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(Established in the Ministry of Higher Education,
vide in Act No. 29 of 1995)

Higher National Diploma in English (New)

Second Year, 1stSemester Examination - 2014
EN 2102: Advanced Reading Skills ill (Full Time)

Instructions for Candidate: No of pages : 08

Answer four (04) questions only. No of questions : 05
All questions carries equal marks. Time : Two hrs.

Q 1) (Total 25 Marks)

Read the following passage and answer the question given below.

Read the following passage written by a person who went to live on Inishmaan, a remote island
off the west coast ofIreland. It describes his first journey to his new home, and his impressions
of it.
Life on Inishmaan

Early this morning the man of the house came over for me with a curagh- that is, a boat with
four rowers and four oars on either side, as each man uses two-- and we set off a little before
It gave me a moment of exquisite satisfaction to find myself moving away from civilization in
this rough canvas canoe of a type that has served primitive races since people first went on the
sea. .

We had to stop for a moment at a vessel that is anchored in the bay, to make some arrangements
for the fish-processing. When we started again, a small sail was run up in the bow, and we set off
across the water with a leaping up-and-down motion that had no resemblance to the heavy
movement of a larger boat.
The sail is used only as an aid, so the men continued to row after it had gone up, and as they
occupied the four cross-seats, I lay on the canvas at the stern and on the frame of slender wooden
laths, which bent and quivered as the waves passed under them.

When we set off it was a brilliant morning of April, and the green, glittering waves seemed to
toss the canoe among themselves, yet as we drew nearer this island a sudden thunderstorm broke
out behind the rocks we were approaching, and caused a momentary tumult in this still vein of
the Atlantic.
We landed at a small pier, from which a rough track leads up to the village between small fields
and bare sheets of rock like those in Aranmor. The youngest son of my boatman, a boy of about
seventeen, who is to be my teacher and guide, was waiting for me at the pier and guided me to
his house, while the men settled the curagh and followed slowly with my baggage.
My room is at one end of the cottage, with a boarded floor and ceiling, and two windows
opposite each other. Then there is the kitchen with earth floor and open rafters, and two doors
opposite each other opening into the open air, but no windows. Beyond it there are two small
rooms of half the width of the kitchen with one window apiece.
The kitchen itself, where I will spend most of my time, is full of beauty and distinction. The red
dresses of the women who cluster round the fire on their stools give a glow of almost Eastern
richness, and the walls have been toned by the turf smoke to a soft brown that blends with the
grey earth-colour of the floor. Many sorts of fishing-tackle, the nets, and the oiled skins worn by
the fishermen, are hung upon the walls or among the open rafters; and right overhead, under the
thatch, there is a whole skin from which they make leather sandals.

Every article on these islands has an almost personal character, which gives this simple life,
where all art is unknown, a natural artistic beauty. The curaghs and spinning-wheels, the tiny
wooden barrels that are still much used in place of earthenware, the home-made cradles, churns,
and baskets, are all full of individuality; and being made from materials that are common here,
they seem to exist as a natural link between the people and the world that is about them.
I. Select the best answer for the questions given below.

1). Why was the writer so pleased as he started his boat voyage to Inishmaan?
A He found out about arrangements for fish-curing.
B He was travelling in a boat of traditional design.
C The boat left promptly just before noon.
D There were four oarsmen, so the journey would be quick.

2). The curagh

A could not complete the voyage without a sail.
B moved heavily like any other rowboat.
C rose and fell with the waves.
D skimmed smoothly over the water.

3). What did the writer do during the voyage?

A helped to row.
B lay back and rested.
C put up the sail.
D steered the boat.

4). Which ofthe following did the writer see as he landed at the small pier?
A the houses clustered round the pier
B the rockiness of the landscape
C the thunderstorm about to break out
D the wheat growing in the large fields
5). The writer thought that the scene in the kitchen was
A attractive and colourful.
B bare and lifeless.
C cluttered and untidy.
D dirty and smoky.

6). All the articles used every day on the island are made of
A materials easily found on the island.
B stone carved from the rocks.
C the skin hanging from the thatch.
D wood found in the forest.
(2x6 = 12 marks)
HNDE /I Advanced Reading Skills (FIT) 20141st Semester
II. Answer the following questions using your own words.

