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Question 1

Select the most appropriate option.


The crude oil forms a compound with the marine water called ------- which are
present at the surface of the water.
1. oil pound
2. oil pump
3. oil plumes
4. None of these

Question 2
Select the most appropriate option.
India’s hydrocarbon potential is spread across 26 sedimentary basins spanning an
estimated 3.14 million square kilometres (sq. km). Can you tell me how much area
are in deep water? a. 1.33 Million Sq. km. b. 1.35 Million Sq. km. c. 1.37 Million Sq.
km. d. 1.39 Million Sq. km.
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 3
Select the most appropriate option.
As heat and pressure act upon petroleum, it finally becomes a. oil. b. tar. c. natural
gas. d. coal.
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 4
State whether the given statement is true or false
Hydrocarbon mud logging, is a process whereby the circulating mud and cuttings in
a well are continuously monitored as the well is being drilled.
1. true
2. false

Question 5
Select the most appropriate option.
The petroleum industry uses an -------- scale to grade crude oil. a. API (American
Petroleum Institute) b. ARIP (American Research Institute of Petroleum) c. APRI
(American Petroleum Research Institute) d. APSI (American Petroleum Standered
Institute)
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 6
Select the most appropriate option.
The worst oil spill in United States waters was the a. Santa Barbara spill b. Amoco
Cadiz spill c. Exxon Valdez spill d. Torrey Canyon spill
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 7
Select the most appropriate option.
The physical properties of petroleum are controlled by its ------- composition.
1. Electrical
2. Mechenical
3. Biological
4. chemical

Question 8
Select the most appropriate option.
The oil industry classifies ------- by the location of its origin and often by its relative
weight or viscosity.
1. Crude
2. Gold
3. Gas
4. Wood

Question 9
Select the most appropriate option.
The reservoir now believed to contain the largest amount of carbon is a. the
atmosphere b. natural gas c. coal (bituminous and anthracite) d. gas hydrates
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 10
State whether the given statement is true or false
Control centres can be either on surface platforms or in remote onshore locations.
1. true
2. false

Question 11
Select the most appropriate option.
It smells like rotten eggs, and one good whiff of it in high concentrations will kill you
instantly. It is sometimes encountered in formations while drilling for oil. a. Hydrogen
Sulfide b. Sodium Sulfide c. Hydrogen Peroxide d. Boric Hydroxide
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 12
Select the most appropriate option.
The process of well completion continues in stages: drill – run and cement new
casings – then -------.
1. Drill again
2. Ring again
3. Dig again
4. All of these
Question 13
Select the most appropriate option.
The unit of 'Specific gravity' is: a. Kilo Degree b. Meter c. Degree d. Kilometer
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 14
State whether the given statement is true or false
Limestones cannot act as source rocks.
1. true
2. false

Question 15
Select the most appropriate option.
The ------- consists of lighter paraffin hydrocarbons. a. Crude oil b. Natural gas c.
Semi-solid d. Solid forms
1. a is correct
2. b is correct
3. c is correct
4. d is correct

Question 16
Select the most appropriate option.
The upper temperature of a gas turbine is typically a) 100 degree centigrade b) 350
degree centigrade c) 600 degree centigrade d) 1000 degree centigrade e) 1300
degree centigrade
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d
5. Only e

Question 17
Select the most appropriate option.
Anaerobic conditions are required to prevent ----------- of the organic matter. a.
Reduction b. Oxidation c. Both d. None
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 18
State whether the given statement is true or false
The largest deposits in the world occur in the India.
1. true
2. false

Question 19
State whether the given statement is true or false
Geochemical exploration techniques can be direct or indirect.
1. true
2. false
Question 20
Select the most appropriate option.
By selecting good source offset locations, seismic data quality can improve and by
selecting good access to seismic lines, environmental impact and safety risks are
minimized. a. data quality b. Seismic data quality c. Seismic quality d. None of these
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 21
Select the most appropriate option.
4D Seismic Surveys is also called ------- survey.
1. Weight-lapse seismic
2. Size-lapse seismic
3. Time-lapse seismic
4. None of these

Question 22
Select the most appropriate option.
The essence of the ------------------ is the closely spaced real data collection. a. 1D
seismic b. 2D seismic c. 3D seismic d. 4D seismic
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 23
Select the most appropriate option.
Under New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP), public sector companies like
ONGC and Oil India Ltd. get no special privileges. a. True b. False c. None
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 24
Select the most appropriate option.
A typical smart well may be equipped with: a. Flow meters b. Telemetric devices c. a
and b
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 25
Select the most appropriate option.
Oil migrating from ------------- moves upward through various permeable strata and
eventually becomes trapped under the roof. a. Source rock b. Reservoir rock c. Cap
rock d. Top rock
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 26
Select the most appropriate option.
What is the name given to the workers who work on a drilling rig drill floor? a.
Yahoos b. Tool Pushers c. Roughnecks d. Tong Operators
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 27
Select the most appropriate option.
Crude oil refers to: a. Gas Petroleum b. Liquid Petroleum c. Solid Petroleum
1. a is correct
2. b is correct
3. c is correct
4. None of these

