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Abella Third Meeting

… void marriages … is void .... there is a provision that a … of essential or formal requisites is absent, or
missing … exemptions … marriage license has .. for the solemnizing officer. So in addition, with related
to those 5 that when there is a mistake as co-identity of the parties, … there is a mistake of the identity
of the parties pwede ba yun?… diba kinakasal ka, yung parties harapan, tapos dalhin sa solemnizing
officer, are you taking this man as your husband, tapos naman yung isa are you taking this woman as
your wife? …. Sila, …. huwag mong sabihin na identical twins, hindi totoo yun, … nung highschool, …
nung panahon namin, hiwalay ang boys sa girl’s department. In short, between the two departments …
you cannot see the person except from a distance. … nandoon sa 2nd floor …

So in short, meron akong classmates, meron silang napangasawa, twins … in short, long after graduation
nung highschool, meron nang reunion, nabalitaan ko napangasawa nung dalawa kong kaklase yung isang
lalaki, yung twins. …. hindi nagkakamali

Huwag mong sabihin na mistake as identity, … kaya noon ko pa pinag-iisipan, when there is a mistake as
a co-identity, oh ano bang sinabi nang prof nyo dyan sa identity, wala namang nagsasabi … power of
attorney, hindi pwedeng sabihin na … noon ko pa pinag-iisipan yan, anyway sabi ko … also the … boy ..
also yung incestuous, iba yung incestuous sa family code san incestuous sa civil code. Magkaiba yun. Sa
family code, defined ang incestuous as relation between ascendants and descendants and also between
brothers and sisters. Kaya dalawa lang. Dati kasi ang incestuous kasama yung marriage between parties
affiliated by blood within 4th degree, lagi yan kaya ngayon define ang incestuous between ascendants
and descendants and between the brother and the sister. Maliwanag. Alright. Kaya nga kahit gaano
kalayo, ung ascendants at descendants hindi sila pwede pag-isahin. …. Meron isang greatx7 grandfather
who fell in love with his greatx3 grand daughter. Hindi mo … yung matanda gusto bata, yung bata
naman gusto matanda. So ngayon pag sinabi mong greatx3 grand daughter ….. so pwede ka nang ikasal?
Hindi pa rin, kasi pasok nga yan sa incestuous kasi between ascendants and descendants, kaya kapag
pinag-usapan ang ascendants and descendants, you don’t copy this ….. they cannot marry. At ganon din
yung brother and sister, kapag sinabing brother and sister, kahit ang isa sa inyo … hindi pwede, oh kahit
sabihin half brother or half sister, … Ngayon, also considered as void yung marriage is a certainly
contrary to public policy. Marriages with that contrary to public policy. … marriages between persons
who are related by blood within 4th degrees. Kaya ang tanong, sino ba yung mga 4th degrees na kamag-
anak natin? Well, …. Syempre yung ating tiyo at tiya. Di ba? Yung mga families na yung pamangkin
nagkaroon ng kasulatan sa tiyo at tiya …. Kaya lang hindi pwede kasi … Yung ibang 4th degree naman
sino? Kadalasan first cousins, kaya .. type ko yung pinsan … sumagot, … kasi … talagang hindi pwede … e
di pamangkin sa pinsan … pwede na yun. Maliwanag. So ano pa yung mga contrary to public policy?
Actually madali lang naman tandaan, … ang tandaan nyo yung when there seems a parent and child
relationship. Halimbawa, meron kang napangasawa, … yung wife mo yung namatay, aksidente,
nagkasakit, … Ngayon, yung mother-in-law, bata pa lang, mukhang may asim pa, gusto mo sya na
maging asawa mo, kaya in short, pinag-nasahan mo yung mother-in-law mo. Oh, pwede ba yun?
Actually, wala pang relasyon pero hindi pepwedeng pakasalan yung mother-in-law mo, baligtad naman,
father-in-law mo kasi there … a parent and child relationship kaya kahit na hindi kayo related by blood,
you couldn’t marry each other and elegible to marry, hence … kasi contrary to public policy. Ok? Alright,
so child-in-law, pero hindi ppwede. Son-in-law, child-in-law, hindi, step-parent tsaka step … hindi pwede,

