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Physics Reviewer

Uploaded by Zet Disquitado on Nov 01, 2014

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Review Material for PHY10 : DO NOT BRING DURING ACTUAL EAMINATION

$ign %onvention &rom origin' : s : &(' ) * h : &(' +V : &(' ) O, &(' + g =

!" m/s

/ther  $  o rtant %;uations

Note g =
+

!" m/s

R * <V

/8

sin 28+4= >g H * V

/Y 8

>28g4 * 2V

sin +

4>28g4 t

* R>V

/

*V

/Y

>g * 2V

sin +4>g* t

>8%&:

A  ro>e'tile i( ?re+ fro) a *#$ a$+ &a( i$itial &ori7o$tal a$+ verti'al 'o) o$e$t( of velo'it% e"#al to @0 )
 ( a$+ 20 ) (6 re( e'tivel%. a.;&at i( t&e i$itial ( ee+ of t&e  ro>e'tile< ,.
3ppro4imately

&ow lo$* +oe( it ta3e t&e  ro>e'tile to rea'& t&e &i*&e(t  oi$t<'.;&at i( t&e ( ee+ of t&e  ro>e'tile at
t&e &i*&e(t  oi$t i$ it( tra>e'tor%<+.

3ppro4imately

w&at i( t&e )a-i)#) &ori7o$tal +i(ta$'e rea'&e+ ,% t&e  ro>e'tile

. Forces ? !aws of Motion

ewton@s !aws of Motion

ewton@s First !aw of Motion

A$ o,>e't (itti$* at re(t will re)ai$ at re(t if t&e (#) of all for'e( a'ti$* o$ t&e o,>e't i( 7ero. /i)ilarl%6 if a$
o,>e't i( )ovi$* a$+ t&e (#) of t&e for'e( a'ti$* o$ t&e o,>e't i( 7ero6 t&e$ t&e o,>e't will 'o$ti$#e to )ove
i$ t&e (a)e +ire'tio$ wit& (a)e ( ee+.

<F * 0=

First %ondition o 56ili-rim7he -ody or system at this condition remains at rest or moves in a straight
line 8ith constant velocity! &7ranslational 56 ili- ri m'

$tatic 56 ili- ri m – re ers to all o-.ects at rest!

9ynamic 56 ili- ri m – re ers to all o-.ects / systems moving at constant velocity  F = , = 0   F

<

=0 *  F

= 0>

E-: A 5!3*  i't#re fra)e i( (#   o rte+ ,% two wire( w&ere ea'& wire )a3e( @0  wit& t&e &ori7o$tal. ;&at
i( t&e te$(io$ i$ ea'& wire<

ewton@s "econd !aw of Motion 2"!M4


If a$ #$,ala$'e+ for'e a't( o$ a ,o+%6 it i( a''elerate+ ,% a$ a)o#$t  ro  o rti o$al tot&e #$,ala$'e+ for'e a$+
i$ t&e (a)e +ire'tio$ ,#t i$ver(el% to it( )a((.

<a * F

net

> $= or <F

net

$a=

F =ma 8here :  F

<

= ma

<

* F

= 0 &i motion is relatively or prely horizontal' F

<

= 0 * F

= ma

&i motion is relatively or prely vertical'

%&:

A$ o,>e't )ove( +#e to a $et for'e of @. N. It (tart( at re(t a$+ a''elerate( at 5.  ) (

. ;&ati( it( )a((<A. 10 3* B. 5  3*C. 1  3* D. 50 3*


Pa*e 5 of 2

Review Material for PHY10 : DO NOT BRING DURING ACTUAL EAMINATION

ewton@s #hird !aw of Motion

;&e$ever o$e o,>e't e-ert( a for'e o$ a (e'o$+ o,>e't6 t&e (e'o$+ o,>e't e-ert( a rea'tio$ for'e of e"#al )
a*$it#+e ,#t o   o (ite +ire'tio$ o$ t&e ?r(t o,>e't. It i$+i'ate( t&at for'e( 'o)e i$  air(  a$ a'tio$ for'e a$+
rea'tio$ for'e

Friction Force 2f4 B force acting Cetween the Cody and its surface of contact which is acting  arallel Cut
o   o site to the direction of $otion < f D  or f * E  = #y es:

/tati' ri'tio$6 f

 e-i(t( w&e$ t&e ,o+% i( at re(t ,#t &a( t&e te$+e$'% to (li+e.

