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PENGANTAR

Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, berkat bimbingan-
Nya, penyusunan Laporan Akhir Penyusunan Feasibility Study Pengembangan Geopark
Lamongan Kabupaten Lumajang telah berhasil diselesaikan.

Gunung Lamongaan merupakan salah satu gunungapi muda di Jawa Timur yang
memiliki bentuk krucut sempurna. Bagian kakinya terlihat dataran savana. Altivitas
gunungapi ini dalam 50 tahun terakhir menunjukkan penurunan yang sangat drastis. Studi
ini dilakukan untuk menemukan kelebihan dan kekurangan jika kawasan gunungapi
tersebut diusulkan sebagai Geopark. Dengan demikian dapat meningkatkan kunjungan
wisata di Kabupaten Lumajang.

Penyusun menyadari bahwa laporan ini masih jauh dari sempurna, untuk itu
penyusun mengharapkan kritik dan saran yang sifatnya membangun. Semoga laporan ini
dapat memberi manfaat sebagai pengantar dalam pembangunan Geopark Lamongan di
Kabupaten Lumajang. Terima kasih.

Lumajang, Desember 2016

Tim Penyusun

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DAFTAR ISI

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 LATAR BELAKANG ....................................................................................................................I-1
1.2 MAKSUD, TUJUAN, DAN SASARAN ...................................................................................I-4
1.2.1 Maksud dan Tujuan ...........................................................................................................I-4
1.2.2 Sasaran.................................................................................................................................I-5
1.3 RUANG LINGKUP ......................................................................................................................I-5
1.3.1Ruang Lingkup Kegiatan ....................................................................................................I-5
1.3.2 Ruang Lingkup Wilayah ....................................................................................................I-6
1.4 DASAR HUKUM ..........................................................................................................................I-6
1.5 KONSEP PENGEMBANGAN GEOPARK .............................................................................I-7
1.5.1 Sejarah Geopark ................................................................................................................I-7
1.5.2 Definisi Geopark ...............................................................................................................I-7
1.5.3 Komponen Geopark ........................................................................................................I-9
1.5.4 Kriteria Geopark ...............................................................................................................I-10
1.5.5 Kerangka Pengembangan Geopark ...............................................................................I-14
1.5.6 Best Practise Dari Geopark Gunung Sewu .................................................................I-15
1.6 RENCANA PEMBANGUNAN KABUPATEN LUMAJANG ..............................................I-18
1.6.1 RPJMD Kabupaten Lumajang ..........................................................................................I-18
1.6.2 RTRW Kabupaten Lumajang ..........................................................................................I-18

BAB II GAMBARAN KEPARIWISATAAN DI KABUPATEN LUMAJANG


2.1. BATAS ADMINISTRASI DAN GEOGRAFIS ........................................................................II-1
2.2 KARAKTERISTIK FISIK ..............................................................................................................II-3
2.2.1 Iklim......................................................................................................................................II-3
2.2.2 Topografi.............................................................................................................................II-3
2.2.3 Geologi ................................................................................................................................II-3
2.2.4 Jenis Tanah..........................................................................................................................II-5
2.2.5 Hidrologi .............................................................................................................................II-5

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2.3.KONDISI SOSIAL DAN EKONOMI .......................................................................................II-11
2.3.1. Karakteristik Sosial dan Kependudukan......................................................................II-11
2.3.2. Karakteristik Perekonomian ..........................................................................................II-12
2.4. PERKEMBANGAN PARIWISATA ..........................................................................................II-14
2.4.1 Destinasi Pariwisata ..........................................................................................................II-14
2.4.2 Pariwisata ............................................................................................................................II-18
2.4.3 Pasar dan Pemasaran Pariwisata ....................................................................................II-19
2.4.4 Kelembagaan Pariwisata...................................................................................................II-20
2.5 POTENSIPARIWISATA KECAMATAN KLAKAH, RANUYOSO DAN
RANDUAGUNG ................................................................................................................................II-21
2.5.1 Destinasi Wisata ...............................................................................................................II-21
2.5.2 Pemasaran Wisata.............................................................................................................II-25
2.5.3 Industri Pariwisata.............................................................................................................II-27
2.5.4 Kelembagaan Pariwisata...................................................................................................II-27
2.6 GAMBARAN OBYEK DAYA TARIK WISATA ....................................................................II-28
2.6.1 Ranu Bedali .........................................................................................................................II-28
2.6.2 Ranu Klakah........................................................................................................................II-30
2.6.3 Ranu Pakis ...........................................................................................................................II-32
2.6.4 Ranu Glebeg .......................................................................................................................II-34
2.6.5 Ranu Lading ........................................................................................................................II-35
2.6.6Makam Mbah Citro ............................................................................................................II-35
2.6.7 Savana Gunung Lamongan ...............................................................................................II-37
2.6.8 Candi Agung .......................................................................................................................II-38
2.6.9 Potensi Wisata Lain ..........................................................................................................II-39

