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PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR

SEMESTER I
SESI 2004/05

NAMA MATA PELAJARAN : HIDRAULIK

KOD MAT A PELAJARAN : DKA2213/DKA2023

KURSUS :2DKA

TARIKH PEPERIKSAAN : OKTOBER 2004

JANGKAMASA : 3 JAM

ARAHAN : JAWAB EMPAT (4) SOALAN


SAHAJA DARIPADA ENAM (6)
SOALAN.

KERTAS SOALAN INI MENGANDUNGI 13 MUKA SURAT


DKA 2213/DKA 2023

81 (a) Nyatakansecararingkasmaksud istilah-istilahberikut:

(i) KetumpatanBandingan
(ii) Kemampatan
(iii) Kelikatan Kinematik
(iv) TeganganPennukaan
(v) Kererambutan
(5 markah)

(b) Kirakan ketumpatanbandingan,ketumpatandan berat tentu minyak mentah yang


mempunyaiisipadu7.3 m3danjisim 6500kg .
(8 markah)

(c) Kirakan tekananmutlak padapermukaanair di dalamtangki yang mengandungiair


clanraksasepertidalamRajahSI.
(Diberi ketumpatanbandinganraksa= 13.6)
(12 markah)

S2 (a) Merujuk Rajah 82,

(i) Kira daya tekanan hidrostatik yang bertindak keataspermukaan


segiempat AB yang berukuran 3 m x 6 m dan segitiga CD yang berukuran
4m x 6m.
(ii) Kira jarak titik tindakan daya daTititik 01 dan O2
(12 markah)

(b) Kira berat di dalam udara dan ketUII'lpatan bandingan untuk sebuah objek yang
mernpunyai tebal 203.2 mm, lebar 203.2 mm, panjang 406.4 mm dan berat 48.93 N
semasadi letak di dalam air pada kedalaman 508 mIn.

(13 markah)

83 (a) Sebuah venturi meter di dalam makmal dipasang secaramendatar daDmempunyai


diameter masuk daD leher masing-masing adalah 75 mm daD 50 mm. Purata kadar
alir yang didapati adalah sebanyak 0.614 m3 air yang mengalir selama 55.82 saat
daD tekanan di bahagian leher adalah 20 kN/m2 kurang daripada laluan masuk.
Dengan menggunakan persamaanBernoulli, kira kehilangan turns yang terhasil hr .
(12 markah)

(b) Suatujet air yang berdiameter50 mm dipesongkanmelalui 450pada36 mls di atas


satu tapak pancutan air. Halaju jet air yang meninggalkanbilah adalah 30 mls
disebabkanoleh geseran.Tentukanmagnituddan arabdaya yang ditimbulkan oleh
air padabilah.
(13 markah)

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023

84 (a) Rajah 83 menunjukkanminyak mengalirdaripadatangki A melalui sebatangpaip


besi tuanganberasfaltbergarispusat153 mm dan panjang 153 m ke tangki B pada
aras 100 m. Berapakahtekananyang diperlukan pada A untuk minyak mengalir
dengankadar alir 0.0127m3/s?Diberi ketumpatanbandingan= 0.840 , k = 0.12 mm.
dan v=2.11 x 10-6m/s.
( 10 markah)

( 15 markah)

85 (a) Sebatangsaluranberbentuktrapezoidalmempunyailebardasarberukuran6.1 m ,
kecerunansisi 1:1 danmengalirkan cecairsedalam914mm. Untuk nilai Manning,
n = 0.015 dan kadar alir 10.2m3/s,kirakan

(i) Kecerunan nonnal ( 3 markah )


(ii) Kecerunan genting dan kedalaman genting ( 10 markah )
(iii) Kecerunan genting pactakedalaman nonnal ( 6 markah )

(b) Nyatakandefinisi istilah-istilah berikut :


(i) Saluranterbuka
(ii) Aliran seragam
(iii) Aliran tak seragam
6 markah)

86 (a) Nyatakan tiga (3) jells pam dan turbin yang biasa digunakan ( 6 markah )

(b) Sebuah turbin yang bergaris pusat 0.5 m, menghasilkan kuasa sebanyak 195 kW
apabila kelajuan dan kadar alir masing-masing ialah 600 rpm dan 0.74 m3Is. Turns
tekanan di bahagian masuk turbin ialah 28 m dan alas kelongsong turbin terletak
1.90 m di atas aras air. Air telah memasuki turbiD dengan halaju 3.7 mfs. Kirakan,

(i) Turnsberkesan
(ii) Kecekapan
(iii) Kelajuanyangdijangkakandi bawahturns 69 m
(iv) Kuasadankadar alir di bawahturns 69 m
( 19 markah)

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023
LAMPIRAN.

PEPERIKSAAN AKBIR

SEMESTERISESI : I / 2004/2005 KURSUS : 2DKA


MATA PELAJARAN : lllDRAULIK KOD MAT A
PELAJARAN : DKA 2213/
DKA 2023

A:
~r

MKU
~
er .'
~S.
.
n "AX l~~"
lYJ.erKufl
-

g.= 1.