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kasi .. So ano pa yung hindi pwede as contrary to public policy? Yung ano, merong adopter hindi
ppwedeng pakasalan ung adoptee … Baka ito obsession mo kabataan makapangasawa ng virgin. Sabi ko,
mag-aadopt ako, mag-aalaga ako magmula pagka-baby, kapag 8 years old na pakasalan ko. Hindi yun
pwede, kung halimbawa adoptee, ngayon yung meron akong legitimate child, kunyari ang legitimate
child ko lalaki, eh namatay na yung asawa ko …. of a daughter kaya nag-adopt ako ng estranghera, anak
ni …. So meron akong na legitimate na lalaki, meron akong tinanggap na babae, alright ngayon, hindi sila
magkadugong dalawa, ang tanong eh, kung magka-alaman sila na hindi pala sila related by blood, pwede
ba sila? Hindi? If they decided to marry, to public policy. Kaya lang ito ahh. Ito maganda, alam nyo may
advantage ang pagiging legitimate, nag-adopt ako ng babae, …. Nagka-ige sila, … pwede na ba silang
pakasal? Yes. Hindi natin … sa pagiging illegitimate,saka na lang yun … contrary to the public policy, …
between legitimate child … hindi naman sinabing illegitimate, …. Oh ngayon … hindi sila magka-dugo,
ang tanong eh can they marry each other? No, they are also considered as contrary to public policy. Also
considered as void is where one of the spouses killed his or her spouse, or the spouse and the other so
they can marry each other. So pag kasal nila, marriage is void, …… oh maliwanag. Ok ngayon, last time I
mentioned, we talked about voidable marriages, …. , uulitin ko, yang … court proceeding, … void
marriages, where any of the parties, was able to obtain an annulment of the declaration of nullity of
marriage. Alright, so meron akong …. dati, yung kasal nila napa-annul na. Ok nandito ung … ng nullity.
Ngayon, under article 52, dapat i-… up yung kanilang property … and the …. up process is a … committed
and one of the parties, … contracts another marriage, the …. void. … article 3 … Alam nyo kung titingnan
nyo parang madali pero hindi, …. Kung kayo halimbawa ikaw, may asawa, madami kayong assets,
marami rin kayong ….. then nagkaroon kayo ng annulment, declaration of nullity of marriage, o granted,
ibigay ang final, so ano ang next step, kasi part of the … means solution of the property relations, alright
so ngayon, so susunod naman payment of the creditors. Ngayon kung marami rin kayong …. It takes
time to settle properties, … kung madami din kayong utang, contested pa, halimbawa …. madami din
kayong pautang, it takes time to settle case, so if titingnan nyo yung …. kaya lang contested ang … take
time, …. your properties from previous marriage, kasi kung titingnan mo sila, … kaya yung liquidation mo
and … yung mahirap, wala kasing …. eh di walang problema, eh mataas yung liquidate. So under article
53, if there is a previous marriage, … settlement of the …. liabilities of the previous marriage even …. of
the … marriage, that subsequent marriage is void. Kaya lang may pahabol naman ang law, any child …
Tatandaan nyo, kapag nagkaroon ng annulment, declaration of nullity, susunod nyan pwede na ang
liquidation of previous properties. Kaya lang hindi pa tapos yun ahh. Pagkatapos … sir hindi naman, may
natira pa, … yung mga assets ninyo, … liabilities, …., ibibigay ninyo na iyon, presumptive … ng anak ninyo.

20:18

Dati kayong mag-asawa, hiwalay na kayo ngayon, so pinagbababayaran ninyo muna yung mga utang
ninyo, buti naman may natira pang assets, hindi pa sa inyo, mangyari nyan, ibibigay mo na yung
presumptive… ng anak ninyo kaya fully assumed ang anak especially kapag nag-iisa. Kasi kung nag-iisa ….
ako si ex huband, ito si ex-wife, ikaw yung anak, sabi ng … sa akin, yung kalahati ng state ko, anong
presumptive … ibibigay sa nanay mo? E di kalahati din. Kalahati mo, kalahati nya, so in effect sa natirang
properties namin after …. kalahati sa iyo. Anong sabi ng rules of court dun sa ex wife ko … kaya ito lang
masakit, ikaw yung parents, then ibibigay mo yung presumptive … lalo na kung lupa pa p yan, disgrasya

