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PART (A) TEXT, PROBLEMS, ANSWERS & EXPLANATIONS Chapter Page No, ARTICLES Articles — “A, An, The’, Idiomatic Uses of “A / An’, Difference between ‘A? and ‘An’, Uses of The’, Omission of Articles. Problems, Answers, Explanations a : 1-8 NOUNS & CASES Case—Definition, Types, Possessive Case, Uses of Aposirophe ‘s’ ('s), Problems, Answers, Explanations oe 915 NOUNS & NUMBERS Nouns and Numbers—Singular Nouns, Singular and Plural Nouns (No change in form), Plural Nouns, Singuiar-Plural Formation, Uses of Singular Nouns, Uses of Plural Nouns, Problems, Answers, Explanations - 623 ‘SUBJECT - VERB AGREEMENT Subject - Verb Agreement, Problems, Answers, Explanations eee HD ‘TIME & TENSES Present Tense—Present Indefinite, Present ImperfecvContinuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, Past 'Tense—Past Indefinite, Past ImperfecuContinuous, Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Tense—Future Indefinite, Future Imperfec/Continuous, Future Perfect, Problems, Answers, Explanations B41 PRONOUNS Pronouns—Definition, Classification, Uses of Personal Pronouns, Uses of Objective Case Pronouns, “Than” and the Case, Distributive, Reciprocal, Demonstrative, Reflexive, Emphatic, Relative, Uses of who / which / that etc., Who / Whom, Interrogative, Exclamatory, Problems, Answers, Explanations ADJECTIVES Adjectives—Definition, Classification, Proper Adjective, Distributive, Use of each, ‘every, either, neither, each and every, Demonstrative, Numeral, Order of Numerals, Quantitative, Order of Indefinite Numerals and Definite Numerals, Qualitative, Interrogative, Degree of Comparison; Some Important Facts : Comparatively / Relatively, Enough, Interchanges of Degrees, Problems, Answers, Explanations 50— VERBS ‘Verbs—Auxiliary Verbs, Primary Auxiliaries, Modal Auxiliaries, Main Verbs / Principal Verbs, Infinitives—Uses of Infinitives, Uses of Infinitives (without ‘to") or (Bare Infinitives), Participles, Problems, Answers, Explanations : a 9 wo. ne com 3 xii) Chapter ADVERBS ‘Adverbs—Classification, Simple Adverbs, Interrogative Adverbs, Relative Adverbs, ‘Some Important Adverbs and their uses, Position of Adverbs, Inversion, Problems, Answers, Explastations CONJUNCTIONS: ‘Conjunetions—Some importent Conjunctions and their uses, Problems, Answers, Explanations VOICES Voice—Definition, Kinds of Voices, General Rules regarding Active to Passive, ‘Tense & Voice, Present Indefinite, Present Imperfect, Present Perfect, Past Indefinite, Past Imperfect, Past Perfect, Future Indefinite, Fusure Perfect, Passive of Interogatve Sentences, Passive of "Yes/No Questions, Passive of Questions beginning with “DorDoes/Did’, Passive of Questions beginning with “Have/Has/Had’, Passive of Questions beginning with ‘Modal Auxiliary Verbs’, Passive of "Wh-Questions’, Passive of Imperative Sentence, Passive of Sentences expressing “orderfrequest’ ete. Passive of sentences eapressing ‘Suggestion/Advice’. Passive of sentences expressing srequest’, Passive of To be + Infinitive (To + V'), Passive of Have/Has/Had + Infinitive (To + V4, Passive of Stative Verbs, Passive of Verbs + Prepasition + Object, Problems, Answers, Explanations NARRATIONS Narration—Definition, Kinds of Narrations, Some important information about ‘Nanation, Changing Direct Narration into Indirect Nesration, General Rules, Indirect Narration of Assertive Sentences, Indirect Narration of Interrogative Sentences, Indirect Narration of Imperative Sentences, Rules regarding ‘order / request’, Indirect Narration of sentences beginning with ‘Let’, Indirect Narration of Optative ‘Sentences, Indirect Narration of Exclamatory Sentences, ‘Must’ and Indirect, Namrtion, Problems, Answers, Explanations PREPOSITIONS