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Name = MeEt

id ===== meet18nov.2011@gmail.com
topic=== PROFIT AND LOSS
date==== 20-06-2017
_________________________________________________________________________________

1. a fruit vendor buys some oranges at the rate of rs 5 per orange. he also buys equal no. of bananas at
the rate of rs.2 per banana. he makes a 20% profit on oranges and 15% on bananas. at the end of the
day all th fruit is sold out. his total profit is rs. 390 . find the no. of oranges sold
5x+2x=7xcp
6x+2.3x=8.3x sp
1.3x=390
X=300

2. saleem bought 90 oranges at the rate of 3 oranges for rs 10 and sold them at the rate of 2 oranges for
rs 9 find that saleem is in profit or loss and also find its percentage solution

3orange……………….10
90*10/3=300cp
Sp= 90*9/2=405sp
105*100/300=35%
3. Ahmed buys a plot of land for Rs 96000.He sells 2/5 of it at loss of 6%.At what gain per cent should he
sell the remaining part of the plot to gain 10% on the whole?
2/5=.4
3/5=.6
10+6*.4/.6=20..2/3

Or
-6......x
......10
2.........3
3x-30=32
x=62/3

4. A man buys a field of agricultural land for Rs. 3,60,000. He sells one-third at a loss of 20% and two-
fifths at a gain of 25%. At what price must he sell the remaining field so as to make an overall profit of
10%?

1/3…..2/5
Lcm=15
5……6…………4
4……7.5……..5
15=360000
1=24000
24000*4*125%=120000

5. When a cycle manufacturer reduced selling price of cycle by 50%, the number of bicycles sold radically
increased by 600%. Initially the manufacturer was getting only 140% profit. What is the percentage
increase of his profit?

Cp=100……100,,,,,,,,,,,,,,10000
Sp=100……240………..24000========14000prft

Cp=700………..100…………..70000
Sp=700………120…………..84000======14000prft

6. The price of an article reduces to 576 after two successive discounts. The markup is 80% above the
cost price of Rs. 500.What is the new profit percentage if instead of two successive discount the markup
price was further increased successively two times by the same percentage?
CP. 500
Mp. =500*180/100 =900
900*x/100*x/100. =576
X =80
So. 20 %
900*120/100*120/100 =1296
796*100/500=159.2

7.A article is sold at 30% profit. Had it been sold at Rs. 155 more than previous selling price and the cost
price were also increased by Rs. 100 then profit would have been 5% more. Then find the CP of the
article.
100x………………..130x
100x+100…………..130x+155
100x+100)*1.35=130x+155
135x+135=130x+155x
X=400

8.A dealer offers a discount of 25% on the marked price of an article and makes a profit of 30%.If he gets
Rs 900 as profit.Find the amount of discount which dealer is offering???

100……………..75…………….750/13
225/13=900
100=5200
5200*1/4=1300

9.A horse and a cow were sold for Rs. 540, making a profit of 20% on the cow and 25% on the horse. By
selling for Rs. 538, the profit would be 20% on the horse and 25% on the cow. Find the cost of each...

5%. =2
100%. =40
245%. =540+538
100%. =440
So. 240. 200
10. A farmer sold a cow and calf for rs 760 and got a profit of 10% on the cow and 25% on the calf. If he
sells the cow and calf for rs 767.50 and gets a profit of 25% on the cow and 10% on the calf. find the
individual cost price of the cow and the calf.

25%-10%=15
767.5-760=7.50
15%=7.5
100=50===== difference
125+110=760+767.5
100=650
Cow=350…………calf=300

11. A man sold a chair and a table together for Rs 1520, by making a profit of 20% on the chair and 50%
on the table. By selling them together for Rs 1535, he would have made a profit of 50% on the chair and
20% on the table. Find the cost price of each.
30=15
100=50
270=3055
100=1130 aprx
590…………..540

12. A man sells his table at a profit of 25% and chair at a loss of 20% but on whole he gains Rs.18. On the
other hand, if he sells the table at a loss of 20% and chair at a profit of 25% ,Then he neither gain nor
loss . Find cost price of both table and chair ?
1/20:1/25
Lcm=100
Cp ratio = 5:4
9x=5*25-4*20
9x=45
X=5
5=18
100=360===================cp
9=360
5=200
4=160

13. A man sells his table at a profit of 12.5% and chair at a loss of 10% but on whole he gains Rs.9. On
the other hand, if he sells the table at a loss of 10% and chair at a profit of 12.5% ,Then he neither gain
nor loss . Find cost price of both table and chair ?
1/100:1/125
Lcm=500
5………….4
5*12.5-4*10=9x
9x=22.5
X=2.5
2.5=9
100=360
200……………..160

14. A man bought a horse and a cart. If he sold the horse at 10 % loss and the cart at 20 % gain, he
would not lose anything; but if he sold the horse at 5% loss and the cart at 5% gain, he would lose Rs. 10
in the bargain. Find cost price of both horse and chart ?
Lcm=20
2……………1
2*5-1*5=3x
X=5/3
5/3=10
100=600
400………………….200
15.A man sold a book at 9% profit and a pen at 13% profit. if he sold the book at 13% profit and the pen
at 9% profit , he gain Rs 80more. Find the cost price of a book and a pen. If he purchase both at rs
20000.
9%b+13%p=prft
13%b+9%P=prft+80

b-p=80*100/4=2000
b+p=20000

b=11000
p=9000

16.A shopkeeper bought two cycles in Rs 1600. If he sold first cycle at 10% profit and second
20% profit, he earns a certain profit. If he sold frst at 20% profit and second at 10% profit , he
get Rs 5 more the price of both the cycle is