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…so anong gagawin mo, i-conjugate mo. So meron pang isang void marriage, … a marriage contracted by
parties are suffering from psychological incapacity. Kung tatanungin kayo, …. anong gusto nyong masabi
sa inyo, baliw/insane or psychological incapacity? Oh before that, alin ang mas mabigat? Pagiging baliw
or suffering from psychological incapacity? …. Kaya lang mas matindi pala, mas mabigat, mas masama
pala yung psychological incapity. Why? Kasi kung ikaw ay insane, kahit naka-confine ka na dun sa
national center for mental health, nagpakasal ka, kinasal mo pa din, voidable nga lang. Kaya lang kung
ikaw ay suffering from psychological incapacity, … kaya lang natigok ka … kaya lang kung nagpakasal ka,
e di other spouse wants after your marriage , pwedeng ipa-declare as nullity yung kasal on the ground
that you are suffering from psychological incapacity. Kaya lang mas masama yung suffering from
psychological incapacity kasi yung marriage mo yung buhay mo. Oh ngayon, balikan natin yung
procedure, the supreme court issued a rule of procedure … as well as declaration of nullity of marriage
… rule of procedure yan. … procedure … kung kayo ay mag-ffile ng petition for annulment or declaration
of nullity of marriage ….. ngayon meron kang isang kopya para dun sa office of the solicitor general. So
dapat meron kang extra copy ng petition …. Pagka-file mo sa court, … so pagkafile mo, meron kang
assigned number, then you have to furnish the … of the petition. Ngayon if you don’t file or you don’t
furnish a copy, the court shall …. Okay. …. ngayon pagka-file mo doon, show a file to the court, proof
that you have a certain copy of the petition to the OSG. Kaya mangyari nyan gumawa ka ng kopya for
the court, para sa’yo, sa party, sa OSG tapos another copy patatakan mo sa OSG to show that you finish
the requirement of furnishing a copy of your petition kasi kung hindi mo patatakan, i-ddismissed yan,
kaya lang kapag nag-furnished ka naman ng paper sa court, sa OSG, you also have to present proof to
the court that you are …..

26:51

…. on the responden. Ngayon yung respondent may … contest, petition for annulment or declaration for
nullity of marriage. Alright. Ngayon kapag hindi nag-file ng opposition …. kapag ordinaryong kaso, … file
a motion for the declaration of … kaya lang sa annulment declaration ….. ngayon hindi nagfile ng answer
or opposition yung respondent, so anong gagawin mo ngayon? Hindi ka pwedeng mag-file ng …. ang
gagawin mo file a motion for the court to order the … law … between the parties. Then the court will
order the prosecutor to … an investigation … to the parties. Doon sa …. of conference dun sa prosecutor,
the petitioner 28:00

28:56

Ok lang na hindi mag-appear ang respondent, after hindi sya sumagot, … dapat magpakita ka doon sa
investigation so the prosecutor won’t take the …. between the parties … walang solution between the
parties. Oh ngayon, any prosecutor, would ask any question before giving any answer. Pakinggan nyo
maigi yung tanong ko, wag pabigla bigla kasi baka yung tanong hinuhuli ka na kung mayroon produksyon
and yung prosecutor ano yan maabilidad yan, …. halimbawa, ayy misis, dba petitioner, …. hindi naman
pinagkasunduan kaya lang ang tanong pinag-usapan nyo yun lang pala … umoo ka. …. kaya ingat sa
pagsagot sa mga tanong. Kasi yung tanong pwede magkaroon ng double meaning, at yung sagot mo
naman, double meaning din kaya delikado. After the investigation, the prosecutor attest …. so wala na

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talagang … ang opposition, so kung mangyari iyon, kung ikaw yung petitioner, … what you can do is file a
motion scheduling … of your case. …. walang expanded observation of evidence ….

