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SURVIVAL

RUSSIAN

RH
"biIKY qAZYk
KUFl8Y
Н. Б. Караванова

ГОВОРИТЕ
ПРАВiUlЬНОI
Курс русской
разговорной
речи

6-е издание, стереотипное


РУССКИЙ ЯЗЫК
КУРСЫ

Москва
2006
N. B. Karavangva

SURVIVAL
RUSSIAN
A Course in
Conversational
Russian

6st edition. stereotype

RUSSKY Yi>Z'fK
KURSY

Moscow
2006
УДК 808.2-5(075.8)-054.6
ББК 81.2Рус-923
К21

Перевод на английский язык А. Марлаmm (США)

Караванова Н. Б.
К21 Говорите правильно!: Курс русской разговорной речи (для
говорящих на английском языке). 6-е изд., стереотип.- М.:
Русский язык. Курсы, 2006.- 304 с.
ISBN 5-88337-038-1
'Учебник предназначен для широкого круга лиц, изучающих русский
язык на начальном и среднем этапах обучения.
Курс русской разговорной речи представлен в 16 уроках, охватываю·
щих самые необходимые ситуации общения: знакомство, разговор по теле­
фону, приглашение в гости и т. п.
Отличительной особенностью учебника является наличие культуроло­
гических комментариев, которые не только позволяют познакомиться с ре­
алиями русской жизни, но и учат правильно использовать предлагаемую
лексику и грамматику.
По учебнику можно работать как с преподавателем, так и самостоя­
тельно.

'У ч е б н о е и з д а н и е

Наmаяья Борuсовн.а Караван.ова

ГОВОРИТЕ ПРАВИЛЬНОI
Курс русской разговорной речи
Редактор Т.К. Будовс"ая
Корректор В.К. .яч"овс"ая
Компьютерная верстка, оформление Г.В. Вачерu"овоu

Гигиенический сертификат 77.99.02.953.Д.000603.02.04. от 03.02.2004 г.

Подписано в печать 29.03.2006. Формат 60х90/16.


'Усл. печ. л. 19. Тираж 1000 экз. Заказ N'2 624

ЗАО .русский язык. Курсы


125047, Москва, 1-.11 Тверская-Ямская ул., 18
Тел./факс: (495) 251 0845
E-mail: kursy@on!ine.ru; www://rus-lang.ru/eng/

Отпечатано в ОАО .Щербинская типография.


117623, Москва, ул. Типографская, д. 10

ISBN 5-88337-038-1 © Н. Б. Караванова, 1997


© Издательство .русский язык. Курсы., 2001
Полное или частичное репродуцирование
(воспроизведение) любым способом данно­
го издания без договора с издательством
.русский язык. Курсы запрещается.
Предисnовие

Учебник «Survival Russian» предназначен для самого широ­


кого круга лицt изучающих русский язык. Его могут использо­
вать как студенты (на начальном и среднем этапе обучеНИЯ)t так
и бизнесмеНЫt у которых мало времени для систематического изу­
чения языка. Он поможет быстро овЛ!щеть русским языком тем, кто
не имеет о нём никакого представления. Но и те, кто достаточно хо­
рошо владеет русским языком, найдут для себя много нового и по­
лезного.
Учебник состоит из 16 ypOKOBt охватывающих самые нужные
ситуации общения: знакомство, ориентация в городе, приглашение
в гости, в театр и Т.д. Урок включает:
• культурологический комментарий, объясняющий реалии рус­

ской жизни, связанные с определённой темой;


• лексику, относящуюся к данной тематике;

• грамматические таблицы и краткие грамматические коммента-

рии;
• упражнения по грамматике и на закрепление лексики;

• диалоги на заданную тему с использованием предлагаемой лек­

сики и грамматики;
• тесты, с цомощью которых можно проверить знания по дан­

ной теме.
В начале учебника даны краткий англо-русский тематический
словарь и словарь наиболее часто употребляемых глаголов, прила­
гательных, а также фразы этикета и наиболее часто встречающиеся
вопросы. Так что, если у вас совсем нет времени на русский язык,
вы можете воспользоваться только этими материалами. Кроме того,
в начале учебника даётся русский алфаВНТt а также примерные
соответствия произношения русских и английскнх звуков. В кон­
це учебника для тех, кто интересуется русской грамматикой, приво­
дятся краткие грамматические сведения о всех частях речи и
общие грамматические таблицы. Там же содержатся краткие све­
дения о русской фонетике, основные законы произношения русских
звуков.
ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

Учебник построен предельно ясно и просто, в нём нет ничего


лишнего и отвлекающего. В упражнениях и диалогах вы не встрети­
те ничего неожиданного для вас, всё предварительно дано в лекси­
ческом блоке и объяснено в грамматическом блоке. В учебнике нет
искусственно составленных текстов. Все диалоги даны на осно­
ве живой разговорной речи, а не подгоняются под какие-то кон­
струкции, как это нередко бывает в учебниках. Даже при со­
ставлении грамматических упражнений мы постарались использо­
вать самую активную лексику живой речи. Наращивание лексики и
грамматики идёт постепенно от урока к уроку. К окончанию занятий
по нашему учебнику вы будете обладать большим запасом слов и
основными сведениями по русской грамматике, сможете легко об­
щаться в любой ситуации. И что немаловажно - сможете не толь­
ко говорить, но и быть уверенными, что вы говорите правильно, а
главное - что русские вас тоже понимают правильно. Занимаясь
по этому учебнику, вы будете получать не только пользу, но и удо­
вольствие, потому что каждый день на практике будете видеть свои
реальные результаты.
В данном пособии мы попытались учесть недостатки мно­
гочисленных учебников русского языка для иностранцев. Во-пер­
вых, как правило, в учебниках русского языка для иностранцев нет
специальных лингвострановедческих или культурологических ком­
ментариев. Вы можете хорошо говорить по-русски И тем не менее
попадать в трудные положения, не зная, как вести себя в той или
иной ситуации в России (как принято говорить по телефону, вести
себя в гостях и т.д.). Отличительной и очень важной особеннос­
тью этого учебника является то, что в нём есть такие коммента­
рии. Они позволят вам не только познакомиться с русским эти­
кетом, русскими традициями, но и научат вас правильно исполь­
зовать предлагаемую лексику и грамматику. Во-вторых, необхо­
димо отметить, что перевод этого учебника на английский язык
сделан не русским переводчиком, а носителем языка, американ­
кой, много лет прожившей в России и хорошо знакомой и с русским
языком, и с реалиями русской жизни. Поэтому вы можете быть уве­
рены в точности лексических соответствий и грамматических объяс­
нений.
Как нам кажется, одним из достоинств этого учебника является
и то, что по нему можно работать не только с преподавателем, но
и самостоятельно, поскольку написан он очень доступно.
ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ 7

в заключение заметим, что учебник написан а втором, в тече­


ние многих лет работающим с иностранцами разных националь­
ностей. Автор хорошо знаком с трудностями, которые испытывают
иностранцы при изучении русского языка. Материалы учебника
были апробированы на занятиях со студентами-иностранцами из
разных стран мира, а также на занятиях с бизнесменами, работаю­
щими в Москве. Этот учебник получил самые положительные от­
зывы как со стороны преподавателей, так и со стороны студен­
тов и бизнесменов.
Итак, этот учебник мы рекомендуем всем! Если вы студент и
изучаете русский язык в своей стране, он вам будет очень полезен
перед поездкой в Россию. Если вы уже работаете или учитесь в Рос­
СИИ, он поможет вам быстрее адаптироваться к русской действитель­
ности. И наконец, если вы не изучаете русский язык, а просто инте­
ресуетесь Россией, он познакомит вас с русскими традициями, праз­
дниками, особенностями поведения русских в разных ситуациях.
Желаем успехов!
Prelace

Survival Russian: А Course in Conversational Russian is intended


for а very wide audience ofRussian language students. It can Ье used Ьу
those studying Russian at the beginning, intermediate, or advanced lev­
els, and also Ьу business реорlе who have little time for intensive study
of the language. It wi11 help реорlе who have little or по knowledge of
Russian to quickly Ьесоmе proficient. Реорlе who already knowRussian
well wi11 also find much that is new and interesting.
In this textbook, we have addressed the deficiencies of many Rus­
sian language textbooks. First, few Russian language textbooks contain
cultural commentary. One can speak Russian well, but still end ир in
awkward situations because of а lack of cultural knowledge (phone eti­
quette, being а guest, etc.). Тhis textbook wi11 not only supply уои with
background оп etiquette and traditions, but will teach уои the vocabulary
and grammar to put your cultural knowledge to use.
Next, this textbook is divided into chapters not about grammar, but
about themes covering the most essential aspects of everyday life, such
as meeting реорlе, getting around the city, shopping, etc. Each lesson
includes the following material оп а given theme:
• cultural commentary;
• vocabulary list;
• grammatical tables, commentary and exercises;
• thematic dialogues using the given vocabulary and grammar;
• quizzes to test your knowledge.
At the beginning of the textbook there is а short English-Russian
thematic dictionary with the most popular nouns, verbs, adjectives, and
phrases used when conversing оп а given theme. So if you have little time
for studyingRussian, уои can focus оп these materials. If you would lже
а more detai1ed explanation of Russian grammar or phonetics, уои тау
refer to the chapters at the end of the textbook.
Тhe textbook is laid out very clearly and simply. In the exercises and
dialogues, уои wi11 not find anything that has not been presented first in
PREFACE 9 •

the vocabulary and grammar sections. The dialogues use real, practical
speech, with none of the rare expressions frequently found in language
textbooks. The vocabulary and grammar increase gradually from chapter
to chapter, so that by the end of the book, you will have acquired a large
vocabulary and a basic introduction to Russian grammar, and you will be
able to converse with and be understood in a variety of situations. Study­
ing with Survival Russian, you will have the pleasure of seeing concrete
results with every day of practice. This textbook is intended to be used
either with a teacher or independently.
This textbook was written by an author with many years experience
teaching foreigners of different nationalities. She has published metho­
dological and scientific articles, and a Russian language textbook for for­
eigners. The author is very familiar with problems faced by foreign stu­
dents of Russian, and is convinced of the benefits of this type of text­
book. The material in this textbook has been tested at Moscow State Uni­
versity and other universities in Moscow on students of a variety of na­
tionalities and with business people from many parts of the world. The
translation for this textbook was done not by a Russian translator, but by
a native English speaker who has lived in Russia for several years. This
experience has improved the accuracy of the vocabulary, grammatical,
and cultural translations.
We recommend this textbook to everyone connected with Russia. If
you are studying Russian language in your country, it will be very useful
before your trip to Russia. If you already work or study in Russia, it will
help you quickly become proficient on a variety of everyday themes. Fi­
nally, if you are simply interested in Russia, you will learn about Russian
traditions, holidays, and etiquette for different situations.
We wish you the best of luck!
PyccHMM aniiJaBMT • The Russian Alphabet

Printed I Hand- Name of I Sound


Similar English
written I Lettet· I Sound
Aa ~a a [a] like a in "far"

E6 ?5o' 63 [6] like b in "but"

BB IJ~ B3 [B] like v in "voice"

rr J-v r3 [r] like g in "got"

)J;.A »rr ):{3 [.A] like d in "day"

Ee {e e [ib] like ye in "yet"

Ee {.e e [ifo] like yo in "your"


)I( )I( JIC~ )1(3 [)I(] likes in "pleasure"

33 J;r 33 [3] like z in "zone"

MH lfu H [H] like ee in "meet"

Mil lla short H [if] like y in "boy"

KK /[IV Ka [K] like k in "skate"

Jln vlh 3Jl [n] like 1 in "look"

MM Jj.A.b 3M [M] like m in "may"

HH ltl1/ 3H [H] like n in "not"

Oo Oo 0 [o] like or in "port"

IIrr JTrv II3 [rr] like p in "spoon"


THE RUSSIAN ALPHABET 11

Pp 3p like r in "rock"

Cc 3C [c] like s in "smoke"

TT T3 (T] like t in "tie"

Yy y [y] like oo in "moon"

<l>cp 3cp [ct>] like fin "foot"


like ch in Scottish
Xx xa [x]
"loch"
~u !l3 [u] like ts in "boots"
qq 'V q3 [q] like ch in "chair"

lllm Ub rna (III] like sh in "shell"


like sh ch in "Danish
I.l.\Il{
1414- Il{a [Il{] charter" pronounced
as one word
']) '0 hard sign

ld I:Jf/ ld (LI] like i in "kick"

b 6 soft sign

33 J~ 3 [3] like e in "bet"

1010 10 10 [iiy] like you in "youth"

Jig s~ g [iia] like ya in "yard"


AHrno-pycCHHH TeMaTH'IeCHHH cnoBapb •
• Vocabulary Reference List
People e ni6AM Clothes • DAeJHAa
boy MMh'!HK blouse 6JiyJKa
girl p;esylliKa boots canorli
man M)')K'IHHa boots 60THHKH
person '!eJIOBeK cap IminKa
woman )l(euw.uua coat (long) rraJihTO
young boy MMh'!HK coat (short) KYPTKa
young girl p;eBO'IKa coat, jacket IIH}J;)ll:l:lK
dress nmiThe
Family e CeMbH dress shoes Tyqmu
fur coat IIIy6a
brother 6paT 6piDKH
children p;eTH pants
raincoat nJiaw.
daughter )J;O'lh
OTeQ scarf lliap<P
father py6alliKa
granddaughter shirt
BHY'!Ka shorts TPYChi
grandfather p;ep;ylliKa' I66Ka
skirt
grandmother 6a6ylliKa slippers TlliiO'!KH
grandson BHYK socks HOCKH
husband MY'K stockings '!YJIKH
mother MaTh suit KOCTIDM
parents pO.L\HTeJIH gloves nep'!llTKH
sister cecTpa hat IIImina
son Ch!H jeans )J;)l(llu Chi
wife )Kena tie rarrcryK
tights KOJirOTKH
Parts of the Body • llcfCTM Tena T-shirt MllHKa
cheeks W.eKH
ears ymu Food • npoAJHTbl
eyes maJa apple H6JIOKO
eyebrows 6pOBH beer IIHBO
beet cseKJia
eyelashes peCHHQhi XJie6
JIHQO bread
face MllCJIO
butter, oil
forehead JI06 cabbage KanycTa
hair BOJIOChl cake TOPT
hand, arm pyKa candy Kou<PeThi
head rOJIOBa carrot MOpKOBh
leg nora cheese Chip
lips ry6hi coffee K6<Pe
nose HOC cucumber orypeQ
teeth 3}'6hi egg HHQO
VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST 13

fish pbi6a blanket o.n.dno


fruit <i>PYKTbi briefcase nopT<Penb
ice cream MOpO)I(eHoe carpet KOBep
juice COK ceiling TIOTOJIOK
kefir Ke<i>H:p chair C'fYJI
meat MJico chandelier JIIOCTpa
onion JiyK corridor KOpH,D.Op
orange aneJibCHH couch ,D.HBaH
pastry nHpO)I(HOe cupboard, dresser lliKa<P
pie nHp6r curtain lliTopa
potato KapT64>enb desk lamp HaCTOJibH!UI
salt COJib miMna
sausage Kon6aca dining room CTOJIOB!UI
sugar caxap door ,D.Bepb
tea qaJl: floor TIOJI
tomato TIOMH,D.Op furniture Me6enb
vegetables OBO~H house, building ,D. OM
vodka BO,D.Ka kitchen KYXH.ll
wine BHHO living room fOCTHHa.ll
Reading and Writing • mirror JepKano
e IITeHMe MDMCbMd pillow no.n.yrnKa
pillow case HliBOJIOqKa
book KHHra radio pa,D.HO
dictionary CJIOBapb
room KOMHaTa
envelope KOHBepT
TIHCbMO sheet npocTI:.nui
letter
)l(ypHan shower .n.yrn
magazine qeMO,D.RH
raJ eTa suitcase
newspaper
notebook TeTpR,D.b table CTOJI
paper 6yMara tape recorder MarHHTO<i>OH
pen pyqKa telephone Tene<P6H
pencil KapaH.n.arn television TeJieBHJop
postcard OTKpbiTKa thing (clothing) Be~b

stamp MapKa umbrella 30HT


textbook yqe6HHK VCR BH,D.eOMarHH-
TO<i>OH
Home • AoM, Haapr.tpa wall CTeHa
alarm clock 6y.D.HJibHHK watch qachi
apartment KBapTHpa window OKHO
armchair Kpecno
bag cyMKa Kitchen • KyxHH
balcony 6aJIKOH coffee grinder KO<i>eMOJIKa
bathroom BaHHa.ll cup qarnKa
bed KpOBaTb dishes nocy.n.a
bedroom CTIMbH.ll food processor KYXOHHblH
bedside table TyM60qKa KOM6aJl:H
14 AHrnO-PYCCKHR TEMATH'IECKHA cnOBAPb

fork BiiJIKa car Maw:fiHa


frying pan CKOBOpO,D;a electric train :meKTpHl!Ka
(CKOBOpO,D;Ka) metro Me-rp6
glass CTaKaH taxi TaKCH
grater Ti:\pKa train n6e3A
knife HO)I( tram TpaMBaH
napkin CaJI<lJeTKa trolley -rpOJmeti6yc
plate TapenKa
refrigerator xonO,D;HnbHHK Sports • CnopT
saucepan Kac-rpromi athlete (f.) CllOPTCMeHKa
saucer 6ni6AQe athlete (m.) CllOPTCMeH
sink pllKOBHHa ball MJI'l
spoon no)I(Ka basketball 6acKeT66n
stove nnHTa competition copeBHOB!iHHJI
tablecloth CKaTePTb hockey XOKKeH
teapot 'laHHHK soccer 4JyT66n
stadium CTa,li;HOH
Bathroom • BaHHaJI swimming nnaBaHHe
bathtub BaHHa team KOMaH,D;a
brush m;i:\TKa tennis TeHHHC
comb pacqecKa
KpaH volleyball Boneti66n
faucet
shampoo waMnyHb Culture • KynbyYpa
shower AYW actor aKTep
soap MbinO actress aKTpHca
toothbrush 3y6H!iJI IIJ;eTKa architecture apXHTeKTYpa
toothpaste Jy6H!iJI nacTa artist xy,D;6)1(HHK
towel nonoTeHQe ballet 6aJieT
water BO,D;a composer KOMll03HTOp
City e ropOA culture Kynbrypa
avenue npocneKT exhibition BhlCTaBKa
building JAaHHe guitar rHTapa
city r6poA literature nHTeparypa
country CTpaHa movies, movie KHH6, KHHO·
elevator nH<lJT theater TeaTp
entrance no,D;'be3A mUSIC MY3biKa
entrance code KOA painting )I(HBOllHCb
floor 3T~ piano llHaHHHO
house, building AOM picture KapTHHa
square nn6m;Mb play nbeca
stairs neCTHHQa show cneKT!iKnb
street ynHQa singer (f.) neBHQa
singer (m.) neBeQ
Transport e TpaHCDOPT theater Tea-rp
airplane caMoneT work, product npOH3Be,D;eHHe
bus aBT66yc writer nHcaTenh
VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST 15

Nature e npMpo,qa May Mali


bird nn1ua June HIOHb
cloud, -s o6naKo, o6naKa July m6nh
field none August aBryCT
flower, -s UBeTOK, UBeTbl September ceHT116ph
forest nee October OKT1i6pb
garden ca.n; November Ho116ph
moon nyHa December .n;eKa6pb
ocean OKeaH
river peKa Days of the Week •
sea Mope • AHM He.Q~nM
sky He6o date 'H!cno
sun COJIHUe day .n;eHb
star 3Be3.n;a days of the week AHH He.n;enH
tree .n;epeBo week He.n;emi
Monday noHe.n;enhHHK
Animals e IKMBOTHble Tuesday BTOpHHK
bear Me,n;Be,n;h Wednesday cpe.n;a
bull 6biK Thursday qeTBepr
cat KOIIIKa Friday n1iTHHI.la
chicken llhiTineHOK Saturday cy66oTa
cow KopoBa Sunday BOCKpeCeHhe
dog co6aKa When? Kozoa?
duck YTKa on Monday
elephant B noHe.n;enhHHK
cnoH on Tuesday BO BTOpHHK
fox mka on Wednesday B cpe,n;y
goose rych on Thursday B qeTBepr
hen KypHua on Friday
horse (mare) B ruiTHHllY
JIOIIIMb on Saturday Bcy66ory
horse (stallion) KOHb on Sunday B BOCKpeceHbe
lion neB
pig CBHHh1i
piglet nopoceHoK
Weather e noro,qa
rabbit cold xono.n;Ho
KpOnHK rpa.n;yc
ram 6apaH degree
rooster hot )l(apKO
neTyx MHHYC
sheep OBI.la minus
tiger plus nmoc
THrp )l;O)I()l;b
wolf BOnK rain
snow cHer
Months • MeCHI.lbl temperature TeMnepaTypa
January .IIHBapb warm Tenno
February l}leapanb wind Berep
March MapT
April an penh
16 AHrnO-PYCCHHI TEMATH'IECHHI cnOBAPb

Numerals • 'IMcntirenbHble
Cardinals • KontillleCTaeHHble IIIMcntirenbHble
1 O,l{HH
2 ):{sa 60 IIIeCTb,l{eCHT
3 TpH 70 CeMb,l{eCJIT
4 qe1'h1pe 80 s6ceMb.l{ecxT
5 llHTb 90 ,l{eBHHOCTO
6 rneCTb 100 CTO
7 ceMb 200 ,l{BeCTH
8 s6ceMb 300 TpHCTa
9 ,l{eBHTb 400 qe1'hipecTa
10 ,l{eCHTb 500 llHTbCOT
11 O,l{HHHa.l{UaTb 600 IIIeCTbcOT
12 ABeHa.AuaTb 700 ceMbCOT
13 TPHH~UaTb 800 BOCeMbC6T
14 qeThJ:pHa.l{UaTb 900 ,l{eBHTbC6T
15 llHTH~UaTb 1000 TbiCH'Ia
16 IIIeCTH~UaTb 2 000 ,l{Be ThiCH'IH
17 ceMH~UaTb 3 000 TpHThiCH'IH
18 BOCeMH~UaTb 4000 'IeTidpe ThiCH'IH
19 ,l{eBHTH~UaTb 5 000 llJITb ThiCH'I
20 ,l{B~UaTb 6 000 IIIeCTb TldCH'I
21 ,l{B~UaTb O.l{HH 1 000 000 MHJIJIH6H
22 ,l{B~UaTb ,l{Ba 2 000 000 ,l{Ba MHJIJIH6Ha
30 TPHAUaTb 5 000 000 nHTb MHJIJIHOHOB
40 c6poK 1 000 000 000 MHJIJIHap.l{
50 llJITb,l{eCHT

Ordinals e nopJfAHOBble IIIMcnMTenbHble


1st nepBbiH 17th ceMH~UaTbiH
2nd BTOp6H 18th BOCeMH~UaTbiH
3rd TPeTHH 19th ,l{eBJITH~UaTbiH
4th 'IeTBepTbiH 20th ABMUaTbiH
5th nHTbiH 21st AB~UaTb nepBbiH
6th IIIeCTOH 22nd ,l{B~UaTb BTOp6H
7th ce.l{bM6H 30th TPHAUtlTbiH
8th BOCbMOH 31st TPHAUaTb nepBbiH
9th .AeBHTbiH 40th COpOKOB6H
lOth .l{eCHTbiH 50th nHTH,l{eCHTbiH
11th o.l{HHHMUaTbiH 60th IIIeCTH,l{eCHTbiH
12th ,l{BeH~UaTbiH 70th CeMH,l{eCHTbiH
13th TpHH~UaTbiH 80th BOCbMH,l{eCHTbiH
14th qenitpHMUaTbiH 90th .l{eBHH6CTbiH
15th nHTH~UaTbiH lOOth cOTbiH
16th rneCTH~UaTbiH
VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST 17

Time e BpeMH
hour qac 1 minute OAHa MHHyTa
minute MHHyTa 2 minutes ABe MimyThi
1:00 OAHH qac 3 minutes TPH MHHYTbi
2:00 ABa qaca 4 minutes 'ieTidpe MHHYTbi
3:00 TPH qaca 5 minutes n-'ITb MHHYT
4:00 'ieTLipe qaca
5:00 n-'ITb qac6s
What Time Is It? • CHonbHO apeMeHM?
1:05 OAiiH qac nub MHHYT (nub MH$ BTOp6ro)
2: 10 ABa qaca AeC-'ITb MHHYT (Aecub MHHYT T}leThero)
3: 15 TPH qaca mnHaAuaTb MHHYT (rruHA,nuaTb MHHYT 'ieTsepToro)
4:30 'ieTLipe qaca TpH.nuaTb MHHYT (rronoBHHa mhoro, rromuhoro)
5:40 ll-'ITb 'iaCOB c6poK MHeyT (6e3 ABa.l{QaTH weCTb)
6:45 wecTb qac6s c6poK nub MHHYT (6e3 nuHA,nuaTH ceMb)
7:00 ceMb qac6s
At What Time? (When?) e Bo CHOnbHO? (KOrAl?)
at 12:00 B ABeHA,nuaTh qac6s
at 12:30 nonnepsoro
at 12:40 6e3 .[IBaAuam qac
at 1:00 B T})HHA,nQaTb 'iaCOB
at 1:15 n-'ITHllAI..laTb MHHYT BTop6ro

Common Verbs • HaMGonee ynorpeG.trenbHble rnaronbl


to be 6biTb to play HrpaTb
to become tired ycTaTh to read 'iHTaTb
to be ill 6oneTb to repeat IIOBTOpHTb
to be interested HHTepeCOBllTbC-'1 to rest OTAbiXaTb
to buy KYIIHTb to sell npoAaTb
to call 3BOHHTb to sleep cnaTb
to congratulate II03ApaBHTb to stand, be CTOJITb
to drink IIHTb situated
to eat eCTb to study, 3aHHMllTbC.ll
to give (as a gift) rroAapliTb work on
to go (on foot) HATH to take 83-'ITb
to go exaTh to talk rosopHTh
(by transport) to teach Y'iHTh
to invite rrpHrnacHTh to wait )l():(aTh
to lie, Jie)KaTh to walk, stroll ryJIJiTh
be situated to wish )KenaTh
to listen cnywaTb to work pa66TaTb
to meet BCTpe'iaTbC-'1 to write IIHCaTb
2-629
18 AHrnO-PYCCKMM TEMATMLIECKMA tnOBAPb

Common Adjectives • HaMtionee ynorpeti.trenbHble npMnar~renbHble


bad rrnox6H: low HlhKHH
big 6onhiiiOH narrow Y3KHH
cold xon6AHhiH new HOBhiH
cool rrpoxmi,nHhiH old cniphiH
famous H3BeCTHbiH pretty KpaCHBblH
good xop6IIIHH short KOpOTKHH
hot ropi'IHH small ManeHhKHH
ill 6onbHOH tall (high) BbiCOKHH
important BIDKHhiH warm T~hmhiH
interesting HHTepecHbiH wide IIIHpOKHH
long ,nnHHHhiH young Mono,n6H:

Colors • Uaera
beige 6e)KeBhiH
black qepHhiH
blue rony66H:
brown KOpH':IHeBbiH
gray cepbiH:
green JeneHhiH
navy blue CHHHH
pink p630BbiH
purple <l>HoneTOBhiH
red KpacHhiH
white 6enhiH
yellow )KenThiH
common Pronouns • HaMtionee ynorpeti.ttenbHble MeaoMMeHMH
I .s1 my MOM
you Tbl your TBOH
he OH his er6
she OHa her ee
we Mbl our Haiii
you Bbl your Baiii
they OHH their HX

Greetings &Farewells • Cl»piJbl npM aape11e HpacaaaiHHH


Hello! 3,npaBCTByiiTe!
Hi! IIpHBeT!
Good morning! )J;66poe 9-Tpo!
Good afternoon! )J;66phlif ,neHh!
Good evening! )J;66pbiH Be':lep!
Goodbye. )J;o cBH,naHH.si.
Bye. IloKA.
See you soon. ,ll;o BCTPe•m.
VOCABULARY REFERENCE LIST 19

Polite Phrases • IIJpifJbl JrMHera


Thank you. Cnac:H6o.
You're welcome. Ilo)l(arryiicTa!
Excuse me. lf3BHHHTe.
No problem. HH'Ier6.
May I ... ? MO)I(HO ... ?
Do you know ... ? BLI He 3HaeTe ... ?
I don't know. ..R He 3Hll10.
Can you, please, tell me ... ? CKa~Te, no)l(li.r.IyiicTa, ... .
Repeat, please, .... IlOBTOpHTe, llO)I(MyHcTa, ... .
Please tell .... Ilepe~aHTe, llO)I(MyiicTa, ... .
Please give me ... . )l;aiiTe, no~yiicTa, ....
Please show me ... . Ilox~Te, no)l(arryiicTa, ....

Common Questions • HaMIIdnee ynorpellthenbHble aonpdCbl


Who is it? Km 3m?
What is it? qm 3m?
Where? (location) r~e?
Where? (motion) Ky~a?
When? Kor~a?
How? Kax?
From where? Oncy~a?
Why? IloqeM)I'?
How many? (How much?) CKOJibKO?
Which? Kax6ii?
Whose? qeif?
How do you say in Russian ... ? Kax no-pyccKH ... ?
What is your name? Kax sac 30ByT?
How are you? Kax ~ena?
How is your family? Kax ceMMi?
How is your health? Kax 3~op6Bbe?
Where do you work? r~e Bbl pa66TaeTe?
Where do you study? r~e Bbl Y'IHTeCb?
Where are you from? 0Txy~a Bbi npHexanH?
What is your nationality? Km Bbl no HaUHOHMbHOCTH?
Do you speak Russian? Bbi rosop:HTe no-pyccxH?
Do you speak English? BLI rosop:HTe no-aHfJIHHCKH?
Do you have ... ? Y sac ecTb ... ?
Where do you live? r~e Bbl )I(HBere?
How do you get to ... ? (on foot) Kax ~oiim ~o ... ?
How do you get to ... ? (by transport) Kax ~oexaTb ~o ... ?
Where is ... ? r~e HaxO~HTCJI ... ?
How much is ... ? CKOJibKO CTOHT ... ?
How old are you? Cx6JibKO saM neT?
What is today's date? Kax6e cer6~HJI 'IHCJI6?
20 AHrnO-PYCCKMI TEMATHIIECKMI cnOBAPb

What day is today? KaK6i1 cer6,n;H.SI ,n;eHb?


What time is it? CK6n~:.Ko BpeMeHH? (KOT6pbli1 qac?)
When will our lesson be? Kor.n;a 6y,n;eT yp6K?
When should I call? Kor.n;a no3BOHHTb?
Do you like Moscow? BaM HpliBHTc.a MocKBa?
What are your hobbies? KaK6e y Bac x666H?
When is your birthday? Kor.n;a Bam ,n;eHb po)l(,l(eHHH?

Summary of Russian First Names • pYccKHe HMeHI


Masculine Names Feminine Names
Full Name Short Name Full Name Short Name
AneKcliH.n;p Cama, III)'pa AneKcliH.n;pa Cawa, III)'pa
AneKcei1 Anema, Jlema Anna
AHaT6nHH T6M AHHa AH.SI
AH,n;pei1 AH,n;p!6ma BaneHTHHa Ban.a
AHTOH Bepa
Eopuc E6p.a ranuHa ran.a
BaneHTHH Ban.a EBreHHH )l(eHH
BacnnHH Bac.a EKaTepnHa KaT.a
Bna,n;HMHp Bon6,n;g, B6Ba EneHa JleHa
reHHli.n;HH reHa 3HHaH.n;a 3HHa
,l(MHTpHH ,[(liMa, MHT.a HpnHa Hpa
EBreHHH )l(eHH Jlro66Bb JI!66a
HBliH BliH.a Jlro.n;Miina JI!6.n;a, Muna
Hrop~:. MapnHa
KoHCTaHTHH K6cT.a MapH.a Marna
MHXaHn Muma Ha,n;e)l(,l(a Hli.n;H
HHKonai1 K6n.a HaTMH.SI HaTawa
Oner HuH a
ITeTp lleTH On~:.ra On.a
Ceprei1 Cepe)Ka CBeTnaHa CBeTa
10pui1 IDpa C64J~:..a C6HH
TaTb.siHa TaH.SI
YpOH 1 • Lesson 1

[TepeOTHnbl odllleHHH •

• Russian Forms of Address

HOMMeHTapHH • Commentary

In every language, there is a standard group of expressions used in


greetings and farewells. These expressions are universal; they are used
regardless of the subject of conversation. In this lesson, we will review
the most typical forms of greeting, farewell, inquiry, apology, and mak­
ing requests.
You should pay particular attention to the following: in Russian, there
are two ways of addressing other people: formally (6bl) and informally
(mbl). Which form is used demonstrates the level of closeness, age diffe­
rence, ease of conversation, and length of acquaintance.
How should you address your Russian acquaintances? Here are a
few guidelines: you will find that Russian young people tend to move
very quickly to the informal mbl when speaking with each other, even
with people they do not know well. Children and teenagers can be ad­
dressed using mbl. Adults typically use the formal 6bl when they first
meet, and move to mbl as they become better acquainted.
Introducing yourself to others and getting acquainted will be covered
in Lesson 2.
22 YpoK1. CTEPEOTMnbl 06utEHM~

neHCHHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.
3,LJ;paBCTByH. I Hello! (mbz form)
3,LJ;paBCTByHTe. Hello! (BbZ form)
IIpHBeT! Hi!
,D;66poe YTPO! Good morning!
,lJ;66phiH ,LJ;eHb! Good afternoon!
)l;66pbiH Beqep! Good evening!
6qeHb pa,LJ; Bac (Te65i) BH,LJ;eTh. 2 I'm very glad to see you. (m.)
6qeHh pa,LJ;a Bac (Te65i) BI1,LJ;eTh. I'm very glad to see you. (f.)
.5I TO)I(e PM· I'm glad to see you too. (m.)
.5I TO)I(e pa,LJ;a. I'm glad to see you too. (f.)
TO)I(e also
6qeHh very
KaK ,LJ;ena? How are you?
KaK Baum ,LJ;emi? How are you? (BbZ form)
KaK TBOH ,LJ;emi? How are you? (mbz form)
0TJIHqHO. Very well.
Xoporn6. Good.
HopManhHO. Fine.
Bee B rropJi,LJ;Ke. Everything is well.
HHqer6. Not bad.
I1JI6xo. Bad.
,lJ;o CBH,LJ;aHIDI. Goodbye.
IIoKa. Bye.
,D;o 3aBTpa. See you tomorrow.
Crracl16o. Thank you.
IJO)I(MyHCTa. You're welcome.
113BHHHTe. Excuse me. (BbZ form)
113BHHH. Excuse me. (m&z form)
HHqer6. No problem.
M6)1(H0 ... ? Is it possible ... ?
Ilo)l(anyncTa, .... Please ....

1 3opaBcmByu is used when addressing someone using the familiar mbz. 3opaBcmeyume
is used when addressing someone (or a group) using Bbl. llpuBem is used in more casual
settings, among friends or young people who are well acquainted.
2 01.1eHb pao Bac Buoemb - Bbl form. Used when addressing someone or a group using
Bbl. 01.1eHb pao me6R Buoemb- mbz form. Used when addressing someone using mbz.
Lesson 1. RUSSIAN FORMS OF ADDRESS 23

.QHanorH • Dialogues
Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1) Conversation between two colleagues or acquaintances.
- 3.z:tpaBCTByHTe, BHKTop! - Hello, Viktor!
- 3.z:tpaBCTByHTe, HaTarna! - Hello, Natasha!
-KaK.z:tena? - How are you?
- CrracH6o, xopowo. A KaK BaiiiH - Good, thanks. And how are you?
.z:tena?
- To)l(e xopowo. - I'm good too.
- .[J;o CBH.z:taHHji, -Goodbye!
- .[J;o CBH.z:taHHji. -Goodbye!
2) Conversation between two good friends.
- IIpHBeT, AHTOH! -Hi, Anton!
- IIpHBeT, BHKTOp! - Hi, Viktor!
-KaK.z:tena? - How are you?
- HopManbHO. A KaK TBOH .z:tena? -Fine. And how are things with you?
-HH'iero. -OK.
-IIoKa! -Bye!
-IIoKa! -Bye!
3) Conversation between two people well-acquainted.
- ,D;o6pbiH .z:teHb, Hpa! - Good afternoon, Ira!
- ,D;o6pMH .z:teHb, Om1! O'ieHb pa- -Good afternoon, Olya! I'm very
.z:ta Te6H BH.z:teTb. glad to see you.
- 5I TO)I(e. - I'm glad to see you too.
- KaK TBOH .z:tena? - How are you?
- CrracH6o, xopowo. A TBOH? - Good, thanks. And you?
- To)l(e. - Good.
- IIoKa! - Bye!
- IIoKa! - Bye!
4) Conversation between a supervisor and employee, or between two acquain-
tances who are middle-aged or older.
- ,D;o6pbiH Be'iep, HBaH IIeTpo- - Good evening, Ivan Petrovich.
BH'i.
- ,D;o6pbiH Be'iep, Cepreii HBa- -Good evening, Sergei Ivano-
HOBH'i. vich.
- O'ieHb pa.z:t Bac BH.z:teTb. - I'm very glad to see you.
-JI TO)I(e. - I'm glad to see you too.
24 YpoK1.CTEPEOTMnbl O&utEHMH

- KaK Banm .n;ena? - How are you?


- Crracu6o, omuquo. A Banm? - Very well, thanks. And you?
- Crracu6o. Bee B rrops.n;Ke. - Everything is well, thanks.
5) Conversation between an American and a Russian ofapproximately the same
age.
- ,ll;o6poe yTpo, ,ll;*OH. -Good morning, John.
- ,ll;o6poe yrpo, Carna. - Good morning, Sasha.
- ,lJ;)I(OH, KaK TBOH ,n;ena? - How are you doing, John?
- Crracu6o, HOpMan&Ho. A TBOH? - Fine, thanks. And you?
- To)l(e HOpMan&Ho. -Also fine.
- )J;o CBH.D;aHHJI. -Goodbye.
- ,ll;o 3aBrpa. - See you tomorrow.
6) Conversation between a student and teacher, or two people who don 't know
each other very well.
- ,ll;o6p&IH .n;eH&, MaiiKn! - Good afternoon, Michael!
- ,ll;o6p&IH .n;eH&, IOpa! QqeH& pa.n; - Good afternoon, Yura! I'm very
BaC BH.D;eTb. glad to see you.
- Crracu6o, H TO*e pa.n;. KaK Barno - Thanks. I'm glad to see you too.
.n;ena, MaiiKn? How are you, Michael?
- Crracu6o, xoporno. A Barno? - Good, thanks. And you?
- To*e. -Good.
- )J;o CBH,ll;aHHJI. -Goodbye.
- ,ll;o 3aBTpa. - See you tomorrow.
7) Conversation between a student and teacher, or an employee and his super-
visor.
- 3.n;paBCTBYHTe, Cepreii IIeT- - Hello, Sergey Petrovich. Can I
poBuq! Mo)I(HO BORTH? come in?
- IIo*anyiicTa. - Yes, certainly.
-Crracu6o. -Thank you.
8) Requesting permission to step out of class or a meeting.
- H3BHHHTe, MO)I(HO B&IHTH? - Excuse me, may I leave the
room for a moment?
- IIo*anyiicTa. -Yes, certainly.
9) Requesting to make a phone call.
- H3BHHHTe, MO)I(HO rro3BOHHT&? - Excuse me, may I use your tele-
phone?
- IIo*anyiicTa. - Yes, certainly.
- Crracu6o. -Thank. you.
Lesson 1. RUSSIAN FORMS OF ADDRESS 25
10) Apology.
-J1:3BHHHTe. -Excuse me.
-HHqero. -No problem.

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
6)
1)
-fiOKa!
-KaK.n;ena?
7)
2)
-fipHBeT!
- QqeHL pa.n;a BaC BH,lleTL!
8)
3)
- KaK TBOH .n;ena?
- )l;o CBH,llaHHH.

4) 9)
-H3BHHHTe.
- Mo:lKHo no3BOHHTL?
10)
5)
-CnacH6o.
- 3.n;paBCTByH, QJijJ!

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)

- jJ TOX<e pa.n;. -IToKa!


2) 7)
-fipHBeT!
- )l;o CBH,llaHHH. 8)
3)
- CnacH6o, xopowo. A TBOH?
- 3.n;paBCTByHre, HaTawa. 9)
4)
- CnacH6o, xopowo. A BamH?
- IToX<anyilcTa. 10)
5)
- ToX<e HopMaJILHo.
- CnacH6o, xopowo.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 1.


YpOH 2 • Lesson 2

3HaHOMCTBO. npeaCTaBneHHe •

• Getting Acquainted. Introductions

HOMMeHTapMi • Commentary

When meeting people, it is necessary and interesting to know the


rules of communication. In Lesson 1, you discovered the difference be­
tween mbl and 6bl. In this lesson, you will learn how to introduce your­
self, your friend or colleague, and how to answer questions when getting
acquainted.
Russian names. Russians have three names: first name (UMJl); pat­
ronymic (omtteCm6o); and last name (¢aMWZUJl). J1MR is the given name:
Anton, Viktor, Petr, Anna, Maria, Natalia.
Omllecm60 is derived from the father's first name, with the added
ending -ovich/-evich for sons and -ovna/-evna for daughters. For exam­
ple, if the son's name is Anton, and the father is Viktor, the son will be
Anton Viktorovich. If a daughter is named Anna, and her father is Ivan,
then she will be Anna Ivanovna.
cPaMWZUJl also has different endings for males and females: Sergei
Ivanov, Anna Ivanova. Most Russian women take their husband's last
name, but there are certainly exceptions.
Addressing others. A few guidelines in addressing people: for
friends, use their first name or shortened name; for other adults, use their
UMJl + omttecm60 unless they request otherwise. In such a case, they will
use the phrase }.fa6a u Ha mbz? or MO:JICHO Ha mbl? ('Let's start using mbl'
or 'May we use mbz').
In Russian, most first names have a shortened version: Mikhail be­
comes Misha, Irina becomes Ira, etc. (see listing on page 20). In other
languages where shortened names are not as common, it is difficult to get
used to calling Russians by shortened names instead of full names. Short­
ened names are used without the patronymic. Also, when using the full
first name (Mikhail, Irina) instead of the shortened version, the patro­
nymic should technically be used, although you will hear exceptions.
Lesson 2. GETTING ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS 27

Introductions. If you are introducing adults in a formal setting, use


their full UMR, omiJecmeo and paMWIUIO. For example: "I would like you
to meet Anton Viktorovich Sergeev". In business meetings, the job title
and responsibility would be added. When introducing young people, you
should use the UMR + paMWIUJl.

neKCMKa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.
KaK Bac 3oByr? What is your name?
MeHH 30Byr ... My name is ...
KaK Banm <jJaM:H:rrmi? What is your last name?
Mo}]: <jJaMHJIHH ... My last name is ...
KaK Barne 6rt~ecrno? What is your patronymic?
Moe 6necrBo ... My patronymic is ...
KaK B<hne HMH? What is your first name?
Moe :liMH ... My first name is ...
,l];a. Yes.
Her. No.
Bac 3oByr ,lJ;)I(oH? Is your name John?
,l];a, MeHH 30Byr ~OH. Yes, my name is John.
Her, MeHH 30Byr ,l];)I(HM. No, my name is Jim.
Barna <jJaM:lirrHH ,l1;)1(6HcoH? Is your last name Johnson?
Her, MOH <jJaM:lirrHH CMHr. No, my last name is Smith.
,lJ;aBaiire II03HaKOMHMCH! 1 Let's get acquainted.
'
rr03HaKOMbrecb, '
IIO)I(aJiyHcra
v
... 2 Let me introduce you .. .
I103HaKOMbCH, IIO)I(MyHCra ... 3 Let me introduce you .. .
6qeHb npHHTHO. Very nice to meet you.
MHe ro)l(e. Nice to meet you too.
,n:pyr4 friend (m.)
no,n:pyra 5 friend (f.)
Korrrrera colleague (m. or f.)
npeno,n:aBarerr& teacher (m. or f.)

1 PaBau is used when speaking to a person using the informal mbt. jJaBaume is used
when speaking to a person or group using Bbl.
2 flo3HaKoMbmecb is used with Bbl.
3 flo3HaKOMbCJl is used with mbl.
4 ppyz is the masculine form of 'friend'.
5 floopyza is the feminine form of 'friend'.
28 YpoK2.JHAHOMCTBO.nP~CTABnEHHE

cry.l{eHT student (m.)


CT)'.ll;eHTKa student (f.)
)TO it
Kro3To? Who is that?
3ro MO.H IIO.llp:Yra. That is my friend. (f.)
g I
TLI
you
OH he
OHa
she
OHO
it
we
Mbl I
BLifBLI you (plural or formal)
OHH
they

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Gender or Nouns
In Russian, there are three types of nouns: masculine, feminine and
neuter. Masculine nouns end in consonants: opyz, cmyoenm, BuKmop. Femi-
nine nouns end in -a and -R: noopyza, cmyoenmKa, TaHR. Nouns ending in
-b can be either masculine or feminine: npenooaeame.Jlb (m.), mempao& (f.).
Neuter nouns end in -o, -e, -MR: om~ecmeo, ympo, Mope, UM.R.
E x c e p t i o n: 1) the gender of several nouns ending in -a or -R
depends on whether they refer to a man or a woman: On KO/Uleza, ona
KOMeza; 2) male names ending in -a or -R decline like feminine nouns.
Table 1
GENDER OF NOUNS

Masculine Feminine Neuter


On On a Ono
,llpyr, IIO.z:qJyra yrpo
CTy,lleHT cry,lleHTKa OTtJ:eCTBO
Bet~ep <!>aMHJIIDI Mope
.l{eHL TeTpa,llb yrrpiDKHeHHe
rrperro.l{aBaTeJI& TaH.si HMH
AHTOH HaTama

1 Bbl is the plural, Bbl is the singular, formal.


Lesson 2. GETI'ING ACD.UAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS 29
Table 2
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Plural
Singular Singular Singular
my MOH MOX MOe MOH
your (singular) TBOH TBOX TBOe TBOH
his, its/her ero/ee ero/ee ero/ee ero/ee
our Ham Ham a Harne HalliH
your (plural) Bam Barna Bame BalliH
their HX HX HX HX

Possessive pronouns agree in number, gender and case with the nouns
they modify: .MOU opyz, MOR noopyza, MOe omt~ecmBO, mBOU npenooaBa-
meJlb, mBOR pa.MWlUR, mBoii UMR, etc.

Cases
In Russian there are 6 cases: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusa-
tive, Instrumental, Prepositional. There are 2 numbers: Singular and Plu-
ral. For a detailed explanation of cases, see A Short Introduction to
Russian Grammar.
Table 3
NOMINATIVE AND ACCUSATIVE CASES1
OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Nominative: il czy.n;eHT.
Accusative: MeHH 30BYT ,[.I;:>KoH.
Nominative- Accusative Nominative- Accusative
X-MeiUI 1-me
Mhl-Hac we-us
Thl-re6x you-you
BLI-BaC you-you
OH-ero he-him
oHa-ee she-her
OHO-ero it-it
OHH-HX they-them

1 The verb 36am& requires the accusative case: MeHR 3oeym, eii 3oeym, etc.
30 YpoK2.3HAKOMCTBO.nP~CTABnEHME

Table 4
FORMATION OF RUSSIAN LAST NAMES
Masculine Feminine
HsaHOB HsaHoBa
fle'rpos Ile'rposa
ArreKcees ArreKceesa
ITymKHH ITymKHHa
Typ6HH Typ6HHa

Table 5
FORMATION OF RUSSIAN PATRONYMICS

Father Masculine Feminine


HBaH HBaHOBHq HsaHOBHa
AHTOH AHTOHOBHq AHToHoBHa
BHKTOp BHKTOpOBHq BHKToposHa
Cepreit CepreesHq CepreesHa
ArreKceit ArreKceesHq ArreKceesHa

Learn the following full and shortened Russian first names.

Masculine Names Feminine Names


HBaH-BaiDI Onr.ra- OIDI
ArreKcaH,D;p - Cama HpHHa-Hpa
Cepreit - Cepe)l(a MapiDI- Mama
lOpHit-IOpa HaTaJIL.JI - HaTama
MHXaHJI- MHma TaT&$1Ha- TaHg
EopHc-Eopg fanHHa- fang
HHKOJiaH- Komi JliO,AMHJia - JliO.z:ta, MHJia
Lesson 2. GETTING ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS 31

YnpaiHHeHMH • Exercises

1. Using the charts above, place the words in parentheses in the correct
form.
a) (51) 30BYT JleHa. (Tbi) 30BYT Carna. (OH) 30BYT ,l.{)KOH. (OHa) 30BYT
I1pa. (Mbi) 30BYT AHTOH H I1roph. (Bbi) 30BYT HaTarna. (OHM) 30BYT
CBeTa H On.H.
6) (51) <PaMHJIH.H IleTpoB. (Tbi) <lJaMHJIH.H CseTJIOB. (OH) <PaMHJIH.H
,l.{)I(OHCOH. (OHa) <PaMHJIH.H I1BaHoBa. (Bbi) <lJaMHJIH.H MaKees.
B) (51) OTqecTBO I1BaHOBJ1q. (Tbi) O~eCTBO IleTpOBJ1q, (0H) OTqeCTBO
CepreeBHq, (OHa) oTqecTBO EopHCOBHa. (Bbi) OTqecTBO IleTpOBHa.
r) (51) HMH TaHH. (Tbi) HM.H I1pa. (OH) HMH ,l.{)I(HM. (0Ha) HMH Marna.
(Bbi) HM.H Oner.

2. Using the vocabulary for Lesson 2 and the charts above, fill in the
blanks.
MeH.H ... AHTOH. Mo.H ... IleTpos. Moe ... CepreeBHq. 3To ... .r~pyr.
.. . 30BYT ,l.{)I(OH .... <PaMHJIHj! CMHT. 3TO ... rro.r~pyra .... 30BYT HaTarna .
... <PaMHJIH.H Csemosa. A KaK ... 30BYT? KaK ... <PaMHJIH.H? KaK ... o~ecTBo?

3. Give positive and negative answers to the following questions.


Example: - Bac 30BYT Carna?
-.[{a, MeH}l 30BYT Carna.
- HeT, MeH}l 30BYT AHTOH.
Barna <PaMHJIH}l CepreeB? Ee <PaMHJIJ1j! CBeTnoBa? Ero 30BYT ,l.{)KoH?
Te6j! 30BYT I1pa? Ero OTqecTBo I1BaHosHq? Ee oTqecTBO IIeTpoBHa? TBoe
OTqecTBo CepreeBHq?

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper pronoun: Moii, mBoii, Bam•
... .r~pyr, ... rro.r~pyra, ... oTqecTBO, ... rrperro.r~aBaTeJih, ... Konnera,
... HM}l, ... <lJaMHJIH}l.

5. Give positive answers to the following questions.


Example: - 3To TBOH .r~pyr?
- ,D;a, :no MOM .r~pyr.
3To TBO}l rro.r~pyra? 3TO ee .r~pyr? 3TO Ham rrperro.r~aBaTenb? 3TO Barn
Konnera? 3TO ero rro.r~pyra? 3TO ero .r~pyr?
32 YpoK2.3HAHOMCTBO.nPEACTABnEHME

6. Answer the question Kmo 3mo?


- Kro 3TO? - 3ro ... no.Apyra.... 30Byr Hpa.
- Kro 3TO? - 3ro ... npeno.AaBaTeJIL .... 30B)'T HHKOnau HBaHOBHq.
- Kro 3To? - 3ro ... KOJIJiera.... 30B)'T OnLra fleTPOBHa.
- Kro 3To? - 3ro ... cty.AeHT.... 30B)'T .L{>KoH.
- KTo 3To? - 3ro ... Cty.AeHTKa.... 30Byr MapTa.
- Kro 3TO? - 3ro g, ... 30B)'T BHKTOp.
7. Formulate Russian patronymics from the following names.
Example: liBaH: HBaHOBHtJ:, HBaHOBHa
AH,D;peu, AHTOH, EopHc, AneKceu, MHxaHJI, HHKonan.

AManorM • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- 3.ApaBCTBYHTe! )::t;aBaHTe no- - Hello! Let's get acquainted. My
3HaKOMHMCg! MeHg 30Byr Ha- name is Natasha. And yours?
Tama. A Bac?
- A MeHg Hpa. - My name is Ira.
- OtJ:eHL npHnHo. -Nice to meet you.
- MHe TO)I(e. -Me too.
2)
- ,ll;o6pLIH .AeHL! )::t;aBaHTe no- - Good afternoon! Let's get ac-
3HaKOMHMcg, MeHg 30Byr AH- quainted. My name is Anton Vik-
TOH BHKTOpOBHl:l CepreeB. A torovich Sergeev. And yours?
Bac?
- MeHg 3oByr fleTp MBaHoBHq - My name is Petr Ivanovich Ma-
MRKeeB. keev.
- OtJ:eHL npHnHo. -Nice to meet you.
- MHe TO)I(e. -Me too.
3)
- ):{>KoH, ll03HaKOMLCg, llO)I(aJiyH- - John, let me introduce you, this
CTa, 3TO MOH .Apyr. Ero 30BYT is my friend. His name is Dima.
,lJ;HMa.
- OtJ:eHL npHgTHO. A MeHjJ 30Byr -Nice to meet you. My name is
,ll;)I(OH. John.
- MHe TO)I(e otJ:eHL npHnHO. -Nice to meet you too.
Lesson 2. GEmNG ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS 33

4)
- II03HaKoMbTecb, nO)KaJIYHcTa, - Let me introduce you, this is my
3TO MOH KOJIJIera EOPHC HHKo­ colleague Boris Nikolaevich
JIaeBHq POMaHoB. Romanov.
- OqeHb npHHTHo. A H MroPb -Nice to meet you. I am Igor Ale­
AJIeKceeBHq IIeTpoB. kseevich Petrov.
- OqeHb pa,n;. -Nice to meet you.
5)
- BHKTOP, 3TO TBOH ,npyr? - Viktor, is this your friend?
-,ll;a, 3TO MOH ,npyr. - Yes, it's my friend.
- A KaK ero 30BYT? -And what is his name?
-Ero 30BYT MHlIIa. A 3TO TBOH -His name is Misha. And is this
no.npyra? your friend?
-,ll;a, 3TO MOH no,npyra. Ee 30BYT - Yes, this is my friend. Her name
JIeHa. is Lena.
6)
- ,ll;06pbIH ,neHb! MeHH 30BYT - Good afternoon! My name is
AH,npeH. Andrei.
- OqeHb npHHTHo. AH,npeH, a KaK -Nice to meet you. Andrei, what
BaIIIa <paMHJIHH? is your last name?
- MOH <paMHJIHH MBaHOB. - My last name is Ivanov.
-A wqecTBo? - And your patronymic?
- Moe OTqeCTBO - IIeTpoBHq. - My patronymic is Petrovich. I
j! -AH.npeH IIeTpoB� MBaHOB. am Andrei Petrovich Ivanov.
7)
- 3,npa BCTBYHTe! j! Balli npe­ - Hello! I am your teacher. My
no,naBaTeJIb. MeHH 30BYT AJIeK­ name is Aleksei Ivanovich.
ceH MBaHOBHq.
- OqeHb npHHTHo. A KaK Ballia - Nice to meet you. What is your
<paMHJIHH? last name?
- MOH <paMHJIHH CH,n0POB. A KaK - My last name is Sidorov. And
BaC 30BYT? what is your name?
- MeHH 30BYT �OH, MOH <paMH­ - My name is John. My last name
JIHH CMHT. is Smith.
-A MeHH 30BYT BHKTOPHH, MOH - My name is Victoria, my last
<paMHJIHH CBeHcoH. name is Swenson.
- OqeHb npHHTHo, �OH H BHK- -Nice to meet you, John and Vic­
TOpHH. toria.
8)
-KT03TO? - Who is that?
- 3TO Halli npeno,naBaTeJIb. - That's our teacher.
- A KaK ero 30BYT? - What's his name?
3-629
34 YpOK 2. 3HAKOMCTBO. nPEACTABnEHME

- Ero 30Byr BHIcrOP ITeTpOBHtI. - His name is Viktor Petrovich.