5*100/10=50

c1+c2=160
c1-c2=50

c1=825
c2=775

17.Ram sells a pen at 5% loss and a book at 15% profit. He gets Rs 7 as profit. Id he sells the pen
at 5% profit and the book at 10% profit, he gets rs 6more. The price of book & pen are.

-5%p+15%b=7
5%p+10%b=13

25%b=20
B=80
5%p+80*10%=13
5%p=5
P=100

18.Ram sells a pen at 12% loss and a book at 19% profit and he earns a profit of Rs 160 but If
he sells the pen at 12% profit and the book at 16% loss , then he bears a loss of 40Rs. Find the
price of both.

-12%p+19%b=160
12%p-16%b =-40

3%B=120
B=4000

P=5000

19. A person bought two watches for rs.380/- . he sold one at a loss of 22% and the other at a gain of
12% and he found that each watch was sold at the same price.find out the cost of the two watches?
380*112/190=224
380-224=156

20. Raghuvir purchased 10 calculators and 16 watches for Rs. 56100 and sold them so as to earn an
overall profit of 20%. At what total price should he sell 15 calculators and 24 watches together so as to
earn the same percentage profit?
56100*1.5=84150
84150*120%=100980

21. A person bought some oranges at the rate of 3 per rupee. He bought the same no.of oranges at the
rate of 2 per rupee. He mixes both the type and sells at 5 for 2 rupees. In this business he bears a loss of
2 rupees. Find out how many oranges he bought in all??
x/3+x/2=5x/6====cp
2x*2/5=4x/5=====sp
P=5x/6-4x/5=x/30
x/30=2
x=60
60*2=120

22. Sunil calculates his profit percentage on the selling price whereas Sujeet calculates his profit on the
cost price. They find that the difference of their profits is Rs. 110. If the selling price of both of them are
the same, and Sunil gets 10% profit and Sujeet gets 5% profit, then find their selling price.
Difference*100*(100+y)/100^2-(100+y)(100-x)
110*100*105/550=2100
23. Albert buys 4 horses and 9 cows for Rs. 13,400. If he sells the horses at 10% profit and the cows at
20% profit, then he earns a total profit of Rs. 1880. The cost of a horse is:
2000

24. A person purchases 90 clocks and sells 40 clocks at a gain of 10% and 50 clocks at a gain of 20%. If he
sold all of them at a uniform profit of 15%, then he would have got Rs. 40 less. The cost price of each
clock is:
Cp assume=100
40*110+50*120-90*115=50
100……………..50
………………40
=80
25. An article is sold at 25% profit. If the CP and the SP of the article are increased by Rs 60 and Rs 30
respectively, the profit% decreases by 15%. Find the cost price of the article.
100x………………125x
100x+60)1.1=125x+30
110x+66=125x+30
15x=36
X=2.4
Cp=240

26. . Rahul sells two articles on the same price, on one article he calculated a profit of 20% on S.P and on
other article he calculated a loss of 25% on C.P. If he gets a loss of Rs. 200 on overall transaction. Find
the cost price of cheaper article.
Cp2=100
25% loss=75====sp
20% p on sp=75*20=15
Cp1=60
Over all loss=-25+15=-10
10=200
60=1200

27. P calculates his profit percent on selling price while Q calculates his profit percent on cost price. They
notice that difference between their profits is 1000 rupees. If selling price of both P and Q are same and
P gets 40% profit and Q gets 60% profit. Then find their selling price
1000*100*160/400=40000
28. The ratio of cp of articles A to that of B is 7:9.Article A was sold at profit of 40% and article B was sold
at profit of 10%.If the total profit earned after selling both the articles is rs 148.then what is the diffrnce
between the cost prices of A and B.?
70……………90
28……………9
37=148
20=80
29. A person sells his T.V. at 25% profit of the cost price. If he sells his T.V. at 25% of the selling price
then his profit is increased by (5% of C.P. + Rs. 80) find the cost price of T.V.
4………….5
5………….4
16……………20…………….25
====4==========5
1=.8+80
.2=80
16=6400

30. A cow and a horse are bought for Rs.200000. The cow is sold at a profit of 20% and the horse is sold
at a loss of 10%. The overall gain is Rs. 4000.The cost pric of the cow is:
4000*100/200000=2
120……………….90
………..102
12:18
2:3
5=200000
2=80000

31. A dishonest dealer purchases goods at 20% discount of the cost price of Rs. X and also cheats his
wholesaler by getting 20% extra through false weighing, per kg. Then he marks up his goods by 80% of x,
but he gives a discount of 25% besides he cheats his customer by weighing 10% less than the required.
What is his overall profit percentage?

