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Energy Efficiency in Brazil

and
the Energy Efficiency Program
Regulated by ANEEL

CARLOS EDUARDO FIRMEZA ´Brasilia


Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency - ANEEL May - 2010
SUMMARY

1. Energy Efficiency in Brazil

2. Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency - ANEEL

3. The Energy Efficiency Program Regulated by ANEEL (PEE)

• Legal and Regulatory Aspects


• Extent – Distribution of Resources in the Country
• Investment and Results
• Chalenges and Perspectives
SUMMARY

1. Energy Efficiency in Brazil

2. Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency - ANEEL

3. The Energy Efficiency Program Regulated by ANEEL (PEE)

• Legal and Regulatory Aspects


• Extent – Distribution of Resources in the Country
• Investment and Results
• Chalenges and Perspectives
1. ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROMOTION
PROGRAMS IN BRAZIL
PBE 1984
National Labeling
Program - INMETRO

PROCEL 1985

1991

PEE – Utilities´ Energy Efficiency 2000


Programs

Energy Efficiency Law


(no 10.295, october 17 th - 2001) 2001
1.1. National Labeling Program –
INMETRO (National Institute of Metrology)
9Cooperation Protocol firmed in 1984 between
the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and
ABINEE, with MME intervention

9Coodenated by INMETRO and with


participation of manufacturers on WG

9Energy Savings promotion by establishment


of informative labels regarding machines and
equipments consumption

9Volunteer caracter at the beginnning

9Compulsory caracter afterwards

9Basis on specifical technical rules for each


machine/equipment
1.1. National Electricity Conservation Program -
PROCEL
Water and
Public Sanitation
Buildings 3%
3%

Public
Energy Public
Management
10%
PROCEL Lighting
3%
SUBPROGRAMS

Industrial Comercial
44% 12%

Residential
25%
1.1. National Electricity Conservation Program -
PROCEL

1. R$ 113 million / year (~ US$ 50 million)

2. Most Significant Results:

93 TWh / year of Energy Savings

9700 MW of Peek Demand Reduction


1.1. National Electricity Conservation Program -
PROCEL
• Energy Efficiency Seals

9 Created by National Decreee in 1993

9 PROCEL – National Program for


Electricity Conservation

9 CONPET – National Program for


Racional Use of Oil and Gas Derivatives

9 Awards the most efficient equipments in


each category

9 Criteria established by the respective


Program, with INMETRO
1.2. National Energy Efficiency Law
No 10.295, october 17th - 2001
9 It forbids the entrance in the market of electrical products that are not in
accordance with the minimum EE levels

9 It also establishes the evolution of maximum levels Refrigerator


1.2. National Energy Efficiency Law
No 10.295, october 17th - 2001

EQUIPMENTS:

9 Regulated: Triphase Electric Motors, CFL´s, Air-conditioners, Ovens, Stoves,


Refrigerators and Freezers

9 In Regulation Process: Water and gas heaters, Commercial and Public Buildings,

9 In Study Process: Solar Water Heaters, Electromagnetic Lamp Reactors, TFL,


Sodium Steam Lamps, Incandescent Lamps

9 Residencial Buildings: Regulation in development


SUMMARY

1. Energy Efficiency in Brazil

2. Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency - ANEEL

3. The Energy Efficiency Program Regulated by ANEEL (PEE)

• Legal and Regulatory Aspects


• Extent – Distribution of Resources in the Country
• Investment and Results
• Chalenges and Perspectives
2. ANEEL – Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica
(Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency)

“To provide favorable conditions for the electricity


market to develop in a balanced environment among
agents, for the benefit of society.”
2.1. ANEEL ATRIBUTIONS