- A KaK ero 4>aMHJIHs? - What's his last name?
- Ero 4>aMHJIHS CepreeB. - His last name is Sergeev.
9)
- ,lJ;o6poe yrpo! ,lJ;aBaiiTe n03Ha­ - Good morning! Let's get ac­
KOMHMCS. quainted.
- MeHs 30Byr MaHKJI. - My name is Michael.
- A MeHS - MHXaHJI. MO)l(HO - And mine is Mikhail. You can
MHma. call me Misha.
- OtIeH)) npHHTHO. - Nice to meet you.
- MHe TO)I(e. MaHKJI, KaK BamH - Me too. Michael, how are you
,ZJ;eJIa? doing?
- CnacH60, OTJIHtIHO. A BamH? - Very well, thank you. And you?
- CnacH60, BCe B nops,ZJ;Ke. - Everything is fine, thank you.

2. Tell your first and last name, and the first name, last name, and patro­
nymic of your teacher.

3. Make up similar dial ogues:

a) ask one another your first and last names;


b) introduce your teacher to your friends;
c) introduce your friends to your teacher;
d) introduce a new colleague to your co-workers;
e) introduce yourself to your new colleagues.

TeCT. Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.

1) 5)
- KaK ero 30Byr? - KaK ero oTtIeCTBo?

2) 6)
- KaK ee 4>aMHJIHS? - KaK Bama 4>aMHJIHS?

3) 7)
- IT03HaKOM))TeC)), 3TO BHKTOp. - OtIeH)) npHSTHO.

4) 8)
- KaK Bac 30Byr? - OtIeH)) pa,ZJ;a.
Lesson 2. GETTING ACQUAINTED. INTRODUCTIONS 35
9) 11)
- 3To Barn .n;pyr? - 3TO HX KOJIJiera?

10) 12)
- 3To Barna no.n;pyra? -KTo:no?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 7)

- Ero <PaMHJIHH CBeTJioB. - MHe TO)I(e.


2) 8)

- MeHH 30BYT ,ll;)I(OH. - .5I TO)I(e.


3) 9)

- Ee OTqecTBo IleTpoBHa. - Ee 30ByT Mpa.


4) 10)

- QqeHb npH51THO. - ,ll;a, 3TO MOM KOJIJiera.


5) 11)

- MoH <PaMHJIHH MaKeeB. - )J;a, :no MOM .n;pyr.


6) 12)

- 3TO MOH no.n;pyra. - )J;a, ee 30ByT Marna.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 2.


YpoH 3 • Lesson 3

npoiiJeCCHJI • Professions

neHCHHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.
r,ne Bhl pa66TaeTe? Where do you work?
R pa66TaJO B}'HHBepcHT6Te. I work at the university.
Kro BLI? What do you do?
(What is your position?)
Kro oH? What does he do?
(What is his position?)
What does she do?
(What is her position?)
Kro BLI (no npo<PeccHH)? What is your profession?
Kro oH (no npo<l>eccHH)? What is his profession?
Kro oHa (no npo<l>eccHH)? What is her profession?
Bpaq doctor
HH)KeHep engineer
mo<I>ep driver
nepeB6.l('tJHK interpreter/translator
fH,l( guide
10pHCT lawyer
y'ti:HTenL teacher
ceKperapL secretary
)KypHanHCT reporter
3KOHOMHCT economist
noc6n ambassador
6H3HeCMeH businessman
qT03TO? What is that?
yHHBepCHT6T university
HHCTHTYT institute
6onLHHUa hospital
<l>:HpMa company
mK6na school
Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS 37

6aHK bank
3aB6.D; factory
n6tna post
IIOC6JibCTBO office embassy
y-'iHTbCH to study
f.D;e Bhl )l'qHTeCb? Where do you study?
.5£ yqycb B HHCTH$e. I study at the institute .
BDI czy.D;eHT? Are you a student?
~a, .~~ czy.D;eHT. Yes, I am a student.
HeT, .11 He czy.D;eHT, .11 Bpati. No, I am not a student, I am a doctor.
T6>Ke also
HJIH or

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 6
PLURAL NOUNS

Singular Plural
Masculine
czy.D;eHT czy.D;eHTbi
3aBO,ll; 3aBO,ll;bl
HHCTHTYT HHCTHTYTbl
HH)KeHep HH>KeHepDI
6aHK 6aHKH
rrperro.D;aBaTeJib rrperro.D;aBaTeJIH
Feminine
«i>HpMa «i>HpMDI
WKOJia WKOJihl
6oJibHHUa 60JibHHUbl
czy.D;eHTKa CTy.D;eHTKH
IIO.D;pyra IIO,ll;pYfH
«i>aMHJIHH «i>aMHJIHH
Neuter
OTtJeCTBO OT'lleCTBa
IIOCOJibCTBO IIOCOJibCTBa
MOpe MOpH
yrrpa>KHeHHe ynpa>KHeHHH
38 YpoK 3. nPOCIIECCMJI

Remember:
1. Masculine nouns in the plural have the ending -bl or -u (-u only
after the letters K, 2, x, ut, :JIC, tt, Ul, or in place of b). Example: cmyoeHm-
cmyoeHmbz, epatt - epattu.
2. Feminine nouns in the plural have the endings -bl or -u (-u only
after K, 2, x, ut, :JIC, tt, Ul, or in place of b, and R). Example: rftup.Ma -
rjJupMbl, noopy2a - noopy2u.
3. Neuter nouns in the plural have the ending -a if the singular nouns
end in -o: omttecmeo - omttecmea. If the singular noun ends in -e, the
plural will end in -.R: .Mope - .Mop.R.
4. Several nouns in the plural have the ending -b.R: opy2- opy3b.R.
5. Several masculine nouns have the endings -a, -.R: aopec- aopeca,
yttume.Jlb - yttume.Jl.R.

Table 7

PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF SINGULAR NOUNS

Nominative Prepositional
l.fmo smo? roe?
3TO YHHBepCHTeT. B yHHBepcHTeTe
3To HHCTHTYT. B HHCTHTYTe
3TO M8ra3HH. B M8ra3HHe
3TO IIIKOJia. BIIIKOJie
3TO «i>HpMa. B «i>HpMe
3TO IIOCOJibCTBO. B IIOCOJibCTBe
3TO 3aBO,ll. Ha3aoo.n;e
3TO IIOlfTa. Ha IIOlffe

Remember:
The Prepositional case is required when answering the question2oe?
A majority of nouns in the Prepositional have the ending -e and are used
with the prepositions e or Ha.
Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS 39

Table 8

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS IN THE PLURAL

mine, my MOH
yours, your TBOH
his, hers, her ero, ee
ours, our Hanm
yours, your BaillH
theirs, their HX

Verbs
1. In Russian there exists an unchanging, undefined form of verb -
the infinitive- which signifies action or condition, but does not define
the time, the speaker or the number. A majority of Russian verbs in the
infinitive end in -mb, considerably fewer end in -mu, and very few end in
-I.Jb. Reflexive verbs in the infinitive have the additional ending -cfl after

consonants or -cb after vowels.


2. Russian verbs have three tenses: present, past and future (simple
and compound).
3. Verbs in the present tense change by the person and number, re-
ceiving different endings for each form. There are two types of Conjuga-
tion: Conjugation I and Conjugation II. A majority of Russian verbs fall
into Conjugation I. These are verbs ending in -amb, -Rmb (Class I); -emb'\
(Class II); -oBamb, -eBamb (Class Ill), -Hymb (Class IV). All of these verbs
have in their paradigm an -e and the 3rd person plural ends in -yml-10m.
Verbs ending in -umb fall into Conjugation II. They have an -u in their
paradigm, and the 3rd person plural ends in -ami-Rm. But there are of
course exceptions. You can read more about this in A Short Introduc-
tion to Russian Grammar.

Present Tense of Verbs


The present tense of verbs is fom1ed using the base ofthe infinitive
and the appropriate ending.
40 YPDII 3. RPOCIIECCMJI

Table 9
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS PA60TATh (FifE?),
yqHThCH (F,l(E?) IN THE PRESENT TENSE

Con.i~•gation I I Conjugation II
a I I.
Jl:lOOI ~ '1111 I.CU
g pa6oTaJO g yqyc~>

Tbl pa6oTaemL Tbl )"'HWLCH


OH,OHa pa6oTaeT OH,OHa )"'HTCH
Mid pa6oTaeM Mid )"'HMCH
Bbl pa6oTaeTe Bbl yt~nTecL

OHH a60TaiOT OHH li8TCH

YnpaHIHeHHH • Exercises
1. Flll in the blanks with the proper form of the verbpa6omam• or y11um6CR.
a) ~:>KOH ... B <l>HpMe. Jl ... B }'HHBepCHTeTe. f,D;e Tbl ... ? f,D;e OHH ... ?
Mbi ... B Mara3HHe. BLI ... B 6aHKe?
6) OH ... B mKone. f,D;e Bhl ... ? Jl ... B YHHBepcHTeTe. f,D;e OHH ... ? Tbl
... HJIH ... ? MLI ... B HHCTHyYTe.
2. Complete the sentences by putting the word in parentheses in the proper
form.
MeHH 30Byr AHroH. Jl czy,D;eHT. Jl yqycL B (HHcTmyr). A 3TO MOH
,D;pyr Cama. OH TO:>Ke czy,D;eHT. OH )"'HTCH B (}'HHBepcHTeT). Ero no,D;pyra
Hpa pa60TaeT Ha (noqya). HBaH IlerpOBHll H Cepreii HBaHOBHll pa60Taror
B (<l>HpMa). Hx ,D;pyr BHKTOp CepreeBHll pa60TaeT B (6aHK).
3. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.
a) Example: - BLI cTy,D;eHT?
- ,Zl;a, a czy,D;eHT.
- HeT, a He CTY,D;eHT, a Bpat~.
OH 3KOHOMHcT? 0Ha npeno,D;asareJib? Jl ropHcT? TLI mo<l>ep? BLI
6H3HecMeH? 0HH pa6oTaroT? MLI )"'HMca? Bhl pa60TaeTe?
6) Example: - 3To mKona?
-~a, 3TO illKOJia.
- HeT, 3TO He mKona, 3TO HHCTHT)'T.
3ro llO'l!Ta? 3TO }'HHBepCHTeT? 3TO <i>HpMa? 3TO 3aBO,D;? 3ro 6aHK?
3ro Mara3HH?
Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS 41

4. Form the plural of the following nouns.


MH)KeHep, 3aBOJ];, npenoJ];aBaTem., Bpaq, no,ll;pyra, CT}',ll;eHT, MaraJHH,
6aHK, HHCTHT}'T, ,ll;pyr, 6H3HeCMeH, CT}',ll;eHTKa, qmpMa, lliKOJia.
S. Fill in the blanks with the proper possessive pronoun in the plural•
... ITO,ll;pyrH, ... ,ll;py3MI, ... KOJIJierH, ... npeiTO,ll;aBaTeJIH, ... CT}',ll;eHTLI,
... qmpMLI, ... HHCTHT}'TLI.
6. Answer the questions.
fJ];e BLI )"'HTeCL? f)l;e )"laTCH BalliH ,ll;pyJLH? fJ];e pa60TaeT Balli nperro-
,ll;aBaTeJIL? f)l;e pa6oTaroT HH)KeHepLI? f)l;e pa6oTaiDT Bpa"'H?
7. Fill in the blanks with words from Lesson 3.
Jleua .... Oua pa6oTaeT ... .
AHTOH .... OH )"'HTCH ... .
MHXaHJI IleTpOBH"' .... Ou pa60TaeT ....
IOpa HliopH .... 0HH pa6oTaroT ....
MLI .... MLI Y"'HMCH ....
R .... R pa6oTaro ....
TLI ... ? TLI pa6oTaelliL .. . ?
BLI ... ? BLI pa6oTaeTe ... ?

llHanont • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- 3,ll;paBcrnyiiTe! -Hello!
- ,ll;o6pLIH ,ll;eHL! - Good afternoon!
- ,ll;aBanre noJHaKoMHMCH. MeHH - Let's get acquainted, my name
30BYT CnaBa. is Slava.
- QqeuL npHHTHO, a MeHH- Ha- -Nice to meet you, I am Natasha.
Tallla.
- HaTiliiia, KTO BLI no npocpeccHH?- - Natasha, what do you do for a
living?
- R Bpaq. A BLI? - I am a doctor. And you?
- R HH)KeHep. - I am an engineer.
2)
- IloJHaKOMLTecL, 3TO MapTa. - I'd like you to meet Marta. She
Oua Bpaq. Oua pa60TaeT B6oJI])- is a doctor. She works in a hos-
HHUe. pital.
42 YpoK 3. nPOCIIECCHSI

- QqeHh npiUITHO. A Memi 30BYT -Nice to meet you. My name is


Mpa . .H HH)KeHep . .H pa60Taro Ha Ira. I am an engineer. I work in
3aso.n;e. a factory.
3)
- ,lJ;HMa, Bhl nepeBO):("::HK? - Dima, are you an interpreter?
- HeT, g He nepeso.n;"::HK, .s~ npe- -No, I am not an interpreter, I am
no.n;asaTenh. a teacher.
-A r.n;e Bhi pa6oTaeTe? - Where do you work?
- .H pa6oTaro B yH:nsepcnTere. - I work at the university.
4)
- MeH.s~ 30BYT AHTOH . .H cry.n;eHT. - My name is Anton. I am a stu-
dent.
- AHTOH, a r.n;e Bhi yquTech? - Anton, where do you study?
- .H yqych B HHCTHTYTe. A Bhl? - I study at the institute. And you?
- .H TO)Ke cry.n;eHT. .H YlJYCh BYHH- - I am also a student. I study at
BepCHTeTe. the university.
5)
- HaTama, no3HaKOMhC.H, no)Ka- - Natasha, I would like you to
nyifcTa, 3TO MOH .n;pyr. Ero 30- meet my friend. His name is
BYT ,ll;)KOH. John.
- QqeHb npH.HTHO, ,ll;)KOH, a KTO -Nice to meet you, John. What
Bhl no npo<J?ecc:uu? do you do for a living?
- _H 6H3HeCMeH. _H pa60TaiO B - I am a businessman. I work in a
<J?upMe. A Bhi? firm. And you?
- _H 3KOHOMHCT. _H TO)Ke pa60TaiO - I am an economist. I also work
B <J?npMe. in a firm.
6)
- BHKTOp, Thl pa6oTaemh unu - Viktor, do you work or study?
YlJHIIIhC.H?
- .H pa6oTaro. - I work.
- A r.n;e Thl pa6oTaemh? - And where do you work?
- _H IOpHCT. _H pa6oTaiO B 6aHKe. - I am a lawyer. I work in a bank.
- A TBO.H no.n;pyra TaH.s~? 0Ha pa- - And your friend Tanya? Does
6oTaeT HHH YlJHTC.H? she work or study?
- 0Ha TO)Ke pa6oTaeT. - She also works.
7)
- )J;o6phlH: .n;eH~>! - Good afternoon!
- ,ll;o6p~>IH .n;eHh! - Good afternoon!
- Il03HaKOMbTeCb, llO)KanyHCTa, - I'd like you to meet our inter-
3TO Ham nepeBOA"::HK. Ee 30BYT preter. Her name is Olya.
On.s~.
Lesson 3. PROFESSIONS 43

- QqeHL npmrrHo. A MeiDl 30Byr -Nice to meet you. My name is


IlLep. Pierre.
- IlLep, a KTO BLI no npo<t>ecCHH? - Pierre, what is your profession?
- Jl 3KOHOMHCT. - I'm an economist.
- BLI pa6oTaeTe B 6aHKe? - Do you work at a bank?
- HeT, H pa6oTaiO Ha 3aoo.n;e. -No, I work at a factory.
8)
- I1rOpL, 3TO TBOH .n;py3L.R? - Igor, are these your friends?
- ,[(a, 3TO MOH ,n;py3LH. - Yes, they are my friends.
- 0HH pa6oTaiOT HflH yqaTC.R? - Do they work or study?
- Carna pa6oTaeT. OH HH)I(eHep. - Sasha works. He's an engineer.
JleHa TO)I(e pa6oTaeT. 0Ha ceK- Lena also works. She is a secre-
peTapL B <l>HpMe. A Mmna H tary at a firm. And Misha and
TaiDI CTY,n;eHTLI. 0HH yqaTCH B Tanya are students. They study
YHHBepcHTeTe. at the university.
2. Ask each other about your professions and where you work or study.

Tecr • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 6)
- KTo BLI no npo<t>eccHH? - f.n;e OHH yqaTC.R?

2) 7)
- f.n;e oHa pa6oTaeT? - 3To IIIKona?

3) 8)
-0HBpaq? -KTOoHa?

4) 9)
- BLI pa6oTaeTe? - f.n;e BLI yqHTeCL?

5) 10)
- I1H)I(eHep pa60TaeT Ha 3aoo.n;e? - f.n;e pa60TaiOT BaiiiH .n;py3LH?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 2)

- OH 3KOHOMHCT. - HeT, oH He CTY.D;eHT, OH opaq.


44 YpoK 3. nPOCIIECCMJI

3) 7)

- .H yqycL B HHCTH'I)'Te. - 0HH pa60TaroT aa noqTe.


4) 8)

- Oaa pa6oTaeT a <l>HpMe. - ,l(a, OH yqHTCJI B WKOJie.


5) 9)

- MoH APY3LJI spaqH, - ,l(a, 3TO 3aBO,U.


6) 10)

- ,l(a, OH HH:>KeHep. -MDI pa6oTaeM.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 3.


YpoH 4 • Lesson 4

HaqHoHanbHOCTb • Nationality

neHCHHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

KTO BLI no HaUHOHMLHOCTH? 1 What is your nationality?


pyccKHH - pyccKWI - pyccKHe Russian
aMepHK!iHeU - aMepHKaHKa - American
aMepHKflHULI
KHnleU- KHTruiHKa- KHTaHULI Chinese
KOpeeu- KOpeHHKa- KOpeHULI Korean
$1IIOHeU - $1IIOHKa - $1IIOHULI Japanese
HeMeU- HeMKa- HeMULI German
HTaJILHHeU - HTaJILHHKa - Italian
HTaJILHHUhl
aHrnHtJaHHH- aHrnHtJaHKa- English
aHrnHtJaHe
Q>paHUY3 - Q>paHu}'iKeHKa - French
Q>paHu}'3LI
IJlBe~ - IJlBe~Ka - IJlBe~LI Swedish
KaKou Balli po~H68 rop6~? In what city were you born?
Mou po~H68 rop6~ ... I was born in ...
f~e BLI ceifqac iKHB~he? Where do you live now?
Ceifqac jJ iKHBY B ... I am living in ...
f~e BLI iKHnH paHLWe? Where did you live before that?
PaHLwe jJ iKHn B ... I used to live in ...
ManeHLKHH small
6onLW6H big
CTapLIH old
HOBLIH new
KpacHBLIH pretty
6LITL to be
1 PyccKuii is the masculine form; pyccKaJI is the feminine form; pyccKue is the plural
form. All the nationalities listed follow this format. The gender used must agree with
the subject of the sentence.
46 YpoK 4. HAIUtOHAJibHOCTb

rpaMMaTMHa • Grammar
Table 10
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB )J(HTh (FifE?)
IN THE PRESENT TENSE
H :>KHBY Mbl :>KHBeM
Tbl :>KHBeiiib Bbl :>KHBi:!Te
OH, OHa :>KHBi:!T OHH :>KHBYT

Past Tense of Verbs


The past tense of a majority of Russian verbs is formed from the
infinitive stem, adding the suffix -fl (m.), -fla (f.), -flo (n.) or -flu (pl.). For
example, :JICUmb - :JICU!l, pa6omamb - pa6omafl. Reflexive verbs add
the particle -cR (-cb). For example, y'lumbCR - YllU!lCR.
Table lOa
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS )J(HTh AND EMTh
IN THE PAST TENSE

il\111 h I Uhllh
H,Tbl, OH )I(HJI H, Tbl, OH 6bm
H, Tbl, OHa :>KHJia H, Tbl, OHa 6I>ma

Mbl, Bbl, OHH )I(HJIH Mbl, Bbl, OHH 6bmH


Table 11
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS PAEOTATh AND yqHThCH
IN THE PAST TENSE

pafio 1 a 1 h I ~··1111 t.CSI


H,Tbi, OH pa60TaJI H, Tbi, OH yqHnCH
H, Tbi, oHa pa6oTana H, Tbl, OHa yqHnaCb

Mbi, Bhl, OHH pa6onum Mbl, Bbi, OHH yqHJIHCb

Adjectives
Russian adjectives in the nominative case have the following endings.
Masculine Singular: -ou (if syllable stressed), •bzu, -uu (soft root,
after 1<, z, x, £ll, 'l and also after Ut, :JIC).
Lesson 4. NATIONALITY 47

Feminine Singular: -aR (hard root), -flfl (soft root)


Neuter Singular: -oe (hard root), -ee (soft root)
Plural: -bze (hard root), -ue (soft root)
Masculine adjectives answer the question KaKou?, feminine -
KaKaR?, neuter- KaKoe?, plural- KaKue?
Table 12
ADJECTIVES: MASCULINE SINGULAR, FEMININE SINGULAR,
NEUTER SINGULAR AND PLURAL
KaKoii? KaKaH? KaKoe? KaKHe?
pOAHOH pOAHWI pOAHOe pO.L{Hbie
6oJiblliOH 60JiblllaJI 6oJILllloe 6oJILIIIHe
HOBbiH HOB WI HOBOe HOBbie
CTapbiH cTapax cTapoe cTaphle
KpaCHBbiH KpaCHBWI KpaCHBOe KpaCHBbie
pyCCKHH pyccKax pyccKoe pyccKHe

Table 13
PREPOSITIONAL CASE: NOUNS ENDING IN -HH
qTO 3TO? r,L{e?
PoccHH B PoccHH
<l>paH!:~HH BO <l>paH~HH
fepMaHHH B fepMaHHH
YlTaJIHH B Y!TaJIHH
AHrnHH BAHrJIHH
JirroHHH BJ!IIOHHH
but:
MocKBa B MocKBe
AMepHKa BAMepHKe
KHTaM: Bl<HTae
Kopex B Kopee
48 YpoK 4. HAIUtOHAIIbHOCTb

YnpamHeHHJI • Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper adjectival ending.
60Jibiii ... ropo.n;, HOB .. , JaBO,ZJ;, KpaCHB ... <l>paHI.J;)')KeHKa, CTap ... llOlJTa,
pO,ll;H .. , ropo.n;, pyccK .. , CTy.n;eHTbi, aMepHKaHCK .. , 6aHKH, HTaJIM.IHCK .. ,
YHHBepCHTeTbl, KpaCHB ... no.n;pyra, MaJieHbK... <I>HpMa, HOB ... .n;pyr, CTap ...
.n;py3I>H, IIIBe,ZJ;CK.. , llOCOJibCTBO.
2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb 31CUmb.
Ceifqac H ... B MocKBe. PaHI>IIIe H ... B AMepuKe. f.n;e MI>I ... ? JleHa ...
B Poccuu. PaHI>IIIe MI>I ... B MocKBe, ceifqac Mbl ... B KneBe. f.n;e OHH ... ?
,L(:>KoH paHI>IIIe ... B AHrnHH, ceifqac ... B fepMaHHH. f.n;e BI>I ... ?
3. Place the words in parentheses in the proper form, and fill in the blanks
with the proper word.
BaH :>KoBer B (KuTaii). OH ....
.5I :>KHBY B (illBei.J;HH) . .5I ....
JliOlJHH :>KHBer B (lfTaJIHH). 0Ha ....
<l>pu.n;pHX H faHU :>KHBYT B (fepMaHHH). 0HH ....
Tbi :>KHBeiiii> B (AMepuKa)? Tbi ... ?
MI>I :>KHBeM B (PoccHH). MI>I ... .
BI>I :>KHBere B (AHrnnH)? BI>I ... ?
)l(aH :>KHBeT Bo (<l>paHUHH). OH ... .
TI>I :>KHBeiiii> B (.51noHnH). Tbi ... .
4. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.
a) Example: - BI>I 6I>IJIH B AMepuKe?
- ,D;a, H 6I>m B AMepuKe.
- HeT, H He 6I>m B AMepuKe.
TI>I 6I>ma B MocKBe? JleHa u AHTOH 6biJIH B HTannu? ,L(:>KOH 6biJI B
fepMaHHH? HaTaiiia 6I>ma B illBeu;uu? Bl>I paHI>IIIe 6I>IJIH B MocKBe? BaiiiH
.n;pyJI>H 6biJIH B Poccuu? BnKTop 6I>m B KHTae?

6) Example: - Tbi aMepuKaHeu;?


- ,ll;a, H aMepuKaHeu;.
- HeT, H He aMepnKaHeu;, H pyccKHH.
OH aHrJIHtiaHnH? 0Ha IIIBe.n;Ka? 0HH HeMUI>I? BI>I pyccKuii? .5I
KHTaeu? TI>I <PpaHUyJ? MI>I pyccKne? MaPTa HeMKa? Po6ePT aMepuKaHeu;?
0HH KOpeHI.J;bi?
Lesson 4. NATIONALITY 49

B) Example: - 3To 6oni>rnoi1: ropo.n?


- ,[(a, 3To 6oJihiiiOH ropo.n.
- HeT, 3To He 6onhiiiOH ropo.n.
3TO HOBbiH YHHBepCHTeT? 3TO 60JibiiiM qmpMa? 3TO CTapM lilKOna?
3TO ManeHbKHH 3aBO.L{? 3TO HOBbie Mara3HHbi? 3TO 60Hbli1He 6aHKH?
3TO CTapbie qmpMbi? 3TO ManeHbKHe HHCTHryTbi?

5. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb 6blmb.
Tbi ... B ITapmKe? HaTarna ... B EepnHHe? r.ne Bbl ... ? 5I ... B
yHHBepcHTeTeo 0Ha .. B AMepHKe? Mbi .. B qmpMe? 0HH .. Ha 3aBo.ne.
0 0 0

OH ... Ha rrotiTeo

6. Put the words in parentheses in the proper form.


- r.ne Bbl ()I(HTb)?- 5I ()I(HTb) B MocKBe, a paHblile jJ ()I(HTb) B
JlOH,L{OHe.
- r.ne OH (pa6oTaTb)?- OH (pa6oTaTb) B 6aHKe, a paHblile (pa6o-
TaTb) B HHCTHryTe.
- 0Ha (yqHTbCji) HHH {pa6oTaTb)? - PaHblile OHa (yqHTbCji), a ceii-
qac (pa6oTaTb )o
Ceiiqac Mbi ()I(HTb) H (yqHTbCjl) B PoccHH, a paHI>rne Mbi ()I(HTb) H
(pa60TaTb) B fepMaHHHo A r_ne OHH ()I(HTb) H (yqHTbC.R:) cenqac? f,ne OHH
()I(HTb) H (yqHTbC.R:) paHblile?

7. Place the pronouns in the proper form.


{5!) po.LJ:HOH ropo.n ITapH)I(o (OHa) po.nHoii ropo.n Ilpara. {Mbi) po.nHoii
ropo.n MocKBa. KaKoii (Tbi) po.nHoii ropo.n? KaKoii (Bbi) po,nHoii ropo.n?
(OH) po.nHoii ropo.n EepnHHo (OHa) po.nHoii ropo.n HbiO-HopK.

8. Place the words in parentheses into the proper form.


3.npaBCTBYHTe! MeH.a 30BYT ,L()I(OHo {5!) <!JaMHnH.a CMHTo 5I aMepHKa-
Heuo (5!) po.nHoii ropo.n liH:t<aro. PaHblile .a ()I(HTb) 11 (yqHTbCH) B AMepH-
Keo A ceiiqac .a ()I(HTb) H (pa6oTaTb) B MocKBeo ITo3HaKOMbTeCb, 3TO (.a)
.npyr BHKTOpo OH pyccKHHo (OH) po.nHoii ropo.n CaMapao Ceiiqac OH
()I(HTb), (pa6oTaTb) H (ytiHTbc.a) B MocKDe. A 3To (.a) .npy3b.a <llpH,npHx H
reni>Myr. 0HH HeMUhi. (OHH) po.nHoii ropo.n EepnHHo 0HH TO)I(e ceiiqac
(pa6oTaTb) B MocKBe. A KTO Bbl ITO HaUHOHallbHOCTH? r.ne Bbl ()I(HTb)?
f.ne Bbl (yqHTbCH) HHH {pa60TaTb)? I1 r,ne Bbl ()I(HTb), {pa6oTaTb) H (yqHTb-
C51) paHI>rne?
4-629
50 YpoK 4. HAUHOHAJlbHOCTb

11HanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- ,[t;aBaH:Te no3HaKOMHMCR. MeHR -Let's get acquainted. My name
30BYT ,z:t;,KOH . .51 aMepHKaHeu;. is John. I am an American.
- QqeHb npHRTHO. A MeHH 30BYT -Nice to meet you. My name is
AHTOH . .51 pyccKHH. Anton. I am Russian.
- AHTOH, a KaKoH: Barn pO.[{HOH - Anton, in what city were you
ropo.[{? born?
- MoM: pO.[{HOH ropo.[{ - MocK- - I was born in Moscow. And
Ba. A Barn? you?
- A Moil: - lfuKaro. -Chicago.
2)
- ITo3HaKOMbTeCb, no:lKa.rryH:cTa, - I would like you to meet
3TO <f>paHqecKO. Francesco.
- QqeHb npHHTHo. A MeHH 30BYT - Nice to meet you. My name is
11pa. Ira.
-11pa,BbipyccKaH? -Ira, are you Russian?
- ,[t;a, H pyccKaH. A KTO Bhl no Ha- -Yes, I am Russian. And what is
U:HOHaJibHOCTH? your nationality?
~.51 HTa.JibHHeu:. PaHr,rne H :lKHJI B - I am Italian. I used to live in
PuMe, a ceH:qac :lKHBY B MocK- Rome, and now I live in Mos-
Be. 11pa, a Bbl 6biJIH B11Ta.JIHH? cow. Ira, have you ever been to
Italy?
- Her, He 6I.ma. <I>paHqecKo, a Bhl -No, I haven't. Francesco, do you
pa6oTaeTe HJIH yqHTeci> BMoc- work or study in Moscow?
KBe?
- 5I yqyci> B yHHBepcuTeTe. - I study at the university.
3)
- 3.[{paBCTByii, BHKTopuH! - Hello, Viktoria!
- 3.[{paBCTByH:, HaTarna! -Hello, Natasha!
-KaK,[{ena? - How are you?
- CnacH6o, xoporno. A KaK TBOH -Fine, thanks. And how are you?
,[{ena?
- CnacH6o, TO:lKe xoporno. - Also fine, thank you.
- BHKTOpHH, Tbi rnBe.[{Ka? - Viktoria, are you Swedish?
- ,[t;a, H rnBe,[{Ka. - Yes, I am Swedish.
- A KaKOH TBOH po.[{HOH ropo.[{? - And in what city were you born?
- Moil: po.[{HOH ropo.[{ CToKrOJibM. - I was born in Stokholm.
- 3TO KpaCHBbiH ropo.[{? - Is it a pretty city?
Lesson 4. NATIONALITY 51

- .lJ:a, :no KpaCMBbiM, 6oJiblliOM M -Yes, it's a pretty, bigandoldcity.


cTapbiM ropo,ll. A Tbi 6bma B Have you been to Stockholm?
CTOKrOJibMe?
- HeT, He 6bma. -No, I haven't.
4)
- .lJ:aBaifTe no3HaKOMMMCj!. MeHj! - Let's get acquainted. My name
30Byr BMKTop . .si pyccKMM. is Viktor. I am Russian.
- QqeHh npmnHo. A MeHji 30BYT -Nice to meet you. My name is
Po6epT. .si aHrJIMqaHMH. Robert. I am English.
- Po6epT, Bhi )I(MBeTe BMoeRBe? - Robert, do you live in Moscow?
- .lJ:a, ceifqac H )I(MBY Mpa6oTaiO -Yes, now I live and work in
B MocKBe. Moscow.
- A r,lle Bbi pa6oTaeTe? - And where do you work?
- .si pa6oTaiO B qmpMe. - I work at a firm.
- A KTO Bbl DO npo<t>ecCMM? -And what is your profession?
- .sJ: 3KOHOMMCT. - I am an economist.
- A r,lle Bbi )I(MJIM paHbiiie? - And where did you use to live?
- PaHbiiie H )I(MJI B AHmMM. Moif - I used to live in England. I was
po.n;Hoif ropo,ll JloH,llOH. Bbi 6bi- born in London. Have you been
JIM BJlOH,llOHe? to London?
- .lJ:a, 6hiJI. 3TO oqeHb KpaCMBbiM -Yes, I have. It is a very pretty
ropo.n:. city.
- MocKBa TO)I(e oqeHh 6oJihiiiOM - Moscow is also a very big, pret-
MKpacMBbiM ropo,ll. BMKTop, a ty city. Viktor, were you born in
MocRBa Barn po,llHOM ropo.ll? Moscow?
- Her, MOM po,llHOM ropo.n: CMo- -No, I was born in Smolensk. But
neHcK. Ho ceifqac H )I(MBY M now I live and study in Moscow.
yqych BMoeRBe.
- A r.n:e Bbi yqMTech? - And where do you study?
- .sJ: yqycb BMHCTMTyre. - I study at the institute.
5)
- Carna, 3TO TBOM .llPY3bH? - Sasha, are these your friends?
- .lJ:a, 3TO MOM ,n;py3bH. Il03Ha- -Yes, they're my friends. Let me
ROMbCH, no)l(aJiyMCTa. 3TO Map- introduce you. This is Marta.
Ta. 0Ha HeMKa. 0Ha )I(MBeT M She is German. She lives and
yqMTCH BMocKBe. 3TO )KaH. OH studies in Moscow. This is Jean.
<i>paHUy3. Ceifqac OH TO)I(e )1(11- He is French. He is also living
BeT B MocKBe 11 yqMTCH B YHM- in Moscow and studying at the
BepcHTeTe. 3TO Po6epT. OH aH- university. This is Robert. He is
rnMqaHMH. Po6epT pa6oTaeT B English. Robert works in a firm.
<i>HpMe. OH 3ROHOMMCT. He is an economist.
52 YpoK 4. HAitMOHAIIbHOCTb

- QqeHL rrpHHTHO. MeHH 30BYT - Nice to meet you. My name is


JlHH . ..si KHTaeu. Ceti:qac H To:>Ke Lin. I am Chinese. I am now liv-
:>KHBY H pa6oTaiO B MocKBe. ing and working in Moscow.
- QqeHL rrpHHTHO, JlHH. A r.ne BLI -Nice to meet you, Lin. And
:>KHJIH paHLIIIe? where did you use to live?
- PaHLIIIe H :>KHJI B IIeKHHe. - I used to live in Peking.
- IIeKHH Baiii po,nHoti: ropo.n? - Is Peking where you were born?
- HeT, MOM po,nHoti: ropo.n Xap- -No, I was born in Harbin.
6HH.
2. Ask each other about your nationalities, your native city, where you used
to live, in what cities you have been.

Tecr • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 6)
- KTo OH no HaUHOHaJILHOCTH? - 3TO 60JILIIIOH ropo,n?

2) 7)
- 0Ha pyccKaH? - f.ne oH :>KHBeT ceti:qac?

3) 8)
- KaKoti: Baiii po,nHoti: ropo.n? - 0HH :>KHBYT B MocKBe?

4) 9)
- f.ne BLI :>KHJIH paHLIIIe? - OH 6Lm B JloH,noHe?

5) 10)
- f.ne BLI pa6oTaeTe? - f,ne OHH yqHJIHCL?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 3)

- HeT, OH He aMepHKaHeu, oH He- - ..si :>KHBY B AMepHKe.


Meu.
2) 4)

- 0Ha IIIBe,nKa. - PaHLIIIe OHH :>KHJIH B MTaJIHH.


lesson 4. NATIONALITY 53

5) 8)

- ,lJ,a, OHM aHrJIH"'aHe. - Ceuqac oH :>KHBeT B MocKBe.


6) 9)

- ,[l,a, 3TO CTapbiH ropo.n;. - HeT, H He 6I>m B JloH.n;oHe.


7) 10)

- ReT, 3TO MaJieHbKHH ropo.n;. - Moil po.n;Hoil ropo.n; KHeB.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 4.


YpoH 5 • Lesson 5

fl3biH • Language

neHCHHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.
rDBOpMTb to speak
qnTaTb to read
IIMcclTb to write
IIOHMMclTb to understand

BLr roBopi1Te no-pyccKn? Do you speak Russian?


Bbr roBop11Te no-aHrrrMH:cKn? Do you speak English?
,[(a, g roBopi6 rro-pyccKn Yes, I speak Russian (English, etc.)
(no-aHrJIMHCKM MT. ,n:.).
HeT, g He roBopi6 rro-pyccKn No, I don't speak Russian (English,
(no-aHrJIMHCKM MT. ,n:.) etc.)

.5I HeMH6ro roBopi6 no-pyccKM. I speak a little Russian .


.5I xopom6 roBopi6 rro-pyccKn. I speak Russian well .
.5I rm6xo roBopi6 rro-pyccKM. I speak Russian poorly.

MO% (+ UHpwmmu6) to be able (+ infinitive)


BLr MO)I(eTe qnTaTb rro-pyccKn? Are you able to read Russian?
.5£ MOry qMTclTb rro-pyCCKM. I can read Russian.
.5I He Mory qnTaTb no-pyccKn. I am not able to read Russian.

KaK6H Bam po,n:H6i1: H3hiK? What is your native language?


MoH: po,n:H6H H3hiK ... My native language is ...

of course
but
Lesson 5. LANGUAGE 55

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 14
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
lfHTATh, IIOHHMATh, FOBOPHTh, IIHCATh
IN THE PRESENT TENSE
•tutatt. I uotllntalt.

.II 'iHTRIO .II llOHHMRIO


Thl 'iHTaewh Thl llOHHMReWh
ou, oua 'iHTaeT OH, OHR llOHHMaeT
Mhl 'iHTReM Mhl llOHHMaeM
Bhl 'iHTaeTe Bhl llOHHMReTe
OHH 'iHTRIOT OHH llOHHMRIOT

I OB0p111 h I IIIIC:l I h

.II fOBOpiO .II nHwy


Thl fOBOpHWh Thl nHwewh
ou,oua fOBOpHT ou,oua llHWeT
Mhl fOBOpHM Mhl llHWeM
Bhl fOBOpHTe Bhl llHWeTe
OHH fOBOp.IIT OHH llHW)'T

Table 15
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
lfHTATh, IIOHHMATh, FOBOPHTh, IIHCATh
IN THE PAST TENSE

'lllllllh I IIOIIII~I:llt.
.11, Thl, OH 'iHTaJI .11, Thl, 0~ llOHHMaJI
.s:, Thl, oua 'iHTaJia .11, Thl, OHR llOHHMaJIR
Mhl, Bhl, OHH 'iHTaJIH Mhl, Bhl, OHH llOHHMaJIH
1 onop111 h I I mea 1"
.11, Thl, OH fOBOpHJI .11, Thl, OH llHCaJI
.11, Thl, OHR fOBOpHJIR .s:, Thl, oua nHcana
Mhl, Bhl, OHH fOBOpHJIH Mhl, Bhl, OHH llHCaJIH
56 YpoK S. Jl3biH

Table 16
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB MOqh
IN THE PRESENT AND PAST TENSE

Present Past
.II Mory .11, Tbl, OH MOr
Tbl MO)Kelllh .11, Tbl, OHa Morna
OH,OHa MO)KeT Mbl, Bhl, OHH MOrJIH
Mbl MO)KeM
Bbl MO)KeTe
OHH MoryT

Remember:
Ka~<:oii HlldE'f roBOPHTb,DHC8Tb,'IHT8Tb
pyccKHH .113b1K no-pyccKH
aHrJIHHCKHH .113hiK no-aHrJIHHCKH
!l>paHUy3CKHH .113b1K no-!l>paHUY3CKH
HeMeUKHH .113b1K no-HeMeUKH
KHTaHCKHH .113b1K nO-KHTaHCKH
.llfiOHCKHH .113b1K nO-.IIfiOHCKH
KOpeHCKHH .113b1K no-KopeitcKH
IIIBe~CKHH .113b1K nO-IIIBe~CKH

HTaJih.IIHCKHH .113biK nO-HTaJih.IIHCKH

Ynpaa~HeHHH • Exercises
1. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.
Example: - B&I roBopHTe no-pyccKH?
- ~a, g roBopiO no-pyccKH.
- HeT, g He roBopiO no-pyccKH.

1 KaKou R3&liC? means 'What language?' as in 'What languages do you know?' or 'What
is your native language?'
Lesson 5. LANGUAGE 57
OH 110HHMaeT 11o-aHrJIHHCKH? Bbi 'IHTaeTe 110-HeMen;KH? 0HH
rOBOpHT 110-lf?paHUY3CKH? MLI 110HHMaeM 110-pyccKH? l:lpa MO)I(eT 11HCaTL
110-KHTaHcKH? ,ll;*OH H Po6epT MOryT roBopHTL 110-HTaJILHHCKH? TLI
MO)I(eiiiL 'IHTaTL 110-IIIBe,li;CKH?
2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs in parentheses.
PaHLIIIe H 11rroxo (roBopHTL) 110-pyccKH, a cei1:qac (roBopHTL) xopoiiio.
PaHLIIIe BHKTOp 11rroxo ('IHTaTL) 110-aHrrrHHCKH, a cei1:qac ('IHTaTL) xo-
poiiio. PaHLIIIe JleHa HeMHoro (110HHMaTL) 11o-Q?paHn;y3cKH, a cei1:qac
(110HHMaTL) O'leHL xopoiiio. Cei1:qac Mbl (11HCaTL) 110-HeMeU:KH OTJIH'IHO,
a paHLIIIe (11HCaTL) 11JIOXO. )J;)I(OH H JlHH cei1:qac XOpOlllO (rOBOpHTL) 110-
pyCCKH, a paHLIIIe OHH He (roBopHTL) 110-pyccKH. TLI cei1:qac xopoiiio
(110HHMaTL) 110-aHrrrHHCKH? A paHLIIIe TLI xopoiiio (110HHMaTL) 110-
aHrrrHHCKH? PaHLrne H He (Mo%) roBopHTL 110-pyccKH, a cei1:qac (MO'IL).
0Ha (MO'IL) 11HCaTL 110-KHTaHCKH? A paHLme oHa (Mo%)? BLI (Mo%)
'IHTaTL 110-IIIBe.n;cKH? A paHLrne BLI (Mo%)?
3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb .MOIIb and the proper
pronoun.
AHTOH ... 11HCaTL 110-pyCCKH. )TO ... po,n;HOH H3LIK.
TLI ... 'IHTaTL 110-HeMen;KH? 3ro ... po.n;HoH H3LIK?
Jl ... rOBOpHTb 110-lf?paHUY3CKH. 3ro ... pO,li;HOH H3LIK.
,lJ;)I(OH H ,lJ;)I(HM ... rOBOpHTb 110-aHrJIHHCKH. 3TO ... po.n;HOH H3LIK.
MLI ... 'IHTaTL H 11HCaTL 110-HI10HCKH. 3To ... po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK.
BLI ... roBopHTL 110-HTaJILHHCKH? 3ro ... po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK?
4. Fill in the blanks with the proper words .
.5I aMepHKaHen;. Moi1: po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK .... KoHe'IHO, H Mory roBopHTL H
11HCaTL ....
)KaH Q?paHn;y3. Ero po.n;Hoi1: H3biK .... KoHe'IHO, oH MO)I(eT 'IHTaTL H
11HCaTL ....
MapTa HeMKa. Ee po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK .... KoHe'IHO, oHa 110HHMaeT ... .
MLI KHTaHULI. Ham po.n;Hoi1: H3LIK .... KoHe'IHO, MLI roBopHM ... .
BLI IIIBe.n;? Bam po.n;Hoi1: H3:&IK ... ? B:&I 'IHTaeTe ... ?
JleHa H Calli a pyccKHe. l:lx po.n;HoH H3LIK .... 0HH 110HHMaiOT H roBo-
pHT ....
5. Place the verbs in parentheses in the proper form.
MeHH30BYT ,ll;)I(OH . .5I aMepHKaHeu. Cei1:qac H (*HT:&) H (pa6oTaTL) B
MocKBe. PaH:&me H He (Mo%) roBopHT:& 110-pyccKH. A cei1:qac H HeMHoro
(roBopHT:&) H HeMHoro (110HHMaT:&). Ho ('IIHTaT:&) H (11HCaT:&) 11rroxo. Moi1:
.n;pyr BHKTop - pyccKHH. PyccKHH ero po.n;Hoi1: H3:&IK. KoHe'IIHO, OH
OTJIH'I{HO (rOBOpHTL, 'IIHTaTL, 11HCaTL) 110-pyCCKH. MoH .n;py3:&H <l>paH'IIeCKO
58 YPOH 5. H3biK

H JliO'IHH XOpOillO (IIOHHMaTb) IIO-pyCCKH, HeMHOrO (11HTaTb H IIHCaTb)


IIO-aHrJIHHCKH H, KOHe'IHO, OTflH'IHO (rOBOpHTb) IIO-HTaflbHHCKH.

lJ.HanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- .ll:HMa, Bbi rosopHTe rro-pyccKH? - Dima, do you speak Russian?
- KoHe'IHO, H rosopro rro-pyccKH. - Of course I speak Russian. It is
3TO MOM po,n;HOH H3biK. my native language.
- A Bbi rosopHTe rro-aHrnHHCKH? - And do you speak English?
- ,n:a, H rosopro rro-aHrnHHCKH, HO -Yes, I speak English, but very
O'leHb rrnoxo . .5! xopomo roso- poorly. I speak French well, and
pro rro-cppaHQY3CKH H HeMHOrO understand a little German.
IIOHHMalO IIO-HeMeQKH.
2)
- .lJ:)l(OH, Bbl IIOHHMaeTe rro-pyc- - John, do you understand Rus-
CKH? sian?
- .lJ:a, H HeMHOrO IIOHHMalO H ro- -Yes, I understand and speak a
BOplO rro-pyccKH. little Russian.
- A Bbi MO)l(eTe 'IHTaTb H rrHcaTb - And are you able to read and
rro-pyccKH? write in Russian?
- .lJ:a, ce:H11ac H Mory 'IHTaTb H -Yes, now I can read and write in
rrHcaTb rro-pyccKH. Ho paHbme Russian. But I used to be unable
H He MOr rOBOpHTb, 'IHTaTb H to speak, read or write in Rus-
IIHCaTb rro-pyccKH. sian.
- A KaKOH sam po,n;Ho:H H3biK? KTO -And what is your native lan-
Bbl ITO HaQHOHaflbHOCTH? guage? What is your nationality?
- Mo:H po,n;Ho:H H3biK aHrnHHCKHH. - My native language is English.
.5! aMepHKaHeQ . .5! )l(Hfl B AMe- I am an American. I lived in
pHKe HrosopHn rro-aHrnHHCKH. America and spoke English. But
Ho ce:H11ac H )l(HBY Hpa6oTaro B now I live and work in Russia,
PoccHH H rosopro rro-pyccKH. and I speak Russian.
3)
- .lJ:asa:HTe II03HaKOMHMCH. MeHH -Let's get acquainted. My name
30BYT HaTama. is Natasha.
- QqeHb rrpHUHO. A MeHH30BYT -Nice to meet you. My name is
f'aHC. Hans.
- f'aHc, Bbi rosopHTe rro-pyccKH? - Hans, do you speak Russian?
- .lJ:a, H HeMHOro rosopro rro-pyc- -Yes, I speak a little Russian. I
CKH . .5! )l(HBY H yqycb BMocKBe. live and study in Moscow.
Lesson 5. LANGUAGE 59

- A KaKoii Bam po,lUIOH H3biK? -And what is your native lan-


guage?
- Moii po,lUIOH H3biK ueMeQKHH. - My native language is German.
-Bbl HeMeQ? - Are you German?
- ,[{a, H ueMeQ. A Bbi roBopHTe rro- -Yes, I am. And do you speak
ueMeQKH? German?
- ,[{a, H rOBOpiO H IIOHHMaiO IIO- -Yes, I speak and understand
HeMeQKH. German.
- Bbi 6hiJIH BT'epMaHHH? - Have you been to Germany?
-,[{a, H 6hlrra B T'epMaHHH . ..si pa- -Yes, I have been to Germany. I
6oTarra B:SeprrHue. worked in Berlin.
- :SeprrHu- :no MOH po,D;HOH ro- - Berlin is my native city.
po,D;.
- Qqeub KpacHBbiH ropo,11;! - A very beautiful city!
- HaTama, a KTO Bbi rro rrpo<t>ec- - Natasha, what is your profes-
CHH? sion?
- ..si ropHcT. A Bbi cry,D;euT? - I am a lawyer. Are you a student?
-,[{a, H cry,D;eHT, H yqych B yuH- -Yes, I am a student. I study at
BepcHTeTe. the university.
4)
- Il03HaKOMbTeCb, IIO)KaJiyHCTa, - Let me introduce you. This is
3TO MOH ,D;pyr JlHH. my friend Lin.
- Qqeub rrpHHTHO. A MeHH 30BYT - Nice to meet you. My name is
Cama. Sasha.
- Bbi pyccKHii? - Are you Russian?
-,[{a, H pyccKHH. JlHH, a Bbl rOBO- -Yes, I am Russian. Lin, do you
pHTe IIO-KHTaHCKH? speak Chinese?
- Kouequo, H roBopro H mrury rro- - Of course I speak and write in
KHTaHCKH . ..sJ KHTaeQ. KHTaH- Chinese. I am Chinese. Chinese
CKHH- MOH po,lUIOH H3biK. Cama, is my native language. Sasha, do
a Bbl I'OBOpHTe IIO-KHTaHCKH? you speak Chinese?
- HeT, H ue roBopro rro-KHTaHCKH. -No, I do not speak Chinese. Do
A Bbi roBopHTe rro-aurrrHHCKH? you speak English?
- lOBOpiO, HO oqeub IIJIOXO. -Yes, but very poorly.
- Ho Bbi OTJIHquo roBopHTe rro- - But you speak Russian very
pyccKH. well.
5)
- 3,D;paBCTByH, BHKTOpHH! Ilo- - Hello, Victoria! Let me intro-
3HaKOMbCH, 3TO MOH IIO,D;pyra duce you to my friend Lucia.
JliOqHH.
- Qqeub rrpHuuo, JlroqHH. Tbi - Nice to meet you Lucia. Are you
HTaJibHHKa? Italian?
60 YpoK 5. H3biK

- .[{a, g HTaJibHHKa. A TLI? -Yes, I am Italian. And you?


- 5I lllBe.n;Ka. - I am Swedish.
- TI:.I *HBelllb B MocKBe? - Do you live in Moscow?
- ,ll;a, ceifqac g )KHBY H yqyci:. B -Yes, I am now living and study-
MocKBe. A paHI:.llle *Hna B ing in Moscow. I used to live in
IllBe~HH. A TI:.I? Sweden. And you?
- 5I TO)Ke yqyc~> B MocKne. A - I am also studying in Moscow. I
paHLllle *Hna B PHMe. 3ro MOH used to live in Rome. It is my
po.n;Hoii ropo.n;. native city.
- JlroqHj!, a TLI rOBOpHlllb IIO-aH- - Lucia, do you speak English?
rJIHHCKH?
- HeT, He roBopro. A TLI roBo- -No, I don't. And do you speak
pHlllb IIO-HTanhHHCKH? Italian?
- HeT, g He roBopro rro-HTanLHH- - No, I do not speak Italian.
CKH.
- Ho MLI roBopHM H rroHHMaeM - But we both speak and under-
rro-pyccKH! stand Russian!
2. Ask your friends what foreign languages they know. What is their native
language?
3. Tell how you speak and read Russian. How did you speak and read be-
fore? What is your native language?

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 5)
- KaKOH ero po.n;HoH H3hiK? - BLI xopomo rrHmeTe rro-
<!>paH~Y3CKH?
2)
- 0Ha rQBOpHT IIO·pyCCKH? 6)
- KaKoii Balli po.n;Hoii H3LIK?
3)
- 0HH MOryT 'I:IHTaTb IIO-aHrnHH· 7)
CKH? - BLI MO)I(eTe tiHTaTL rro-pyccKH?

4) 8)
- PaHbllle oH rroHHMan rro-HeMe~­ - PaHLme BLI MornH roBopHTb rro-
KH? pyccKH?
Lesson 5. LANGUAGE 61

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 5)

-)];a, ,lJ;)I{OH rosopHT no-pyccKH. - KoHeqHo, H noHHMaro no-


KHTaHCKH.
2) 6)

- HeT, H He Mory qHTaTb no-rnse,n;- - 0HH xoporno nHIIIYT no-


CKH.
3) 7)

- Ee po.n;HoH HJhiK aHrJIHHCKHH. - Cetiqac Mbi HeMHoro rosopHM


4) no-pyccKH.
8)
- PaHbiiie JleHa He Morna roso-
pHTb no-<PpaHUYJCKH. -)];a, H rosopro no-<PpaHUYJCKH.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 5.


YpoH 6 • Lesson 6

0 cede • About Yourself

neHCMHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.
CKOJibKO BaM neT? How old are you?
MHe 20 neT. I am 20 years old.
CKOJibKO eMy neT? How old is he?
EM:Y 30 neT. He is 30 years old.
CK6JibKO e:H neT? How old is she?
E:H 25 neT. She is 25 years old.
Bbi )l{eHaTbi? 1 Are you married?
OH )l{eHh? Is he married?
,[(a, H ( OH) )l{eHh Yes, I am (he is) married.
HeT, H (oH) He )l{eHaT. No, I am not (he is not) married.
.5I (OH) XOJIOCT~ I am (he is) single .
Bbi 3aMyx<eM? Are you married?
OHa 3aMyx<eM? Is she married?
JI (oHa) 3aMyx<eM. I am (she is) married.
JI (oHa) He 3aMyx<eM. I am (she is) not married.
Y Bac ecTb ceMMi? 3 Do you have a family?
,[(a, y MeiDl eCTb CeMMI. Yes, I do.
HeT, y MeiDl HeT ceMbH. No, I don;t.
po,nH:TeJIH parents
OTeu (rrarra) father
MaTb (MaMa) mother
M)')K husband
)l{eHa wife

is the masculine form of 'to be married'.


1 )[(eHam

is the feminine form of 'to be married'.


2 3a.MyJK:e.M

3 When Russians ask this question, they mean kids/spouse, not your parents/siblings.
Lesson 6. ABOUT YOURSELF 63

)l;eTH children
CbiH son
,ll;O'Ib daughter
6paT brother
cecTpa sister
6a6yiiiKa grandmother
.n;e,n;yiiiKa grandfather

rpaMMaTMKa • Grammar
Table 17
PERSONAL PRONOUNS IN THE DATIVE CASE1

Nominative Dative
.si MHe
Tbl Te6e
OH,OHa eMy, e:H
Mbl HaM
Bhl BaM
OHH HM

Table 18
SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE DATIVE CASE
Masculine Feminine
Kmo? KoMy? Kmo? KoMy?
AHTOH AHTOHY Mpa Mpe
BHKTOp BHKTopy Harania HaTarne
6paT 6paTy cecTpa cecTpe
CbiH ChiHY )KeHa )KeHe
MY)I( MY)KY TaH.si TaHe
OTeQ OTQY Mapmr MapHH
AneKce:H: AneKceiO ,n;oqh ,n;oqepH
Mroph I1rop10 MaTh MaTepH

1 Used when asking and answering questions about your age.


64 YpoK 6. 0 CEliE

Remember:
• When a masculine noun in the nominative case ends in -ii or -b, the
ending in the dative case becomes -10: AHopeu-A1lope10, Hzopb- Hzop10.
• If the feminine noun in the nominative case ends in -uR or -&, the
dative form will end in -u: MapUR - Mapuu, Oottb - oo11epu.
Remember:
1 (O,AHH) ro,n
2 (,nBa), 3 (TpH), 4 (tieThlpe) ro.na
5 (rum,), 6 (rnecn,) ... neT

Table 19
PERSONAL PRONOUNS IN THE GENITIVE CASE 1
Nominative Genitive
X yMeHX
Tbl yTe6x
OH yHero
OHa y Hee
Mbl y HaC
Bhl yBaC
OHH YHHX
Table 20
SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE GENITIVE CASE
WITH THE PREPOSITION Y

Masculine Feminine
Kmo? YKozo? Kmo? YKozo?
AHTOH y AHToHa Mpa yliphl
BHKTOP y BHKTopa JleHa y JleHhl
MY>K y My>Ka cecTPa y ceCTPI>I
6paT y 6paTa >KeHa y >KeHhl
AJieKCeH y AneKcex HaTarna y HaTaliiH
rrperro,naBaTeJII> y rrperro,naBaTeJIX TaHX yTaHH
Mropb yMrop.si 6a6yrnKa y 6a6yrnKH

1 Used with the prepositiony to convey possession.


Lesson 6. ABOUT YOURSELF 65
Masculine
Nominative: 3TO AHToH. This is Anton.
Genitive: Y AHToHa ecn. )KeHa. Anton has a wife.
Feminine
Nominative: 3TO Hpa. This is Ira.
Genitive: Y Hphl ecT& M)')K. Ira has a husband.
Remember:
• If a masculine noun in the nominative case ends in -u or-&, then the
ending in the genitive case becomes -R.
• If a feminine noun in the nominative case ends in -R or -&, and also
after the letters K, z, x, ut, x, "'~• 'l, the ending in the genitive case be-
comes -u.
Table 21
SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE GENITIVE CASE
(AS USED IN THE NEGATIVE)

Nominative Genitive
Masculine
Y MeiDl eCTb 6paT. Y MeiDI HeT 6paTa.
Y MeHB: eCTb M)')K. Y MeiDl HeT My)Ka,
Y MeiDl eCTb ChlH. Y MeiDl HeT ChlHa.
Y MeiDI ecT& oren. Y MeiDl HeT OTI.(a.
Feminine
Y MeiDI ecn. cec1pa. Y MeiDI HeT cec1phl.
Y MeiDI ecT& )KeHa. Y MeiDl HeT )KeHhl.
Y MeiDl eCTb CeMbH. Y MeiDl HeT CeMbH.
Y MeiDl eCTb ,D;O''Ib, Y MeiDl HeT ,li;OtlepH.
Y MeiDl eCTb MaTb. Y MeiDl HeT MaTep}l.
Y MeiDl ecT& 6a6ywKa. Y MeiDl HeT 6a6yWKH.