20% extra =120


Actual cp=100
80% above means 120*180%=216=======mp
25% discount means sp=216*34=162
Cheats 10% means 100 ka 10% =90
20% cheat also 90*80%=72 cp

90*100/72=125%

32. A dishonest trader marks up his goods by 80% and gives discount of 25%. Besides he gets
20% more amount per kg from wholesaler and sells 10% less per kg to customer. What is the
overall profit percentage?

Cp………………….mp……………………sp
100……(80%)…180……(3/4)…….135
Now secnd case
20% more but give only 90% so =90/120=3/4
Cp=100*3/4=75
Prft=60*100/75=80%

33. a grocer sells rice at a profit of 10% and uses a weight which is 20% less. find his total
percentage gain.
100…………….110
20% less means je prft hua uska
Cp=80
30*100/80=37.5%

34. A dishonest dealer sells goods at 10% loss on cost price but uses 15 grams instead of
20 grams. what is his percentage profit or loss?
100……………….90
5*100/20=25% prft ern to false weight thn actual cp
100*75%=75
15*100/75=20% prft
35. A manufacturer sells a pair of glasses to a wholesale dealer at a profit of 18%.
The wholesaler sells the same to a retailer at a profit of 20%. The retailer in turn
sells them to a customer for Rs. 30.09, thereby earning a profit of 25%. The cost
price for the manufacturer is :
X*118/100*6/5*5/4=30.09
177x=3009
X=17

36. a fruitseller sells some fruits at the rate of 5 for rs 12 and an equal number more at 7 for rs 12 he
sells the whole lot at 12 for rs 24 what is percentage loss or gain?
5…………..12***********7
7……………12***********5
35……………84
35…………..,60
70.............144===========*12
12..............24============*70
840......1728=======cp
840===1680=======sp
48*100/1728=2.7% loss

37. A fruit seller buys some oranges at the rate of 4 for Rs. 10 and an equal number more at 5
for Rs. 10. He sells the whole lot at 9 for Rs. 20. What is his loss or gain per cent?
Loss per cent 1 19/81%

38. A bookseller sells a book at a profit of 10%. If he had bought it at 4% less and sold it for Rs.6
more, he would have gained 18 3/4 % .What did it cost him?
96×118.75%=114
114-110=4
4=6
100=150
39.A shopkeeper buys an article at a discount of 20% on the listed price from a wholesaler. The
shopkeeper marks up the price by 15% on the listed price. A buyer pays Rs.3795 to get it after paying
sales tax at the rate of 10% on the price asked for. Find the profit percentage of the shopkeeper?
110%= 3795
100%= 3450 =115%
so 80%= 2400 = CP
profit% = 1050 ×100/2400 = 350/8 = 43.75%

40.A retailer bought 20 kg tea at a discount of 10%. Besides 1 kg tea was freely offered to him by the
wholesaler at the purchase of 20 kg tea. Now he sells all the at marked price to a customer.What is the
profit percentage of retailer?

20……..100…………2000
20……..90%........1800
21kg…………………1800 cp

21……………………2100sp
300*100/1800=50/3%

41.A man purchased the articles for Rs. 123684. He sold 60% of those at a profit of 16.66% and rest at a
loss. Find the loss percentage on the remaining if the overall loss is 14%?

60………………..40
3…………………….2
3.5(5/3prft)………….x

5*86%=4.3
4.3-3.5=.8

Means 2 ko kitne % loss per sell kre ki ki value 20% aaye


2-.08=1.2

1.2*100/2=60%loss

42.A man bought goods worth Rs. 4096 and sold one sixth of these at 12%, one third at 9% and
one fourth at 10% profit. Then at what loss percent must he sell the remaining goods so as to get
no profit or loss on the whole?

1/6…..1/3…..1/4
Lcm=12

2…………4……..3………..3
2.24…..4.36…3.3……….?

9……………9.9
3……………2.1

9*100/3=30% loss
43. Cost Price of two laptops is same. One of the laptops is sold at a profit of 15% and the Selling Price of
another one laptop is Rs. 3400 more than the first one. The net profit is 20%. What is the Cost Price of
Each laptop?
2x*120= x*115+ x*115+3400
X= 34000

44.A man bought two bikes at equal cost price. He sold one bike at a profit of 14% and sold the other
bike at Rs 4290 more than the first one. The overall profit he had on these two bikes is 20%. Find the
cost price of each bike?
6=4290
100=71500
71500/2=35750
45.The profit earned when article is sold for rs.800 is 20 times the loss incurred when it is sold for rs 275
wht would be the selling price if he wants to earn 20% profit ??
(800 - x) = 20 (x - 275)
800 - x = 20x - 5500
21x = 6300
X=300
300*120%=360

46. The profit earned by selling an article for Rs 900 is double the loss incurred when the same article is
sold for Rs.450. At what price should the article be sold to make 25% profit?
900-x=2(x-490)
900-x=2x-900
X=600
600*125%=750

