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Tagalog/Filipino English NOTES Literal

tanong asking, inquiring


magtanong to ask infinite tense
pwede can
pwedeng magtanong? Can I ask something? -ng is used to link 2 verbs
Ale Miss
Ale, pwedeng magtanong? Miss, can I ask something?
Mama Mister
Opo Yes Sir / Ma'am oo + po = opo
iyon It or That
Opo, ano iyon? Yes sir, what is it?
Oo Yes informal
sige Okay / sure
Oo, sige Yes, okay slang: emphasises agreement
sige, pwede Okay, you can
taga from noun forming prefix that denotes origin of someone or something
saan where
taga-saan? where from?
taga-saan ka? where are you from? from where you?
taga-saan siya where is he/she from?
kaibigan friend can be used when speaking to strangers
taga-saan ka kaibigan? where are you from friend?
Estados Unidos The United States
taga-Estados Unidos from the United States
taga-Estados Unidos ako I am from the United States predicate + topic sentence
dito/rito here rito - wheb preceding letter is a vowel. dito - when preceding letter is a
taga-dito ako. ikaw? I am from here from here I. You?
bisita To visit
um progressive tense "um" is inserted beeteen 1st consonant and 1st vowel of the verb
bumibisita vist or visiting "um" is inserted beeteen 1st consonant and 1st vowel of the verb
lang just
sa location marker "at", "in", "on" , etc on reference to a location
Pilipinas Philipines
sa Pilipinas in Philipines
Bumibisita lang ako sa Pilip I am just visiting visiting just I in Philippines
pasyal To tour "-um-" verb
pumapasyal Touring Progressive tense: "um" is inserted beeteen 1st consonant and 1st vow
pumapasyal lang ako I am just touring Touring just I
pumapasyal lang kami sa E We are just touring the United States Touring just we in the United States
salita language noun
magsalita to speak mag- infinite tense
nagsasalita speaking nag = continuous tense of infinite verb prefix mag-. nag+syllable+verb
ka
ba question marker ba comes after a one syllable pronoun
nagsasalita ka ba? do you speak? speaking you?
ng non topic marker "ng" is a marker that indicates that the word after is not the sentence
Ingles English
nagsasalita ka ba ng Ingles Do you speak English? speaking you? [ ] English
Tagalog Tagalog
nagsasalita ka ba ng Tagalo Do you speak Tagalog? speaking you? [ ] Tagalog
nagsasalita ako I speak
Opo, nagsasalita ako ng Ta Yes sir, I spesk Tagalog
Oo, nagsasalita ako ng Ingl Yes, I speak English
hindi no or not
hindi nagsasalita not speak
hindi ako nagsasalita I do not speak When the phrase or sentence is negative like "hindi" or not, the prono
hindi ako nagsasalita ng IngI do not speak English
Pasensya na Sorry na is added to crrate a polite version of the word "Sorry"
Pasensya na, hindi ako ng TSorry, I do not speak Tagalog Sorry (polite), no I speak [ ] tagalog
f someone or something

to - when preceding letter is a consonant except w & y. taga-dito is commonly used

nd 1st vowel of the verb


nd 1st vowel of the verb

en 1st consonant and 1st vowel of the verb

n the United States

efix mag-. nag+syllable+verb = continuous tense


ord after is not the sentence topic

like "hindi" or not, the pronoun comes before the verb instead of after the verb

he word "Sorry"
I speak [ ] tagalog