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Project
First Saved Monday, January 28, 2019
Last Saved Monday, January 28, 2019
Product Version 16.0 Release
Save Project Before Solution No
Save Project After Solution No

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Contents
l Units

l Model (A4, B4)


¡ Geometry
n Solid
¡ Coordinate Systems
¡ Mesh
¡ Steady-State Thermal (A5)
n Initial Temperature
n Analysis Settings
n Loads
n Solution (A6)
n Solution Information
n Results
¡ Static Structural (B5)
n Analysis Settings
n Pressure
n Imported Load (A6)
n Imported Body Temperature
n Solution (B6)
n Solution Information
n Results
n Stress Tool
n Safety Factor
n Stress Tool 2
n Safety Factor

l Material Data
¡ Titanium Alloy

Units
TABLE 1
Unit System Metric (m, kg, N, s, V, A) Degrees rad/s Celsius
Angle Degrees
Rotational Velocity rad/s
Temperature Celsius

Model (A4, B4)


Geometry
TABLE 2
Model (A4, B4) > Geometry
Object Name Geometry
State Fully Defined
Definition

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Source C:\Users\Paul Wise\Documents\sa 210_files\dp0\SYS-1\DM\SYS-1.agdb


Type DesignModeler
Length Unit Meters
Element Control Program Controlled
Display Style Body Color
Bounding Box
Length X 0.24312 m
Length Y 1. m
Length Z 5.1e-002 m
Properties
Volume 1.7779e-003 m³
Mass 8.2138 kg
Scale Factor Value 1.
Statistics
Bodies 1
Active Bodies 1
Nodes 11890
Elements 6212
Mesh Metric None
Basic Geometry Options
Parameters Yes
Parameter Key DS
Attributes No
Named Selections No
Material Properties No
Advanced Geometry Options
Use Associativity Yes
Coordinate Systems No
Reader Mode Saves Updated File No
Use Instances Yes
Smart CAD Update No
Compare Parts On Update No
Attach File Via Temp File Yes
Temporary Directory C:\Users\Paul Wise\AppData\Local\Temp
Analysis Type 3-D
Decompose Disjoint Geometry Yes
Enclosure and Symmetry Processing Yes

TABLE 3
Model (A4, B4) > Geometry > Parts
Object Name Solid
State Meshed
Graphics Properties
Visible Yes
Transparency 1
Definition
Suppressed No
Stiffness Behavior Flexible
Coordinate System Default Coordinate System
Reference Temperature By Environment
Material
Assignment Titanium Alloy

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Nonlinear Effects Yes


Thermal Strain Effects Yes
Bounding Box
Length X 0.24312 m
Length Y 1. m
Length Z 5.1e-002 m
Properties
Volume 1.7779e-003 m³
Mass 8.2138 kg
Centroid X -5.9663e-005 m
Centroid Y 0.5 m
Centroid Z 5.7778e-006 m
Moment of Inertia Ip1 0.68484 kg·m²
Moment of Inertia Ip2 4.1893e-002 kg·m²
Moment of Inertia Ip3 0.72334 kg·m²
Statistics
Nodes 11890
Elements 6212
Mesh Metric None

Coordinate Systems
TABLE 4
Model (A4, B4) > Coordinate Systems > Coordinate System
Object Name Global Coordinate System
State Fully Defined
Definition
Type Cartesian
Coordinate System ID 0.
Origin
Origin X 0. m
Origin Y 0. m
Origin Z 0. m
Directional Vectors
X Axis Data [ 1. 0. 0. ]
Y Axis Data [ 0. 1. 0. ]
Z Axis Data [ 0. 0. 1. ]

Mesh
TABLE 5
Model (A4, B4) > Mesh
Object Name Mesh
State Solved
Display
Display Style Body Color
Defaults
Physics Preference Mechanical
Relevance 100
Sizing
Use Advanced Size Function Off
Relevance Center Coarse