BAB III. POTENSI KAWASAN GUNUG API LAMONGAN SEBAGAI


GEOPARK
3.1 GAMBARAN UMUM WILAYAH .............................................................................................III-1
3.1.1 Iklim......................................................................................................................................III-3
3.1.2 Fisiografi ..............................................................................................................................III-3
3.1.3 Hidrografi............................................................................................................................III-4
3.2.GEODIVERSITY............................................................................................................................III-4
3.2.1. Morfologi / Bentang Lahan .............................................................................................III-4

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3.2.2. Sejarah Aktivitas Gunungapi Lamongan ......................................................................III-6
3.2.3. Lokasi Pengamatan Geologi (Geosite) ........................................................................III-7
3.3 BIODIVERSITY .............................................................................................................................III-25
3.3.1 Vegetasi Sekitar Ranu .......................................................................................................III-27
3.3.2 Vegetasi Permukiman .......................................................................................................III-28
3.3.3 Vegetasi Hutan Pegunungan Bawah ..............................................................................III-29
3.3.4 Fauna ....................................................................................................................................III-36
3.4 CULTURAL HERITAGE/DIVERSITY .......................................................................................III-37
3.4.1 Bangunan Bersejarah ........................................................................................................III-37
3.4.2 Upacara Adat &Atraksi Budaya ......................................................................................III-37
3.5 INFRASTRUKTUR .......................................................................................................................III-39
3.5.1 Prasarana dan Sarana Transportasi ...............................................................................III-39
3.5.2. Prasarana dan Sarana Ekonomi .....................................................................................III-40
3.6 REGULASI ......................................................................................................................................III-45
3.6.1 Upaya Perlindungan Geosites, Ekosistem dan Budaya ..............................................III-45
3.6.2 Pembiayaan .........................................................................................................................III-45
3.6.3 Promosi ...............................................................................................................................III-46
3.7 PERAN SERTA MASYARAKAT ...............................................................................................III-47
3.7.1 Respon Publik terhadap Pengembangan Geopark .....................................................III-47
3.7.2 Peran Serta Masyarakat ...................................................................................................III-49
3.8. ANALISIS KELAYAKAN ...........................................................................................................III-54

BAB IV. STRATEGI DAN RENCANA PENGEMBANGAN GUNUNGAPI


LAMONGAN SEBAGAI GEOPARK
4.1 PENENTUAN PRIORITAS DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN ..................................IV-1
4.1.1 Analisis Hirarki Proses .....................................................................................................IV-1
4.1.2 Strategi Pengembangan ....................................................................................................IV-5
4.2 PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN WISATA GUNUNG LAMONGAN ....IV-10
4.2.1 Pengembangan Produk dan Atraksi Wisata ................................................................IV-10
4.2.2 Pengembangan Amenitas .................................................................................................IV-10
4.2.3 Pengembangan Lintas Sektor ..........................................................................................IV-11
4.2.4 Pengembangan Fasilitas Umum Wisata ........................................................................IV-13
4.2.5 Pengembangan Aksesibilitas ............................................................................................IV-14

