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I wake up at 7 every day

Daily activities

Vocabulary

Adverbs of frequency

Here are some very simple adverbs for expressing time. All of them refer to frequency. These adverbs
are used with Present Simple. They are called adverbs of frequency.

always întotdeauna
usually de obicei
regularly în mod regulat
normally în mod normal
often deseori
sometimes uneori
occasionally ocazional
rarely rareori
seldom rareori
never niciodată

We will continue with: several nouns expressing periods of time, then with times of the day, days of
the week, months of the year, seasons, adverbs and, finally, verbs expressing daily activities.

Nouns – Periods of time

day zi
week săptămână
weekend sfârșit de săptămână
month lună
year an
season anotimp
Times of the day

morning dimineață
afternoon după-amiază
evening seară
night noapte
midday miezul zilei
midnight miezul nopții

Days of the week

The days of the week are always written in capital letter.

Monday luni
Tuesday marți
Wednesday miercuri
Thursday joi
Friday vineri
Saturday sâmbătă
Sunday duminică

Months of the year

The months of the year are always written in capital letter.

January ianuarie
February februarie
March martie
April aprilie
May mai
June iunie
July iulie
August august
September septembrie
October octombrie
November noiembrie
December decembrie

Seasons

spring primăvară
summer vară
autumn toamnă
winter iarnă
Adverbs

every day în fiecare zi

daily zilnic
weekly săptămânal
monthly lunar
yearly anual

once o dată
twice de două ori
three times de trei ori

Verbs – Daily activities

(to) wake up (a) (se) trezi


(to) take a shower (a) face un duș
(to) brush one's teeth (a) (se) peria pe dinți
(to) brush one's hair (a)(-și) peria părul
(to) wash one's face (a) (se) spăla pe față
(to) shave (a) (se) bărbieri
(to) get dressed (a) (se) îmbrăca
(to) eat breakfast (a) lua micul dejun
(to) drink a coffee (a) bea o cafea
(to) read the newspaper (a) citi ziarul
(to) leave for work (a) pleca la lucru
(to) go to work (a) merge la lucru
(to) get on the bus (a) se urca în autobuz
(to) ride the bus (a) merge cu autobuzul
(to) get off the bus (a) coborî din autobuz
(to) drive the car (a) conduce mașina
(to) work (a) munci / (a) lucra
(to) take a break (a) face o pauză
(to) return home (a) se întoarce acasă
(to) do the daily shopping (a) face cumpărăturile zilnice
(to) take a nap (a) trage un pui de somn
(to) go for a walk (a) merge la plimbare
(to) go out (a) ieși în oraș
(to) meet with friends (a) se întâlni cu prietenii
(to) watch TV (a) se uita la TV
(to) go to bed (a) merge la culcare
(to) sleep (a) dormi
Grammar

1. Present Simple is the tense that refers to: repeated actions, preferences, general truths
and scheduled events.
2. Present Simple requires the first form of the verb. (Verbs have three forms. You will learn about
them in the following lessons.)

When do I use Present Simple?

Present Simple is used for repeated actions, preferences, general truths and scheduled events.

• repeated actions – daily routine: I wake up at 7 every day.


• repeated actions – habits: I usually swim at the weekend.
• likes and dislikes: I like horror movies.
• general truths: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
• generalizations: People talk too much.
• scheduled events: The plane takes off at 9.

How do I recognize Present Simple?

Present Simple is often marked by explicit or implicit adverbs or time expressions that indicate
frequency.

• always, usually, regularly, normally, often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely, seldom, never
(adverbs of frequency)
• every day = daily, every week = weekly, every month = monthly, every year = yearly
• once a day, twice a week, three times a month, four times a year
• in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at night
• on Mondays, on Thursdays, on Saturdays etc.
Affirmative / Interrogative / Negative

Read the sentences in the next table. They are at Present Simple. Then read the following section –
How do I form Present Simple? – to understand how Present Simple works in the affirmative,
interrogative and negative forms.

Affirmative Interrogative Negative


1st person I wake up at 7 every Do I wake up at 7 every I do not wake up at 7
Singular day. day? every day.
nd
2 person You like apples. Do you like apples? You do not like apples.
Singular
3rd person He plays football on Does he play football on He does not play
Singular Tuesdays. Tuesdays? football on Tuesdays.
She travels in summer. Does she travel in She does not travel in
It takes off at 9. summer? summer.
Does it take off at 9? It does not take off at 9.
st
1 person We pay our bills Do we pay our bills We do not pay our bills
Plural monthly. monthly? monthly.
2nd person You eat twice a day. Do you eat twice a day? You do not eat twice a
Plural day.
rd
3 person They usually ski in Do they usually ski in They do not usually ski
Plural December. December? in December.

How do I form Present Simple?

Affirmative

Subject + Verb I + (...)


e.g.: I (subject) wake up (verb) at 7 every day.

1st person, sg. → I read daily. 1st person, sg. → I often watch TV.
3rd person, sg. → He reads daily. 3rd person, sg. → He often watches TV.