Remember:
:V MeHR ecm& Oemu. - :V M€HJl Hem Oemeu.
:V MeHR ecm& pooumenu. - :V MeHR Hem pooumeneu.
5-629
66 YpoK 6. 0 CE6E

YnpaHCHeHMH • Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper word zoo, zooa or llem.
EMy 21 .... Eli 24 .... MHe 18 .... Te6e40 .... BaM 32 .... JleHe 20 ....
llpe 36 .... Bmcropy 54 .... MaMe 60 .... IIarre 65 .... CbrHy 3 .... ,ZJ;oqepn
4 ....
2. Place the words in parentheses in the proper form.
(.5I) 19 neT. (OH) 43 ro.n;a. (HaTarna) 12 neT. (Thr) 40 neT. (,Zl;)J(HM) 34
ro.n;a. (Bbr) 50 neT. (MaTb) 68 neT. (SpaT) 13 neT. (OHa) 16 neT. (CecTpa)
23 ro.n;a. (BHKTop) 45 neT. (ArreKceii) 36 neT. (:>KeHa) 25 neT. (IIpe-
rro,n;aBaTeJib) 32 ro.n;a.
3. Formulate questions for the following phrases.
Example: - AHTOHY 17 neT.
- CKOJibKO neT AHToHy?
JleHe 20 neT. EpaTy 21 ro.n;. MHe 16 neT. Mapre 48 neT. CI>rHy 1 ro.n;.
Ea6yrnKe 65 neT. ,Zl;e.n;yrnKe 80 JieT. Te6e 8 JieT.
4. Give positive and negative responses to the following questions.
a) Example: - BHKTop )J(eHaT?
- ,Zl;a, BHKTOp )J(eHaT.
- HeT, BnKTop He )J(eHaT. OH xonocT.
Barn .n;pyr )J(eHaT? Barna rro.n;pyra 3aM~eM? ,Zl;)J(OH )J(eHaT? MapTa
3aM~eM? Ero 6paT )J(eHaT? Ee cecTpa 3aM~eM? J[ )KeHaT? J[ 3aM~eM?

6) Example: - Y Bac ecTb ceMb.SI?


- ,ZJ;a, y MeH.R: ecTb ceMb.SI.
- HeT, y MeHH HeT ceMbH.
Y Bac eCTb 6paT? Y Hero ecTb MaMa? Y Hee ecn, 6a6yrnKa? Y HHX
eCTb po,n;nTenn? Y MeHH ecTb oTeu? Y BHKTopa ecTb )J(eHa? Y llpbr ecTb
M~? Y AHToHa H JleHbi ecTb ,n;eTn? Y Bac ecTb cbrH?

5. Put the personal pronouns into the genitive case with the prepositiony.
(Jl) eCTb cecTpa. (0H) eCTb CbiH H .L(O%. (Mbl) HeT 6a6yrnKH. (Bbr)
eCTb CeMbH? (Tbr) eCTb rro,n;pyra? (0Ha) HeT My)J(a. (0HH) HeT ,n;eTeH.
6. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case.
(HHHa) HeT (M~). (BHKTOp) HeT (po,n;HTeJIH). (CecTpa) HeT (,n;o%).
(EpaT) HeT (CbiH). (AH,n;peii) HeT ()J(eHa H .L(eTH). (TaHH) HeT (cecTpa H
Lesson &. ABOUT YOURSELF 67
6paT). (IOpHH: HBaHOBHq) HeT (6a6ymKa H.ne.n;yiiiKa). (EneHa IleTpOBHa)
HeT (ceML.H).
7. Place the pronouns in parentheses in the proper form.
(JI) 30B)'T IlaTPHK. (JI) 22 ro.n;a. (51) eCTI:. pO.ZJ;HTeJIH H 6paT. 3TO MO.H
no.npyra. (OHa) 30Byr K3pHH. (OHa) 25 neT. (OHa) eCTL Myx< H CI>IH. A
:rro MOH .npyr. (OH) 30B)'T ~:>KHM. (OH) 30 JieT. (OH) ecTI:. :>KeHa H.n;o%. A
KaK (BI>I) 30Byr? CKOJILKO (BI>I) neT? (BI>I) ecTI:. ceMI:..H?
8. Place the nouns in parentheses in the proper form.
3ro BHKTop. OH pa60TaeT (HHCTHT)'T). (BHKTOp) 35 neT. (BHKTOp)
eCTh CeML.H: :>KeHa, .ZJ;O% H CI:.IH. ()l{eHa) 33 ro.n;a, (ChlH) 10 JieT H (.ZJ;O%) 5
neT. A 3TO JleHa. 0Ha yqHTc.H (IIIKona). (JleHa) 14 JieT. (JleHa) eCTI:. po-
.n;HTeJIH, 6a6ymKa, .n;e.n;ymKa. (JleHa) HeT (cecTPa), HeT (6paT) H, KOHeqHo,
HeT (.n;eTH). (OTen;) 40 JieT. OH pa6oTaeT (6aHK). (MaT~>) 39 neT. 0Ha
pa60TaeT (3aBo.n;).

llHanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- AHToH, CKOJII:.Ko Te6e neT? - Anton, how old are you?
- MHe 20 neT. A re6e? - I'm 20 years old. And you?
- MHe 22 ro.n;a. - I'm 22 years old.
- Y re6.H eCTI:. 6paT? -Do you have a brother?
-EcTh. -Yes.
-AcecTPa? - And a sister?
- To:>Ke ecTI:.. A y Te6.H? - Yes. And you?
- Y MeH.H HeT 6paTa, HO ecTL ce- - I don't have a brother, but I have
CTPa. a sister.
2)
- BHKTOp, TI>I :>KeHaT? - Viktor, are you married?
- HeT, .H He :>KeHaT. .5I xonocT. - No, I'm not. I'm single.
- A CKOJII:.Ko Te6e neT? -And how old are you?
- MHe 21 ro.n;. A Te6e? - I'm 21 years old. And you?
- MHe 18 neT. - I'm 18 years old.
- A TI>I :>KeHaT? -And are you married?
- HeT, .H TO:>Ke He :>KeHaT. -No, I'm not married either.
68 YPOK 6. 0 CESE

3)
- Omi, y Bac 6onbiiia.H ceMbJI? - Olya, do you have a large fami-
ly?
- )];a, y MeHJI 6onbiiia5I CeMb5I. Y -Yes, I have a large family. I have
MeHJI eCTb 6a6yiiiKa, ,n;e,n;yiiiKa, a grandmother, grandfather, par-
po,n;HTemr, 6paT, cecTpa, My)!(, ents, brother, sister, husband and
,n;oqh. daughter.
- Y Te6JI ecTb ,n;oqr:,? - You have a daughter?
-)];a. -Yes.
- Cr<onbKO el1 neT? -How old is she?
- El1 10 neT. 0Ha yqHTCJI B IIIKO- -She is 10 years old. She's in
ne. school.
- A cr<onhKO neT 6a6yiiir<e H ,n;e- -How old are your grandparents?
,n;yiiir<e?
- Ea6yiiiKe 75 neT, ,n;e,n;yiiiKe 78 -My grandmother is 75, and my
neT. grandfather is 78 years old.
4)
- JleHa, 3TO TBOJI rro,n;pyra? -Lena, is this your friend?
- )];a, 3TO MOJI rro,n;pyra. -Yes, this is my friend.
- A r<aK ee 30ByT? - And what's her name?
- Ee 30BYT I1pa. - Her name is Ira.
- A CKOJihKO el1 neT? -How old is she?
- El1 18 neT. - She is 18 years old.
- 0Ha pa6oTaeT HJIH yqHTC5I? - Does she work or study?
- 0Ha yqHTC.R B YHHBepcHTeTe. -She's a student at the university.
- 0Ha 3aM~eM? -Is she manied?
-- HeT, oHa He 3aMyiKeM. -No, she's not manied.
-- Y Hee eCTb pO,ll;HTeJIH, 6paT, Ce- - Does she have parents, brother,
CTpa? sister?
- KoHeLmo, y Hee ecTb po,n;HTenH, - Certainly, she has parents and a
ecTh 6paT H HeT cecTpbi. EpaT brother, but no sister. Her broth-
)!(CHaT. I1 y Hero eCTb CbiH. er is manied. He has a son. His
Cr:,my 3 ro,n;a. son is 3 years old.
5)
- Tl03HaKOMbTeCh, IlO)l(aJiyHCTa, -I'd like to introduce you to my
3TO MOH ,n;pyr MaHKJI. friend Michael.
- QqeHb rrpH.RTHO. A MCH.R 30BYT -Nice to meet you. My name is
Caiiia. Mai1KJI, Bbi roBopHTe rro- Sasha. Michael, do you speak
pyccr<l1? Russian?
-)];a, 5I HeMHOrO rOBOpiO H IIOHH- -Yes, I speak and understand
MaiO rro-pyccKH. Cama, a KTO Bbi Russian a little. Sasha, what is
IIO rrpocj_)ecCHH? your profession?
Lesson 6. ABOUT YOURSELF 69
- 51 Bpaq H pa6oTaro B 6om,mm:e. - I am a doctor. I work in a hospi-
ABbi? tal. And you?
-51 3KOHOMHCT, pa6oTaiO B 6aH- - I'm an economist. I work in a
Ke. bank.
- MaH:Kn, a cKonbKO BaM neT? - Michael, how old are you?
- MHe 35 neT. A BaM? -I'm 35 years old. And you?
- MHe 37 neT. -I'm 37 years old.
- Carna, a y Bac ecTb ceMb.H? - Sasha, do you have a family?
- ,ll;a, y MeH.H eCTb )KeHa, CbiH H -Yes, I have a wife, son and
.n;o%. Comy 12 neT H.n;oqepH 5 daughter. My son is 12, and my
neT. daughter is 5 years old.
-A KTO Barna )KeHa? -And where does your wife
work?
- 0Ha npeno.n;aBaTeni>, pa60TaeT - She is a teacher. She works in
B HHCTHryTe. A Bbi )KeHaTbi? the institute. And are you mar-
ried?
- ,ll;a, H TO)Ke )KeHaT. Y MeH.H ecTb -Yes, I'm also married. I have a
CbiH. EMy 5 neT. son. He's 5 years old.
6)
- ,ll;aBaH:Te no3HaKOMHMCH. MeHH - Let's get acquainted. My name
30BYT JlroqH.H. 51 HTanb.HHKa. is Lucia. I'm Italian. I'm now
CeH:qac H )KHBY H pa6oTaro B living and working in Moscow.
MocKBe.
- QqeHb npHHTHO. A MeH.H 30BYT -Nice to meet you. My name is
K3pHH. 51 rnBe.n;Ka. 51 TO)Ke pa- Karen. I'm Swedish. I also work
6oTaiO B MocKBe. in Moscow.
- A r.n;e Bhl pa6oTaeTe? - And where do you work?
- 51 pa6oTaro B qmpMe. A Bbi? - I work in a firm. And you?
- A H - ByHHBepcHTeTe. - I work at the university.
- JlroqH.H, a Bhl 3aM~eM? - Lucia, are you married?
- ,ll;a, H 3aM~eM. -Yes, I'm married.
- A y Bac ecTb .n;eTH? - Do you have any children?
- ,ll;a, y MeH.H ecTb .n;o%. EM: 7 neT. -Yes, I have a daughter. She is 7
A Bbi 3aM~eM? years old. Are you married?
- HeT, H He 3aM~eM Hy MeH.H HeT -No, I'm not married and I have
.n;eTeH:. JlroqH.H, a Barn M~ TO)Ke no children. Lucia, is your hus-
HTanMIHe.Q? band also Italian?
- HeT, OH aMepHKaHe.Q. EMy 30 -No, he's American. He's 30
neT. OH HH)KeHep Hpa6oTaeT Ha years old. He's an engineer and
3aBo.n;e. works in a factory.
2. Ask each other about your ages and families.
70 YpoK 6. 0 CE&E

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 6)
- CKOnbKO neT JleHe? - CKonbKO BaM neT?

2) 7)
- Cama )KeHaT? - HaTarna 3aMy)KeM?

3) 8)
- Y Hee eCTb CeMMI? - Y IIpbi eCTb cecrpa?

4) 9)
- Y Bac eCTb .neni? - CKonbKO neT AHTOHy?

5) 10)
- Y BHKTopa ecTD ceMMI? - OH xonocT?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 5)

- EMy 25 neT. - Y Hac HeT ,neTeii.


2) 6)

- Y Memr Her 6paTa. - Y Hee 6onbrnru~ ceMMI.


3) 7)

- MHe 30 neT.
8)

- AHTOH xonOCT. - ,ll;a, y MeHH ecTb cecTpa.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 6.


YpoH 7 • Lesson 7

TeneiiJOHHbiH pa3roaop •
• Using the Phone

KoMMeHtapHA • Commentary
It is interesting to note that even foreigners who know Russian well
and who can explain themselves easily often have trouble when speaking
on the phone. It is not surprising that this happens, given that telephone
conversations have their own special rules that differ in every country.
How should one answer the phone? Should you introduce yourself? How
do you call the person you need to the phone? How does one request to
relay information? How do you recite telephone numbers? These are some
of the issues that we will address in this chapter.
You should be aware that Russians enjoy talking on the phone. This
is true for both personal and business conversations. Perhaps one of the
reasons for this is that in Russia, there is no time-based charge for calls
made within a city. Foreigners in Russia frequently notice Russians' ten-
dency to decide problems over the phone. In many countries, it is uncom-
mon to make work-related phone calls on the weekends or after work.
Such a custom does not exist in Russia. On the contrary, extended con-
versations with friends, relatives, and even colleagues and business part-
ners are acceptable. This is true especially if your colleague himself gave
you his home telephone and suggested that you call.
You should note how telephone numbers are recited in Russia.
In many other countries, telephone numbers are recited separately, i.e.
251-70-45 = two-five-one, seven-zero-four-five. In Russia, telephone
numbers are recited in three sets (i.e. two hundred fifty one, seventy, for-
ty-five). There are of course exceptions to this system; however you will
find that numbers are recited this way by a majority of Russians. This
system is especially difficult for foreigners learning Russian. We recom-
mend that you practice reciting phone numbers. If you are unsure wheth-
er you understood a number correctly, ask the person with whom you are
speaking to repeat the number, or recite it back to them yourself.
72 YpoK 7. TEJIECIIOHHbiM PA3rOBOP

Let's review the different phases of telephone conversations. We'll


begin with business communication. If you place a call to a business, they
will usually identify the type of business and it's name when they answer
the phone .
.- lfHcmumym ... (name), utKOJza ... , 6aHK ... , fjJupMa ....
-Institute ... (name), school ... ,bank ... , firm ....
If you hear only «AJUw!» (or Aile!, !(a! Ozywwo!) you should clarify
whether or not you have reached the intended party.
- 3mo uHcmumym ... ? 3mo utKOJla ... ? 3mo 6aHK ... ? 3mo
fjJupMa .. . ?
-Is this the institute ... (name), school ... , bank ... , firm ... ?
If you receive a confirmation, you should introduce yourself, adding
a form of greeting.
- 3opa6CmByume! or !(o6pblU oeHbl 3mo j(:JICOH CMum.
-Hello! or Good afternoon! This is John Smith.
A typical mistake that foreigners often make is to translate word by
word from their native language, saying:
- 3oecb CMum or Jl CMum.
-Smith here, or I'm Smith.
Often in business conversations, the impersonal construction is used when
the name of the speaker is not important. For example, one might begin with:
- 3mo zoBopRm U3 fjJupMbl ... or BaM 360HRm U3 fjJupMbl ....
-I'm calling from the ... company. (lit. You are being called from
the ... company.)
If you call a business not as a representative of an organization but as
an individual, you do not need to introduce yourself. You may simply ask
to speak to the person you are calling.
- Mo:JICHO Cepzefl H6aH06Ul/,a? or Eyobme oo6pbl, IlempoBa!
-May I, please, speak to Sergei Ivanovich? May I, please, speak to
Petrov?
When calling a business, it is customary to ask for someone using
their first name and patronymic, or if the organization you are calling is
large, just their last name. Asking for people using last names tends to be
done in large organizations where first names and patronymics may not
always be known to the person answering the phone. If you are calling
someone at home, you should address them as you normally would, ei-
ther by first name and patronymic, or by first name only.
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 73

After you have requested to speak to someone, you will likely hear
one of the following responses:
- ,[Ja I no:JK:a.Jlyucma I ooHy MUHymy I MUHymottT<.y.
-Yes I of course I one minute I just a minute.
If the person you are calling is not there, you will hear:
- Ezolee Hem. Eyoem no3:JK:e. I Eyoem e 2 ttaca. I Ilepe360Hume
ttepe3 10 MuHym. I T..fmo eMyleu nepeoamb?
-He/she is not here. He'll/she'll be back later. I He'll/she'll be back
at 2:00. I Call back in 10 minutes. I Would you like to leave a
message?
If asked to leave a message, you can give the following answers:
- Ilepeoaume, no:JK:a.Jlyucma, 11mo 360HWl ,[J:JK:oH CMum. Jl no360H10
eUfepa3.
-Please tell him that John Smith called. I will call back.
- Ilepeoaume, no:JK:a.Jlyucma, 11mo6bz oH no360HWl ,[J:JK:oHy CMumy.
-Please ask him to call John Smith.
- Cnacu6o, Huttezo. Jl no360H10 eUfe pa3 I noJ:JK:e.
-No, thanks. I will call him back.
Telephone conversations can be concluded just as any regular conver-
sation, with various forms of saying goodbye.
- ,[Jo ceuoaHUR. Goodbye.
- ,[Jo Jaempa. See you tomorrow.
-Po ecmpe11u. See you soon.
As for non-business phone conversations, you can use a more free
manner of addressing, greeting, and saying goodbye.
- Ilpueem, 3mo Cauta! Hi, this is Sasha.
-A, Cauta-npueem! Sasha! Hi!
- Hy, noT<a! Well, bye!
- IloT<.a! 3eoHu! Bye! Call me!
Finally, a general comment about telephone etiquette. You need to
take the initiative when seeking or giving information over the telephone.
It is not customary in Russia to offer or seek explanations over the tele-
phone. If the person being called is not in, offers to take messages are
few. So, you should not wait for 'May I help you?'; you should take the
initiative by asking to leave messages, finding out when the person will
return, etc.
74 YpoK 7. TEnEIIIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

neKCHKa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

Tene<lJ6H telephone
H6Mep Tene<lJ6Ha telephone number
KaK6ii: Barn (y Bac) H6Mep Tene<P6- What is your telephone number?
Ha?
Moil: H6Mep Tene<iJ6Ha .... My telephone number is ....
.n;enaTI>/c.n;enaTb 1 to do
3BOHHTb I II03BOHHTb to call
M6)1(HO IIeTp6Ba? Petrov, please.
M6)1(HO IIeTp6By? Petrova, please.
Ey.n;I>Te .n;o6p.h:r, lleTp6Ba! May I, please, speak to Petrov?
Ey.n;I>Te .n;o6p.b:r, IIeTp6By! May I, please, speak to Petrova?
Er6/ee HeT. He/she is not here.
Kor.n;a oH (oHa) 6y.n;eT? When will he (she) be in?
rr63)1(e/rrorr63)1(e later I a little later
B 5 qac6B at 5 o'clock
qepe3 2 qaca in 2 hours
cer6.n;IDI today
Bqepa yesterday
3aBTpa tomorrow
YTPOM in the morning
,llHeM in the daytime
BeqepoM in the evening
rDBOpHTb/CKa3llTb to say, tell
CKa)I(HTe, rro)l(anyii:cTa, ... Can you, please, tell me ...
IIOBTOp~TbfiiOBTOpHTb to repeat
liOBTOpHTe, IIO)I{MYHCTa, .. . Can you, please, repeat ...
IIo3BOHHTe, rro)l{anyii:cTa, .. . Please call ...
erne pa3 again
qTo eMy (eli:) rrepe.n;aTb? What message would you like to
leave?
IIepe.n;aii:Te, qTo ... Please tell him/her that ...
IIepe.n;aii:Te, qT66bi ... Please ask him/her to ...

1 For an explanation verb pairs (imperfective and perfective), see section Grammar.
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 75
~HHYTKYIMHsYTOqxy! One minute I just a minute
Cnyrnaro! Hello! (lit. I hear you)
cnpaBoqHru~ 09 information 09
,[{aiiTe, nmdnyiicTa, H6Mep Tene- Please give me the telephone num-
4>6Ha ... ber of ...
3llHHTO busy
rp6Mqe I norp6Mqe louder I a little louder
oH yrnen (oHa yrnna) he has left (she has left)
OH BhliiieJI (OHll BhliiiJia) he stepped out (she stepped out)
3HaTL1 to know
BLI 3HaeTe... ? Do you know... ?
BLI He 3HaeTe... ?2 Do you know... ?

rpaMMaTMHa • Grammar
Verb Aspects
Russian verbs have two aspects: imperfective (HecoBeprneHHLIH
B~- HCB) and perfective (coBeprneHHLIH B~- CB). In dictionaries,
both aspects are usually shown. For example: deJZam& (HCB), cdeJZam&
(CB). The imperfective and perfective forms of a verb make up a verb
pair, such as nucamb (HCB) - Hanucam& (CB), 'lumam& (HCB) -
npo'lumam& (CB), 360Humb (HCB)- no360HUmb (CB).
Both imperfective and perfective verbs describe the same action, but
within this, imperfective verbs describe only the action(OeJZam&, 'lumamb,
nucamb, 3Bonum&), and perfective verbs describe the completion, ending,
or result of the action (cdeJZam&, npo'lumam&, nanucam&, no3Bonum&).

Compare:
.fl 'lUmaJZ KHuzy. I read the book.
.fl npO'lUmaJZ KHUzy. I finished reading the book.
.fl nuca;z nuc&Mo. I wrote a letter.
.flnanuca;z nuc&Mo. I finished writing a letter.

1 The verb 3Ham&lto know is conjugated like the verb ttumam&lto read: 11 3Ha10, m&l
3Haew&, oH 3Haem, etc.
2 Polite form.
76 YpoK 7. TEnECIIOHHbiM PA3rOBOP

Imperfective verbs exist in the present, past and future tenses: oe-
Jza/0- oe!lan- 6yoy oe.namb. Perfective verbs do not have a present
tense, only past and simple future: coe!lan - coe!la/0.
For more details about imperfective and perfective verbs, see A Short
Introduction to Russian Grammar.

Future Tense of Verbs


In Russian there are two forms of future tense: complex future and
simple future. The complex future is formed with the verb 6blnlb plus the
infinitive of the imperfective form of the verb (6yoy IJumamb, 6yoy
nucamb). The simple future is formed from the perfective form of the
verb just as the present tense of imperfective verbs. For example:.R nuuty
(imperfective)- .R Hanuuty (perfective simple future); 5! IJumaiO (imper-
fective) - .R npoiJumaiO (perfective simple future). For more detailed
information on the future tense of verbs, refer to A Short Introduction
to Russian Grammar.

Table 22
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB EblTb IN THE FUTURE TENSE

5!6y.ll:y Mbl 6y,ll;eM


Thi 6y.ll:eiiih Bhi 6y,ll;eTe
OH, OHa 6y,ll;eT OHM 6y,ll;yT

Table 23
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
J(EJIATb/CJ(EJIATb (qTO?) AND 3BOHHTb/II03BOHHTb (KOMY?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

JJ.CJiaTb (HCB) I CJJ.CJiaTb (CB)


Present tense
,ll;enaiO
5! Mbl ,ll;enaeM
Present tense for perfective verbs
Tbl ,ll;enaelllh Bbi ,ll;enaeTe
does not exist.
OH,OHa ,ll;enaeT OHM ,ll;eJiaiOT
Past tense
Tbi, OH
5!, ,n:enan 5!, Tbl, OH c,ll;enan
Tbi, OHa
5!, ,n:enana 5!, Thi, OHa C,ll;enana
Mbi, Bbi, OHM .n:enanM Mbi, Bbl, OHM C,ll;enanM
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 17

Continued
JlCJI:lTb (HCB) I CJlCJI:lTb (CB)
Future tense
H 6y.n:y .n:enaTL H c,nenaro
Tbl 6y,n:eiiiL .n:enaTL Tbl c.n:erraeiiiL
OH,OHa 6y,n:eT .n:enaTL OH,OHa c.n:erraeT
Mhl 6y,n:eM .n:enaTL Mbl c.n:enaeM
Bhl 6y,n:eTe .n:enaTL Bbl c.n:erraeTe
OHH 6y,n:yT .n:erraTL OHH c.n:erraroT

31WIIItrh (HCB) I II03BOIIIII h (CB)


Present tense
H 3BOHIO Mhl 3BOHHM
Present tense for perfective verbs
Tbl 3BOHHIIIb Bhl 3BOHHTe
does not exist.
OH, OHa 3BOHHT OHH 3BOHHT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH 3BOHHH H, Thl, OH 1103BOHHJI
H, Thl, OHa 3BOHHJia H, Tbl, OHa 1103BOHHJia
Mhl, Bbl, OHH 3BOHHJIH Mbl, Bhl, OHH 1103BOHHJIH
Future tense
H 6y,n:y 3BOHHTb H 1103BOHIO
Thl 6y,n:eiiib 3BOHHTb Tbl 1103BOHHIIIb
OH,OHa 6y,n:eT 3BOHHTb OH,OHa 1103BOHHT
Mbl 6y,n:eM 3BOHHTb Mhl 1103BOHHM
Bhl 6y,n:eTe 3BOHHTb Bbl 1103BOHHTe
OHH 6y,n:yT 3BOHHTb OHH 1103BOHHT

Table 24
CONJUGATION OF THE PERFECTIVE VERBS
,aATh/IIEPE,aATh/CKA3ATh (KOMY? qTO?)
IN THE PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

;~an. (CB) I IICflCJHllh (CB) I ct-::uatt. (CB)


Present tense of perfective verbs does not exist.
Past tense
H, Thl, OH .n:arr H, Tbl, OH rrepe.n:arr H, Thl, OH CKa3aJI
H,Thl,OHa .n:arra H, Thl, OHa rrepe.n:arra H, Tbl, OHa CKa3aJia
Mbl, Bhl, OHH ,Z:{aJIH Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrepe,n:arrH Mbl, Bbl OHH CKa3aJIH
78 YpoK 7. TEJIECIIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

Continued
JJ.alh (CB) I IH.')JCJ(a fh (CB) I CI,<Harh (CB)
Future tense
H .n;aM H rrepe.n;aM g CKa:>Ky
Tbl .n;aiiib Tbl rrepe.n;aurb Tbl cKa:>Keiiib
OH,OHa .n;acT OH,OHa rrepe.n;acT OH,OHa CKa:>KeT
Mbl .D;a.D;HM Mbl rrepe.n;a.n;uM Mbl CKa:>KeM
Bhl .n;a.n;nTe Bbl rrepe.n;a.n;uTe Bbl cKa:>KeTe
OHH .n;a.n;yT OHH rrepe.n;a.n;yT OHH CKa:>KyT

Imperative
The imperative of Russian verbs has two forms: the second person
singular and the second person plural. The imperative is formed from the
stem of the present tense of the imperfective verb or the simple future
tense of the perfective verb. To form the imperative, you add -u if the
stem ends in a vowel, plus -me for the second person plural.
For example:

Present tense
Infinitive (stem)/Simple Imperative Imperative
future tense (singular) (plural)
(stem)
quTaTb (HCB) quTa-ro qunrn! quTaiiTe!
rrpoquTaTb (CB) rrpoquTa-ro rrpoqnTan! rrpoqnTanTe!

If the stem ends in a consonant, add -u, plus -me for the second per-
son plural.
For example:

Present tense
Infinitive (stem)/Simple Imperative Imperative
future tense (singular) (plural)
(stem)
IIHCaTb (HCB) IIHIII-y IIHiliH! IIHliiHTe!
HarrucaTb (CB) HaiiHIII-y HaiiHliiH! HaiiHIIIHTe!
3BOHHTb (HCB) 3BOH-IO 3BOHH! 3BOHHTe!
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 79

Table 25
FORMULATION OF THE IMPERATIVE

Stem ends in vowel


Infinitive Imperative (singular) Imperative (plural)
'li-naTh 'lHTaJ:i! 'lHTaHTe!
pa6oTaTh pa6oTai1! pa6oTai1Te!
,[(enaTh ,[(enaii! ,[(enaiiTe!
,[(aTh ,[(aii! ,[(aHTe!
rrepe,[(aTh rrepe.[(aii! rrepe.[(ai1Te!
IIOBTOpHTb IIOBTOpHH! IIOBTOpHHTe!
Stem ends in consonant
Infinitive Imperative (singular) Imperative (plural)
3BOHHTb 3BOHH! 3BOHHTe!
IIHCaTh IIHIIIH! IIHUIHTe!
rOBOpHTb rOBOpH! rOBOpHTe!
II03BOHHTb II03BOHH! II03BOHHTe!
CKa3aTb CKa)KH! CKa)I(HTe!
IIOBTOpHTb IIOBTOpH! IIOBTOpHTe!
Remember:
1. The verbs
360HUmblno3BOHUmb require the dative case (KoMy?).
36oHumb AHmoHy. llo360HUmb Jle1-1e.
Review the endings for dative case nouns in Lesson 6, Table 18.
2. The verbs cKaJambloamblnepeoamb also require the dative case
(KoMy?). CKa3amb eMy. ,[Jaume MHe. flepeoaume AHmoHy.

Remember:
The dative case of Russian last names:
• Male last names, like first names and patronymics, have the ending ;
-yin the dative case, used after the verb 360HUmblto call. 36oHumb J16aHo6y.
CKa:J/Cume llempoey. flepeoaume Tuxo1-1o6y.
• Female last names end in -ou, while first names and patronymics
end in -e. 36oHumb H6aHo6ou. CKa:J/Cume flempo6ou. flepeoaume
TuxoHo6ou.
Compare:
-KoMy?
- lfBaHoey OJZezy lfBaHoButJy.
- HBaHoBou EJZeHe JfeaHOBHe.
80 YpoK 7. TEJIEIIIOHHbiA PAJrDBOP

Table26
ACCUSATIVE CASE OF ANIMATE NOUNS!
(USED IN PARTICULAR AFTER THE WORDS
MO)J(HO AND IiY/(hTE /(OliPM)

Masculine
Kmo? Kozo?
AHroH AHToHa
BHKTOp BHKTOpa
HBaHOB HBaHOBa
EopHc EopHca
IIeTPOBHti IIeTPOBHtia
CepreH: Cepreg
ArreKceH: ArreKceg
Hrop:r. Hropg

Feminine
Kmo? Kozo?
HpHHa HpHHY
Maiiia Maiiiy
HBaHoBa HBaHoBy
On:r.ra On:r.ry
II~oBHa IIeTPOBHY
TaH.JI TaHIO
Qng OJIIO
KaT.JI KaTIO

Remember:
The phrase "telephone number" requires the genitive case in the noun
(KozoltJezo?): HOMep meJZerjJoHa AHmoHa, HOMep meJZerjJoHa rjJupM&l. Re-
view the genitive case noun endings in Lesson 6. Look at Tables 20, 21.

1 In Russian, the ending of accusative case nouns depends not only on the gender and
number of the noun, but on whether it is animate or not. Questions in the accusative
become Kozo? and 'lmo?
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 81

Table 27
THE PAST TENSE OF THE PERFECTIVE VERBS
YHTH AND BhiHTH

yihn (CB) I Bhlii111 (CB)


H,TLI, OH ymeJI H, Tbl, OH BbiiiieJI
H,TLI, OHa ymna H, Tbl, OHa BbiiiiJia
Mbi, Bbi, OHM YIIIJIM Mbl, Bbl, OHM BbiiiiJIM

Remember:
1 (O,ll;MH) qac
2 (,naa), 3 (TpM), 4 (qeTI>Ipe) qaca
5 (nHTb), 6 (mecTb) ... qacoB
1 (O,ll;Ha) MMHYTa
2 (.nae), 3 (TpM), 4 (qeTI>Ipe) MMHYTbi
5 (nHTb), 6 (mecTI>) ... MMHYT

Please note:
Word order in the numeral + noun constructions is very important.
B 2 tlaca means exactly at 2:00.
T..faca e 2 means approximately at 2:00.
T..fepe3 10 MUHym means in exactly 10 minutes.
MuHym tlepe3 10 means in approximately 10 minutes.

YnpaJHHeHHJI • Exercises
1. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case.
Mo)I(HO (HaaH)? Mo)I(HO (HaTama)? Ey,ni>Te ,no6pLI, (Hropb Cepree-
BMq)! Ey,ni>Te ,no6pi>I, (HpMHa CepreeaHa)! Mo)I(HO (,[QKoH)? Mo)I(HO
(llleH:na)? Ey,ni>Te ,no6pi>I, (Jle6e,nea IOpMH: IleTpoaMq)! Ey,ni>Te ,no6pbi,
(Jie6e.l{eBa Oni>ra BacMJII>eBHa)! Mo)I(HO (TaHH)? Mo)I(HO (ArreKceH:)?
2. Put the words in the parentheses in the proper form.
0Ha 6y,neT qepe3 10 (MMHYTa). OH 6y,neT B2 (qac). Ilo3BOHMTe qepe3
2-3 (MMHYTa). Ilo3BOHM aeqepoM B 8 (qac). Ilepe,naii:Te, qro6I>I OH no-
3BOHMJI MHe B 5 (qac). CKa)I(MTe, no)l(anyii:cTa, qro eMy B4 (qac) 3BOHMJI
AHTOHOB. OHM 6y.nYT qepe3 30 (MHHYTa).
6-629
82 YpoK 7. TEJIECIIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb 6wm6 in the future
tense.
Cepreii ... B 10 qacoB. MLI ... qepe3 5 MHHyr. Kor,ZI;a oua ... ? JI ... B 2
qaca. Kor,ZI;a BLI ... ? TaiDI ... BeqepoM B 9 qacoB.
4. Change the word order in the following "numeral + noun" constructions.
Example: -On 6y,ZI;eT B 2 qaca.
- On 6y,ZI;eT qaca B 2.
ITo3BOHHTe, no)l(a.JiyHCTa, qepe3 20 MHHyr. JI 3BOHHJia eMy YTPOM B
8 qacoB. TLI MO)I(emL no3BOHHTL Taue B 12 qacoB? BLI MO)I(eTe no3Bo-
HHTL TIOTI03)1(e, qaca B 3? AlleKCeH 11BaHOBuq 6y,ZI;eT MHH)'T qepe3 5. IJe-
pe,ZI;aifTe, qro6LI OH TI03BOHHJI MHe qacoB B 5. ranuua MBaHOBHa 6y,ZI;eT
qepe3 30 MHH)'T.
5. Put the words in parentheses in the dative case.
BnKTopuH 3BOHHT (no,ZI;pyra). ~)KeMMe no3BOHHJI (,ZI;pyr). KonH u
TanH 3BOHHT (,Z1;py3LH). JI 3BOHIO (AneKceii). TLI no3BOHHJI (HaTama)?
MLI 3BOHHM (po,ZI;HTenu). BLI 3BOHHJIH (MropL HnKonaeBuq)? ITepe,ZI;aHTe
(Eneua BacunLeBua), qro 3BOHHJI Eopuc. ITepe,ZI;aHTe (AHTOHOB BnK-
rop ITeTpoBuq), qro6LI on no3BOHHJI (H). CKa)I(HTe (on), no)l(anyiicTa,
qro H 6y,ZI;y B 5 qacoB. ITo3BOHHTe ( oua) qepe3 20 Mnuyr. Kor,ZI;a (BLI)
MO)I(HO TI03BOHHTh? (MLI) MO)I(HO 3BOHHTL BeqepOM. ,[(HeM H 3BOHHJia
(npeno,ZI;aBaTeJIL), no ero HeT. 3aBTpa H no3BOHIO (Jie6e,ZI;eBa IOJIHH MBa-
HOBHa).
6. Change the construction of the following phrases.
Example: - ITepe,ZI;aiiTe, qro 3BOHHJI ~)I(OH.
- ITepe,ZI;aiiTe, qro6LI on no3BOHHJI ~)l(ouy.
ITepe,ZI;aHTe, qro 3BOHHJia HaTama. CKa)I(HTe eMy, no)l(a.JiyHCTa, qro
3BOHHJI AHTHTIOB MuxauJI MBaHOBuq, ITepe,ZI;aHTe, qro 3BOHHJIH ee pO,ZI;H-
TeJIH. ITepe,ZI;aiiTe, qro 3BOHHJIH ero ,ZI;pY3LH Oner u Cama.
7. Give possible answers to the questions.
Example: - Mo)I(HO Jleuy?
- MHHyrKy. I Ilo)l(anyifcTa.
- Ee HeT. I Oua ymna. I Oua BLimna.
Oua 6y,ZI;eT qepe3 10 MHHyr.
Oua 6y,ZI;eT B 2 qaca.
Ey,ZI;LTe ,ZI;o6pLI, MBana! Mo)I(HO A.rreKceH HnKonaeBnqa? Mo)I(HO Mpy
HJIH CepreH? Ey,ZI;LTe ,ZI;o6pLI, TaTLHHY EopucoBuy! Mo)I(HO ~oua?
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 83

8. Put the words in parentheses in the genitive case.


3TO HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (JleHa). CKa:>KHTe, IIO:>KaJiyHCTa, HOMep TeJie-
<t>oHa (6oJILHHUa .N'!! 52). f'.ne HOMep Tene<PoHa (po,nHTeJIH)? )l;aihe, no-
:>KanyM:cTa, HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (IIIKOJia .N'!! 10). TLI 3HaeiiiL HOMep TeJie<t>oHa
(<I>e,nop HBaHOBHq)? BLI 3HaeTe HOMep Tene<PoHa (MapHg HHKOJiaeBHa)?
3TO HOMep TeJie<t>oHa (<I>HpMa)?
9. Place the verbs 3Bonumblno3oonumb in the past and future tenses.
Example: - Ceil:qac g 3BOHIO BHKTOpy.
- Bqepa g 3BOHHJI BHKTopy.
- 3aBTpa g no3BOHIO BHKTopy.
0Ha 3BOHHT Hpe. BeqepoM MLI 3BOHHM ,npy3Lj!M. TLI 3BOHHIIIL AH-
TOHy? Caiiia 3BOHHT TaHe B 9 qacoB. BLI 3BOHHTe po,nHTengM? )l;:>KoH H
)l;:>KHM 3B0Hj!T nperro,naBaTeJIIO.
10. Read these telephone numbers aloud.
252-44-18, 335-10-22, 151-30-16, 283-49-59, 483-17-91,
137-97-90,113-80-56,475-70-63,338-10-45.
11. Form the present and future tenses of the following verbs.
Example: qHTaTh - g qHTaiO - g 6y.ny qHTaTh
IJpoqHTaTh, IIHCaTL, IIOBTOpgTL, fOBOpHTb, rrepe.naTh, IIOBTOpHTh,
pa60TaTL, CKa3aTb.

12. Form the imperative of the following verbs.


Example: ,neJiaTL- .nenaM:! .nenaM:Te!
3BOHHTL,HaiiHCaTL,pa60TaTL,IIOBTOpgTL,CKa3aTL,qHTaTL,roBOpHTb,
c.nenaTh.
13. Answer the questions.
qTO BLI ceil:qac ,neJiaeTe? qTO BLI 6y,neTe .neJiaTL 3aBTpa? qTO BLI
.nenanH sqepa? qTo AHTOH .nenaeT yrpoM? qTo JleHa 6y,neT .nenaTL Beqe-
poM? qTo Hroph H Caiiia .nenanH .nHeM?
84 YpoK 7. TEnECSJOHHblit PA3rOBOP

lJ.ManorM • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- Amm, 3TO crrpaBO'iHaH? - Hello, is this information?
- ,n:a. -Yes.
- LI:awTe, IIO)KanyMCTa, HOMep Te- - I'd like the telephone number
ne<PoHa 6onhHHU:hi .N2 52. for the hospital .N2 52, please.
- 253-40-61. - 253-40-61.
- IIoBTOpHTe, IIO)KaJiywcTa. - Can you please repeat that num-
ber?
-253-40-61. - 253-40-61.
- CrracH6o. -Thank you.
2)
- CrrpaBO'iHM. - Information.
- LI:o6phrw ,n;eHh, ,n;awTe, rro- - Good afternoon. I'd like the tele-
:>KanywcTa, HOMep Tene<PoHa phone number of school .N2 10,
IIIKOnbi .N2 10. please.
-924-16-75. -924-16-75.
-Crrac116o. -Thank you.
3)
- Anno! 3,n;pascTBywTe! Mo)KHO - Hello! Lena, please.
JleHy?
- MHHYTKY. -Just a minute.
- JleHa? -Lena?
- ,n:a, 3TO H. -Yes, this is Lena.
- IIpHBeT, 3TO Hpa. KaK ,n;ena? - Hi, this is Ira. How are you?
- 0TJII1'iHO. A TBOH? - Great. And you?
-To:>Ke. -Me too.
- iloKa. Ll:o BCTpe'iH. - Bye. See you soon.
- IIoKa. -Bye.
4)
-Anno! -Hello!
- 3,n;pascTBywTe, MapHH HHKO- -Hello, Maria Nikolaevna! This
naeBHa! 3To Caiiia. Mo)KHO is Sasha. Can I speak to Tanya?
TaHro?
-A, Caiiia! 3,n;pascTByw! TaHH - Sasha! Hi! Tanya is not here.
HeT. ITo3BOHH aeqepoM qacoB Call back this evening about
B 8. 8:00.
- CrracH6o. -Thank you.
- Ll:o CBH,ll;aHHH. -Goodbye.
8~
_Le_B_on_7_._U_SIN_G_T_H_E_PH_O_N_E________________________________

5)
-Anno! -Hello!
- ,LI;o6pbiH .n;eHb! Mo:>KHO AHTO- - Good afternoon. May I speak to
Ha? Anton?
- Ero HeT. lim nepe.n;aTb? - He is not here. May I take a
message?
- Ilepe.n;aifre, no:>KaJI}'H:cra, 1fl'O 3Bo- -Please tell him that John called.
HHJI ,lJ;:>KOH. 5£ TI03BOlllO BeqepOM. I will call back this evening.
- Xoporno. 5I nepe.n;aM. ,LI;o CBH- - Fine. I'll tell him. Goodbye.
.n;aHHH.
- ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH. -Goodbye.
6)
-Anno! -Hello!
- ,LI;o6pbiH Beqep! Mo:>KHO A.rreK- -Good evening! Aleksei Ser-
ceH CepreeBHqa? geevich, please.
- Ero HeT. OH Bbirnen. - He is not here. He stepped out.
- A Kor.n;a oH 6y.n;eT? - And when will he be back?
- MHHYT qepe3 5. - In about 5 minutes.
- CnacH6o. 5I no3BOHIO MHHYT - Thank you. I will call in about 5
qepe3 5. minutes.
- 3BOHHTe! ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH. - Please do. Goodbye.
7)
-Anno! -Hello!
- 3.n;paBcTByifTe! Ey.n;bTe .n;o6pbi, -Hello! May I please speak to
ranHHY MBaHOBHy! Galina lvanovna?
- Ee HeT. liTo nepe.n;aTb? - She is not here. May I take a
message?
- CnacH6o, HHqero. 5I no3BOHIO -No, thank you. I will call later.
no3:>Ke.
- ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH. -Goodbye.
8)
- Anno! 3m Mropb? -Hello! Is this Igor?
- ,lJ;a, 3TO H. -Yes, it is.
- IlpHBeT, 3To OnH. - Hi, this is Olya.
-KaK.n;ena? -How are you?
- CnacH6o, xoporno. - Good, thanks. And you?
- Mropb, Tbi He 3Haernb HOMep -Igor, do you know Oleg's tele-
TenecpoHa Onera? phone number?
- 3HaiO. 3anHrnH: 157-07-01. -Yes. Write it down: 157-07-01.
- 157-07-01? - 157-07-01?
-,LI;a. -Yes.
- CnacH6o. ,LI;o CBH.n;aHHH. - Thank you. Goodbye.
- ,lJ;o CBH,ll;aHHH. -Goodbye.
86 YpoK 7. TEIIEGIOHHbiA PA3rOBOP

9)
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe! 3TO 6aHK7 -Hello! Is this the bank?
- ,n;a. -Yes.
- Mo)I(HO Jie6e.n;eBa IlaBna <l>e.n;o- -Pavel Feodorovich Lebedev,
poBHqa? please.
- Ero ceifqac HeT. OH 6y.n;eT qe- - He is not here right now. He will
pe3 qac. LITo rrepe.n;aTb? be here in an hour. May I take a
message?
- Ilepe.n;ailTe, rro:>KanyilcTa, qTo - Tell him, please, that Erik Hans-
3BOHHJI 3pHK XaHceH . ..si rrepe- en called. I'll call back.
3BOHIO em;e pa3.
- Xoporno . ..si rrepe.n;aM. ,[l;o CBH- -Fine. I'll tell him. Goodbye.
.n;aHHH.
- ,[l;o CBH,I:(aHHH. -Goodbye.
10)
-J1HCTHzyT ... - Institute ...
- Ey.n;oTe .n;o6pbi, llOJIHKOBY AHey - May I, please, speak to Anna Va-
BacHJibeBHy. silievna Polyakova?
- 0Ha Y:>Ke yuma. ll03BOHHTe 3aB- - She has already left. Call back
TPaYTpOM. tomorrow morning.
- CrracH6o. ,[l;o CBH.n;aHHH. - Thank you. Goodbye.
11)
- CnyrnaiO. -Hello!
- Mo:>KHO Marny? - Masha, please.
- Ee HeT. 0Ha 6y.n;eT BeqepoM. Llro -She's not here. She'll be here in
rrepe.n;aTo? the evening. May I take a mes-
- IIepe.n;a:HTe, rro:>KanyifcTa, qTo sage?
3BOHHJI IOpa H qTo6bi oHa rro- - Please tell her that Yura called,
3BOHHJia MHe. Moil Tene<PoH and ask her to call me. My tele-
475-05-18. phone number is 475-05-18.
- IlOBTOpHTe, IIO:>KaJiyHCTa. - Can you repeat the number?
- 475-05-18. -475-05-18.
- 0Ha II03BOHHT BaM BeqepOM. -She'll call you in the evening.
- CrracH6o. ,[l;o CBH.n;aHHH. - Thank you. Goodbye.
12)
- Anno! Cepe:>Ka? -Hello! Sereozha?
-,[l;a. -Yes.
- 3ro Oner. IlpHBeT! -Hi! This is Oleg.
- IlpHBeT! -Hi!
- Tbl 3BOHHJI AHTOHy? - Did you call Anton?
- 3BOHHJI, HO TaM 3aHHTO. Il03BO- - I called, but his line is busy. I' 11
HIO em;e pa3 MHHYT qepe3 10. call again in about 10 minutes.
Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 87

- A JleHe TLI noJBOHHn? - And did you call Lena?


- ,ll;a. Ho ee HeT. 0Ha 6y,ZJ;eT Be'tle- -Yes, but she's not there. She'll
poM qacoB B 8. A TLI KOMY 3BO- be there this evening about 8:00.
HHn? And to whom did you call?
- j! 3BOHHn Hpe, HO ee TO)Ke HeT. - I called Ira, but she's not there
3BOHHn Kone, OH BLimen, 6y,ZJ;eT either. I called Kolya. He left, and
MHHYT qepe3 15. will be back in about 15 minutes.
- Hy, 6y,ZJ;eM JBOHHTL HM ew;e pa3! - Well, we will call them again!
-IloKa. -Bye.
-IloKa. -Bye.

2. Call information and find out the telephone number for the store "Mos-
cow".
3. Call information and find out the telephone number for the Pushkin mu-
seum.
4. Call your teacher and find out when your next lesson will be.
5. Call your friends and find out how they are doing.

Tecr • Quiz
1. Indicate which ofthe following phrases are correct and incorrect.
- Mo)I(Ho JleHy?
- fOBOpHT ~OH CMHT.
- 3,ZJ;ecL HBaHOBa Mama.
- Hy, noKa, IleTp HuKonaeBH'tl.
- ny,ZJ;LTe ,ZJ;o6pLI, CepoBa.
- j! -llleitrra ToMCOH.
- Ero HeT, noJBOHHTe nOJ)Ke.
- IIpuBeT, Mapm1 MuxaiinoBHa.
- IloJBOHHTe MHHYT 'tlepe3 10.
- 0Ha 6y,ZJ;eT B3 qaca.
2. Match the questions on the left with the answers on the right.

1) How do you introduce yourself - MHHYTKY·


on the telephone?

2) How do you answer the phone? - IloJBOH.HTe, no)KanyiicTa, no-


noJ)Ke.
88 YpoK 7. TEJIEIIIOHHbiB PAJrOBOP

3) How do you convey the absence - Ilepe~a8Te, noman:yHcTa, ':IT0-


of a colleague? 6LI OH MHe ll03BOHHJI.

4) How do you call someone to - Crryrnaro! Am:Io! MHCTHzyT!


phone?

5) How do you ask someone to hold - Ero ceuqac HeT.


the line?

6) How do you ask someone to call - 3To CepoB Ilaserr MBaHOBH':I.


back later?

7) How do you ask to take a -liy~Lre ~o6pLI, ~oHa CMHTa.


message saying that you called?

8) How do you leave a message - Ilepe~anTe, ':ITO 3BOHHJia HHKQ-


asking someone to call you rraeBa.
back?
3. Fill in the answers.
1) 5)
- qTo eMy nepe~aTL? - TLI 3HaeWL HOMep TeJie<t>oHa
AHroHa?
2)
- ,ll;anTe, noman:yncTa, HOMep Te- 6)
rre<t>oHa My3es IlyrnKHHa. - liy~Te ~o6pLI, IlonoBa.

3) 7)
- Mo)KHO lleHy? - 3To HHCTHT)'T?

4) 8)
- Kor~a oH 6y~eT? -KaKOU Bam HOMep Terre<t>oHa?

4. Fill in the questions.


1) 3)

- Be HeT. 0Ha BLimrra. - Ilepe~anre, ':ITO 3BOHHJia MaMa.


2) 4)

- Il03BOHHTe 3aBTpa yTpOM. - Be HoMep rerre<t>oHa 233-10-83.


Lesson 7. USING THE PHONE 89
5) 8)

-MHH)'TKy! - IloX<anyiicTa.
6) 9)

- 3anHIIIHTe: 118-14-40. - IIosropHTe em;e pa3, noX<anyH-


7) cTa.

- Hrop:& HHKonaeBHl:l 6y~e-r MH-


Hyr 1:1epe3 20.

5. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 7.


YpoH 8 • Lesson 8

OpMeHraQMJI a ropoae •
• Getting Around the City

KOMMeHTIPMM • Commentary

Russia's cities have a well-developed system of public transport:


buses, trolleys, trams. In Moscow and other major cities, the most po-
pular form of public transport is the metro. The metro in these cities is
not only convenient and fast, it's also a type of underground museum.
Most metro stations are beautiful, with sculptures, mosaics, and paint-
ings created by the best architects and artists.
To travel by metro, you need to first buy a :JK:emmt, or token, at one
of the metro ticket booths. The price of a token does not depend on how
far you are travelling in the metro; a one-way trip anywhere by metro
costs a flat fee. If you are going to use the metro frequently, it is recom-
mended to buy a npoe30Hoit 6UJZem, or monthly pass. They are for sale
at the end of the previous month at the metro ticket booths and city
kiosks.
For trips on the buses, trolleys or trams, you need to buy tickets.
Like the metro, there is a flat fee per trip, regardless of how far you are
travelling on that particular bus, trolley, or tram. You can buy individu-
al tickets, or books of 10 tickets for each type of transport. Like the
metro, you can also buy a monthly pass which is good on any bus, trol-
ley, or tram.
If you use several types of transport on a regular basis, such as the
metro and buses, it is advisable to buy a eowtbzit npoe3oHoit 6UJZem, or
single monthly pass. This single pass is good for a month's travel on
any form of transport: metro, bus, trolley, or tram. It will not only save
you money, it will also save time not having to buy tokens or tickets for
individual trips. Like the npoe30Hoit 6UJZem, it is for sale at the end of
the previous month at the metro ticket booths.
Lesson 8. GETIING AROUND THE CITY 91

In addition to the above forms of transport, there are also express


buses and fixed-route taxis. Express buses run, for example, from air-
ports to the nearest metro station, or they will travel along city bus routes
making fewer stops than the regular buses. Fixed-route taxis are usually
vans that accommodate 10 people that travel along set routes and usual-
ly cost 2-3 times more than regular buses. The fees for these taxis are
paid to the driver.
And of course there are also regular taxis. The number of official
taxis in the major cities is relatively low. Therefore, it is common in
Russia to use private cars as taxis. One can hail both private cars and
official taxis the same way: by simply extending one's arm as you stand
on the side of the street. You will need to agree upon a price with the
driver. Private cars will frequently be less expensive than taxis.
And finally, how do you find your way around a city? In all major
cities (and at all train stations and airports), there are kiosks marked
CnpaBKU, or Information. Here you can find out the address or tele-
phone number of a company, university or museum, and how to get
there. If you get lost, you can ask passersby H3BUHume, zoe ... or KaK
ooumu oo ... , KaK ooexam& oo ... You will usually get the information
you need.
92 YpoK 8. OPMEHTAIUtH B rDPOAE

neKCHKa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

YJIHI.{ai street
rrpocrreKT avenue
IIJI OllUl)J;L square
l{eHTP center

f';:J;e Hax.O;:J;HTC.H ... ? Where is ... located?


CKIDKiire, IIO)KWiyHCTa, r;:J;e Hax6- Tell me, please, where ... is located?
;:J;HTCH ... ?
BLI He CKll)KeTel, :r;n;e Hax.O;:J;HTC.H ... ? Can you, please, tell me where ... is
located?
... Haxo;:J;HTCH Ha TBepcK6i1 ynHI.{e, .. . is located on Tverskaya street,
Ha JleHHHCKOM rrpocrreKTe on Leninskiy prospect

TaM there
TYT here
pH)];OM near, next to
6JIH3KO close to
;:J;aJieK61He;:J;aJieK6 far/not far
CJieBa/crrpaBa on the left/on the right
HaJieBO/HarrpaBO to the left/to the right
IIpHMO straight
HaiipOTHB opposite

aBT66yc bus
TpaMBaH tram
TPOJIJiei16yc trolleybus
M~O metro
taxi
MaiiiHHa car
OCTaHOBKa aBT66yca, bus stop,
TPaMBaH,Tponnei16yca tram stop, trolleybus stop

1 In Russian with the words YJIU'Ia, npocneKm, TlJIOUiaOb the adjective form of the street
name is used, i.e. TBepcKaR yRulla, Kymy3oBcKuii npocneKm, KpaCHaR TlJIOUiaob or a
noun in the genitive case:yRuila Kozo? f/JaoeeBa (m.), PacKoBoii (f.), npocneKm MapwCllla
)[(yKoBa, TlJIOUIQOb FazapuHa.
2 Bbl He cKa:J/Ceme is a more polite way to begin a question or ask a favor than CKa:JICume...
Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY 93
CTllHUH.H MeTp6 metro station
CTOHHKa TaKCH taxi station

H.l{TH to go, to walk


H.l{TH neiiiK6M to go on foot
exaTb to go (by transport)
exaTb Ha aBT66yce to go by bus
HaTpaMaae by tram
Ha TPOJIJieif6yce by trolleybus
Ha MeTP6 by metro
Ha TaKCH by taxi
Ha MaiiiHHe by car

nepecli.l{Ka a transfer
.l{enaTI>/c.l{enaTb nepecli.l{Ky to make a transfer
nepex6.l{ crossing
BXO.l{ entrance
BLIXO.l{ exit
BbiXOMTb/BLIHTH to exit, to get out
BI>I ceifqac BhlX6.l{HTe? Are you getting out (at the next
stop)?
,ll;a, BbiXO)I()f. Yes, I'm getting out.
HeT, He Bhlxo)l()f. No, I am not getting out.