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4.2.6 Informasi Wisata ...............................................................................................................IV-15
4.2.7 Promosi Wisata .................................................................................................................IV-17
4.3 PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN GUNUNG LAMONGAN SEBAGAI
TEMPAT GEO – EKO TOURISM ...................................................................................................IV-19
4.3.1 Perlindungan Geosites .....................................................................................................IV-19
4.3.2 Pusat Informasi dan Promosi ..........................................................................................IV-20
4.3.3 Peningkatan Akses Publik dan Fasilitas .........................................................................IV-21
4.3.4 Pembinaan Pemandu Lokal..............................................................................................IV-22
4.3.5 Peningkatan Prasarana dan Sarana Transportasi ........................................................IV-23
4.3.6 Penelitian dan Pengembangan.........................................................................................IV-24
4.3 PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN GUNUNG LAMONGAN SEBAGAI
GEOPARK ............................................................................................................................................IV-26
4.4.1 Geodiversity .......................................................................................................................IV-26
4.4.2 Biodiversity .........................................................................................................................IV-26
4.4.3 Cultural dan Heritage Diversity.....................................................................................IV-27
4.4.4 Infrastruktur .......................................................................................................................IV-27
4.4.5 Regulasi................................................................................................................................IV-28
4.4.6 Pemberdayaan Masyarakat ..............................................................................................IV-28

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN


5.1 KESIMPULAN ...............................................................................................................................V-1
5.2 SARAN ...........................................................................................................................................V-1

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 1.1 Pilar Pengembangan Geopark .............................................................. I-10
Gambar 1.2 Konsep Geopark terkait Penataan Ruang ......................................... I-14
Gambar 1.3 Lanscape Kawasan Geopark Gunung Sewu ...................................... I-16
Gambar 2.1 Peta Administrasi Kabupaten Lumajang ............................................. II-2
Gambar 2.2 Peta Topografi Kabupaten Lumajang .................................................. II-7
Gambar 2.3 Peta Geologi Kabupaten Lumajang ..................................................... II-8
Gambar 2.4 Peta Klimatologi Kabupaten Lumajang ............................................... II-9
Gambar 2.5 Peta Jenis Tanah Kabupaten Lumajang ............................................... II-10
Gambar 2.6 Peranan Sektoral terhadap PDRB ....................................................... II-13
Gambar 2.7 Pertumbuhan PDRB Kabupaten Lumajang ........................................ II-13
Gambar 2.8 Peta Sebaran Wisata .............................................................................. II-23
Gambar 2.9 Peta Akomodasi Wisata ........................................................................ II-26
Gambar 3.1 Peta Lokasi Geopark Lamongan .......................................................... III-2
Gambar 3.2 Overlay lereng gunung Lamongan dengan batas administrasi 3
kecamatan di Kabupaten Lumajang .................................................. III-
2
Gambar 3.3 Kemiringan lereng Gunung Lamongan ............................................... III-3
Gambar 3.4 Fisigrafi Pulau Jawa dan Kawasan Gunungapi Lamongan ................ III-4
Gambar 3.5 Pusat erupsi Gunungapi Lamongan dan morfologinya ..................... III-5
Gambar 3.6 Sebaran Maar/lubang kepunden dan kerucut parasit di Gunung
Lamongan ................................................................................................ III-5
Gambar 3.7 Model 3D Gunung Lamongan dan Sekitarnya .................................. III-8
Gambar 3.8 Maar Ranu Pakis ...................................................................................... III-9
Gambar 3.9 Breksi Laharik Ranu Pakis dan Blok Lava disekitar Ranu Pakis ..... III-9
Gambar 3.10 Penampakan Ranu Klakah...................................................................... III-11
Gambar 3.11 Tuff Pasirian berlapis sejajar dan batulapili bergradasi .................... III-12
Gambar 3.12 Penampakan Bomb Sag Structure........................................................ III-12
Gambar 3.13 Penampakan Maar Ranu Bedali .......................................................... III-13
Gambar 3.14 Breksi Piroklastik pada dinding tebing Maar Bedali ......................... III-14
Gambar 3.15 Kondisi Ranuyoso dan Mata Air dibawahnya .................................... III-15
Gambar 3.16 Gradasi Batulapili (kiri) dan blok lava andesit skoriaan .................. III-15
Gambar 3.17 Kenampakan Maar Wungkal ................................................................. III-16
Gambar 3.18 Kenampakan breksi piroklastik (kiri) & Blok Vulkanik (kanan) ..... III-17
Gambar 3.19 (A) Blok Vulkanik Andesit Porfiritik (B) Blok Vulkanik Basalt ...... III-17
Gambar 3.20 Kenampakan maar Ranu Air dari sisi utara ....................................... III-18
Gambar 3.21 Kenampakan Lava Andesit Prasejarah di bagian barat .................... III-18
Gambar 3.22 Kenampakan Maar Ranu Gunung Parang Tenggara Ranu .............. III-19
Gambar 3.23 Kenampakan Batulapili pada maar Ranu Gunung Parang ............... III-19