7). What is a curagh? Explain what it is made of. (4 marks)

8 Quote three words from the passage that describe the thunderstorm or the effect it had upon
the sea.
(3 marks)
9 Give three things in the kitchen that especially caught the writer's attention. (6 marks)

Q2) (Total 25 Marks)

Read the poem written by Brian Pattern and answer the questions,
The package

At dinner, long faced and miserable,

They cast sly glances at the other guests,

The pink-kneed husband and wife

Sitting with their five-year old" complaining pest.

The holiday brochure they'd believed in, lied,

Still they blamed each other for the clouds

And ever since arriving they had rowed.

After dinner, the child put to bed,

They bickered beneath the hotel's vine

And the ghosts of false what-might have been

Surfaced with each extra glass of vine.

Theirs was a package holiday all right;

A package stuffed with years of rootless longings and regrets.

Their bickering done, they sat mutely and both grieved.

The nest day they'd gone. They'd cut their holiday short,
And carried back with them - a failure of another sort.

It was a failure to understand how all

Their arguments revolved around

An earlier package that they'd bought-

One promoted by both Church and State, one written

In the same tempting style, one over which

A watery sun shone the same short while

HNDE 1/Advanced ReadingSkills(FIT)20141st Semester
(i) What can you say the relationship of the married couple? (02 marks)

(ii) Write down the three statements about the couple. (03 marks)

(iii) What do the words italics make you think about the couple? (04 marks)

sly glance

pink-kneened husband

complaining pest
blamed each other

(iv) Which lines suggest that their regrets are illusions? (02 marks)

(v) How do you feel about the poem? (02 marks)

(vi) Decide which of the following statements you agree or disagree with. Explain why?

(06 marks)

I like the poem

It is a hard description of married life

It is very personal

It is not meant to be a general statement about married life

It is very depressing

I don't like the poem

(iv) What is the tone of the writer? (02 marks)

(vii) Read the poem and decide what the package holiday and the couple's marriage have in common?

(04 marks)

Q3. (Total 25 Marks)

Directions (1-5): Rearrange thefollowing sentences (.4), (B), (C), (D) and (E) in the proper
sequence toform a meaningful paragraph, then answer the questions given below them.

(A) According to the national Policy of Education, it is 6 percent of the GDP.

(B) India spends a little less than 4 percent, as did countries like South Korea and Japan that
achieved high literacy post World War II.
(C) The quality of expenditure is more important than the quantity.

HNDE/I Advanced Reading Skills (F/T) 20141st Semester
(D) The center spends Rs 1000 per year on a child while in cities like Mumbai; it's higher than
Rs 6300.

(E) Yet independent studies have found that an average four years of schooling generates two
years oflearning levels across country.
(F) How much government should the government spend on education?
(G) China spends only 2.6 percent.

1. Which one of the following can be the FIRST sentence of the passage in the rearranged
(l)A (2) D (3) C (4) F (5) G

2. Which one of following can be the SECOND sentence of the passage in rearranged sentences?
(1) A (2)B (3) C (4) D (5) E

3. Which one of the following can be the THIRD sentence of the passage in the rearranged

(l)A (2) B (3) C (4) D (5) E

4. Which one of the following can be the FOURTH sentence of the passage in the rearranged
(l)A (2) B (3) C (4) D (5) E

5. Which one offollowing can be the FIFTH sentence of the passage in the rearranged sentence?
(l)A (2)B (3) C (4) G (5) E

(2 1/2x5= 15 marks)

HNDE /I Advanced Reading Skiffs (F/T) 2014 1st Semester
Directions (6-15): In each of the following passages there are blanks, each of which has been

numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each,jive words are
suggested, one ofwhichfus the blank appropriately in the context of the passage. Find out the
appropriate words.

On the first morning when the new Managing Director took charge, he (6) on his desk a
long letter from a (7) It was an angry letter, full of specific (8) it gave a dozen incidents of (9)
service. It ended with this announcement - 'You have received the (10) order that you will (11)
get from me' .
The new Managing Director was a man of sense. He appreciated the (12) of this letter. He wrote
at once to true customer and (13) him for it. Then he took up the complaints of the letter, one-by-
one. They (14) him to (15) Out at once many of the weak points of the organization.

