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Questions 1-11

Sharpshooter Annie Oakleyis is a mainstay in the folklore of the Old West.Born Phoeboe Ann Moses
in 1860, Annie Learned to shoot at a very young age out of necessity: she hunted for birds and small ,,,,
game animals to help feed her family and to make some extra money by supplaying the local hotel
restaurant with her catch. She soon became known for her excellent marksmanship and began taking part in
shooting competitions at a very young age. It was rather unusual for a young girl not only to take part in
such competitions but to win over older, more experienced male competitiors. At the age fifteen, she
defeated Frank Butler, a professional marksman, in a competition. She and Butler were married a year later,
and together they look part in shooting exhibitions.
In 1885, they joined probably the most famous of all western shows, Buffalo Bill’s Wild West touring
show. As part of their act. Annie shot a cigarette out of her husband’s mouth; Frank Butler’s participation in
this part of the act clearly demonstrated his faith in his wife’s shooting ability. Annie also accepted
volunteers from audience to take part in her act, and on one occasion, while touring Europe, she even shot a
cigarette out of the mouth of Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany.

1. Which of the following is closest in meaning to “Folklore” in line 1?

A. Traditional stories
B. Western stories
C. Children’s stories
D. Cowboy stories

2. The Passage indicates that.

A. The name Annie Oakley was given to her at birth.
B. Annie changed her name to Phoebe at a young age.
C. The name phoebe Ann Moses was Annie’s choice.
D. Annie did not use her given name

3. The passage indicates that Annie learned to hunt.

A. For pleasure
B. In order to survive
C. As part of a competition
D. Because it was a normal activity for someone her age.

4. The word “marksmanship” in line 4 indicated

A. Competitiveness
B. Ability to earn money
C. Ability with a gun
D. Attitude about work

5. How was the young Annie different from other girls her age?
A. She used a boy’s name
B. She worked in a local hotel
C. She married at a much younger age than was considered normal.
D. She won shooting competitions.

6. According to the passage, what did Annie do one year prior to her marriage?
A. She defeated her future husband in a shooting match.
B. She learned to shoot.
C. She changed her name.
D. She joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild Wesr touring show.

7. The pronoun “they” in line 8 refers to

A. Male competitors
B. Annie and Frank
C. Shooting exhibtions
D. Western shows

8. The word “demonstrated” in line 11 is closest in meaning to

A. Disprove
B. Showed
C. Tested
D. Demanded

9. The passage suggests that Annie took a shot at Crown Prince Wilhelm because
A. Wilhelm wanted her to do it
B. Annie dislike him tremendously
C. Germany was at war with the U.S
D. Annie disliked smooking

10. Where in the passage does the author describe one of the tricks in Annie’s act?
A. Line 1-4
B. Line 4-5
C. Line 9-10
D. Line 10-11

11. The information in the passage

A. Lists a couse followed by an effect
B. Moves from general to specific ideas
C. Is in chronological order
D. Is in spatial order

Questions 12-20
To understand the forces behind thunder and lightning, one must recall basic information about
electricity, that things can become either positively or negatively charged with electricity and that two
things with opposite charges will attract each other, as the opposite charges become stronger, the attraction
becomes greater; eventually the attraction becomes strong enough to result in a discharge that makes the
two things electrically neutral again.
Lightning results when one could full of moisture develops an opposite charge in relation to another
cloud. The pressure continues to build until there is enough pressure to break down the air separating the
two clouds. A discharge occurs to neutralize the opposite charges in the two clouds, and this discharge is
what we see as lightning. As this dischage of lightning of occurring, the lightning follows the “path of least
resistance” ; it therefore does not follow a straight line but zigzags in order to find the easiest route.
Thunder occurs during the discharge of electricity. As the discharge occurs , the air in the vicinity
expands and contracts rapidly; the rushing air currents collide, causing the sound that we hear as thunder.
Light travels much faster than sound (the speed of light is 186,284 miles per second, while the speed of
sound is 1,100 feet per second), so we see the light first and then hear the sound later. Of course, the farther
away the thunder and lightning are, the greater the lapsed time between the two. In fact the amount of
lapsed time between the two can be used to determine how far away the thunder and lightning are.

12. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. Basic information about electricity
B. The causes of thunder and lightning
C. How lightning occurs
D. Why thunder and lightning do not seem to occurs together

13. Which of the following is NOT true about electric charges?

A. Something can have either a possitive charge or a negative charge
B. If one thing is possitive and the other is negative, they will attract each other
C. If two things have strong negative charges, they will attract each other strongly
D. If the attraction between two things gets very strong, a discharge can occurs
14. The word “moisture” in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A. Wetness
B. Electricity
C. Gas
D. Positive charge

15. The passage states that lightning occurs when opposite charges develop in two
A. Drops of moisture
B. Air currents
C. Paths
D. Clouds

16. The “path of least resistance” in line 10 is what type of path?

A. The easiert
B. The strongest
C. The brightst
D. The most electrically charged

17. The word “zigzags” in line 10 indicates that something

A. Curves
B. Moves directly
C. Proceeds with sharp turns
D. Shines

18. The word “contracts” in line 13 is closest in meaning to

A. Becomes larges
B. Associates
C. Speeds up
D. Reduces
19. Which of the following is implied in the passage?
A. The speed of sound is faster than the speed of light
B. If you see and hear something at the same time, it is far away
C. Humans can travel faster than the speed of light
D. Something that is very close will be seen and heard at roughly the same time

20. The paragraph following the passage probably discusses

A. Why lightning is not straight
B. The speed of light versus the sound
C. Further characteristics of electricity
D. Foguring out how far away thunder and lightning

Questions 21-30

The cliff dwellings of the southwestern United States provideanother mystery to intrigue archeologist.
Located in the Four Corners area of the U.S., where Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexice meet, the
cliff dwellings were constructed during the Great Pueblo period, from approximately 1050 to 1300. The
cliff dwellings are whole series of contiguous rooms built in layers into the sides of cliffs. The sleeping
rooms of the cliff dwellings were very tiny, often only one to two meters wide and little more than one
meter high, and they were built in complexes of up to several hundred rooms together. The front rooms of
the complexes were considerably larger. These larger rooms were apparently the rooms where daily life
look place.
When the cliff dwellings were first found by explorers, they had been abandoned. Archeologists today
are uncertain as to when or why they were abandoned and where the inhabitants went. There some
evidence, however, that the inhabitans left the cliff dwellings near the end of the thirteenth century because
of a serious drought that is known to have occurred in the area from 1276 to 1299. Archeologists believe
that the inhabitants could have left the cliff dwellings to move southwest and southeast. Today the
descendants of the cliff dwellers are probably members of the Native American tribes of that area.

21. The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discussed

A. Another puzzle for archeologists
B. The development of the Four Corners area
C. The explorers who found the cliff dwellers
D. Today’s descendants of the cliff dwellers

22. Which of the following best describes the topic of this passage?
A. The great Pueblo period
B. A description of cliff dwellings
C. What is known and unknown about the cliff dwellings
D. The Four Corners area of the United States

23. Why did the Four Corners area receive its name?
A. The area is a square with four corners
B. The cliff dwellings in the area each have four corners
C. The great Pueblos are four cornered
D. The corners of four states meet there

24. According to the passage, when were the cliff dwellings built?
A. During the Great Pueblo period
B. After the drought
C. Sometime before 1050
D. At the same time that the explorers found them

25. The word “tiny”in line 5 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. Wide
B. Small
C. High
D. Large

26. The word “abandoned” in line 9 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. Thriving
B. Full of daily life
C. Empty
D. In a state of drought

27. A “drought” in line 12 is

A. A lack of food
B. Warfare with neighboring tribes
C. A desire to find a safer location
D. A shortage of water

28. According to the passage, which of the following are the authorities certain about?
A. Why the cliff dwellers abandoned their homes
B. That a drought occurred in the Four Corners area form 1276 to 1299
C. Where the inhabitants of the cliff dwellings went
D. When the cliff dwellers abandoned their homes

29. The word “descendants” in line 14 can bst be replaced by

A. Subordinates
B. Offspring
C. Inferiors
D. Ancestors

30. Which of the following is NOT discussed in the passage?

A. The life-style of the cliff dwellers
B. The size of the cliff dwellings
C. The mystery surrounding the abandonment of the cliff dwellings
D. The location of the cliff dwellings

Questions 31-40

Distillation, the process of separating the elements of a solution, is widely used in industry today. The
two most common methods of distillation are fractional distillation, used inthe preparation of alcoholic
beverages, and flash distillation, used for the conversion of ocean water to fresh water.
In fractional distillation a mixture is separated into its various component parts by boiling. This
method makes use of the fact that different elements boil at varying temperature. For example, alcohol has
a considerably lower boiling temperature than water; the boiling temperature of water is 212 degrees
Fahrenheit, and the boiling temperature of alcohol is 172 degrees Fahrenheit. Thus, when a mixture of
alcohol and water is heated, the alcohol vaporizes more quickly than the water. The distillate is collected
and the process is repeated until the desired purity has been achieved.
Flash distillation does not require high temperatures but instead is based on pressure. In this process, a
liquid that is to be separated is forced from a compartment kept under high pressure into a compartment
kept at a lower pressure. When a liquid moves into the low-pressure chamber, it suddenly vaporizes, and
the vapor is then condensed into dentillate.