Ngayon walang ex-parte, ngayon kapag … ng personality, isa sa mga … halimbawa artista yung ano yung
respondent o kaya petitioner, yung solicitor general dun magpapadala yan ng solicitor to represent the
state kaya lang kung ikaw ay … wala na yan, ide-dedicate mo na lang yung authority to the prosecutor to
appeal from the state kaya lang tatandaan ninyo basta walang such state as ex-parte presentation of
evidence. Lahat ng presentation of evidence, … presence ng state, kaya nga madaming kaso sinasabay sa
criminal case …. prosecutor kaya pagkatapos ng criminal cases … declaration for nullity for annulment.

… annulment or declaration of nullity for marriage, still ang tanong kasi dun sa calendar, puro na lang
annulmentx4, puro na lang annul to marriage, ngayon …. anong ground nito? …. psychological
incapacity, mali yun, kasi kapag ang ground psychological incapacity, hindi annulment yun, declaration
of nullity of marriage. Magkaiba yun, kasi kapag sinabi mong annulment, …. kaya lang kapag ang ground
ay psychological incapacity, the law says the marriage is void, … psychologically incapacity. Kaya yung
ibang abogado, … hindi tama ang pagtawag sa kaso, kapag ang ground psychologically incapacity, wag
mong tatawaging annulment. Kung insanity yan ok lang, kaya lang kung psychologically incapacity, ano
yan, declaration of nullity. Maliwanag? Kaya ang tanong ano yung psychologically incapacity? Ang
malungkot walang definition. Mayroong pros and cons na walang definition ng psychologically
incapacity. Eh kasi kung i-dedefine, hindi ka pumasok sa definition, eh hindi psychological incapacity.
Kaya lang ang hirap ng psychological incapacity kasi yung supreme court, yung law walang limits. Yung
mga rules sa supreme court wala ding limits. Ok. Kaya ang mangyari dyan case defense. In one case,
itong psychological incapacity, in another case ….. yung lalaki sabi nya yung wife nya puro
pagsisinungaling daw, hindi nagsasabi ng totoo. Kaya sabi ng supreme court sabihin psychological
incapacity … Oh ngayon meron naman kaso si babae naman iba iba ng lalaki, may ibang kinasamang
lalaki, itong si husband naman komo declaration ng nullity, …… sabi ng supreme court hindi. Kaya kung
hahawak kayo ng …. kaso or regarding nullity and ground is psychological incapacity, dapat ang gagawin
nyong kwento, gagawin nyong dahilan …. that this constitute psychological incapacity, …. kapag nag-
appeal ang solicitor general sigurado yan …. kaya ok lang. Dapat may ruling ng RTC … pscychological
incapacity at walang makitang OSG kaya kapag nagkaroon ng appeal yan sigurado palitan. Kaya hindi ka
magkakaroon ng declaration of nullity. Maliwanag? Isa pa. Ito ahh. Kapag mayroong annulment, or
declaration of nullity, in short, may favor of ruling ang RTC. Fortunately walang …. eventually the
decision of the court becomes final …. , kung ikaw yung abogado …. hindi pa tapos ang trabaho mo.
Why? Kasi kapag naging final executory nay an, you ask the … of court to issue certificate of ….. Ngayon
kapag nakuha mo na yung certificate of …. dalawang kopya hingin mo, dalawa at humingi ka ng isang …
of court na dalawang certified true copy of the decision. Ok? Yung unang kopya ibigay mo dun sa local
civil registrar … yung pangalawa kaw na magbigay sa Philippine Statistics Authority sa dating NSO para …
yun sayo kasi kung hindi mo … baka hindi magkaroon ng record ang Philippine Statistics Authority, …
define nullity of the decision. Maraming ganyan. Tuwang tuwa sila eh no, hindi pa nadala nag-asawa ulit
tapos eh yung lumalabas, yung record ng marriage, ayun ang problema, pag mabura yon kinakailangan
… kaw na ang mag-asikaso ng dalawang certified copy ng decision, dalawang certificate ng finality, isang
kopya to consider …. kung saan kapareho ang record ng marriage. Tapos siguro meron ng record … ikaw