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Element Size Default


Initial Size Seed Active Assembly
Smoothing Medium
Transition Fast
Span Angle Center Coarse
Minimum Edge Length 5.6e-003 m
Inflation
Use Automatic Inflation None
Inflation Option Smooth Transition
Transition Ratio 0.272
Maximum Layers 5
Growth Rate 1.2
Inflation Algorithm Pre
View Advanced Options No
Patch Conforming Options
Triangle Surface Mesher Program Controlled
Patch Independent Options
Topology Checking No
Advanced
Number of CPUs for Parallel Part Meshing Program Controlled
Shape Checking Standard Mechanical
Element Midside Nodes Program Controlled
Straight Sided Elements No
Number of Retries Default (4)
Extra Retries For Assembly Yes
Rigid Body Behavior Dimensionally Reduced
Mesh Morphing Disabled
Defeaturing
Pinch Tolerance Please Define
Generate Pinch on Refresh No
Automatic Mesh Based Defeaturing On
Defeaturing Tolerance Default
Statistics
Nodes 11890
Elements 6212
Mesh Metric None

Steady-State Thermal (A5)


TABLE 6
Model (A4, B4) > Analysis
Object Name Steady-State Thermal (A5)
State Solved
Definition
Physics Type Thermal
Analysis Type Steady-State
Solver Target Mechanical APDL
Options
Generate Input Only No

TABLE 7
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Initial Condition

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Object Name Initial Temperature


State Fully Defined
Definition
Initial Temperature Uniform Temperature
Initial Temperature Value 22. °C

TABLE 8
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Analysis Settings
Object Name Analysis Settings
State Fully Defined
Step Controls
Number Of Steps 1.
Current Step Number 1.
Step End Time 1. s
Auto Time Stepping Program Controlled
Solver Controls
Solver Type Program Controlled
Solver Pivot Checking Program Controlled
Radiosity Controls
Radiosity Solver Program Controlled
Flux Convergence 1.e-004
Maximum Iteration 1000.
Solver Tolerance 0.1 W/m²
Over Relaxation 0.1
Hemicube Resolution 10.
Nonlinear Controls
Heat Convergence Program Controlled
Temperature Convergence Program Controlled
Line Search Program Controlled
Output Controls
Calculate Thermal Flux Yes
General Miscellaneous No
Store Results At All Time Points
Analysis Data Management
Solver Files Directory C:\Users\Paul Wise\Documents\sa 210_files\dp0\SYS-1\MECH\
Future Analysis None
Scratch Solver Files Directory
Save MAPDL db No
Delete Unneeded Files Yes
Nonlinear Solution No
Solver Units Active System
Solver Unit System mks

TABLE 9
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Loads
Object Name Temperature Temperature 2
State Fully Defined
Scope
Scoping Method Geometry Selection
Geometry 7 Faces 6 Faces
Definition
Type Temperature
Magnitude 950. °C (ramped) 320. °C (ramped)

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Suppressed No

FIGURE 1
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Temperature

FIGURE 2
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Temperature 2

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Solution (A6)
TABLE 10
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution
Object Name Solution (A6)
State Solved
Adaptive Mesh Refinement
Max Refinement Loops 1.
Refinement Depth 2.
Information
Status Done
Post Processing
Calculate Beam Section Results No

TABLE 11
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Solution Information
Object Name Solution Information
State Solved
Solution Information
Solution Output Solver Output
Update Interval 2.5 s
Display Points All
FE Connection Visibility
Activate Visibility Yes
Display All FE Connectors
Draw Connections Attached To All Nodes
Line Color Connection Type
Visible on Results No

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Line Thickness Single


Display Type Lines

TABLE 12
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Results
Object Name Temperature Total Heat Flux Directional Heat Flux
State Solved
Scope
Scoping Method Geometry Selection
Geometry All Bodies
Definition
Type Temperature Total Heat Flux Directional Heat Flux
By Time
Display Time Last
Calculate Time History Yes
Identifier
Suppressed No
Orientation X Axis
Coordinate System Global Coordinate System
Results
Minimum 236.36 °C 109.12 W/m² -6.4027e+006 W/m²
Maximum 999.39 °C 7.4734e+006 W/m² 5.8438e+006 W/m²
Information
Time 1. s
Load Step 1
Substep 1
Iteration Number 1
Integration Point Results
Display Option Averaged
Average Across Bodies No

FIGURE 3
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Temperature

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TABLE 13
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Temperature
Time [s] Minimum [°C] Maximum [°C]
1. 236.36 999.39

FIGURE 4
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Total Heat Flux

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TABLE 14
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Total Heat Flux
Time [s] Minimum [W/m²] Maximum [W/m²]
1. 109.12 7.4734e+006

FIGURE 5
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Directional Heat Flux

