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!" m/s

Note g =
+

!" m/s

R * <V

/8

## sin 28+4= >g H * V

/Y 8

>28g4 * 2V

sin +

4>28g4 t

* R>V

/

*V

/Y

>g * 2V

sin +4>g* t

>8%&:

A  ro>e'tile i( ?re+ fro) a *#\$ a\$+ &a( i\$itial &ori7o\$tal a\$+ verti'al 'o) o\$e\$t( of velo'it% e"#al to @0 )
 ( a\$+ 20 ) (6 re( e'tivel%. a.;&at i( t&e i\$itial ( ee+ of t&e  ro>e'tile< ,.
3ppro4imately

&ow lo\$* +oe( it ta3e t&e  ro>e'tile to rea'& t&e &i*&e(t  oi\$t<'.;&at i( t&e ( ee+ of t&e  ro>e'tile at
t&e &i*&e(t  oi\$t i\$ it( tra>e'tor%<+.

3ppro4imately

## ewton@s First !aw of Motion

A\$ o,>e't (itti\$* at re(t will re)ai\$ at re(t if t&e (#) of all for'e( a'ti\$* o\$ t&e o,>e't i( 7ero. /i)ilarl%6 if a\$
o,>e't i( )ovi\$* a\$+ t&e (#) of t&e for'e( a'ti\$* o\$ t&e o,>e't i( 7ero6 t&e\$ t&e o,>e't will 'o\$ti\$#e to )ove
i\$ t&e (a)e +ire'tio\$ wit& (a)e ( ee+.

<F * 0=

First %ondition o 56ili-rim7he -ody or system at this condition remains at rest or moves in a straight
line 8ith constant velocity! &7ranslational 56 ili- ri m'

## 9ynamic 56 ili- ri m – re ers to all o-.ects / systems moving at constant velocity  F = , = 0   F

<

=0 *  F

= 0>

E-: A 5!3*  i't#re fra)e i( (#   o rte+ ,% two wire( w&ere ea'& wire )a3e( @0  wit& t&e &ori7o\$tal. ;&at
i( t&e te\$(io\$ i\$ ea'& wire<

## ewton@s "econd !aw of Motion 2"!M4

If a\$ #\$,ala\$'e+ for'e a't( o\$ a ,o+%6 it i( a''elerate+ ,% a\$ a)o#\$t  ro  o rti o\$al tot&e #\$,ala\$'e+ for'e a\$+
i\$ t&e (a)e +ire'tio\$ ,#t i\$ver(el% to it( )a((.

<a * F

net

> \$= or <F

net

\$a=

F =ma 8here :  F

<

= ma

<

* F

<

= 0 * F

= ma

## &i motion is relatively or prely vertical'

%&:

A\$ o,>e't )ove( +#e to a \$et for'e of @. N. It (tart( at re(t a\$+ a''elerate( at 5.  ) (

Pa*e 5 of 2

## ewton@s #hird !aw of Motion

;&e\$ever o\$e o,>e't e-ert( a for'e o\$ a (e'o\$+ o,>e't6 t&e (e'o\$+ o,>e't e-ert( a rea'tio\$ for'e of e"#al )
a*\$it#+e ,#t o   o (ite +ire'tio\$ o\$ t&e ?r(t o,>e't. It i\$+i'ate( t&at for'e( 'o)e i\$  air(  a\$ a'tio\$ for'e a\$+
rea'tio\$ for'e

Friction Force 2f4 B force acting Cetween the Cody and its surface of contact which is acting  arallel Cut
o   o site to the direction of \$otion < f D  or f * E  = #y es:

/tati' ri'tio\$6 f

 e-i(t( w&e\$ t&e ,o+% i( at re(t ,#t &a( t&e te\$+e\$'% to (li+e.