Fi$eti' ri'tio$6 f

 o   o (i$* for'e w&e$ t&e ,o+% i( i$ )otio$

%&:

T&ree i+e$ti'al ,lo'3( are  #lle+ or  #(&e+ a'ro(( a &ori7o$tal (#rfa'e ,% a for'e

6 a( (&ow$ i$ t&e +rawi$*(. T&e for'e

i$ ea'& 'a(e &a( t&e (a)e )a*$it#+e. ;&i'& ?*#re will *ive t&e lea(t 3i$eti' fri'tio$al for'e<

%&:
A 10!3* ,lo'3 i( (et )ovi$* wit& a$ i$itial ( ee+ of  ) ( o$ a ro#*& &ori7o$tal (#rfa'e. If t&e fri'tio$ for'e i(
50 N6 a   r o- i)atel% &ow far +oe( t&e ,lo'3 travel ,efore it (to  (<

(. ircular Motion

entri etal Force 2F

T&e $et for'e t&at 'a#(e( o,>e't to )ove i$ a 'ir'#lar  at& rat&er t&a$ a (trai*&t o$e.

Ce$tri etal )ea$(  towar+( t&e 'e$ter 6 (o t&i( *oe( towar+( t&e a-i( of rotatio$.

entri etal Acceleration 2a

T&e a''eleratio$ a((o'iate+ wit& t&e 'e$tri etal for'e. It al(o *oe( towar+( t&e 'e$ter of rotatio$.

Al(o 3$ow$ a( t&e ra+ial a''eleratio$

%-'A# /  "

5here:

* $a

*v
8

>R

v – linear or tangential velocity &m/s'

* $v

>R v * >R

? – ang lar velocity &rad/s'

* $R

 * 8G>#

7 – period o rotation1 time or @ complete revoltion &seconds'

*  $RG

>#

# * 1>f

 – re6 ency1 n m- er o  revol ti ons at a given time &per second or hertz'


*  $RG

ewton@s "econd !aw of Motion A   l ications

Pa*e @ of 2

Review Material for PHY10 : DO NOT BRING DURING ACTUAL EAMINATION

1. HoriIontal ircle1.1 Flat urve

5here:

MA 

* J2E

"

Rg4

v – linear or tangential velocity &m/s' : v

A3<

– ma4im m velocity

1.8 )anKed urve

– static coeCcient o the road srace

tan L * v

8
>2Rg4

, – radi s o  c rvat re &m'

L * tan

B1

<v

>2Rg4=

– -anDing angle &E'

8. Vertical ircle 2on 'nifor$4 !owest Point Highest Pointa

$a&

*v

MA 8

>R a

$in

*v

M  8

>R F

is $a&i$u$F

is $ini$u$%&:

A 10 3* *ar,a*e ,a* i( w&irle+ i$to a #$ifor) 'ir'#lar )otio$. T&e +ia)eter of t&i( 'ir'le i( 0). If t&e
'e$tri etal for'e wa( )ea(#re+ to ,e 926100 +%$e(6 w&at i( t&e li$ear ( ee+ of t&e *ar,a*e ,a*< A.
1.2 )( B. 15. )(C. 50. )(D. 1. )(

%. ewton@s !aw of Nravitation


!Ever% arti'le of )ater i$ t&e #$iver(e atra't( ever% ot&er arti'le wit& a for'e t&at i(+ire'tl%
ro o rtio$al to t&e ro+#'t of t&e )a((e( of t&e arti'le( a$+ i$ver(el% ro o rtio$alto t&e ("#are
of t&e +i(ta$'e ,etwee$ t&e).

F * N$

>

2R

;&ere:)

1J

)a((e( of t&e two arti'le(K3*    for'e of atra'tio$ KN R  +i(ta$'e ,etwee$ t&e


twoarti'le( K) G  *ravitatio$al 'o$(ta$t  . -10

!11

N)

3*

(eter$ining the Acceleration (ue to NravityO g

Co$(i+er a$ o,>e't of )a((

m
falli$* $ear a la$et=( (#rfa'e6 t&e for'e of atra'tio$ i( t&e*ravitatio$al #ll of t&e la$et towar+ t&e
o,>e't w&i'& i( t&e wei*&t of t&e o,>e't o$ t&at la$et.

F*5N$M

Planet

>R

* $g g * N M

lanet

>R

%&:

If t&e eart& were t&ree ti)e( fart&er fro) t&e (#$ t&a$ it i( $ow6 t&e *ravitatio$alfor'e e-erte+ o$ it ,%
t&e (#$ wo#l+ ,ea.t&ree ti)e( a( lar*e a( it i( $ow,.$i$e ti)e( a( lar*e a( it i( $ow'.o$e!t&ir+ a( lar*e a( it
i( $ow+.o$e!$i$t& a( lar*e a( it i( $owPa