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MBB ATN+CX IDEAL

(Seamless MPLS) Solution


MPLS Tunnel Implementation
and Configuration

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Copyright © 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.


Foreword

 The IDEAL (Seamless MPLS) solution allows for large-scale


dynamic networking, lowering performance requirements on case-
shaped devices and reducing pressure on aggregation devices.

 This Chapter describes how to deploy MPLS and create MPLS


tunnels to bear services. Configuring both TE tunnels and LDP
LSPs to bear services is recommended in this solution. End-to-
end services are carried over TE tunnels, and local switching
services are carried over LDP LSPs.

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Objectives
 After completing this course, you will be able to:

 Understand MPLS tunnel Design and Deployment on ATN+CX


network.

 Configure TE tunnels and LDP LSPs.

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Contents
1. Tunnel Deployment Solution

2. Configuration Principle

3. Data Planning

4. Checking the Configurations

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Contents
1. Tunnel Deployment Solution

2. Configuration Principle

3. Data Planning

4. Checking the Configurations

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MPLS tunnels Selection
 MPLS tunnels can be RSVP-TE tunnels or LDP LSPs.
 The LDP protocol is simple, and therefore LDP LSPs are easy to configure.
You only need to enable LDP on interfaces, and do not need to configure LSPs
in point-to-point mode.

 The RSVP-TE protocol is complex, and therefore RSVP-TE tunnels are


complex to configure. RSVP-TE tunnels must be configured in point-to-point
mode.

 RSVP-TE+LDP can be used to bear LTE services. As S1


services have high requirement for protection switching and
X2 services need to be transmitted through the shortest
path, use TE tunnels to bear S1 services and LDP LSPs to
bear X2 services.
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RSVP-TE LSP Deployment - IPRAN
Last Mile Access Aggregation
CSG1 A ASG3 B ASBR1

1 2

7
3
E
5
C 6

CSG2 ASG4 D ASBR2

Working Tunnel
Backup Tunnel

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Constrained interfaces of TE tunnels

TE Tunnel Constrained Interface Constraint Mode

TE1 A Loose

TE2 B Loose

TE3 C Loose

TE4 B Loose

TE5 D Loose

TE6 D Loose

TE7 E Strict

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RSVP-TE LSP Deployment – IP Core
Core
ASBR3 I MASG1

10
12 13

F 9 H

11

ASBR4 G MASG2

Working Tunnel
Backup Tunnel

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Constrained interfaces of TE tunnels

TE Tunnel Constrained Interface Constraint Mode

TE8 I Loose

TE9 G Loose

TE10 I Loose

TE11 G Loose

TE12 F Strict

TE13 H Strict

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LDP LSP Deployment - IPRAN
Last Mile Access Aggregation
CSG1 A ASG3 B ASBR1

1 2

7
3
E
5
C 6

CSG2 ASG4 D ASBR2

Working Tunnel
Backup Tunnel

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LDP LSP Deployment – IP Core
Core
ASBR3 MASG1

ASBR4 MASG2

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Contents
1. IS-IS Deployment Solution

2. Configuration Principle

3. Data Planning

4. Checking the Configurations

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Flowchart for configuring MPLS TE
tunnels

Enable Configure
Configure
MPLS TE MPLS TE on paths for
global MPLS
Interfaces tunnels

Configure Configure
Configure Configure a
BFD for TE MPLS TE
BFD for TE tunnel policy
LSP tunnels

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Flowchart for configuring LDP LSP

Configure
Configure
MPLS LDP global MPLS
global MPLS
LDP

Enable LDP- Enable MPLS


IGP LDP on
synchronization Interfaces

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Contents
1. IS-IS Deployment Solution

2. Configuration Principle

3. Data Planning

4. Checking the Configurations

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MPLS parameters Introduction
Parameter Value Remarks
Configure the IP address of Configuring LSR IDs for devices is
MPLS LSR ID loopback0 on the LSR as the prerequisite for running MPLS
the LSR ID. commands.
The ATN device at the egress
allocates the non-null label to the
MPLS label allocation penultimate hop. Therefore, run
non-null
mode this command on the CX to ensure
that the ATN interconnects to the
CX device by using MPLS.
MPLS TE mpls te Enable MPLS TE.
MPLS RSVP-TE mpls rsvp-te Enable MPLS RSVP-TE.
Enable the RSVP-TE Hello
RSVP-TE Hello mechanism mpls rsvp-te hello
mechanism.
Enable the MPLS TE CSPF
MPLS TE CSPF algorithm mpls te cspf
algorithm.
MPLS RSVP-TE summary Enable MPLS RSVP-TE summary
mpls rsvp-te srefresh
refreshing refreshing.
mpls rsvp-te bfd all-
BFD for RSVP-TE Enable MPLS RSVP-TE BFD.
interfaces enable
BFD period 100 ms Set this parameter to 100 ms.