Remember that:

• For the 1st person (sg. and pl.), the 2nd person (sg. and pl.) and the 3rd person pl., the verb has
the same form. Only the 3rd person sg. functions differently.
• The verb is used in its first form, e.g.: I read. The first form is the infinitive form without to. At
the 3rd person sg., we add an s at the end of the verb, e.g.: He reads.
• Some verbs take an es (instead of an s) at the end for the 3rd person sg., e.g.: He watches
TV.
• The verbs to be and to have behave differently: a) See how to use the verb to be; b) The verb
to have has an irregular form for the 3rd person sg. → He has an apple.

Interrogative

Do / Does + Subject + Verb I + (...) + ?


e.g.: Do I (subject) wake up (verb) at 7 every day?

1st person, sg. → Do I read daily? 1st person, sg. → Do I often watch TV?
3rd person, sg. → Does he read daily? 3rd person, sg. → Does he often watch TV?

Remember that:

• In interrogative sentences, we use the auxiliary verbs do or does.


• We use do for the 1st and 2nd persons (sg. and pl.) and for the 3rd person pl.. We use does for
the 3rd person sg..
• In interrogative sentences, we do NOT add s or es at the end of the verb for the 3rd person
sg..
• The short answer for a Present Simple question is:
o Affirmative: Yes, I do (for I, you, we, you, they) or Yes, he does (for he, she, it)
o Negative: No, I don't = No, I do not (for I, you, we, you, they) or No, he doesn't = No,
he does not (for he, she, it)

Negative

Subject + Do Not / Does Not + Verb I + (...)


e.g.: I (subject) do not wake up (verb) at 7 every day.

1st person, sg. → I do not read


daily. 1st person, sg. → I do not watch TV often.
3rd person, sg. → He does not 3rd person, sg. → He does not watch TV often.
read daily.

Remember that:

• In negative sentences, we use the auxiliary verbs do or does and the adverb not.
• We use do not for the 1st and 2nd persons (sg. and pl.) and for the 3rd person pl.. We use does
not for the 3rd person sg..
• In negative sentences, we do NOT add s or es at the end of the verb for the 3rd person sg..
• The short form of do not is don't. The short form of does not is doesn't. e.g.: I don't like
horror movies. He doesn't like action movies.

Adverb placement

• Place adverbs after the subject and the verb. e.g.: I walk every day. Do I walk every day? I
don't walk every day.
• With adverbs of frequency, things are a bit more complicated. It's best to learn their placement
through practice. Listen to the audio tutorial in this lesson.

Surprise!

• The first form of the verb is also called the present simple form. We also refer to it as to the
infinitive form.
• Seldom is the more formal equivalent of rarely.
• We use phrasal verbs (verbs with more than one element) in the 3rd person sg. like this:
He wakes up at 6.
It takes off at 9.

We add s or es at the end of the main verb, not at the end of the entire phrasal verb. More
details..

• The first exercise in the Exercises section is a reading exercise. Read it carefully – it is the first
step in getting familiar with Present Simple.
Exercices

Exercise 1

Read the following texts. Pay attention to the verbs. Listen to the audio tutorial in this lesson,
to learn the correct pronunciation.

I wake up at 7 every day. I take a shower and brush my teeth. Then, I eat breakfast. Why do I brush
my teeth before I eat breakfast? I don't know – It's just a habit. At 8, I drink a coffee and I read the
newspaper. Then, I go to work. I always leave for work at 8.30. I don't have a car, so I ride the bus to
work. I work from 9 to 5. I often have a break at midday. I return home at 5.30 in the afternoon and I
do the daily shopping. Sometimes, I take a nap. I rarely go out in the evening. Usually, I read a book
or watch TV. I go to bed at 11 regularly and I sleep until 7 in the morning.

Your daily routine is different. You are a writer. You don't have a fixed schedule. You wake up
whenever you wish. You go for a walk and you drink a coffee in a café. Then, you return home. You
read a lot and write a lot. You like to do something different each day, so you don't actually have a
routine. You go to the theatre, you visit museums, you travel to surrounding cities and villages. You
occasionally attend conferences and TV shows. Do you publish books often? Yes, you do. You publish
a new book at least once a year.

Brian and Ruby are husband and wife. They like to play sports. They play sports daily. Ruby likes
tennis best. Brian prefers football. They often go to the sports center. Ruby plays tennis with Clara and
Brian plays football with Jeremy and other friends. In winter, Brian and Ruby go to the mountains.
They like skiing very much. In summer, they travel to the seaside. Brian doesn't like the seaside so
much, but Ruby loves to sunbathe there. He takes pictures of the ships and she goes to the beach.
Does she like to swim? Yes, she does, but she prefers to swim in a swimming pool, not in the sea.
She hates all sea plants. She has more fun in the swimming pool.

Brian and Ruby have a cat. Its name is Foxie. They don't like dogs so much. Foxie normally sleeps
almost all day long. Cats are quiet pets. They don't need a lot of attention. Do Brian and Ruby have a
child? Not yet. They are not ready. They don't even have a dog.