ƒ Federal Autarchy vinculated to Ministry of Mines and Energy – MME

ƒ Created in 1996 by Federal Law No 9427

GENERATION TRANSMISSION DISTRIBUTION COMMERCIALIZATION

ATRIBUTIONS: Regulation, Mediation and Inspection


of Services and Instalations of Electric Energy

EE&C: (SPE) Regulation, Overview and Supervision of


Energy Efficiency Projects implemented by utilities
2.1. ANEEL ATRIBUTIONS

GOVERNMENT
Strategic Interests

Consummers Regulated Agents


Modicity of tarrifs Balance Adequate Remuneration
Quality of Service Contracts Observance
Guarantee of Rights Stability of Rules

Public Interest
2.2. STRUCTURE

Structure of Brazilian Energy organs related to EE&C Promotion

Ministry of Mines and Energy

Secretariat for
Secretariat for Secretariat for
Secretariat for Geology,
Energy Planning Oil, Natural Gas
Mining and Mineral
Electric Energy
And Development And Renewable Fuels
Transformation

DNPM
ANP EPE PETROBRÁS
ONS
ANEEL INMETRO
ELETROBRÁS
CPRM
SUMMARY

1. Energy Efficiency in Brazil

2. Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency - ANEEL

3. The Energy Efficiency Program Regulated by ANEEL (PEE)

• Legal and Regulatory Aspects


• Extent – Distribution of Resources in the Country
• Investment and Results
• Chalenges and Perspectives
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.1. FEDERAL LAW N˚ 9.991/2000
• Federeal Law No 9.991 (july 24th – 2000)

• Art. 1o “As concessionárias e permissionárias de serviços


públicos de distribuição de energia elétrica ficam obrigadas a
aplicar, anualmente, o montante de, no mínimo, setenta e cinco
centésimos por cento de sua receita operacional líquida em
pesquisa e desenvolvimento do setor elétrico e, no mínimo,
vinte e cinco centésimos por cento em programas de eficiência
energética no uso final...”

• I – “até 31 de dezembro de 2005, os percentuais mínimos


definidos no caput deste artigo serão de cinqüenta centésimos
por cento, tanto para pesquisa e desenvolvimento, como para
programas de eficiência energética na oferta e no uso final da
energia”

• Federal Law No 12.212 (january – 2010): I – up to


december 31th - 2015...
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.1. FEDERAL LAW N˚ 9.991/2000
1% of
To December 2014 Utilities´s Net
Revenue

0,50% PEE 0,50% R&D

~ R$ 350 million/yr
0,20% FNDCT 0,20% R&D/ANEEL 0,10% MME
(US$ 160 million/yr)

After January 2015 1% of


Utilities´s Net
1% da ROL
Revenue

0,25% PEE/ANEEL 0,75% R&D

0,30% FNDCT 0,30% R&D/ANEEL 0,15% MME


3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.2. LEGAL AND REGULATORY ASPECTS

Types of Projects Allowed

9 Commerce / Services
9 Demand Side Management
% NET EE&C 9 Educational
REVENUE PROJECTS 9 Energy Management
9 Industrial
9 Public Buildings
9 Public Services
9 Rural
9 Pilot Projects
9 Low Income Consumers
(60 % minimum)
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Consumers
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Consumers
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Consumers
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.2. LEGAL AND REGULATORY ASPECTS

9 Substitution of air conditioners


$ 9 Substitution of electric motors
9 Substitution of internal electrical
Types of EE Actions: instalation
9 Substitution of bulb lamps 9 Substitution of pumping systems
9 Substitution of fluorescent lamps 9 Demand Side Menagement
9 Substitution of refrigerators 9 Educational measures
9 Substitution of electric showers 9 Others
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Lighting
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Refrigerators
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Refrigerators

Over 30.000 refrigerators/year

60% of reduction
Examples of EE Measures
Low Income Class Refrigerators

Cooling fluid extraction


Examples of EE Measures
Educational Projects
Examples of EE Measures
Public Building
Examples of EE Measures
Industry: Motor Systems
Examples of EE Measures
Industry: Pumping Systems
Examples of EE Measures
Public Service: Pumping Systems
Examples of EE Measures
Commercial Buildin:Automation System
Examples of EE Measures
Pilot Project