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na rin mismo magfile sa Philippine Statistics Authority. Maliwanag? Itinuturo ko sa inyo step by step para
kumpleto. So those are the voidable and void of marriages. … they are governed by private separate rule
of procedure issued by the supreme court. Hindi yan yung rule ng ordinary … na may sariling circular
about that rule of the procedure. Maliwanag. Alright, now, marriage ….. no ground for annulment or no
ground for declaration of nullity. Alright, so ….. anong gagawin mo, file for legal separation. Kung walang
ground for annulment, wala ding ground for declaration of nullity, kaya lang kung gusto mo na talagang
makipaghiwalay sa asawa mo, gusto mong maging … kayo then file for legal separation. Wag basta
maghihiwalay, the reason is kung basta maghihiwalay kayo, yung asawa mo nag-iintay lang na sige kapag
iniwan mo ko …. yung properties mo para pag namatay ka may mamamana pa rin kami sayo at kung ano
man yung mapupundar mo …. kaya don’t stop …. Kaya ang tanong, ano yung grounds for legal
separation? First one is repeated physical violence committed on spouse or a child of the spouse or a
common child. Repeated physical violence. Ngayon ang tanong ano ang understanding nyo ng repeated
physical violence? … Ano ang pagkakaunawa nyo ng repeated? Well, the our ordinary understanding of
repeated eh syempre pag una, halimbawa ginulpi ka ng wife mo ngayon, black and blue, … can you file
for legal separation? Not yet, una pa lang ginawa, it is said repeated, eh kung gugulpihin ka ulit the
following month, repeated na yun ….. nung una kang ginulpi ng asawa mo, year 2000, pagkatapos pag-
uwi mo ginulpi ka ulit, after 18 years, can you sue for legal separation? Hindi. Bakit hindi? …. depende
yan basta sa akin kapag inulit … Ok another ground for legal separation is compelling the spouse to
change religion or political affiliation. Alam ninyo story nyan? …. human religion. Yung family ko ginawa
yan … Corazon Aquino was president, ngayon before Corazon Aquino became president, sino bang
presidente? E di pa Marcos, ngayon nung panahon ni President Marcos, yung well kakilala nya yung mga
cabinet nya. Kaya lang nung mga panahong iyon, yung mga asawa ng mga cabinet members, nadikit yan
kay Imelda. Ayun ang totoo, sila yung mga blue ladies. Ngayon nung nagkasakit na si President Marcos,
eh yung ibang husbands dumidistansya na kasi obligado na, kaya lang because Imelda was a very
powerful and very influential, eh yung mga blue ladies naman nya dikit pa rin sa kanya. So in short, yung
mga husbands, they are distancing themselves from President Marcos …..to distance themselves from
Imelda …. so in short there were some willing to stick with Imelda kaya ayun kaya nagkaroon ng
domestic problems kasi yung mga husbands … kay Imelda so in short naging issue yan kasi gusto ng mga
mag-asawa bigyan mo ng anak that …. kaya ayun ang ginawang ground kaya lang ang akin talagang
original ground dyan kung pwedeng to change the political affiliation para hindi halata idinagdag yung
political relation. ….. So ano pa yung grounds for legal separation. So repeated physical violence, another
is using the spouse, or child of the spouse or a common child to prostitution. … in using to prostitution.
So ano pa grounds for legal separation? Drug addiction. Pag yung drug addiction was existing at the time
of the marriage or before the marriage and it was concealed yun actually is annulment of marriage but if
the addiction takes place during the marriage, … kaya lang hindi kinaya ang buhay may asawa , eh
tumikim ng shabu, yun napasarap kaya the spouse cannot take it, …. the spouse to file for a legal
separation. Also habitual alcoholism, bago mag-asawa hindi umiinom kaya nung nag-asawa na kaya lang
yung asawa tumaba ng tumaba dahil para naman gumanda ganda yung tingin ko sa asawa ko kaya
ganun. Eh umiinom lagi eh hindi matagalan na walang alcohol per day, the wife files for legal separation.
Homosexuality and lesbianism. Bago mag-asawa, machong-macho, kaya lang later, nung mag-asawa na,
nag-iiba na yung preference ng husband, lalaki na rin. Or si babae naman, …. mas gusto niya yung tibo
kaysa sa husband nya. …. So homosexuality and lesbianism which takes place after marriage is a ground