KaK .l{OHTH .l{O ... ? How can I get to ... ? (on foot)
KaK .l{oexaTb .llO ... ? How can I get to ... ? (by transport)
CKa)K:HTe, no*anyifcTa, KaK .l{OHTH Tell me, please, how to get to ... ?
.l{O ... ?
Bhl He CKll)KeTe, KaK .l{OOxaTb .l{O ... ? Can you, please, tell me how to get
to ... ?
MJBHH:HTe, 11 He JHaro. Sorry, I do not know.

HYx<Ho H.l{TH .. . you need to go ... (on foot)


HYx<Ho eXaTb .. . you need to go ... (by transport)
M6)KHOH.l{TH ... . you can go ... (on foot)
M6)KH0 exaTb .. . you can go ... (by transport)
nyqiiie better
UOT6M then

CK6JibKO OCTaH6BOK (CTllHUHH) How many stops (stations) are


HYx<Ho exaTb ):{0 ... ? needed to get to ... ?
94 YPDK 8. OPMEHTALUUI B rOPOAE

BOK3M train station


a3porr6pr airport
rocn1:mm:a hotel
o6rn;e)l(firue dormitory
pecropaH restaurant
Mara3HH store
.l(OM house
KBapTilpa apartment
ITOCOJU>CTBO embassy
Tearp theater
KHHOTeaTp movie theater
rrapK park
BbiCTaBKa exhibit

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 27
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS HJ(TH AND EXATh
(KYJ(A? J(OKYJ(A?) IN THE PRESENT TENSE

nt•nt (HCB) I cxan. (HCB)


~ H.IJ:Y Mbl H,n:eM ~ e.n:y Mhl eJJ;eM
Tbl uJJ;ernh Bhl u,n:eTe Tbl eJJ;ernh Bhl eJJ;eTe
OH,OHa H)J;eT OHH H.IJ:YT OH,OHa eJJ;eT OHH e)J;yT
Imperative
HJJ;H! li.l(HTe! e3)1(ail:!

Table 28
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB BblXOJ(HTb (FJ(E?)
IN THE PRESENT TENSE

BhiXOIUITJ. (IICB)
H BbiXO)I(y Mbl BbiXO)J;HM
Tbl BbiXO.l(Hillb Bbl BhlXO)J;HTe
OH, OHa BbiXO)J;HT OHH BbiXO)J;HT
Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY 95

Table 29
THE ACCUSATIVE SINGULAR OF INANIMATE NOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Accusative Case
Nominative Case Kyoa Bbt uoeme? /Where are
qmo :Jmo? /What is it? you going? (on foot)
Kyoa Bbl eoeme? /Where are you
going? (by transport)
Masculine
u;eHrp B JJ;eHrp
rrpocrreKT Ha rrpocrreKT
BOK3a.JI Ha BOK3a.JI
6aHK B 6aHK
Mara3HH B Mara3HH
KHeB sKHeB
JlOH,D;OH B JlOH,D;OH
Feminine
ynHu;a Ha ynHu;y
pa60Ta Hapa6oTy
IIIKOJia B IIIKOJIY
lj>HpMa B lj>HpMy
IIJI ollla.n;h Ha IIJIOllla,D;b
MocKsa B MOCKBY
but:
CTaHJJ;HH Ha CTaHJJ;HIO
PoccHH s Poccmo
AHrJIHH BAHrJIHIO
Neuter
IIOCOJibCTBO BIIOCOJibCTBO
06llle:>KHTHe B 06llle:>KHTHe
Remember:
• Inanimate masculine and neuter nouns do not change in the accu-
sative singular.
• Feminine nouns in the accusative singular have the ending -10 if
the nominative of the nouns ends in -fl (cmaHt~Ufl- Ha cmaHt~UIO}. Fem-
inine nouns that end in -b in the nominative do not change in the accusa-
tive singular (nllOUjaOb- Ha nJZOUjaob).
96 YpoH 8. OPMEHTALIMJI B rOPOAE

Table 30

NOMINATIVE, GENITIVE, ACCUSATIVE AND PREPOSITIONAL


CASES OF SINGULAR NOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Nominative Genitive Accusative Prepositional


qmo:Jmo? Homu, examb Homu, examb HaxooumbcR
What is it? ooKyoa? Go to Kyoa? UJlU 6blmb zoe?
(noun)? Go where? To be located
,l{oumu, or to be where?
ooexamb (oo
KQKOZO .Mecma)
Go to (noun)?
Masculine
qeHT}) .l{O qeHT})a B l{eHT}) B l{eHT})e
npocneKT .l{O npocneKTa HanpocneKT Ha npocneKTe
BOK3a.JI .1:{0 BOK3a.Jia Ha BOK3a.JI Ha BOK3a.Jie
HHCTHT)'T .1:{0 HHCTHT)'Ta B HHCTHTYT B HHCTHTyTe
Mara3HH .1:{0 Mara3HHa BMafa3HH B Mara3HHe
My3eH .1:{0 My3eH B My3eH B My3ee
JlOH.l{OH .1:{0 JlOH.l{OHa B JlOH.l{OH B JlOH.l{OHe
a3ponopT .l{O a3ponopTa B a3ponopT B a3ponopT)'
Feminine
ynHI..{a .l{O ynHI..{bi Ha ynHI..{Y Ha ynHI..{e
IIIKOna .1:{0 IIIKOHbl B IIIKOny B IIIKOne
pa6oTa .l{O pa6oThl Hapa6oTY Hapa6oTe
lj>HpMa .l{O qmpMLI s<JmpMy B lj>HpMe
MocKs a .l{O MocKBhl BMOCKBY B MocKse
nnOI.lla.l{b .l{O nnOII..{a.l{H Ha nnOI.llMb Ha ITnOll{a.l{H
CTaHQHH .1:{0 CTaHI..{HH Ha CTaHI..{HIO Ha CTaHI..{HH
PoccHH .l{O PoccHH s PoccHIO B PoccHH
Neuter
noconLCTBO .l{O noconLCTBa B noconbCTBO B noconbcTse
o6m;e)I(HTHe .1:{0 o6m;e)I(HTHH B 06ll{e)I(HTHe B 06ll{e)I(HTHH
Remember:
):{OM .l{O.l{OMa .l{OMOH .l{OMa
Lesson 8. GEmNG AROUND THE CITY 97

Remember:
CKOJihKO OCTaHOBOK ... ?
0,1:\HR OCTRHOBKa (but: exaTb O.l\HY OCTRHOBKY)
,1:\Be, TpH, qen.Ipe OCTRHOBKH
DHTh, me en, ... OCTaHOBOK

CKOJihKO MeTpOB (KHJIOMeTpoB) ... ?


0,1:\HH MeTp
,1:\Ba, TpH, qenipe MeTpa
DHTh, IIIeCTb ... MeTpOB

CKOJihKO CTRHQHH ••• ?


0,1:\Ha CTRHQHH (but: exaTh O.l\HY CTRHQHIO)
,1:\Be, TpH, 'ieThipe CTaHQHH
DHTh, IIIeCTb ... CTRHQHH

Table 31
NOMINATIVE, GENITIVE, ACCUSATIVE
AND PREPOSITIONAL CASES OF SINGULAR ADJECTIVES
(MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Nominative Genitive Accusative Prepositional


Masculine
KaKou? Po KaKozo? B KaKou? B KaKoM?
Ha KaKou? Ha KaKoM?
6oJihiiiOH ,l\0 60JihiiiOrO B 6oJihiiiOH B 60JihiiiOM
HOBhiH ,l\0 HOBOrO B HOBhiH B HOBOM
XOPOIIIHH .l\O xopomero B XOPOIIIHH B xopomeM
Feminine
KaKa.R? Po KaKou? B Kazyro? B KaKou?
Ha KaKvro? Ha KaKou?
60JihiiiaH .l\0 60JihiiiOH B 6on»myro B 60JihiiiOH
HOBRH ,l\0 HOBOH B HOBYIO B HOBOH
XOPOIIIRH .l\O xopomeif B xopomyro B xopomeif
Neuter
KaKoe? Po KaKozo? B KaKoe? B KaKoM?
HaKaKoe? HaKaKoM?
6on»moe .l\O 6on»moro B 60JihiiiOe B 60JihiiiOM
HOBOe ,l\0 HOBOrO B HOBOe B HOBOM
xopomee .l\O xopomero B xopomee B xopomeM
7-629
98 YpoK 8. OPMEHTAUMH B rOPDAE

Remember:
• Masculine adjectives with a soft root and a root with w, :JIC have
the genitive case ending -ezo, and the prepositional case ending -eM
(xopowuu- xopmuezo, xopotue.M}. In the accusative case, masculine
adjectives have the same endings as in the nominative case if the adjec-
tive is used with an inanimate noun (xopowuu).
• Feminine adjectives with a soft root and a root withtu, :JIC have the
genitive case ending -eu and the prepositional case ending -eu. In the
accusative case, for roots ending in tu, :JIC, the ending is -y10 (xopoutaR-
xopotuy10).
• Neuter adjectives have the same genitive and prepositional case
endings as masculine adjectives. The accusative case endings for neuter
adjectives are the same as in the nominative case, since neuter nouns are
inanimate (xopowee).

Table 32
OVERVIEW OF NOMINATIVE, GENITIVE, ACCUSATIVE
AND PREPOSITIONAL CASES OF SINGULAR NOUNS
AND ADJECTIVES (MASCULINE, FEMININE AND NEUTER)

Nominative Genitive Accusative Prepositional


T..Jmo3mo? /JoK)loa? Kyoa? (Foe?
tao r<ar<ozo Mecma
Masculine
Eom.IIIOH Tea-rp 11.0 Eom.moro BEoJibiiiOH rea-rp BDOJILIIIOM
Tea-rpa rea-rpe
HoBhrn Ap6aT1 JJ.OHOBOro Ha HoBblli Ap6aT HaHOBOM
Ap6ara Ap6aTe
EeJiopyccKHH: 11.0 EeJiopyccKoro Ha EeJiopyccKHH: Ha EenopyccKOM
BOK3aJI BOK3aJia BOK3aJI BOK3aJie
Feminine
TBepcKWI ymn~a JJ.OTBepCKOH Ha TBepcKyro Ha TBepcKoH
ymn.J,bi ymuzy YJIH~e
aMepMKaHCKWI JJ.O aMepMKaHCKOH BaMepHKaHCKYIO BaMepHKaHCKOH
qmpMa qmpMbi <lJHpMY <iJHpMe
KpacHWI 11.0 KpacHoii HaKpaceyro HaKpaCHOH
IIJIO~a,z:u, IIJIO~a,zul IIJIO~aJJ.b IIJIO~aJJ.H

1 The name of a street in the center ofMoscow.


Lesson B. GETTING AROUND THE CITY gg

Continued
Nominative Genitive Accusative Prepositional
tfmo:Jmo? /(01<yiJa? KyiJa? roe?
fiJo KaKozo Mecma
Neuter
IIIBe,ll;CKOe .n;o IIIBe.n;cKoro B IIIBe.n;cKoe B IIIBe,ll;CKOM
IIOCOHbCTBO IIOCOHbCTBa IIOCOHbCTBO IIOCOHbCTBe
Ca.n;oBoe .n;o Ca.n;oBoro Ha Ca.n;oBoe Ha Ca.n;oBOM
KOnbU:01 KOHbllR KOHbllO KonLu:e
:SanTHHCKoe .n;o oaJITHHCKoro Ha :SanTHHCKoe Ha :SanTHHCKOM
MOpe MOPH MOpe MOpe

YnpaiHHeHMH • Exercises

1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs uomu and exam b.
Ky.n;a Thl ... ? Jl ... B My3eH. BaM H)')KHO ... IIpHMO, IIOTOM HarrpaBO.
YT}JOM OH ... Ha MeTpO B HHCTHl)'T. BeqepOM Mbl ... rreiiiKOM ,ll;OMOH. ,lJ;)KOH
H JleHa ... Ha T}JRMBae. Ky.n;a Bbl ... ? Mbi ... B KHeB. YTpoM H ... Ha pa601y
Ha MaiiiHHe. 0Ha ... B qmpMy Ha TaKCH. 0HH ... B Mara3HH rreiiiKOM. Te6e
H)I)KHO ... )l;O CTaHU:HH MeTpO «0KTH6pbCKRH».
2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb BblXoOumb.
BLI ceH:qac ... ? )J;a, H .... OH ... Ha JiecHoH ynHu;e. MLI ceH:qac He ....
Tbi ... Ha CTRHU:HH MeTpo «,ll;HHaMO»? AHTOH H Oner ... Ha rrpocrreKTe
MHpa. f.n;e OHa ... ? Jl ... Ha CTRHI.{HH MeT}JO «YHHBepCHTeT». f.n;e OHH ... ?
3. a) Put the noun into the genitive, accusative and prepositional cases.
(Mara3HH, My3eH)
KaK .n;oexaTb .n;o ... ? JIH.n;yB .... JI6Lm B ....
( qmpMa, IIIKona)
KaK .n;oexaTb .n;o ... ? OH e.n;eTB .... OH pa60TaeT B ....
(rroconLCTBO, o6J.Qe)KHTHe)
KaK .n;oexaTb .n;o ... ? Mbi e.n;eM B .... Mbi 6blnH B ....

1 The name of a group of streets that encircles central Moscow.


100 YPOK 8. OPMEHTALIMSI B rOPOilE

6) Put the nouns and adjectives into the genitive, accusative and preposi-
tional cases.
(MOCK08CKHH yHH8epCHTeT)
KaK ,ZJ;oexaTJ> ,ZJ;O ... ? 0HH e,ZJ;yr 8 .. . . OHH yqaTc.s~ 8 ....
{T8epcKM yJmua)
KaK ,ZJ;OHTH ,ZJ;o ... ? Bhl H,ZJ;eTe Ha ... ? Bbi pa6oTaeTe Ha ... ?
( aMepHKaHCKOe IIOCOJibCTBO)
KaK ,ZJ;oexaTb ,ZJ;o ... ? TJ>I e,ZJ;emb 8 ... ? Tbi 6bm 8 ... ?

4. Put the words in parentheses in the accusative case.


Ky,ZJ;a 8bi H,ZJ;i:!Te? .H H,ZJ;y (Mara3HH). MoH po,ZJ;HTeJIH yrpoM H,li;Yf (pa-
6oTa), a MOM 6paT (yHH8epcHTeT). Ky,ZJ;a OHH e,ZJ;yr? 0HH e,ZJ;yr (tlmpMa) . .H
H,ZJ;y (KpaCHa.si IIJIOJ:Ua,ZJ;b), IIOTOM (T8epCKa.si }'JIHUa), a IIOTOM e,ZJ;y (Jie-
HHHCKHH npocneKT). BeqepoM MOH ,ZJ;PY3b.si H,li;Yf (:SoJIJ>moli: reaTp). Cry-
,ZJ;eHTbi e,ZJ;yr (o6J:Ue)KHTHe). Mhl e,ZJ;eM (IieJiopyccKHH 80K3aJI). YTpOM
CTe$aH H,ZJ;i:\T (m8e,ZJ;cKoe nocoJIJ>CT80), 8etiepoM (,ZJ;oM). HaM H~o exaTb
(a3ponopT).
S. Put the words in parentheses in the prepositional case.
:SoJibillOH TeaTp Haxo,ZJ;HTC.si (TeaTpaJibHM IIJIOIUa,ZJ;b). focTHHHUa
«CnopT» Haxo,ZJ;HTC.si (JleHHHCKHH npocneKT). f,ZJ;e Haxo,ZJ;HTCH Mas3oJieH
JleHHHa? OH HaXO,ZJ;HTC.si (KpacHa.si IIJIOIUa,ZJ;b). Bhl :>KH8i:!Te (EaJITHHCKM
yJIHUa)? OH pa6oTaeT (aMepHKaHcKoe nocoJibCTBo)? MoH ,ll;py3J>.si 6bmH
(EoJibmoli: TeaTp). Tbi 6bm (6aHK H Mara3HH)? KHHOTeaTP «IIporpecc»
Haxo,ZJ;HTC.si (JloMOHOC08CKHH npocneKT). Ero po,ZJ;HTeJIH )KH8Yf (Ca,ZJ;o-
80e KOJibUO). 0Ha 6J>ma (BeJiopyCCKHH 80K3aJI), a IIOTOM (l13MaHJI08C-
KHH napK). Cry,ZJ;eHThl )KH8Yf ( o6J:Ue)KHTHe). Mo.s~ ceCTPa pa60TaeT (,ZJ;oM).
6. Put the words in parentheses in the genitive case.
CKa)KHTe, IIO:>KaJiyHCTa, KaK ,ZJ;OeXaTb ,ll;O {Kyry308CKHH npocneKT).
Bhl He 3HaeTe, KaK ,ZJ;OHTH ,ZJ;O (KpacHM IIJIOIUa,ZJ;b)? ,ll;o ( o6IUe:>KHTHe)
MO)KHO H,li;TH IIeillKOM. ,lJ;o ( aHrJIHHCKOe IIOCOJibCT80) HY:>KHO exaTb Ha MeT-
po. BaM HY:>KHO exaTb ,ll;O (JiecHa.si YJIHUa), a IIOTOM MHH)'T 5 H,li;TH nem-
KOM. CKa)KHTe, CKOJIJ>KO OCTaH080K H~O exaTb ,ll;O (EenopycCKHH 80K-
3aJI)? KaK ,ZJ;oexaTJ> ,ZJ;O (a3ponopT «lliepeMeTJ>e8o-2»). ,ll;:>KHM xopomo
3HaeT, KaK ,ll;OHTH ,ll;O (Ca,ZJ;080e KOJIJ>UO), ,ll;O (nOJibillOH TeaTP), ,ll;O (My3eH
IlymKHHa). ,ll;o (6aHK) Ha,ZJ;o exaTb MHHY'f 15. Ee ,ZJ;O% H,ZJ;eT ,ZJ;o (mKoJia)
10 MHH)'T, a CbiH ,ll;O (HHCTHTyr) e,ZJ;eT 30 MHH)'T.
Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY 101

7. Put the words ocmaHOBKa and cmaHl{UR in the proper form.


,D;o o6~e)I(HTHH H)')KHO exau. 3 (ocTaHOBKa) Ha TpaMBae. ,D;o M!Y'
H)')KHO exaTh 5 (CTaHQHH) Ha MeTpO. Bbl He CKa:>KeTe, CKOHbKO (OCTaHOBKa)
H)')KHO exan, J(O ll3MaunoBCKoro napKa? Tbi He 3HaeiiiL, CKOnbKO (cTaH-
QHH) HY:>KHO exaTL J(O EenopyccKoro BOK3ana? ,D;o pa6oTbi MHe H)')KHO
exaTL 4 (ocTaHOBKa) Ha TPOnneH:6yce HnH 2 (cTaHQHH) Ha MeTpo. ,D;o QeH-
Tpa BaM MO:>KHO exaTb 6 (OCTaHOBKa) Ha TpaMBae, 2 (OCTaHOBKa) Ha aBT0-
6yce HHH 1 (CTaHQHH) Ha MeTpO. }J;o J(OMa en exaTb 1 (OCTaHOBKa) Ha
aBTo6yce.
8. Give negative answers to the questions.
Example: - CKa)I(HTe, MeTpo J(aneKo?
- HeT, MeTpo 6nH3KO.

H)')KHO H.rlTH HanpaBo? llHCTHT)'T HaxOJ(HTCH cneBa? OcTaHOBKa aB-


T06yca TaM? H)')KHO exaTL npHMo? 06~e:>KHTHe cnpaBa? MeTPO Hanpo-
THB? CKa:>KHTe, J(O M!Y exaTb 6nH3Ko?
9. Answer the questions.
!J(e Bbi :>KHB(he? !J(e HaXOJ(HTCH Baiii yHHBepCHTeT? KaK J(oexaTb
J(O yHHBepcHTeTa? CKonLKO CTaHQHH MeTpo BaM H)')KHO exaTb J(O J(OMa?
CKonLKO MHHYT Bbi HJ((he J(O MeTpo? !J(e HaXOJlHTCH KpacHaH nno~a,Z:(b?
KaK MO:>KHO J(OexaTb J(O KpacHon nno~a.f(H? BLI 6LmH B EonLIIIOM Te-
aTpe?
10. Put the words in parentheses in the proper form.
5I aMepHKaHeQ. MeHH 30BYT Po6epT. 5I :>KHBY (MocKBa), ( o6~e:>KH­
THe). 06~e)I(HTHe HaxoJ(HTCH (JloMOHOCOBCKHH npocneKT). 5I yqycL
(MocKOBCKHH rocyJ(apcTBeHHbiH yHHBepcHTeT). ,D;o yHHBepcHTeTa H eJ(y
Ha Tponnei1:6yce 2 (OCTaHOBKa), a ITOTOM HeMHOro HJlY neiiiKOM. Mou
Jlpyr }J;:>KOH pa6oTaeT {aMepHKaHCKaH <l>HpMa). <I>HpMa HaXOJ(HTCH (TBep-
CKaH ynHQa). A :>KHBeT }J;:>KOH (Kyry30BCKHH npocneKT). }J;o (pa6oTa) OH
eJ(eT Ha MeTpo. )];HeM }J;:>KoH pa6oTaeT, a H yqycL. A Be'lepoM Mbl OTJlbiXa-
eM. MLI )')Ke 6LmH (EonLIIIOH TeaTp), (KpacHaH nno~aJ(b ), (My3eH IIyiii-
KHHa). 3aBTpa Mbl HJ(eM (ManbiH TeaTP)· E~e Mbl XOTHM noexaTb (fh-
MaHnOBCKHH napK), HO Mbl He 3HaeM, r,Z:(e OH HaXOJ(HTCH. Bbl He CKa:>KeTe,
KaK J(OexaTb J(O (ll3MaHnOBCKHH napK)?
11. Tell a story about yourself similar to the paragraph 10. (Who you are,
where you live, where you have been, where you would like to go.)
1 MrY- MocKOBCKHH rocy.D;apcTBeHHbiH yHHBepcHTeT- Moscow State University.
102 YpoK 8. OPMEHTALIMJI B rOPOAE

l\Manont • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- CKa:>KHTe, rro)l(anyikTa, r)J;e Ha- - Tell me, please, where is the Le-
XO,ll;HTCH MaB3orreii JleHHHa? nin Mausoleum located?
- MaB3orreii JleHHHa HaXO,ll;HTC» -The Lenin Mausoleum is locat-
Ha KpacHOH rrrror.u;MH. ed on Red Square.
- Crracn6o. -Thank you.
2)
- l13BHHHTe, Bbl He CKa:>KeTe, r)J;e - Excuse me, can you, please, tell
HaxO,ll;HTCH rDCTllHHlla «MlfHCIO>? me where the hotel "Minsk" is
located?
- fOCTHHH[{a «MHHCK» HaXO- - The hotel "Minsk" is located on
,ll;HTCH Ha TBepcKOH yrrnn;e. Tverskaya street.
- Crracn6o. -Thank you.
3)
- l13BHHHTe, Bbl He 3HaeTe, r,ll;e - Excuse me, do you know where
HaXO,ll;HTCH «,[{OM KHHrn»? "Dom Knigi" is located?
- «,[{OM KHHrH>> HaXO,ll;HTCH Ha - "Dom Knigi" is located on the
HoBoM Ap6aTe. New Arbat.
- A KaK ,ll;oexaTO ,ll;O HoBoro Ap- -And how do you get to the New
6aTa? Arbat?
- H)')I(Ho exaTo Ha MeTPo ,ll;O CTaH- -You need to go by metro to sta-
[{HH «Ap6aTCKM». tion "Arbatskaya".
4)
- CKa:>KHTe, rro:>KaJiyHCTa, KaK ,ll;O- - Tell me, please, how do you get
exaTO ,ll;O MfY? toMGU?
- H)')I(Ho exaTL Ha M~o ,ll;O cTaH- - You need to go by metro to the
U:HH «YHHBepCHTeT>>, a ITOTOM station "University", and then
H,ll;TH ITeiDKOM 10 MHH)'T. it's a 10-minute walk.
5)
- CKa:>KHTe, rro:>KarryiicTa, KaK ,ll;O- - Tell me, please, how do you get
exaTo ,ll;O Eorromoro TeaTpa? to the Bolshoi Theater?
- Ha Tporrrreii6yce. - On the trolleybus.
- A r,ll;e ocTaHOBKa Tporrrreii6yca? -And where is the trolleybus
,[{aneKo? stop? Is it far?
- HeT, He,ll;aJieKo. BoT OHa. -No, it's not far. There it is.
6)
- Boi He 3HaeTe, r,ll;e MeTPo? - Do you know where the metro
is?
Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY 103

- M;:vne npHMO, noToM HaneBo. - Go straight ahead, then to the


left.
- 3To ,n;aneKo? -Is it far?
- HeT, 3TO 6JIH3KO, MeTpOB 100. - No, it's close. About 100 meters.
7)
- Boi He 3HaeTe, KaK .n;oexaTo ,n;o - Do you know how to get to the
rOCTHHH~bl «MOCKBa»? hotel "Moskva"?
- MmKHO ,liOMTH nernKOM. 3To -You can get there on foot. It's
p5IJJ:OM. M.n;HTe npHMO, IIOTOM near. Go straight, then to the
HanpaBo. right.
8)
- CKa:/KHTe, KaK ,n;oexaTo .n;o roc- -Tell me, please, how do you get
THHH~bi «KOCMOC»? to the hotel "Cosmos"?
- H)')KHo exaTh Ha MeTpo ,n;o cTaH- -You need to go by metro to sta-
~HH «IlpocrreKT MHpa», noToM tion "Prospect Mira" and then
c,n;enaTo rrepeca.n:Ky H ,n;oexaTf make a transfer and go to sta-
,n;o CTaH~HH MeTpo «B~HX» . tion "VDNK.h". There, you exit.
TaM Bbl BbiXO,liHTe. rocTHHH~a The hotel "Cosmos" is opposite
«KOCMOC» HaiipOTHB MeTpO. the metro.
9)
- IOpa, Tbi He 3Haerno, r,n;e Haxo- - Yura, do you know where the
JJ:MTC5I Mara3HH «MeJIO,liH5I»? store "Melodiya" is located?
- 3HaiO. Ha JleHHHCKOM npocneK- -Yes. It's on Leninskiy prospect.
Te.
- A KaK .n;oexaTo .n:o JleHHHCKoro - And how do you get to Lenin-
npocrreKTa? skiy prospect?
- Hy)I(HO exaTo .n:o craH~HH MeT- -You need to go by metro to "Ok-
po «0KT5I6poCKa5I», a IIOTOM tyabrskaya", and then it's 15
HY)I(HO MJJ:TH ,n;o Mara3HHa MH- minutes on foot. Or, you can go
HyT 15. MnH MO)I(HO .n:oexan Ha 2 stops on the trolleybus.
TpOJIJieil:6yce 2 OCTaHOBKH.
10)
- OnH, me Toi )I(HBerno? - Olia, where do you live?
- .5I )I(HBY Ha BamHMCKoil: ynH~e. - I live on Baltiyskaya street.
-A p5I,liOM ecTo MeTpo? - And the metro is nearby?
-~a, p5I,liOM MeTpO «COKOJI>>. -Yes, metro "Sokol" is nearby.
- 3TO 6onoiiia5I ynH~a? -Is it a major street?
- HeT, 3To He6onorna5I ynH~a. -No, it's a small street.
- A .n:o BamHMCKOM ynH~bi MO)I(- -Can you get to Baltiyskaya
HO ,n;OeXaTb TOJibKO Ha MeTpo? street only by metro?
1 B,[{HX- BbrcTaBKa .l\OCTH>KeHHif Hapo,l\Horo X03liHCTBa- The Exhibition ofthe Peo-
ple's Economic Achievements, formerly an exhibition park near the metro.
104 YpoK 8. OPHEHTAIUtH B rOPOAE

- Her, MO:>KHO .noexan. Ha 1'pOWieH- -No, you can take trolleybus


6yce N!! 12 HJIH Ha'IpaMBae N!! 23. number 12 or tram number 23.
11)
- H3BHHHTe, BLI He 3HaeTe, KaK - Excuse me, do you know how
,D;oexaTL ,D;O aMepHKaHCKoro no- to get to the American Embas-
corrLcTaa? sy?
- H3BHHHTe, H He 3Haro. - I'm sorry, I don't know.
12)
- JleHa, TLI He 3HaemL, r.z:te Haxo- - Lena, do you know where the
,D;HTCH pecTOpaH «)J;eJIH»? restaurant "Delhi" is located?
- 113BHHH, H He 3HaiO. -I'm sorry, I don't know.
13)
- BLI ceiiqac BLIXO.z:tHTe? - Are you getting out now?
- )J;a, BLIXO:>Ky. -Yes, I'm getting out.
14)
- H3BHHHTe, BLI ceiiqac BLixo- - Excuse me, are you getting out
.z:tHTe? now?
- Her, He BLIXO:>Ky. -No, I'm not getting out.
15)
- CKa:>KHTe, KaKaH 3TO cTaHQHH - Can you tell me what metro sta-
Merpo? tion this is?
- 3TO «lierropyccKaH». -It's "Belorusskaya".
- A KaK ,D;oexaTL ,D;O «CnopTHB- - And how do you get to "Spor-
HOH»? tivnaya"?
- HY:>KHO exaTL .z:to CTaHQHH «flapK -You need to go to station "Park
KyJILTYPLI», TaM C,D;eJiaTL nepe- Culturi" and there make a trans-
Ca,D;Ky, a TIOTOM exaTL ,[.{0 CTaH- fer, and then go to station
QHH «CTIOP™BHaH». "Sportivnaya".
-Cnacu6o. -Thank you.
16)
- Hpa, CKOJILKO MHHYT TLI e.z:temL - Ira, how long does it take you to
,[.{0 pa60TLI? get to work?
- )J;o pa60TLI H e,D;y 30 MHHyr. - It takes 30 minutes.
- A r.z:te TLI pa6oTaemL? - And where do you work?
- J.I pa6oTaro Ha JleHHHrpa,D;CKOM - I work on Leningradskiy pros-
npocneKTe, a :>KHBY Ha Ca.z:tOBOM pect, and live on the Garden
KOJILQe. Ring road.
- TLI e.z:temL Ha Merpo? - Do you go by metro?
- )J;a, Ha Merpo H eme H€MHOTO -Yes, by metro, and then a short
H,D;ynemKOM. walk.
Lesson 8. GEmNG AROUND THE CITY 105

17)
- CKIDKHTe, KaK .n:oiiTH .n:o KHHO- - Tell me, please, how do you get
TeaTpa «POCCIDI»? to the movie theater "Rossiya"?
- Hyxmo HJJ:TH npBMO, noTOM Ha- -You need to go straight, then
neso, nOTOM Hanpaso. left, then right.
- 3TO .n:aneKo? -Is it far?
- ,n:a, .n:aneKo. Jlyqwe .n:oexaTL Ha - Yes. It's better to go by tram 3
TpaMBae 3 OCTaHOBKH. stops.
18)
- BuKTOpHB, TLI 6Lma BEonLWOM - Victoria, have you been to the
Tearpe? Bolshoi Theater?
- liLina. A TLI? - Yes. And you?
- ..sJ: He 6LIJia, HO B 3Hal0, qTO - I haven't, but I know that the
DOJILWOH TeaTp HaXO,l{HTCil B Bolshoi Theater is located in
n:eHTpe MocKBLI. central Moscow.
- OH Haxo.n:HTCB Ha TeaTPanLHoii - It's located in Theater Square.
ITJIOIUa,z:J;H. TaM HRXO,l{HTCB eme The Small Theater and the Cen-
ManLiii TeaTP H U:eHTPanLHLIH tral Childrens' Theater are also
,l{eTCKHH TeaTP. located there.
- A KaK .n:oexaTL .n:o TeaTpaJILHOH - And how do you get to Theater
nnoma.nu? Square?
- Hy:>KHO exaTL .n:o CTaHU:HH MeT- -You need to go to station "Tea-
po «TeaTpanLHRB». TeaTp Ha- tralnaya". The theater is oppo-
npoTHB MeTpO. site the metro.
19)
- Cawa, MocKBa- saw po.n:Hoii - Sasha, is Moscow your native
ropo.n:? city?
- HeT, MOH po.n:Hoii ropo.n: Tyna. - No, my native city is Tula. But I
Ho ceiiqac B xmsy H yqycL B am now studying and living in
MocKBe. Moscow.
- TLI xmsewL s o6me)KHTHH? - Do you live in a dormitory?
-,n:a. -Yes.
- A r.n:e oHo HaXOJJ:HTCB? -And where is it located?
- 06me)KHTHe HaXO,l{HTCil Ha -The dormitory is located on
ITpo!Pcoi03HOH ynun:e. Profsoyuznaya street.
- TLI e.n:ewL .n:o o6me)KHTHB Ha - Do you get to the dorm by
MeTpo? metro?
- ,n:a, nyqwe exaTL Ha MeTpo .n:o - Yes, it's better to go by metro to
CTaHU:HH «I1po!PCOI03HaB», HO station "Profsoyuznaya", but
MO)KHO HHa Tponneii6yce. you can also go by trolleybus.
- A CKOJILKO MHHYT Thi e.n:ernL .n:o - How long does it take you to get
HHCTHTYTa? to the institute?
106 YpoK 8. OPMEHTALIMJI B rOPDAE

- MHHyr 30-35. -About 30-35 minutes.


20)
- ~aBaiiTe rro3HaKOMHMCH. MeHH - Let's get acquainted. My name
30BYT )l(aH. JI $paHQy3. is Jean. I am French.
- A MeHH 30BYT MaJ>Ta. JI HeMKa. - My name is Marta. I am Ger-
man.
- MaJ>Ta, BLI pa6oTaeTe HJIH yq:H- - Marta, do you work or study?
TecL?
- JI )"'YCL BHHCTIIT)'Te. - I study at an institute.
- A B KaKOM HHCTHT)'Te? - What institute?
- B Me,n;HQHHCKOM. A BLI? - The medical institute. And you?
- JI pa6oTaiO BO $paHQY3CKOM - I work at the French Embassy. I
rrocoJILCTBe. JI rrepeBo,n;qHK. A am a translator. And where is
r,n;e Haxo,n;HTCH Barn HHcnnyr? your institute located?
- Ha EOJILrnoii: IlliporoBcKOii: YJIH- - It is on Bolshaya Pirogovskaya
n;e. M o6II.J;e)KifTHe pH,n;oM. ~o street. And the dormitory is
HHcnrryra MO>KHO ,n;oii:TH rrern- nearby. You can walk to the in-
KOM. A me BM )KHBere? stitute. And where do you live?
- JI )KHBY Ha TBepcKoii: ynHn;e. ~o - I live on Tverskaya street. I get
pa60TLI e,n;y Ha MaiiiHHe. to work by car.
2. Take a map of Moscow and ask each other where theaters, museums, etc.
are located, and how to get there.
3. Ask your partner where he (she) lives, how he (she) gets to the institute
or to work.

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 4)
- KaK ,n;oexaTL ,n;o KpacHoii: rrno- - BM ceii:qac BLIXO,n;HTe?
II.J;a,n;H?

2) 5)
- r,n;e HaxO,D;HTCH Barne IIOCOJIL- - 3ro ,n;aneKo?
CTBO?

3) 6)
- M3BHHHTe, BM He 3HaeTe, r,n;e - KaK ,n;oii:TH ,n;o Mara3HHa?
MeTpo?
Lesson 8. GETTING AROUND THE CITY 107

7) 9)
- MmKHO .L{Oexan:, Ha TpaMBae - KaK .L{OexaTb .L{O rocTHHHJ:lbi
HHH Ha MeTpo? «Cnopr»?

8) 10)
- CKOHbKO MHHYT HY)I{HO H.L{TH - l,L{e Bbl )I{HBeTe?
nernKoM?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)

- MHHYT 5-10. - Hy)I{HO H.L{TH npHMO, IIOTOM


HaneBO.
2) 7)

- H)')KHo exaTb Ha MeTpO .L{O CTaH- - M3BHHHTe, H He 3HaiO.


IlHH «MMKOBCKM».
3) 8)

- OH Haxo,L{HTCH Ha TBepcKo:H - Mo)I{HO .L{oexaTb Ha aBTo6yce.


ynHqe.
4) 9)

- HeT, H He BbiXO)I{y. - HeT, :no He.L{aneKo.


5) 10)

- ..si )I{HBY Ha ynHqe BaBHnoBa. - H~Ho exaTb 3 ocTaHOBKH.

3. Make up dialogues similar to those of Lesson 8.


YpoH 9 • Lesson 9

B Mara3HHe • In the Store

HoMMeHtapHi • Commentary
The system of trade in Russia exists in three forms: state, private and
that of the collective farm.
Food products can be bought in general food stores calledllpodyKmbz
or FacmpmwM. There are also several types of specialized stores: }(;ze6
(Bread), Ey;zoiJltafl (Bakery), Pbz6a (Fish), MRco (Meat), Oeott~u­
ifJpy«mbz (Vegetables- fruits) and others. In addition to these stores,
there are also commercial kiosks on the streets which sell products such
as drinks, chocolate, candy, etc. Most Russians buy food products at local
markets (pbzHoK) in addition to stores. There are markets in every major
city where you can buy fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, and dairy products.
In major cities you will also find fruits and vegetables for sale on the
streets.
Manufactured goods can be bought at stores such as YHuBepMaz (De-
partment Store), JipoMmoeapbl (Manufactured Goods). There are also
specialized stores such as 06yeb (Shoes), Ode:JK:da (Clothes), TKaHU (Fab-
ric), Me6e;zb (Furniture), etc.
In Moscow, the most well-known and popular stores are FYM
(FocyoapcmeeHHblU yHueepcan.bHblU Maza:JuH- State Department Store),
l.JYM (l.JeHmpan.bHblU yHueepcan.bHblU Maza:JuH - Central Department
Store) and «!JemcKuit Mup»- Children's World.
In the major cities of Russia, quite a few stores run by foreign firms
have begun to appear, as well as supermarkets similar to those in the
west.
Products in Russian stores, kiosks and markets are sold for cash.
Credit cards are accepted mostly in big stores and western-type super-
markets, You can exchange foreign currency at currency exchange booths
which are located in banks, many stores, and near metro stations.
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 109

neHCHHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

rrpo,ll;yKThi groceries, food


TOBaphi (rrpOMTOBaphl) goods
npo,ll;OBOJihCTBeHHhiH Mara:31fH grocery store
npOMTOBllpHhiH Mannrm manufactured goods
ymmepMar department store
6yJioqmm bread store
KO H,lJ:}fTepCKM candy store
KYJIHHapHH cookery, cooking
1YM (1ocy,~J;apcTBeHHhiH yHHBep- GUM (State Department Store)
cliJihHhiH Mara3HH)
QYM (L(eHTpMhHhiH ymmepcliJih- TsUM (Central Department Store)
HhiH Mara3HH)
«,[(eTCKHH MHp» Childrens' World
«,[(OM KHHrH» House of Books

KHH)KHbiH Mara3HH book store


OT,ll;eJI/CeKQHH Mara3HHa department/section of a store
pbiHOK market
KIIOCK kiosk

noKynaThiKynliTh to buy
npo,ll;aBhh/npo,ll;aTb to sell
noKynaTeJib buyer
npo,ll;aBeQ seller
,ll;oporo/He,ll;6poro expensive/not expensive (adverb)
,~J;emeBo inexpensive (adverb)
,ll;opor6ii/He,ll;opor6H: expensive/not expensive (adjective)
inexpensive (adjective)
CKOJibKO how much, how many
CKOJibKO CTOIIT ... ? How much does ... cost?
XJie6 CTOIIT ... Bread costs .. .
<I>pyKTbl CTOHT ... Fruit costs .. .
CKOJibKO c Memi? (pa32.) How much do I owe? (conversa-
tional)
C Bac ... py6Jiei1. You owe ... rubles.
CKOJihKO BaM? {pa12.} How much do you want? (conver-
sational)
110 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

MHe 200 rpaMM. I would like 200 grams.


fAe MO>KHO KYIIHTb ... ? Where can I buy ... ?
COBerOBaTb/IIOCOBeTOBaTb to advise, counsel
llocoBeryihe, rAe MO>KHO Kyrr:HTI> Advise me, where can I buy books?
KHHrH?
IIocoBeryH:Te, qTo M6>KHo KYIIHTb Advise me, what can I buy for my
MaMe? mother?
Crrac:H6o 3a coBeT! Thank you for the advice!
He 3a qTo! You're welcome!

Ha3biBaTbCH to be called
KaK Ha3biBaeTcH Mara3:HH? What is the store called?
rroqeMy why
IIOTOM)fqTO because
qTo Bbi xornTe? What would you like?
.5I xoqy Kyrr:H:Tb (rrocMOTpeTb) ... I would like to buy (look at) .. .
.5I xOTen 61>1 1 Kyrr:HTb (rrocMOT- I would like to buy (look at) .. .
peTb) ...
,lJ,aH:Te, rro>KanyH:cTa, ... Give me, please .. .
IIoKa>KHTe, rro>KanyH:cTa, ... Show me, please .. .
IIocMoTP:HTe, rro>KanyiicTa, ... Have a look ...

6paTb/B3HTb to take
Bo3bMHTe, rro>KanyiicTa, ... Take it, please. (Here you go.)

Kacca cashier
rrnaTHTb B Kaccy to pay at the cashier
qeK receipt
c,[{aqa change
HpaBHTbCHfiiOHpaBHTbCH to like

MHe HpaBHTCH I like


BaM HpaBHTCH you like
cyBeHHp souvenir
pyCCKHe cyBeHHphl Russian souvenirs
IIO,[{apoK gift

:hOT, :ha, 3TO, 3TH this, these


TOT,Ta,TO,Te that, those
1A more polite form than .R xot~y.
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 111

some, some kind of


Bern~:. thing
o,l(e~a clothes
66yBI:. shoes
nocy.l(a tableware, dishes
pa3Mep size
UBeT color
KaK6H pa3Mep (UBeT) BI:.I xonhe? What size (color) do you want?
o6:bJqHO usually
qacTo often
Bcer,l(a always
MHOr,l(a sometimes
pe.l(KO rarely
6yT:biJIKa bottle
naqKa pack
IIaKeT bag
6aHKa jar
unyKa piece, thing

llnH cnpaaoK • Reference


npOAYHTbl e Foods

Masculine Feminine Neuter


xne6 bread Kon6aca sausage MaCJIO oil,
butter
6eJII:.IH white p:b16a fish MRCO meat
xne6 bread
(6aTOH)
qepHI:.IH black BOJ(a water MOpO)I(eHoe ice
xne6 bread cream
(6yxaHKa)
caxap sugar BOJ(Ka vodka neqeHI:.e cookies
qaif tea COJib salt MOJIOKO milk
COK juice Myd flour IllfBO beer
IIIOKOJI~ chocolate MKpa caviar Kocpe coffee
c6yc sauce KYPMUa chicken BMHO wine
112 YpoK 9. B MArA3HHE

OAeJKAa, oliyab • Clothes, shoes


Masculine Feminine Neuter
Imam; raincoat KYPTKa jacket TiaJibTO overcoat
KOCTJ6M suit my6a fur coat nmiT»e dress
TIH,l{)KaK coat, jacket py6amKa shirt
fMCTYK tie I66Ka skirt
map<l> scarf 6ny3Ka blouse
xanlh robe IIIanKa cap
CBliTep sweater rumina hat
ManKa T-shirt

ApyrHe roaapbl • Other goods


Masculine Feminine
KapllH,ll;am pencil pyqKa pen
6JIOKHOT notebook TeTJ>Mb notebook
yqe6HHK textbook OTKpf!ITKa postcard
CJIOBapb dictionary MapKa stamp
)K)'pHM magazine ra3eTa newspaper
KOHBepT envelope cyMKa purse
TeJieB:~hop television Kacc6Ta cassette
MarHHTO<l>OH tape-recorder nJiaCTHHKa record
YTIDr iron

Cy~etTBHTenbHble, Olibi'IHO ynorpelinHeMble BO MHOJKeaBeHHOM 'IHtne e


• Nouns usually used In the plural

IlpotJ;yKTbl Ot~:eX(,!I;a, ofiys~o .IJ:pyrue Tosapbl


<l>PYKTbi fruit 60THHKH boots UBeThi flowers
lrm.) [(m.) (short) [(m.)
OBOUJ;H vegetables TY<l>JIH (f) shoes cHraper»I cigarettes
(m.) canorH: boots (f)
opexH (m.) nuts (m.) nanHpOCbl cigarettes
I(J.)
KOH<l>eTbl candy HOCKH (m.) socks qach'I watch,
(f) (pl. only) clock
COCHCKH hot dogs qyJIKH (m.) stockings oqKJi eyeglasses
(f) (pl. only)
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 113

Continued
II 0~ KTLI
canned pants
food
.H:itua (n.) eggs jeans

shorts

tights

HaHiionee ynorpeliHTenbHble npHnararenbHble •


• The more frequently used adjectives
M)I)KCKOH, -a.R, -oe, -He men's
:>KeHCKHH, -a.R, -oe, -He women's
.n;eTCKHH, -a.R, -oe, -He children's
MO~HI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me fashionable, stylish, popular
T~hiJIMH, -a.R, -oe, -Me warm
JierKHH, -a.R, -oe, -He light, easy
BKYCHI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me delicious
CBe:>KHH, -a.R, -ee, -He fresh
Ha-rypannHI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me natural
rrone3HMH, -a.R, -oe, -Me useful, helpful, healthy
xop6nmit, -a.R, -ee, -He good
IIJIOXOH, -a.R, -oe, -He bad
.n;opor6it, -a.R, -oe, -He expensive
.n:erneBI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -Me inexpensive
opHrHHMbHbiH, -a.R, -oe, -ble original, different
HHTepecHI>IH, -a.R, -oe, -I>Ie interesting

[OIIeTaHHJI CyiQ,eCTBHTenbHbiX CnpHnaraTenbHbiMH BHMeHHTenbHOM naAeiHe e


• Combinations of noun/adjective phrases In the nominative case
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
My:>KCKOH rrmlii( My:>KcKa.R KYPTKa My:>KCKOe IIaJibTO My:>Kclilie HOCKH
:>KeHCKHH rrmuu :>KeHcKa.R KYPTKa :>KeHCKOe IIaJibTO :>KeHcKHe Hoclili
~eTCKHH IIJiali( ~eTcKa.R KYPTKa ~eTCKOe IIaJibT6 ~eTcKHe HocK:Ii
BKYCHbiH xne6 BKYCHa.R Kon6aca BKYCHOe MOJIOK6 BKYCHI>Ie 6BOlllH
TcnJibiH CBHTep TeiiJia.R ruY'6a Temme rrnaTne TeiiJible CaiiOrH
8-619
114 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

Uaera e Colors
KpaCHbiH, -WI, -oe, -Lie red
6eJILIH, -WI, -oe, -Lie white
qepHLIH, -WI, -oe, -Lie black
3eneH~>~H, -WI, -oe, -~>~e green
CHHiiH, -IDI, -ee, -He blue (dark)
rony66n, -WI, -oe, -Lie blue (light)
)l(eJITLIH, -aJI, -oe, -hie yellow
opaH)l(eBI>IH, -aH, -oe, -ble orange
p630BLIH, -WI, -oe, -hie pink
cephiH, -WI, -oe, -l>le gray
Kop:HqHeBhiH, -aJI, -oe, -hie brown
PyccHHe cyaeHHPbl • Russian souvenirs
MaTpeiiiKa nesting doll
caMosap samovar
rranexcKaJI IIIKa'IjnKa Palekh lacquer box
)l(OCTOBCKHH IIO,li;HOC Zhostov tray
opeH6yprCKHH nnaTOK Orenburg scarf
rraBJIOBOrrOca,li;CKHH nnaTOK Pavlovoposad scarf
r)l(em, (H3)J;eJIHJI H3 [)l(enu) Gzhel (articles of Gzhel)
xoxnoMa (H3)J;eJIHJI H3 XoxnoMLI) Khokhloma (articles of
Khokhloma)

rpaMMaTMKa • Grammar
Table 33
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB
IIOKYIIATh/KYIIHTh (qTO? KOMY? FI{E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

IWI\~·ua1t. (II('B) I 1-:~· 1111 n. ( C B)


Present tense
H noKynaiO MLI noKynaeM Perfective verbs have
OH, OHa noKynaeT BLI noKynaeTe no present tense.
TLI noKynaem& OHH IIOKYIIaiOT
Past tense
H,TLI,OH noKynan H, TLI, OH Kynun
H,TLI,OHa noKynana H, TLI, OHa Kynuna
Mbi, BLI, OHH noKynanu MLI BLI, OHH KYIIHJIH
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 115

Continued

11 111~~ 11 a 1 h ( H C B) I ·~~ 1111 I h (CB)


Future tense
jJ 6y1J.Y noKynan. jJ KYITJIIO
Thl 6y~em1> noKynaTI> Thl KynHmb
OH,OHa 6y~eT noKynaTI> OH,OHa KynHT
Mhl 6y~eM noKynaTI> Mbl KynHM
Bbl 6y~eTe noKynaTI> Bbl KynHTe
OHH 6y;zyr noKynaTI> OHH KYITJIT
Imperative
noKynaii! noKynaiiTe! KYITH! KYITHTe!

Table 34
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB
COBETOBATb/HOCOBETOBATb (qTO? KOMY?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

COBl' IIIB:I I .. (II c B) I IIOCOBl'IOB:tiJ. (CB)

Present tense
Jl COBeTYJO Mbl COBezyeM
Perfective verbs have
Tbl COBezyemi> Bbl COBezyeTe
no present tense.
OH, OHa COBeTYeT OHH COBeTYIOT
Past tense
JI, Thl, OH COBeTOBaJI JI, Tbl, OH nocoBeTOBaJI
JI, Tbl, OHa COBeTOBaJia JI, Tbl, OHa ITOCOBeTOBaJia
Mhl, Bbl_~_ OHH COBeTQBaJIH Mbl Bhl OHH ITOCOBeTOBaJIH
Future tense
jJ 6y1J.Y COBeTOBaTb jJ nocoBezyro
Tbl 6y~emb COBeTOBaTb Tbl ITOCOBezyemb
OH,OHa 6y~eT COBeTOBaTb OH,OHa ITOCOBeTyeT
Mbl 6y~eM COBeTOBaTb Mbl ITOCOBeTyeM
Bbl 6y~eTe COBeTOBaTb Bbl ITOCOBezyeTe
OHH 6y~yT COBeTOBaTb OHH nocoBeTYIOT
Imperative
COBeTYH! COBeTYHTe! ITOCOBeTYH! ITOCOBeTYHTe!
116 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

Table 35
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB EPATh/B3HTh (qTO? F~E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
upa1b (HCB) I B3HTh (CB)
Present tense
H 6epy MLI 6epeM Perfective verbs have
TLI 6epemn BLI 6epeTe no present tense.
OH, OHa 6epeT OHM 6epyT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH 6parr H, Tbl, OH B3HJI
H, Tbl, OHa 6parra H, Tbl, OHa B3HJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHM 6parrM Mbl, Bbl, OHM B3HJIM
Future tense
H 6y11.y 6paTb H B03bMY
Tbl 6yll.ellib 6paTb Tbl B03bMeillb
OH,OHa 6yll.eT 6paTb OH,OHa B03bMeT
Mbl 6y11.eM 6paTb Mbl B03bMeM
Bbl 6y11.eTe 6paTI> Bbl B03bMeTe
OHM 6Yll.YT 6paTb OHM B03bMYT
Imperative
6epM! 6epMTe! B03bMM! B03bMHTe!

Table 36
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB HPABHThCH/llOHPABHThCH
(KOMY? qTO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

upaBn 1t.l'U (IICB) I uoupaiHJI hen (CB)


Present tense
KoMy? [/mo?
MHe HpaBHTCH KOCTIOM
Te6e HpaBMTCH ro6Ka
eii HpaBMTCH rrnaTI>e Perfective verbs have
eMy HpaBMTCH rarrCTyK no present tense.
MHe HpaBHTCH 6p10KM
Te6e HpaBUCH OliKM
HaM HpaBUCH t~aci>I

BaM HpaBHTCH cyBeHMpbl


MM HPaBaTca cMrapeTbi
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 117

Continued
npaBIHhCSI (IICB) I IIOHpaBIHhCU (CB)
Past tense
KoMy? l.Jmo? KoMy? l.Jmo?
HpaBHJICH ropo.n; IIOHpaBHJICH ropo.n;
MHe HpaBHJiaCb MocKBa MHe IIOHpaBHJiaCb MocKBa
HpaBHJIHCb CyBeHHpbi IIOHpaBHJIHCb CyBeHHpbi
Future tense
KoMy? l.Jmo?
The future tense oj'HpaBHTLC.si' MHe IIOHpaBHTCH rro.n;apoK
is practically never used. IIOHpaBHTCH rro,n;apKH
Table 37
THE NOMINATIVE AND ACCUSATIVE CASES
OF THE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS 3TOT AND TOT

Nominative case Accusative case


Masculine.- KaKou? Masculine- KaKou?
3TOT qepHbiH KOCTIOM 3TOT qepHhlH KOCTIOM
TOT 6onhiiiOH CJIOBapb TOT 6onLIIIOH CJIOBapb
Feminine -KaKaR? Feminine - KaKyJO?
3Ta 60JibiiiM cyMKa 3TY 60JILIIIYIO cyMKY
Ta CHHHH I06Ka TY CHHIOIO I06Ky
Neuter- KaKoe? Neuter- KaKoe?
3TO 6erroe IIaJibTO 3TO 6enoe IIaJibTO
TO KpacHoe rrnaTLe TO KpacHoe rrnaTbe
Plural- KaKue? Plural- KaKue?
3TH qepHbre KOCTIOMbl 3TH qepH~>re KOCTIOMbl
Te 6onLIIIHe CJIOBapH Te 6onLIIIHe CJIOBapH
3TH KpaCHBbie CYMKH 3TH KpaCHBbie CYMKH
Te CHHHe I06KH Te CHHHe I06KH
3TH 6enLre IIaJibTO 3TH 6enLre IIaJibTO
Te KpacHLre IIJiaTLH Te KPaCHhle rrnaTL.si
Remember:
CKonLKO py6rreH: ... ?
O,D;HH py6Jib
,n;Ba, TpH, qeTLrpe py6mr
IIHTb, IIIeCTb ... py6neH
CKOJILKO rpaMM ... ? (KHnorpaMM)
O,D;HH rpaMM
,D;Ba, TpH, qeTLipe rpaMMa
IIHTb, IIIeCTb ... rpaMMOB
118 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

CKomKo 6aHoK ... ? (Ho: ,n;a:HTe o,n;Hy 6aHKy)


o,n;Ha 6aHKa
,ll;Be, TpH, "<JeTbipe 6aHKH
IDITb, liieCTb ... fiaHOK
CKOJibKO TbiCH"lJ ... ? (HO: CTOHT O,n;Hy Tb!CH"<~Y)
O,ll;Ha TbiCH"lJa
,n;Be, TpH, "lleTbipe TblCH"lJH
IDITb, liieCTb ... TbiCH"lJ
CKOJibKO 6yrMJIOK ... ? (Ho: ,n;aHTe o,n;Hy 6yrnmKy)
O,n;Ha 6yrbiJIKa
,ll;Be, TpH, "<JeTbipe 6yrbiJIKH
IIHTb, liieCTb ... 6yrniJIOK
CKOJibKO rra"<~eK ... ? (Ho: ,n;a:HTe o,n;Hy rraqKy)
o,n;Ha rraqKa
,ll;Be, TpH, "lJeTbipe rra"l!KH
IDITb, rnecTb ... rraqeK
CKoJibKO liiTYK ... ? (Ho: ,n;a:HTe o,n;Hy liiTYKY)
o,n;Ha rnryKa
,n;Be, TpH, "<JeTbipe liiTYKH
IIHTb, liieCTb ... liiTYK

Remember:
After the numerals 2, 3, 4 the genitive singular is required. After 5,
6... , and also after words that signify amounts (cKO!lbKO, MHOZO, MaJlO,
HeMHozo), the genitive plural is required.
Table 38
THE GENITIVE CASE OF PLURAL NOUNS

Genitive singular Genitive plural


Nominative (2, 3, 4) (5, 6, quantitative
words)
Masculine Masculine Masculine
KOCTIOM KOCTIOMa KOCTIOMOB
raJICTYK raJICTyKa raJICTYKOB
yqe6miK yqe6HHKa yqe6HHKOB
CJIOBapb CJIOBapH CJIOBapeH
KapaH,n;arn KapaH,n;arna KapaH,n;arne:H
My3eH My3eH My3eeB
repoil repoH repoeB
Genitive plural nouns end in -eu if the noun in the nominative singu-
lar ends in Ul, :JIC, tt, Ul· Genitive plural nouns end in -e6 if the noun in the
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 119

nominative singular ends in -u. Genitive plural nouns end in -oB in all
other cases.

