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Automotive Industry:

Regulations Scenario in India

Mrs. Rashmi Urdhwareshe

Senior Deputy Director, ARAI

ISA Vision Summit 2013

14, 15 February, 2013
Presentation Outline

 About ARAI

 India Automotive Industry

 Overview of Vehicle Type Approval system

 Environmental Regulations

 Decade of Road Safety

About ARAI
ARAI Overview

Establishment : 1966
Location : Pune, India
Manpower : 500+
Facilities : 11 Laboratories: Powertrain, Emissions, Safety & Homologation, Passive
Safety, Vehicle Evaluation, Automotive Electronics, NVH, CAE, Structural
Dynamics, Materials, Calibration
Post Graduate Academy
Forging Industry Division
Our Offices : China, Korea and Chennai
Accreditations : ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001 & NABL (ISO 17025)
Roles of ARAI
• Government approved test agency to carry out mandatory/
certification testing
• Research Association and service provider to carry out
sponsored R&D work and development testing
• Also engaged in
– preparation & harmonization of standards
– Deliberation of policy matters affecting auto R&D
– Creation of facilities and building up competence by
undertaking forward looking research & technology
demonstration projects
• National institution to disseminate information and create
forum for knowledge sharing in association with industry /
Services Offered
R&D Other Services
•Engine Development, •Technology Demonstration
•Alternate Fuels Projects
•NVH & CAE •Turnkey Consultancy
•Structural Dynamics, •Calibration
•Automotive Electronics
•Assistance in formulation of
Automotive Standards
•Secretariat for WP29
Testing, Certification & (Harmonization of standards)
•Vehicle Evaluation •Specialized Training Programs
•Emission •Post-Graduate course in
•Safety Systems Automotive Engineering
ARAI - R&D Services
Automotive Electronics NVH Refinement of Vehicles and subsystems & CAE
• Power – Train Engine Management System & Transmission control • Benchmarking and Target setting.
Unit, Safety, Navigation systems, in – vehicle Networking and • Pass – by – noise Measurement
• Interior NVH Assessment
• Design solution using model based design – rapid
prototyping for proof of concept. • Development of Acoustic Material Modal Analysis.
• Design to product level solutions. • NVH mapping of tyres, brakes, power train etc.
• Evaluation services and design solutions for • Durability Analysis Using Virtual Road Load Data Acquisition
EMI/EMC/Environmental. & Virtual Simulation of entire vehicle

Engine Vehicle Dynamics ,Structures and Materials

• New Engine Development: Concept – to – Prototype • Vehicle design / development for durability/reliability/comfort.
• Alternate fuels – CNG, LPG, Ethanol, Bio – Diesel, Hydrogen • Service load data acquisition on Indian roads.
blend, etc. • Compressing vehicle development time.
• Transmissions design, matching. • Laboratory/virtual simulation.
• CFD, Thermodynamic simulation of engine processes. • Correlation of Indian roads to proving tracks.
• Durability tests and Bench Marking • Design and development of suspension using hardware – in
– loop technology.
Indian Automotive Industry
Vehicle Production in India
Facts 40000

• World’s largest
tractor and 3 35000

• 2nd largest 2
wheeler 25000
'000' units

• 5th largest
vehicle 15000

• 6th largest vehicle 10000


• 7th largest car

Passenger SCVs LCVs M&HCVs 2 & 3 wheelers Tractor CEVs

2009 2015 (E) 2020 (E)

Source: SIAM, EY Estimates
Standardization in Automotive Sector

Levels of standardization Innovation versus Standardization

• Standards shape Technology and are a

prerequisite for growth in international trade

• Innovation brings in new product, standardization
makes it compatible at the minimum cost

• There is something “static” in standardization.
However, standards have a strong positive
influence on the growth and commercialization of
Standards: Leading or Lagging?

Standards leading technology: Standards lagging technology:

Emission norms have led the Advance lighting systems were introduced
innovation in power train technology first on vehicles. Standards followed later

Electronic Fuel Cells/ • Performance

Controlled EVs/ Hybrids Incandescent • Endurance
Exhaust After- Bulbs • Environment
Conventional BS V
Engines BS IV • Photometry
BS III Xenon lamps
• Anti-glare

• Electronic
LED sources Controls
Growth of Electronic content in vehicles

2006-07 2008-10
2005-06 CNG/ LPG BS IV,
EMI, ABS, Anti-theft Advanced lighting Airbags, LEDs, Fire
Lighting/ signaling devices devices, Truck & protection,
Bus safety occupant safety
Overview of Vehicle Type Approval system
Features of Type Approval System
• 3rd Party Type Approval (TA) system is similar to UN-ECE
• Implemented in year 1991
• TA administration Agencies
 Notifying agencies: MoRTH, MoEF, etc.
 Standards and other requirements are notified under CMVR
 Testing & Approving agencies: ARAI and others
 TA & CoP certificates are mandatory
• TA standards
 Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) prepares IS standards
 AISC Technical committee prepares AIS standards as an interim step
 Standing Committee on Emission (SCOE) prepares Emission Standards
(TAP 115/ 116)
• Roadmap of Regulations
 Agreed by industry, test agencies and government
 National Policy is to align with ECE regulations to the extent possible
Automotive Sector- Technical Regulations

Import 3rd Party

Regulations Certification

Conformity of
Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR)
Mandatory requirements for vehicle TA

General • e.g. Anti-theft,

masses &
requirements Dimensions, etc

•e.g. Mass emission,

Vehicle Level noise, brake, etc.