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for legal separation. So isa pa, sexual infidelity or perversity. Alright. Dati yung civil code, hindi ganyan.
Sa civil code , yun grounds for legal separation dalawa lang. … Adultery on the part of a woman, and
concubination on the part of a man. Yung ang ground under a civil code. Nagrereklamo ang mga babae,
di ba napaka-…. naman ng civil code na yan, pumatol ka sa ibang lalaki minsan at nahuli kayo that’s a
ground for legal separation. Yung mga asawa namin, alam namin, iba ibang … yan, hirap naman
makapag-file ng legal separation kasi malinaw yung law, …. part of a woman. And concubinage on the
part of the man. Kaya kung halimbawa ako yung husband, nahuli ako ng asawa ko … woman who also
married, … pwede ba sya magfile ng legal separation? Hindi. That was on the civil code. Kasi ayon sa civil
code, adultery on the part of the wife, then adultery on the part of the husband no grounds. …
samantalang husband iba2x ang babae …. kasi ang kaso, ang ground magfi-file ng legal separation
concubinage on the part of the husband. Kaya ang tanong, ano ba ibig sabihin ng concubinage? A man or
a husband having sex with another woman are not necessarily related to concubinage because under
the revised penal code, there are only three ways committing concubinage on the part of a man. That is,
bringing home another woman, ….. pagsasabungin mo lang yung dalawa, ….. iuuwi oh ano pa, having sex
with another woman under scandalous circumstances, … gawin mo sa quadrangle yan, … under
scandalous circumstances. Pangatlo, kung iiwan ko ang asawa ko to live with another woman …. pero
hindi ko iiwanan ang asawa ko para walang ground for concubinage …. may pang-lunes, martes
hanggang sabado, paiba iba pa. Pero kung medaling araw umuuwi pa rin ako. … Adultery on the part of a
woman and concubinage on the part of the husband. Naging presidente babae, kaya dun sa civil code
ginawang sexual infidelity or perversity, kaya ang tanong naman, ano pagkaunawa nyo sa sexual
infidelity. Ano pagkakaintindi nyo sa sexual infidelity? As in yung maling ginagawa pero pwede din
naman gawin,oh eh kunyari lang, si husband eh galing opisina pagod, sabi nya honey manood muna ako
ng sine, in short pumasok sa theatre yung husband, dun umupo sa pinakalikod, kasi ayaw nyang umupo
sa unahan madidisgrasya hindi mapapanood ang pelikula. Kaya lang while he is watching movie.
Napansin nya ung nakaupo sa harapan, babae at lalaki, ang likot naman ng dalawang iyan, …. nakita nya
torrid kissing, kung anong pinaghahawakan nilang dalawa, eh ngayon pagkatapos na pagkatapos ng
pelikula, … sa kwarto ng asawa nya. Can he issue legal separation on the ground of sexual infidelity kasi
nakita nya touching private parts. So ito naman, si husband pagod na pagod, so ngayon pauwi na galing
…, … eh tamang tama … isang spa … sabi nya makapagpamasahe nga muna, alright so in short, … so
after doing the usual massage, yung attendant eh gustong kumita ng extra, … sir gusto nyo ng extra
service? Tinanong naman ni husband? Anong extra service nyo? So in short, … sir …. ano pa, pwede ding
bj, sir pwede ding bm, to make it short, …. yung bm body massage dba, body massage talaga yun kaya
lang ang kakaiba ang pangmasahe sa kliyente body masahista, ….. sabi ng husband bm daw, …. manual
lang yan, ayaw nyang bj … gusto nya bm para mas masarap, oh ngayon bibi-em na sya ng attendant …
penetration, kaya yung wife biglang sumugod sa loob, inisa isa yung … huli silang dalawa, ang tanong can
she sue legal separation on the ground sexual infidelity? …. hindi ko naman pinasok, … kaya ang tanong
.. infidelity na? … dun sa libro ni Solis,sa likod meron may mga nakalagay dun na sexual perversity,
ngayon what is sexual perversity is yung ano yung oral sex. Another sexual perversity is anal sex. …. kaya
ang tinatawag dyan is sex with treachery. Kapag yan ang ginawa, ground ba yan for legal separation?
Actually wala namang problema kung may consent …. sige subukan na natin, walang problema kasi may
consent. Ang masama kung pipilitin ni lalaki. Sabi nung husband, sweet heart, yung mga kaibigan ko
nagkkwentuhan sila ng oral sex, gawin na natin, sabi ng wife ayoko nga, … takot dyan, yung makakita ng