31. The word “fresh” inline 3 could most easily be replaced by

A. Original
B. Modern
C. Inexperienced
D. Nonsaline

32. According to the passage, what makes fractional distillation occur?

A. Time
B. Pressure
C. Heat
D. Water

33. The word “thus” in line 7 is closest inmeaning to which of the following?
A. However
B. Moreover
C. Furthermore
D. Therefore

34. According to the passage, what happens when water and alcohol are heated together?
A. Both the water and the alcohol evaporate at the same rate
B. The alcohol cannot evaporate because of the water
C. The alcohol evaporates at a temperature of 212 degrees Fahrenheit
D. The alcohol evaporates from the mixture first

35. The word “purity” in line 9 means

A. Godness
B. Cleanness
C. Righteousness
D. Thoroughness

36. According to the passage, in the flash distilation process, what causes the liquid to vaporize?
A. The pressure on the liquid is suddenly changed.
B. the liquid changes compartments
C. The addition of seawater to a solution causes a chemical change to occur
D. There is a rapid increase in the pressure on the liquid.

37. Which of the following processes would probably involve distillation?

A. Adding a new substance to a mixture
B. Dividing a pure element into smaller quantities
C. Mixing two elements together to from a new solution
D. Removing impurities from a solution

38. The word “vaporizes” in line 13 could bestbe replaced by

A. Becomes gaseous
B. Disappears
C. Becomes stressed
D. Solidifies

39. The main purpose of this passage is to

A. Axplain how salt water can be turned into fresh water
B. Give an example of fractional distillation
C. Describe a scientific process
D. Discuss the boiling temperatures of various liquids

40. This passage would most probably be assigned reading in which of the following courses?
A. Biology
B. Aquatics
C. Physiology
D. Chemistry

Questions 41-50

At first glance it might seem that a true artist is a solitary toiler in possession of a unique talent that
differentiates her or him from the rest of society. But after frther reflection it is quite apparent that the artist
is a product of the society in which she or he toils rather than an entity removed from society. The genius of
an artist is relly a measure of the artist’s ability to work within the framework imposed by society, to make
use of the resources provided by society, and, most important, to mirror a society’s values. It is society that
imposes a structure on the artist, and the successful artist must work within this framework. Societies have
found various methods to support and train their artists, be it the Renaissance system of royal suppost of the
sculpors and painters of the period or the Japanese traition of passing artistic knowledge from father to son.
The artist is also gratly affected by the physical resources of her or his society. The medium chosen by the
artist is a reflection not only of the artist’s preception of aesthetic beauty but of resources that society has to
supply. After all, woodcarvings come from societies with forests, bronze statues come from societies with
available supplies of metal anda woven woolen rugs come from societies of shepherds. Finally, the artist
must reflect the values, both aesthetic and moral, of the society in which she or he toils. The idea of beauty
changes from society to society, as seen in the oft cited example of Rubens’ rounded women versus today’s
gaminlike sylphs, and the artist must serve as a mirror of her or his society’s measure of perfection. And
society’s moral values must equally be reflected in art if it is to be universally accepted.

41. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The effect of the artist on society
B. The role of the artist in improving society
C. The relation between an artist and society
D. The structure of society

42. The word “solitary” in line 1 is colsest in meaning to?

A. Sociable
B. Monogamous
C. Sensitive
D. Lone

43. The author thinks that an artist is

A. Separate from society
B. A part of society
C. Differentiated from society
D. An entity removed from society

44. The word “mirror” in line 5 is closest in meaning to

A. Shine
B. Return
C. Reflect
D. Reject

45. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a way that society imposes its structure on an
A. Society has found ways to train and support its artists
B. Society provides physical resources to an artist
C. Social imposes its value on the artist
D. Society allows the artist to use her or his unique talent to lead a solitary life

46. The word “medium” in line 10 could best be replaced by

A. Social milieu
B. Means of expression
C. Neutrality of position
D. Mediocrity o performance

47. Which of the following physical resources of art is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. Stone
B. Wood
C. Wool
D. Metal

48. In the line with the authors point about resources, an area near an ocean might feature what type of art?
A. Shell jewelry
B. Water color portraits
C. Wood carvings of fish
D. Paintings of seascapes

49. A “sylph” in line 16 is probably someone who is

A. Artistic
B. Pretty
C. Curved
D. Slim

50. The example of Rubens’ women is used to show that the artist
a. Has been supplied by society
b. Makes use of society’s physical resources
c. Reflects society’s aesthetic values
d. Reflects society’s moral values