon bisulfide
Classification of gases and vapors into explosion groups and temperature classes

12 Classification of explosion-proof equipment


Product range of
Low-voltage controls and distribution
for potentially explosive areas

Systems
AS-Interface – consistent system, superior strategy
As a cost-effective and robust bus system at field level, AS-Interface connects –
open and manufacturer-independent – actuators and sensors to control – for
standard as well as safety applications. A serial field bus connects all
automatization components easily, safely and consistently.
The ATEX-certified K60 compact modules make the application of AS-Interface possible
even in potentially explosive areas.

Type Series Certificate number Certification Type of


based on protection/
Identification

Digital I/O modules 3RK1 400-1DQ05-0AA3, K60 ATEX 2705 EN 60947-5-2, Ex II (3) D X
IP67 – K60 3RK1 200-0CQ05-0AA3 EN 50281-1-1
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 2.

Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas 13


Product range of
Low-voltage controls and distribution
for potentially explosive areas

Protecting1)
SIRIUS motor starter protectors for motor protection
3RV motor starter protectors are compact, current limiting motor starter protectors. They
guarantee safe disconnection in the event of a short circuit and protect consumers and plants
from overload. Moreover, they are suitable for normal switching of loads with low switching
frequency as well as for the safe disconnection of the plant from the mains during maintenance
or changes. SIRIUS 3RV is the only universal product family on the market for motor starter pro-
tectors up to 100 A.

Type Size Certificate number Certification Type of


based on protection/
Identification

Motor starter protectors for 3RV10 11 S00 DMT 02 ATEX F 001, IEC 60947-4-1, Ex II (2) GD
motor protection DMT 02 ATEX F 001 N1 EN 60079-14
3RV10 21 S0
3RV10 31 S2
3RV10 41 S3
3RV10 42 S3
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 5.
1) Information for the implementation of current monitoring motor protection devices.
Definition of the locked-rotor time tE: if the rotor of an explosion-protected three-phase AC motor of protection type "Increased Safety" EEx e stalls (locks) at
operating temperature during runtime, the motor must be switched off, at the very latest, when either the rotor or the stator winding have reached their ma-
ximum temperature. The time that elapses until the rotor or stator winding has reached maximum temperature is called the locked-rotor time tE or tE time.
The demands made on overload protective devices with regard to tE time: for tripping devices and relays with inverse time-delay operation, tripping characteri-
stics must be available at the operating site. The characteristics should show the release time for 3-pole loading, assuming a cold state and a room temperature
of 20 °C, depending on at least a 3 - 8-fold setting current. The protective devices must comply with the specified release times with a permissible deviation of
± 20 %. The tripping devices and relays for machines with cage rotors must be selected such that the release times for 3-pole loading do not exceed the locked-
rotor time tE specified on the type plate.

For information on the tripping characteristics of our circuit-breakers and overload relays, visit our web site at:
www.siemens.com/lowvoltage/manuals

14 Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas


Protecting1) (continued)
SIRIUS 3RB2 and 3RU1 overload relays
SIRIUS overload relays, which are available as solid-state (3RB2) and thermal (3RU1) versions,
are designed for the inverse-time delayed protection from overload in the main circuit. This in-
cludes all electrical loads – as well as all other relevant switching and protection devices in the
respective load feeder.
The overload relays are certified according to ATEX and thus suitable for motors with "increased
safety" type of protection EEx e.

3RB20, 3RB21

3RU11

Type Size Certificate number Certification Type of


based on protection/
Identification

3RB solid-state overload relays


for standard applications 3RB20, 3RB21 S00 PTB 06 ATEX 3001 EN 60079-14, Ex II (2) GD
to IEC 60947-4-1,
for High-Feature applications 3RB22, 3RB29 S12 PTB 05 ATEX 3022 IEC 61508
3RU1 thermal overload relays
for standard applications 3RU11 1 S00 DMT 98 ATEX G 001, IEC 60079-14, Ex II (2) GD
DMT 98 ATEX G 001 N1 EN 60079-14
3RU11 2 S0
3RU11 3 S2
3RU11 4 S3
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 5.
1)
Information for the implementation of current monitoring motor protection devices.
Definition of the locked-rotor time tE: if the rotor of an explosion-protected three-phase AC motor of protection type "Increased Safety" EEx e stalls (locks) at
operating temperature during runtime, the motor must be switched off, at the very latest, when either the rotor or the stator winding have reached their ma-
ximum temperature. The time that elapses until the rotor or stator winding has reached maximum temperature is called the locked-rotor time tE or tE time.
The demands made on overload protective devices with regard to tE time: for tripping devices and relays with inverse time-delay operation, tripping characteri-
stics must be available at the operating site. The characteristics should show the release time for 3-pole loading, assuming a cold state and a room temperature
of 20 °C, depending on at least a 3 - 8-fold setting current. The protective devices must comply with the specified release times with a permissible deviation of
± 20 %. The tripping devices and relays for machines with cage rotors must be selected such that the release times for 3-pole loading do not exceed the locked-
rotor time tE specified on the type plate.