Feminine Feminine Feminine


ra3eTa ra3eTLI ra3eT
KacceTa KaCCeTLI KaCCeT
KHHra KHHrH KHHr
IIJiaCTHHKa IIJiaCTHHKH IIJiaCTHHOK
py6aiiiKa py6aiiiKH py6aweK
pyqKa pyqKH pyqeK
TeTPa.zu, Terpa,lUi Terp~eH
Bell{L Bell{H Bell{eM
CTaHQH.sl CTaHQHH CTaHQHH
ay.n;HTOPH.sl ay)J;HTOPHH ay,lU{TOPHH
Genitive plural nouns end in -eK if the root of the noun in the nomi-
native singular ends in w, :JIC, tt. If the noun in the nominative ends in -b,
then the genitive plural will end in -eu. If the nominative singular noun
ends in -UR, then the genitive plural will be -uu. If there is a combination
of consonants except for w, :JIC, tt, the genitive plural will be -oK. In all
other cases, genitive plural nouns have no ending.

Neuter Neuter Neuter


.siHQO .siHQa .siHQ
IIHCLMO IIHCLMa IIHCeM
OKHO OKHa OKOH
IIOCOJILCTBO IIOCOJILCTBa IIOCOJILCTB
MOpe MOp.H MOpeH
o6Il{e:>KHTHe o6Il{e:>KHTH.si 06Il{e:>KHTHH
yrrpa:>KHeHHe yrrpa:>KHeHH.si YIIPa:>KHeHHH
Exception:
IIJiaTLe IIJiaTL.si IIJiaTLeB

Neuter nouns ending in -o do not have genitive plural endings. An -o


is inserted between the consonants if the first one is hard, and an -e is
inserted between them if the first one is soft. If the neuter noun ends in
-e, then the genitive plural will be -eu. If the neuter noun ends in -ue, the
genitive plural will be -uu.
120 YpoK 9. B MArA3HHE

YnpaJKHeHMJI • Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsno«ynamb and «ynumb.
r.n:e Mbl o6bJqHO •.• XJie6? CKa:aune, r.n:e MOJKHO ••• COK? JleHa Bcer.n:a
... Ha pbiHKe OBOII.lM H QJPYI<Thl. 06hJqHo H .•• MOHOKO B Mara3HHe. liTO
OHM Bqepa ••• B KHOCKe? Bhl qaCTO ... ITHBO H BHHO? Mhl BCer.n;a ... cyBeHH-
pbl B fYMe HnH IJ;YMe. Carna .•• 2 rraqKH Macna. HaTarna, ... MHe, rro-
JKanyiicTa, aHrno-pyCCKHn CHOBapb. PaHhiiie OH ... CHrapeThl B KHOCKe, a
cenqac .... B Mara3HHe. Mbl ... KpaCHBhle pyqKH .... COKH, OHM oqeHh I10-
ne3Hhle.

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs coeemoeamb and
nocoeemoeamb.
Mon .n:pyr ... MHe KYITHTh pyccKHe cyBeHHphL KaKHe cyBeHHphi Shi
... HaM eyiTHTh? .5I ... BaM KYITHTh MaTpernKH. MoM po.n;HTenH .•. MHe yqHTh-
cH B Me.D:HI.J.HHCKOM HHCTHryTe, a H yqych s rre.n:arorHqecKOM. IOpa, ... ,
rroJKanyncTa, r.n:e MOJKHO KyrrHTh oqKH? lim Thi ... KYITHTh .n:py3hHM? Mhi
scer.n:a ... rroKyrraTb KaKHe-HH6y.n;h cyseHHphi. JieHa eMy ... KYITHTh KHH-
rH, AH.n;pen .•• eyrrHTh KacceThi, a Oner H IOpa ... KYITHTh rrnacTHHKH.
AHHa HHKonaesHa, ... , rroJKanyncTa, KaKHe yqe6HHKH HYJKHO KyrrHTh?

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the wordpy6Jlb.


KapaH.n;arn CTOHT 2
... , a pyqKa 21 .... KHnorpaMM Chip a CTOHT 90 ....
liacbl CTOHT 500 .... 140 .... 3TH MaTpeiiiKH CTOHT 200 ... , a 3TH-
C sac
700 .... ilaKeT MOHOKa CTOHT 18 .... DHOKHOT CTOHT 23 .... KHHrH CTOHT
210 .... 3Ta CYMKa CTOHT 1240 .... C sac 10 050 ....
4. Answer the questions.
CKonbKO CTOHT Barna pyqKa? CKonhKO cTOHT Barn yqe6HHK? CKonh-
KO CTOHT rraqKa CHraper? CKOHhKO CTOHT 3TOT KOCTIOM? CKOHhKO CTOHT
3Ta KacceTa? CKonhKO CTOHT ero qacbi? CKonhKO CTOHT 3TH 60THHKH H Te
ryljlnH?
5. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the words na'l«a, na«em,
6ymbmKa, 6an«a, mmy«a.
)];anTe MHe, ITOJKanyncTa, 2 ... qaH, CKOHhKO CTOHT •.. COKa? .5I B03hMY
5 ... MOHOKa. 0.n;HH KapaH.n;aiii CTOHT 10 py6nen . .5I KyrrniO 7 .... HyJKHO
KyiTHTb 3 ... BHHa, 5 ... ITHBa, 10 ... BO,D;hl. CKaJKHTe, CKOHbKO CTOHT ...
cHrapeT? O.n;Ha ... CTOHT 20 py6nen. )];anTe 1 .... Mhl KYITHnH 1 ... Macna,
2 ... MYKH; 3 ... MOHOKa.
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 121

6. Provide questions for each phrase.


Example: MapTa KynHna MaMe MaTpeiiiKy.
- KoMy MapTa KynHna MaTpeiiiKY?
- qTo MapTa KynHna MaMe?
a) BHKTop KynHn JleHe UBeThi. IIeTp MBaHOBH'I KynHn 6pary qacJ:.I.
,[{)I(OH KynHn po,n:HTemiM cyBeHHpbi.
6) AHTOHY HpaBHTCH 3TOT coK. HaM noHpaBHnacr:. MocKBa. AHHe
IIeTpOBHe HpaBHTCH 3Ta 6ny3Ka.
B) 5I coBeryro Te6e KYDHTJ:. ,n:py3hHM no.n:apKH. Mroph nocoBeTOBan
HaTaiiie, r.n:e MO)I(HO KYDHTJ:. cnoBapH. IIpeno,n:aBaTenr:. coBeTyeT ,[{)l(oHy,
KaK nyqiiie ,n:oexaTr:. ,n:o ueHTpa.
7. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the demonstrative pronouns
3momormom •

... CflOBapb H KynHna B Mara3HHe «KHHrH». f,n:e Bbl KYDHflH ... cyBeHH-
pbi? ... MaTPeiiiKa MHe o'IeHr:. HpaBHTCH. BaM HpaBHTCH ... nnaTr:.e? ... yqe6-
HHKH He,n:oporHe. CKa)I(HTe, cKonr:.Ko CTOHT ... rancryK? 0Ha KynHna ...
I06KY B fYMe. ilOKa)I(HTe MHe, llO)I(anyiicTa, BOT ... CYMKy.... rycpnH ei1:
He HpaBHTCH.... MOpO)I(eHOe O'IeHJ:. BKYCHOe. EMy HpaBHTCH ... KOCTIOM, ...
cyMKa H ... nanr:.TO. Jl B03J:.MY ... IIIaDKY H ... IIIapcp. ,[{afi:Te, llO)I(anyi1:cTa,
He ... TeTpa,n:r:., a .... 5I B03J:.MY He ... cnoBapr:., a ....
8. Fill in the blanks with the proper adjectival endings.
My)I(CK... py6aiiiKa, )l(eHCK ... nanr:.To, BKYCH ... KOHcpeTr:.I, CBe)l( ... xne6,
KpaCHB ... 106Ka, cppaHUY3CK ... BHHO, ,n:opor... cyBeHHpbl, MY)I(CK ... BeiUH,
MO,Z:{H ... O'IKH, Tenn ... CBHTep, OpHrHHanJ:.H ... 'IaCJ:.I, ,Z:{eTCK ... KHHra, CBC)I( .. .
OBOIUH, HeMeUK ... nHBO, xopoiii ... cHrapeTr:.I, ,n:eiiieB ... KYPTKa, )l(eHcK .. .
'IYflKH, ,Z:{eTCK ... HOCKH, none3H ... npo,n:yKThl, BKYCH ... MHCO, ManeHJ:.K .. .
6nOKHOT, 6onr:.III ... TeTpa,n:b, pyCCK ... HapO,n:H ... HCKYCCTBO, KpaCH ... nna-
TJ:.e, 6en ... IIInHna, 'IepH ... KOCTIOM.
9. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case.
IIoKa)I(HTe, no)l(anyi1:cTa, ('IepHaH cyMKa). IIocMoTpHTe (3TH cHHHe
,Z:{)I(HHCJ:.I). 5I B03J:.MY (cepaH ro6Ka) H (6emUI 6ny3Ka). AneKceH: MBaHOBH'I
KynHn (6onr:.IIIoi1: aHrno-pyccKHH cnoBapr:.), (6onr:.IIIaH TeTpa,n:r:.) H {Kpa-
CHBM pyqKa). ilOKa)I(HTe, DO)I(anyi1:cTa, ()l(enToe nnaTr:.e). AHTOH DOCO-
BeTOBan KYDHTJ:. ,npy3J:.HM {pyCCKHe CaMOBapr:.I) H (naneXCKHe IIIKaryn-
KH). ,[{ai1:Te, llO)I(anyHCTa, (rony6aH MY*CKM py6aiiiKa). ilOCMOTpHTe (3TO
qepHoe nanr:.TO).
122 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

10. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case.


Y MeiDl ecn, 2 ... H 2 ... (pyqKa, 6nOKHOT).
Y Hero MHOI'O ... H ... (KOCTIOM, py6amKa).
B Mara3HHe H Kyn:un 5 ... , 6 ... , 7 ... (KHHra, TeTPML, KapaH,nam).
,[(oMa y HaC eCTL 1 ... , 2 ... H MHOrO ... (TeneBH30p, MarHHTO<l>OH,
KacceTa).
Y Hee HeT ... (qacLI, oqK:u).
MropL Kyn:un HaTame MHoro ... (uBen.I).
3TOT Mara3HH npo,naeT MHOrO ... H ... (OBOIUH, <l>PYKTLI).
OH 6Lin B My3ee 2 ... :u 30 ... (qac, MHHYTa).
,[(aifre, no:>KanyH:cTa, 3 ... :u 5 ... (caMoBap, MaTpemKa).
CKonLKO y Te6.a ... :u ... (yqe6HHK, cnoBapL )?
11. Make up dialogues using the following example:
- Bqepa H Kyn:un yqe6HHKH.
- CKonLKO yqe6HHKOB TLI Kyn:un?
- ,[(Ba yqe6HHKa.

,[(:>KoH Kyn:un KapaH,nam:u, TeTpa,n:u :u pyqK:u. B KOMHaTe npeno,naBa-


Ten:u H cry,neHTLI. 0Ha xoqeT KynHTL OBOIUH H <i>PYKTLI. Y AIITOHa eCTL
KOCTIOMLI, py6amKH :u rancryKH. Y Mam:u ecTL nnaTMI, I06KH, 6ny3KH,
KYPTKH.
12. Ask the question CKOJlbKo using the nouns below. Answer the question
using the numbers 2 and 5.
Example: yqe6HHK
- CKonLKO yqe6HHKOB?
- 2 yqe6HHKa.
- 5 yqe6HHKOB.

Cry,neHT, rancryK, Mara3HH, KOCTIOM, :>KypHan, 3aBo,n, aBTo6yc.


fepoH, TpaMBaH, My3eH.
CnoBapL, KapaH,nam, Bpaq, npeno,naBaTenL, py6nL.
TeTpa,nL, nnoma.nL, BeJUL.
MHHYTa,cTpaHa,KH:ura,ra3eTa,KacceTa,no.npyra.
Cry,neHTKa, OTKpLITKa, KYPTKa, BLICTaBKa, manKa.
Py6amKa, MaTPemKa, pyqKa, ,neBymKa.
Mope, o6me:>K:uTHe, noconLCTBO, OKHO.
CTaHUHH, neKUHH, ay,n:urop:u.a, ynpa:>KHeH:ue.
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 123

llManont • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- CI<a)I(HTe, IIO)I(aJiyifcTa, y Bac - Tell me, please, do you have an
eCTb aHmo-pyccKHH CJIOBapb? English-Russian dictionary?
-~a, ecTI>. -Yes, we do.
- Mo)I(HO nocMorpen? - May I look at it?
- IlO)I(aJiyifcTa. - Certainly.
- CKOJII>Ko CTOHT 3TOT cnoBapb? - How much does this dictionary
cost?
- 500 py6neu. IlJiaTHTe B Kaccy, - 500 rubles. Please pay at the
IIO)I(aJiyHCTa. cashier.
2)
- qTO Bbl XOTHTe? - What would you like?
- 5l xoqy eynHTh OTKPI>ITKH. IIo- - I would like to buy some post-
Ka)I(HTe, IIO)I(aJIYHCTa, BOT 3ry. cards. Can you show me that
one?
- IIo)l(anyifcTa, nocMOTPHTe. - Certainly.
- 5[ ee B03bMY Heii(e BOT 3ry, IIO- -I'll take it and also that one,
)I(aJiyHCTa. please.
- B Kaccy 20 py6neu. - 20 rubles at the cashier.
3)
- IlOI<a)I(HTe MHe qepHyro CYMI<y. - Show me the black purse.
-3Ty? -This one?
- ~a, 3ry. CI<a)I(HTe, CKOJII>Ko oHa -Yes, that one. Tell me, how
CTOHT? much does it cost?
- 820 py6neu. - 820 rubles.
- 3To oqeHI> .n;oporo. 5l xoTeJia 6I>I - It's very expensive. I would like
KynHTh py6neu 3a 500. one for about 500 rubles.
- IlOCMOTpHTe BOT 3ry. 0Ha CTO- - Look at this one. It costs 480
HT 480. QqeHI> xopomWI CyMI<a. rubles. A very good purse.
- 5l B03I>MY ee. -I'll take it.
- IlO)I(aJIYHCTa, IIJiaTHTe B Kaccy. - Pay at the cashier, please.
4)
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe! qTO Bhl XOTHTe? -Hello! What would you like?
- 5l xoqy KYIIHTI> .n;pyry xopomHH - I would like to buy a nice scarf
maplj:l. KaKOU Bhl IIOCOBeryere? for my friend. What would you
advise?
- 5£ COBeryiO BaM BOT 3TOT. QqeHb - I advise you to buy this one. It's a
KpaCHBhlH H MO.D;HhlH maplj:l. very pretty and fashionable scarf.
124 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

- OH rnepcnmoif? - I t is wool?
-,n:a. -Yes.
- CKOflbKO OH CTOHT? ,z:t:oporo? -How much does it cost? Is it
expensive?
- HeT, He,ll;oporo. 310 py6neif. -No, it's inexpensive. 310 rubles.
-BOT, 350 py6neif. -Here's 350.
- Bo3bMHTe C,ll;aqy, rro:>KanyifcTa. - Take your change, please.
5)
- MapTa, H xoqy KyiTHTb pyccKHe - Marta, I would like to buy Rus-
cyBeHHpbi. "l!TO Te6e HpaBHTC.si? sian souvenirs. What do you
like?
- MHe HpaBHTCH MaTpernKH. A - I like nesting dolls. And you?
Te6e?
- MHe HpaBHTCH caMoBapbi. OHM - I like samovars. They are very
oqeHb opHrHHanbHbie. original.
- 5I Kyrrmo MaTpeiiiKH MaMe H -I'll buy nesting dolls for my
rro,ll;pyre. mother and my friend.
- A H KyrrniO caMOBap 6paTY. -And I'll buy a samovar for my
brother.
- ,z:t:aifTe, rro)l(anyifcTa, ,ll;Be MaT- - (To salesperson) Give me 2 nest-
pernKH H CaMOBap. ing dolls and a samovar, please.
- IIo)l(anyH:cm. - Certainly.
YKaccbl At the cashier
6)
- 500 py6neif, rro)l(anyifcTa. - 500, please.
- B KaKOH OT,ll;en? - In which department?
- «CnoBapH». - "Dictionaries".
- IIo)l(anyifcTa, B03bMHTe qeK H - Here is your check and change.
c,ll;aqy.
7)
- 20 py6neif B OT,ll;en «0TKpbiT- - 20 rubles in the "postcards" de-
KH». partment.
- Bo3bMHTe qeK H C,ll;aqy. - Here is your check and change.
8)
- 2 TbiCHqH, ITO)I(anyifcTa. - 2000 rubles, please.
- B KaKyiO ceKD;HIO? - In which department?
- «CyBeHHpbi». - "Souvenirs".
- "lleK, rro:>KanyifcTa. - Here's your check.
9)
- TaHH, CKa)I(H, rro)l(anyifcTa, r,ll;e - Tanya, tell me, please, where
MO)I(HO KyrrHTb CYBeHHpbi? can I buy souvenirs?
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 125

- KaKHe cyBeHHpbi Thi xoqeiiib? - What kind of souvenirs do you


want?
- 5I He 3HaiO, H xoqy IIOCMOTPeTb - I don't know. I want to look at
KaKHe-HH6y.ru, He oqeHh ,n;oporne. some that aren't expensive.
- CyBeHHpbi MO)l(HO KYIIHTh B - Souvenirs can be bought at
rYMe, B IJ;YMe, a TaK)l(e B Ma- GUM, at TsUM, and also at the
ra3HHe «PyCCKHe cyBeHHpbi». store "Russian Souvenirs".
- A r,n;e Haxo,n;HTCH 3TOT Mara3HH? -And where is the store located?
- Ha KyTy3oBCKOM rrpocrreKTe. -On Kutuzovskiy prospect.
-A KaK ,n;oexaTh ,n;o Mara3HHa? - And how do you get to the store?
- H~o exaTb Ha MeTpo .no cTaH- -You need to go by metro to sta-
UHH «KyTy30BCKaR», a IIOTOM tion "Kutuzovskaya", and then
H.UTH rreiiiKOM MHHYT 5-7. about 5-7 minutes on foot.
- CrracH6o. -Thank you.
10)
- CnaBa, KaKHe pyccKHe cyBeHHpbi - Slava, what Russian souvenirs
Tbl IIOCOBeTyeiiib MHe KyrrHTb? would you recommend that I buy?
- KoHeqHo, MaTpeiiiKH. H erue H -Nesting dolls of course. And
coBezyro Te6e KYIIHTh rranexc- also I recommend that you buy
KHe IIIKaryJIKH, HO OHM CTORT Palekh lacquer boxes, but they
oqeHb ,n;oporo. are very expens1ve.
-A qTo TaKoe «rranexcKa!i»? -What is Palekh?
- ITanex - 3TO .uepeBHli, B KO- - Palekh is a village where they
Topotf ,n;eJiaiOT 3TH IIIKaryJIKH. make lacquer boxes.
- Hx ,n;enaiOT TOJihKO B ITanexe? -Are they made only in Palekh?
-,[(a. 3To opHrHHaJihHoe Ha- -Yes. It's an unique folk art.
po,n;Hoe HCKYCCTBO.
- QqeHb HHTepeCHO. - Very interesting.
- EcTh 6oJibiiiHe H MaJieHhKHe - There are large and small lac-
IIIKaTyJIKH, HO BCe oqeHh KpaCH- quer boxes, but they are all very
Bbie. pretty.
- 5I o6H3aTeJihHO Kyrrnro rranex- - I will be sure to buy Palekh -lac-
CKYIO IIIKaTynKy. CrracH6o 3a quer boxe. Thank you for the
CO BeT! advice!
11)
- Caiiia, Thi He 3Haeiiih, r.n:e MO)l(- - Sasha, do you know where I can
HO KYIIHTh py6aiiiKy? Bqepa H buy a shirt? Yesterday I was at a
6hiJI B Mara3HHe, HO MHe TaM store, but I didn't like the shirts
py6aiiiKH He IIOHpaBHJIHC:b. there.
- ITaTpHK, ecT:h oqeHb xopoiiiHH - Patrick, there is a very good
Mara3HH. OH Ha3:biBaeTCH «Pyc- store. It's called "Ruslan". There
naH». TaM MO)l(HO KYIIHT:b M~- you can buy men's clothing:
126 YPDK 9. B MArA31tHE

CKHe Bern;u: KOCTIOMhi, py6am- suits, shirts, coats, ties, socks,


KH, ITaiThTO, KypTKH, faiTCTYKH, shoes.
HOCKH, 60THHKH.
- «PycrraH»? A rroqeMy Mara3HH - "Ruslan"? And why is the store
Ha3hiBaeTcg «PycrraH»? called "Ruslan"?
- 3To pyccKoe MY)KCKoe HMj!. Tbi - It's a Russian name. Have you
quTarr IT03MY IIymKHHa «Pyc- read the Pushkin poem "Ruslan
rraH u JliO,nMHJia»? and Ludmila"?
- ,[(a, quTarr. A B MocKBe ecTh u -Yes, I have. And is there a store
Mara3HH «JliO,nMHJia»? in Moscow named "Ludmila"?
-,[(a, ecTh. TaM MO)KHO KyrruTJ> -Yes, there is. There you can buy
)KeHcKue Bemu: rrrraTJ>g, 106Ku, women's clothing: dresses,
6rry3KH, IIaiTbTO, KypTKH, my6bl, skirts, blouses, coats (short &
qyJIKH, TY<l>JIH. long), fur coats, hose, shoes.
- A r,ne Haxo,ngTcg 3TH MaraJH- - And where are these stores lo-
Hbi? cated?
- Mara3HH «PycrraH» Haxo,nuTcg - "Ruslan" is located on Smolen-
Ha CMorreHcKOH: IIJioma.n;u. Te6e skaya square. You need to go by
HY*HO exaTh )1;0 CTaHQHH MeT- metro to the station "Smolen-
pO «CMorreHcKag». Mara3HH skaya". The store is next to the
pg,nOM. «JliO)J;MHJia» HaXO)J;HTCg metro. "Ludmila" is located on
Ha yrruQe 3eMrrgHoH: Barr. 3ro Zemlyanoi Val street. That's
cTaHQHj! MeTPo «KypcKag». H metro station "Kurskaya". And
TaM HeMHOfO H)J;TH IIeiiiKOM. then a little bit on foot.
- Cama, crracu6o 3a coBeT! - Sasha, thanks for the advice!
-He 3a qro! -You're welcome!
12)
- CKa)KHTe, IIO)KaJiyH:cTa, xrre6 - Tell me, please, is the bread
CBe)KHH? fresh?
- ,[(a, CBe)KHH. -Yes, it's fresh.
- MHe, rro)KaJiyH:cTa, 6aTOH 6e- - I'll take a loaf of white bread
rroro u 6yxaHKy qepHoro. and a loaf of black bread.
- IIo)KarryH:cTa. Bo3J>MHTe c,naqy. -Here's your change.
13)
- ,[(aH:Te, ITO)KaJiyHCTa, rraqKy - Give me a package of butter, two
Macrra, ,nBa naKeTa MOJIOKa, 400 containers of milk, 400 grams of
rpaMM KOJI6aCbi H 300 rpaMM sausage, and 300 grams of
C.bipa. CKOJI.bKO CMeHg? cheese. How much do I owe?
- C Bac 125 py6rreH:. -You owe 125 rubles.
- IIo)KarryH:cTa, 150. -Here is 150.
- Bo3.&MHTe c,naqy 25 py6rreH:. - Your change is 25 rubles.
-Crracu6o. -Thank you.
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 127

14)
- CKa)l(HTe, CKOJihKO CTOHT 3TH - Tell me, how much do these
QBeTbl? flowers cost?
- 70 py6neif o,n;Ha IIITYKa. - 70 rubles per stem.
- MHe 5 IIITYK, IIO)l(aJiyifcTa. - 5 stems, please.
-B03bMHTe. - Here you are.
- CrraCH6o. -Thank you.
15)
- CKa)l(HTe, CKOJihKO CTOHT 3TH - Tell me, how much do these ap-
516JIOKH? ples cost?
- 30 py6neif KHJiorpaMM. - 30 rubles a kilogram.
- ,LI;aifTe 2 KHJiorpaMMa. - Give me 2 kilograms.
- C Bac 60 py6neif. -You owe 60 rubles.
-BoT 100. -Here is 100.
- Bo3bMHTe c,n;aqy, - Here is your change.
- Crracn6o. -Thank you.
16)
- IToKa)l(HTe, rro)l(aJiyifcTa, 3TY - Can you show me that coat,
KYPTKy. please?
-3ry? -This one?
-,LI;a,3ry. -Yes, that one.
- TaHH, Te6e HpaBHTCH 3Ta KYPT- - Tanya, do you like this coat?
Ka?
- ,LI;a, oHa oqeHb TerrnaH 11 Mo,n;- -Yes, it's very warm, and fashion-
HaH. Ho MHe He HpaBHTCH QBeT. able. But I don't like the color.
- ITOCMOTpH BOT TY KYPTKy. - Look at this coat.
- KpacHBaH. Ho 3TO He MOM pa3- - It's pretty, but it's not my size.
Mep.
17)
- Po6epT, KaKHe pyccKHe cyBeHH- - Robert, what Russian souvenirs
pbi Thi 3Haeiiib? do you know of?
- KoHeqHo, H 3HaiD MaTpeiiiKH, - I know nesting dolls and samo-
caMoBapbi. vars, of course.
-Aem:e? - And what else?
- Em:e KpacHBbre )l(eHcKne rrnaT- -Also pretty women's scarves. I
KH. He 3HaiD, KaK OHM Ha3biBa- don't know what they're called.
IDTCH.
- ITaBJioBonoca.n;cKHe. rrnaTKH, - Pavlovoposad scarves, because
rroToMy qTO HX .n;enaiDT B ropo- they are made in a city named
.n;e, KOTOpbiH Ha3biBaeTC51 llaB- Pavlov Posad. There are also
JIOB lloca.n;. Em:e ecTb opeH- Orenburg scarves. They are white,
6yprcKHe IIJiaTKH. 0HH 6eJibie, warm, and very light. They are
128 YpoK 9. B MArA3MHE

TenJII>Ie HoqeHb nerKHe. Hx .Ae- made in the city of Orenburg.


JiaiOT Bropo.Ae OpeH6ypre.
- ..si KYTIJIIO 3TH nnaTKH MaMe H - I will buy those scarves for my
TIO.Apyre. A MOHM .APY3MIM Hpa- mother and my friend. And my
BHTCH HCKYCCTBO. flM MO:>KHO friends like art. Can I buy them
KYTIHTb B MocKBe KaKHe-HH- some kind of souvenirs in Mos-
6y.AI> cyBeHHpbi? cow?
- KoHeqHo, MO:>KHO. KynH :>Koc- - Of course you can. Buy them
TOBCKHe TIO):(HOCbl, H3):(eJIHH H3 Zhostov trays, Gzhel and
f:>KeJIH H XoXJIOMbi HJIH nanex- Khokhloma items, or Palekh lac-
CKHe IIIKaTyJIKH. 3TO OpHrH- quer boxes. This is original Rus-
HaJibHOe pyCCKOe HapO.AHOe HC- sian folk art.
KYCCTBO.
-A r.Ae MO:>KHo KynHTb Bce 3To? - And where can you buy all this?
- Mo:>KHO noexaTb B H3MaHJIOB- - You can go to Izmailovskiy Park.
CKHH napK. TaM 6oJII>IIIOH pbi- There is a big market there.
HOK.
- A KaK ):(oexaTb .AO H3MaHJIOB- - And how do you get to Iz-
cKoro napKa? mailovskiy Park?
- HY:>KJio exaTb Ha MeTPO .AO CTaH- - You need to go by metro to the
U:HH, KOTOpaH Ha3hlBaeTCH «fu- station called "Izmailovskiy
MaHJIOBCKHH napK», a TaM nern- Park", and from there on foot.
KOM.
- CnacH6o 3a coBeT! - Thank you for the advice!

2. Tell which stores you have visited in Moscow, and what you have pur-
chased.

3. Your friend wants to buy Russian literature. Give him advice on where
he can buy the books, how to get to the stores, and what phrases he should
use in the stores when shopping for the books.

4. What Russian souvenirs would you recommend buying for friends? Why?

5. Tell what national souvenirs you have in your country, where you can
buy them, and how much they cost.
Lesson 9. IN THE STORE 129

TeeT • Quiz
1. Fill in the correct answers.
1) 6)
- qTO BLI XOTHTe IcynHT:b B Moc- - .H coBeTyro Te6e noexan B
KBe? fYM!
2) 7)
- KaKHe pyccKHe CYBeHHPLI BM - CKa:IKHTe, no:~KaJiyifcTa, y Bac
3Haere? eCT:b HTaJI:bXHCKO-pyccKHH CJIO-
Bap:b?

3) 8)
- f,n;e MO:IKHO KynHT:b pyCCKHe - CKOJILKO CTOXT na11Ka MaCJia H
CyBeHHpLI? naKeT MOJIOKa?

4) 9)
- BLI noKynaeTe npo.n:YKTLI B Ma- - CnacH6o 3a coBeT!
ra3HHe HJIH Ha pLIHKe?

5) 10)
- qTO BLI o6LI11HO nOicynaeTe Ha - BaM HpaBXTcx pyccKHe npo.n:yK-
pLIHKe? TLI? IloqeMy?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)
- C Bac 560 py6Jieif. - IlOTOMY 11TO MHe HpaBHTCX
2) pyccKoe Mopo:~KeHoe.
7)
- KHHrH MO:IKHO KynHTL B «,lJ;OMe
KHHrH» Ha HoBOM Ap6aTe. - 2 KHJIOrpaMMa, nO:IKaJIYHCTa.
3) 8)

- 06LI11HO X noKynaiO OBOIUH Ha - 5.[ XOTeJI 6LI KynHT:b KaKHe-


pLIHKe. HH6y,n;L cyBeHHpLI.
4) 9)

- HeT, 3TOT KOCTIOM MHe He Hpa- - 3ro naJILTO CTOHT 7000 py6JieH.
BHTCX.
5) 10)

- CnacH6o 3a coBeT! -He3a11ro!


3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 9 as if y~u were shop-
ping in the following stores: Hpooy~<.mw, Cysenupw, Knuzu.
9-629
YpoH 10 • Lesson 10

noroaa. BpeMeHa roaa. n10dMMoe apeMH roaa •


• 111e Weather. 111e Seasons. Favorite Season of
the Year

neHCMHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.
ro.n year
speWI r6.na season of the year
KaK6e ceii11ac speWI r6.na? What season of the year is it?
speMeHa r6.na seasons ofthe year
3HMa winter
secHa spring
nero summer
6ceHL fall
Kor.na? 3HMOH When? in winter
BeCHOH in spring
JieTOM in summer
6ceHJ>IO in fall
MeCJIU month
KaK6ii ceii11ac MecJiu? What month is it?
JIHBapL January
cpespanL February
MapT March
anpen~. April
Maii May
HIDHL June
HIDJIL July
asrycT August
ceHTR6pL September
OKni6pL October
HOR6pL November
.ned6pL December
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 131

Kor,n;a? When?
BjiHBape in January
B <J>eBpane in February
BMaJITe in March
B anpene in April
BMae in May
B HIDHe in June
BHI6ne in July
BaBryCTe in August
BceHTg6pe in September
B Oicrg6pe in October
B Hog6pe in November
B,n;eKa6pe in December
po,n;H:n.cg to be born
Kor,n;a BLI po,n;HJIH:cL? When were you born?
JI po,n;Hncg 3HM6H, BgHBape. I was born in winter, in January.
npHexan. to arrive
Kor,n;a BLI npHexanH BMocKBy? When did you come to Moscow?
JI npHexan B MaJYfe. I came in March.

KaK? X6JIO,L{HO cold (adverb)


Tenn6 warm
)KapKO hot
npoxn{l.n;Ho cool

KaK6ii? xon6,n;HLIH cold (adjective)


rennLIH warm
)KapKHH hot
npoxna,n;HLIH cool
KJIHMaT climate
KaK6H KJIHMaT B Bameii CTpaHe? What kind of climate do you have
in your country?
plllHLIH varied
ror south
CeBep north
3ana,n; west
BOCT6K east
r.n;e? Ha I6re Where? in the south
HaceBepe in the north
Ha 3ana,n;e in the west
Ha BOCT6Ke in the east
132 YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOllA. ntO&MMOE BPEMJI rOllA

KaKWI cer6.n;nH nor6.n;a? What is the weather today?


Cer6,n;uH x6no,n;uo. It is cold today.
Cer6,n;HH xon6,n;uaH nor6,n;a. The weather is cold today.
Mue x6no.n;uo. I am cold.
,n;eHb,,D;HH day, days
KaKWI nor6,n;a 6y.n;eT B6niDKimmue What will the weather be in the next
,r(HH? few days?
nOCJie3aB1'pa day after tomorrow
no3aBllepa day before yesterday
,D;O)KJ{b rain
H,n;er ,n;o)l(,l{b rain is falling, it is raining
cuer snow
u.n;th cuer snow is falling, it is snowing
c6nuue sun
CBeTHT C6JIHlle the sun is shining
BeTep wind
.n;:YeT BeTep wind is blowing, it is windy
clfn~>n~>Ili 1 cna6~>Ili BeTep strong I light wind
Mop63 frost, intensely cold weather
:lKapa heat
TeMneparypa temperature
IIJIIOC plus
MHHYC minus
rpli,n;yc degree
Cer6,n;HH + 12° (nn10c ,n;Beuli.n;uaTL Today it is+ 12°.
rpli,n;ycoB).
TeMnepazypa OT +5° .n;o + 10° temperature is from +5° to + 10°
IIepe,n;aBanu no pa,n;uo, liTO ... It was reported on the radio that ...
Coo6lllHJIH no TeJieBH3opy, liTO ... It was reported on the television
that...
JII06HTL to love
JII06HMOe BpeMH r6,n;a favorite season of the year
KaK6e Bame JII06ifMoe BpeMH r6.n;a? What is your favorite season of the
year?
Moe JII06ifMoe BpeMH r6,n;a ... My favorite season of the year is ...
rrpup6,n;a nature
B63,n;yx air
ue6o sky
nec 1 forest

1 Remember: zyJZRmb zoe? s 11ecy. Several masculine nouns have the prepositional
ending -y.
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 133

JIMCT, JllfcTMI leaf, leaves


.n;epeBo, .n;epeBMI tree, trees
y.n;MBHTeJIJ:.HhlH surprising
npeKpaCHhlH beautiful
30JIOTOH golden
KynaTJ:.CH 1 , TIJiaBaTJ:. 1 to swim
3aropaTh2 to sunbathe
rymiTr:. 2 to take a walk, stroll
.Hro.n;a berry
rpM6 mushroom
co6MpaTr:.2 .Hro.n;r:.1 MrpM6bi to collect berries and mushrooms
JIOBHTJ:. pbJ:6y to fish
.n;yMaTJ:.2 to think
to go snow-skiing
Ha KoHr:.Kax ice-skating
Ha CaHKaX sledding
HeJir:.3.H it is impossible, not allowed
30HT umbrella
caMJ:.IH (the) most
CMHOTITMK weather-forecaster
ern;e He not yet
}')Ke already
.n;IDI<e even

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 39
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
JI/0/iHTh (KOFO? qTO?) AND JIOBHTh (KOFO? qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

JJIOOIITb (HCB) I JIOBII'I b (HCB)


Present tense
H mo6mo Mbl mo6MM .H JIOBJIIO Mbl JIOBMM
Tbl JII06MIIIJ:. Bbl JII06MTe Tbl JIOBMIIIJ:. Bhl JIOBHTe
OH, OHa JII06MT OHM JII06.HT OH, OHa JIOBMT OHM JIOB.HT

1 Kynam&cR carries a meaning of playing in the water or bathing. fl;weam& means swim-
ming more as a sport.
2 These verbs decline like the verb 'lumam&.
134 YpoH 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niO&MMOE BPEMJI rOAA

Continued

moon n. (1-1 C B) I .TJOBIITL (1-JCB)


Past tense
H, Thl, OH mo6Hrr H, Tbi, OH JIOBHJI
H, Thl, OHa mo6Hrra H, Thi, OHa JIOBHJia
Mbi, Bbi, OHH mo6HJIH Mbi, Bhl, OHH JIOBHJIH
Future tense
H 6y.n;y JH06HTb H 6y.n;y JIOBHTb
Tbi 6y.n;eiiih mo6HTh Tbi 6y.n;eiiib JIOBHTb
OH,OHa 6y.n;eT mo6HTb OH,OHa 6y.n;eT JIOBHTb
Mbi 6y.n;eM mo6HTb Mbi 6y.n;eM JIOBHTb
Bbi 6y.n;eTe mo6HTb Bbi 6y.n;eTe JIOBHTb
OHH 6y.n;yT JH06HTb OHH 6y.n;yT JIOBHTb

Table 40

CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS


KYHAThCR (F/rE?) AND KATAThCR (HA Jlh])KAX, etc.) (F/rE?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

1-;ynancn (HCB) I h:aJaJLCH (I-ICB)


Present tense
H KyrraiOCb Mbi KyrraeMCH H KaTaiOCb Mbi KaTaeMCH
Thi KyrraeiiibCH Bhi KyrraeTech ThiKaTaelllbCH Bbi KaTaeTeCb
OH, OHa KyrraeTCH OHH KyrraiOTCH OH, OHa KaTaeTCH OHH KaTaiOTCH
Past tense
H, Tbi, OH KyrrarrcH H, Tbi, OH KaTaJICH
H, Thl, OHa Kyrrarracb H, Thl, OHa KaTarrach
Mbi, Bbi, OHH KYIIaJIHCb Mbi, Bbi, OHH KaTaJIHCb
Future tense
H 6y.n;y KyrraTbCH H 6y.n;y KaTaTbCH
Thl 6y.n;eiiib KyrraTbCH Thi 6y.n;eiiib KaTaTbCH
OH,OHa 6y.n;eT KyrraTbCH OH,OHa 6y.n;eT KaTaTbCH
Mbl 6y.n;eM KyrraTbCH Mbi 6y.n;eM KaTaTbCH
Bhl 6y.n;eTe KyrraThCH Bbl 6y.n;eTe KaTaTbCH
OHH 6y.n;y_T K_yrraThCH OHH 6y.n;yT KaTaTbCH
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 135

Table 41
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS P0,4HThCH (F,4E?)
AND IIPHEXATh (KY,4A?, KOF,4A?) IN THE PAST TENSE

poJOIIhcn (CB) I upucxa1t. (CB)


H,Tbl, OH PO.AMJICH H, Tbl, OH npMeXaJI
H,Tbl, OHa pO)l;MJiaCb H,TI>I, oHa npMexana
Mbl, Bbl, OHM O)l;MJIMCb Mbl, Bbl, OHM MeXaJIM

Remember:
1 (O)l;MH) rpa,n;yc
2,3,4,rpa.n;yca
5, 6 ... rpa.n;ycoB
0 (HOJib) rpa.AyCOB
Table 42
FORMATION OF THE LEVELS OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
Ad_jective Comparative Superlative
XOJIO)l;HbiH XOJIO)l;Hee,':leM caMI>IH xoJIO.AHhlH
TeiiJI»IH TeiiJiee,~:~eM caM»IH TeiiJI»IH
)l(apKMH )l(ap~:~e, ~:~eM CaMbiH )l(apKHH
rrpoxna.n;HhlH rrpoxna,n;Hee,~:~eM CaMI>IH rrpoxna.n;HhlH
KpaCMBbiH KpaCMBee,':leM CaMbiH KpaCMBbiH
CHJibHbiH CHJII>Hee,lleM CaMbiH CHJibHbiH
6oJiblliOH 6oJII>Ille, 11eM CaMbiH 60JiblliOH
MaJieHbKMH MeHI>Ille, 11eM caMbiH MaJieHbKHH
xopOiliMH JIY':IIlle, ':ICM caMhlH xopOiliMH
IIJIOXOH xy)l(e ~:~eM CaMbiH IIJIOXOH

Remember:
TeMnepayYpa oT ••• .AO •••
OT HYJIH )l;O O)l;Horo rpa.n;yca
OT O)l;HOrO )1;0 )l;Byx rpa,n;ycoB
oT .AByx .AO TPex rpa.n;ycoB
oT TPex .AO lleThlpex rpa.n;ycoB
OT ':leTbipex )1;0 IIHTM rpa)J;yCOB
OT IIHTM )1;0 IliCCTM rpa,n;yCOB
OT ...j! )1;0 ...1:1 rpa,n;ycoB
136 YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niO&MMOE BPEMJI rOAA

Table 43
COMBINED TABLE OF ANIMATE AND INANIMATE
SINGULAR NOUNS IN THE ACCUSATIVE CASE

Animate noun -Kozo? Inanimate noun- 11mo?


Masculine
6paTa CHer
H mo6mo BHKTOpa XJie6
repoH Chip
Feminine
HaTamy MocKBY

H mo6mo ceCTPY npHpo,~J;y

llO)l;pyry Korr6acy
TaHIO uo: oceHh
llJIOW:a,IJ;h
Neuter
JieTO
JI JII06JIIO - MOJIOKO
Mope

Note:
1) The endings for masculine animate nouns in the accusative case
are the same as in the genitive. The endings for masculine inanimate nouns
in the accusative case are the same as in the nominative case.
2) The endings for feminine animate and inanimate nouns in the ac-
cusative case are -y (or -10), except with nouns ending in -b. For these
words, the ending does not change from the nominative.
3) The endings for all neuter nouns in the accusative case are the
same as in the nominative case.
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 137

Table 44
COMBINED TABLE OF ANIMATE AND INANIMATE NOUNS
IN THE ACCUSATIVE PLURAL

Animate nouns- Kozo? Inanimate nouns- 11mo?

Masculine
CT)',ZJ;eHTOB rpH6bi
H mo6mo repoeB :>KypHarrbr
npeno,ZJ;aBaTene:H <i>PYKTbl
Feminine
no,ZJ;pyr KHHrH
H mo6mo
,ZJ;eByiiieK ra3eTbi
Neuter
llHCbMa
H mo6mo -
MOpH

Remember:
,ZJ;py3e:H
.H mo6mo ,ZJ;eTe:H
pO,ll;HTeJieH
Note:
1) Masculine animate nouns in the accusative plural have the same
endings as those in the genitive plural. Masculine inanimate nouns in
the accusative plural have the same endings as those in the nominative
plural.
2) Feminine animate nouns in the accusative plural have the same
endings as those in the genitive plural. Feminine inanimate nouns in
the accusative plural have the same endings as those in the nomina-
tive plural.
3) All neuter nouns have the same endings in the accusative plural
as those in the nominative plural.
138 YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rDAA. n106MMOE BPEMJI rDAA

Table 45
COMBINED TABLE OF ADJECTIVAL ENDINGS
IN THE ACCUSATIVE CASE (SINGULAR AND PLURAL)
I Animate nouns -Kozo? IInanimate nouns -limo?
Masculine sin2ular
H mo6mo IKpacHBoro .n;pyra IBKYCHbiM xne6
xopornero .n;pyra XOPOII1HM ChiP
Masculine plural
H mo6mo IKpacHBbiX .n;py3eM IBKYCHbie rpH6bi
xopornHx .n;py3eM xopornHe *YPHaJibi
Feminine sin2ular
H mo6mo IKpacHBYID .n;eByrnKy IBKYCHYID Kon6acy
xoporny10 .n;eByrnKy xoporny10 noro.n;y
Feminine plural
H JII06JIIO IKpacHBbiX .n;eByrneK IBKYCHbie Hro.n;bi
XOPOII1HX .n;eByrneK xopornHe raJeTbi
Neuter sin2ular
H JII06JIIO - I.BKYCHOe BHHO
I Tennoe Mope
Neuter plural
H JII06JIIO - I.BKYCHhle BHHa
I TeTIJibie MOpH
Remember:
1) Endings of masculine accusative adjectives depend on whether
the adjective is being used with an animate or inanimate noun. If the
adjective is used with an animate noun, then the accusative plural end-
ings will be the same as in the genitive plural. If the adjective is used with
an inanimate noun, then the accusative plural endings will be the same as
in the nominative plural.
2) Endings of feminine singular adjectives in the accusative case do
not depend on whether the adjective is being used with an animate or
inanimate noun: the endings will always be -y10 ( -1010). In the accusative
plural, adjectival endings will depend on the noun: if the adjective is
being used with an animate noun, then the accusative plural endings will
be the same as in the genitive plural. If the noun is inanimate, the accusa-
tive plural endings will be the same as in the nominative plural.
3) Endings of neuter adjectives in the accusative plural will be the
same as in the nominative plural.
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 139

Explanation: Indefinite Personal Construction


The indefinite personal construction is used when the focus of a sen-
tence is an action by an undefined person. The identity of the acting body
is either unknown or unimportant to the speaker of the sentence. To form
a phrase suing indefinite construction, the verb is conjugated into the 3rd
person plural, and there is no subject.
Compare:
Personal construction:
Mou opy3bfl Mile 2060pWlU, ttmo 3UMOU 6 MocK6e XOllOOHO.
My friends told me that winter in Moscow is cold.
Indefinite personal construction:
MHe 2060pWlu, ttmo 6 MocK6e 3UMOU XOllOOHO.
I was told that winter in Moscow is cold.
Infinitive Present tense Past tense Future tense
coo6IIlan, (HCB) C006IIlaiOT coo6IIlanH 6y.n;YT C006IIlaTL
nepe.n;aBaTL (HCB) nepe.n;aiOT nepe.n;aBanH 6y.n;YT nepe.n;aBaTL
roBopHTb (HCB) roBopu roBOpHnH 6y.n;YT roBOpHTb
n.HcaTL (HCB) ITHIIIYT nHcanH 6y.n;YT ITHCaTb

Explanation: Impersonal Construction


In Russian there is a type of construction which has no subject. This
type of construction is called impersonal construction. It expresses:
a) the conditions of nature or environment
Ha YllUtfe XOllOOHO. It is cold outside.
CezooHR :JK:apKo. It is hot today.
b) the condition of a person, as expressed with the words: XOllOOHo,
menllo, uHmepecHo, mpyoHo, npUR.mHo and others. In such expressions,
the noun or pronoun representing the person whose condition is being
described is usually in the dative case.
M11e XOllOOHO. I am cold.
EMy XOllOOHo. He is cold.
BaM xollooHo. You are cold.
BaM 6yoem uHmepecHo. It will be interesting for you.
JleHe 6blllO mpyo11o. It was difficult for Lena.
140 YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rDAA. niO&MMOE BPEMJI rOAA

Independent of will, the condition of the speaker may be expressed


using reflexive verbs xottemcR, Ka:JICemcR and others, plus the verb in the
infinitive .
.JI xotty zy.!lJlmb.
I want to take a walk.
MHe xottemcR zy.!lJlmb.
OH xottem omobzxamb.
He wants to relax.
EMy xottemcR omobzxamb.
c) necessity, possibility and impossibility as expressed using the ad-
verbs uaoo, HY:JICHO, Heo6xoOUMO, MO:JICHO, He.Jlb3Jl and others.
MHe uaoo uomu 6 MQ2a3UH. I have to go to the store.
EMy He.JZb3R KynambcR. He is forbidden to swim.
MHe HY:JICHO ~rynumb nooapKU I need to buy presents for my
opy3bflJI-t. friends.
d) the absence of a subject or person using the word Hem, He 6bllto,
He 6yoem. In such expressions, the noun or pronoun representing the sub-
ject or person who is absent is in the genitive case.

Compare:

Personal sentence Impersonal sentence Translation


Y~weHR ecmb :JICypHan. Y MeHR uem :JICypuana. I have (do not have)
a magazine.

Y MeHR 6bzn :JICypHan. Y MeHR ue 6bzno :JICYP- I had (did not have)
uana. a magazine.
Y MeHR 6yoem :JICYP- Y MeHR ue 6yoem :JIC)Jp- I will (will not) have
Hall. uana a magazine.

CezooHR uoem (ecmb) CezOOI-lJl Hem OO:JICOR. It is (is not) raining


oo:JICOb. today.

CezoouR He 6bzno It was (was not)


OO:JICOR. raining today.
CezooHR 6yoem CezooHR ue 6yoem It will (will not) rain
OO:JICOb. OO:JICOR. today.
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 141

Table 46
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB 4YMATh
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

.llYMaTb (HCB)
Present tense
}I .D.yMaiO Mbl .D.yMaeM
Tbl .D.yMaeiiib Bbl .D.yMaeTe
OH,OHa .D.yMaeT OHM .D.yMaiOT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH .ll.YMaJI
H, Tbl, OHa .D.YMaJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHM .ll.YMaJIM
Future tense
}I 6y.D.y .D.yMaTb Mbl 6y.D.eM .D.yMaTb
Tbl 6y.D.eiiib .D.yMaTb Bbl 6y.D.eTe .D.yMaTb
OH,OHa 6y.[l.eT .li.YMaTb OHM 6Y.D.YT .li.YMaTb

Remember:
The verb oyMamb can be used in the following ways:
a) with the prepositional case:
OyMamb 0 KOM? 0 'leM?
Jl oyMmo 0 MaMe, 0 6pame. I am thinking about my mother, brother.
b) with the conjunction 'lmo:
OyMamb, 'lmO ...
Jl oyMmo, 'lmO 6yoem dOJICOb. I think that it will rain.
c) with the conjunction o moM, 'lmo:
OyMamb 0 mOM, 'lmO ...
Jl oyMmo o moM, 'lmo 6yoem 3aempa. I am thinking about what will
happen tomorrow.
d) with questioning words: KaKou, KaK, Kyoa, zoe and others:
Jl oyMmo, KaKue cyeeHUpbl Kynumb. I am thinking of what sou-
venirs to buy.
Jl oyMmo, Kyoa OH uoem. I am thinking about where
he is going.
e) memorize the following expression:
KaK 8bl oyMaeme? KaK mbl oyMaeLUb? What do you think?
142 YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rDaA. nto&HMOE BPEMR rOAA

YnpaHIHeHMH • Exercises

1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbmo6um11•


.5! ... nero. B1>1 ... nnaBaTI>? PaHI>IIIe oHa ... 3MMy, a ceJiqac ... BecHy.
OHM ... KaTaTI>CH Ha JibDKax. f.n;e Thi ... KaTaThcx Ha KOHI>Kax? PaHr:.IIIe Mbi
... JIOBMTb p1>16y, a ceJiqac He .... OH oqeHr:. ... KynaTbCH M 3aropaTr:.. 0Ha
... ero Bcer.n;a.
2. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case .
.5! mo6mo (3MMa M neTo). HaTaiiia KynMna (KpacMBax cyMKa). OH
mo6MT (cecTpa M 6paT). fuopb MAH.n;peH qMTaiOT (ra3eTbl M)KypHaJibi).
fiOKa)KMTe (3Ta 6ny3Ka M3TOT map<!>). OHM He JII06HT ( XOJIO.n;HaH noro.n;a).
,ll;aiiTe, no)KanyiicTa, (naqKa Macna M naKeT MOJIOKa). Mr:.1 nro6MM
(Tennoe MOpe M )KapKOe COJIHUe). TaHH JII06MT (BMKTOp), a BMICTOp
mo6MT (TaHx). IIocMoTpMTe (3TO qepHoe nani>TO M 3Ta cepax rnnxna).
B1>1 nro6MTe (cbip)? Tbi nro6Mrnb JIOBMTb (p1>16a)? AHToH nro6HT (Kpa-
CMBJ:.Ie .n;eByiliKM).
3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs pooumfiCR and
npuexam11 in the past tense.
a) f.n;e ... BMKTop? Koma Bbl ... ? .5! ... B MocKBe B anpene. MoM
po.n;MTeJIM ... B PoccMM. OHM ... oceHbiO? Kor.n;a Mr.n;e Tbl ... ? Ero .n;py3I>H
... B fepMaHMM. JleHa ... B BHBape.
6) Kor.n;a Bbi ... B MocKBy? Moii .n;pyr ... B PoccMJO B MapTe, a Mox
no.n;pyra ... B Mae. OHM ... BeCHOH . .5! ... B AMepMKY 3MMOH.
4. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs «ynamfiCR or Kama-
mfiCR.
JleTOM .Sl 06bJqHo ... B MOpe. Bqepa OH .. • Ha Jlbi)Kax. 3MMOH OHM
o6x3aTeJII>HO ... Ha caHKax. Mpa ... M B qepHoM Mope, M B EaJITHHCKOM.
Tbi JI106MIIIb ... B MOpe? Mbi MO)KeM ... Ha Jlbi)Kax. f.n;e OHM o6J:.IqHo ... ?
Tbi ... Ha KOHI>Kax 3MMOH? 3asTpa H ... B MOpe.
5. Put the word zpaoyc and the numbers in the proper form.
CeJiqac B MocKBe -2 (rpa.n;yc). 3MMOH B CM6MpM OT -25 .n;o -35
(rpa.n;yc). CKonr:.Ko (rpa.n;yc) 6y.n;eT 3aBTPa? JieroM B JloH.n;oHe OT +15 .n;o
+22 (rpa.n;yc). B Hox6pe B MocKBe OT 0 .n;o -4 (rpa.n;yc). ITo pa.n;Mo nepe-
.n;asanM, qro B IIapM)Ke ceJiqac +4 (rpa.n;yc). KaiC Tbi .LlYMaerni>, CKOJibKO
(rpa.n;yc) cero.n;Hx? .5! .n;yMaJO, (rpa.n;yc) 2-3.
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 143

6. Put the adjectives in parentheses into the comparative form.


Cero.n;IDI BeTep (cHJibHbiH), qeM Bqepa. 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT (xoJIO.D:HbiH),
qeM cero.n;HR. KrrHMaT B I1TaJIHH (Tei1JibiH), qeM B PoccHH. MocKBa (6oJib-
rnoli), qeM BJia,n;HMHp. B A¢pHKe ()KapKHH), qeM B EBporre. 3m cyBe-
HHpbi (xopornHli), qeM Te. BecHoli (11poxJia.n;HbiH), qeM JieTOM. CMoJieHCK
(MaJieHbKHH), qeM MocKBa. 3ToT KOCTIOM (rrJioxoll:), qeM TOT. JleToM
(KpaCHBbiH), qeM 3HMOH?
7. Put the words in parentheses into the dative case.
(Bbi) XOJIO.D:HO? (0H) XOJIO.D:HO. (JleHa) 6biJIO XOJIO.D:HO. (Tbi) 6y,n;eT
Tei1JIO. (Mbi) 6y,n;eT HHTepeCHO. (51) oqeHb 11pHHTHO. (0HH) xoporuo?
(BHKTOp) H~HO exaTb Ha MeTpO. (0Ha) HMO H.D:TH B Mara3HH. (Bbi)
MO)KHO exaTb Ha MeTpo HJIH aBT06yce. (AH.n;peli) HeJib3H 3aropaTb.
(,[ijJy3bH) HeJib3H Ky11aTbCH.
8. Change the following personal expressions into impersonal ones.
a) Example: - Cero,n;HH H,n;eT ,n;o)K,n;b.
- Cero.n;HH HeT .n:o)K,n;H.
Bqepa 6biJI cHer. Coo6maJIH 110 pa.n;Ho, qTo 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT ,n;O)K.l\b. Y
MeHH ecTb cecTpa. Y Hero 6bma HHTepecHaH KHHra. Cero.n;HH Mopo3. B
Mara3HHe 6biJIH cyBeHHpbi. 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT COJIHU:e.
6) Example: - 5I xoqy ryJIHTb.
- MHe xoqeTcH ryJIHTb.
0HH XOTHT OT.L\hiXaTb. 0Ha He xoqeT pa6oTaTb. Mbl XOTHM JieTOM
11JiaBaTb H 3aropaTb. 5I xoqy roBOpHTb 110-pycCKH 6biCTpO H 11paBHJibHO.
Tbi xoqerub rroexaTb B MocKBy? Bbi xoTHTe xoporno KaTaTbCH Ha Jibi)Kax?
AHTOH He xoqeT ryJIRTb B Jiecy. 0JIH He xoqeT 3BOHHTb 11o.n;pyre.
9. Change the expression into the indefinite personal.
a) Example: - MoH .n;py3bH roBopHJIH, qTo B PoccHH xoJio,n;Ho.
- foBopHJIH, qTo B PoccHH xoJIO.D:HO.
ITo TeJieBH3opy CHHOI1THKH Bqepa coo6marrH, qTo 6y.n;eT +5°. MoH
po.n;HTeJIH 11HWYT, qTo .n;oMa Bee B 110pH.n;Ke. ITo pa.n;Ho ceifqac CHHOI1THKH
6y.n:YT 11epe.n;aBaTb, KaKaH 11oro.n;a 6y.n;eT 3aBTpa.
6) Example: - MoH .n:py3bH roBopHJIH, qTo B PoccHH xoJio,n;Ho.
- foBopHT, qTo B PoccHH xoJio.n;Ho.
,.[QKOH rOBOpHJI MHe, qTQ B JlOH.L\OHe BCer,n;a H,n;eT .L\O)K.l\b. Ifpa 11HCaJia
MHe, qTo B CH6HpH Mopo3 .n:o -35°. ITo TeJieBH3opy CHH011THK coo6marr,
qTo 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT cHer. ITo pa.n;Ho 11epe.n;aBaJIH, qTo B 6JIH)KaHrnHe ,n;HH
6y.n;eT Tei1JiaH rroro.n;a.
144 YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niOiiHMOE BPEMSI rOAA

10. Complete the sentences•


.5! qacro .U}'MaiO o .. . . KaK Tbi .n}'Maelllb, KaKM .. . ? MoH .upy3MI
.ll}'MaiOT, KaKHe .... 3HMOH Mbl .llYMaJIH 0 ... , a neTOM 0 .... .5J: .ll}'MaiO,
qro .... KaK Bbi .u}'MaeTe, r.ue ... ? BM.ll}'MaeTe o ... ? Huor.n;a OHH .n}'MaiOT,
qro .... Mbi .n}'MaeM o TOM, qro .... Jleua .uyMaeT o ... , a Au.n;pe:H o ....
11. Put the words in parentheses into the proper form.
,[(aBa:HTe no3HaKOMHMCH! MeHH 30BYT Callla. .5! (po.UHTbCH) (Becua,
MaPT) (ror PoccHH). Ho Moe ni06HMoe BpeMH ro.ua- nero. (Jiero) oqeub
Tenno, .UIDKe X<apKO. Bee nHCTbH (3eneHb1H), MHOrO (qBeTbi, «i>PYKThi, OBO-
IIlH). Mo)KHO eynaTbCH, nnaBaTb (Mope), noBHTh (pbi6a), 3aropaTb. MoX<HO
rynHTb (nee) HnH (napK), MOX<HO C06HpaTb (Hro.l(bl HrpH6bi). JleTOM HeT
(Mopo3 H CHer) . .5! nro6n10 (conuqe) H He nro6n10 (Mopo3 H cuer).
TeMneparypa neTOM (oT +20° .no +30°), H o6bJqHo HeT (.llOX<.Ub). JleTOM
(xopolllo), qeM 3HMOH. 3HMOH H Bcer.ua .n}'MaiO (nero, Mope, conuqe).
Jlero (caMbiH xopomH:H) BpeMH ro.ua .

.QHanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- llpa, KaKM cero.n;HH noro.n;a? - Ira, what is the weather today?
- Cero.UHH Tenno. - Today is warm.
- A KaKM TeMneparypa cero.n;HH? -What is the temperature?
- Cero.uHH +15°. -Today it is +15°.
2)
- Callla, Tbi He 3HaemL, KaKaH - Sasha, do you know what the
noro.n;a 6y.ueT 3aBTpa? weather will be tomorrow?
-ITo pa.n;Ho nepe.uaBanH, qro 6y- - It was said on the radio that it
.ueT xono.uHo. HoqbiO -12°, will be cold. -12° to -15° at
-15°,.l(HeM-8°,-10°. CHnbHbiH night, -8° to -10° during the
BeTep. day. And a strong wind.
- A cuer 6y.ueT H.n;TH? - Will it snow?
- HeT, cHera He 6y.ueT. -No, it will not snow.
3)
- Cepre:H HHKonaeBHq, CKaX<HTe, -Sergei Nikolaevich, tell me,
noX<any:HcTa, KaKaH noro.n;a please, what is the weather usu-
o6bJquo neToM B MocKBe? ally like in the summer in Mos-
cow?
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 145

- 06LitiHO Tenno, +20°, +22°. -Usually, it is warm, about +20°


CBeTHT coJIH:Qe. B HIOJie HHor- to +22°. The sun shines. In July
.n;a )KapKo, .n;o +30°. B aBrycre it sometimes gets hot, about 30° .
npoxna.n;Hee. In August it is cooler.
-AoceHLIO? - And in the fall?
- OceHLIO Bcer.n;a npoxna.n;Ho. - The fall is always cool. It often
qacro H.n;er .n;oQL. TeMnepa'I)'- rains. The temperature in Sep-
pa B ceHu6pe +10°, +12°, B tember is 10° to 12° degrees, in
OKTg6pe }')Ke XOJIO.D;HO, OT 0° .D;O October it is already cold, 0° to
-2°. MHor.n;a H.D;fh cHer. -2° degrees. Sometimes it snows.
- A 3HMOH B MocKBe Bcer.n;a xo- - Is winter in Moscow always
JIO.n;Ho? cold?
- 06LiqHo 3HMOH xono.n;Ho. TeM- -Winter is usually cold. The tem-
nepa'I)'Pa OT -10° .n;o -20°. qa- perature ranges from -10° to
CTO H.D;eT CHer, JzyeT CHJILHLIH -20°. Snow falls often, strong
BeTep. Mop03 HHOr.n;a .D;O -30°. winds blow. Freezing weather
sometimes down to -30°.
4)
- Po6epT, KaKM noro.n;a BJloH.n;o- - Robert, what is the weather in
He BeCHOH? London in the spring?
- B MaPTe npoxna.n;Ho, B anpene - In March it is cool, in April
Tenno, BMae )KapKo. warm, and in May hot.
- foBopgT, qro BJloH.n;oHe Bcer.n;a - They say that it always rains in
H.D;er .D;O)K.D;L. London.
- He Bcer.n;a, HO qacro. Ho MHe B -Not always, but often. But Lon-
JloH.D;oHe Bcer.n;a xopowo. 3ro don is always pleasant for me.
MOM po.n;Hoii ropo.n;. TaM g mo6- It is my native city. I love even
JIIO .IJ;a)Ke nnOXYJO noro.n;y. the bad weather there.
5)
- JIJOq}fg, KaKM noro.n;a JieTOM B - Lucia, what is the weather in It-
MTaJIHH? aly in the summer?
- JleToM BMTaJIHH oqeHL )KapKo. - Summer in Italy is very hot. The
CBeTHT conH:u;e. Ha 10re TeMne- sun shines. In the south the tem-
pa'I)'Pa .n;o -35°, Ha ceBepe npo- perature reaches 35°, in the
xna.n;Hee. north it is cooler.
-A3HMOH? - And in the winter?
- 3HMOH xopowM noro.n;a. He- - There is nice weather in the win-
MHoro npoxna.n;Ho. TeMnepa- ter. It is a little cool. The tem-
Typa 0°,+2°. YIHor.n;a H,D;eT perature is 0° to +2°. It some-
.D;O)K,D;L. times rains .
- A BMTaJIHH ecTL cHer? - Is there snow in Italy?
- OtieHL pe.n;Ko. - Very rarely.
10-629
146 YpoK 10. norQAA. BPEMEHA rDAA. nto&MMOE BPEMR rOAA

- Bam KJIHMaT TeiiJiee, 11eM Moc- -Your climate is warmer than


KOBCKHii. Moscow's.
- ,[{a, KOHe'IHO, Tennee. - Yes, it is warmer of course.
6)
- IOpa, TI>I He 3Haemi>, KaKWI no- - Yura, do you know what the
ro.n;a 6y.n;eT B6JIH>KaHmHe ,ll;HH? weather will be in the next few
days?
- 5.1 KYITHJI ra3eTY. CeJiqac no- - I bought a newspaper. We'll take
CMOTpHM. TaK ... 3aBTPa 6y.n;eT a look. Let's see ... Tomorrow
TeiiJio,.n;HeM+15°, +18°,.n;o>K- will be warm,+ 15° to+ 18° dur-
.lVI He 6y.n;eT. IIocne3aBTpa 6y- ing the day, no rain. The day af-
.n;eT e~e Tennee. Ho Mo>KeT ter tomorrow will be even
6I>ITh 6y.n;eT ,ll;O>K,ll;b. warmer, but it may rain.
- A TI>I He 3Haemi>, KaKWI TeMne- - Do you know what the temper-
parypa cero.n;HH? ature is today?
-5.1 .n:YMaro, rpa.n;ycoB 10. A Thl - I think about 1oo. What do you
KaK ,ll;YMaemi>? think?
- 5.1 .n:YMaro, MeHI>me, rpa.n;ycoB - I think less, about 7° to go.
7-8.

7) Coo6UJe1lue no paouo . A radio report


- 3aBTpa B MocKBe 6y.n;eT npo- - Tomorrow in Moscow will be
xna.n;Ho. Ho'll>ro 0°, -2°. ,[{HeM cool. 0° to -2° at night, +2° to
+2°, +4°. B 6JIH>KalimHe .n;HH +4o during the day. The next few
6y.n;eT Tennee, .n;o +5°, +7°, Be- days will be warmer, up to +5°,
Tep cna6DIH, .n;o>K,lVI He 6y.n;eT. +7°, mild winds, no rain.
8)
- IlpHBeT, ,[{>KOHl -Hi,Johnl
- IlpHBeT, Carnal -Hi, Sasha!
- KRK.n;ena? - How are you?
- He o'leHI> xopomo. -Not very well.
-IIo11eMy? -Why?
- CeJiqac B MocKBe O'leHI> xo- - It is so cold in Moscow now, and
no.n;Ho, a y MeHH HeT TeiTJIOH I do not have a warm short coat,
KYPTKH, manKH, nep11aTOK. hat, or gloves.
- TDI He 3Han, 'ITO B MocKBe 3H- -Didn't you know that winter in
MOH XOJIO,ll;HO? Moscow is cold?
- KoHe'IHO, 3HaJI. MHe roBopHJIH. -Of course I knew. I was told.
Ho ceJiqac TOJII>KO HOH6pi>, a But, it's only November, and it's
y>Ke XOJIO,ll;HO. qTO >Ke 6y.n;eT already cold. What will the win-
3HMOH? ter be like?
- 3HMOH 6y.n;eT e~e XOJIO,ll;Heel - Winter will be even colder! You
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 147

Te6e o6.~3aTem>Ho H)')KHO Ky- definitely need to buy warm


mn& Temi&Ie Bem;w: xopoume clothes: good warm boots, a
Tenn&Ie 6oTHHKH, rnepcnmoii wool sweater of course, a hat, a
CBHTep, KOHe'IHO, lllanKY, rnap<f>, scarf, and a short or long coat.
KypTKy HHH llMbTO.
- 3HMOH H 6y.lly e3,llHTb TOHbKO B - During the winter I am only go-
MeTpo, TaM Tenno. A nernKOM ing to ride the metro, it is warm
XO,llHTb He 6y,lly. there. I am not going to walk.
- TI>I ceiiqac TaK .llyMaern&! Ky- -You think that now! Buy your-
nwrn& Tenn&Ie Bem;w, 11 Bee 6y- self some warm clothes and
,lleT HOpManbHO. 3HMOH TO)I(e you'll be fine. Winter is also
npHHTHaH noro,lla. B03.llyx cBe- pleasant. Fresh air, white, pret-
)I(HH, 6en&IH KpaCHBbiH CHer... ty snow... You will like winter!
Te6e noHpaBHTCH 3HMa!
9)
- 3.llpaBcTByii, OnH! - Hello, Olya!
- 3.llpaBcTByii, KpHCTHHa! - Hello, Kristina!
-KaK,llena? - How are you?
- 0TnH'IHO. A TBOH? - Excellent. And you?
- To)l(e. -Me too.
- Te6e He xono,llHO B MocKBe? - I t isn't too cold for you in Mos-
cow?
- HeT, MHe HHTepecHo . .5I po- -No, it is interesting for me. I was
.llHnac& 11 )I(Hna Ha rore <l>paH- born and lived in the south of
uHH, TaM HeT cHera. A BMocK- France, there's no snow. And in
Be MHoro cHera. OtieHI> Kpacw- Moscow there is lots of snow. It
BO, KOr,lla 3HMOH CBeTHT COHH- is very pretty when the sun
ue. PaH&rne H He 3Hana, 'ITO Ta- shines in winter. I did not know
Koe pyccKaH 3HMa, a ceiiqac what Russian winter was like
3Haro. before, and now I know.
- A Thl Kynwna Tenn&Ie Bem;w? - Did you buy warm clothes?
- KoHetiHo, H KYnHna rny6y, Ten- - Of course. I bought a fur coat, a
nyro rnanKy, Tenn&Ie canorw. H warm hat, warm boots. Now I
ceJiqac H Mory MHoro rynHTb. can walk around a lot.
10)
- HpwHa MwxaiinoBHa, CKa)I(HTe, - Irina Mikhailovna, tell me what
KaKoii KnHMaT B Poccww? the Russian climate is like?
- PoccHH otieHI> 6on&rnaH CTPaHa, - Russia is a very big country, and
11 KnHMaT pa3HhlH. Ha ceBepe the climate varies. In the north,
06hl'IHO XOHO,llHO, ,lla)l(e neTOM it is usually cold, even the sum-
npoxna,llHo, TaM qacTo H,lleT mers are cool. It often snows. In
cHer. Ha rore, KOHetiHO, Tenno the south of course, it is warm,
148 YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. ntO&HMOE BPEMR rOAA

H,[(aJKe JKapKO. 3HMa He XOJIO,[(- even hot. The winters are not
Ha5l. Ha )J;anbHeM BocTOKe Mop- cold. In the Far East, there is a
CKOM KJIHMaT. sea climate.
- A KaKoif KJIHMaT B CH6HpH? -What is the climate in Siberia?
- B CH6HpH KOHTHHeHTaJibHbiM - In Siberia there is a continental
KJIHMaT: oqeHb XOJIO,[(Ha5l 3HMa climate: very cold in the winter
H JKapKoe neTo. and hot in the summer.
11)
- AH,n:peti, Kor.n:a Tbi po,n:HJIC5l? - Andrei, when were you born?
- 5I po,n:HJIC5l BeCHOM, B anpeJie. - I was born in the spring, in April.
- Tbi po,n:HJIC5l B MocKae? - Were you born in Moscow?
- HeT, 5I po,n:HJIC5l B ToMcKe. - No, I was born in Tomsk.
- A r,n:e Haxo,n:HTC5l 3TOT ropo.n:? - Where is that city located?
-B CH6HpH. - In Siberia.
- fOBOp5IT, TaM oqeHb XOJIO,[(HO? -They say it's very cold there.
- 3HMOM XOJIO,[(HO, a JieTOM JKap- -The winter is cold and the sum-
KO. HopMaJibHa5l noro,n:a. A r.n:e mer is hot. Normal weather.
Tbl pO,[(HJiaCb, )l(aHHa? Where were you born, Janna?
- 5I po,n:HJiaCb BMaJieHbKOM ropo- - I was born in a small city in the
,n:e Ha wre <l>paHI.\HH. OH Ha3bi- south of France. It is called Nice.
aaeTc5l HHI.\1.\a. Tbi 3Haeiiib 3TOT Do you know this city?
ropo,n:?
- KoHeqHo, 3HaiO. TaM, HaBepHo, - Of course. The weather is prob-
acer,n:a xopoiiiM noro,n:a? ably always good there?
- HHI.\1.\a Haxo,n:HTC5l Ha Mope, Hy - Nice is located on the sea and we
HaC MOpCKOM KJIHMaT. llHor,n:a have a sea climate. Sometimes
TeiiJIO, HHOr,n:a JKapKO, BeCHOM H warm, sometimes hot, it rains fre-
OCeHblO qacTO H.[(YT ,[(O)K,[(H. quently in the spring and fall.
- HoB HHI.\1.\e, KOHeqHo, HeT cHe- -There is probably no snow in
ra? Nice?
- KoHeqHo, HeT. A BCH6HpH MHO- - Of course not. And in Siberia is
ro cHera? there lots of snow?
- 0qeHb MHOfO! -Lots!
12)
- CKaJKHTe, noJKanyifcTa, Kor.n:a H - Tell me, please, where and when
r,n:e Bbl pO,[(HJIHCb? were you born?
- 5I po,n:HJIC5l JieTOM, B HIOJie. - I was born in the summer, in
July.
-Ar.n:e? -Where?
- B lllBel.\HH, Bropo,n:e CTOKrOJib- - In Sweden, in Stokholm.
Me.
- f,n:e Bbi ceifqac JKHBeTe? -Where do you live now?
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 149

- Ceifqac .si )J(HBY B PoccHH, B -Now I live in Russia, in Mos-


MocKBe. cow.
- BI:.I pa6oTaeTe HJIH yqHTeci:.? - Do you work or study?
- 5.£ yqyc~:. B MrY. - I study at MGU.
- BaM HpaBHTC.si MocKBa? - Do you like Moscow?
- ,[(a, oqeHI:. KpaCHBI:.IH H HHTe- -Yes, it is a pretty and interest-
peCHI:.IH ropo.z:l. ing city.
-A BaM HpaBHTC.si MOCKOBCKa.si - Do you like Moscow weather?
rroro.[la?
- BecHoH H oceHLIO MHe oqeHL - Spring and fall I like very much
HpaBHTC.si BMocKBe. JleToM He- in Moscow. Summer is a little
MHoro )J(apKo, Mana cBe)J(ero hot, and there's little fresh air.
B03.[lyxa. A 3HMOH HeMHOro xo- And winter is a little cold. In
JIO.[{HO. B CTOKroJII:.Me o6J:.IqHo Stokholm, winter is usually
Terrna.si 3HMa H rrpoxna,[{Hoe warm, and summer is cool.
JieTO.
13)
- MapHHa, KaKoe TBoe nro6HMoe -Marina, what is your favorite
BpeM.si ro.[la? season of the year?
- Moe nro6HMoe BpeM.si ro.[la, Ko- - My favorite season of the year
HeqHo, BeCHa. of course is spring.
- lloqeMy? -Why?
- BecHa - rrpeKpacHoe, Y.LlHBH- - Spring is a beautiful, surprising
TeJII:.Hoe BpeM.si ro.[la. He6o CH- season of the year. The sky is
Hee, CBeTHT conHQe. B Mae ~e blue, the sun is shining. In May,
Bee .[lepeBI:..si JeneHI:.Ie, MHoro the trees are already green, there
IITHQ, QBeToB. EIQe He )J(apKo, are many birds, flowers. It's not
rroro.[la oqeHI:. rrpH.siTHa.si. Bee- hot yet, the weather is very
HOM Bcer.[la HaqHHaeTc.si HOBa.si pleasant. Spring is always the
)J(H3HI:.! beginning of new life!
14)
- 0JI.si, KaKOe TBOe JII06HMOe Bpe- - Olya, what is your favorite sea-
M.si ro.[la? son of the year?
- Moe nro6HMoe BpeM.si ro.[la - - My favorite season of the year
3HMa. is winter.
- Ho 3HMOH xono.[{HO. - But winter is cold.
- 3HMOH B03.Llyx XOJIO,[{HI:.IH, HO - In winter the air is cold, but
CBe)J(HH. 3HMOH oqeHI:. KpaCHBO, fresh. Winter is very pretty, ev-
Bee 6enoe, H.Ll€ST cHer. Mo)J(HO erything is white, snow is fall-
KaTaTI:.C.si Ha JIJ:.I)J(aX, Ha KOHI:.- ing. You can snow-ski, ice-skate,
KaX, Ha caHKax. or go sledding.
150 YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. nt0611MDE BPEMSI rDAA

- A TI:.I MO)I(ellii:. KaTaTI:.CH Ha JII:.I- - Do you know how to snow-ski?


)I(ax?
- ,L(a, H xoporno KaTarocL Ha JII:.I- -Yes, I can snow-ski well, ice-
)I(ax, HeMHOro Ha KOHI:.KaX, H, skate fairly well, and of course
KOHeqHO, JII06JIIO KaTaTI:.CH Ha I love to go sledding.
caHKax.
- A r.D:e TI:.I KaTaerni:.cH? -Where do you go?
- 06I:.JqHo B rrapKe HJIH B Jiecy. -Usually to the park or the for-
PyccKaH 3HMa - 3TO rrpeK- est. Russian winter is beautiful!
pacHo!
15)
- BHKTop I1BaHoBHq, KaKoe Barne - Victor Ivanovich, what is your
JII06HMOe BpeMH ro,ll;a? favorite season of the year?
- Moe mo6HMOe BpeMH ro.D:a - -My favorite season is fall. In the
oceHI:.. OceHI:.IO oqeHI:. KpacHBM fall the nature is very pretty, the
npHpO,ll;a, JIHCTbH KpaCHI:.Ie H leaves are red and gold, and
30JIOThie, MHOrO HrO,ll;, rpH60B, there are many berries, mush-
cppyKTOB, oBom;eH: . .5I mo6mo rooms, vegetables and much
ryAATb B Jiecy H C06HpaTI:. rpM- fruit. I love to walk in the forest
6I:.I. and gather mushrooms.
- Ho oceHI:.IO qacTo H.D:eT ,ll;O)I()l;b. - But it frequently rains in the fall.
- A H JII06mo ,ll;O)I(,ll;b. «Y rrpH- - I love the rain. "Nature never has
po.D:I:.I HeT IIJIOXOH IIOrO,ll;bi». bad weather".
- A em;e roBopHT: «HeT rrJioxoH: - They also say: "There is no such
IIOrO,ll;bl, eCTb IIJIOXM O,ll;e)l(,ll;a». thing as bad weather, only bad
clothes".
16)
- Mropi:., KaKoe TBoe JII06HMoe -Igor, what is your favorite sea-
BpeMH ro.D:a? son of the year?
- Moe JII06HMoe BpeMH ro.D:a - -My favorite season is summer.
JieTO.
- lloqeMy Tbl JII06Hllib JieTO? - Why do you love summer?
- JleTOM oqeHI:. TenJio, ,ll;a)l(e )l(ap- -In the summer it is very warm,
Ko. Mo)I(HO KynaTI:.CH, 3aropaTI:., even hot. You can swim, sun-
IIJiaBaTI:., JIOBHTb pbi6y, ryJIHTb, bathe, go fishing, take walks,
co6HpaTI:. HrO)l;I:.I ... gather berries ...
- A r)l;e TI:.I o6I:.JqHo OT.D:I:.Ixaerni:. - And where do you usually va-
JieTOM? cation in the summer?
- 06I:.IqHo Ha Mope. Ho MO)KHO H -Usually by the sea. But you can
B MocKBe. 3.D:eci:. JieToM TO)I(e also vacation in Moscow. The
xoporno. summer is nice here too.
- A Tbl JII06HIIIb JIOBHTb pbi6y? -Do you like to fish?
Lesson 10. THE WEATHER. THE SEASONS. FAVORITE SEASONS OF THE YEAR 151

- He o'leHL . .5I mo6mo ryiDITL B -Not really. I like to walk in the


necy. B necy npoxna.n;Ho, 6e- forest. In the forest it is cool;
JILie, )l(eJITLie, CHHHe I.lBeTLI, white, yellow and blue flowers,
KpaCHLie jJTO,ll;LI, 3eJieHLie JIHC- red berries, green leaves. It is
TMI. 3TO O'leHL KpaCHBO. very pretty.
- A Te6e He )l(apKO neToM? - And you don't get hot in the
summer?
- HeT, MHe He )l(apKo . .5I po.n;HJICH -No, I don't get hot. I was born
B HIOJie H JII06JIIO JieTO. in July and I love the summer.
2. Explain what the weather is today, and what it will be in the next few days.

3. Ask when people in the group were horn.

4. Tell about the climate in your country. What is the weather like in spring,
summer, fall and winter?

5. Ask your friends what their favorite season of the year is and why.

6. Tell about your favorite season of the year.

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 6)
- CKOJILKO rpa.n;ycoB cero.n;HH? - KaKoti KJIHMaT B MocKBe?

2) 7)
- 3aBTpa 6y.n;eT .n;o)I{)];L? - BamH .n;py3LH JIOBHT pLI6y?

3) 8)
- BLI JII06HTe KaTarLcH Ha JILI)l(ax? - f.n;e BLI o6LI'IHO 3aropaeTe H
KYITaeTecL?

4) 9)
- Kor.n;a BLI po,n;HJIHCL? - KaKoe Bame mo6HMoe BpeMH
ro.n;a?
5)
- KaKrur noro.n;a 6y.n;eT B 6JIH)l(aH- 10)
IIIHe .n;HH? - KaKrur noro.n;a BaM HpaBHTcs?
152 YpoK 10. norOAA. BPEMEHA rOAA. niO&HMOE BPEMJI rDAA

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)

- OceH~>ro o6MqHo H.ZJ:er .ZJ:O)K)J;~>, - OH He MO)KeT KaTaTI>C$.1 Ha KOHh-


.ZJ:yeTBeTep. Kax.
2) 7)

- Ee mo6HMoe BpeMH ro,ZJ;a - - MoH MaMa po.ZJ:HJiaci> B Mae.


3HMa.
3) 8)

- ITo pa.n;Ho nepe,ZJ;aBanH, qTo 3aB- - ,ll;a, H nro6nro co6HpaTh HrO,ZJ;I>I


Tpa 6y.ZJ:eT Tennee. H rpH6bi.
4) 9)

- .5I .ZJ:YMaiO o po.ZJ:HOM ropo.ZJ:e.


10)

- Bqepa He 61>mo .ZJ:O)K)J;H. - Cero,ZJ;HH Tenno, CBeTHT coJIHQe,


+15°.
3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 10.
YpoH 11 • Lesson 11

3aopoabe. CaMo~o~yacraMe •
• Health. How You Feel

neKCHKa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat and memorize.

KaK Barne 3.n;op6Boe? How's your health?


KaK TBoe 3.n;op6Boe? How's your health?
KaK Bbi ce6H qyBCTByeTe? How do you feel?
KaK Tbi ce6& qyBcTByerni>? How do you feel?
5I qY"BcTBYJO ce6& xoporn6. I feel fine.
qTO CJiyqHJIOCb? What happened? What is wrong?
6oneToha6om~Th 1) to ache, hurt/to begin to ache,
hurt
2) to be ill
5I 6onero. I am ill.
qTO y BaC (y Te6&) 60JIUT? What hurts?
HHqer6. Nothing.
Y MeJci 60JIUT roJIOBa. My head hurts.
Y MeiDi 6onnT r6pno. My throat hurts.
Y MeJci 60JIUT )I(HBOT. My stomach hurts.
Y MeJci 6oJIUT 3y6. My tooth hurts.
Y MeJci rpHITIT. I have the flu.
Y Melci aHrnHa. I have tonsillitis.
Y MeJci HaCMOpK. I have a cold.
Y MeHH KallieJib. I have a cough.
MHe 66JII>HO. It is painful; it hurts.
MHe rrn6xo. I am not well.
MHe eyqrne. I am better.
MHe xy)l(e. I am worse.
5I 3.n;op6B. I am healthy.
154 YpoK11.3AOPOBbE. CAMO~YBCTBHE

npOCTy,[{HT.bCH to catch a cold


5I npocry.[{:HncH. I caught a cold.
HaBepHO probably
MO)KeT 6.biT.b maybe
K CO)KaJieHHIO unfortunately

KaKful y sac (y Te6.si:) TeMneparypa? What is your temperature?


Y MeHH B.biCOKaH I have a high
(HOpMM.bHaH) TeMnepa'rYpa. (normal) temperature.

JieKllpCTBO medicine
Ta6neTKa tablet; pill
BHTaMHH.bl vitamins
npHHHMaT.b/IIpHHHT.b to take medicine,
JieKapCTBa,Ta6JieTKH tablets, pills
IIHT.b/BbiiiHT.b to drink
eCT.b/C'.beCT.b to eat
cnaT.b to sleep
anTeKa drug store
IIOJIHKJIHHHKa medical clinic
6on.bH:Hu;a hospital
H.[{rn/noih:H Kspaqy to go to the doctor
CKOpee sooner
6.blcrpee faster; quicker

CKopee B.bi3.[{opasnHsaihe! Get well soon!


IIonpasn.si:H:TeC.b 6.blcrpee! Get better soon!
Ey.[{.bTe 3.[{op6B.bi! Stay well!

noqrn almost
COBCeM quite; completely, entirely
IIOJTOMY therefore
K;:i)K,[{.biH ,[{eH.b everyday
2 pa3a s .[{eH.b 2 times a day
before eating
n6cne e.[{LI after eating
eCJIH if
qTO-TO something
Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL 155

rpaMMaTMHa • Grammar
Table 47
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS EOJIETb/3AEOJIETb
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
6oJieTb (HCB) I Ja6oJien (CB)
Present tense
H 6one10 Mbi 6oneeM Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbi 6oneeiiib Bbi 6oneeTe have no present tense.
OH, oHa 6oneeT OHH 6oJieiOT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH 6onen H, Tbl, OH 3a6onen
H, Tbl, OHa 6onena H, Tbl, OHa 3a6onena
Mbi, Bhl, OHH 6onenu Mbl, Bbl, OHH 3a6onenu
Future tense
j{ 6y,D;y 60JieTb j{ 3a6onero
Tbl 6y,D;eiiib 6oneTb Thl 3a6oneeiiib
OH,OHa 6y,D;eT 6oneTb OH,OHa 3a6oneeT
Mhl 6y,D;eM 6oneTh Mhl 3a6oneeM
Bbl 6y,D;eTe 6oneTb Bbl 3a6oneeTe
OHH 6y,D;yT 6oneTb OHH 3a6oneiOT
Imperative
He 6onei1:! He 6onei1:Te! He 3a6onei1:! He 3a6onei1:Te!

Table 48
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS IIHTb/BbliiHTb (qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

nnn (HCB) I BbiHIITh (CB)


Present tense
j{ JlbiO Mbl Jib eM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl rrbelllb Bbl rrheTe
have no present tense.
OH,OHa Jlbfu OHH Jib lOT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH ITHJI H, Tbl, OH BbiiTHJI
B, Tbl, OHa nuna H, Tbl, OHa BbiiTHJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHH ITHJIH Mbl, Bbl, OHH BbiiTHJIH
156 YpoK11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO~YBCTBME

Continued
IIIlTh (HCB) I BhiniiTh (CB)
Future tense
H 6y11,y ITHTb H BbiiTbiO
Thl 6y11,elllb ITHTb Thl Bhm&elllh
OH,OHa 6y11,eT ITHTb OH,OHa BbiiTbeT
Mhl 6y11,eM ITHTb Mbl BbiiTbeM
Bhl 6y11,eTe ITHTb Bbl BhiiTheTe
OHH 6y11,yT ITHTb OHH BbiiTbiOT
Imperative
ne.H! ne.HTe! B&meii! B&meiiTe!

Table 49
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBSECTh/C'bECTh (qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

CCih (HCB) ChCcrh (CB)


Present tense
H eM Mbl el1,MM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Thl elllb Bbl el1,MTe have no present tense.
OH, OHa eCT OHHel1,HT

Past tense
H, Tbl, OH en H, Tbl, OH c'heJI

H, Thl, OHa en a H, Thl, OHa c'hena


Mbl, Bhl, OHM enM Mhl, Bhl, OHM C'beJIH
Future tense
H 6y11,y eCTb H C'beM
Thl 6y11,elllb ecTb Tbl C'belllb

OH,OHa 6y11,eTeCTb OH,OHa C'beCT

Mbl 6y11,eM eCTb Mbl C'bel1,HM

Bhl 6y11,eTe eCTb Bbl C'bel1,HTe

OHH 6Yl1.YT eCTb OHH C'hel1,HT

Imperative
elllb! elllLTe! c'belllb! c'helllLTe!
Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL 157

Table 50
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB CHATb
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

cnaTb (HCB)
Present tense
}I CIIJIIO Mbl CIIHM
Tbl CIIHlllb Bbl CIIHTe
OH,OHa CIIHT OHH CIIHT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH CIIaJI
H, Tbl, OHa en ana
Mbl, Bbl, OHH CIIaJIH
Future tense
}I 6y.ny crraTb
Tbl 6y,nelllb crraTb
OH,OHa 6y,neT crraTb
Mbl 6y,neM crraTb
Bbl 6y.n;eTe crraTb
OHH 6y.n;yT crraTb
Imperative
CIIH! CIIHTe!

Table 51
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB HPOCTY,l(HTbCR
IN THE PAST TENSE

upoctyJUIIJ.CU (CB)
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH rrpOCTy,D;HJICH
H, Tbl, OHa rrpOCTY,D;HJiaCb
Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrpOCTY,D;HJIHCb
158 YpoH11.3AOPOBbE. CAMOqYBCTBME

Table 52
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB lfYBCTBOBATh (CEEJI) (KAK?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
<tyBCTBOBaTb (cefiH) (HCB)
Present tense
Jl qyBCTBYIO ce6J~ Mhi qyBcTByeM ce6J~
Thi qyBcTByeiiih ce6J~ Bhi qyBCTByeTe ce6J~
OH, OHa qyBCTByeT ce6g OHM qyBCTBYIOT ce6J~
Past tense
Jl, Thi, OH qyBCTBOBaJI ce6g
Jl, Thi, OHa qyBCTBOBaJia ce6J~
Mhi, Bhi, OHM qyBCTBOBaJIM ce6J~
Future tense
J1 6y,n;y qyBCTBOBaTb ce6J~ Mbi 6y,n;eM qyBCTBOBaTb ce6J~
Thi 6y,n;eiiih qyBCTBOBaTh ce6J~ Bhi 6y,n;eTe qyBCTBOBaTh ce6g
OH,OHa 6y,n;eT qVBCTBOBaTb ce6J~ OHM 6y,n;yT qyBCTBOBaTb ce6J~

Table 53
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS IIPHHHMATh/IIPHHJITh (KOFO?
lfTO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
HplllntMarb (IICB) I IIJliiiiSil b (CB)
Present tense
g IIpMHMMaiO Mbi npMHMMaeM Verbs in the perfective
Tbl npMHMMaeiiib Bhi npMHMMaeTe aspect have no present
OH, OHa npMHMMaeT OHM npMHMMaiOT tense.
Past tense
Jl, Thi, OH npMHMMaJI Jl, Thi, OH npMHJIJI
Jl, Thl, OHa npMHMMaJia Jl, Thl, OHa npMHJ~Jia

Mhl, Bhi, OHM npMHMMaJIM Mhi, Bhi, OHM npMHRJIM


Future tense
R 6y,n;y npMHMMaTb R npMMY
Tbi 6y,n;eiiib npMHMMaTb Tbi npMMeiiih
OH,OHa 6y,n;eT npMHMMaTb OH,OHa npMMeT
Mhi 6y,n;eM npMHMMaTh Mbi npMMeM
Bhl 6y,n;eTe npMHMMaTh Bhi npMMeTe
OHM 6y,n;yT npMHMMaTb OHM npMMYT
Imperative
npMHMMaH! npMHMMaHTe! npMMM! npMMMTe!
Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL 159

Remember:
(o,n;HH) pa3
2 (.n;sa), 3, 4 pa3a
5, 6 ... pa3
CKOJibKO pa3?
Remember:
36,6- TpH,n;[(aTb rneCTb H IlleCTb
37, 1 - TpH,n;n:aTD ceMb H o,n;Ha
37,2 - TpH,n;[(aTb CeMb H ,ll;Be
37,3- TpH,n;n:aTD ceMb H TPH
etc.
Remember:
The dative case in Russian is used not only after verbs of the type
JBOHUmblnoJeoHumb KoMy?, noKynambiKynumb KoMy?, etc., but also af-
ter verbs of motion. In this case, the noun in the dative case is used with
the preposition K.
For example: uomu K epa'-ly
examb K noopyze
These phrases answer the question Kyo a? or K KOAty?
For example: - Kyoa (K KOMY) 8bl uoeme?
- Jl uoy K epa'-ly.
Review dative case noun endings in Lesson 6, Table 18.

Impersonal Construction (See Lesson 10 for an explanation)


The condition of the speaker may be expressed using the reflexive
verbs xo'-lemcR, Ka:JICemcR, and others, plus the main verb in the infinitive.
This construction expresses a condition that is independent of will i.e.
'I am sleepy'. Nouns or pronouns are used in the dative case.

Personal Construction
Jl xo'-ly cnamb. I want to sleep.
Jl xo'-ly ecmb. I want to eat.
Jl He xo'-ly numb. I don't want to drink.
Impersonal Construction
MHe xo'-lemcR cnamb. I am sleepy.
MHe xo'-lemcR ecmb. I am hungry.
MHe He xo'-lemcR numb. I am not thirsty.
160 YpoK 11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO'IYBCTBME

YnpaJHHeHHH • Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs 6oJJembl3a6oJJemb.
- Bbi qac.To ... ? - HeT, H ... pe,n:Ko.- liTO cJiyqHJIOCb?- OH ....
3HMOH JleHa Bcer,n:a .... Mbi HHor.n:a ... JieTOM. Kor.n:a H ... , H MHoro crraJI.
Kor.n:a oHa ... , oHa II03BOHHJia Ha pa6ozy. 0HH ... )')ICe MeCHU. Ilo:>KaJiyH:-
CTa, ... ! PaH~oiiie Mbi ... qacTo, a ceH:qac ... pe,n:Ko.
2. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs numbleblnumb.
-liTO Bbi o6~oJqHo ... yrpoM?- 06~oJqHo H ... qaH:.- A qTO Bbi ... ?
- Mbi ... Ko<lJe. - Tbi mo6HIIIb ... coK? MHe nyqiiie, rroToMy qTo H ...
2 Ta6JieTKH .... 60Jibiiie COKOB, OHH oqeHb IIOJie3Hbie! 0Ha ... MOJIOKO H
IIOIIIJia Ha pa60T)'. Jl IIOTOM ... 3TH Ta6JieTKH. - Bbi He 3HaeTe, r,n:e MO)I(-
HO ... Ko<}le? 0HH ... 3TH neKapcTBa 3aBTpa. OH c'beJI KoJI6acy, a rroTOM ...
qaH:.- Tbi ... Ko<Pe?
3. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verbs ecmb!c'becmb.
- liTO Bbi o6~oJqHo ... BeqepoM? - BeqepoM Mbi o6~oJqHo ... Cbip H
KOJI6acy. -A qTo Tbi ... ? - JI ... cppyKTbi. M1.1 ... p~o16y. 0Ha ... KapToiii-
Ky, IIOTOM BbiiiHJia qai1: .... 60Jibiiie <lJpyKTOB H OBOI.UeH! Cei1:qac H He xoqy
... , H IIOTOM BCe .... Kor,n:a Mbl ... , II03BOHHJIH ,n:py3bH. 0HH BCer,n:a ...
oqeHb 6blcTpo. OH ... 3TH OBOIUH 3aBTpa.- T~o1 ... MHco?
4. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb cnamb.
- Kor.n:a Bbi ... ? - KoHeqHo, Mbi ... Hoq~oJO. -A Kor.n:a Tbi ... ? - JI
... Ha ypoKe.- CKOJibKO qacoa oHa o6~oJqHo ... ? Kor.n:a OH ... , II03BOHHJIH
po,n:HTeJIH. BaM H)')KHO ... 8 qacoa. EcnH Bbi 6oneeTe, ... 60Jibiiie! 3aBTpa
Mbi ... YTPOM, ,n:HeM H BeqepoM, rroToMy qTO Mhl 6oneeM. - BM cero,n:HH
rrnoxo ... ? - HeT, H ... HOpMaJibHO. 0HH acer.n:a xopoiiio ....
5. Read the following aloud.
36,6 37,2 38 37,5 39,1 36,9 37,4 38,7 39,9
6. Put the word pa1 into the proper form.
JI 6~om B MocKBe 2 (pa3). CKOJibKO (pa3) Bbi 6biJIH B JloH):(OHe? OH
rrpHHHMaeT 3TH Ta6neTKH 3 (pa3) B ,n:eHb.- T1.1 rr~oeiiib Kocpe 5 (pa3) B
,n:eH~o?- ReT, 4 (pa3). 0Ha 6Mna B PoccHH 1 (pa3). CKOJibKO (pa3) B
,n:eHb H)')KHO IIpHHHMaTb 3TO JieKapCTBO? 0HH 6biJIH B fepMaHHH MHOrO
(pa3).
Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL 161

7. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb npocmyoumbCR in the
past tense•
.H ... , y MeH.s.r BLICOKrur TeMnepazypa. -
BLI ... ? - HeT, Bee Hop-
ManbHO. Omr MHoro KaTanacb Ha nLDKax H .... OH ... , noToMy 'ITO 3HMOH
B MocKBe O'IeHL xono,n;Ho. MLI He MO:>KeM npHiiTH Ha ypoK, noroMy 'ITO
MLI .... - ~OH, Tbl He 3Haemb, TIO'IeMY TLI ... ?
8. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs npunuMambl
npunRmb.

- BLI ... 3TH Ta6neTKH .n;o e,n;LI HnH nocne e,n;LI? - .H ... Ta6neTKH
nocne e,l{bi. OH ... neKapcTBO H 6y,n;eT cnaTb. 0Ha He mo6HT ... neKapcTBo.
BeCHOH MLI HHOr,n;a ... BHTaMHHLI. Kor,n;a OHH ... BHTaMHHbi, OHH 6I:.InH
3.n;opoBLI. EcnH BLI ... BHTaMHHbi, Bbi ro:>Ke 6y,n;eTe 3.n;opoBLI.... Ta6neTKH
3 pa3a B ,n;eHL! TLI ... neKapcTBo? OH ... neKapcTBo H nomen Ha pa6ooy.
9. Give positive and negative answers to the questions.
Example: - BaM xo'IeTCB eCTL?
- ,l(a, MHe XO'IeTCB eCTb.
- HeT, MHe He XO'IeTCB ecTh.
EMy xo'IeTcs ecTb? HaTame xo'IeTcB cnaTb? AHTOHY xo'IeTCB ry-
nBTh? Te6e XO'IeTCB pa6oTaTb? HM XO'IeTCB TIHTb?
lO.Put the words in parentheses into the dative case with the preposi-
tion 1<.
- Ky.n;a Tbi H,n;emb?- .H HAY (.n;pyr). - BLI e,n;eTe (.n;py3LB)?- HeT,
MLI e,n;eM (po,n;HTenH). BLI npoCTy.n;HnHCb, H,l{HTe (Bpa'I). HaM HY:>KHO exaTh
(HaTama H Mropb).- K KOMY OHH npHeXanH?- 0HH npHeXanH (6paT H
cecTPa). MapTa npHexana B MocKBY (no.n;pyra).
11. Complete the sentences using the vocabulary in Lesson 11.
HaBepHo, .... Mo:>KeT 6biTh, .... .H AYMaK>, 'ITO .... K co:>KaneHHID, ....
j! C'ben MOpO:>KeHoe, TI03TOMY .... 0HH TIO'ITH .... 0H COBCeM ....

12. Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb ~tytJcmtJotJamb.
PaHLme OH ... ce6B nnoxo, HO ce:Hqac eMy nyqme. KaK TLI ce6B ... ? .H
AYMaK>, 'ITO 3aBTPa ... ce6B nyqme. MLI ... ce6B OTHH'IHO. KaK BLI ce-
6B ... ? EcnH BLITibeillb 3TO neKapCTBO, ... ce6B nyqme. JleTOM OHH ... ce6B
xy:>Ke, 'IeM oceHLIO. KaK oHa ... ce6B B'Iepa?
11-629
162 YpoK 11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO'IYBCTBME

llHanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- 3.ll:paBCTByif, BHKTOp! - Hello, Victor!
- 3,ll;paBcTByif, Carnal - Hello, Sasha!
- KaK TBOH ,ll;ena? - How are you?
- CnacH6o, xoporno. A TBOH? -Good, thanks. And you?
- To)Ke xoporno. -Also good.
- KaK TBoe 3.li:OpoBhe? -And how's your health?
- Bee B nop5I.li:Ke. A TBoe? - Well, thanks. And yours?
- To)Ke Bee B nop5I,li;Ke. -Also well.
2)
- ,IJ;o6phiH ,ll;eHh, JlroqH5J! - Good afternoon, Lucia!
- ,IJ;o6pMH: ,ll;eHh, On5I! -Good afternoon, Olya!
- JlroqH5J, KaK BamH ,ll;ena? - Lucia, how are you doing?
- He oqeHb xopomo. - Not too well.
- A qTO CJiyqHJIOCb? - What happened?
- 5I 6one10. - I am ill.
- A qm y Bac 6oJIHT? - What hurts?
- Y MeH5I 6on5IT ronoBa H ropno. - My throat and head hurt. May-
Mo)KeT 6biTh, y MeH5I rpHnn. be I have the flu.
- IIonpaBJI5IHTech 6hiCTpee! - Get well soon!
-CnacH6o. -Thanks.
3)
- ~oH, KaK ™ ce65I qyBCTByellib? -John, how do you feel?
- CnacH6o, MHe ~e nyqme. 5I - Thanks, better. I am almost well.
noqTH 3,li;OpOB.
- KaKM y Te6.g TeMneparypa? - What is your temperature?
- HopMaJibHM, TOJihKO em;e He- -Normal, but I have a slight
MHoro 6oJIHT ronoBa. headache.
- A Te6e MO)KHO rymiTh? - And can you get out?
- ,IJ;a, ~e MO)KHO. CeH:qac oqeHh -Yes, I can. Now the weather is
Tenna5I noro,ll;a, H 5I rym110 Ka)K- warm, and I take a walk every
.ll:hiH ,ll;eHh. day.
4)
- 3,ll;paBcTByH:Te, HBaH IleTpOBHq! -Hello, Ivan Petrovich!
- 3.ll:paBCTByliTe, Po6epT! KaK Bbl -Hello, Robert! How are you
ce65I qyBCTByeTe? feeling?
- 5I qyBCTBYIO ce65I He oqeHh xo- - Not very well. I have a cold and
porno. Y Memi HaCMOpK H Ka- a cough, and my throat hurts. I
Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL 163

menb, 6onHT ropno. JI ,ll)'MaiO, think that I caught a cold.


'ITO .H npOC'fY,llHJIC.H.
- A TeMnepa-rypa BbiCOKaa? - And do you have a high tem-
perature?
-38,2. -38,2.
- A KaK Bhl ,ll)'MaeTe, r,lle Bbi npo- - Where do you think you caught
C'fY.llHJIHCb? a cold?
- Bqepa a KaTanca Ha Jibi:>Kax, H -Yesterday I went snow-skiing
MHe 6bill0 O'IeHb :>KapKO. Jl npH- and I was very hot. I came home
exan ,llOMOH HC'beJI MOpO:>KeHoe. and ate ice cream. That's prob-
HaBepHo, no3TOMY a 3a6onen. ably why I got sick.
- A 'ITO CKa3an Bpaq? - What did the doctor say?
- Bpaq CKa3aJI, 'ITO HYJKHO 3 pa3a - The doctor said that I need to
B ,lleHb npHHHMaTb Ta6JieTKH, take pills 3 times a day, get more
6oni>me cnaTI>, 6oni>me nHTb H sleep, drink more liquids, and
MeHI>me ecTI>. Ho ecTh MHe co- eat less. But I do not want to eat
BCeM He XO'IeTC.H. at all.
- A Bbl elllbTe OBOIUH H !l>pyKThl, - Eat vegetables and fruit, drink
neHTe COKH H rop.H'IHH 'IaH. If juice and hot tea. And get healthy
Bb13,llOpaBJIHBaHTe 6biCTpee! soon!
- CnacH6o, MBaH IIeTpOBH'I. -Thank you, Ivan Petrovich!
5)
- 3,llpaBCTBYHTe, ,llOKTop! - Hello, doctor!
- 3,llpaBCTByHTe! qTO CJiyqHJIOCb? - Hello! What's wrong?
- JI He 3HaiO, 'ITO CJIY'IHJIOCb. - I don't know. I probably ate
HaBepHo, a c'bena 'ITO-TO HeCBe- something that wasn't fresh. I
:>Kee. MHe nnoxo, o':leHb 6onHT feel bad and my stomach hurts.
iKHBOT.
- A 'ITO Bbl B':lepa enH? - What did you eat yesterday?
- JI ena cblp, KOJI6acy, M.Hco, pb16y, - I ate cheese, sausage, meat, fish,
illOKOJia,ll, KOH!l>eTbl. lbma MOJIO· chocolate, candy. I drank milk,
KO, Ko<t>e, 'IaH. coffee and tea.
- A me Bbi enH pb16y? - And where did you eat the fish?
- ,lJ;oMa. Jl KynHJia ee BMara3HHe - At home. I bought it at the store
«KynHHapH.H». "Culinaria".
- TaK ... ,[{aBaHTe Bac nocMoT- -Well, let's take a look ... You
pHM ... Ey.lleTe npHHHMaTb 3TH should take these pills. 3 times a
Ta6JieTKH 3 pa3a B,lleHb ,llO e,llbl. day before eating. For now, do
IIoKa He neiire MOJIOKO HKo<t>e, not drink milk or coffee. It's bet-
nyqme neiiTe rop.H'IHH ':laH. If, ter to drink hot tea. And of course
KOHe'IHO, noKa He emLTe pb16y, do not eat fish, sausage or meat.
KOJI6acy H M.HCO.
164 YpoK11.3AOPOBbE. CAMO~YBCTBME

6)
- 3,D;paBCTBYHTe, ,D;OKTOp! - Hello, doctor!
- 3,D;paBCTByHTe! liTO CJI)"'HJIOCL? - Hello. What's wrong?
- HasepHo, H rrpocTy,D;HJICH. Y - I probably caught a cold. I have
MeHH KailleJIL, HaCMOpK, oqeHL cough, a cold, and my throat
6onHT ropno. MHe 6oJILHO eCTL hurts. It hurts to eat and even to
H,D;IDKe IIHTL. MHe xoqeTcH TOJIL- drink. I only want to sleep.
KO crran.
- KaKax y sac TeMrrepazypa? - What is your temperature?
- 38,1. - 38,1.
- TaK ... ,lJ;aBaHTe sac IIOCMOT- -OK, let's take a look ... Your
pHM ... ropJIO oqeHL KpaCHOe. Y throat is very red. You have ton-
BaC aHrHHa. IlpHHHMaHTe 3TH silitis. Take these pills 3 times a
TaMeTKH 3 pa3a B,D;eHL ,D;O e,D;LI day before eating, and these pills
H 3TH Ta6JieTKH 2 pa3a B ,D;eHL 2 times a day after eating. You
rrocne e,D;LI. BaM HYiKHO 6onL- need to drink more, not hot li-
rne IIHTL, HO He ropxqHif, a Teii- quids, but warm tea or warm
JILIH qaif HJIH TeiiJIOe MOJIOKO. milk. Sleep all you want.
CrrHTe CKOJILKO XOTHTe!
- CrracH6o, ,D;OI<Top! - Thank you, doctor.
7)
- Apzyp, rroqeMy TLI He 6LIJI B - Arthur, why weren't you at the
YHHBepcHTeTe? university?
- 5I 6onen. - I was sick.
- A qTQ CJiyqHJIOCL? - What was wrong?
- Y MeHH 6LIJI rpHIIII. 5J: pO,D;HJICH - I had the flu. I was born and
H iKHJI Ha rore, y Hac ,D;aiKe 3H- lived in the south, and we don't
MOH He xono,D;Ho. A B MocKBe even have cold winters. In Mos-
XOJIO,D;HaH IIOro,D;a, y MeHH He cow the weather is cold, and I
6LIJio TeiiJILIX BeiUe:H. Ho ce:H- didn't have warm things. But
qac BCe HOpMaJILHO. 5I 3,D;OpOB. now everything is fine. I'm
healthy.
8)
- ,ll;o6pLiif ,D;eHL! MoiKHo Hpy? - Good afternoon! May I speak to
Ira?
- K COiKaJieHHIO, ee HeT Ha pa6o- - Unfortunately, she is not at work.
Te. 0Ha 6oneeT. She is sick.
- IIepe,D;aHTe, rroiKany:HcTa, qTo - Please tell her that Igor called. I
3BOHHJI Mropr,. 5I rro3BoHro eiUe will call back.
pa3!
Lesson 11. HEALTH. HOW YOU FEEL 165

9)
- )J;o6pbiH ~eHb! 3TO HHCTH'I)'T? - Good afternoon! Is this the in-
stitute?
- ,n;a. -Yes.
- Mo:>KHO AneKceH HHKonae- - May I speak to Aleksei Nikolae-
BH'Ia? vich?
- He is not here right now. He is
- Ero ce:Hqac HeT. OH Ha ypoKe. in class. May I take a message?
qTO rrepe~aTL?
- IIepe~a:HTe, rro:>Kany:HcTa, 'ITO - Please tell him that Eric Swen-
3BOHHJI 3pHK CBeHcoH . ..si 3a6o- son called. I am sick, I have the
nen. Y Mem rpHrrrr. H H He Mory flu. I won't be able to come to
rrpHHTH Ha ypoK. class today.
- Xoporno, H rrepe~aM. BLI3~o- -OK, I'll tell him. Get well soon.
paBJIHBa:HTe 6biCTPee.
-CrracH6o. -Thank you.
10)
- Tam,.KaK Thi ce6H qyBCTByernL? - Tanya, how do you feel?
- QqeHb IIJIOXO, H He MOry eCTb, - Very bad. I can't eat, drink, sleep.
IIHTL, crraTL. MHe He xoqeTcH I don't want to go out, read,
ryJIHTb, 'lHTaTb, pa6oTaTb ... work...
- Y Te6H 60JIHT 3y6? - Does your tooth ache?
- ,ll;a!!! -Yes!
- HY:>KHO HWH KBpaqy, - You need to go to a doctor.
- O:H! ..si He xoqy H~TH KBpaqy, ..si - Oh! I don't want to go to the
He MOry HWH KBpaqy, MHe He doctor! I can't go to the doctor.
HY:>KHO H~TH K Bpaqy, ..s! IIO'ITH I don't need to go to the doctor.
3~0pOBa. I'm practically healthy.

2. Ask each other about your health, how you feel.

3. Call a friend who is sick, ask what is wrong, and wish him good health.

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the correct answers.
2)
1) - KaK llYBCTBYIOT ce6H BaiiiH
- qTO y BaC 60JIHT? pO~HTeJIH?
166 YpoK 11. 3AOPOBbE. CAMO'IYBCTBHE

3) 7)
- KaKaH y Bac TeMnepaTYPa? - Mo)KeT 6I>ITb, Bbi npocTy,n;H-
nHcb?

4) 8)
- IJoqeMy oH 3a6onen? - Y BaC eCTb Karnenb H HaCMOpK?

5) 9)
- 0Ha 3,li;OpOBa? - 0Ha nHna :no neKapcTBo?

6) 10)
- Y HHX rpHnn? - qTo Bbi enH H nHnH YTPOM?

2. Fill in the correct questions.


1) 5)

- Y MeHH HOpManbHaH TeMnepa- - HaBepHo, H npocTY.n:Hnacb.


1J'Pa.
2) 6)

- }J;a, OHM 3,li;Op0Bbi. - Bee B nopH.n;Ke, cnacH6o.


3) 7)

- IIonpaBnHHTecb 6blcTPee! - OH qyBCTByeT ce6H oTnHqHo.


4) 8)

- Y Hero 6onHT )KHBOT. - Y Hero ecTb Karnenb H HeT


HaCMOpKa.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 11.


