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Roll No:
(To be filled in by the candidate)

PSG CO LLEG E O F TE CH NO LO G Y, CO IM BATO RE - 641 004

SEM ESTE R E XAM IN ATIO NS, D ECEM BER 2017

BE / BE (SW ) – BIO M EDICAL / E CE / EE E / ICE / R& A Sem ester: 3

15D301 / E / L / U / R LINEA R A LG EBR A AN D N UM ERICAL AN AL YSIS

Tim e : 3 H ours M axim um M arks : 100

IN STRUC T ION S:
1. Answer ALL questions. Each question carries 20 Marks.
2. Subdivision (a) carries 3 m arks each, subdivision (b) carries 7 m arks each and subdivision (c) carries 10 m arks
each .

1. a) Is w , the set of all points on and inside a unit circle in X Y - plane a subspace of R2 under standard
addition and standard m ultiplication by scalar? W hy or w hy not? ’

b) Find the basis and dim ension of the solution space of the hom ogeneous system AX 0, w
here

13 2020 26 5 2
4 3

000 5 10 15

260 8 4 18

a1

c) C heck w hether the set of all 2 X 2 m atrices of the form 1b w ith standard

m atrix addition and standard m ultiplication by scalar form s a vector space or not by verifying all axiom

s.

2. a) W hy do w e require absolute relative error w hen absolute error is there? If an exact value 5lb is

approxim ated to 4.8 lb, then calculate the afore m entioned errors.

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b) Find the num erically dom inant eigenvalue and its corresponding eigenvector of

10 0 0 1

7 1
A 1 3 using pow er m ethod w ith initial vector , perform ing 5

0 2 6 1
iterations

c) Find the solution of the follow ing linear system of equations using.

(i) C rout’s m ethod


(ii) G auss-S eidel m ethod perform ing 4 iterations w ith initial guess (0, 0, 0)

6x1 2x2 x3 11
2x1 7x2 2x3 5 x1 2x2 5x3
1

3. a) C om pare and contrast B isection m ethod w ith B airstow ’s m ethod, in solving non- linear

equations.

b) Find the real root of f (x) x4 8x3 35x2 450x 1001 using

x
i) False position m ethod w ith xl 4.5 and u 6 perform ing 3 iterations.
ii) N ew ton-R aphson m ethod w ith initial guess 5, perform ing 3 iterations.

c) Find all roots of the polynom ial x4 3x 1using G raeffe’s root squaring m ethod perform ing 4

squarings.

4. a) List the uses of C hebyshev’s interpolation

b) The follow ing data w as collected for the distance travelled versus tim e for a rocket.

t (s) 0 25 50 75 100 125

y (km ) 0 32 58 78 92 100

U sing num erical differentiation, estim ate the rockets velocity at t = 0 and acceleration at t = 100.

c) i) From theoretical considerations, it is suspected that the rate of flow from a fire

hose is proportional to som e pow er of the pressure at the nozzle.

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P ressure 10 16 25 40 60

Flow rate 94 118 147 180 230

Fit the least-squares quadratic to the data.

(O R )

ii) U se the follow ing table to find

1) an interpolating polynom ial

2) From (1) find y at x = 0.54

3) a cubic polynom ial using divided difference table.

4) From (3) find y at x = 0.54 and com pare it w ith (2)

X: 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7

Y: 0.003 0.067 0.148 0.248

5. a) W hat are single step m ethod and m ulti-step m ethod in solving initial value problem s

num erically?

b) S olve the boundary value problem u 1 x u x; u(1) 2; u(3)


1 w ith
5
h 0.5 using finite difference m ethod.

c) i) E valuate the definite integral, sin x dx num erically using


0
rd

1) S im pson’s 13 rule w ith h 8

2) 2 point G aussian quadrature

3) 3 point G aussian quadrature

4) C om pare the error of the integral values obtained in (1) to (3) w ith analytical

result.

(O R )

dy
ii) S olve the initial value problem x y xy, y(0) 1 to find y at
dx
1) x 0.1 using E uler’s m ethod
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2) x 0.2using M odified E uler’s m ethod 3) x 0.3U sing R


unge-kutta m ethod of fourth order.

4) x 0.4 using M ilne’s m ethod.

/E ND /

V PT / R SP.

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