→ LED used in traffic lighting


Examples of EE Measures
Pilot Project

→ Heat recoverer coupled to an electric


shower

→ Conceived under a R&D project

→ Energy Savings up to 30% to 50%


Examples of EE Measures
Demand Side Management Project
Demand Response on the
Northern Island of
Florianópolis

• During summer: 5MVA of


charge cutted out
• Overload on Transmission
Line

Most critical periods:


• December 31st
• Carnaval´s Saturday

50 thousand consumers
Examples of EE Measures
Demand Side Management Project

System Control Center

Direct Control of Charges


Energy Consumption Comunication •Air-conditioners
Infrastructure •Pool pump
•Heaters

Meters

DRU
Examples of EE Measures
Demand Side Management Project
Features of the Project:
• Electronic meter coupled
to a transponder
• Power Line
Comunication
• Smart Grid

Benefits of the Project:


• Reduction of Power
Demand during peak
periods
• Improve the Load Factor
• Consumption Education
for EE&C
• Pospone investments in
generation
Examples of EE Measures
Demand Side Management Project
Examples of EE Measures
Demand Side Management Project

• Specific tariff for each period of the day


• Information to the consumer by e-mail, cell phone, radio, etc
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.3. Range of EE&C Coverage
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.2. LEGAL AND REGULATORY ASPECTS
ANEEL Normative Resolution No 300 (feb 12th – 2008)

1. Evaluation of results instead of projects proposals


2. Flexibility for projects cronograms
3. Cost-benefict ratio equal or less than 0.8
4. Flexibility for project adjustments (physical and finantial targets)
5. Requirement of a M&V Plan (according to IPMVP)

“Art. 3º …a concessionária ou permissionária que acumular na Conta


de Eficiência Energética montante superior à soma do recolhimento
dos últimos dois anos estará sujeita às penalidades previstas na
Resolução Normativa no 063, de 12 de maio de 2004.
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: CYCLES 2000/2001 TO 2004/2005
Peek
Cost-
Approved Energy Savings Demand
Project Type Effectiv
Investment (R$) (GWh/year) Avoided
eness
(MW)
Public Lighting 374.608.281 797 175 0,48
Residential 133.474.859 930 313 0,32
Industrial 95.992.780 376 59 0,32
Public Services 91.277.906 312 118 0,45
Educational 80.878.694 90 25 0,11
Commerce/Services 59.489.341 130 30 0,21
Public Building 34.788.865 57 14 0,67
Water Solar Heating 19.406.493 n.d. n.d. n.d.
Rural 14.568.725 83 9 0,25
Losses Reduction 12.408.139 79 17 0,12
Municipal Menagement 11.470.338 n.d. n.d. n.d.
Demand Side Manag. 11.271.382 0,6 6 0,09
Total 939.635.803 2.853 765 0,37
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: CYCLES 2000/2001 TO 2004/2005

Iluminação Pública
4%
Residencial
6% 40%
Industrial
Serviços Públicos
9% Educação
Comércio e Serviços
Poder Público

10% Aquecimento Solar


Rural
Perdas
10% 14% Gestão E. Municipal

Total Invested (5 cycles): US$ 440 million


3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: CYCLES 2005/2006 AND 2006/2007
Peek
Approved Approved Energy
Demand
Project Type Investment Investment Savings
Avoided
(R$) (%) (MWh/ano)
(kW)

Residential 304.857.404,19 63,7 511.502 183.488

Public Buildings 58.054.933,90 12,1 64.786 16.525

Industrial 55.117.547,69 11,5 178.735 25.992

Public Services 26.355.705,27 5,5 38.899 7.706

Commerce/Services 22.862.519,95 4,8 27.067 6.103

Rural 6.389.850,12 1,3 7.634 3.597

Water Solar Heating 4.623.665,12 1,0 1.355 1.335

Total 478.261.626,24 100 829.979 244.746


3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: CYCLES 2005/2006 AND 2006/2007

