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Lampiran 3

KELOMPOK : ……………………….. MATA PELAJARAN : MATEMATIKA


NAMA ANGGOTA : KELAS/ SEMESTER : VII/ Ganjil
1. …………………………………………………………….. MATERI POKOK :
2. …………………………………………………………….. PERTIDAKSAMAAN LINEAR SATU
3. …………………………………………………………….. VARIABEL
4. ……………………………………………………………… ALOKASI WAKTU : 5 menit

TUJUAN PEMBELAJARAN
Melalui model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning
dengan pendekatan scientific diharapkan peserta didik dapat
lebih aktif dan percaya diri dalam menentukan nilai variabel
dan himpunan selesaian ,serta menyelesaian permasalahan
kontekstual yang berkaitan dengan pertidaksamaan linear satu
variabel.
Soal

Kerjakan soal berikut dengan teliti dan benar

1. Suatu persegi panjang diketahui lebarnya (2x-3) cm

dan panjangnya 8 cm. Luasnya tidak lebih dari 40 𝑐𝑚2 .

a) Tentukan pertidaksamaan dari situasi tersebut.

b) Tentukan himpunan penyelesaian pertidaksamaan

itu,jika x variabel pada himpunan bilangan Real.

2. Rumah Bu Suci dibangun di atas sebidang tanah

berbentuk persegi panjang yang panjangnya 20 m dan

lebarnya (6y-1) m. Luas tanah Ibu Suci tidak kurang

dari 100 𝑚2 .

a) Berapakah lebar tanah minimal yang dimiliki Bu

Suci?

b) Biaya untuk membangun rumah di atas tanah

seluas 1 𝑚2 dibutuhkan uang Rp 2.000.000,00.

Berapakah biaya minimal yang harus Bu Suci

sediakan jika tanahnya dibangun?


Kolom Jawaban

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Kunci Jawaban
1. Gambar persegipanjang 2x-3

a. Luas = panjang x lebar


8
Luas = 8(2𝑥 − 3) = 16𝑥 − 24
Luas tidak lebih dari 40 𝑐𝑚2 , berarti 𝑙 ≤ 40 , maka diperoleh
pertidaksamaan : 16𝑥 − 24 ≤ 40.
b. 16𝑥 − 24 ≤ 40
16𝑥 − 24 + 24 ≤ 40 + 24
16𝑥 ≤ 64
16𝑥 64

16 16
𝑥≤4
Jadi himpunan penyelesaiannya adalah {𝑥|𝑥 ≤ 4, 𝑥 ∈ ℝ}.
2. a. Luas = panjang x lebar
Luas = 20(6𝑦 − 1) = 120𝑦 − 20
Luas tanah Bu Suci tidak kurang dari 100 𝑚2 , berarti 𝑙 ≥ 100 𝑚2
, maka diperoleh pertidaksamaan : 120𝑦 − 20 ≥ 100.
120𝑦 − 20 ≥ 100
120𝑦 − 20 + 20 ≥ 100 + 20
120𝑦 ≥ 120
120 𝑦 120

120 120
𝑦≥1
Lebar tanah minimal
(6𝑦 − 1) = 6.1 − 1 = 5
Jadi lebar tanah minimal yang dimiliki Bu Suci yaitu 5 𝑚
b. Luas = panjang x lebar
= 20 𝑚 × 5 m
= 100 𝑚2
Biaya minimal yang harus Bu Suci sediakan
100 𝑚2 × 2.000.000 = 200.000.000
Jadi, Biaya minimal yang harus Bu Suci sediakan jika tanahnya
dibangun yaitu Rp 200.000.000,00.