47. Cp of 12 article is equal to sp of 9 article while the discount on 10 article is equal to profit of 5 article
find the difference between % P and % D
12cp=9sp
c/s=3/4
means prfit=1
1*100/3=33.33
now discount case
10d=5p
d/p=1/2
secnd conditn prft=2 so iska equal krna hai
3……………4…………..1
6………….8…………….2======>proift
Mp=8+1=9
discount= 1*100/9=11.11
33.33-11.11=22.22
48. Cp of 12 article is equal to sp of 9 article while the discount on 8 article is equal to profit of 6 article
find the difference between % P and % D
c/s=3/4
proft=1
8d=6p
d/p=3/4
c……………s……………..p
3…………..4…………….1--------------*4
12…………16……………4
Mp=16+3=19
P=4*100/12=33.33
D=3*100/19=15.79
33.33-15.79=17.54

49. A rickshaw dealer buys 30 rickshaws for Rs. 4725. Of these, 8 are four-seaters and the rest are two
seaters. At what price must he sell the four-seaters so that if he sells the two-two seaters at 3/4th of this
price, he makes a profit 40% on his outlay?
Cp=4725
Sp=4725*140%=6615
8……………………….22
8x+22*3x/4=6615
X=270
Or
4725. CP. 6615 SP
Four. Two
8. 22
4. 3. Price
32. 66. Tot price
98=6615
1=67.5

50.A milkman buys two cows for Rs. 750. He sells first cow at a profit of 22% and the second cow at a
loss of 8%. What is the SP of second cow if in the whole transaction there is no profit no loss?

122………………..92
……………..100
8:22
4:11
15=750
11=550-----cp
550*92%=506
51. Sum of CP’s of two cows is Rs. 13, 000. Both the cows are sold at a profit of 20% and 40%
respectively with their SP’s being the same. What is the difference of CP’s of both the cows?

120a=140b
a/b=7/6
13=13000
1=1000

52. Anoop sells a book to Mayank at a profit of 20% and Mayank sells this book to Siddharth at a profit
of 25%. Now Siddharth sells this book at a loss of 10% to Shishir. At what percentage loss should Shishir
sells this book now so that his SP becomes equal to Anoop’s CP?
100…….120…………..150………….135
35*100/135=25.92

53. A shopkeeper purchases a packet of 50 pencils at Rs 10 per pencil. He sells a part of the packet at a
profit of 30%. On the remaining part, he incurs a loss of 10%.If his overall profit on the whole packet is
10%, the number of pencils he sold at profit is

130………….90
…………..110
1:1
2=50
1=25

54. Some mangoes are purchased at the rate of 8 mangoes/Rs and some more mangoes at the rate of 6
mangoes/Rs, investment being equal in both the cases. Now, the whole quantity is sold at the rate of 7
mangoes/Rs What is the net percentage profit/loss?

8+6=14============cp
7*2=14==============sp

No prft and no loss

55. A trader buys 1260 kg of wheat. 1/4 of which he sells at a gain of 5%, 1/3 at a gain of 8% and the
remaining at a gain of 12%. If he had sold the whole lot at a gain of 10%, he would have gained Rs 40.95
. Find the cost price per kg?
12*10=120
3*5+4*8+5*12=107
13/12=40.95
100%=3780
3780/1260=3rs
56.The price of an article reduces to 576 after two successive discounts. The markup is 80% above the
cost price of Rs. 500.What is the new profit percentage if instead of two successive discount the markup
price was further increased successively two times by the same percentage?
CP. 500
Mp. =500*180/100 =900
900*x/100*x/100. =576
X =80
So. 20 %
900*120/100*120/100 =1296
1296-500/500*100 =159.2
57. When a cycle manufacturer reduced selling price of cycle by 50%, the number of bicycles sold
radically increased by 600%. Initially the manufacturer was getting only 140% profit. What is the
percentage increase of his profit?

Cp=100……100,,,,,,,,,,,,,,10000
Sp=100……240………..24000========14000prft
Cp=700………..100…………..70000
Sp=700………120…………..84000======14000prft

58. A piece of cloth is sold for Rs. 85.80 at a profit of 30%. If it had been sold at Rs. 7.50/meter the profit
would have been Rs. 16.50. Then the length of the piece is
Sp=85.8
Cp=85.8*100/130=66

New sp=66+16.50=82.5
82.5/7.5=11

59. A fruit-seller buys some oranges and by selling 40% of them he realises the cost priceof all the
oranges. As the oranges being to grow over-ripe, he reduces the price and sells 80%of the remaining
oranges at half the previous rate of profit. The rest of the oranges being rotten are thrown away. The
overall percentage of profit
100orage………….10rs………….1000cp
40% sell
40…………………… 25rs …………1000sp
Profit =60*100/40=150
*we calculate % on quantity so we use 40sp
Reamin =60*80%=48
10*175%=17.5
48*17.5=840======sp je hi proft hoga
840*100/1000=84%

60. Camera shop allows a discount of 10% on the advertised price of camera what price must be
marked on camera that costs him rs 600 so that he makes profit of 20% ?
Mp=100+g/100-dg*cp
120*600/90=800

61. The ratio of SP of 3 articles A,B,C is 8:9:5 and the ratio of profit % is 8:7:14 respectively. If the profit
% of A is 14.28% and CP of B is 400/- what is over all % gain
8 = 14.28%= 100/7 %
7 = 12.5%
14 = 25%
8:9:5==>>> 400:450:250 =1100====s9