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MPLS TE tunnel parameters
Introduction
Parameter Value Remarks
Tunnel ID: interface Tunnel 0/0/XY
Name of a tunnel
XY: device numbers for the source and Create a tunnel interface.
interface
destination nodes
Tunnel interface IP ip address unnumbered interface Set the tunnel interface IP address to the IP
address LoopBack0 address of the Loopback0 interface.

Tunnel protocol mpls te Set the tunnel type to CR-LSP.

Tunnel destination IP address of the remote Loopback0


Specifies a destination IP address.
address interface
Tunnel ID format: XY
Tunnel ID XY: device numbers for the source and Specifies a tunnel ID.
destination nodes
Currently, the tunnels work in HSB mode.
mpls te backup hot-standby mode
TunnelHSB mode revertive wtr 60
Set the back-switch time (for example: 60s)
according to actual scenarios.
Tunnel re- It is recommended to set the interval of
mpls te reoptimization frequency 3600
optimization tunnel re-optimization to 3600s.
tunnel-policy XXX
Tunnel policy name: IPRAN
Tunnel policy
tunnel select-seq cr-lsp load-balance-
number 1

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MPLS TE tunnel parameters
Introduction
Parameter Value Remarks
bfd bind mpls-te interface Tunnel0/0/XY Configure BFD detection and the active LSP bound to
te-lsp the active VPN tunnel.
Local discriminator: discriminator local Set the local discriminator and the remote discriminator
to the same value. For ATNs, the value range of a local
Remote discriminator: discriminator
discriminator is 1 to 255. For CX600s, the value range
remote
BFD for TE-LSP of a local discriminator is 1 to 8191.
Set the BFD period to 10 ms: min-tx-
Set the minimum interval at which BFD packets are
interval 10 , min-rx-interval 10.
sent as required. Detection period = Detection multiplier
Modify the port status table (PST): x Interval at which BFD packets are sent (3 x 10 ms)
process-pst.
Allow the BFD session to change the PST to speed up
Commit the configurations: commit. the switching.
Configure the active VPN tunnel used for BFD.
bfd bind mpls-te interface Tunnel0/0/XY
Set the local discriminator and the remote discriminator
Local discriminator: discriminator local
to the same value. For ATNs, the value range of a local
Remote discriminator: discriminator discriminator is 1 to 255. For CX600s, the value range
remote of a local discriminator is 1 to 8191.
BFD for TE
Set the BFD period to 50 ms: min-tx- Set the minimum interval at which BFD packets are
interval 50 , min-rx-interval 50. sent as required. Detection period = Detection multiplier
x Interval at which BFD packets are sent (3 x 50 ms)
Modify the PST: process-pst.
Allow the BFD session to change the PST to speed up
Commit the configurations: commit.
the switching.

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MPLS LDP LSP parameters Introduction

Parameter Value Remarks

Enable MPLS LDP globally and


mpls ldp mpls ldp
on the interface.

Enables LDP and IS-IS


isis ldp-sync isis ldp-sync
synchronization on an interface.

Configure an interval at which


IS-IS sends Link State PDUs
isis timer ldp-sync hold-
60 (LSPs) with the maximum route
max-cost cost. The default value is 10s.

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Contents
1. IS-IS Deployment Solution

2. Configuration Principle

3. Data Planning

4. Checking the Configurations

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MPLS LDP LSP Checking Procedure
1. Run the display mpls interface [ interface-type interface-number ] [ verbose ]
command to check information about MPLS-enabled interfaces.

2. Run either of the following commands to check information about LDP-enabled


interfaces:
 display mpls ldp interface [ interface-type interface-number | verbose ]

 display mpls ldp interface [ all ] [ verbose ]

3. Run either of the following commands to check the LDP session status:
 display mpls ldp session [ verbose | peer-id ]

 display mpls ldp session [ all ] [ verbose ]

4. Run either of the following commands to check information about LDP peers:
 display mpls ldp peer [ verbose | peer-id ]

 display mpls ldp peer [ all ] [ verbose ]

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MPLS TE tunnel Checking Procedure
1. Run the display explicit-path [ [ ] path-name ] [ | verbose ] command to check
configured explicit paths.

2. Run the display mpls te cspf tedb all command to check information about TEDBs
that can meet specified conditions and be used by CSPF to calculate paths.

3. Run the display mpls rsvp-te command to check RSVP information.

4. Run the display mpls rsvp-te peer command to check RSVP neighbor parameters.

5. Run the display mpls te tunnel command to check tunnel information.

6. Run the display mpls te tunnel-interface [ tunnel tunnel-number ] command to


check information about a tunnel interface on the ingress.

7. Run Ping /tracert lsp te tunnel interface-number [ hot-standby ] [ draft6 ]


[ compatible-mode ] command to check the LSP connectivity and whether LSP
forwarding is normal.

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Summary
1. MPLS tunnel Design and Deployment on ATN+CX
network

2. Configuring MPLS tunnel Steps

3. Checking the Configurations

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Thank you
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