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TABLE 15
Model (A4, B4) > Steady-State Thermal (A5) > Solution (A6) > Directional Heat Flux
Time [s] Minimum [W/m²] Maximum [W/m²]
1. -6.4027e+006 5.8438e+006

Static Structural (B5)


TABLE 16
Model (A4, B4) > Analysis
Object Name Static Structural (B5)
State Solved
Definition
Physics Type Structural
Analysis Type Static Structural
Solver Target Mechanical APDL
Options
Environment Temperature 22. °C
Generate Input Only No

TABLE 17
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Analysis Settings
Object Name Analysis Settings
State Fully Defined
Step Controls
Number Of Steps 1.
Current Step Number 1.
Step End Time 1. s
Auto Time Stepping Program Controlled

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Solver Controls
Solver Type Program Controlled
Weak Springs Program Controlled
Solver Pivot Checking Program Controlled
Large Deflection Off
Inertia Relief Off
Restart Controls
Generate Restart Points Program Controlled
Retain Files After Full Solve No
Nonlinear Controls
Newton-Raphson Option Program Controlled
Force Convergence Program Controlled
Moment Convergence Program Controlled
Displacement Convergence Program Controlled
Rotation Convergence Program Controlled
Line Search Program Controlled
Stabilization Off
Output Controls
Stress Yes
Strain Yes
Nodal Forces No
Contact Miscellaneous No
General Miscellaneous No
Store Results At All Time Points
Analysis Data Management
Solver Files Directory C:\Users\Paul Wise\Documents\sa 210_files\dp0\SYS-2\MECH\
Future Analysis None
Scratch Solver Files Directory
Save MAPDL db No
Delete Unneeded Files Yes
Nonlinear Solution No
Solver Units Active System
Solver Unit System mks

TABLE 18
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Loads
Object Name Pressure
State Fully Defined
Scope
Scoping Method Geometry Selection
Geometry 6 Faces
Definition
Type Pressure
Define By Normal To
Magnitude 1.765e+007 Pa (ramped)
Suppressed No

FIGURE 6
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Pressure

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TABLE 19
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Imported Load (A6)
Object Name Imported Load (A6)
State Fully Defined
Definition
Type Imported Data
Interpolation Type Mechanical Results Transfer
Suppressed No
Source A6::Solution 1

TABLE 20
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Imported Load (A6) > Imported Body Temperature
Object Name Imported Body Temperature
State Solved
Scope
Scoping Method Geometry Selection
Geometry 1 Body
Definition
Type Imported Body Temperature
Tabular Loading Program Controlled
Suppressed No
Source Environment Steady-State Thermal (A5)
Source Time Worksheet

FIGURE 7
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Imported Load (A6) > Imported Body Temperature

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Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Imported Load (A6) > Imported Body Temperature
Source Time (s) Analysis Time (s)
1 End Time 1
*

Solution (B6)
TABLE 21
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution
Object Name Solution (B6)
State Solved
Adaptive Mesh Refinement
Max Refinement Loops 1.
Refinement Depth 2.
Information
Status Done
Post Processing
Calculate Beam Section Results No

TABLE 22
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Solution Information
Object Name Solution Information
State Solved
Solution Information
Solution Output Solver Output
Newton-Raphson Residuals 0
Update Interval 2.5 s
Display Points All

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FE Connection Visibility
Activate Visibility Yes
Display All FE Connectors
Draw Connections Attached To All Nodes
Line Color Connection Type
Visible on Results No
Line Thickness Single
Display Type Lines

TABLE 23
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Results
Total Equivalent Strain
Object Name Thermal Strain Equivalent Stress Normal Stress
Deformation Elastic Strain Energy
State Solved
Scope
Scoping
Geometry Selection
Method
Geometry All Bodies
Definition
Total Equivalent Strain Equivalent (von-
Type Thermal Strain Normal Stress
Deformation Elastic Strain Energy Mises) Stress
By Time
Display Time Last
Calculate Time
Yes
History
Identifier
Suppressed No
Orientation X Axis X Axis
Global Global
Coordinate
Coordinate Coordinate
System
System System
Results
2.9097e-004 1.9806e- 1.7062e-003 -4.5083e+008
Minimum 0.73589 m 4.3873e+006 Pa
m/m 005 J m/m Pa
8.4678e-003 1.0321e-002
Maximum 0.82068 m 1.1412 J 7.714e+008 Pa 7.8258e+008 Pa
m/m m/m
Information
Time 1. s
Load Step 1
Substep 1
Iteration
1
Number
Integration Point Results
Display Option Averaged Averaged
Average
No No
Across Bodies