4,78%
5,51% Residencial
Public Buildings
11,52%
Industrial
Public Services
Commerce/Services
12,14% 63,74%
Rural
Solar Heating

Total Invested (2 cycles): US$ 217 million


3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: SUMMARY
Peek Demand
Energy Savings % da net Investiments
Cycle Nº Companies Avoided
(GWh/year) Revenue (R$ x 103)
(MW)
98/99 17 755 250 1,00 196
99/00 42 1.020 370 0,75 230
00/01 64 894 251 0,50 152
01/02 64 348 85 0,50 142
02/03 64 222 54 0,50 154
03/04 64 489 110 0,50 313
04/05 64 925 275 0,50 175
05/06 63 569 158 0,50/0,25 311
06/07 61 369 138 0,25 261

5,6 TWh 1,7 GW US$ 863 million


3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: SUMMARY

RCB ≅ 0,40 or RBC ≅ 2,50

U$ 863 mi ⇒ U$ 2.157 mi
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. Projects in course: 2008-2012
Peak
Energy Demand
Savings Reduction
Tipology (MWh/year) (KW) Total Cost (R$) %

Water Solar Heating 16.081,42 14.169,28 63.000.909,30 4,95%

Low Income Consumers 854.339,40 335.108,16 801.407.932,65 62,92%

Cogeneration 69.147,60 8.619,00 63.292.825,38 4,97%

Commerce&Services 10.200,23 2.534,43 12.956.683,72 1,02%

Educational 5.428,68 1.553,62 35.650.438,35 2,80%

Municipal Energy Managem 3.546.379,59 0,28%

Industrial 11.419,38 741,99 37.987.743,13 2,98%

GLD 480,00 320,00 5.557.510,70 0,44%

Public Buildings 102.185,14 23.311,36 116.409.662,44 9,14%

Pilot Projects 8.784,97 2.384,66 8.080.389,29 0,63%

Residential 15.986,57 1.250,82 9.850.807,74 0,77%

Rural 23.629,19 11.553,32 14.913.128,52 1,17%

Public Services 103.285,40 21.417,11 100.997.604,47 7,93%


100,00
TOTAL 1.220.967,98 422.963,75 1.273.652.015,28 %

U$ 690 million
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.4. RESULTS: 2008-2012

2% 8% 1% Water Solar Heating


Low Income Consumers
Cogeneration
8% Commerce&Services
Educational
Municipal Energy Managem
Industrial

6% GLD
Public Buildings
Pilot Projects
Residential
71%
Rural
Public Services

U$ 690 million
3. THE EE PROGRAM REGULATED BY ANEEL
3.5. Chalenges and Perspectives
¾ Sustainability of EE Measures
ƒ Change of behavior and market transformation
ƒ Educational activities, trainning, management and marketing
ƒ Social and environmental responsability

¾ Enphasis on results
ƒ Extinguishment of anual programs – continuous flow of projets
ƒ Flexibility/autonomy on projects execution
ƒ Commitment with results

¾ Planning and Permanent Management


ƒ Management Structure and Investment Planning
ƒ Cooperation and adoption of best practices
ƒ Continuous Improvement
Chalenges and Perspectives

¾ Institutional alliance and sinergy between programs

¾ Flexibility and transparency on destination of resources

¾ Acuracy and reliability of data/results (M&V)

¾ Supervision and inspection of actions

¾ Evaluation and publicity of results and impacts

¾ Systematic repplication of acquired knowledge

Cooperation, Commitment and Responsability...


THANK YOU!

CARLOS EDUARDO FIRMEZA


ANEEL – Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency

ADDRESS:
SGAN – Quadra 603 – Módulos “I” e “J”
Brasilia – DF – 70830-030 - BRAZIL
TEL.: ++55 61- 2192 8078
firmeza@aneel.gov.br
www.aneel.gov.br