YpoK 12 • Lesson 12

MoM .QeHb • My Day

neKCMKa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.
BCTaSaTb/BCTaTb to get up, to stand up, to rise
Kor.LJ:a (so cK6JihKO) shi o6hJqHo What time do you usually get up?
SCTaeTe?
Kor.LJ:a (so cKOJibKO) shi scTanH What time did you get up today?
cer6.LJ:HH?
5I SCTaiO (SCTaJI) S 8 qac6s. I get up (got up) at 8 o'clock .
.LJ:enaTh/c.LJ:enaTh to do
qTO Sbl .LJ:eJiaJIH sqepa? What did you do yesterday?
qTo Shi .LJ:enaeTe cer6.LJ:HH? What are you doing today?
qTO Sbl 6y.LJ:eTe .LJ:eJiaTb 3aSTpa? What will you do tomorrow?
.LJ:enaTb/c.LJ:enaTb 3ap.H.LJ:KY to do exercises
(rMMHaCTHKY)
YMbiBaTbcHIYMhiTbCH to wash (one's hands and face)
qiJ.cTMTb/rroqiJ.CTMTb 3y6hi to brush one's teeth
6pHTbCH/rro6pHTbCH to shave
O.LJ:eBaTbCH/O.LJ:eTbCH to get dressed
rrpHHHMaTh/rrpHHHTb .LJ:yni to take a shower (bath)
(saHHy)
IIpHqeCbiSaTbCH/IIpHqecaTbCH to brush one's hair
3aBTpaKaTb/II03aBTpaKaTb to have breakfast
o6e.LJ:aThlrroo6e.LJ:aTh to have lunch
y)I(HHaTblrroy)I(HHaTh to have dinner
Ha 3asrpaK for breakfast
Ha o6e.LJ: for lunch
Ha y)I(HH for dinner
H.LJ:TWXO.LJ:HTb Ha pa66ry to go to work (on foot)
168 YpoK 12. MOl AEHb

H.zrn{/rrOHTH B YHHBepcHreT to go to the university


exan,/e3,Z:(HTb Ha pa66zy to go to work (by transport)
exaT&/rroexaTb BYHHBepCHT~ to go to the university
rrpHifni/rrpHexaT& Ha pa66zy to arrive at work
rrpHxo,Z:(Ifi&/rrpHe3:>KaT& B yHHBep- to arrive at the university
CHT~

IIOHe,Z:(enbHHK Monday
BTOpHHK Tuesday
cpe,Z:(a Wednesday
lJeTBepr Thursday
minmua Friday
cy666Ta Saturday
BOcKpeceH&e Sunday
BbiXO,Z:(Hhle ,Z:(HH weekend, days off

Kor,Z:(a? When?
B IIOHe,Z:(en&HHK on Monday
BO BTOpHHK on Tuesday
Bcpe,Z:(y on Wednesday
BqeTBepr on Thursday
BmiTHHUY on Friday
Bcy666zy on Saturday
BBOCKpeCeH&e on Sunday
B BbiXO,Z:(Hhle ,Z:(HH on the weekend

.KaKHe y Bac (y re6a) rrn~hl Ha 3~­ What are your plans for tomorrow
TPa (Ha cy666zy)? (for Saturday)?
qTO Bbi C06HpaeTeCb ,!(MaT& 3~T­ What are you planning to do tomor-
pa (B cy666zy)? row (on Saturday)?
Cer6,ZUUI .SI co6Hparoc& no limB Te- Today I plan to go to the theater.
aTP.
C KeM Thl co6Hpaem&c.SI rroifm B With whom are you planning to go
TeaTP? to the theater?

C,Z:(pY3baMH with friends


C,Z:(pyroM with a friend (m.)
c IIO,I(pYroH with a friend (f.)
Lesson 12. MY DAY 169

TaHQeBaT:E, to dance
ceywaT:E. Mj3LIK)' to listen to music
CMOTp6'fL <!>HJILM, cneKTaKJIL ... to see a film, show...
npHmawan,/npHmacHTL B r6cTH to invite someone to visit

.H npHmawaro Te6}f (Bac) B r6cTH. I invite you to visit.


CnacH:6o 3a npHmaweHHe! Thank you for the invitation!

rOT6BHTL/npHrOTOBHTL y:>KHH to fix dinner


CTHpaTL/noCTHpaTh to wash (clothes)
MLITL/DOMhlrL nocy~y to wash dishes
JIO:>KHThC.II/Jie% cnaTL to go to sleep, to go to bed

Kor~a (Bo cK6JILKo) BLI o6LPIHo What time do you usually go to


JIO:>KliTeCL cnaTL? sleep?
Kor~a (Bo cK6JILKo) BLI Btiepa ner- What time did you go to sleep yes-
JIH cnaTL? terday?
.H no:>K:YcL (ner) cnaTL B 11 qac6B. I go to (went to) sleep about 11
o'clock.

paHo early
D03~HO late
COBR lit. owl (someone who goes to bed
late and gets up late)
:>KaBOpOHOK lit. lark (someone who goes to bed
early and gets up early)

3HRlJHT so, then


BMeCTe together
nOMOfRTL/noMO% to help
MHe HeKor~a! I have no time!
3aHHTH.II (yp6KH) lessons
CT~HOH stadium
UHPK circus
KaK 06hltiHO as usual
170 YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 54
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS BCTABATb/BCTATb AND
JIO)J(HThCHIJIEqh CIIATh IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
BcraBan. (HCB) I BCTan. (CB)
Present tense
a BCTalO Mbl BCTaeM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl BCTaelllb Bbl BCTaeTe
have no present tense.
OH OHa BCTaeT OHH

a, Tbi, OH BCTaBaJI a, Tbl, OH BCTaJI


a, Tbl, OHa BCTaBaJia BCTaJia
Bbl OHH BCTaBaJIH BCTaJIH

a 6y.Lly BCTaBaTb a BCTaHy


Tbl 6y):lelllb BCTaBaTb Tbl BCTaHelllb
OH, OHa 6y):leT BCTaBaTb OH, OHa BCTaHeT
Mbl 6y,LleM BCTaBaTb Mbl BCTaHeM
Bbl 6y):leTe BCTaBaTb Bbl BCTaHeTe

Verbs in the perfective aspect


have no present tense.
OHa JIO)I(HTCa

a, Tbi, OH JIO)I(HJICa a, Thi, oH ner


a, Tbl, OHa JIO)I(HJiaCb nerna
Mbl Bbl OHH nerJIH

a 6y):ly JIO)I(HTbCa a nary


Tbl 6y):lelllb JIO)I(HTbCa Tbl Jia)l(elllb
OH, OHa 6y):leT JIO)I(HTbCa OH, OHa Jia)l(eT
Mbl 6y):leM JIO)I(HTbCa Mbl Jia)l(eM
Bbl 6y):leTe JIO)I(HTbCa Bbl Jia)l(eTe
OHH
Lesson 12. MY DAY 171

Table 55

CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS YMhiBATbCHIYMhiTbCH AND


0,4EBAThCH/0,4EThCH IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
YlllhmathCH (HCB) I ptbtl hCH (CB)
Present tense
H YMhiBaiOch Mhi YMhiBaeMcH
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Thi YMhiBaernhCH Bhi YMhiBaeTech
have no present tense.
OH, OHa yMhiBaeTCH OHH YMhiBaiOTCH
Past tense
H, Thl, OH YMhiBaJICH H, Thl, OH YMhiJICH
H, Thl, OHa YMhisanach H, Thl, OHa YMhmach
Mhl, Bhl, OHH YMhiBaJIHCh Mhl, Bhl, OHH YMhiJIHCh
Future tense
H 6y AY YMhiBaThCH H YMOIOCh
Thl 6y11.ernh YMhiBaThCH Thl yMoernhCH
OH,OHa 6yAeT YMhiBaThCH OH,OHa yMoeTCH
Mhl 6y11.eM YMhiBaThCH Mhl yMoeMcH
Bhl 6y11.eTe YMhiBaThCH Bhl yMoeTeCh
OHH 6YAYTYMhiBaThCH OHH YMOIOTCH
Imperative
YMhiBaiicH! YMhiBaiiTech! yMoiicH! yMOHTech!

OHCBaJt.CH (HCB) I OllCihCSI (CB)


Present tense
» o.nesaiOch MhiO,l{eBaeMCH Verbs in the perfective aspect
Thi o.nesaelllhC» Bhi o.nesaeTeCh have no present tense.
OH, OHa O,l{eBaeTC» OHH O.l{eBaiOTCH
Past tense
H, Thl, OH o.nesancx », Thl, OH o,neJic»
H, Thl, OHa o.nesanach », Thl, OHa o,neJiach
Mhl, Bhl, OHH O.l{eBaJIMCb Mhl, Bhl, OHM o,neJIMCh
Future tense
» 6y,ny O,l{eBaTbCH j£ o,neHych
Tbl 6y,neiiib o.nesaThCH Tbl o,neHeiiihCH
OH,OHa 6y,neT o.neBaThC» OH,OHa o,neHeTC»
Mbl 6y.neM o,neBaThC» Mhl o,neHeMc»
Bbl 6y,neTe o,neBaThC» Bbl o,neHeTecb
OHH 6y,nyT o.nesaThCH OHM O.l{eHYTCH
Imperative
o,neBaHcx! o,neBaHTech! o,neHhC»! o,neHbTecb!
172 YpoK 12. MOA AEHb

Table 56
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
IIPHqilCMBAThCH/IIPHqECAThCH AND liPHThCH/IIO/iPHThCH
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IIJHI'ICChJBaJhCSI (HCB) I ll!liiLJeCaThCSI (CB)
Present tense
jJ: npM'IeCbiBaiOCb
Tbl npM'IecbiBaeiiibCjJ:
OH,OHa npM'IeCbiBaeTCjJ: Verbs in the perfective aspect
Mbl npM'IeCbiBaeMCjJ: have no present tense.
Bbl npM'IeCbiBaeTecb
OHM llPM'IeCbiBaiOTCjJ:
Past tense
g, Tbl, OH llpM'IeCbiBa.JICjJ: g, Tbl, OH npM'Iecancg
g, Tbl, OHa npM'IeCbiBa.JiaCb g, Tbl, OHa npM'Iecarracb
Mbl_, Bbl OHM llPM'IeCbiBaJIMCb Mbl Bbl OHM llPM'IeCa.JIMCb
Future tense
jJ: 6y.n;y llpM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ: jJ: npM'Ieiiiycb
Tbl 6y.n;eiiib llpM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ: Tbl npM'IeiiieiiibCjJ:
OH,OHa 6y.n;eT llpM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ: OH,OHa npM'IeiiieTcg
Mbl 6y.n;eM npM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ: Mbl npM'IeiiieMcg
Bbl 6y.n;eTe npM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ: Bbl npM'IeiiieTeCb
OHM 6y.n;yT llPM'IeCbiBaTbCjJ: OHM llPM'IeiiiyTCg
Imperative
.. ~ .. ~

flp111 hnl (IICB) I IIOOJliHhCH (CB)


Present tense
g 6peiOcb Mbl 6peeMcg
Tbi 6peeiiibCjJ: Bbi 6peeTecb
Verbs in the perfective aspect
OH 6peeTCg
have no present tense.
OHM 6peiOTCjJ:
Past tense
g, Tbl, OH 6pMJICjJ: g, Tbi, OH no6pMJICjJ:
Mbl Bbl, OHM 6pMJIMCb Mbl, Bbl, OHM no6pMJIMCb
Future tense
jJ: 6y.n;y 6pMTbCjJ: jJ: no6peiOcb
Tbl 6y.n;eiiib 6pMTbCjJ: Tbl no6peeiiibCjJ:
OH 6y.n;eT 6pMTbCjJ: OH no6peeTcg
Mbi 6y.n;eM 6pMTbCjJ: Mbl no6peeMcg
Bbl 6y.n;eTe 6pMTbCjJ: Bbl no6peeTecb
OHM 6Y.ll:YT 6pMTbCjJ: OHM no6peroTcg
Imperative
6peii:cg! 6peii:Tecb! no6peii:cg! no6peii:Tecb!
Lesson 12. MY DAY 173
Remember:
HJJ;TH/exaTb -Kyoa? (accusative)
B Tea'I'p Ha pa6ory
BKHHO Ha crreKTaKJib
B pecTOpaH Ha <j>HJibM
B KHHOTea'I'p HaKOHUepT
B IUKOJIY Ha CTa.u;HOH
Bq>HpMy Ha BbiCTaBKY
Ha 3KCKypCHIO
Ha ,li;HCKOTeKy
Remember:
HJJ;TH/exaTh- omKyt)a? (genitive)
H3 Tea1pa c pa60Tbi
H3 KHHO co crreKTaKJUI
H3 pecTOpaHa c <j>HJibMa
H3 KHHOTea1pa C KOHUepTa
H3 lllKOJibl CO CTa,li;HOHa
H3 <j>HpMbl C BbiCTaBKH
C 3KCKypCHH
C,li;HCKOTeKH
Table 57
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF MASCULINE, FEMININE
AND NEUTER NOUNS1

Masculine
Nominative Instrumental singular Instrumental plural
cry.u;eHT CO cry.u;eHTOM CO CTyJJ;eHTaMH
.u;pyr c.u;pyroM C ,u;py3bHMH
Cbip C CblpOM2
xne6 cxne6oM
ArreKceii c ArreKceeM
rrperro.u;aBaTeJib c rrperro.u;aBareneM C rrpeiiO,ll;aBaTeJIHMH

1 In Russian, one of the meanings of the instumental case is to convey combination:


Here, the question becomes c KeM? (with whom?)
Jl uoy 8 I<UHO c opyzoM. I am going to the movies with my friend.
Jl pa6oma10 eMecme c KOJIJlezaMu. I work together with my colleagues.
2 Here, the question is KaKou?
Eymep6poo c c&zpOM. Bread with cheese.
Kof/Je c MOJIOKOM. Coffee with milk.
174 YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

Continued
Feminine
Nominative Instrumental singular Instrumental plural
no.n:pyra c rro.n:pyroi1 c rro.n:pyraMH
.n:esyrnKa c n;esyrnKoi1 c .n:esyrnKaMH
Kon6aca c KOJI6acoi1
phi6a c phi6oi1
HaTarna c HaTarnei1
TaiDI c TaHeH
TeTJ)a.n:h c TeTJ)a.D:hiO CTeTJ)a.[I)IMH
Neuter
Nominative Instrumental singular Instrumental plural
llHChMO C ITHChMOM CITHChMaMH
MOJ10KO CMOJ10KOM
MaCJIO C MaCJJOM
Mope C MOpeM C MOpHMH
Remember:
• If a masculine noun in the nominative case ends in -b or -u, the
instrumental case ending will be -eM.
• If a feminine noun in the nominative case ends in -R or has a root of
w, JIC, '1, Uf, the instrumental case ending will be -eu. If the feminine noun
ends in -b, the instrumental case ending will be -blO.
• If a neuter noun in the nominative case ends in -e, the instrumental
case ending will be -eM.
• In the plural, the instrumental ending will be -RMu for masculine
nouns ending in -b, -u, feminine nouns ending in -R, -b, and neuter nouns
ending in -e.
Table 58
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
H~THIIIOHTHIIIPHHTH (KY~A?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IIJOH (HCB) IIOHTif (CB) I npuli 111 (CB)
Present tense
HH.D:Y MhiH,L{eM Verbs in the perfec- Verbs in the perfec-
Thl H,L{eillh Bhl H,L{eTe five aspect have no tive aspect have no
OH, OHa H,L{h OHH H.D:YT present tense. present tense.
Past tense
H, Thl, OH men H, Thl, OH ITOilleJI H, Thl, OH npHI1leJ1
H, Thi, oHa rnna H, Thi, oHa nornna H, Thi, oHa npHrnna
Mhi, Bhl, OHH IllJ1H Mhl, Bhl, OHH ITOillJIH Mhl, Bhl, OHH npHI1lJ1H
Lesson 12. MY DAY 175

Continued
lf)lJ II (HCB) I noiiTn (CB) I upniint (CB)
Future tense
H 6y11.y HIJ.TH H noH.ny H DpHIJ.Y
Tbl 6y11.eiiib HIJ.TH Tbl noii:,neiiib Tbi npHil.eiiib
OH, OHa 6y11.er HATH OH,OHa nOHAeT OH, oHa rrpHil.t:T
Mbl 6yAeM HATH Mhl noifAeM Mbl 1IpHAeM
Bbl 6yAeTe HATH Bbi noifAeTe Bbi rrpHAeTe
OHH 6YAYT HATH OHH noifl1.yT OHH IIPHIJ.YT
Table 59
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS EXATb/IIOEXATb/IIPHEXATb
(KYJJ,A?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
CX<llh (I-ICB) I IIOCXal b (CB) I HJmcxa 11> ( CB)
Present tense
HeAy Mbi eAeM Verbs in the perfective Verbs in the perfective
Tbi eAeiiib Bbi eAere aspect have no aspect have no
OH OHaeAer OHH eAYT present tense. present tense.
Past tense
Tbl, OH exa.rr
H, Tbi, OH rroexa.rr
H, H, Tbl, OH 1IpHeXa.JI
H, Tbi, oHa exa.rra H, Tbi, oHa rroexa.rra H, Tbi, oHa npHexa.rra
Mbl, Bbl, OHH eXa.JIH Mhl, Bbl OHH IIOeXa.JIH Mbl Bbl, OHH rrpHeXaJIH
Future tense
H 6yAy exaTb H rroeAy H npHeAy
Tbi 6yAeiiih exaTb Thl rroeAeiiib Tbl npHeAeiiih
OH, oHa 6yAeT exaTb OH,OHa rroeAeT OH,OHa rrpHeAer
Mhi 6yAeM exaTb Mbl rroeAeM Mbl rrpHeAeM
Bbl 6yAere exaTb Bbl noeAeTe Bbl rrpHeAeTe
OHH 6YAYT exaTb OHH rroeAYT OHH rrpHeAYT

Remember:
The prefix no- in a verb of motion means the beginning of a move-
ment or the beginning of a new stage of the movement.
Jl ooe.JlcR u notueJl Ha pa6omy. I got dressed and went to work.
Jl tuibl npR.Mo, a nomoM noutiill I walked straight, and then went
Hanpa6o. to the right.
The prefixnpu- in a verb of motion signifies the result of the movement.
Jl npuexaJZ Ha pa6omy. I arrived at work.
Jl npueoy 6 MocK6Y JZemoM. I will come to Moscow in the sum-
mer.
176 YpoK 12. MOA AEHb

For reference:
In Russian, there is a special group of verbs known as verbs of mo-
tion. When using these verbs, it is important to pay attention to the type
of movement involved:
a) whether or not there is an indication of direction;
b) whether the movement is in a single direction or in different direc-
tions.

Uni-directional verbs (uomu, examb and others) are used:

a) If at the moment of speaking, there is movement in one direction:


Jl uoy no yllu£1e. I am walking down the street.
no YllU£1e eoem MQUlUHa. A car is going down the street.
b) If a question is asked about movement at the moment it is occur-
ring:
Kyo a 6bl uoeme? Where are you going (on foot)?
Kyoa OHa eoem? Where is she going (by transport)?

Multi-directional verbs (xooumb, e30umb and others) are used:

a) If at the moment of speaking there is movement in different direc-


tions:
Jboou xooRm no yllu£1e. People are walking down the street.
no YllU£1e e30llm MQUlUHbl. Cars are going down the street.
b) If general questions about habitual or regular motions are asked:
Kyoa Bbl o6wmo xooume Where do you usually go (on foot)?
neutKOM?
Kyoa Bbl o6bl'mo e3oume Where do you usually go on vacation?
omobzxamb?
c) If repeat or habitual movement in different directions is discussed:
MaMa Ka;»CObzu oeHb Mother goes to work every day.
XOOUm Ha pa6omy.
or a single movement in two directions (there and back):
Bllepa R xoowza e meamp. Yesterday I went to the theater (there and
back).
Lesson 12. MY DAY

Table 60
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS XO/(HTh/E3/(HTh (KY/(A?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
XO!llllh (IICB) I el;~ulh (HCB)
Present tense
H XOX<Y H e3X<Y
Tbl XO,li;Millh Thl e3,li;MIIIh
OH,OHa XO,li;MT OH,OHa e3,li;HT
Mbl XO,li;MM Mbi e3,li;HM
Bhl XO,li;MTe Bbl e3,11;me
OHM XO,li;HT OHM e3,~J;HT

Past tense
H, Thl, OH XO,li;MJI H, Thl, OH e3,li;HJI
H, Thl, OHa XO,li;MJia H, Thl, OHa e3,li;MJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHM XO,li;MJIM Mhl, Bbl, OHM e3,li;MJIM
Future tense
H 6y,11;y XO,li;HTh H 6y,~J;ye3,li;HTh
Tbl 6y,11;eiiih XO,li;HTh Tbl 6y,11;eiiih e3,li;HTh
OH,OHa 6y,11;eT XO,li;MTh OH,OHa 6y,11;eT e3,li;MTh
Mbl 6y,11;eM XO,li;MTh Mbl 6y,11;eM e3,li;MTh
Bbl 6y,11;eTe XO,li;HTh Bbl 6y,11;eTe e3,li;MTh
OHM 6y,li;YT XO,li;MTh OHM 6y,li;YT e3,li;MTh
Table 61
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS HPHXO/(HTh/HPHE3)J(ATh
(KY/(A?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
upuxo;~III t. (IICB) I IIJllll'lfl>:t II. (IICB)
Present tense
H IIpMXOX<Y H rrpMe3*RJO
Thl npMXO,li;Millh Tbl npMe3X<aeiiih
OH,OHa npMXO,li;MT OH,OHa npMe3X<aeT
Mbl npMXO,li;MM Mbl npMe3X<aeM
Bhl npMXO,li;MTe Bbl npMe3X<aeTe
OHM npMXO,li;HT OHM npMe3X<aJOT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH IIpMXO,li;MJI H, Tbl, OH rrpMe3X<aJI
H, Tbl, OHa IIpMXO,li;MJia H, Tbl, OHa npMe3X<aJia
Mbl, Bbl, OHM ITPMXO,li;MJIM Mbl, Bbl, OHM npMe3X<aJIM
ll-619
178 YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

Continued
IIJHIXOJ.III'h (IICB) I npHCJJKa rh (IICB)
Future tense
.II 6y.l{y llpHXO,l{HTb .II 6y.l{y npHe3:>KaTb
Tbl 6y.l{eiiib IIpHXO,l{HTb Tbl 6y.l{eiiib rrpHe3:>KaTb
OH,OHa 6y.l{eT llpHXO,l{HTb OH,OHa 6y.l{eT rrpHe3:>KaTb
Mbl 6y.l{eM rrpMXO.l{MTb Mbi 6y.l{eM rrpMe3:>KaTb
Bbl 6y.l{eTe rrpMXO,l{MTb Bbi 6y.l{eTe rrpMe3:>KaTb
OHM 6y.l{yT IIpMXO,l{MTb OHM 6y.l{yT rrpMe3:>KaTb
Imperative
IIPMXO.l{M! IIpMXO,l{MTe! rrpMe3:>Kaii:! rrpMeT>KaiiTe!

Remember:
Verbs of motion with prefixes signifying spatial movement indicate
movement in a defined direction. For example, the prefix npu- indicates
the result of movement. Uni-directional verbs (such as uomu) with pre-
fixes form verbs in the perfective. aspect. Multi-directional verbs with
prefixes maintain the imperfective aspect. These verbs form aspect pairs:
npuxooumblnpuumu, etc.

YnpaiHHeHHH • Exercises
1. ~ill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs ocmaoamblocmamb
and noJJCumbcJl!ne'lb cnamb.
a) 06bil.JHO OH ... B 8 qacoB. Bqepa Mbi ... B 7 qacoB. Kor,l{a Tbi ... ?
Kor,l{a Tbi ... cero.l{H.II? Kor.l{a .11 He 6y.l{y pa6oTaTb, .11 ... II03.l{HO.... , Y:>Ke 10
qacoB! PaHbiiie oHa ... B 7 qacoB, a ceii:qac .. . B 8 qacoB. 3aBTpa HaM
HY:>KHO ... B 6 qacoB. Ero .l{PY3b.ll Bcer,l{a ... II03.l{HO.
6) B BOCKpeceHbe AHTOH ... Ol.JeHb II03,l{HO. 06bil.JHO Mbl ... B 12 l.Ja-
COB. PaHbiiie f'a.rr.11 ... B 11 qacoB, a ceii:qac ... B 10. Kor,l{a Tbi ... ? Kor.l{a Tbi
... Bl.Jepa? Koma MOM .l{py3b.ll He 6y.l{YT pa6oTaTb, OHM ... rro3,l{HO. Koma .11
... , II03BOHMJI MOM .l{pyr.... , Y:>Ke 12 qacoB!
2. Put the word in parentheses in the instrumental case, and add the neces-
sary preposition.
a) qaH (JIMMOH), Ko<lJe (MOJIOKO), KaPTOIIIKa (M.HCO M MaCJIO), XJie6
(Cblp), cyrr (phr6a), M.HCO (OBOIUM), 6YTep6po.l{ (KOJI6aca).
6) I1.l{y (rro.l{pyra), pa6oTaro (KOJIJiem), e.l{eM (.l{py3b.a), rroe,D;y (.l{pyr),
o6e.l{aiO (po.l{HTeJIM), exaJI (rrperro,D;aBaTeJib).
Lesson 12. MY DAY 179

B) Tbi mo6HIIIb qepHbiH Ko<iJe HHH Ko<iJe {MOHOKO)? Ha 3aBTpaK OH


IIHH qaif (nHMOH H caxap). MHe HpaBHTCH MHCO (OBOIIlH). 0Ha Kyrruna
6yTep6po.n (c»Ip) u (Kon6aca). BuKTop u.neT B TeaTp (rro.npyra JleHa).
JleHa u.neT B TeaTp (.npyr BnKTop). Bhl qacTO o6e.naeTe (po.nnTenu)? Be-
qepoM OH BCer.na rynHeT (.npy3bH). Mbi e.neM Ha 3KCKypCHIO (AH.npeH,
HaTaiiia u OHH).
3. Put the words in parentheses in the dative and the instrumental case and
add the necessary preposition.
Example: .5! u.ny (rro.npyra) .
.5! u.ny K rro.npyre .
.5! u.ny c rro.npyro:H.

M1>1 e.neM (.npy3»H). JleHa rrpuiiina (.npyr). 0HH e.nyT (po.nnTenu). OH


rroe.neT (HaTaiiia u Oner). T»I rro:H.neiii» (JleHa u AneKce:H)? .5! xo.nun B
rocTH (Konneru).
4. Formulate a question from each phrase.
Example: - BHKTOp IIOH,Z:(eT B KHHO C JleHOH.
- C KeM OH IIOH,Z:(eT B KHHO?

AHTOH rro:H.neT B rocTn K Hpe. JleTOM Mhl rroe.neM K .npy3»HM . .5! u.ny
B rocTu c MY:>KeM. 0Hu rrpuexanu B MocKBy. B1>1 )I(HBeTe B Poccuu. OH
e3.nun K po.nnTenHM c .npy3hHMH. 0Ha xo.nuna Ha BbiCTaBKy c Caiiie:H.
5. Put the words in parentheses in the accusative or the prepositional case,
and add the correct preposition.
B BOCKpeceHhe Mbl 06biqHQ XO,Z:(HM (TeaTp) HHH (BbiCTaBKa) . .5! H,Z:(y
(pa60Ta) rreiiiKOM. Tbi xo.nun (3KCKypcuH)? Bqepa Mbi 61>mu (cTa.nnoH).
Bbl XO,Z:(HHH B cpe.ny {My3eif)? HeT, H He XO,Z:(HH, H 6hm (My3eH) BO BTOp-
HHK. B IIOHe,Z:(eHbHHK OHH 6blnH (oOHbiiiOH TeaTp). MoH cecTpa yqHTCH
(IIIKona), a 6paT (yHuBepcuTeT). 3aBTPa OHH rro:H.neT (KoHuepT), a rroTOM
(.nHCKOTeKa).
6. Put the words in parentheses into the proper form.
YTPOM H (YMbiBaTbCH H qucTHTb 3y6b1), IIOTOM (3aBTpaKaTb) H (u.nTH)
B HHCTHTYT. Mniiia Bcer.na yTpOM (.nenaTD 3apH.nKy u rrpHHHMaTh xono.n-
HbiH ,Z:(yiii). TaHH BCer.na ,Z:(Onro (rrpuqecbiBaTbCH H O,Z:(eBaTbCH). 0HH pe.n-
KO ( o6e.naTh H ~HaTh) BMeCTe. CKOHbKO MHHyT Tbl (6pHThCH)? .5! (6pHTb-
CH) 10 MHHyT. Bbl ( rrpHHHMaTb BaHHY) Ka)I(,Z:(biH ,Z:(eHb? Mbl BCer.na (3aBT-
paKaTh) B 8 qacoB.
180 YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

7. Alter the phrase, placing the present tense into the past tense, and chang-
ing the verbs from the imperfective aspect to the perfective aspect.
Example: .5I )'MI:.IBai<;>Cb M qm11,y 3y61:.1.
5f )'MI:.InaCb M noqMCTMJia 3y61:.1.
OH 6peeTCH M )'MI:.IBaeTcH. OHM 3aBTpaKaiOT M M.L{YT Ha pa6ozy. M1:.1
o6e,L{aeM M e,L{eM B MHCTMTyT. 0Ha O,L{eBaeTCH M npMqeci:.IBaeTCH. Bbi
npMHMMaeTe .L{ym M 3aBTpaKaeTe. T1:.1 BCTaem~:. M .L{enaemi:. 3apH.L{Ky.
8. Put the words in parentheses into the proper form.
(Cy66oTa) Mhi noii:.L{eM B My3eii:. Cero.L{HH (sTopHMK). liTo TI:.I 6y-
.L{em~:. .L{enaTh (noHe.L{eJibHMK)? KaKMe y sac nnaHbi (cpe.L{a)? (Cpe.L{a) MI:.I
pa6oTaeM, a noToM M.L{eM B TeaTp. 0Ha noii:.L{eT K spaqy (qeTBepr). KaKMe
y Te6H nnaHI:.I ( cy66oTa M socKpeceHI:.e)? .5I npMmamaiO Te6H B rocTM
(cy66oTa). f.L{e OHM 6I:.InM (nHTHMI.I,a)?
9. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs uomulxooumb.
- Ky.L{a TI:.I ... ? - .5I ... Ha pa6ozy. - Ky.L{a TI:.I o6J:.JqHo ... B cy66ozy?
- B cy66ozy H o6J:.IqHo ... K .L{py3I:.HM. - TI:.I He 3Haemi:., KY.L{a OHM ceiJ:qac
... ? -OHM ... B Mara3MH. Bqepa MI:.I ... B U:MpK. KIDK,Il;I:.IH ,L{eHI:. H ... YHMBep-
CMTeT. TI:.I ... B YHMBepcMTeT neiiiKOM? Kor,L{a JleHa ... K MeTpo, oHa ysM.L{e-
na no.L{pyry. - B cy66ozy Bbi ... B rocTM?- HeT, H ... B rocTM B socKpece-
HI:.e. Te6e HY)I(HO ... neiiiKOM MMHYT 5. TBOH 6paT ... B IIIKOJIY MJIM eme HeT?
06J:.JqHO seqepoM Caiiia ... Ha CTa,L{MOH. Kor,IJ:a Mrop1:. ... B MHCTMTYT, OH
ysM.L{eJI .L{pyra. Koma OHM ... Ha BhiCTaBKy, OHM yBM.L{eJIM .L{py3eii:.
10. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs examble3oumb.
- Ky.L{a TI:.I ... ? - .5I ... Ha BhiCTasKy. - BI:.I ... Ha pa6oTy Ha MeTpo
MJIM Ha asT06yce? - 06J:.IqHo H ... Ha MeTpo. Kor.L{a Hpa ... B TpaMsae,
oHa YBM;:J:ena no.L{pyry. JleTOM OHM .. . Ha IDr OT.L{I:.IXaTI:.. - A Ky.L{a Bhi
o6~:.JqHo ... OT.L{I:.IXaTI:.? - MI:.I ... B KpLIM. ,ll;o MeTpo Te6e HY)I(HO ... 10
MMHYT Ha TPOJineii:6yce. T1:.1 He 3Haeiiii:., Ky.L{a OHM ... ? OH ... B u:eHTp.
OceHhiO Bmrrop ... B KMeB, HaTaiiia ... B MMHCK, a KaTH M OnH ... B Moe-
Kay. Kor.L{a Oner ... B MaraJMH, OH yBM,L{eJI .L{pyra. Koma OHM ... B MeTpo,
OHM yBM,L{eJIM .L{py3eii:. TI:.I ... Ha pa6ozy? B1:.1 ... K po.L{MTeJIHM?
11. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs noumulnoexamb.
a)- Ky.L{a BI:.I 3aBTpa ... ? - .5I ... Ha pa6ozy. - B1:.1 ... B TeaTp MJIM
HeT? - KoHeqHo, Mhi ... B TeaTp. 0Ha nocMoTpena <PMnhM, a noTOM ...
,L{OMOH. TI:.I He 3Haemi:., Ky,L{a OH ... ? B cy66ozy OHM ... Ha BI:.ICTaBKy. BMK-
TOp noo6e,L{aJI, a noToM ... B 6M6nMoTeKy. M1:.1 mnM npHMO, a noToM ...
Hanpaso.
Lesson 12. MY DAY 181

6) BeCHOH MOM .n;py3MI ... B fepMaHMlO. 0H ... Ha pa6ory Ha Mel'pO


MJIM Ha aBT06yce? 3aBTpa H ... K ,n;py3:&.R:M. 0JI.R: II03aBTpaKaJia M ... Ha
pa6ory. T:r:.I ... B MHCTMT)'T Ha MeTpo? AHTOH IIOCMOTpeJI CIIeKTaKJII:. M ...
.n;oMOH. B qeTBepr MI:.I ... Ha 3KcKypcMJO. A BI:.I ... ? ABTo6yc exan npHMO,
a IIOTOM ... HaJieBO.
12. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsnpuxooumblnpuiimu.
- Bo cKon:r:.Ko B:&I ... Ha pa6oTy? - 06I:.IqHo H ... B 9 qacoB. - A
Kor.n;a ... BaiiiM KOJmerM?- OHM ... TO)Ke B 9 qacoB. - CKa)KMTe, rro)Ka-
nyiicTa, Oner ... MJIM ern:e HeT? - OH ern:e He .... OH ... qepe3 qac.
- CKa)KMTe, rro)KaJiyiicTa, AHHa I1BaHOBHa M Cepreii IIeTpOBMq ... ?
- OHM ern:e He ... , oHM ... qepe3 30 MMHYT. PaH:r:.rne oHa ... .n;oMoii B
5 qacoB, a cei:fqac ... B 6 qacoB. - Kor.n;a B:&I ... K HaM B rocTM? - .H ...
K BaM B BOCKpeceH:r:.e. HaTarna ... )l;OMOH, II006e,n;ana M IIOIIIJia ryJIHTI:..
Marna, K Te6e ... rocTM! 06I:.IqHo M:&I ... c pa6oTI:.I B 7 qacoB. A Kor.n;a BI:.I
... c pa6oT:r:.I?
13. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs npue3:JICambl
npuexamb.
MapTa ... B MocKBY B MapTe, )J;)KOH ... B Mae, a IIaTpMK MPo6epT ... B
ceHTH6pe. 06I:.IqHo H ... B li>MPMY B 8 qacoB, MOM KonnerM ... B 9 qacoB. A
Kor.n;a BI:.I ... Ha pa6ory? Ka)KJJ:I:.IH .n;eH:r:. MMxaMJI HBaHOBMq ... B MHCTMTYT
Ha MaiiiMHe. - Kor.n;a ... BarnM po.n;MTeJIM? - OHM ... 3aBTpa. PaH:r:.rne oH
... M3 yHMBepcHTeTa B 6 qacoB, a cei:fqac ... B 7 qacoB. AneKceii ... .n;oMOH,
noo6e.n;an M nornen B 6M6JIMoTeKy. IIocne3aBTpa ... MOM .n;pyr. BI:.I ... K
HaM B rQCTM B cy66ory?
14.Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.
Oner Ka)K)l;I:.IH ,n;eH:r:. XO)l;MT ... CTa)l;MOH. 3aBTpa MI:.I IIOH)l;eM ... pa6o-
TY· Kor.n;a B:&I npMexanM .n;oMoii ... MHCTMT)'Ta? .H npMrnna ... pa6oT:r:.I B 6
qacos. MoM po,n;MTeJIM noii.n:YT ... TeaTp B 6 qacos, a rrpMJJ:YT ... TeaTpa B
10 qacos. B socKpeceH:r:.e BI:.I noe.n;eTe ... KoHuepT MJIM ... 3KCKypCMJO?
Po6epT nornen ... li>MPMY B 8 qacos, a npMrnen ... !l>MpM:r:.I B 6 qacoB. Bo
CKOJII:.KO JleHa IIpMexana ... 3KCKYPCMM )l;OMOH?
15. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case and add the preposi-
tions.
TaHH npMrnna (pa60Ta) no3.n;Ho. )J;)KOH npMexan B MocKBY (AMepM-
Ka). BI:.I He 3HaeTe, Kor.n;a OHM npMJJ:YT (YHMBepcMTeT)? MI:.I npMe.n;eM (3K-
cKypcMH) B 7 qacos. Kor.n;a TI:.I npM.n;ern:r:. (TeaTp)? OHM npMIIIJIM (cTa.n;M-
oH) M nemM cnaT:r:.. (PecropaH) MI:.I noexanM .n;oMoii. JlJOqM.R: npMexana
(HTaJIHH), MapTa (fepMaHMH), a IIon:r:. (KaHa.n;a).
182 YpoK 12. MOA AEHb

16. Formulate a question from each phrase.


Example: - MapTa npHexarra ,noMOH.
- Ky,na npHexana MapTa?
OH xo,nHn B !lHpK. 0Ha npmnna H3 HHCTHryTa. Cry,neHTbi e.nYT B
yHHBepcHTeT. !ami npmnna c BbiCTaBKH. Mbi noe,neM Ha CTMHOH. 5I e3-
,nHna Ha pa6ory. 5I npHexan c pa6oTbi. MoM ,npy3MI xo,nHnH Ha 3KCKyp-
CHIO. ,ll;:>KOH IIpHeXa.JI B qmpMy. ,ll;:>KOH IIpHeXa.JI H3 qmpMbi.
17. Alter the phrase so that it answers the question omKyiJa?
Example: MapHHa noexarra B HHCTMTYT.
MapMHa npHexarra H3 HHCTMTyTa.
Mbi noiiinH Ha pa6ory. HaTaiiia noexarra Ha BbiCTaBey. AneKceH: M,ner
B TeaTP. MoM ,npy3MI xo,nMnH B Mara.JHH. 5I e,ny Ha CTMHOH. Cry,neHTbi
e.nYT BYHMBepcHTeT. Tbi noii:,nernb Ha cTa,nHoH? 5I noe.ny B c)mpMy.

AHanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- CnaBa, qTo Tbi o6bJqHo ,nenaeiiib - Slava, what do you usually do
YTPOM? in the rooming?
- 06hJqHO H BCTaiO B 7 qaCOB, ,ne- - I usually get up at 7:00, do exer-
naiO 3apH,ney, npHHHMaiO XOno,n- cises, take a cold shower, brush
HbiH .nYIII, qmu;y 3y6hl, 6perocb, my teeth, shave, brush my hair,
npHqecbiBaiOcb, o,neBaiOcb, 3aB- get dressed, eat breakfast, and go
TPaKaro MM.l(y BMHCTMryT. fipM- to the institute. I usually arrive
XO:>Ky B MHCTMryT 06bJqHO B 9 at the institute at 9:00.
qacoB.
- A BO CKOnbKO Tbi BCTaJI cero,n- - And what time did you get up
HH? this rooming?
- To:>Ke B 7 qacoB. -Also at 7:00.
- A qTo Tbi en MnMn Ha 3aBTpaK? -What did you have for break-
fast?
- .5I en 6YTep6po,n CCblpOM HIIHn - I ate bread and cheese and drank
Ko<Pe C MOnOKOM. coffee with milk.
2)
- IIropb, qTO Tbi 6y,neiiib .nenaTb - Igor, what are you going to do
3aBTpa YTPOM? tomorrow rooming?
- Bee KaK o6bJqHo. BcTaHy B 8 - Everything as usual. I'll get up
Lesson 12. MY DAY 183

qacoB, C,L{enaro 3ap.H.L{Ky, npHMY at 8:00, do exercises, take a


Tenm>rii: .L{ym, noqm.uy 3y6LI, warm shower, brush my teeth,
no6perocL, npHqemycL, n03aB- shave, brush my hair, eat break-
rpaKaiO Hnoii:.L{y Ha pa6ory. fast, and go to work.
3)
- Hpa, qTo BLI o6LiqHo .L{eJiaeTe - Ira, what do you usually do dur-
,[{HeM? ing the day?
- ,[J;HeM .H o6LiqHo yqyc~> B YHH- - During the day I study at the
BepcHTeTe ,1:{0 2 qaCOB, nOTOM university until 2:00, then eat
o6e.L{aro, nocne o6e.L{a HeMHoro lunch. After lunch I take a walk
ryJI.HlO HOT.L{biXalO, a nOTOM H.L{Y and relax a little, and then I go
B6H6JIHOTeKy. to the library.
- A KOr,L{a BLI npHe3)KaeTe .L{O- - When do you get home?
Moii:?
- 06LiqHo .H npHe3)KalO .L{OMOH - I usually get home about 5 or 6
qacoB B 5-6. o'clock.
- A BLI e.L{eTe .L{OMOH Ha MeTpo - Do you go on the metro or do
HJIH H,L{eTe neiiiKOM? you walk?
- 06LiqHo B yHHBepcHTeT H .L{O- -Usually I ride the metro to the
MOH .H e3~ Ha MeTpo. university and home.
4)
- Carna, qTo TLI o6LiqHo .L{enaernL - Sasha, what do you usually do
BeqepoM? in the evening?
- BeqepoM .H o6LiqHo OT.L{Lixaro. - In the evening I usually relax,
qHTalO )KypHaJILI H ra3eTLI, read magazines and newspapers,
CMOTplO TeJieBH30p, HHOr,L{a ry- watch TV, sometimes walk in
JI.HIO B napKe HJIH XO)Ky C .L{py- the park, or go with friends to
3b.HMH Ha CTa,L{HOH. If, KOHeqHO, the stadium. And of course I eat
Y)KHHaiO. dinner.
- A qTo TLI ernL Ha ~HH? - And what do you eat?
- HHor,L{a caJiaT H 6yrep6po.L{LI, - Sometimes a salad and sand-
HHOr,L{a Karny. wichs and sometimes cooked
cereal.
- A qTO Tbl nLeiiib? - And what do you drink?
- IlblO COK HJIH BO.L{y. - I drink juice or water.
- A KOr.L{a TLI JIO)KHIIILC.H cnaTL? - When do you go to sleep?
- 06biqHO .H JIO)KYCL cnaTb B 11 - I usually go to sleep at 11 :00.
qacoB.
5)
- 0JI.H, KaKHe y Te6.H nJiaHLI Ha - Olya, what plans do you have
3aBTpa? for tomorrow?
184 YpoK 12. MOl AEHb

- YTpoM H )(HeM g yqyc». A Be- - In the morning and afternoon I


qepoM xoqy rro:Hm B EonbiiiOH am studying, and in the evening
TeaTp. I want to go to the Bolshoi the-
ater.
- A c KeM Thi rroit)(em» B TeaTp? - With whom are you going to the
theater?
- 5I IIOHJ(Y c IIOJ(pyroit. - I am going with my friend.
- A KaKOH crreKTaKnb Tbl 6y)(emb - And what performance are you
CMOT}JeTh? going to see?
- EaneT «)KH3en»». - The ballet "Giselle".
6)
- Cepreii HHKonaeBH'I, KaKHe y - Sergei Nikolaevich, what plans
Bac rrnaHbl Ha cpe)(y? do you have for Wednesday?
- YTPoM H )(HeM g pa6oTaro. A - In the morning and during the
Be'lepOM IIOe)(y Ha 3KCKypcHIO. day, I am working. In the
evening, I am going on an ex-
cursion.
- A c KeM B»I rroeJ(eTe Ha 3KCKyp- - With whom are you going on an
CHIO? excursion?
- C )KeHoii. MapHHa, a 'ITO Tbl - With my wife. Marina, what are
co6Hpaem»cJI J(enaT» Bcpe)(y? you planning to do on Wednes-
day?
- YTpoM y MeHJI 3aHJITHJI, rroroM - In the morning, I have classes,
g 6y)(y o6e)(aTb, OTJ(biXaTh, a then I will have lunch, relax, and
Be'lepOM 6y)(y TaHD;eBaTh BJ(HC- in the evening I will go dancing
KOTeKe. at a discoteque.
7)
-IOpa, me Tbi 6»m B'lepa? - Yura, where were you yester-
day?
- B11epa g 6hln Ha B,ll;HX. -Yesterday, I was at VDNKh.
- A 'ITO Tbi J(enan BBOCKpeceHbe? - What did you do on Sunday?
- B BOCKpeceH»e g e3J(Hn Ha 3KC- - On Sunday I went on an excur-
KypcHIO B My3eH IIymKHHa, a sion to the Pushkin museum,
IIOTOM XOJ(Hn Ha KOHD;epT. and then went to a concert.
- Tbi nro6Hmb MY3biKy? - Do you like music?
- ,D;a, O'leH». -Yes, very much.
8)
- JliO'IHJI, r)(e Bbl 6binH B cy6- - Lucia, where were you on Sat-
6ozy? 5I 3BOHHn BaM MHOro pa3, urday? I called you many times,
HO BaC He 6bin0 J(OMa. but you weren't home.
- B cy66oTy g MHoro ryngna, - On Saturday I walked around a
6blna Ha KpacHoii rrnoiD;MH, Ha lot, I was at Red Square, on the
Lesson 12. MY DAY 185

HoooM Ap6aTe, a oeqepoM xo- New Arhat, and in the evening


,nHJia B ~HpK. went to the circus.
- B KaKou ~HpK? Ha QoeTHOM - Which circus? On Tsvetnoi Bul-
6yn&Bape HHH Ha JleHHHCKHX var or in the Lenin Hills?
ropax?
- Ha JleHHHCKHX ropax. 3m HO- - Lenin Hills. It is a new circus.
B&IH ~HpK.
- Te6e noHpaBHnoc&? - Did you like it?
- 0'1eH&. 5I xoqy noiiTH e~e pa3. - Very much. I would like to go
again.
9) MHe HeKozoa! I have no time!
- Kor.na Tbi 6y,neiii& o6e,naT&? -When will you eat lunch?
- 5I He 6y,ny o6e,naT&. MHe HeKor- - I won't eat lunch. I have no time!
.na!
- A Kor.na Tbi 6y,neiii& )')KHHaT&? - When will you eat dinner?
- 5I He 6y,ny )')KHHaT&. MHe HeKor- - I won't eat dinner. I have no
.na! time!
- Ho Tbl, KOHe'IHO, 3aBTpaKana - Of course you ate breakfast to-
cero,nm1? day?
- HeT, He 3rurrpaKana. MHe HeKor- -No, I didn't eat breakfast. I have
.na! no time!
- Te6e HeKor,na? A 'ITO Tbi ,nena- -You have no time? What do you
eiii& YTPOM, ,nHeM H oeqepoM? do in the morning, afternoon and
evening?
- Ka>K,n&IH .neH& yTpoM, ,nHeM H - Every morning, afternoon and
oeqepOM H yqy pyCCKHH H3biK! evening, I study Russian!
10)
- JleHa, Tbl ocTaeiii& paHo? - Lena, do you get up early?
- ,[(a, o6bi'IHO paHo, qacoo B7. -Yes, usually early, about 7:00.
-A no>KHIII&CH cnaT& TO>Ke paHo? - And do you go to bed early?
- ,[(a. BeqepOM MHe y)l(e XO'IeTCH - Yes. In the evening I already
CTiaTb. 11: H He MOry 'ITO-TO ,ne- want to sleep. And I can't do
naTb. 5I no>Kyc& cnaT& qacoo B anything. I go to sleep about
10-11. 10:00 or 11:00.
- 3Ha'IHT, Tbl )l(aBOpOHOK? - That means you are a lark.
- ,[(a, H )l(aBOpOHOK. A T&I? - Yes, I'm a lark. And you?
- 5I COBa. 5I He mofuno paHO BCTa- - I'm an owl. I don't like to get
BaTb. 5I TI03.Z(HO HO~Cb cnaTb. up early. I go to bed late. It's dif-
MHe Tpy,nHo 'ITO-To .nenaT& YT- ficult for me to do anything in
poM, a oeqepoM H Mory ,nenaT& the morning, and in the evening
oce. I can do everything.
186 YpoK 12. MOl AEHb

11)
- AHTOH, qTo TLI co6HpaemLCH - Anton, what are you planning to
.n;ena:rL BeqepoM? do this evening?
- .5! 6y.ey cnymaTL MY3LI:r<y. .5! KY- - I will listen to music. I bought
IIHJI HOBbie KaCCeTLI. IlOTOM 6y- new cassettes. Then I'll watch
Jzy CMOTpeTL TeJieBH30p, )')KH- television, eat dinner, then after
HaTL, rrocne y:>KHHa rynHTL c dinner walk around with my
.n;py3LHMH. friends .
- A qro 6y.n;eT .n;enaTL TBOH MaMa? - And what will your mother do?
- 0Ha 6y.n;eT CTHpaTb, IIOTOM ro- - She will wash, then make din-
TOBHTb )')KHH, IIOTOM MblTb 110- ner, then wash the dishes, then
cy.n;y, rroroM qro-ro ellle .n;enaTL. she will do something else.
- A TLI e:H He rroMo:>Kemi:.? - And will you help her?
- .5! oqeHI:. xoqy e:H rroMo%! Ho - I really want to help her, but I
MHe HeKor.n;a! have no time!
12)
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe, TaHH! - Hello, Tanya!
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe, BHKTOpHH! - Hello, Viktoria!
-KaK.n;ena? - How are you?
- CrracH6o, Bee BrropH.n;Ke. A Ba- - Well, thank you. And you?
mH?
- Bee HopMani:.Ho. - All is well.
- BHKTOpHH, qro BLI co6Hpaereci:. - Victoria, what are you planning
.n;eJiaTb B BbiXOJlHble JlHH? to do this weekend?
- HHqero. B cy660Ty HBBOCKpe- -Nothing. On Saturday and Sun-
ceHI:.e H OT.llbiXaiO. day I will relax.
- .5! xoqy rrpHmacHTI:. Bac B roc- - I would like to invite you to my
™· Ey.n;YT MOH .n;py3LH, MOH po- house. My friends, parents, and
JlHTeJIH H MOH 6paT. my brother will be there.
- CrracH6o 3a rrpHmameHHe! .5! - Thank you for the invitation! I
o6H3aTeJII:.HO rrpH.n;y! A Kor.n;a? will definitely come! When?
- B cy66oTY, B5 qacoB. -Saturday, at 5:00.
- Jl.o BCTpeqH, - See you then!
12a)
- BHKTOpHH, KaKHe y Bac IIJiaHLI - Viktoria, what plans do you
Hacy66QTY? have for Saturday?
- B cy66oTY H H.ey BrocTH KTaHe. - On Saturday I am going over to
Tanya's house.
- A KTO TaM 6y.n;eT ellle? - Who else will be there?
- Ee .n;py3LH, po.n;HTenH H 6paT. - Her friends, parents and brother.
- ABO CKOJibKO Thl MemL BroCTH? - What time are you going to visit?
-B 5 qacoB. -At5:00.
Lesson 12. MY DAY 187
2. Talk about what time you get up, eat breakfast, go to work or to class, eat
lunch, get home, eat dinner, and go to sleep.
3. Are you an owl or a lark? Why do you think so?
4. Explain how you spend your day, what you do in the morning, afternoon,
and evening.
5. What do you usually eat and drink for breakfast, lunch and dinner?
6. Ask your friends where they were yesterday, what they plan to do today,
and what plans they have for tomorrow.
7. Extend an invitation to your friends to come to your house.

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 6)
- Kor.n;a BI>I o6I>JqHo o6e.n;aeTe? - qTO BaWH .n;p)'3bH C06Hpa10TCH
.n;emrri> 3aBTPa?

2) 7)
- KaKHe y Bac nnaHI>I Ha cpe.n;y? - Bo CKOJibKO BI>I no:>KHTeci> cnan,?

3) 8)
- Bhl npHHHMaeTe xono.n;HhlH - Kor.n;a BI>I BCTaJIH cero.n;HH?
.n;yw?

4) 9)
- qTO Bbl e,ZJ;HTe Ha )')KHH? - Bhl xo.n;HTe Ha pa6ory newKoM
HJIH e3.n;HTe Ha MeTpo?

5) 10)
- BI>I coBa HJIH )J{aBopoHoK? - Kor.n;a Bbi npHxo.n;HTe .n;oMoii?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 2)

- HeT, cero.n;HH H He o6e.n;an. - Ha 3aBTpaK H en 6yrep6po.n; c


CblpOM.
188 YpoK 12. MOM AEHb

3) 7)

-5! COBa. - MHe HeKor)J,a!


4) 8)

- CrracH6o 3a rrpHrnarneHHe! - OH ner crraTb B 11 qacoB.


5) 9)

- B cy66ozy 5I rroi:J:)J,y B rocTH. - BeqepoM 5I cnyrnaiO MY3biKY H


CMOTpiO TeJ1eBH30p.
6) 10)

- 5I IIOH)J,y B TeaTp c IIO)J.pyroi:J:. - HHor)J,a 5I rrpHxmKy )J,OMOH


II03)J,HO.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 12.