FIGURE 8
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Total Deformation

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TABLE 24
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Total Deformation
Time [s] Minimum [m] Maximum [m]
1. 0.73589 0.82068

FIGURE 9
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Equivalent Elastic Strain

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TABLE 25
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Equivalent Elastic Strain
Time [s] Minimum [m/m] Maximum [m/m]
1. 2.9097e-004 8.4678e-003

FIGURE 10
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Strain Energy

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TABLE 26
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Strain Energy
Time [s] Minimum [J] Maximum [J]
1. 1.9806e-005 1.1412

FIGURE 11
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Thermal Strain

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TABLE 27
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Thermal Strain
Time [s] Minimum [m/m] Maximum [m/m]
1. 1.7062e-003 1.0321e-002

FIGURE 12
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Equivalent Stress

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TABLE 28
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Equivalent Stress
Time [s] Minimum [Pa] Maximum [Pa]
1. 4.3873e+006 7.714e+008

FIGURE 13
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Normal Stress

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TABLE 29
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Normal Stress
Time [s] Minimum [Pa] Maximum [Pa]
1. -4.5083e+008 7.8258e+008

TABLE 30
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Safety Tools
Object Name Stress Tool
State Solved
Definition
Theory Max Tensile Stress
Stress Limit Type Tensile Yield Per Material

TABLE 31
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Tool > Results
Object Name Safety Factor
State Solved
Scope
Scoping Method Geometry Selection
Geometry All Bodies
Definition
Type Safety Factor
By Time
Display Time Last
Calculate Time History Yes
Identifier
Suppressed No
Integration Point Results

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Display Option Averaged


Average Across Bodies No
Results
Minimum 1.1411
Information
Time 1. s
Load Step 1
Substep 1
Iteration Number 1

FIGURE 14
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Tool > Safety Factor

TABLE 32
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Tool > Safety Factor
Time [s] Minimum Maximum
1. 1.1411 15.

TABLE 33
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Safety Tools
Object Name Stress Tool 2
State Solved
Definition
Theory Max Equivalent Stress
Stress Limit Type Tensile Yield Per Material

TABLE 34
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Tool 2 > Results
Object Name Safety Factor
State Solved

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Scope
Scoping Method Geometry Selection
Geometry All Bodies
Definition
Type Safety Factor
By Time
Display Time Last
Calculate Time History Yes
Identifier
Suppressed No
Integration Point Results
Display Option Averaged
Average Across Bodies No
Results
Minimum 1.2056
Information
Time 1. s
Load Step 1
Substep 1
Iteration Number 1

FIGURE 15
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Tool 2 > Safety Factor

TABLE 35
Model (A4, B4) > Static Structural (B5) > Solution (B6) > Stress Tool 2 > Safety Factor
Time [s] Minimum Maximum
1. 1.2056 15.

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Material Data
Titanium Alloy
TABLE 36
Titanium Alloy > Constants
Density 4620 kg m^-3
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 9.4e-006 C^-1
Specific Heat 522 J kg^-1 C^-1
Thermal Conductivity 21.9 W m^-1 C^-1
Resistivity 1.7e-006 ohm m

TABLE 37
Titanium Alloy > Compressive Ultimate Strength
Compressive Ultimate Strength Pa
0

TABLE 38
Titanium Alloy > Compressive Yield Strength
Compressive Yield Strength Pa
9.3e+008

TABLE 39
Titanium Alloy > Tensile Yield Strength
Tensile Yield Strength Pa
9.3e+008

TABLE 40
Titanium Alloy > Tensile Ultimate Strength
Tensile Ultimate Strength Pa
1.07e+009

TABLE 41
Titanium Alloy > Isotropic Secant Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
Reference Temperature C
22

TABLE 42
Titanium Alloy > Isotropic Elasticity
Temperature C Young's Modulus Pa Poisson's Ratio Bulk Modulus Pa Shear Modulus Pa
9.6e+010 0.36 1.1429e+011 3.5294e+010

TABLE 43
Titanium Alloy > Isotropic Relative Permeability
Relative Permeability
1

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