For information on the tripping characteristics of our circuit-breakers and overload relays, visit our web site at:
www.siemens.com/lowvoltage/manuals

Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas 15


Product range of
Low-voltage controls and distribution
for potentially explosive areas

Starting
SIRIUS 3RW soft starters
Soft starters offer you a complete spectrum covering all standard and High-Feature
applications of motor starting. Thus the advantages of soft starting and smooth ramp-down
for simple and economical realization of optimal machine concepts are available today for the
most diverse applications.

Type Size Certificate number Certification Type of


based on protection/
Identification

Soft starters for standard 3RW40 S6, BVS 05 ATEX F 002 EN 60079-14, Ex II (2) GD
applications S10/ IEC 60947-4-2,
S12 IEC 61508
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 6.

16 Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas


Monitoring and control1)
SIMOCODE pro 3UF7 motor management system
The communication-capable, modularly designed SIMOCODE pro motor management system
(SIRIUS Motor management and Control Devices) quickly and reliably protects motors of types
of protection EEx e and EEx d in potentially explosive areas. SIMOCODE pro is certified accor-
ding to the latest ATEX standards.
The use of SIMOCODE pro also means that no time is lost because of periodically necessary
function tests of feeders in the Ex area.

Type Size Certificate number Certification Type of protect./


based on Identification

SIMOCODE pro 3UF7 S00 to BVS 06 ATEX F 001 EN 60079-14, Ex I (M2),


motor management and S12 IEC 60947-4-1, Ex II (2) GD
control devices IEC 61508
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 7.

SIRIUS 3RN1 thermistor motor protection relays for PTC sensors


3RN1 thermistor motor protection relays are advantageous wherever current-dependent pro-
tection by means of motor starter protectors or overload relays are not the ideal means of
monitoring. In certain situations an overheating can occur often due to external influences.
This overheating cannot be detected by the thermal image in the motor starter protector/over-
load relay. SIRIUS thermistor motor protection relays are certified for gases and dust according
to ATEX.

Type Width Certificate number Certification Type of protect./


based on Identification
mm
Thermistor motor protection 3RN10 22.5; PTB 01 ATEX 3218 EN 60079-14, Ex II (2) G
relays for PTC sensors 45 IEC 60947-8
(PTCs Type A) 3RN10 11-.B, Ex II (2) GD
3RN10 11-.G,
3RN10 12-.B,
3RN10 12-.G,
3RN10 13-…0
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 7.
1)
Information for the implementation of current monitoring motor protection devices.
Definition of the locked-rotor time tE: if the rotor of an explosion-protected three-phase AC motor of protection type "Increased Safety" EEx e stalls (locks) at
operating temperature during runtime, the motor must be switched off, at the very latest, when either the rotor or the stator winding have reached their ma-
ximum temperature. The time that elapses until the rotor or stator winding has reached maximum temperature is called the locked-rotor time tE or tE time.
The demands made on overload protective devices with regard to tE time: for tripping devices and relays with inverse time-delay operation, tripping characte-
ristics must be available at the operating site. The characteristics should show the release time for 3-pole loading, assuming a cold state and a room temperature
of 20 °C, depending on at least a 3 - 8-fold setting current. The protective devices must comply with the specified release times with a permissible deviation of
± 20 %. The tripping devices and relays for machines with cage rotors must be selected such that the release times for 3-pole loading do not exceed the locked-
rotor time tE specified on the type plate.

For information on the tripping characteristics of our circuit-breakers and overload relays, visit our web site at:
www.siemens.com/lowvoltage/manuals

Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas 17


Product range of
Low-voltage controls and distribution
for potentially explosive areas

Detection
3SE2 position switches
Position switches are used wherever movable parts in plants and on machines have to be
positioned, controlled and monitored.
Whether for monitoring protection equipment with hinges or for monitoring laterally movable
protection equipment or for detecting dangerous movements of machine parts – our devices
can meet practically all industrial requirements.