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Gambar 3.24 Kenampakan maar Ranu Lading dari sisi selatan .............................. III-20
Gambar 3.25 Kenampakan Blok vulkanik di sekitar Maar Ranu Lading ............... III-21
Gambar 3.26 Lava Andesit Scoria Cinder Cone Gunung Wonoyu ...................... III-21
Gambar 3.27 Kenampakan salah satu cinder cone, komplek Gunung
Melawang…. ............................................................................................ III-22
Gambar 3.28 Lava Andesit Scoria yang membentuk lapisan tebal (kiri)
kenampakan lava andesit scoria (kanan) dari cinder cone gunung
melawang .................................................................................................. III-22
Gambar 3.29 Kenampakan permukaan (kiri) dan close up Lava Sumberpetung ......... III-23
Gambar 3.30 Kenampakan dataran kaki gunungapi Lava Papringan ............................. III-24
Gambar 3.31 Kenampakan Lava Andesit Papringan ....................................................... III-24
Gambar 3.32 Autobreccia Lava Ranu Lading .................................................................. III-25
Gambar 3.33 Pembagian zonasi vegetasi pegunungan.................................................... III-26
Gambar 3.34 Beberapa jenis tanaman pohon di sekitar Ranu ............................... III-27
Gambar 3.35 Beberapa jenis tanaman buah yang banyak dijumpai di
permukiman di sekitar Gunung Lamongan ....................................... III-28
Gambar 3.36 Beberapa jenis tanaman paku-pakuan di Hutan Pegunungan Bawah...... III-28
Gambar3.37 Beberapa spesies menarik yang dijumpai di Gunung Lamongan,
Nephenthes gymnamphora( kiri) dan angrek kantung semar
Paphiopedilum javanicum (kanan)……………………………….III-36
Gambar 3.38 Beberapa bangunan cagar budaya di sekitar Kecamatan Klakah,
Kantor Kecamatan Klakah (kiri) dan stasiun Kereta Klakah
(kanan) ..................................................................................................... III-37
Gambar 3.39 Kesenian Ludruk (a); Kesenian Jarak Kencak; dan Kesenian
Terbang Glipang di lokasi Geopark Lamongan
Kabupaten Lumajang .............................................................................. III-38
Gambar 3.40 Beberapa prasarana transportasi ......................................................... III-39
Gambar 3.41Pasar Buah di Kecamatan RanuyosoSumber: Kecamatan Ranuyoso,
Klakah dan Randuagung Dalam Angka, 2016 (diolah) ...................... III-42
Gambar 3.42 Sarana perdagangan, Pasar Klakah (kiri) Randuagung (kanan) ....... III-43
Gambar 3.43 Jumlah Penduduk berdasarkan Usia di Lokasi Geopark Lamongan
(diolah dari Kecamatan Ranuyoso, Klakah dan Randuagung Dalam Angka,
2016 ............................................................................................................. III-22
Gambar 4.1 Strategi Pengembangan Gunung Lamongan ........................................ IV-9
Gambar 4.2 Lokasi Flora dan Fauna Gunung Lamongan ........................................ IV-25
Gambar 4.3 Jumlah Flora dan Fauna Gunung Lamongan ....................................... IV-26

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1.1 Fungsi Pengembangan Wilayah Kabupaten Lumajang ....................... I-19