7:8:4 C.P
350:400:200 ==>>950
150*100/950 =15.78

62. Neha purchased 1375 kg of rice . she sold 1/4th of the total quantity at a loss of 10%, half at a profit
of 8%. at what percent profit should she sell the remaining rice to make 30% profit in the whole
transaction?
Lcm=12
3……6………….3
12*30%=3.6 prft
.30loss+.48 prft =.18prft
Prft nead=3.6-.18=3.42
3.42*100/3=114%

63. A shopkeeper has two types of article. The CP of 1st article is 20Rs/kg and other article is X Rs/kg. He
has quantity of 1st article is 10kg and other article is 20 kg. He sold the mixture of these article at Rs
39/kg with a profit of 30%. Find the value of X?
39*100/130=30
20……………..x
………30
x-30:10
10kg…………………..20kg
1:2
x-30/10=1/2
2x-60=10
X=35

64. A vendor sold two magazines namely A and B. He sold magazine ‘A’ at a loss of 20% and magazine ‘B’
at a profit of 25% but finally there is no loss or no gain. If the total Selling price of both magazines is
Rs.450. Find the difference between the Cost Price of Magazine ‘A’ and ‘B’?
80a=125b
a/b=5/4
9=450
1=50

65. A shop owner buys two articles for a cost of 900. By selling one for 4/5 of its cost and other for 5/4 of
its cost, he makes a profit of 90 on the whole transaction. Find the cost price of lower priced article?
80a=125b
a/b=5/4
9=90
1=10

66. 12 dozen oranges and 10 kg apples were bought at Rs 500 and 15 dozen oranges and 7 kg apples
were bought at Rs 432.50. Then the selling price of 1 dozen oranges and 1 kg apples (rounded off to
nearest integer) when they are sold at a profit of 15% is
12o+10a=500---------*5
15o+7a=432.5--------*4
60o+50a=2500
60o+28a=1730
A=35
O=12.5
47.5*115%=54.6
67. A shopkeeper marks up the price of his product by 40%. If he increases the discount from 5% to 10%,
the profit would decrease by ₹14. How much profit would he earn if he gives a discount of 20% on the
marked price?
100………………..5
140………………..7
7=14
100=200cp………………..mp=280
280*80%=224sp
Prft=24

68. A shopkeeper bought 84 identical shirts priced at Rs.240 each. He spent a total of Rs.3200 on
transportation and packaging. He put the label of marked price of Rs.420 on each shirt. He offered a
discount of 15% on each shirt at the marked price. What is the total profit of the shopkeeper in the
whole transaction?
3200/84=38
240+38=278cp
Sp=420*85%=357
Prft=79
84*79=6636aprx

69. A salesman sells two kinds of trousers: cotton and woollen. A pair of cotton trousers is sold at 30%
profit and a pair of woollen trousers is sold at 50% profit. The salesman has calculated that if he sells
100% more woollen trousers than cotton trousers, his overall profit will be 45%. However, he ends up
selling 50% more cotton trousers than woollen trousers.What will be his overall profit?
130x+300y=145x+290y
15x=10y
X:y=2:3
Let 200,300
(30*2*3+50*3*2)/12=40%

70. A seller gets 44% profit on an item after giving X % discount on the marked price. Had he offered 2X
discount, he would have gained 28 %. How much percent is more the marked price than the cost price?
(144/100-X)=(128/100-2x)
14400-12800=(288-128)x
1600=160X
X=10
mp=cp(144/90)
54/90*100=60%

71. A man cheats while buying as well as selling. While buying he takes 20% more than the indicated wt
and while selling he uses a faulty balance which indicates 1250 gm for a kg. If he sells at 30% below cost
price(of indicated wt), find his profit or loss%.
1000 gm Cp 100
1200 Cp = 500/6
Sell at 1000 gm for 70
Price of 1250 = 87.5
Profit 87.5 - 500/6 = 25/6
25/6/500/6 *100 = 5%
Or
1200*.7*1.25
=105
5%profit

72. Aperson bought 2 bicycles for rs 1600 and sold the 1st at 10%profit and the 2nd at 20%profit.if he
sold the 1st at 20%. Profit and the second at 10% profit,he would get rs-5 more...the difference of the
cost price
10=5
100=50

73. Raghav bought 25 washing machines and microwave ovens for ₹2,05,000. He sold 80% of
the washing machines and 12 microwave ovens for a profit of ₹40,000. Each washing machine
was marked up by 20% over cost and each microwave oven was sold at a profit of ₹2,000. The
remaining washing machines and 3 microwave ovens could not be sold. What is Raghav's ove rall
profit/loss?
Total number of Microwave ovens = 15 (12 sold +3 unsold)
Hence, Washing machines = 10
He sold 12 ovens and 8 washing machines
Hence, In total he sold 80% of both
Thus, He sells 80% of both at a profit of Rs. 40,000.
Cost of 80% of the goods = 0.8*2,05,000 = 1,64,000
Hence, Total SP = 1,64,000+40,000 = 2,04,000
CP = 2,05,000
Loss = Rs.1000