• e.g. Seats,
anchorage, under
System Level run protection,
forward vision

• e.g. Horn, mirror,

Component level safety glass, etc.
Vehicles Covered under Mandatory Type Approval
Global Market: Driving Force for Regulations
• National Regulations provide
level ground for domestic and
global players
• Pedestrian • On-board
• Export of components and recognition
• Collision alert
• Traffic Control
vehicle is increasing • Accident

Safety Navigation
• There is a requirement for
mutual exchange of approvals

• Our national standards are being

Convenience Entertainment
updated for alignment with UN-
ECE regulations or Global • Automatic Toll • In-vehicle OS
Technical Regulations (GTRs) • Service • Cloud
network functionality
• Internet
• Globally Electronics will cover connectivity

40% of vehicle cost by 2015

Challenges and focus for future regulations

• Limiting GHG emissions

• Improving Road Safety

• Reduce transport related noise & congestion

and improve traffic flow
Environmental Regulations
Addressing the Challenges
Emission reduction requires initiatives in ...
 Improving Energy
 Fuel and Emission
Greater Fuel
Efficiency Standards
 Inspection,
Certification and
Improved More Maintenance
Traffic Flow Efficient Use
of Vehicles  Retrofitment
 Alternative fuels
Diversified  Vehicle technology
Automotive for more eco-friendly
Fuel Supply vehicles
 Infrastructure &
logistics for better
traffic management
 Driver behaviour
Future Emission Standards

BS IV- Country-wide?

Uniform Fuel Specifications?

BS V-?

 CEVs- Next stage norms?

Implementation Dates India Vs. Europe for < 3.5Ton GVW
Tier Date Tier Date

BS 1 2000 Euro 1 1992

2000 in Metros & 2005

throughout India

2005 in metros & 2010

BS III throughout India Euro 3 2000

BS-IV 2010 in Metros Euro 4 2005

Awaiting Fuel Road Map

BS V Euro 5 2009

Euro 6 2014
Implementation Dates India Vs. Europe for > 3.5Ton GVW Vehicles

Tier Date Tier Date

BS I 2000 Euro I 1992

2000 in Metros & 2005

BS II throughout India
Euro II 1996

2005 in metros & 2010

BS III throughout India
Euro III 2000

BS-IV 2010 in Metros Euro IV 2005

Awaiting Fuel Road

BS V Map ??
Euro V 2008

Decade of Road Safety
2010-20: UN’s Decade of Road Safety
Increasing Road Safety requires ARAI has submitted Action
initiatives in ... Plan on 4 “E”s of Road Safety

 Improve Road Engineering

- Vehicle Emergency
 Road Safety Monitoring
- Road

 Increasing Road User Education

Road Safety and Awareness

Education  Controlling Behavioural changes

and Enforcement
 Legislations and its enforcement
Safety Standards in Near Future

3 wheelers

4 wheelers: M1 Category
2 wheelers

• Electromagnetic • Advanced Braking

compatibility (EMC) • Electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) System
• Head on, offset
• Spray suppression frontal and side
• Driver safety crash
• Day time running • Head restraints with
lamps? • Passenger safety controlled back-set
• Electromagnetic
• Vehicle Alarm system compatibility (EMC)
• Child Restraint
• ABS? • Vehicle alarm system
& protection against
unauthorized use
• Hybrid vehicles
Safety Standards in Near Future
4 Wheelers- Buses

4 wheelers- Goods vehicles

• Bus construction • Truck construction

Agriculture Tractors
• Agriculture Trailer
• School bus • Automotive trailer Code
• Sleeper coaches code • Rear vision
• Protection against • Conspicuity • Field of vision
unauthorized use markings • Attendant/
• Electromagnetic • Protection against passenger seat
compatibility (EMC) unauthorized use • Ballast mass
• Hybrid vehicles • Electromagnetic • ROPS
• Fire protection compatibility (EMC) • Mechanical
• Advanced Braking • Close coupling and couplings
Systems mechanical
• Navigation/ Fleet coupling devices
management • Advanced Braking
• Navigation/ Fleet
ITS Applications: Beyond 2013

Regulation in pipeline:
• Fitment of RFID for Management

Toll collection
Weighing in

Incidence Advanced Public
Management Transportation

Electronic Toll
Thank you!