Question 28
State whether the given statement is true or false
The cellar provides a work space around the hole, for the workers and drilling
accessories.
1. true
2. false

Question 29
Select the most appropriate option.
ONGC has more than ------- percent of the blocks and the remaining are with Indian
and foreign companies. a. 30 b. 40 c. 50 d. 60
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 30
Select the most appropriate option.
The ------------------- surveys may use a great variety of sensing instruments, and data
may be collected from above or below the Earth’s surface or from aerial or marine
platforms. a. Geological b. Geophysical c. Geochemical d. All of above
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 31
Select the most appropriate option.
API values below 10º API are -------- crude. a. Light b. Medium weight c. Heavy d.
Extra-heavy
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d
Question 32
Select the most appropriate option.
Full form of API is a. American Petroleum Industry b. American Petroleum Institute c.
American Petroleum Industry d. American Petrochemical Institute
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 33
Select the most appropriate option.
America’s shale oil revolution is loosening the grip of the Organization of the
Petroleum Exporting Countries on global oil markets, moderating oil prices, and
propelling our nation toward energy self-sufficiency. Over the past four years, U.S. oil
production soared by 30 percent, and U.S. oil imports from Organization of the
Petroleum Exporting Countries members fell by 26 percent, as hydraulic fracturing
and horizontal drilling enabled energy producers to tap previously inaccessible shale
oil resources. Which of the following was not an American response to the
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries oil embargo of 1973?
1. Government support for development of alternative energy sources was increased.
2. The Alaskan pipeline was constructed to increase domestic oil supplies.
3. Domestic oil fields that had been closed as uneconomical were reopened.
4. Strategic reserves or stockpiled oil supplies were rapidly depleted.
5. Higher fuel-efficiency standards for automobiles were established.

Question 34
Select the most appropriate option.
Geographic Information System (GIS) technology has begun to change some
aspects of geologic mapping by -------
1. Providing software tools that permit the geometry and characteristics of rock bodies
and other geologic features to be electronically stored, displayed, queried, and analyzed
in conjunction with a seemingly infinite variety of other data types
2. Means of contours the varying thickness of the rocks intervening between two
reference planes, commonly bedding planes or surfaces of unconformity
3. The real extent and thickness variation of a stratigraphic unit; used in geological
exploration for oil and for underground structural analysis
4. None of the above

Question 35
Choose the right option - The question may have more than one correct answer
Favourable temperature for natural gas hydrates can be :
1. Natural gas hydrates formation, land environment, non favourable temperature and
pressure conditions, and very small quantity of natural gas provide the necessary
conditions.
2. Natural gas hydrates formation, deep sea environment, favourable temperature and
pressure conditions, and very large quantities of natural gas provide the necessary
conditions.
3. The hydrates formation can start close to the sea floor and may continue up to a depth
of 300-400 metres. One cubic meter of gas hydrates represents 164 cubic meters of gas
and 0.8 cubic meter of water at Standard Temperature Pressure
4. The hydrates formation can start close to the above sea and may continue up to a height
of 1000- 1200 metres. One cubic meter of gas hydrates represents 1456 cubic meters of
gas and 3.6 cubic meter of gas at Standard Temperature Pressure
Question 36
Select the most appropriate option.
Which of the following statement best describes tight gas?
1. Tight gas exists in underground reservoirs with microdarcy-range permeability and has
a huge future potential for production. Tight gas normally occupies a multitude of
small cavities that do not communicate with one another, and in the past a great many
wells had to be drilled in a field in order to access much of the gas – obviously a costly
procedure.
2. Tight gas generally requires the use of costly rock fracturing techniques and/or
horizontal drilling. Such techniques are still evolving and their effectiveness is
increasing, but they will always be more costly than conventional drilling.
3. Tight gas is formed from the slow decomposition of biomass over the span of millions
of years.
4. None of the above

Question 37
Select the most appropriate option.
The greatest damage to the environment caused by oil extraction is from -----------. A.
The drilling B. Road construction and infrastructure development C. The
development of the market in a new country D. The remediation and relocation E.
The initial logging
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d
5. Only e

Question 38
Select the most appropriate option.
The American Petroleum Institute gravity (API gravity) is a measure of how ---------- a
petroleum liquid is compared to -----------. a. Heavy or Light, Water b. Heavy, Water
c. Light, Water d. Heavy or Light, Kerosene
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 39
Select the most appropriate option.
Which of the following is/are common reservoir rocks.
1. Sandstone
2. Limestone
3. Source rock
4. All of the above