74. Aadesh bought a combined total of 25 monitors and printers. He marked up the monitors by 20% on
CP while each printer was marked up by Rs. 2000. He was able to sell 75% of the monitors and 2 printers
and make a profit of Rs. 49,000. The remaining monitors and 3 printers could not be sold by him. Find
his overall profit or loss if he gets no return on unsold items and it is known that a printer costs 50% of a
monitor.
Total Number of printers = 5 (2 sold , 3 unsold)
Monitors = 20.
Profit made on Printers sold = 2000*2 = 4000.
Monitors sold = 20*75% = 15
Profit made on Monitors sold = 49000-4000 = Rs.45000.
Profit made per monitor = 45000/15 = 3000.
20% of CP of Monitor = 3000
CP of Monitor = 15000.
CP of Printer = 7500
Total CP = 15000*20 + 7500*5 = 3,37,500
Total SP = 18000*15 + 9500*2 = 2,89,000
Loss = 48,500

75. An orange vendor makes a profit of 20% by selling oranges at a certain price. If he charges Rs. 1.2
higher per orange he would gain 40%. Find the original price at which he sold an orange.

Let the CP be Rs. x/ orange


Profit = 20%
SP = Rs. 1.20x
Now, If case :-
SP =x+ Rs.1.2
Profit = 40%
Therefore, we can say
1.40x = x+1.2 or x = Rs. 3
Hence, Original SP = Rs 1.2x = Rs. 3.60/

76. A trader buys 1260 kg of wheat. One-fourth of which he sells at a gain of 5 percent, one-third at a
gain of 8 percent and the remaining at a gain of 12 percent. If he had sold the whole lot at a gain of 10
percent, he would have gained Rs 40.95 more. Find the cost price per kg?
12*10=120
3*5+4*8+5*12=107
13/12=40.95
100%=3780
3780/1260=3rs

77. Two shopkeepers, A and B, sell fans of the same cost price. A marks-up his fans by 40% and offers a
discount of 20%. While B marks-up his fans by 20% and then offers a discount of 10%. A, by mistake,
calculates his profit percentage on the selling price but B does not commit such mistake. What is the
difference in percentage profit between the two?
For A
7/5 × 4/5=28/25(sp/cp)
Profit=3 over sp=28
P%=3×100/28=3×25/7=75/7=10.7%
For B
6/5 × 9/10=54/50
P=4 over cp=50
P%=4×100/50=8%
Diff in profit=10.7-8=2.7%
Or
40-20-8=12
1200/112=10.7

20-10-2=8

10.7-8=2.7
78. Rohit bought 20 soaps and 12 toothpastes. He marked-up the soaps by 15% on the cost price of
each, and the toothpastes by Rs.20 on the cost price each. He sold 75% of the soaps and 8 toothpastes
and made a profit of Rs.385. If the cost of a toothpaste is 60% the cost of a soap and he got no return on
unsold items, what was his overall profit or loss?
cost of soap==100
cost of tp==60
mrp of soap==115
mrp of tp===80
15 soap and and 8 tp profit 385
5 unsold soap and 4 unsold tp cost is ===740
so loss 740-385==355

79. A dishonest shopkeeper makes cheating of 20% at the time of buying and 40% at the time of
selling the goods. He promises to sell goods at 10% loss. Find profit percent.
Let cp =100 for 1000gm
But he cheated 20% means
In 100 rs he get 1200gm
Then he promised to sell the items at 90rs
But he cheated again by 40%
Means he sold only 600gm
So cp of 600gm =50
Sp of 600gm =90
%profit=40*100/50=80%

80. A trader sells an article at a loss of 16%, but when he increases the selling price of the
article by 1155 he earns a profit of 3.25% of the cost price. If he sells the same article for 7800,
what is his profit percentage?
19.25=1155
100=6000 cp
1800*100/6000=30%

81. A trader purchased 180 bags of cementat Rs900 per bag. He sold 70 bag sat 20% profit and 50 bag
sat 6% loss . At what rate per bag should the remainder be sold so as to gain 9% on the whole
transaction.

9=(70*20+50*(-6)+60*x)/180
X=+7%
Sp =900*107%
=963

82. A man sold two almirahs for Rs 4800 each. On one, he gains 30% and on other, he loses 20%. How
much does he gain or lose in the whole transaction?
Formula =100-2(100+a)(100+b)/(100+a)+(100+b)
100-(2*130*80)/210
2100-2080/21
=+.95%

83. A man bought 300 quintals of sugar.He sold 200 quintals of sugar at the rate of Rs
126 per quintal and he gained
5% on it. At what rate should he sell the remaining to gain 10% of the whole?
200*10+100*x)/300=10
X=20%
105===126
120===?
126*120/105
=144
84. A merchant bought 150 quintals of rice at a rate of Rs 300 per quintal. 90 quintals of
which he sold at a gain of
10% and 30 quintals at a loss of 5%. At what price per kg should he sell the remaining
rice to gain 8% of his total
cost price?
8=(90*10+30*-5+30*x)/150
X=15
Sp=300*115%=345

85. A man buys some quantity of rice for Rs 4800. He sells one third of it at a profit
of 10%. At what percent gain should he sell the remaining two-third so as to make
an overall profit of 20% on the whole transaction?
1600*10+3200*x)/4800=20
X=25%

