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ALBAQUA - Combined ALgal and BActerial

waste water treatment for high environmental QUAlity effluents


Jean-Yves Escabasse
29.11.2013
PTS Multinational projects (Since 2007)

Key facts
Topics in resource and
water management, product • PAPRIQUA (PTS coordinator) (*)
• AquaFit4use (*)
quality, sustainability • SOTIPA (PTS coordinator) (*)
• SORT IT (PTS coordinator) (*)
A strong focus on industrial
• SUNPAP (*) • ALBAQUA (PTS coordinator) (*)
applications,
• BECOTEPS (*) SMEs and collective • SONOPULP (PTS coordinator) (*)
• BOOSTEFF (*) research • PrintIP (PTS coordinator) (*)
• CapWa 58 proposals submitted • AOP4Water (PTS coordinator) (*)
• LOCIMAP since January 2007
• W2PHeat (PTS coordinator)
• NewGenPak (28 as coordinator)
42% success rate • SOLAPACK (PTS coordinator)
• REFFIBRE
Partners in all Europe • FLEXINAD (PTS coordinator)
• ALBAPRO (PTS coordinator)
• SUBWEX (PTS coordinator)
• DEMOWOOD
(PTS proposal coordinator)
• SERECARB (PTS coordinator) (*)
• PowerBonds
• NATUBAR (*) (*) completed
• Eco Paper

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Contents

• ALBA and effluent treatment with algae


• Basic symbiosis used for ALBA treatment
• ALBA projects
• Summary of results
• Overview trials
• Settling ability, Degradation performance, Pilot trials

• Prospects for ALBA wastewater treatment

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ALBA and effluent treatment with algae – what’s the difference?

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ALBA flocs

Waste Purified
water Water

Biomass
in excess

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ALBA – Basic symbiosis used for wastewater treatment

Reduced energy demand for


O2 supply to aerobic treatment
stages O2
Organics,
nutrients Bacteria,
Algae Residual fungi, protozoa
COD
CO2
Improved CO2 balance
and degradation performance

Is it applicable, efficient and economical for the treatment of


paper industry effluents?

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ALBA Projects: Partners

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Project aims: Combined algal and bacterial waste water treatment for
high environmental quality effluents (ALBAQUA) 01.09.2009 – 31.12.2011

WP 1
Cultivation WP 2, 4
Know how Operating
transfer conditions

Algae/
Algae-bacteria
(ALBA) WP 3, 5
Degradation
WP 8, 9 performance
LCA, Economics
WP 6 •Energy supply
Utilisation of
excess sludge/waste •Biofuel
•Raw material

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Project aims: Algae-Bacteria operation processes for waste water
treatment and biomass production (ALBAPRO) 01.01.2013 – 31.12.2014

Aims
• Optimisation of ALBA effluent
treatment operating
conditions in pilot scale
• transfer of technology
to other industrial/municipal sectors
• Valorisation of ALBA biomass

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Laboratory and pilot plant

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Trials – operating conditions and parameters

Operating parameter Lab scale/pilot trials


Food to Micro-org. 0,03–0,1 kg BOD5/(kg dsm.d)

Hydraulic Retention Time 2–5 d

Dry Solid Matter 0,3–2,5 g/l

Temperature / pH T 25 – 30°C; pH 7,5-9,5

Lighting 10:14 h and 12:12 h in lab, natural daylight outdoors

Measured parameters O2, Chl-a, DSM, COD, BOD5, TOC, NH4, NO3, NO2, PO4
(partly: microorganism composition) TOC (DOC)

Calculated parameters HRT, F/M, SRT, algae:bacteria ratio

nutrition supply: if necessary app. C:N:P = 1100:6:0,5

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Results - summary effluent degradation


Raw material Products COD reduction

Pulp, waste paper printing papers > 70 %

Mechanical pulp, Wood-containing coated


> 65 %
Recovered paper printing paper

Recovered paper board > 70 %

Recovered paper, pulp Wood-free graphic paper > 76 %

Recovered paper,
Newsprint ̴ 65 %
Mechanical pulp

O2 concentration 0,1 – 16 mg/l supplied by algae only

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Biodiversity rising with on-going test duration

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PCPC
40x10x PC 100x

Results pilot operation


COD (mg/L) IN, OUT
400,0
200,0
,0
20 25 30 4 9 14 19 24 29 4 9 14 19 24
BOD (mg/L) IN, OUT
150,0
100,0
50,0
,0
20 25 30 4 9 14 19 24 29 4 9 14 19 24

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Observations and lessons learnt

•Degradation performance depends on composition of the


wastewater.

•Different wastewater compositions may influence settling ability.

•ALBA community develops into a natural mix with high diversity.


• Sufficient oxygenation is easily achieved.
• influence on ALBA composition and activity is impacted by
insolation / illumination, stirring, temperature as well as oxygen
and nutrients.
• Major threat: Algae devourer.

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General Summary
• PCPC40x10x of algae (chlorella) into activated
Successful incorporation sludge
PC 100x
flocs and adoption of the ALBA biocoenosis.
• Oxygen supply for bacterial degradation activity was solely provided
by algae.
• In general good degradation results, mostly over 70 %.
• settling behaviour of ALBA-biomass similar to conventional activated
sludge.
• Up-scaled pilot operation in a paper mill producing printing papers
confirms lab scale test results.
• Extrusion / consumption of algae by excess bacterial biomass growth
under unsuitable operating conditions

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T, Ca, pH, ALBA prospects Future projects
dBR/dt
high ALBA-Design
technological
adoption to ALBAPRO
Industrial
processes
ALBA
Activated
technology
low

sludge
ALBAQUA

negative positive

€/tpaper added value


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From ALBAQUA to ALBAPRO and
further, THANK YOU

Bioreactor pictures: Rogalla, F. et al, ALGAE BIOFUEL: SYMBIOSIS


BETWEEN NUTRIENT REMOVAL AND WATER REUSE, presentation at
PTS Environmental Symposium 2011

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Contact
Jean-Yves Escabasse
+49 89 12146 228

+49 176 12146 228

@ Jean-Yves.Escabasse@ptspaper.de

Papiertechnische Stiftung (PTS)


Hess-Strasse 134
80797 Munich
Germany Thank you for your attention!
www.ptspaper.com
http://www.ptspaper.com/services/research-innovation/eu-research/

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