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Lecturer Name Remarks

Title: Turnitin / Similarity %-
Student Name / UiTM ID Group No

Guidelines Level Very Poor Satisfactory Good Excellent

Scale 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10

PO PART Assessment Criteria (Report) Weight Scale Total=

(w) (y) w*y
Content/ Diagrams/Figures/ Discussion and Conclusion
PO7 I. Introduction. The effect to human society, 10
world, health, culture, legal etc.
PO7 II. Suggestion/Solution and challenge for 40
implementation and support United Nation
Sustainable Goal
PO7 III. Identify potentials un-ethical problems and 10
suggestions to overcome (Do’s and Don’ts)
PO7 IV. Format, Language and Organization, 10
References and citation
PO7 V. Promote information for public awareness 30
TOTAL 100%


Sustainable development problem is consisting of multiple topic such as pollution, green

building, energy, food, biodiversity, transportation, biomedical and natural disaster. Natural
disaster is an incident that occur beyond human control which mean it is unpredictable and
uncontrollable, the natural disaster may cause loss of life, loss of property and effect the economy
in the stricken area that can contribute to slow development of the area.

Today, sustainability is stressed over tolerating that nature and the earth are not a vast
resource therefore, it is vital to guarantee them and use them sensibly. Sustainability propels social
enhancement, searching for association among systems and social orders to achieve pleasant
dimensions in close to home fulfillment, prosperity and guidance. Moreover, sustainability focuses
on equal money related advancement that makes wealth for all without harming nature. Next,
sustainability is headway that satisfies the necessities of the present without exchanging off the
limit of who and what is to come, guaranteeing the concordance between budgetary advancements,
care for nature and social thriving. At that point, feasible improvement is a thought that appeared
unprecedented in 1987 with the generation of the Brundtland Report, forewarning of the negative
natural consequences of monetary advancement and globalization, which endeavored to find
possible responses for the issues caused by industrialization and masses advancement.

The design efficiency of green building is one of the examples of the sustainable
development problems. In designing environmentally ideal structures, the goal is to limit the
aggregate natural effect related with all life-cycle phases of the building venture. The Leadership
in Energy and Environmental design (LEED) Green Building Rating System, established in 1998,
finally began to receive some mainstream media coverage. And in the midst of this proliferation
of new, more environmentally conscious building practices, a clearer picture of the real-world
challenges and potential pitfalls they present has emerged. A sustainable building, or green
building is an outcome of a design philosophy which focuses on increasing the efficiency of
resource use of energy, water, and materials while diminishing building impacts on human
wellbeing and the earth amid the building's lifecycle, through better siting, structure, development,
activity, maintenance, and removal. Though green building is translated in a wide range of ways,
a typical view is that they ought to be planned and worked to lessen the general effect of the
fabricated condition on human wellbeing and the common habitat by efficiently using energy,
water, and other resources, protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity, and
reducing waste, contamination and natural corruption.

A building designed to be naturally right by utilizing assets proficiently, utilizing inner

reusing, sustainable power sources, recyclable or biodegradable development materials, and
mixing in with the nearby condition, especially in away areas. The points are to lessen to a base
the ecological effect, and to think about human wellbeing factors. A comprehensive process of
design and construction that employs techniques to minimize adverse environmental impacts and
reduce the energy consumption of a building, while at the same time adding to the wellbeing and
profitability of its inhabitants.

While the fame of building green takes off, there are difficulties that risk managers, developers,
and property proprietors must consider. There are many challenges that have been faces in
sustainable development to develop design efficiency of green building. The challenges are as the
following below:

1) High replacement costs

A considerable lot of the materials important for building green accompany a more
expensive rate tag. For instance, if a LEED affirmed assembling continues harm following
a tempest, property proprietors ought to hope to pay more to hold its vitality effective
LEED status than it may cost to supplant the working to non-LEED details. Different
components that can possibly expand the expense to modify are the way that green building
materials are harder to stop by and new parts could be constrained by geographic area.

2) Resistance to change
“New” implies risk and vulnerability. Motivating individuals to open up and grasp change
is dependably a test, especially when it includes the venture of their capital. Culture and
mentality play a critical job in implementing green practices. People are used to working
in a certain way, building in a certain way, using the same techniques, materials and
products with which they’re familiar.

3) Lack of integrated design

The biggest challenge and the thing that could provide solutions to all of these challenges
if initiated correctly is integrated design. In other words, much of today’s construction still
relies upon multiple entities all working independently of each other until forced to work
together due only to project overlaps. All of these entities need to be fully integrated,
forming synergistic strategies to create benefits greater than the sum of the individual
design decisions. When environmental design issues are tackled on an as-they-come basis,
it gives the perception of everything being an additional step. Thus, the cost of greening a
building becomes perceived as expensive,

According to the World Commission on the Environment and Development, sustainability is a

form of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable design shares that enormous picture perspective
of how our decisions influence more than the present. Effective sustainable design is a
comprehensive approach to selecting and integrating products and processes that account for long-
term consumer satisfaction and environmental conservation. Sustainable design is tied in with
building the future, not only a structure.

There are many solution on how to develop design efficiency of green building. Sustainability is
as much about process all things considered about item. Seeing sustainable design as a process
empowers “green” designers to better evaluate and anticipate the natural, practical and social
effects and expenses of building items. Bigger-picture evaluations at the start of a project lead to
better long-term decisions and that leads to greater overall success. Programs like Better
Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES) and industry-certification programs like
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design can help you design more effectively with
sustainability in mind. This can be one of the solution for design efficiency green building.

Next, Green education should be applied in school or university for the future generation. When
children grow up in green schools and healthier environments, they naturally develop a sense of
environmental responsibility and it becomes part of their way of life. And it is the same goes to
university level. Architectural and engineering education lack emphasis on sustainable design. We
need to encourage the development of technical skills such as energy simulation, passive solar and
day-lighting design, and make them part of the way we design buildings. Doing so now will
directly lessen the resistance to change moving toward the future.

To handle the cost related issue, the coverage of government incentives needs to be widened to
incorporate the usage of green products and technologies. In addition, a project management
framework for green building construction has to be developed to remove any existing barriers,
possibly promoting adoption of sustainable construction in future projects.