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CHAPTER – 1 SENTENCE BUILDING

Exercise-1: Identifying Parts of Speech- Choose the correct option.


1. A 2. D 3. B 4. C

Exercise-2: Prepositions- Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.

A.
1. He’s swimming in the river.
2. Where’s Julie? She’s at school.
3. The plant is on the table.
4. There is a spider in the bath.
5. Please put those apples in the bowl.
6. Frank is on holiday for three weeks.
7. There are two pockets on this bag.
8. I read the story in the newspaper.
9. The cat is sitting on the chair.
10. Lucy was standing at the bus stop.
11. I'll meet you in the cinema.
12. She hung a picture on the wall.
13. John is in the garden.
14. There's nothing on TV tonight.
15. I stayed at home all weekend.
16. When I called Lucy, she was on the bus.
17. There was a spider on the ceiling.
18. Unfortunately, Mrs Brown is in hospital.
19. Don't sit on the table, sit on a chair.
20. There are four cushions on the sofa.

B.
1. Stop worrying about your exam - everything will be fine.
2. I've waited for Judy for 30 minutes. I’m going home.
3. Stop talking and concentrate on your work.
4. Don't forget to pay for the newspaper.
5. He explained the computer program to me.
6. I don't know what we'll do at the weekend. It depends on the weather.
7. She will arrive in Beijing at 3 p.m.
8. I like to listen to the radio when I wake up.
9. He borrowed £20 from his brother.
10. Who does this coat belong to?
11. She left without paying for the meal.
12. It was so hot, I couldn't concentrate on my book.
13. Mothers always worry about their children.
14. Please explain the meaning of this word to your classmates.
15. I'm fed up with waiting for spring.
16. That car belongs to my father.
17. She listens to opera on the tube.
18. A: Which university will you go to? B: It depends on my exam results.
19. A lot of people borrow money from the bank.
20. When she arrived at the pub, it was already closed.

Exercise-3: Parts of speech - Below each sentence, write the name of the underlined part of speech.

1. adjective
2. verb
3. noun
4. verb
5. noun
6. adverb
7. adjective
8. adjective
9. noun
10. adjective
11. adverb

Exercise-4: Combine the two sentences in each pair to make one sentence. Use and, or, but according
to the meaning.
1 The children enjoy going to the cinema and eating ice cream.
2 We may go to a concert or stay at home.
3 Matt visits his grandmother every Sunday, but he couldn’t visit her last Sunday.
4 Mary has always been a kind young lady, and she is also very beautiful.

Exercise-5: Join the following sentences with and, but or or


1. I can ride a bicycle but my sister can’t.
2. We reached Delhi in the evening and then the next morning we caught a train to Agra.
3. I did not see Peter but I saw John.
4. You can come to my office tomorrow or I will come to your place next Monday.
5. Shall we watch TV or go to the park and play?
6. We will have breakfast now and then we will go to the park.
7. Alice took her pen and started writing.
8. The rain started pouring and the village roads became muddy.
9. Natasha went to bed and immediately fell asleep.
10. I know the answer but I will not tell you.

Exercise-6: Complete the sentences below with so, however or because.


1. He always goes to Istanbul because he has a girlfriend there.
2. Because Jane is very lucky, her grandfather had her choose his card.
3. Susan’s family needed money, so she had to leave school.
4. Denise says that she worked extremely hard; however, she failed the exam.
5. Their devotion to each other was strong, so they got married right away.

Exercise-7: Complete the sentences below with and, but, because or so.
1 Clint likes westerns but he hates science fiction.
2 Claire can speak Spanish but she can’t speak Hungarian.
3 I go to the cinema nearly every week because I love films.
4 Your marks are bad because you don’t study enough.
5 I didn’t feel very well so I stayed at home.
6 Susanne did her homework and then she phoned a friend for a chat.
7 You can go out but you must be home by eleven, okay?
8 It was a beautiful day so we had our sandwiches in the park.
9 Jim’s going to Spanish classes because he’s going to visit South America.
10 The weather forecast says it’s going to rain so don’t forget to take your umbrella.
11 I spent the afternoon in the library because I had an exam the next day.

Exercise-8: Put the following jumbled words in order to make simple sentences.
1- He put a scarf on his face before he went into the bank.
2 He went to the consulate every day until he got a visa.
3 After you wash the vegetables, you should cook them.

Exercise-9: Read each sentence below. Underline the independent clause once and the dependent or

subordinate clause twice.

1. After the game, we all went out for pizza.

2. Although we were late, we were still let into the show.

3. Unless he shows up, I will have to go on without him.

4. Even though they did the work, they will still have to do it again.

5. We went to the fair, since we had the time.

6. Whenever you are ready, you need to let me know.

7. Wherever you are, I will find you.

8. Before the game, I went to the store and bought some gum.
9. If he fails, I will be the one to blame.

10. Because of the exam, I will be able to go to college.

11. As an officer, I will be sworn in to my duty.

Exercise-10: Complete the sentences in a meaningful way and punctuate correctly.


1. I applied for the manager position although I don’t have experience.
2. The office wasn’t clean. Moreover, the heater didn’t work.
3. Betsy is very beautiful. In addition, she is kind and thoughtful.
4. The lecture was tiring even though it was on my favorite topic.
5. The best university in Turkey is İstanbul Şehir University. Therefore, we should be proud to be
here.