Tabel 1.2 Fungsi Gravitasi dan Indeks Sentralitas ................................................ I-21
Tabel 1.3 Pusat Kegiatan Lokal ................................................................................ I-23
Tabel 1.4 Rencana Struktur Kegiatan Kabupaten Lumajang .............................. I-24
Tabel 2.1 Klasifikasi Ketinggian Tempat Kabupaten Lumajang .......................... II-4
Tabel 2.2 Luas Wilayah Berdasarkan Klasifikasi Geologi ................................... II-5
Tabel 2.3 Klasifikasi Jenis Tanah di Kabupaten Lumajang ................................... II-6
Tabel 2.4 Jumlah Penduduk Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin 2014 ........................... II-11
Tabel 2.5 Luas Daerah, Penduduk, Rumah Tangga Rata-rata ............................ II-12
Tabel 2.6 Obyek Wisata Kabupaten Lumajang..................................................... II-14
Tabel 2.7 Akomodasi Wisata Kabupaten Lumajang ............................................ II-16
Tabel 2.8 Jalur Trayek Dan Tempat Ngetem Angkutan Kota di Lumajang .... II-17
Tabel 2.9 Data Kunjungan Wisatawan 3 tahun terakhir .................................... II-19
Tabel 2.10 Obyek dan Daya Tarik Pariwisata di Kecamatan Ranuyoso,
Klakah dan Randuagung .......................................................................... II-21
Tabel 2.10 Obyek dan Daya Tarik Lain di Kecamatan Ranuyoso, Klakah dan
Randuagung ................................................................................................ II-22
Tabel 2.11 Penetapan Desa Wisata ........................................................................... II-22
Tabel 2.12 Akomodasi Wisata .................................................................................... II-24
Tabel 2.13 Fasilitas Transposrtasi Wisata ................................................................ II-25
Tabel 2.14 Data Kunjungan Wisata tahun 2016 ..................................................... II-25
Tabel 2.15 Industri Pariwisata di Kecamaan Ranuyoso, Klakah
dan Randu Agung...................................................................................... II-28
Tabel 3.1 Kualitas Air di Maar Ranu Pakis.................................................................. III-10
Tabel 3.2 Kualitas Air di Maar Ranu Klakah ............................................................... III-12
Tabel 3.3 Hasil uji kualitas air di perairan Ranu Bedali .............................................. III-14
Tabel 3.4 Kekayaan spesies dan family pada petak pengamatan di Ranu Klakah
dan Hutan pegunungan bawah Gunung Lamongan.................................. III-27
Tabel 3.5 Daftar Tumbuhan Gunung Lamongan ........................................................ III-30
Tabel 3.6 Keragaman jenis angrek yang ditemukan di Gunung Lamongan .............. III-35
Tabel 3.7 Bangunan dan Benda Cagar Budaya di sekitar Gunungapi Lamongan ..... III-37
Tabel 3.8 Cagar Budaya dan Kesenian Geopark Lamongan ............................................ III-37
Tabel 3.9 Jenis Produksi Buah Geopark Lamongan ......................................................... III-42
Tabel 3.10 Jumlah Pendudk di Lokasi Geopark Lamongan ......................................... III-51
Tabel 3.11 Jenis Mata Pencaharian Penduduk di Lokasi Geopark Lamongan ............ III-51

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Tabel 3.12 Obyek dan Daya Tarik Pariwisata di Kecamatan Ranuyoso,
Klakah dan Randuagung .......................................................................... III-56
Tabel 3.13 Evaluasi kelayakan kawasan Gunung Lamongan sebagai Geopark .......... III-58
Tabel 3.14 Analisis Kelayakan Pengembangan Geopark berdasarkan
parameter utama dan pendukung ......................................................... III-62
Tabel 4.1 Keterangan Penilaian AHP .......................................................................... IV-1
Tabel 4.2 Contoh Penilaian Kuisioner AHP ............................................................... IV-1
Tabel 4.3 Konstanta IR .............................................................................................. IV-2
Tabel 4.4 Rencana Pengembangan Tematik Kepariwisataan terpadu .............. IV-10
Tabel 4.5 Rencana Pengembangan anematis wisata di wilayah geopark
Lamongan ................................................................................................... IV-11
Tabel 4.6 Rencana Pengembangan Lintas Sektor Wisata di Geopark
Lamongan ................................................................................................... IV-11
Tabel 4.7 Rencana pengembangan fasilitas pariwisata dan fasilitas umum ...... IV-16
Tabel 4.8 Rencana Pengembangan aksesibilitas .................................................... IV-17
Tabel 4.9 Aksesbilitas Menuju ODTW .................................................................. IV-22

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