RAJAH 81

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023
LAMPJRAN IT

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR

SEMESTER/SESI :1/2004/2005 KURSUS : 2DKA


MATA PELAJARAN : HIDRAULIK KOD MAT A
PELAJARAN : DKA 2213/
DKA 2023

01 O2
/

450
4m 3m
+

A
c

6m

./6m
B
D

RAJAH 82

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023

LAMPIRANm
PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR

SEMESTER I SESI : 1/ 2004/2005 KURSUS : 2DKA


MAT A PELAJARAN : HIDRAULIK KOD MAT A
PELAJARAN : DKA 2213/
DKA 2023

B
Aras 100m

Aras 94 m

RAJAH 83

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023

LAMPIRAN IV

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR

SEMESTER/SESI : I / 2004/2005 KURSUS :2DKA


MAT A PELAJARAN : HillRAULIK KODMATA
PELAJARAN : DKA 2213/
DKA 2023

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DKA 2213/ DKA 2023

Ql (a) Briefly explain eachof the following terms:

(i) RelativeDensity
(ii) Compression
(iii) Kinematic Viscosity
(iv) SurfaceTension
(v) Capillarity
(5 marks)

Determinethe relative density,densityand specific weight ofa substancewith


volume of 7.3m3andmass6500kg.
(8 marks)

(c) Calculatethe absolutepressureat watersurfaceof the tank from Figure S1 which


contain waterandmercury.Relative densityof mercury= 13.6.
(12 marks)

Q2 (a) FromFigure S2,

(i) Calculate the magnitude of the resultant hydrostatic force acting on a square
surface AB with 3 m x 6 m size and triangular surface CD with 4 m x 6m
(ii) Find the position of the resultant force on the entire area from 01 and 02.
(12 marks)

(b) A rectangularbargewith outsidedimensionsof203.2 mm width, 203.2mm height


and 406.4mm length,with massof 48.93N is immersedin water at depthof 508
mm. What is the massandthe relative densityof the objectin the air.
(13 marks)

Q3 (a) A Venturi meter is being calibrated in a laboratory. The meter is lying horizontally
and has a diameter of75 mm at the entrance and 50 mm at the throat. The flow rate
is obtained by measuring the time required to collect a certain quantity of water. The
average quantity of flow was 0.614 m3 of water flowing in 55.82 seconds.If the
pressure gauge at the throat reads 20 kN/m2 less than that at the entrance, calculate
the head loss due to friction using the Bernoulli equation.

(12 marks)

(b) A 50 mm diameter jet has a velocity of 36 mls. It strikes a fix blade moving in the
same direction at 30 mls with friction. The deflection angle of the blade is 450.
Determine the magnitude and the direction of the force exerted by the water on the
blade.
(13 markah)

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023

Q4 (a) Oil flows from tank A through 153 m lengthof 153rom diameterof an asphalt-
dipped castiron pipe to point Bat level 100 m asin Figure83. What pressurewill be
neededat A to cause0.0127m3/s of oil to flow? Given, relative density= 0.840,
k=0.12mmandv=2.11 x 10-6m/s.

(10 marks)

(b) What size cast-ironpipe shouldbe installed to carry oil with v = 1.0x 10-5m/s if
the availableheadloss in 1.5km lengthof pipe is 7.5m. The flow rate in pipe is
not lessthan 0.35m2/s.

(15 marks)

Q5 (a) A trapezoidal channelhasbottom width of 6.1 m, sideslopesof 1 : 1, and


flows at a depthof914 mm. For Manning's, n = 0.015and a dischargeof 10.2m3/s,
calculate

(i) the nonnal slope (3marks)


(ii) the critical slope and critical depth (10 marks)
(iii) the critical slope at the nonnal depth ( 6 marks)

(b) Give the definition for the ternls below:


(i) open channel
(ii) steady flow
(iii) unsteady flow
6 marks)

Q6 (a) List three (3) typesof pumpsandturbineswhich is nonnally used.


(6marks)

A reactionturbine 0.5 m in diameter,whenrunnin~ at 600 rpm, developed


brake powerof 195 kW whenthe flow was 0.74m Is. The pressurehead at
entranceto the turbinewas 27.90m, andthe elevationof the turbine casing
abovetailwaterlevel was 1.90m. The waterentersthe turbine with a velocity
of3.7 mfs. Calculate
(i) the effectivehead
(ii) the efficiency
(iii) the speedexpectedundera headof 69 m
(iv) the brake power anddischargeunderthe 69 m head
(19 marks)

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023

APPENDIX I

FINAL EXAM

SEMESTER/ SESION : I / 2004/2005 COURSE 2DKA


SUBJECT : HYDRAULIC CODE
SUBJECT : DKA2213/
DKA 2023

Water

Mercury Mercury
ES; g :b l ~ 6\\...
,~.,.

FIGURE 81

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DKA 2213/ DKA 2023

APPENDIX II

FINAL EXAM

SEMESTER/ SESION :1/2004/2005 COURSE :2DKA


SUBJECT : HYDRAULIC CODE
SUBJECT : DKA 2213

FIGURE 82

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DKA 2213/ DKA 2023

APPENDIXm
FINAL EXAM

SEMESTERISESION : I / 2004/2005 COURSE


SUBJECT :2DKA
: HYDRAULIC CODE
SUBJECT : DKA2213/
DKA 2023

B
El. 100 m

EI. 94 m

FIGURE 83

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DKA 2213/DKA 2023

APPENDIX IV

FINAL EXAM

SEMESTER/SESION : I / 2004/2005 COURSE :2DKA


SUBJECT : HYDRAULIC CODE
SUBJECT : DKA 2213/
DKA 2023

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