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RBOC Architectures
(Regional Bell Operating
Companies)
Session 1504
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Copyright © 1998, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in USA.
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What Is a Regional Bell
Operating Company?

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And Then There Were Four?

• SBC: PacBell, Ameritech, SNET


• Bell Atlantic: NYNEX, GTE
• US West: Global Crossing/Qwest?
• Bell South

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Regulated vs. Unregulated

Unregulated

Regulated
ISP

CLEC
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Inter-LATA communications

LATA 1 LATA 2

IXC

LATA 1 LATA 2

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“Enhanced Services” Restriction

Layer 3 IP

Frame/
Layer 2 ATM

Layer 1 Leased Line

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Service Offerings

Transport
Leased Line IXC ISPs
Frame Relay RBOC
ATM Network ITSPs
DSL
Wholesale Dial Access
Wholesale Dedicated Access

Voice “Dial” DSL TDM CO Facilities


Access Access Access
Local service
CLASS/Centrex
Consumer Telecommuter Small/Medium Enterprise
Business
VPN Cable IXC/
ISP-Tier1 ISP-Tier2/3 CLEC
MSO Greenfield IXC
Intranet VPN
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Functional Components

Access Method
Cable Twisted Pair Switched Dedicated
Circuit TDM
Services
Transport

Internet
Cable DSL Dial IP IP+ATM
Access Access Access Access Access
Voice Network Network Network Network Network

VPN

Backbone IP IP
Network IP+ATM
TDM OPTIC

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Building the New World


Backbone Network
Optical
Internet Working
• Data used to consume
OC-192
a fraction of a
SONET/SDH
Multiplexing SONET/SDH ring
• Now data interfaces are as
OC-48 big or bigger than
SONET/SDH ring speeds
OC-12
OC-3 • No longer economically
viable to run data over
96 97 98 99
SONET/SDH rings
Old World New World
Data Rides Data Drives
Transmission Transmission
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No Longer a Question of If…

Private Line
FR/ATM
PSTN/VPNs
IP Service
Signaling and New World
Control Networks
Data
Optimization You Are Here

…to optimize around data but:

• When?
• How?
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Network Architectures

ISP
Transport
IXC IP+ATM
Voice
Network
VPN
ITSP

CO Facilities

Dial DSLAM Frame/ATM

PSTN Copper TDM


Class 5

Analog/ISDN DSL access Frame Relay/ATM/


access Leased line access

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Network Operations

Sessions:
Service-Level Agreements
1505 Customer Product and
Data Services Data
1204 Service Management
Performance Data
1209 Service
Management
Layer
Orders Bills
Faults Failure to Meet
SLA Rebate
Network Management Layer
Element Management Layer
Orders Faults Network Usage Data

DCN
Network
Elements

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Virtual Network Model

Voice Network
SW (SS7/BICI)

IP Network
SW (Tag/MPLS)

Data Network
SW (FR/ATM w/ PNNI)

HW/
FW

Physical
Network

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Leased Line Transport
Service Architecture

CPE POP CORE

DS1 DS1/AAL1

TDM ATM

DS1

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Circuit Emulation Services


Leased Line Replacement
ATM
Interfaces
(T1/E1 or Video
CES T3/E3) CES Server
Interworking Interworking
Function Function
PBX PBX
ATM CBR VCCs

TDM TDM
MGX 8800 MGX 8800
Mux ATM Mux
Network

• Replace leased lines for enabling video applications and


interconnecting TDM Muxes, PBX’s
• Leverage ATM Infrastructure
• Structured and unstructured CBR data transfer
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Frame Relay Transport
Architecture

CPE POP CORE

Frame Relay ATM

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Frame Relay-to-ATM Interworking Migration to


Broadband Services

Network Interworking

FR-CPE FR UNI FR UNI FR-CPE


ATM
Frame BPX 8600 BPX 8600 Frame
Relay Network Network Relay
Network Network FR-CPE
FR-CPE
FR UNI FR NNI FR NNI FR UNI

Service Interworking Q.933


Bidirectional ATM Network
LMI Frame Relay AIS/RDI OAM Cells
Network
FR CPE AIS/RDI OAM Cells
ILMI
ATM CPE