Fi\$eti' ri'tio\$6 f

##  o   o (i\$* for'e w&e\$ t&e ,o+% i( i\$ )otio\$

%&:

T&ree i+e\$ti'al ,lo'3( are  #lle+ or  #(&e+ a'ro(( a &ori7o\$tal (#rfa'e ,% a for'e

## 6 a( (&ow\$ i\$ t&e +rawi\$*(. T&e for'e

i\$ ea'& 'a(e &a( t&e (a)e )a*\$it#+e. ;&i'& ?*#re will *ive t&e lea(t 3i\$eti' fri'tio\$al for'e<

%&:
A 10!3* ,lo'3 i( (et )ovi\$* wit& a\$ i\$itial ( ee+ of  ) ( o\$ a ro#*& &ori7o\$tal (#rfa'e. If t&e fri'tio\$ for'e i(
50 N6 a   r o- i)atel% &ow far +oe( t&e ,lo'3 travel ,efore it (to  (<

(. ircular Motion

## entri etal Force 2F

T&e \$et for'e t&at 'a#(e( o,>e't to )ove i\$ a 'ir'#lar  at& rat&er t&a\$ a (trai*&t o\$e.

Ce\$tri etal )ea\$(  towar+( t&e 'e\$ter 6 (o t&i( *oe( towar+( t&e a-i( of rotatio\$.

## entri etal Acceleration 2a

T&e a''eleratio\$ a((o'iate+ wit& t&e 'e\$tri etal for'e. It al(o *oe( towar+( t&e 'e\$ter of rotatio\$.

%-'A# /  "

5here:

* \$a

*v
8

>R

* \$v

>R v * >R

* \$R

 * 8G>#

## 7 – period o rotation1 time or @ complete revoltion &seconds'

*  \$RG

>#

# * 1>f

 – re6 ency1 n m- er o  revol ti ons at a given time &per second or hertz'

*  \$RG

Pa*e @ of 2

5here:

MA 

* J2E

"

Rg4

## v – linear or tangential velocity &m/s' : v

A3<

– ma4im m velocity

tan L * v

8
>2Rg4

L * tan

B1

<v

>2Rg4=

## 8. Vertical ircle 2on 'nifor\$4 !owest Point Highest Pointa

\$a&

*v

MA 8

>R a

\$in

*v

M  8

>R F

is \$a&i\$u\$F

is \$ini\$u\$%&:

A 10 3* *ar,a*e ,a* i( w&irle+ i\$to a #\$ifor) 'ir'#lar )otio\$. T&e +ia)eter of t&i( 'ir'le i( 0). If t&e
'e\$tri etal for'e wa( )ea(#re+ to ,e 926100 +%\$e(6 w&at i( t&e li\$ear ( ee+ of t&e *ar,a*e ,a*< A.
1.2 )( B. 15. )(C. 50. )(D. 1. )(

## %. ewton@s !aw of Nravitation

!Ever% arti'le of )ater i\$ t&e #\$iver(e atra't( ever% ot&er arti'le wit& a for'e t&at i(+ire'tl%
ro o rtio\$al to t&e ro+#'t of t&e )a((e( of t&e arti'le( a\$+ i\$ver(el% ro o rtio\$alto t&e ("#are
of t&e +i(ta\$'e ,etwee\$ t&e).

F * N\$

>

2R

;&ere:)

1J

## )a((e( of t&e two arti'le(K3*    for'e of atra'tio\$ KN R  +i(ta\$'e ,etwee\$ t&e

twoarti'le( K) G  *ravitatio\$al 'o\$(ta\$t  . -10

!11

N)

3*

## Co\$(i+er a\$ o,>e't of )a((

m
falli\$* \$ear a la\$et=( (#rfa'e6 t&e for'e of atra'tio\$ i( t&e*ravitatio\$al #ll of t&e la\$et towar+ t&e
o,>e't w&i'& i( t&e wei*&t of t&e o,>e't o\$ t&at la\$et.

F*5N\$M

Planet

>R

* \$g g * N M

lanet

>R

%&:

If t&e eart& were t&ree ti)e( fart&er fro) t&e (#\$ t&a\$ it i( \$ow6 t&e *ravitatio\$alfor'e e-erte+ o\$ it ,%
t&e (#\$ wo#l+ ,ea.t&ree ti)e( a( lar*e a( it i( \$ow,.\$i\$e ti)e( a( lar*e a( it i( \$ow'.o\$e!t&ir+ a( lar*e a( it
i( \$ow+.o\$e!\$i\$t& a( lar*e a( it i( \$owPa