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harapan, pag pinilit mo … that is perversity. Walang problema ….. sweetheart oral sex tayo oh, payag
naman, yung … hindi ko pa nasubukan, yung tenga mo in short lahat ng butas susubukan, masama kung
may position ….. So iyon sexual infidelity, … contracting a subsequent marriage even done abroad. Alam
nyo dati, …. naginging demanding, nagiging imposing, … dati pangako mo skin, pakakasalan mo ako,
sabihin naman ni lalaki, oo pakakasalan kita kaso kaya lang hindi pwede dito, kasi kapag dito alam mo
naman na may asawa ako, … bigamy … sabi naman ng babae eh saan mo ako papakasalan, pupunta tayo
sa Hongkong dun tayo magpapakasal. In short kung magpapakasal sa abroad, walang bigamy, …. eh kung
dito hindi, second din gusto travel abroad so criminal cases are editorial …. oh kaya sabihin nagpakasal
ka bas a ibang babae? …. pwede bang kasuhan ng bigamy ito? Hindi. …. kaya kung ikaw yung wife,
nagpakasal dito yung husband mo sa iba nonetheless … baligtad … may kaso legal separation. … improve
yung sexual infidelity, … sundan yung asawa mo sa Hongkong or else where … may presume na may
ginawa yung dalawang yun eh nagpakasal pa … eventhough not abroad. Oh tanong, within what period
should a … legal separation … ? Actually 5 years. … kung i-ccompared sa civil code iba. Civil code kasi
dalawang period ang kino-consider. Sa civil code, 4 years from the … but within 1 year of discovery.
Kaya’t sa family code, simple lang 5 years na lang from the happening of a cost. Mahirap ata yun ahh,
kung naitago pala sakin ng 5 taon, hindi na ako pwedeng mag-file ng legal separation. As a spouse, be
vigilant, civil code kasi 4 years, from time of the happening of the cost kaya lang kapag nadiskubre mo
and within that year of discovery, kaya lang nowadays in family code simply within 5 years from
happening of a cost. Kaya halimbawa kung ikaw yung …. 10 years ago, kaya lang nadiskubre mo, si
husband mo mayroong anak na 6 years old, kaya iaassume kelan ginawa ang batang yun, kelang nabuo
ang batang iyon, during the marriage. Kasi sabi 10 years ago, …. kaya presumption mo doon nangyari,
nabuo ang batang iyon during your marriage. Now you want to file legal separation? Can you
successfully sue for legal separation? Hindi na, lagpas na yung 5 taon, unless…. oo nagawa ko yan kasi
noong araw na iyon inuman kami, sa kalasingan oh yun may nagawa kami , kaya after that, one time ..
lang. Totoo naman talaga, … yung nanay ng babae,kinonfirm mo na one night stand lang … oh ayun dun
nabuo., legal separation.

1:10:12

…. Itong legal separation is governed by a separate rule of procedure… sabi ko kanina meroong one rule
procedure or annulment of marriage including declaration of nullity of marriage. Ngayon mayroong
separate rule of procedure for legal separation. Iba, hindi ito pareho nung annulment or declaration of
nullity of marriage …. prepare extra copy of …. OSG and furnish of a copy of that, wala hindi kailangan
yun kasi wala namang severance ng valid of files. … if you want to … separate lives. Oh ngayon ang
tanong eh, what are the grounds for dismissal for the complaint of legal separation. Ano yan, medaling
tandaan, C ilang c yan, consent, connivance, condonation, collusion. Another is when both parties are
given cause for legal separation. Si lalaki nanlalaki, si babae nambababae, oh kaya si lalaki nanlalalaki or
si babae nanlalalaki din, oh kaya si babae nambababae or si lalaki nambababae rin. Both parties are
given cause for a legal separation …. and the last one is restriction. Kaya madaling tandaan, apat na C,
and then yung panlima, … both parties are given cause for legal separation and yung pang-anim
restriction. Maliwanag, ngayon eto ahh, … on the spouse, on the respondents spouse. Ngayon since
respondent spouse may or may nag-contest the complaint for legal separation. Alright, if not contested,