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ATM Transport Architecture

CPE POP CORE

ATM ATM

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WAN Sessions

• Session #102 (Level 2)- Deploying WAN


Technologies
• Session #103 (Level 3)- Advanced WAN
Concepts and Troubleshooting
• Session #1201 (Product)- IGX/BPX/MGX
Product Update
• Session #1208 (Product)- 26xx/36xx/3810
Product Update
• 310 - Deploying Traffic Management (QOS)
Technology
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DSL Transport Architecture

CPE POP CORE

Copper ATM

203 Introduction to xDSL Technology


207 Deploying xDSL
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Wholesale Dedicated Access


Service Architecture

CPE POP CORE GATEWAY

UCP SSG
Aggregation

ISP
FRAME/
xDSL

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Wholesale Dial Access
Service Architecture

CPE POP CORE GATEWAY

Dial AAA DNS


Access DHCP

IP+ATM ISP
ISDN
POTS

Cat6x00

AS5x00

201 Introduction to Dial Services


205 Deploying Analog/Digital Dial Services
1205 Dial Products and Product Updates
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Internet Dial Redirect

POTS or ISDN Access Lines


EO
Switch Interoffice Trunks
Blocking
Data Trunk

EO Tandem
Switch Switch
Network

EO
EO
Switch
Switch

EO Internet
Switch Service
Data Network
Provider

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Tandem Voice Architecture

CORE
EO EO
VSC VSC

SS7
SS7

LEC
LEC
PSTN Tandem
Tandem PSTN
V V
Gateway
Gateway

Sessions: 400-series, 1506, 1203

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ATM Voice Virtual Tandem


Signaling Backhaul
Bearer Control

STP IN, LNP Directory, Etc. Intra-Virtual Switch Signaling

Virtual Switch Controller


VSC VSC

EO EO

ATM

Virtual Tandem
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Overlay vs. Built-in

VPN B VPN
VPN B VPN A
A
VPN
VPN C
C
VPN
VPN C
C VPN
VPN B
B
intranet
VPN A
VPN A
extranet

VPN B
VPN C VPN C
VPN A VPN B

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Access Vpn Service Architecture

CPE POP CORE GATEWAY

AAA DNS
DHCP GSR
AS5x00

ISDN IP/MPLS Intranet


POTS Home
gateway
Catalst
5x00 GSR
AS5x00

305 - Introduction to VPNs and Tunnelling Technology

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Intranet Vpn Service Architecture

CPE POP CORE CPE

GSR

Dedicated IP/MPLS Intranet


access
Layer 2
Interconnect
GSR

313 Deploying VPNs and Tunneling Technology

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Extranet Vpn Service


Architecture

CPE POP CORE CPE

GSR

Dedicated IP/MPLS Intranet


access
Layer 2
Interconnect
GSR

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Intra-LATA
Order
Language
ISP2 Config Comp A
Language

ISP1 Comp B
Optical/ATM
Backbone

Cable
Headend Switch

VDSL ADSL IDSL/S Frame Cable ISDN POTS Wireless


ATM DSL ATM
FUNI
D/C D/C

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MPLS enabled POP

Broadband access
persistent connection LER
aDSL (cell or frame)
Cable

Direct Access Backbone


Leased Lines LER LSR
(OC-3, OC-12, 0C-48)
X.25
Frame Relay MPLS
TDM
Mux
ATM POS, TAG/ATM
Managed CPE LSR
n

LER
Dial Up
PSTN
ISDN
GSM
UCP
LER DNS, AAA
Mgmnt
Content
and Caches
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IP/MPLS and ATM

GSR

GSR
IP/MPLS GSR

Optical/ATM
Core

GSR
ATM
Access

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MPLS Across Non-MPLS


ATM Networks

Labeled cells
transported in
Virtual Path
MPLS Network

ATM

ATM SVCs created


as needed; VCIs
mapped to Labels
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Migration: 1. Pre-MPLS

Pure routed part of network Routers around ATM


PVC cloud

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Migration: 2. Partial Upgrade

Some switches upgraded


Many routers software
to MPLS
upgradable to MPLS

Not all routers need VP tunnels through non-MPLS


to run MPLS switching ATM switches

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Migration: 3. Full MPLS

Upgrade remaining switches

Ordinary IP can
still be used
Native ATM connections
can still be used
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Please Complete Your


Evaluation Form
Session 1504

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