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# EdExcel Core 3

Differentiation

Topic assessment
1. Using the chain rule, differentiate (x2 – 1)6. 

## 3. Show that the gradient of y = (x2 – 1)(x – 2)3 is given by

dy
= ( x - 2)2 (5 x 2 - 4 x - 3) 
dx

x -1
4. Find the gradient of the curve y = at the point where x = 2. 
x2 - 3

5. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y = ln(3x – 5) at the point where
x = 3. 

6. Show that the curve y = x – ln x has one turning point only, and give the
coordinates of this point. 

## 7. A curve has y = e 2 x cos x .

(i) Show that the turning points of the curve occur at the points for which
tan x = 2 . 
(ii) Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the point for which x = 0. 

## 8. For the curve y = x 2 e - x ,

(i) Write down the co-ordinates of the point(s) where the curve cuts the
coordinate axes. 
(ii) Find the gradient function for the curve and hence the co-ordinates of any
turning points, distinguishing between them. 
(iii) Describe the behaviour of the graph for large positive and large negative
values of x. 
(iv) Sketch the curve. 

9. Three pieces of wire are cut and used to make two equal circles and a square. The
total length of wire used is 100 cm. If the radius of each circle is x cm and the side
of the square y cm:
(i) Write down an equation that connects x and y and simplify as far as possible.

(ii) Write down an expression for the total area enclosed, A, in terms of x and y.

(iii) Eliminate y from your expression in (ii) using a substitution from your
equation in (i) and hence express A in terms of x only. 
(iv) Find a value for x that will minimise A. 

Total 60 marks
Solutions to Topic assessment

## © MEI, 04/11/08 1/6

EdExcel C3 Differentiation Assessment solutions

1. y = ( x - 1)
2 6

du
Let u = x - 1 � = 2x
2

dx
dy
y = u6 � = 6u5
du
dy
du dy
=
� = 6u5 �2x
Using the chain rule: dx du dx
= 12x( x2 - 1)5


1
2. y = cosec x = = (sin x)-1
sin x
du
Let u = sin x � = cos x
dx
dy 1
y = u-1 � = -u-2 = - 2
du u
dy
du 1 dy cos x
=
� = - 2 �cos x = -
dx du dx u sin2 x
Using the chain rule:
1 cos x
=- � = -cosec x cot x
sin x sin x



3. y = ( x - 1)( x - 2)
2 3

du
Let u = x - 1 � = 2x
2

dx
dv
Let v = ( x - 2) � = 3( x - 2)2
3

dx
dy dv du
=u +v
dx dx dx
= ( x - 1)�3( x - 2)2 + ( x - 2)3 �2 x
2

## Using the product rule:

= ( x - 2)2 �
3( x2 - 1) + 2 x( x - 2)�
� �
= ( x - 2) (3x - 3 + 2 x - 4 x)
2 2 2

= ( x - 2)2(5 x2 - 4x - 3)



## © MEI, 04/11/08 2/6

EdExcel C3 Differentiation Assessment solutions
x- 1
4. y =
x2 - 3
du
Let u = x - 1 � =1
dx
dv
Let v = x - 3 � = 2x
2

dx
du dv
dy-u v
= dx 2 dx
dx v
( x - 3)�1 - ( x - 1)�2 x
2
=
Using the quotient rule: ( x2 - 3)2
x2 - 3 - 2 x2 + 2x
=
( x2 - 3)2
- x2 - 3 + 2x
=
( x2 - 3)2
-22 - 3 + 2 �2 -4 - 3 + 4
When x = 2, gradient = = = -3 .
(22 - 3)2 12



y = ln(3x - 5)
5. dy 1 3
= �3 =
dx 3x - 5 3x - 5
3 3
When x = 3, gradient = =
3�3 - 5 4
When x = 3, y = ln(3 �3 - 5) = ln4 = 2ln2
y - 2ln 2 = 43( x - 3)
Equation of tangent is 4y - 8ln2 = 3x - 9
4y = 3x + 8ln 2 - 9



y = x - ln x
6. dy 1
= 1-
dx x
1
1- =0
x
At turning points, 1
=1
x
x= 1
The only turning point is at x = 1.
When x = 1, y = 1- ln 1 = 1- 0 = 1
The turning point is (1, 1).

## © MEI, 04/11/08 3/6

EdExcel C3 Differentiation Assessment solutions


7. (i) y = e cos x
2x

du
Let u = e = 2e2 x
2x

dx
dv
Let v = cos x � = - sin x
dx
dy
Using the product rule: = -e2 x sin x + 2e2 x cos x
dx
-e2 x sin x + 2e2 x cos x = 0
At turning points, sin x = 2cos x
tan x = 2


dy
(ii) = -e2 x sin x + 2e2 x cos x
dx
When x = 0, gradient = -e0 sin0 + 2e0 cos0 = 2
Gradient of normal = - 21
When x = 0, y = e cos0 = 1
0

y - 1 = - 21( x - 0)
2( y - 1) = - x
Equation of normal is
2y - 2 = - x
2y + x = 2


2 -x
8. (i) y = x e
When x = 0, y = 0.
The only point where the curve cuts the axes is (0, 0).


du
Let u = x = 2x
2
(ii) �
dx
-x dv
Let v = e � = -e- x
dx
dy
Using the product rule, = - x2e- x + 2 xe- x = xe- x(2 - x)
dx
-x
xe (2 - x) = 0
At turning points,
x = 0 or x = 2
When x = 0, y = 0
4
When x = 2, y = 2
e

2

## © MEI, 04/11/08 4/6

EdExcel C3 Differentiation Assessment solutions

## dy -ve +ve -ve

dx
� 4�
From table, (0, 0) is a minimum point and �2, 2 �is a
� e �
maximum point.



## (iii)When x is large and positive (e.g. x = 100). y is close

to zero.
When x is large and negative (e.g. x = -100), y
becomes very large and
positive.


�2, 4 �
(iv) � 2�
� e �



## 9. (i) Wire used for square = 4y

Wire used for each circle = 2p x
� 4y + 4p x = 100
Total length is 100 cm � y + p x = 25


Area of square = y
2
(ii)
Area of each circle = p x2
Total area is given by A = y + 2p x
2 2


(iii)From (i), y = 25 - p x
Substituting into expression in (ii): A = (25 - p x)2 + 2p x2


(iv)The expression for A is quadratic, with positive term in
x², so the turning
point is a minimum point.

## © MEI, 04/11/08 5/6

EdExcel C3 Differentiation Assessment solutions
dA
= 2(25 - p x)�-p + 4p x
dx
= -2p(25 - p x) + 4p x
-2 p (25 - p x) + 4 p x = 0
-25 + p x + 2x = 0
At stationary point, (2 + p )x = 25
25
x=
2+ p
25
Therefore x = minimises the value of A.
2+ p