6. (1) put (2) found (3) Kept (4) threw (5) read

7. (1) rival (2) well-wisher (3) preacher (4) customer (5) grumbler

8. (1) matters (2) admiration (3) complaints (4) orders (5) praise

9. (1) bad (2) excellent (3) prompt (4) timely (5) regular

10. (1) last (2) best (3) first (4) important (5) largest

11. (1) never (2) always (3) seldom (4) often (5) ever

12. (1) price (2) depth (3) anger (4) complaint (5) value

13. (1) scolded (2) explained (3) reprimanded (4) thanked (5) alerted

14. (1) prevented (2) enabled (3) wanted (4) forced (5) insisted

15. (1) leave (2) sell (3) find (4) cut (5) thrash
(lxl0=10 marks)

HNDE 1/ Advanced Reading Skills (F/1"J20141st Semester
Q4. (Total 25 Marks)

There are so many lessons one can learn about life from a dog. Imagine this scenario: it is raining
heavily outside and you need to leave for someone's house. The dog is up and eager, to go with
you. You tell it to stay home. As you leave, you see it squeezing out through the gap in the
doorway. You scold it and order it back home. Then at every turn you make, you suddenly see it
following you sheepishly at a distance. It follows at the risk of being reprimanded for the sore
reason of being somewhere nearby. How else can we experience so selfless an instance oflove
and faithfulness? We can learn a lifelong lesson from this sincere warm display of perpetual

Observe the eating habits of your dog. It does not eat, except when hungry. It does not drink,
unless it is thirsty. It does not gorge itself. It stops eating when it has had enough.

A dog also sets a perfect example of adaptability. If it is moved to a strange place, it is able to
adapt itself to that place and to its thousand peculiarities without a murmur of complaint. It is
able to learn and adapt to a new family's ways and customs. It is quick and ready to please. Man,
being accustomed to comfort and wealth will be lost if suddenly stripped of all he is accustomed

A dog also teaches us a thing or two about, unselfish love. When a dog knows death is
approaching, it tries, with its last vestige of strength, to crawl away elsewhere to die, in order to
burden its owners no more.

A dog does things with all vigor. However, when there is nothing to do, it lies down and rests. It
does not waste its strength and energy needlessly. Many working people are burning the candles
at both ends. Many suffer nervous breakdowns due to stress. Perhaps, they should learn to rest
like a dog does.

A dog above all is truly man's best friend.


QS) (Total 25 Marks)

Summarize in not more than 120 words, the purpose of snakes' bite, the venom's
fatality and also the remedy for such bites.

All snakes are hunters and predators, feeding on the animals and sometimes their eggs. Having
no limbs, snakes cannot hold their preys down to bite; hence they usually swallow them whole.
Poisonous snakes sometimes do immobilize their preys with their venom to make consumption

Most poisonous snakes are conspicuously colored to warn others off. One example is the
redheaded krait which has a bluish-black body and scarlet head and tail. Snakes like the cobras,
which have less outstanding body colors, display their fatality by lifting the front part of their
body and spreading their hoods.

HNDE/IAdvanced ReadingSkills (F/T) 2014 1st Semester
It is truly a myth that poisonous snakes attack humans for food. Humans can never be their
targets for food as we are normally too large for them to swallow. in cases where snakes do bite,
these attacks are usually defensive ones and the venom injected is normally little or sometimes
even none. The full, fatal dose of the venom is only released on smaller animals which the
snakes can swallow easily. Besides helping in the killing and immobilizing of their preys, the
poison also acts as digestive agents for snakes.

Why then is the venom so deadly? In general, there are three kinds of poisons in the venom,
though in varying amounts, depending on the type of snake in question. Venoms usually contain
substances that weaken the blood corpuscles and the lining of the blood vessels. Profuse
bleeding, often a common result of snake-bites, is caused by the anticoagulants present in the
poison which prevents blood clotting. The paralysis of the heart and respiratory muscles is
performed by the nervous system attacking toxins.

Though these bites are deadly, certain actions can be taken to slow down the spread of the
venom, hence saving the victim's life. Attempting to incise and suck at the spot of the bite is
more likely to be harmful than a cure. The poisonous venom usually travels fast into the body
upon being released; hence sucking at the mouth of the wound will not help remove the poison,
rather, incising the bite may lead the victim to great pain and further profuse bleeding. Instead, a
broad, firm crepe bandage should be applied over the would and up the full limb to compress the
tissues and prevent the spread of the venom. After which, the victim must be duly sent to the
hospital for professional treatment.

HNDE II Advanced Reading Skills (FIT) 20141st Semester

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