Question 40
Select the most appropriate option.
The use of fossil fuels such as petroleum has a negative impact on Earth's
biosphere, releasing pollutants and -----------gases into the ---------- and damaging
ecosystems. a. Carbon, Air b. Greenhouse, Water c. Greenhouse, Air d. Carbon,
Water
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d
Question 41
Select the most appropriate option.
Read the following statements and tell which of the mentioned option is CORRECT:
1. Digboi is now Headquarter of Assam Oil Division of Indian Oil Corporation Limited.
2. The Digboi oil field produced close to 7,000barrels/day of crude oil at its peak,
which was during World War II. a. True, True b. True, False c. False, True b. False,
False
1. a is correct
2. b is correct
3. c is correct
4. d is correct

Question 42
Fit the best option
porosity
The refers to the percentage of total volume of a material that is occupied
by voids or air spaces that exist between the rock grains.
Question 43
Select the most appropriate option.
In the concept of Formation Evaluation a Drilling means: a. Drill well and Mud
logging b. Drill cuttings examination and Coring Measurements while Drilling c. a and
b d. None of these
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 44
Select the most appropriate option.
In the concept of Formation Evaluation a Analysis means: a. Core analysis b.
Laboratory studies c. Surface gamma ray d. a, b and c
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 45
Select the most appropriate option.
Digboi is known as the ------- of Assam where the first oil well in ------- was drilled. a.
Petroleum City, Asia b. Oil City, Asia c. Oil City, India d. Petroleum City, India
1. a is correct
2. b is correct
3. c is correct
4. d is correct

Question 46
Fit the best option
In geology, the study of the structure and processes involved in the formation of salt
halokinesis
domes; salt tectonics is known as
Question 47
Select the most appropriate option.
What is meant for commercial extraction of oil? a. Commercial Production b.
Exploratory Drilling c. Development of Drilling d. Commercial Production
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 48
Select the most appropriate option.
The geochemical methods are based on the assumption that hydrocarbons found in
an oil pool tend to migrate -------------- because of their having a ----------- density and
some of their molecules may reach the surface. a. Upwards, lower b. Upwards,
higher c. downwards, higher d. downwards, lower
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 49
Select the most appropriate option.
Read the following statements and tell which of the mentioned option is CORRECT:
1. The current production from the Digboi oi fields is about 240 barrels/day. 2. Over
1,000 wells have been drilled at Digboi. a. True, True b. True, False c. False, True b.
False, False
1. a is correct
2. b is correct
3. c is correct
4. d is correct

Question 50
Select the most appropriate option.
Petroleum accumulations probably require long period of time to form, particularly in
reservoirs of
1. high permeability
2. low permeability
3. increasing permeability
4. decreasing permeability

Question 51
Select the most appropriate option.
By selecting good -------------, seismic data quality can improve and by selecting good
access to seismic lines, environmental impact and safety risks are minimized. a.
Offset locations, Seismic quality b. Sourceoffset locations, Seismic data quality c.
source locations, data quality d. None of these
1. Only a
2. Only b
3. Only c
4. Only d

Question 52
Fit the best option
trap
A consists of an impervious stratum that overlies the reservoir rock thereby
prohibiting hydrocarbons from escaping upward and laterally
Question 53
Choose the right option - The question may have more than one correct answer
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has also advised State Government from time
to time:
1. To ensure upliftment of fuel by the whole-sellers from oil companies as per upliftment
pattern.
2. To identify loopholes in the distribution system and to review scale of distribution
3. Regular and surprise Inspection of retail outlets
4. Furfural doping of Public Distribution System Kerosene and Blue dyeing of kerosene

Question 54
Choose the right option - The question may have more than one correct answer
The major elastomers developed during mid-twentieth century is/are
1. Poly-chloroprene
2. Poly isobutylene
3. Polyvinyl chloride
4. Poly-ethylene terepthalate

Question 55
Choose the right option - The question may have more than one correct answer
Which of the following statements are true?
1. Lignite has a carbon content of less than 90 percent.
2. Anthracite has a carbon content of 60-75 percent
3. Acid rain is caused by burning coals with a high sulphur content.
4. Coal originated from the decay of micro-organisms in the sea.
5. Oil originated from the decay of vegetation in the Carboniferous Period.

Question 56
Select the most appropriate option.
Unsought Products are consumer products that the consumer either does not know
about or knows about but does not normally think about buying. These products
require a lot of advertising, personal selling, and other marketing efforts.
1. Shopping Products
2. Specialty Products
3. Unsought Products
4. Line Extensions