Preposition—Defintion, Classification, Prepositions of Direction, Prepositions of Place, Preposition of Time, Some other Prepositions, Some important facts about Prepositions, Some Nouns and approptiate Prepositions, Some Verbs and appropriate Prepositions, Some Adjectives and Paniciples followed by Prepositions, Problems, Answers, Explanations, SUPERFLUOUS EXPRESSIONS & SLANG Superfluous Expressions and Slang—Definition, Some important Suprefluous Expre-sicns and Slang, Problems, Answers, Explanations tok Page No. ns 8693, 94105 106 — 116 17 — 134 135-161 Chapter - 1 ARTICLES AVAn Wat The 3 Amticles 7 Sra & ter er FAT first Noun a¥ indefinite ™ Definite = ® fer, farer sre &, sa (i) Abbeggar has stolen your shirt (i) This isthe house in which Live. et ares () begger’ VERA wT HT tA An a Indefinite Anicies at Sra & Fite F feet Noun 3 Indefinte Zaft 1 978: A beggar 1 ahé & “um Fra, we free aig, se ferent eat aE arrerd A & fee oh twat oti aT (i) ¥ house VER the w TT th The a Definite Anicle wet ser & wtf ae Fextt Noun 8 Definite sort 81 97: The house # Fife we ar dhe Sor fi aria, me we faut # oer fi 1. Uses of AVAm : A/An a att fief Singular Countable Noun ® ae th #; 33 — C)Mobanis g singer a Noun (Singular Countable) This is gm apple an Noun (Singular Countable) 8 faa we sree Problems =Eur 7S we Me 6) Ravi prefers / self employment /to job / in any office. / a 8 © ©) No Error, © [BS.RB. (Bhopal) P.O. EXAM, 1989) 3 OSE H Pan (©) waa & BP ‘job" GH Singular intable Noun @ FRE see fat wr wa sh one: SE a job Sm . It being rainy day / most of the people / out on the a) CS) ‘were / carrying umbrellas, / No Error, © oe © [BS.R.B. (Patna) Clerical Exam., 1993] Se FE Pan (A) Tam & eae ‘day’ GH Singular Countable Noun & Ars wee ‘a! ar seit ar atfeg, fg day % eT GF Adjective rainy & fae ae a a aT rainy 72S Gh ste: 8 VENT a rainy day ST (Gi) Summons / was served / on Ram. / No Ettot a 2 © MO [CDS. Exam, 1999] ‘FH Rs FH Part (A) Tera & HTH summons GF Singular Countable Noun & fara’ weet Apr wit erm arm: wet ‘i A Summons mi 2 — Summons—n(novn), pl (= plural) summonses [c (= countable)] an official order to appear in a court of Jaw : serve a summons on sb (= somebody) —LONGMAN DICTIONARY OF CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH (p, 1446) (iv) Laser beams ean carry long distance signals in way / (a) @B) somewhat similar to radio waves, No Error. © ©) ERRB,, (Tiruyananthpuram) ASM. Examn,, 2001] WS FTW Pan (B) tera 8 eA way TH Singular Countable Noun & Praie We8 a ay he Eom see: we vit ina way 2m 2. Some Idiomatic uses of A/An : (@) eT (number) TT AT MT FE we expressions 8; 33— Alot (of) ‘A great many (of) Agreat deal (of) A good many (of) Agood deal (of A number (of) ‘large quantity (of) A large number (of) Alarge amount (0!) _ A great number (of) (0) 3B ST expressions H + eata humble pie, ina hurry, in a dilemma, in a rage, in a mood, in a temper, al a loss, have a drink, have a rest, have @ walk, go for a watk, have @ headache, have a sleep, have a dream, have a chat, have a quarrel, have a fight, make 2 noise, take a risk, take a hint, take ares, take a meal, have a good/bad education, gevgivelnward a scholarship ete. BE idiomatic Sart & Faw ver Problem fear TT tae (Nathan's habit of / delaying bis work / put his Cy @) collegues /to lot of trouble. / No Error. © o 8 [BS.RB. Delhi) PO. Exam, 1990] FET Part (D) ee & FAN lor B we aH RT 8PM 7H: a lot of trouble BH Fah FT NOTE; lot % plural 73 @ sf ae Pan wa Bom ri lots of sx war x at 1 i) ven though our team took the field with gr confidence, the opposition made them eat the hun ie, (A)ahumble pie (B) humble pie (Cyhumble pies (D) No improvement {C.D.S. Exam., 1999} EFT H underlined Part ‘the humble pie" PREET (A 4H fee me wet ‘a bumble pie’ & improve Ft ‘Pits eat a hurable pie GF idiom €1