86. A shopkeeper buys 60 cycles and marks them at 20% above the cost price. He
allows a discount of 10% on the marked price for cash sale and 5% discount for
credit sales. If three-fourth of the cycles are sold at cash and remaining for credit,
the total profit be Rs. 11400. What is the cost price of a cycle
60====1000======60000
60000*120%=72000
72000*3/4=54000*90%===48600
18000*95%=17100
Total sp=17100+48600
=65700
Prft=5700
60000======5700
?===========11400
120000====total cp
120000/60=2000

87. By selling 144 hens, Kamal lost the SP of 6 hens. Find his loss per cent. Had he
purchased them for Rs 7200, what would have been the SP of one hen?
Sp=144
Loss=6
Cp==150
6*100/150=4% loss
7200*96%=6912
Sp per hen=6912/144
=148

88. 9 kg of rice cost as much as 4 kg of sugar; 14 kg of sugar cost as much as 1.5 kg of tea; 2 kg of tea
cost as much as 5 kg of coffee; find the cost of 11 kg of coffee, if 2.5 kg of rice cost Rs. 12.50.
9 kg of rice=4 kg of sugar
14 kg of sugar cost=1.5 kg of tea
2 kg of tea cost=5 kg of coffee
11 kg of coffee cost = ??
2.5 kg of rice= cost Rs. 12.50
12.50*9*14*2*11/2.5*4*1.5*5=462

89. A dishonest shopkeeper makes it fixed price increase by 80% then gives 25%discount on it. Shopkeer
when buying from wholeseller cheats n get 20% more per kg n while selling gives 10% less per kg to
customer. What is net profit of shopkeeper.

1200------1000
1------------5/6
90----------75
Sp =135
Cp =75
Profit % = 60*100/75 =80%

Trick

90.The profit earned by selling an article for Rs. 600 is equal to the loss incurred when the same article is
sold for Rs. 400. What should be the sale price of the article for making 25 percent profit?
Cp=x
x-600=x-400
2x=1000
X=500==========cp
500*125%=625
Sort trick
Cp=600+400/2=500
500*125%=625

91. A reduction of 20% in the price of sugar enables a housewife to purchase 6 kg more for Rs. 240.
What is original price per kg of sugar.
Shrt trick
Orginal price = r/100-r)*rs/kg
20/80*240/6=10rs

92.By selling 144 hens, Kamal lost the SP of 6 hens. Find his loss per cent. Had he purchased them for Rs
7200, what would have been the SP of one hen?
Sp=144
Loss=6
Cp==150
6*100/150=4% loss
7200*96%=6912
Sp per hen=6912/144
=48
93. A seller uses 840 gm in place of 1 kg to sell his goods. Find his actual profit and loss:
(i) When he sells his article on 4% loss on cost price.
(ii) When he sells his article on 4% gain on cost price.

Loss of 4% on C.P.
S.P. of the article = (100 -loss on C.P.)
Actual profit/loss = [S.P. (Actual value of weight/ used value of weight)] - 100
= [(100 - 4)(1000/840)] - 100
=(96 * 100/84) - 100
= 114.28 - 100
= Rs. 14.28
Shrt trick=96*1000/840-100=14.28=========4%loss
Gain of 4% on C.P.
S.P. of the article = (100 + gain on C.P.)
Actual profit/loss = [S.P. (Actual value of weight/ used value of weight)] - 100
= [(100 + 4)(1000/840)] - 100
=(104 * 100/84) - 100
= 123.80 - 100 = Rs. 23.8
Shrt trick=104*1000/840-100=23.8

94 A man bought an article and sold it at a gain of 5 %. If he had bought it at 5% less and sold it for Re 1
less, he would have made a profit of 10%. The C.P. of the article was
Let original Cost price is x
Its Selling price = 105/100 * x = 21x/20
New Cost price = 95/100 * x = 19x/20
New Selling price = 110/100 * 19x/20 = 209x/200
[(21x/20) - (209x/200)] = 1

=> x = 200

Shrt trick=
95*110%=104.5===========95(5% loss) &110%(10% gain)
105-104.5=.5=========105%(5% gain)
.5=1
100=200

95. A radio dealer sold radio at a loss of 2.5%. Had he sold it for Rs. 100 more, he would have gained 7.5
%. In order to gain 12.5% he should sell it for ?
-2.5+7.5=10%
10%=100
100=1000
1000*112.5%=1125

96.An article is sold at a profit of 20%. if both the cost price and selling price are
Rs 100 less, the profit would be 4% more
Let CP X.
SP = 1.2X.
When CP is Rs. 100 less,
CP = X - 100
SP = 1.2X - 100.
Now,
1.2X - 100 = 1.24*(X-100)
On Solving, we get
X = 600.
CP = Rs. 600.
Shrt trick- intial prft+increase prft/ increase prft*less value
24*100/4=600

97.An article is sold at 20% profit. if its C.P and S.P are less by 10 and 5 respectively the percentage profit
increased by 10%. find the cost price?
he equation becomes,
if C.P = x
10x/100 = (130/100) × 10 - 5

x/10 = (13/10) × 10 - 5

x = (13 - 5) × 10 = 80
Trick=
Cp*prft% increase-100(s-c)/prft increase
10*130-100*5/10=80