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Abella Third Meeting

the petitioner cannot file a motion for declaration of default. Wala din default … at wala ding … ng
evidence kaya ang procedure made by the supreme court was …. fired by the respondent to the ..
complainant files instead of a motion of a default motion pareho sa file side motion of the court or a
prosecutor to the … there’s a collusion of the parties. Collusion pa rin. So the prosecutor which
scheduled a conference of the parties. Ngayon, kunwari nag-submit na ng report si prosecutor, now
ganito, pag nag-file na ng report si prosecutor, si ano naman si …. files a motion to reschedule a trial.
Kasi kapag ordinaryong kaso, para magawan ng pre-trial dapat meroong … issues, kaso dito walang … of
issues, … file a motion to schedule a pre-trial. Ngayon pag-papafile naman ng TRO, … magfi-file ng pre-
trial bid … civil cases …. pag na-default na wala nang pre-trial bid, wala ng pre-trial. Kaya nga kapag
declaration ng nullity at tsaka legal separation, … meroong pre-trial, papa-schedule na lang ng pre-trial.
… oh ngayon, …. after filing the complaint for legal separation, the spouses may already … Actually yan
din naman pinoprovide ng family code, kasi in fact before filing of the complaint for legal separation
magkahiwalay na yung mag-asawa. Kasi hindi naman … yung ground … Kaya lang ito naman, ikaw yung
agreed party and you need support. Kunyari ikaw yung wife, hindi ka na nag-ttrabaho, all the time
you’re very dependent on your husband for legal support, support of the children. Doon sa complaint
mo, mag-gawa ka ng …. for the grant of support …. Kaya ang mangyayari ayun muna ang … ng court.
Yung kaso ng legal separation, tandaan nyo ha, dun sa family code meroong provision no hearing within
the period of 6 months. Kasi .. cooling off period. Kaya lang doon sa 6 months na yon …. kaya
magkakaroon ng hearing not on the named issue but on support … Maliwanag. Alright, and there will be
no also judgment based on relation of facts. Sa ordinaryong kaso, sa file case syempre meroong
stipulation of fact sa declaration of nullity, annulment tska legal separation. Stipulation of facts
especially which constitutes the cause, wala. Kung meron mang stipulation of facts, … yun lamang the
fact of marriage o kaya the fact of who the common children act, the fact of common properties, the
fact of a common liabilities … but with respect to a cause …. Maganda sana simplified na no, … there will
be no judgment case … grounds for legal separation and also ground for declaration of nullity of
marriage. Maliwanag. So let’s say …. ground for the legal separation, so the court decrease the legal
separation of the parties and court also dissolves the conjugal parties of the … absolute immunity of the
properties. Kapag nagkaroon ng annulment, kapag in-null …. ang marriage, declaration of nullity .. kaya
kapag legal separation naman the court does not dissolve, and the marriage remains intact.

1:23:15

… then what properties .. into their renewed relationship. Kasi totoo nagkahiwalay kayo, may kanya
kanya kayong buhay … kaya lang nagkita kayo ulit, … magsama na lang kaya tayo ulit, so in short they
file, si lalaki … properties, si babae …. properties, ngayon magsasama sila ulit. Ok lang kung … dun sa
joint manifestation nila na … relationship na … sige conjugal tayo. Dun sa joint manifestation, sasabihin
ni husband, ito ang aking mga exclusive properties ahh. Sabi ko naman, ito naman yung akin ahh. Kasi
kapag conjugal properties, … exclusive to the man and to the woman. … sa mga properties na yun kasi
nga conjugal properties.