Type Width Certificate Certification Type of


number based on protection/
Identification
mm
Position switches 3SE2 100-.....-0AE0 56 ATEX 2603a EN 50281-1, Ex II 3D
EN 50014
3SE2 120-.....-0AE0 40
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 8.

18 Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas


Commanding and signaling
3SB3 commanding and signaling devices
Commanding and signaling devices make sure that the conditions of machines and plants (e.g.
sources of error or disturbances) are being signaled in time and reliably and that machines and
plants are being controlled and brought to a safe condition in case of an emergency.
Part of our extensive product range are actuators and switch blocks as well as lampholders with
LED which are called simple electrical apparatus in compliance with ATEX directive 94/9/EG
thus being suitable for application in intrinsic circuits.

Type Version Certificate Certification Type of


number based on protection

Actuating elements
Actuator 3SB30 .. Plastic or metal ATEX 2690b Simple electri- Application only in
3SB35 .. actuator cal apparatus in circuits of type of
compliance protection i
Contact block 3SB34 .. Spring-loaded with EN 50020, (Intrinsic safety)
terminals or screw IEC 60947-5-1 acc. to EN 50020
connection
Components for actuating elements
Lampholder 3SB34 ..-1A Spring-loaded ATEX 2689b Simple electri- Application only in
terminals or screw cal apparatus in circuits of type of
connection compliance protection i
with EN 50020, (Intrinsic safety)
LED 3SB39 01-1.A Rated voltage IEC 60947-5-1 acc. to EN 50020
24 V AC/DC, Application up to a
BA 9s base voltage of 26,4 V
(LEDs)
You can find further information on this product in Catalog LV 1 and in Catalog Technical Information LV 1 T in chapter 9.

Visit us on the Internet:


www.siemens.com/lowvoltage/atex

Test certificates can be found under


www.siemens.com/automation/support

Low-voltage controls and distribution for potentially explosive areas 19


00_atex_U1_U4_200606_en.FH10 Tue Jul 11 13:27:40 2006 Seite 2

Further information

Literature
European Parliament and Council Directive 94/9/EC of 23 March
1994 on the forthcoming legislation for Member States on protective
devices and systems for use in potentially explosive atmospheres
Official Journal of the European Communities, No. L 100/1
K. Nabert and G. Schön:
Sicherheitstechnische Kennzahlen brennbarer Gase und Dämpfe
(Safety characteristics of flammable gases and vapors)
Deutscher Eichverlag, Braunschweig
DIN VDE 0170/0171 Part 1 ff.

Subject to change without prior notice | Dispo 27602 | KB 0706 2. ROT 20 En / 603057 | Printed in Germany | © Siemens AG 2006
Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive atmospheres
DIN VDE 0470 Part 1 (EN 60529)
IP degree of protection; protection of persons against access to
hazardous parts and of electrical equipment against ingress of
solid foreign objects and harmful quantities of water
DIN VDE 0165/02.91
Installation of electrical apparatus in potentially explosive areas
DIN EN 60079-14 VDE 0165 Part 1:2004-07
Electrical apparatus for potentially explosive gas atmospheres
Electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines)
VDE-Verlag GmbH, Berlin

NFPA 70 - 1996 National Electrical Code, Ausgabe 1996


National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, USA
NFPA 70 - 1999 National Electrical Code, Ausgabe 1999
National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, USA
1998 Canadian Electrical Code, 18. Ausgabe
Canadian Standards Association, Etobicoke, ON, Canada
1996 National Electrical Code Review and Application Guide
Killark Electric Manufacturing Company, St. Louis, MO, USA
1998 Canadian Electrical Code Review and Application Guide
Hubbell Canada Inc. - Killark, Pickering, ON, Canada
Publication
Explosionsschutz - Grundlagen
R. STAHL SCHALTGERÄTE GMBH,
Waldenburg

www.siemens.com/lowvoltage

Siemens AG The information provided in this brochure contains descriptions or


characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do not always
Automation and Drives apply as described or which may change as a result of further development
Low-Voltage Controls and Distribution of the products. An obligation to provide the respective characteristics shall
Postfach 48 48 only exist if expressly agreed in the terms of contract. Availability and
technical specifications are subject to change without notice.
90327 NÜRNBERG
GERMANY All product designations may be trademarks or product names of
Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third parties for their own
w w w. si e m e n s .c o m/ a uto ma t i o n purposes could violate the rights of the owners.

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