98. An article is sold at 25 % profit. if its C.P and S.P are increased by 20/- and 4/- respectively, the
percentage of profit decreases by 15% find the cost price.
20*10-100*-16/15=120

99. A man sells his table at a profit of 25% and chair at a loss of 20% but on whole he gains Rs.18. On
the other hand, if he sells the table at a loss of 20% and chair at a profit of 25% ,Then he neither gain
nor loss . Find cost price of both table and chair ?
1/20:1/25
Lcm=100
Cp ratio = 5:4
9x=5*25-4*20
9x=45
X=5
5=18
100=360===================cp
9=360
5=200
4=160
100. A man bought a horse and a cart. If he sold the horse at 10 % loss and the cart at 20 % gain, he
would not lose anything; but if he sold the horse at 5% loss and the cart at 5% gain, he would lose Rs. 10
in the bargain. The amount paid by him was Rs._______ for the horse and Rs.________ for the cart.
2:1
3x=2*5-1*5
3x=5
x=5/3
5/3=10
10*3*100/5=600
400..........200

101. An article is sold at 25% profit. It its cost price is increased by Re 60 and at the same time if its
selling price is also increases by Re 40. the percentage of profit decrease by 15%. find the cost price.

20+60*15%)100/10
29*100/10=290

102. A person bought two watches for rs.480/- . he sold one at a loss of 15% and the other at a gain of
19% and he found that each watch was sold at the same price.find out the cost of the two watches?
480*119/(100-85)+(100+119)
480*119/204=280
48-280=200
280 & 200
Or
85%x = (480-x)*115%

103. a man brought two horses for rs 960. he sold one a loss of 20 percent and the other at a gain of 60
percent and found that each horse sold at same price.find the cost price of two horses?
960*160/240=640
960-640=320
640 & 320

104. A man bought 20 pens and 16 books of Rs.360. He gains 40% on selling pens and 25% on
selling the books. If his whole gain is Rs.120, then find the cost price of each pen and each book.
120*100/360=1/3
2/5---------------------------1/4
----------------1/3
1/12:1/15
5:4
9=360
5=200
4=160
200/20=10rs 160/16=10

105. A person bought some oranges at the rate of 6 per rupee. He bought the same no.of oranges at the
rate of 4 per rupee. He mixes both the type and sells at 10 for 2 rupees. In this business he bears a loss
of 4 rupees. Find out how many oranges he bought in all??
Loss*2xyz/z(x+y)-2xy
4*2*6*4*5/50-48
=480

106. Rakesh calculates his profit percentage on selling price whereas Ramesh calculates his on cost price
. They find that difference of their profit is rs 100 . If selling price of both of thm are same and both of
them get 25 % profit , find sp ?
Differ in prft *100*(100+x)/x^2
100*100*125/625=2000
Or

107. Sunil calculates his profit percentage on the selling price whereas Sujeet calculates his profit on the
cost price. They find that the difference of their profits is Rs. 900. If the selling price of both of them are
the same, and Sunil gets 50% profit and Sujeet gets 40% profit, then find their selling price.

short trick
900*100*140(100+40)/100^2-140*50=4200

108. A man sells two horses for Rs.1850. The cost price of the first is equal to the selling price of the
second. If the first is sold at 15% loss and the second at 25% gain, what is his total gain or loss

85-100(100/125)*1850/100+(100-15)=

5*1850/185=50 prft

109. Cost Price of two motorcycles is same. One is sold at a profit of 15% and the other for Rs. 4800
more than the first. If the net profit is 20%. Find the cost price of each motorcycle
2(1.15x)+4800=2(1.2x)
2.3x+4800=2.4x
x=48000
or
15-------------x
----------20
x-20=5
x=25
10%=480
1005=48000

110. A man bought two bikes at equal cost price. He sold one bike at a profit of 14% and sold
the other bike at Rs 4290 more than the cost price. The overall profit he had on these two bikes
is 20%. Find the cost price of each bike?
CP of two bikes = 200x Rs. Total profit = 20% = SP = 240x
Now on one bike, profit = 14% = SP = 114x
On other bike, SP = 100x + 4290 Rs
Equating both ==> 114x + 100x + 4290 = 240x
Finding x = 165. And CP of bike = 16500 Rs
Or
14....x
.....20
1....1
6=x-20
X=26
26%=4290
100=16500
111. A man sold an article for Rs. 6800 and incurred a loss. Had he sold the article for Rs. 7600, his gain
would have been equal to half of the amount of the loss that he incurred. At what price should he sell
the article to have 20 % profit?
X-6800=2*7600-2x
X=220000/3
Sp=220000*1.20/3=8800

112..The purchase prices of three articles are in the ratio 3:4:5 the first one is
sold at a profit of 10% and the second at a loss of 7.5%. If the overall percentage
of profit or loss of the first two articles is the same as the percentage profit or
loss of all the articles taken together, what is the percentage of profit or loss in
the case of the third article.
300……….400………500
330……….370……….??
Cp=1200
Sp 2 article =330+330=700
700+500=1200
Means no loss no prft