We are Jeremy and Clara. We are students. I study Physics and Clara studies Chemistry. Do we like
human sciences? No, we don't. That's why we study exact sciences. We are always rational or, at
least, we like to think so. Clara is a woman, so it is more difficult for her.

You are Brian and Ruby. You are our friends. You visit us at the weekend. On Saturday night, we all
dance at the disco. We never return home earlier than 3 o'clock in the morning.
Exercise 2

In this exercise, we will practise the adverbs of frequency. Complete the translations of the
following Present Simple sentences:

1. Mă trezesc întotdeauna la 7.
I wake up at 7.
2. Te trezești, de obicei, la 8.
You wake up at 8.
3. El se trezește adesea înainte de 6.
He wakes up before 6.
4. Ea se trezește uneori după 11.
She wakes up after 11.
5. Ocazional, pisica mea se trezește când mă trezesc și eu.
My cat wakes up when I do.
6. Ne trezim rareori la prânz.
We wake up at midday.
7. Vă treziți rareori în cursul nopții.
You wake up during the night.
8. Niciodată nu se trezesc devreme dimineața.
They wake up early in the morning.
9. Faci exerciții dimineața în mod regulat?
Do you exercise in the morning ?
10. Ei nu joacă, în mod normal, baschet iarna.
They don't play basketball in winter.
11. El studiază de obicei noaptea?
Does he study at night?
12. În mod normal, ea nu are cursul acesta în ziua de joi.
She doesn't have this course on Thursday.
13. Uneori, duminica, stăm în pat toată ziua.
On Sundays, we stay in bed all day long.
14. Voi mergeți rareori în vacanță în iunie.
You go on holiday in June.
15. De obicei, el nu mănâncă de trei ori pe zi.
, he doesn't eat three times a day.
16. Acest tren nu pleacă niciodată la timp.
This train leaves on time.
17. În mod normal, îmi displac filmele, dar, ocazional, îmi place să văd filme de
acțiune.
I normally dislike movies, but I like to watch thrillers .
18. Ne vizităm prietenii în mod regulat, dar vara ne vedem rar.
We visit our friends regularly, but in Summer we see each
other.
19. Moș Crăciun vine întotdeauna în decembrie.
Santa Clause comes in December.
20. Soarele răsare întotdeauna la est și apune la vest.
The sun rises in the East and sets in the West.

Exercise 3

This exercise is about daily activities. Choose the one that fits best.

1. I always .......... at the wrong station.


get on the bus ride the bus get off the bus
2. It is very difficult for her to .......... – she never knows what to wear.
take a nap get dressed wash her face
3. You love your bed the most in the morning, when you must ........... .
wake up return home watch TV
4. To .......... or not to ..........? – That is the question.
work shave sleep
5. My boyfriend doesn't ........... . He just pays for it.
do the daily shopping read the newspaper brush his teeth
6. I don't think they .......... daily. This place smells like onion tea.
take a break meet with friends take a shower
7. A: Does he .......... early enough? B: No, he doesn't. This can't be his normal face.
go to bed go out leave for work
8. A: Do you like to ..........? B: Yes, we do, especially on Friday.
go for a walk drive the car go to work
9. I am afraid to ........... . My hair falls out a lot and I'm too young to be bald.
wash my face brush my teeth brush my hair
10. In the evening, he ........... . Strangely, all the paths lead to his favorite pub.
does the daily shopping goes for a walk watches TV

Exercise 4

Turn the following sentences into their interrogative forms.

We remember that, at Present Simple, in the interrogative:

• we use the auxiliary verbs do or does;


• we do NOT add s or es at the end of the main verb for the 3rd person sg..

1. You eat bread daily. → you eat bread daily?


2. He often drinks wine. → he drink wine often?
3. You go to the doctor twice a year. → Do you to the doctor twice a year?
4. She plays video games weekly. → Does she video games weekly?
5. The ship leaves at 6 o'clock. → the ship leave at 6 o'clock?
6. The holiday starts in July. → Does the holiday in July?
7. They like spaghetti. → Do they spaghetti?
8. He likes oranges. → he like oranges?
9. Girls talk a lot. → Do girls a lot?
10. Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius. → water freeze at 0 degrees Celsius?

Exercise 5

Turn the following sentences into their negative forms. We will use do not and does not. They can
always be replaced with don't and doesn't.

We remember that, at Present Simple, in the negative:

• we use the auxiliary verbs do not (don't) or does not (doesn't);


• we do NOT add s or es at the end of the main verb for the 3rd person sg..

1. The plane lands at 5 o'clock. → The plane does land at 5 o'clock.


2. They wake up early in the morning. → They do wake up early in the
morning.
3. She likes fruit salad. → She not like fruit salad.
4. We like jogging. → We not like jogging.
5. Sportsmen eat healthy food. → Sportsmen do not healthy food.
6. He leaves for work at 8 o'clock. → He does not for work at 8 o'clock.
7. You go out every evening. → You not go out every evening.
8. He takes karate lessons on Tuesdays. → He not take karate lessons on
Tuesdays.
9. We take a nap in the afternoon. → We do not a nap in the afternoon.
10. She takes a break at 2 o'clock. → She does not a break at 2 o'clock.