YpoH 13 • Lesson 13

[BOdO.QHOe apeMJI. npMrnaweHMe B rOCTM,


a rearp •
• Free Time. Invitations to Someone's House,
to the Theater

KOMMeHTIPHH • Commentary
Russian people, like people from all over the world, spend their free
time in varied ways depending on the interests of an individual or a family.
In Russia, people go to the theater, the movies, museums, attend ex-
hibitions or sports events, go on tours or to the country. A particular fa-
vorite is going to the theater. In practically every major city, there is at
least one theater. In Moscow, there are nearly a hundred theaters. A fa-
vorite is the Bolshoi Theater, famous throughout the world for its shows
and actors. Other theaters that are especially popular are MKhAT, Maly
theater, the Leninskiy Komsomol theater, the Satire theater, and the Op-
eretta theater.
Many Russians enjoy participating in sports or attending sports events
in their free time. In Moscow and other major cities, there are many sta-
diums, sports complexes and sports clubs that have classes for children
and adults. The most popular types of sports in Russia are soccer, ice
hockey, tennis and chess. The most well-known sports complex in Mos-
cow is Luzhniki Stadium.
Art exhibitions and galleries are also popular among Russians. The
most famous in Moscow is the Tretyakov Gallery, where thousands of
works of art are exhibited, everything from Russian icons of the XI and
XII centuries to works of modem Russian artists. The Pushkin Museum
of Fine Arts is also very interesting. In addition to its permanent collec-
190 YpoK 13. CBO&OllHOE BPEMR. nPMrnAWEHME B rOCTM, B TEATP

tion, the Pushkin Museum has exhibitions from museums all over the
world.
Russia has a large number of museums. In Moscow, we recommend
visiting the Kremlin, the Armory, the Diamond Fund and the History Mu-
seum.
For vacations, many Russians like to relax at vacation spots in Cen-
tral Russia or on the Black Sea. They also buy tour packages to countries
all over the world, cruises, etc. Frequently, Russians spend their vaca-
tions 3a zopoooM or in the country. When the weather is good, families
will go to the country or to the beach. Sports outings are also popular:
hiking, kayaking, mountainclimbing.
Probably the favorite place where Russians spend their free time is at
the dacha, which is a small house with a piece of land of about 400-
600 square meters. Many families have dachas where they relax, grow
flowers, fruits and vegetables. Most dachas are located not far from the
city so people can get there relatively quickly. If your Russian friends
have a dacha, they will most likely invite you for a relaxing weekend.
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 191

neHCMHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

CB060,n:HOe BpeMH free time


Y Memi eCTb CB060.LJ:HOe BpeMH. I have free time.
Y Memi HeT (Mano) cBo66,n:Horo I have no (little) free time.
BpeMeHH.
CB066,n:eH/CB060,n:HafCB060.LJ:Hbl free (m., f., and pl.)
3llHHT/3amm}/3aHHTbl busy (m., f., and pl.)
Bbr cBo66,n:Hbi 3aBTpa BeqepoM? Are you free tomorrow evening?
BCTpeqaTbCHfBCTpeTHTbC~ to meet
f,n:e H KOr,n:a Mbl BCTpeTHMC~? When and where will we meet?
,ll;aBafi(-Te) BCTpeTHMC~ Let's meet at the metro
y MeTpO B 14 qacOB. at 2:00p.m.
y.n:66Ho/Hey.n:66Ho convenient, inconvenient
cornaceH/cornacHa/cornaCHbi (I) agree (m., f. and pl.)
,IJ;orOBOpHnHCb! Agreed! All right!
,ll;aBaM(-Te) ITOM,n:eM BTeaTp! Let's go to the theater!
C Y.ll:OBOHbCTBHeM! With pleasure!
6qeHb )l(anb! Too bad.
B .n:pyr6i1: pa3! Another time.
5I Ha,n:bocb! I hope so!
)I(.LJ:aTb to wait
5I )I(.LJ:Y BaC (Te651) B MeTpO B 14 qa- I will wait for you at the metro at
COB. 2:00p.m.
HaqHHllTbCH to begin
Kor.n:a (Bo cK6nbKo) HaqHHaeTc~ What time does the concert begin?
KOH[(epT?
KoHn:epT HaqHHaeTc~ B 19 qac6B. The concert begins at 7:00p.m.
Haqano KOHn;epTa B 19 qac6B. The beginning of the concert is at
7:00p.m.
Kor,n:a (BO CKOHbKO) KOHqaeTC~ KOH- What time does the concert end?
n;epT?
KoHn:epT KoHqaeTc~ B 22 qaca. The concert ends at 10:00 p.m.
KoHen: KoHn:epTa B 22 qaca. The end of the concert is at 10:00
p.m.
cne.n:yrom;HM next
rrpOIIIHbiM last
B cne,n:yrom;HM pa3 next time
192 YpoH 13. CBO&OAHOE BPEMJI. nPMrnAWEHME B rDCTM, B TEATP

B np6IIIJibiM pa3 last time


Ha CJie.[{)'IOIUeM He,neJie next week
Ha np6IIIJioii He,nene last week
6mycK vacation
KaHMKYJibi vacation (school vacation)
npOBO.[{MTb/npoBeCTM to spend, conduct
KaK Bbi npos6,n:HTe cso66,n:Hoe spe- How do you spend your free time?
MH?
KaK Bhl nposenM: BI>Ixo,nlfhie ,n:HH? How did you spend your weekend?
qTO Bbi m66HTe ,neJiaTb B CB066,n- What do you like to do in your spare
HOe BpeMH? time?
HrpaTh B IIIaXMaThl play chess
B TeHHHC tennis
B cpyT60JI soccer
B XOKKeH hockey
B 6acKeT66n basketball
HarHn\pe guitar
Ha nHaHMHO piano
pHCOBaTb to draw
.H xopoiii6 pHcyiD. I draw well .
neTb to sing
.H xopoiii6 nom. I sing well .
neCHH song

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 60
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
BCTPEqAThCHIBCTPETHThCH (C KEM? KOFJ(A? FJ(E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

BCijlC'I:III.CU (IICB) I IH.'IpCIIIII.OI (CB)


Present tense
H BCTpellaiOCb
Tbl BCTpeqaeWbCH
oH, oHa BCTPetiaeTcH Verbs in the perfective aspect
Mhl BCTPetiaeMCH have no present tense.
Bbl BCTpetiaeTeCb
OHH BCTpetiaiOTCX
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 193

Continued
BC'I pc•taThCU (HCB) I BCTpcniThCU (CB)
Past tense
R, Tbl, OH BC'I'pe'l:aJIC.sl R, Tbi, OH BC'I'peTHJIC.sl
R, Tbi, OHa BC'I'peqanacb R, Tbi, OHa BC'I'peTHJiaCb
Mbi, Bbl, OHH BCTpe'laJIHCb Mbi, Bbl, OHH BCTpeTHJIHCb
Future tense
R 6y.[(y BCTpe'laTbC.sl R BCTpe'lyCb
Tbl 6y.[(eillb BCTpe'laTbC.sl Tbl BCTpeTHillbC.sl
OH,OHa 6y.[(eT BCTpe'laTbC.sl OH,OHa BCTpeTIITC.sl
Mbl 6y.[(eM BC'I'pe'laTbC.sl Mbl BC'I'peTHMC.sl
Bbl 6y.[(eTe BC'I'pe'laTbC.sl Bbl BCTpeTHTeCb
OHH 6y.[(YTBCTpe'l:aTbC.si OHH BCTpeTRTC.sl

Table 61
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB )J(J(ATh (KOFO? FJ(E?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
11\JlaTt. (IICB)
Present tense
R )KJ(y Mbl )I{,[(eM
Tbl )K,[(erub Bbl )KJ(eTe
OH,OHa )K,[(eT OHH )KJ(YT
Past tense
H, Tbl, OH )K,[(aJI
H, Tbl, OHa )I{,[( ana
Mbl, Bbl, OHH )K,[(aJIH
Future tense
H 6y.[(y )KJ(aTb Mbl 6y.[(eM )K,[(aTb
Tbi 6y.[(eiiib )K,[(aTb Bbi 6y.[(eTe )KJ(aTb
OH, OHa 6y.[(eT )K,[(aTb OHH ~.[(yT )KJ(aTb

Remember:
The imperative of the first person plural of the perfective aspect is
formed using the word oa6aU or oa6aume and the perfective verb in the
first person plural.

,l{a6au(me) noiioeM 6 meamp! Let's go to the theater.


,l{a6au(me) 6cmpemUMcJl 6 18 t~.aco6! Let's meet at 18:00.
Jlaeau(me) nozyllJleM! Let's take a walk.
13-629
194 YpoK 13. CB060AHOE BPEMSI. nPHrnAWEHHE B rDCTH, B TEATP

The imperative of the first person plural of the imperfective aspect is


formed using the word oa8au or oa8aume and the imperfective verb in
the infinitive.
pa8au(me) CMompemb pWlbMI Let's watch a movie.
pa8au(me) zy;mmbl Let's take a walk.
Pa8au(me) maH£1e8amb! Let's dance.
Remember:
Xooumb (ryoa?) 8 zocmu. To go to someone's house.
Eblmb (zoe?) 8 zocmJIX. To be a guest at someone's house.
Table 62
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
IIPOBO/(HTb/IIPOBECTH (qTO? F/(E? C KEM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
IIJHIBO)(IIIh (1-fCB) I IIJ10BCCIII (C8)
Present tense
5I rrpOBO:>K}' Mbl IIpOBO,ll;MM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl IIpOBO,ll;Mlllb Bbl IIpOBO,ll;MTe
have no present tense.
OH, OHa IIPOBO,ll;MT OHM IIPOBOMT
Past tense
51, Tbl, OH IIpOBO,ll;MJI R, Thi, OH rrpoBen
51, Thl, OHa rrpOBO,ll;MJia R, Tbl, OHa rrpoBena
Mbl, Bbl, OHM IIPOBO,ll;MJIM Mbl, Bbl, OHM rrposenM
Future tense
5I 6y,n;y IIpOBO,ll;MTb R rrpose,n;y
Tbl 6y,n;elllb rrpOBO,ll;MTb Tbl rrpose,n;eiiib
OH,OHa 6y,n;eT IIpOBO,ll;MTb OH,OHa rrpoBe,n;eT
Mbl 6y,n;eM rrpOBO,ll;MTb Mbl rrpoBe,n;eM
Bbl 6y,n;eTe rrpOBO,ll;MTb Bbl rrpoBe,n;eTe
OHM 6y,n;yr IIpOBO,ll;MTb OHM rrpoBe,n;yT

Table 63
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Kmo? C KeM? Kmo? C KeM?
5I (co) MHOH Mbl (c) HaMM
Tbl (c) T06oi1 Bbl (c) BaMM
OH (c) HMM OHM (c) HMMM
OHa (c) HeM:
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 195

Table 64
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS WITH THE SUFFIX-OBA (-EBA)
OF THE TYPEPHCOBATh (KOFO? qTO?), TAHI(EBATh (qTO? C KEM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES
JliiCOBath (HCB) tam•cnath (IICB)
Present tense
g pMCYIO Mhl pMCyeM g TaHU:YIO Mhl TaHll;yeM
T&I pMcyeiii& Bhl pMcyeTe Thl TaHu;yeiiib Bbl TaHn;yere
OH, OHa PMCYeT OHM PMCVIOT OH OHa TaHU:VeT OHM TaHU:YIOT
Past tense
g, Thl, OH pMCOBaJI g,Thl,OH TaHu;eBan
g, Thl, OHa pMCOBaJia g, Thl, OHa TaHu;eBana
Mhl, Bhl, OHM pMCOBaJIM Mhl Bhl, OHM TaHU:eBaJIM
Future tense
g 6yJJ.Y pMCOBaTb g 6yJJ.y TaHll;eBaTb
Tbl 6yJ{eiiib pMCOBaTb Thl 6y.lleiii& TaHU:eBaT&
OH,OHa 6yJ{eT pMCOBaTb OH,OHa 6yJ{eT TaHn;eBaTb
Mbl 6yJ{eM pMCOBaTb Mhl 6yJ{eM TaHll;eBaTb
Bhl 6yJ{eTe pMCOBaTb Bhl 6yJ{eTe TaHu;eBaT&
OHM 6y.l{yr PMCOBaTb OHM 6y.l{yr TaHu;eBaTb

Table 65
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB IIETh (qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

m·•., (IICB)
Present tense
g
nOlO Mbl noeM
Tbl noeiiib Bhl no~e
OH OHa no~ OHM nOIOT
Past tense
g, Thl, OH nen
g, Tbi, OHa nena
Mhl, Bbl, OHM neJIM
Future tense
g
6y.lly neT& Mhl 6yJ{eM neT&
Thl 6yJ{eiii& neT& Bhl 6y.llere neT&
OH OHa 6y,neT neTb OHM 6y,nyr neT&
Imperative
noii! noiiTe!
196 YpoH 13. CBOiiOAHOE BPEMH. nPMrnAWEHME B rocnt, B TEATP

YnpaJHHeHMJI • Exercises

1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verb mt>amb.
ArreKceH: ... Omo 40 MHH)IT, HO OHa He rrpHIIIJia. - Koro TLI ... ? - .H
... rro.n;pyry. MLI ... Bac 3aBTpa B roCTH B 17 liacoB. 06LiliHO TaTMIHa HBa-
HOBHa ... CLIHa y IIII<Oili>I. r.n;e OHa ... Hrop.s~? CTY.n;eHTLI ... rrperro.n;aBaren.s~,
HO OH He IIpHIIIen, IIOTOMY liTO 3a6onen. ,[(oroBOpHnHCL! .H ... Te6H 3aBT-
pa B 12 liaCOB y YHHBepCHTeTa. BLI ... neHy? 0HH Bcer.n;a ... ee .n;onro.
MLI ... Te6.s~ B 14 liacoB.
2. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsBcmpe'lambCJl!Bcmpe-
mumbCR,
06LiliHO MLI ... y MeTpo. - BLI ... c KonneraMH y <PHPMLI?- HeT, .s~
... c HHMH B <i>HpMe. r.n;e H Kor.n;a MLI 3aBTpa ... ? PaHLIIIe .si liaCTO .. . c
.ZJ:PY3L.s!MH, a CeHliaC ... pe.n;KO, IIOTOMY liTO y MeHH ManO CB060.n;HOro Bpe-
MeHH. TLI c HeH: ... KIDI<,ZJ;LIH .n;eHL? Kax<eTcH, MLI c BaMH ... paHLrne? C
KeM TLI ... Bliepa B HHCTHT)ITe? Kor.n;a TLI MO:>KeiiiL ... co MHOH? neroM
OHH ... Ka)K)l;LIH .n;eHL. 0HH ... B MeTPO H IIOeXanH Ha BLICTaBKy. neHa ... C
CarneH B 14 liaCOB, H OHH IIOIIIilH B rrapK. ,[(aBaH ... y Mara3HHa B 12
liacoB! .H mo6mo ... c .n;py3LHMH. ,l.l;aBaH:Te Bcer.n;a 3.n;ecL ... ! B cne.n;yro-
IQYIO cy660TY OHH ... H IIOH.ZJ:YT B TeaTp.
3. Alter the following phrases, changing the genitive case to prepositional,
and the prepositional case to genitive.
Example: - y HHCTHT)ITa
- B HHCTHT)ITe
a) y Mara3HHa; B IIIKOne; y MeTPO; B 6aHKe; y TeaTPa; B YHHBepcHTe-
Te; y <!>HpMLI; B My3ee
6) OH )K)l;tsT ee y MeTpo . .H 6y.n;y )K)l;aTL Te6.s~ B YHHBepcHTeTe. ,ll;aBaH
BcTpeTHMCH y My3e.s~ B 14 liacoB. KonnerH Bcer.n;a BCTpeliaiOTCH B <!>HpMe.
0Ha )~()];ana ero B Mara3HHe.
4. Give antonyms of the following phrases.
Example: - B cne.n;yroiQHH rroHe.n;enLHHK
- B rrpornnLIH IIOHe.n;enLHHK
cne.n;yroiQee BOCKpeceHLe; rrpoiiiJILie BLIXO.ZJ:HLie; B cne.n;yroiQyro cy6-
6oTY; rrpornnLIH BTOpHHK; Ha cne.n;yroiQeH: He.n;ene; rrpornna.s~ IIHTHHD;a; B
cne.n;yroiQHH pa3; rrpornnLIH lieTBepr; B cne.n;yroiQyro cpe.n;y; rrponmLIH
OTrrycK; cne.n;yiOIQHe KaHHKYilLI.
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 197

5. Alter the following phrases, changing the verbs in the past tense to the
future tense, and vice versa.
Example: - flpOI.IIJibiH qeTBepr Mbl npoBeJIH Ha BbiCTaBKe.
- Cne.[{yiDIUHH qeTBepr Mbi npoBe.[{eM Ha BbiCTaBKe.
B npoumyro cy66ozy Mbi XO.[{HJIH B TeaTp. B cne.[{yromee BOCKpece-
Hbe ,ll>KOH H Po6epT noe.[{yT Ha 3KCKypCHID. B npoiiiJibiH noHe,[{eJibHHK H
6r:,ma Ha pa60Te. B cne,[{YJOIUHe BbiXO.[{Hbie Bbi 6y.[{eTe .[{OMa? Ha cne.[{y-
IDIUeii He,[{ene 6y.[{eT xono,[{HO. B npoiiiJibiH pa3 Tbi e3.[{HJI Ha 3KCKypcHIO
B Cy3.[{aJib? KaK Bbi npoBe.[{the cne,l(YJOmYJO He,[{emo? Mbi BCTpeTHJIHCb
B npoiiiJibiH qeTBepr. Cne.[{yiOIUHH OTnycK H npoBe.[{y Ha Mope. ITpoiiiJibie
KaHHKYJibi OHa npoBeJia y 6a6yiiiKH B ,[{epeBHe.
6. Give positive and negative answers to the following phrases.
Example: - ,l.(aBaJi BCTpeTHMCH y MeTpO B 18 qacOB, Tefie y,n;o6Ho?
- ,l.(a, MHe y.[{o6Ho. ,l.(oroBopHJIHCb!
- HeT, Hey.[{o6Ho. ,l.(aBaii nyqiiie BCTPeTHMCH y TeaT-
pa B 19 qacoB.
1) ny.[{y )K,ll;aTb Te6H y HHCTHryTa B 14 qacoB, Te6e y.[{06Ho?
2) ,l.(aBaiiTe noe.[{eM Ha 3KCKypCHIO B Cy3.[{aJib. Br:,I comacHbi?
3) ,l.(aBaii noii.[{eM B cy66ozy B EoJibiiiOH TeaTp. Tbi comacHa?
4) Ey.[{y )K,ll;aTb Bac y My3eH. B 15 qacoB BaM y.[{o6Ho?
5) ,l.(aBaii noii.[{eM neiiiKOM. Tr:,I comaceH?
7. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbsnpoBoOumblnpoBecmu.
KaK Bbl o6r:,IqHo ... cBo6o.[{HOe BpeMH? KaK Bbi ... npoiiiJioe BOCKpe-
ceHr:,e? HBaH lleTpoBHq qacTo ... cBo6o.[{Hoe BpeMH .[{OMa y TeJieBH3opa.
AH.[{peii H Caiiia Beer,[{a ... cy66ory Ha CTa,[{HOHe. PaHbiiie Mbl ... CB060.[{-
HOe BpeMH Ha BbiCTaBKaX, a ceJiqac ... Ha 3KCKypCHHX. l,[{e Tbl ... CJie.[{yiO-
IUHe BbiXO.[{Hbie .[{HH? HaTaiiia Bcer,[{a HHTepecHo ... cBo6o.[{Hoe BpeMH.
,l.(aBaH ... 3TOT Beqep BMeCTe! .5[ Ha,[{eiOCb, qTo CJie,[{yiOmee BOCKpeceHbe
... Ha npHpO,[{e. C KeM Bbl OfiblqHo ... CB060.[{HOe BpeMH? ,l.(aBaHTe BCer,l(a
... CB060.[{HOe BpeMH HHTepeCHO! l,[{e Bbl ... CBOH OTTIYCK? .5[ ... OTITYCK B
HcnaHHH. !.[{e OHa o6r:,IqHo ... KaHHKYJibi?
8. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs pucoBamb,
maHI(eBamb, nemb.

a)pucoeamb
- Tbi xopoiiio ... ? - ,[(a, H ... xopoiiio. !.[{e Bbi mo6HTe ... ? "liTo
Bb! ... ? PaHbiiie oHa ... nnoxo, a ceiiqac ... nyqiiie. Koro OHM ... ? B cne.[{y-
IOIUHe BbiXO.[{Hbie Oner noe,[{eT B CoqH H TaM ... Mope.
198 YpoK 13. CBO&DaHOE BPEMH. nPMrnAWEHME B rocnt, B TEATP

6) maHt~eeamb
BeqepoM R noH,z:{y Ha ,D;HCKOTeKy H .... C KeM ... JleHa? - BLI xopo-
IllO ... ? -)];a, R ... Hennoxo. PaHLIIle OH ... nnoxo, a ceiiqac ... OTJIHqHo.
qro Bhl mo6HTe ... ? AneKceii H Hrop~:. ... c no,D;pyraMH. 3aBTPa Mhl no-
e,D;eM B rOCTH H TaM ....
B) nemb
KaTR xopolllo ... ? BLI mo6HTe ... ? - TLI ... no-pyccKH?- )];a, R ...
no-pycCKH. 3TOT aPTHCT ... npeKpaCHO. PaHLIIle OHH ... TOJI:bKO no-pyc-
CKH, a cei{qac ... no-aHrJIHHCKH H no-<t>paHU)'3CKH. A CKOpO OHH ... TIO-
HTaJI:bRHCKH.
9. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verb uzpamb.
- TLI ... B TeHHHc? - HeT, R He ... B TeHHHC. Bqepa Callla H AHTOH
... B <l>YT60JI. 0Ha oqeH:b xopOII10 ... Ha TIHaHHHO. 3aBTpa BeqepOM Mhl ... B
IllaxMaThi. BLI MO)KeTe ... Ha rHTape? PaHLIIle BHKTop xopolllo ... B xoK-
Keii, a cei{qac ... TIJIOXO. JleTOM R ... B TeHHHC C.APY3LRMH. C KeM T:bl ... B
6acKeiDOJI? C KeM Bhl ... 06hlqHO B IllaXMaThi?

llttanont • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1)
- CBeTa, cKa)KH, KaK Thl o6LiqHo - Sveta, tell me how you usually
npOBO,Il;Hlll:b CB060,D;HOe BpeMR? spend your free time?
- B cy660TY H B BOCKpeceH:be R - On Saturday and Sunday I usu-
06:biqHo XO)Ky B TeaTp, B KHHO ally go to the theater, to the mov-
HJIH Ha BhlCTaBKH. lfHOr,D;a e3)KY ies or to exhibitions. Sometimes
Ha 3KCKypcHH. HanpHMep, B I go on excursions. For exam-
TipOIIlJIOe BOCKpeceHLe R XO,D;H- ple, last Sunday I went to the
Jia B EoJILIIlOH TeaTp, CMOTpena Bolshoi Theater and saw the
6aneT «Jle6e.AHHoe 03epo», a B ballet "Swan Lake", and next
cne.zzyrow;yro cy66oTY noe.Ay Ha Saturday I am going on an ex-
3KCKYPCHIO B HoBropo,D;. cursion to Novgorod.
- A qeM Thl HHTepecyelllLCR H - And what are your interests?
yBJieKaelllLCR?
- Jl oqeHL HHTepecyrocL pyCCKOH - I am very interested in Russian
HCTOpHeH H YBJieKaiOC:b M)'3hl- history and I like music.
KOH.
- A Thl HrpaelllL Ha nHaHHHO? -And do you play the piano?
- )];a, g HipaiO Ha TIHaHHHO H He- -Yes, I play the piano and the
MHOrO Ha rHTape. guitar a little.
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 199

2)
- Cepreii, r.n;e n.1 npoBeJI BLixo.n;- - Sergei, where did you spend
HLie ,[{HH? your weekend?
- B cy66oTY H BCTpeqancH c .n;py- - On Saturday I met my friends.
3bHMH. Mbi 6bmH BpecTOpaHe. We went to a restaurant. And on
A B BOCKpeceHbe H XO,[{HJI Ha Sunday I went to the stadium.
CTa,[{HOH.
- Tbi YBJieKaeiiibCH cnopToM? - Do you like sports?
-,[(a, oqeHb . ..si mo6mo CMOTpeTb - Yes, very much. I like to watch
pa3Hble COpeBHOBaHHH Ha CTa- various competitions at the sta-
,[{HOHe. dium.
- A Tbi 3aHHMaeiiibCH cnopToM? -And do you participate in
sports?
- KoHeqHo . ..si Hrparo B <PYT6on H - Of course. I play soccer and ten-
BTeHHHC, KaTaiOCb Ha JlbDKaX H nis, snow-ski and ice-skate. I
Ha KOHbKaX. ,[(Ba pa3a BbiC'I)'TiaJI twice participated in competi-
Ha copeBHOBaHHHX TIO TeHHHCy. tions in tennis.

3)
- Anno, Hpa? - Hello, Ira?
- ,[(a, 3TO H. -Yes, it's me.
- 3TO AHToH. Hpa, Tbi 3aBTPa Be- - This is Anton. Ira, are you free
qepoM cBo6o.n;Ha? tomorrow evening?
- ,[(a, cBo6o.n;Ha. - Yes, I'm free.
- ..sr xoqy npmTiaCHTb Te6H B Te- - I want to invite you to the the-
aTp. ater.
- CnacH6o 3a npHmaiiieHHe! ..sr c - Thank you for the invitation! I
y.n;OBOJibCTBHeM TIOH.n;y! would love to go to the theater!
- r.n;e H Kor.n;a Mbl BCTPeTHMCH? - Where and when will we meet?
- ,[(aBaH BCTpeTHMCH y MeTpO B 18 -Let's meet at the metro at 18:00.
qacoB.
- ,[(oroBOpHJIHCb! -All right!
- ,[(o BCTPeqH! - See you later!
4)
- 3.n;paBCTByHTe, MapTa! - Hello, Marta!
- 3.n;paBCTBYHTe, Hropb! -Hello, Igor!
- MapTa, Bbi He 3aHHThi B cy66o- - Marta, are you busy on Satur-
TY? day?
-HeT,aqTo? -No, why?
- ,[(aBaiiTe noe.n;eM B napK «Co- - Let's go to Sokolniki Park!
KOJibHHKH»!
- ,[(aBaii:Te! TaM MO:>KHO HHTe- -Let's go! There are interesting
200 YpoK 13. CB060AHOE BPEMJI. nPMrllAWEHME B rOCTM, B TEATP

peCHO rrpoBeCUI CB060JJ;HOe Bpe- things to do there. We can re-


MH. Mo)f(HO OTJJ;OXH)'Tb, rrory- lax, walk around, eat lunch.
JUITb, noo6eJJ;aTb.
- A rJJ;e Mbl BCTpeTHMcH? - And where will we meet?
- .lJ:aBai:fTe BCTpeTHMCH y Merpo - Let's meet at metro "Sokolniki".
«COKOJibHHKH».
-A KOrJJ;a? -When?
- 51.JzyMmo, qacoB B 10. BaMy,n;o6- - I think about 10:00. Is that OK?
HO?
- .n;a, yJJ;o6Ho. -Yes, that's OK.
- .lJ:orOBOpiiJIIICb! -All right!
- .n;o cy66oTLI! - See you Saturday!
5)
- .lJ:)f(OH, qTO Tbl C06HpaeiiiJ>CH -John, what are you planning to
JJ;eJiaTb B cneJJ;yrow;ee BOCKpe- do on Sunday?
ceHLe?
- HIIqero. B BOCKpeceHbe H cBo- -Nothing. On Sunday I am free.
6oJJ;eH.
- 5I xoqy npHmacHTb Te6H B roc- - I want to invite you to my house.
Til.
- CnacH6o 3a rrpiimaiiieHHe! 5I - Thank you for the invitation! I
o6H3aTeJibHO npiiJJ;y! will definitely come.
- Mbi 6yJJ;eM )f()J;aTD Te6H B 18 qa- - We will wait for you at 6:00p.m.
coB.
- .lJ:o BCTpeqii! - See you soon!
- .lJ:o CBIIJJ;aHHH! -Goodbye!
6)
- HaTaiiia, H npHmaiiiaiO Te6H - Natasha, I want to invite you to
3aBTpa B KOHCepBaTOpHIO. the conservatory tomorrow.
- Cnacii6o 3a npHmaiiieHIIe, AH,n:- -Thank you for the invitation,
peii. 5I Cy,D;OBOJibCTBHeM noil:JJ;y. Andrei. I would love to go. I
5I oqeHb JII06JIIO KJiaCCH'IeCKyiO love classical music. And when
MY3biKy. A Bo CKOJibKO Haqano does the concert start?
KOHIJ;epra?
- Haqano B 19 qacoB. Mbi BCTpe- - I t starts at 19:00. We will meet
THMCH y Merpo? at the metro?
- HeT, JJ;aBaii nyqiiie y KOHcepBa- -No, let's meet at the conserva-
TOpiiH. tory.
-A BO CKOJibKo? B 18.30 Te6e -What time? Is 18:30 OK?
yJJ;o6Ho?
- HeT, He oqeHJ>. Jlyqiiie B 18.45. -No, better at 18:45.
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 201

- ,1J;oroBOp11JII1Cb, B 18.45 y KOH- -All right, at 18:45 at the con-


cepBaTOp1111. servatory.
- ,ll;o 3aBrpa! - See you tomorrow!
7)
- Omi, H np11marnaro re6H 3aBrpa - Olya, I would like to invite you
Brearp. to the theater tomorrow.
- M3BHHH, K CO)KaJieHHIO, 3aBrpa - Sorry, but unfortunately I am
5I 3aH5ITa, 5I H.I(y B fOCTH K llO.I(- busy. I am going to my friend's
pyre. house.
- QqeHb )KaJIIr! Hy, B .npyroH: pa3! - Too bad. Well, another time.
- Cnac116o 3a npHmarneHHe! M3- - Thank you for the invitation!
BHHH ell(e pa3! Again, I'm sorry.
8)
- IOpa, Thl xoqernir noil:TH co - Yura, do you want to go with me
MHOH B U:HpK? to the circus?
-Kor.na? -When?
- Cero.nHH. -Today.
- M3BHHH, cero.nHH H oqeHJ:r 3aHHT - I'm sorry, today I am very busy,
11, KCO)KaJieHHIO, He MOry llOH- and unfortunately I cannot go.
TH.
- Hy, HHqero. - Oh well.
- M3BHHH ell(e pa1! -Again, I'm sorry!
9)
- CnaBa, xoqernb 3aBTpa noexaTb - Slava, do you want to go on an
Ha 3KCKypcHIO B Cy3.nanir? excursion tomorrow to Suzdal?
- A Kor.na 3KCKypcHH? - When is the excursion?
- 3aBTpa B 10 qacoB. -Tomorrow at 10:00.
- 3aBTpa B 10 qaCOB 51 He MOry. Y -Tomorrow at 10:00 I can't. I
MeH5I JieKU:HH. have a lecture.
- )l{anJ:r, Hy noe.neiiib B cne.nyro- - Too bad. Well, next time.
Il(HH pa3!
10)
- MapTa, MO)KeT 6J:riTb, Mbi noH:- -Marta, maybe we'll go to the
.neM BnapK norynHTb? park for a walk?
- 5£ He Mory, ,lJ;)KHM. Y MeHH MHO- - I can't, Jim. I have a lot of work.
ro pa6oTiri. Mo)KeT 6IriTb, 3aBT- Maybe tomorrow?
pa?
- ,ll;aBaH: 3aBTpa! - OK, let's go tomorrow.
11)
- KapHH, Biri 3HaeTe, qTo B cpe.ny - Karen, did you know that there
6y.neT 3KCKypC115I? will be an excursion on Wednes-
day?
202 YpoK 13. CBO&OAHOE BPEMR. nPMrnAWEHME B rornt, B TEATP

- HeT, He 3Haro. A K)'.n;a 3KCK)'p- -No, I didn't. An excursion


cmi? where?
-B Mf'Y. -ToMGU.
- 0,3TOOqeHbHHTepeCHO.Jl.n;aB- - Oh, that's interesting. I have
HO XOTeJia rroexaTb Ha 3TY 3KC- wanted to go on that excursion
KypCHIO. A Kor.n;a H r.n;e MLI for a long time. When and where
BCTpeqaeMCH? are we meeting?
- MLI BCTpeqaeMcH B 10 qacoB y -We will meet at 10:00 at metro
MeTpo «YHHBepcHTeT». "University".
- CrracH6o, qTo CKa3an, Carna. - Thanks for telling me, Sasha.
-He3a qro! -You are welcome!
2. Invite your friend to the theater, the movies, or to your house. Agree on a
time to meet.
3. You have been invited to someone's house and to the theater. Accept the
invitation, and thank your friend. Decline the invitation, explain why
you cannot go, say that you're sorry.
4. Ask your friends how they spent their week, and what they are planning
to do next week.
5. Tell how you spent last week, and what you are planning to do this week.

TeeT • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 5)
- f'.n;e Bbl IIpOBeJIH BbiXO){HLie - BarnH .n;py3LH xoporno TaH-
){HH? uyiDT?

2) 6)
- f'.n;e H KOr.n;a Bbl BCTpeTHTeCL C - KaKHe rrecHH BaM HpaBHTCH?
.n;pyroM?

3) 7)
- qTO BLI JII06HTe ){eJiaTL B CB0- - Ky.n;a BLI co6HpaeTecb rroiiTH Ha
60){HOe BpeMH? cne.n;yiDIUe:H He.n;ene?

4) 8)
- Bbi MO)KeTe pHcoBaTL? - Bhl MO)KeTe HrpaTL BrnaxMaTLI?
Lesson 13. FREE TIME. INVITATIONS TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE, TO THE THEATER 203

9) 10)
- BLI o6LI'IHO BC'TpetiaeTecL c - Y Bac MHoro CBo6o,n;Horo
JlPY3MIMH B Me'TpO HnH y MeTpO? BpeMeHH? IIotieMy?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)

- ,[{aBaH BCT}JeTHMC.H y MeTpO B 10 - C y,n;OBOnLCTBHeM!


qacoB.
2) 7)

- OtieHL iKanL! Hy, B,n;pyrou pa3! - OH xo,n;Hn B My3eu IIywKHHa, a


BetiepoM B rocTH.
3) 8)

- KoHu;epT Ha'lHHaeTc.H B 19 qa- - ,[{oroBopHnHCL!


COB.
4) 9)

- B npoWJiyro cy66ozy MLI e3,n;H- - HeT, MHe He otieHL y,n;o6Ho.


nH B Cy3,n;anL.
~ 1~

-,[{a, .H Mory HrpaTL Ha nHaHHHO - M3BHHH, cero,n;H.H .H otieHL


H Ha rHTape. 3aH.HTa.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 13.


YpoH 14 • Lesson 14

XoddM. Yane'leHMJI • Hobbies. Interests

neHCHHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

3aHHMaTbCH to do
qeM Bbl 3aHHMaeTeCb BCB066,n;Hoe What do you do in your free time?
BpeMH?
.513aHHMa10Cb CnOpTOM. I play sports .
BH,n; cn6pm type of sport
KaK6ii Barn JII06MMI>IM BH.n; cn6PTa? What is your favorite type of sport?
CMOTpeTh copeBHOBaHHH to watch competitions
BbiCTynaTb Ha copeBHOBaHHHX to participate in competitions
copeBHoBaHHH no <l>yr66ny soccer competitions
no TeHHHCY tennis competitions
HHTepeCOBaTbCH to be interested in
qeM Bbi HHTepecyeTeCb? What are you interested in?
.5I HHTepecyiOc& JIHTepazypoii. I am interested in literature .
yBnedThCH to be fascinated by
qeM BI>I yBneKaeTec&? What fascinates you?
.5I yBneKaiOc& TeaTpoM. I am fascinated by theater.
KaK6e y Bac (y Tefijf) x666H? What are your hobbies?
Moe x666H - KHH6. My hobby is cinema.

KTO Balli (TBOH) JI106MMbiM KOM- What is your favorite composer?


n03HTOp?
Moii JI106MMbiM KOMn03MTOp - My favorite composer is Mozart.
M6QapT.
aprncT/apTHCTKa actor/actress
CnOpTCMeH/CnOPTCMeHKa sportsman/sportswoman
nHcllTeJib writer
no3T poet
xy,n;O:>KHHK artist
neBeQ/neBJiQa singer (m. and f.)
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 205

H3BeCTHbiH famous
JIHTeparypa literature
II033HH poetry
CTHXH poems
np63a prose
work
by heart
to know poems by heart

HCKYCCTBO art
>KHBOIIHCb pictorial art
KapTHHa picture

Te!iTp theater
6nepa opera
6aJI6T ballet
KJiaccJiqecKaH MY3biKa classical music
cospeMeHHaH M}'3biKa modem music
KOHCepBaTOpHH conservatory
KYJILrypa culture
HCTOpHH history

KOJIJieKqHOHHpOBaTb to collect
KOJIJieKqHH collection
co6HphL/co6paTL to gather, collect
JI C06HpaiO MapKH I collect stamps
OTKpLITKH postcards
tPOTOrpatPHH photographs
asT6rpa<P autograph
IIOJiyqaTb/IIoJiyqHTb aBTOrpa<P to get a signature

roTOBHTb/npHroTOBHTb to cook, prepare


.5I mo6m6 roT6BHTb. I love to cook.
.5I Mory xoporn6 roT6BHTb. I can cook well .

peqem recipe
peqem 6m6,21;a recipe of a dish
national cooking
H TO, H ,21;pyr6e both
He TOJILKO ... , Ho H ... not only ... , but ...
HMeHHO namely
206 YpoK14.X066M.YBnE~EHMH

rpaMMaTHHa • Grammar
Table 66
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
3AHHMATbCH/YBJIEKATbCH (KEM? r[EM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

JaHHl\Ja 1 hen (II CB) I YBJICI~~lThCH (HCB)


Present tense
j{ 3aHHMaiOCL j{ yBneKaiOCL
TLI 3aHHMaeiiiLCj{ TLI yBneKaeiiiLcg
OH,OHa 3aHHMaeTCj{ OH,OHa YBneKaeTcg
MLI 3aHHMaeMcg MLI YBneKaeMcg
BLI 3aHHMaeTeCL BLI yBneKaeTecL
OHH 3aHHMaiOTCj{ OHH yBneKaiOTCj{
Past tense
g, TLI, OH JaHHMancg g, TLI, OH yBneKancg
g, TLI, OHa JaHHManacL g, TLI, OHa yBneKanacL
MLI, BLI, OHH 3aHHManHCL MLI, BLI, OHH yBneKanHCL
Future tense
j{ 6y.n:y 3aHHMaTLCj{ j{ 6y.n:y yBneKaTLCj{
TLI 6y.n:eiiiL 3aHHMaTLCj{ TLI 6y.n:eiiiL YBneKaTLcg
OH,OHa 6y.n:eT 3aHHMaTLCg OH,OHa 6y.ZJ:eT yBneKaTLCj{
MLI 6y.n:eM 3aHHMaTLCj{ MLI 6y.n:eMyBneKaTLCj{
BLI 6y.n:eTe 3aHHMaTLCj{ BLI 6y.n:eTe yBneKaTLCj{
OHH 6Y.ZJ:YT 3aHHMaTLcg OHH ~.ZJ:YT YBneKaTLcg

Table 67
CONJUGATION OF THE VERB HHTEPECOBATbCH (KEM? r[EM?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

IIIIICJ>CCtiB:llhCSI (1-JCB)
Present tense
g HHTepecyrocL MLI HHTepecyeMCj{
TLI HHTepecyeiiiLCj{ BLI HHTepecyeTeCL
OH, OHa HHTepec_yeTCg OHH HHTepecyiOTCj{
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 207

Continued
mnepeconaThCSI (HCB)
Past tense
H, Tbi, OH HHTepeCOBaJICH
H, Tbl, oHa HHTepecoBanaco
Mbi, Bbl, OHH HHTepeCOBaJIHCb
Future tense
H 6y)J;y HHTepeCOBaTbCH Mbl 6y)J;eMHHTepeCOBaTbCH
Tbl 6y,ll;eiiib HHTepecoBaTbC}I Bbl 6y)J;eTe HHTepeCOBaTbCH
OH, OHa 6y,ll;eT HHTepeCOBaTbCH OHH 6y,ll;yT HHTepeCOBaTbCH

Table 68
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS FOTOBHTh/llPHFOTOBHTh (lfTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

f'OTOBIHh (HCB)
I II(JIII'OTOBIITh (CB)
Present tense
H rOTOBJIIO Mbl rOTOBHM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl rOTOBHIIIb Bbl rOTOBHTe
have no present tense.
OH, OHa rOTOBHT OHH rOTOBHT

Past tense
H, Tbi, OH rOTOBHJI H, Tbi, OH npHrOTOBHJI

H, Tbi, OHa rOTOBHJia H, Tbl, OHa npHrOTOBHJia

Mbl, Bbi, OHH rOTOBHJIH Mbl, Bbl, OHH npHrOTOBHJIH

Future tense
H 6y)J;y rOTOBHTb H npHrOTOBJIIO

Tbl 6y,ll;eiiib rOTOBHTb Tbl npHrOTOBHIIIb

OH,OHa 6y)J;eT rOTOBHTb OH,OHa npHrOTOBHT

Mbl 6y)J;eM rOTOBHTb Mbl npHrOTOBHM

Bbl 6y)J;eTe rOTOBHTb Bbl npHrOTOBHTe

OHH 6y)J;YT rOTOBHTb OHH npHrOTOBHT


208 YPOK14.XO&&M.YBnEqEHMH

Table 69
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS
(WITH THE VERBS HHTEPECOBAThCH, YBJIEKAThCR,
3AHHMAThCR- qEM?)
Nominative case Instrumental case
Masculine
en opT crropToM
cpyT60JI cpyT60JIOM
TeHHHC TeHHHCOM
XOKKeH XOKKeeM
Feminine
MYJI>IKa MY3biKOH
JIHrepazypa JIHTepazypoH:
KYJII>Typa KYJII>TYPOH
HCTOpH11 HCTOpHeH
:>KHBOITHCb :>KHBOITHCblO
Neuter
HCKVCCTBO HCKVCCTBOM
Plural
IIIaxMaTbi rnaxMaTaMH
MapKH MapKaMH
aBTOM06HJIH aBTOM06HJI11MH

Table 70
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL ADJECTIVES
Nominative case Instrumental case
Masculine
KaKou? (C) KaKUM?
HOBbiH HOBbiM
COBpeMeHHbiH COBpeMeHHbiM
pyccKHH pycCKHM
aHrJIHHCKHH aHrJIHHCKHM
XOPOIIIHH XOPOIIIHM
Feminine
KaKaR? (C) KaKou?
HOBa11 HOBOH
COBpeMeHHa1! COBpeMeHHOH
pyccKax pyccKOH
XOPOIIIaH xoporneH:
Neuter
KaKoe? (C) KaKUM?
HOBOe HOBbiM
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 209

Continued
Nominative case Instrumental case
coBpeMemme COBpeMeHHbiM
pyccKoe pyccKHM
xopornee XOPOIIIHM
Plural
KaKUe? (C) T<.al<.UMU?
HOBhle HOBhlMH
pyccKHe pyccKHMH
xopoiiiHe XOPOIIIHMH
Remember:
• Masculine adjectives in the instrumental singular have the ending
-UM in cases where the nominative singular ends in -uu.
• Feminine adjectives in the instrumental singular have the ending
-eu in cases where the base of the adjective is soft or if it ends in ut, ;)IC.
• Neuter adjectives in the instrumental singular have the same end-
ings as masculine adjectives.
• Plural adjectives of all genders in the instrumental have the end-
ings -blMU, or -UMu if the nominative plural ends in -ue.
Table 71
INSTRUMENTAL CASE OF SINGULAR AND PLURAL
ADJECTIVES AND NOUNS, AS AFTER THE VERBS
HHTEPECOBAThCH, YBJIEKAThCH, 3AHHMAThCH ([[EM?)
Nominative case Instrumental case
Masculine
COBpeMeHHbiH CIIOpT COBpeMeHHLIM CIIOpTOM
aHrJUIHCKHH ji3biK aHrnHHCKHM ji3biKOM
pyCCKHH XOKKeH pyCCKHM XOKKeeM
Feminine
COBpeMeHH~ llHTepaTypa COBpeMeHHOH llHTepaTypOH
aHrnHHCK~ M)'3biKa aurnHHCKOH MY3I>IKOH
IPYCCK~ HCTOPHjl PYCCKOH HCTOPHeH
Neuter
COBpeMeHHOe HCKYCCTBO ~~~~peMeHHbiM HCKYCCTBOM
IpyccKoe HCKyccTBO CCKHM HCKYCCTBOM
Plural
CTapbie MapKH CTapbiMH MapKaMH
HOBbie aBTOM06HnH HOBbiMH aBTOM06Hllj!MH
IpyccKHe rrHcaTenH IpyccKHMH rrHcaTellj!MH
14-619
210 YpoK14.X066M.YBnE~EHMft

Table 72
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF PLURAL NOUNS,
AS AFTER THE VERBS EhiTh (FJ(E?),
FOBOPHTh (0 KOM? 0 q£M?), J(YMATb (0 KOM? 0 q£M?)

Nominative case Prepositional case


LJmo? Toe? 0 KOM? 0 tteM?
TeaTphi (B) TeaTPaX
BhiCTaBKli (Ha) BhiCTaBKaX
crreKTaKJIH (Ha) crreKTaKJIHX
copeBHOBaHli5:! (Ha)copeBHOBaHli5IX
,L\py3h5:! (0) ,L\py3h5IX
pO,[(liTeJIH (0) pO,L\liTeJIHX
CTPaHhi (o) CTPaHax
IIliCbMa (0) IIliChMaX
KH11Tli (o) KHHrax

Remember:
The ending -m: in the prepositional plural will be in words which end
in -u or -R in the nominative plural.

Table 73
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF PLURAL ADJECTIVES

Nominative case Prepositional case


KaKue? (0, e, Ha) KaKux?
HOBbie HOBhiX
cTaphie CTapbiX
liHTepeCHbie liHTepeCHhiX
pyccKHe pyCCKliX
MOCKOBCKHe MOCKOBCKliX
xoporrme xoporrmx

Remember:
The ending -ux in the prepositional plural will occur when the no-
minative plural ends in -ue.
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 211

Table 74
SUMMARY OF PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF NOUNS
AND ADJECTIVES IN THE SINGULAR AND PLURAL
Nominative case Prepositional case
HHTepeCHbie BbiCTaBKH (Ha) HHTepeCHbiX BbiCTaBKaX
MOCKOBCKHe Tearpbl (B) MOCKOBCKHX Tearpax
CIIOpTHBHbie COpeBHOBaHHH (Ha) CIIOpTHBHbiX COpeBHOBaHHHX
xoponme .n:py3hH ( o) xopornHx .n:py3hHX
HOBbie KHHrH I ( o) HOBbiX KHHrax

YnpaJHHeHMJI • Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms ofthe verbS3aHUMambCR, unmepe-
coaambCJI, yalleKambCJI.

a) 3aHUMambCfl
- Bbi ... crropToM? - ,ll;a, JI ... crropTOM. OH ... pyccKHM H3hiKOM
Ka:>K.[(biH )J,eHb. PaHhiiie Mhi ... pyccKoii JIHTeparypo:H:, a ce:iiqac He ....
lleM Tbl ... B CB060)J,HOe BpeMJI? - 3aBTpa Bbl ... aHrJIHHCKHM J13J:.IKOM?
- KoHeqHo, 3aBTpa H .•. aHrJIHHCKHM H3biKOM. lleM Thi Bqepa ... ? 0Ha ...
MY3biKoii? MoH )J.py3hH ... TeHHHCOM, a paHI>rne OHH ... IPYT6onoM.
6) UHmepecoeambcfl
-lleM Bbi ... ? - .5I ... TeaTpOM. OH ... coBpeMeHHOH MY3biKOH. PaHh-
rne Mbi He ... pyccKHM HCKYCCTBOM, a ce:iiqac oqeHb .... lleM OHH ... ? Tbi
... KJiaccHqecKoii MY3biKoii? PaHbiiie aHa ... 6aneToM, a ce:iiqac He ... .
B) yelleKambcfl
I1ropb ... pycCKOH II033HeH, a era )J.py3bH ... pyccKHM HCKYCCTBOM.
- lleM Bbi ... ? - .5I ... HCTOpHeii. - Tbi ... crropTOM?- PaHbrne H •.• , HO
ce:H:qac HeT. JleHa ... KJiacc:HqecKo:H: MY3hiKOH. PaHbrne Mbi ... TeaTpoM, a
ce:iiqac ... KHHO.
2. Put the words in parentheses into the instrumental case.
B cBo6o)J,HOe BpeMH H 3aHHMaiOcb (crropT). HaTarna yBJieKaeTcH
(KJiacc:HqecKaH MY3biKa). Tbi HHTepecyernbCH (cpYT6on, xoKKeii)? Po6epT
3aHHMaeTcH (pyccKHH H3hiK), a AH.n:pe:H: (aHrJIHHCKHH H3biK). MI>I
HHTepecyeMCH (HTaJibHHCKaH JIHTeparypa H pyccKoe HCKyccTBO ). Bbi HH-
TepecyeTeCb (rnaxMaTbi)? ,ll;:>KHM 3aHHMaeTcH (pyccKaH HCTOpHH). Bhi
yBneKaeTeCb ( aBTOM06HnH)?
212 YpoK14. X066H.YBnE~EHHft

3. Answer the questions.


KTO Barn mo6HMhiH nHcaTeJih? KTo ero mo6HMbiH cnopTCMeH? KTo
ee mo6HMbiH xy.Ao:>KHHK? KTo Hx mo6HMbiH apTHCT? KaKaJI MY3biKa BaM
HpaBHTc.s~? KaKOH Barn mo6HMhiH BH.A cnopra? ~oHy HpaBHTC5! pyc-
CKaJI JIHTeparypa? MapTe HpaBHTC5! HTaJib.IIHCKaJI :>KHBorrHCb?

4. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbzomoBumblnpuzomoBumb.


MaMa ... ,AeT.IIM 3aBTpaK H nornna Ha pa6ory. KTo ... o6e.A B cne.AyiO-
mee BOCKpeceHbe? Tbi MO:>Kernh ... ? 5I ... oqeHh BKYCHO. l1Homa Mbi ... Ha
o6e.A M.IICO c oBomaMH. PaHhrne MapHHa ... He oqeHh xoporno, HO ceifqac
OHa ... OTmrqHO. 1.JTO BaM ... Ha 3aBTpaK? MoH .D:PY3b.II BCer.n:a ... OpH-
rHHaJibHbie 6nro.n:a. Bbi xoporno ... ? 3aBTpa Ha Y:>KHH .11 ... pbi6y c coy coM.
KTO ... o6e.A B npornnoe BOCKpeceHhe? Ecmr HHHa He 6y.n:eT pa6oTaTh,
OHa Ka:>K,AbiH ,ll;eHb ... pa3Hbie 6JIIO,Aa.

5. Fill in the blanks.


a) Hropb HHTepecyeTC.II He TOJihKO TeaTpoM, HO H .... HaTarna JII06HT
He TOJibKO KJiaCcHqecKyiO, HO H .... MHe HpaBHTC.II He TOJibKO rrpo3a, HO
H .... Mbi HrpaeM He TOJibKO B XOKKeH, HO H .... 5I JII06JIIO He TOJibKO
onepy, HO H .... MoM .APY3b5! 3aHHMaiOTC.II He TOJibKO cnopTOM, HO H ....
MoH pO.D:HTeJIH 6bmH He TOJibKO B MocKBe, HO H .... 5I 6bm He TOJihKO B
EonhrnoM TeaTpe, HO H ....

6) On.II nro6HT He TOJibKO ... , HO H .... 0HH 3aHHMaiOTC.II He TOJib-


KO ... , HO H .... JleHa 6hma He TOJibKO ... , HO H .... Mbi KyrrHJIH He TOJibKO
... , HO H .... Cry.n:eHTbi OT.LJ:biXaiOT He TOJihKO ... , HO H .... B MocKBe
XOJIO,ll;HO He TOJibKO ... , HO H ....

6. Put the words in parentheses into the prepositional case plural.


Bhl 6b!JIH (3KCKypcHH) B Cy3.n:ane H CepmeBoM lloca,Ae? AHTOH
HHOr,Aa BhlcTynaeT (copeBHOBaHH.II) no TeHHHcy. Mbi roBopHJIH o noro.n:e
(pa3Hbie CTpaHbi). 5I qacTO .D:YMaiO (pO.D:HTeJIH H .APY3b.si). JlroqH.II 6biJia
(MOCKOBCKHe TeaTpbi). 0HH rOBOp.IIT (HOBbie KHHrH). ~:>KHM .LJ:YMaeT (Tpy.D:-
Hble ynpa:>KHeHH.II). Tbi q~:~TaJI KHHry (pyccKHe cnopTcMeHbi)? MapTa
HaiiHCaJia TeKCT (JII06HMbie apTHCTbi). Bbi 6biJIH (BbiCTaBKH) liJibH rna-
3YHOBa?

7. Answer the questions.


B KaKHX TeaTpax Bbi 6bmH? 0 KaKHX pyccKHX crropTcMeHax Bbi q~:~­
TaJIH? Ha KaKHx 3KCKypCH.IIX 6bmH' Barn~:~ .n:py3b.s~? 0 KaKHX .n:py3h5IX Bbi
HarrHCaJIH rrHCbMO? B KaKHX Mara3HHax Bbi 6bmH? B KaKHX My3e.IIx 6biJIH
BarnH .APY3b.II? 0 KaKHX KHHrax Bbl rOBOpHTe?
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 213

.QHanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.

1)
- BHKTop, qTo TLI mo6HIIIb .n;e- - Victor, what do you like to do
naTb B CB060)J;HOe BpeMR? in your free time?
- B cBo6o.n;Hoe BpeMR R mo6mo - In my free time I like to listen to
cnyiiiaTL MY3LIKy. music.
- A KaKyro MY3biKY Tbi mo6HIIIb? -What kind of music do you like?
- oOJibiiie BCero Jl JII06JIIO KJiaC- - Most of all I like classical mu-
CHqeceyiO MY3I>Iey. sic.
- A KTO TBOH mo6HMbiH KOMno- - Who is your favorite composer?
3HTop?
- Moif nro6HMbiH KOMTI03HTop- - My favorite composer is Chai-
"llaHKOBCKHH. kovskiy.
- A coBpeMeHHM MY3biKa Te6e He - Do you like modem music?
HpaBHTCJ!?
- XopoiiiM coBpeMeHHM MY3LIKa - I also like good modem music,
MHe TO:>Ke HpaBHTCJI, HO MeHb- but less than classical.
IIIe, qeM KJiaccHqecKM.
- A r.n;e Tbi CJIYIIIaeiiib MY3biKy: - And where do you listen to mu-
,ll;OMa HJIH B KOHCepBaTOpHH? sic -at home or at the conser-
vatory?
- B Bhlxo.n;HI>Ie .n;HH R o6LiqHo - On weekends I usually go to the
XO:>KY B KOHCepBaTOpHIO HJIH B conservatory or the theater. At
TeaTp. ,[(oMa R TO:>Ke qacro cny- home I also listen to music;
IIIaiO MY3biKy, y MeHR ecTb xo- I have good records.
poiiiHe TIJiaCTHHKH.
2)
- HaTaiiia, qTo Tbi JII06HIIIb .n;e- - Natasha, what do you like to do
naTb B CB060)J;HOe BpeMR? in your free time?
- JI JII06JIIO qHTaTb KHHrH. - I like to read books.
- A qro Tbi 6oJibiiie JII06HIIIb qH- - What do you like to read most
TaTb: TI033HIO HJIH np03y? of all: poetry or prose?
- JI qHTaiO H TO, H .n;pyroe, HO - I read both, but I like poetry
60Jibiiie MHe HpaBHTCJI TI033HJI. more.
- A KTO TBOH JII06HMbiH TI03T? - And who is your favorite poet?
- Moif JII06HMbiH no3T - J1ep- - My favorite poet is Lermontov.
MOHTOB.
- A Tbi 3Haeiiib ero CTHXH HaM- - Do you know his poetry by
3YCTb? heart?
214 YpoK14.X055H.YBnE~EHHH

- KoHeqHo. 5I 3HaiO HmnycTb He - Of course. I know not only his


TOJibKO ero CTHXH, HO H CTHXH poetry by heart, but the poetry
,ll;pymx II03TOB. of other poets.
- A coBpeMeHHyiO rro33HIO Tbi - Do you like modem poetry?
JII06HIIIb 7
- ,ll;a, COBpeMeHHa.H II033HJI MHe -Yes, I like modem poetry. There
HpaBHTCJI. Ecn, oqeHb HHTepec- are interesting verses.
Hble CTHXH.
3)
- Cepreil EopHcOBHq, a qeM BI.I - Sergei Borisovich, what do you
3aHHMaeTeCb B CB060,!J;HOe Bpe- do in your free time?
MJI?
- Y MeHJI, K CO:II<aJieHHIO, MaJIO - I have little free time, unfortu-
CB060)J;HOrO BpeMeHH, HO eCJIH nately, but when I do, I draw, go
eCTb, Jl pHCYIQ, XO)I(y Ha BbiCTaB- to exhibitions and fairs.
KH H BepHHCa)I(H.
- BI.I HHTepecyeTeci. )I(HBOIIHCI.IO? - Are you interested in drawing?
- ,ll;a, )l(lfBOIIHCb MOe CaMOe 60Jib- -Yes, drawing is my favorite pas-
IIIOe YBJieqeHHe. time.
-A KTO BaiiiH JII06HMI.Ie xy,ll;O)I(- - And who is your favorite artist?
HHKH?
- MHe HpaBHTCJI PeM6paH,ll;T, Jie- - I like Rembrandt, Leonardo da
oHap,ll;o ,ll;a BHHqH, HO 6oJII.IIIe Vinci, but most of all I like Rus-
BCero MHe HpaBJITCJI pyCCKHe sian artists: Perov, Vasnetsov,
xy,ll;O)I(HHKH: IIepoB, BacHe:uoB, Levitan, Repin and others.
JleBHTaH, PerrHH H,ll;pyrHe.
- A coBpeMeHHM )I(HBOIIHCb BaM - Do you like modem art?
HpaBHTCJI?
- MHe HpaBHTCJI M.n:I.H f'na3yHoB, - I like Ilya Glazunov, but not all
HO He BCe ero KapTHHbl. of his pictures.
- A a.BaHrap,ll;Hble rrpoH3Be,ll;eHHH? - And avant-guard works?
- HeT, aBaHrap,ll; MHe He HpaBHTCJI. -No, I do not like avant-guard.
4)
- AHTOH, qeM Tbi 3aHHMaeiiii.CJI B - Anton, what do you do in your
CB060)J;HOC BpeMH? free time?
- 5I 3aHHMaiOCb CIIOpTOM. - I play sports.
- A KaKHM BH,ll;OM crropTa TI.I 3a- -What kind of sports do you
HHMaerni.cH? play?
-KapaT3. -Karate.
-0, 3TO HHTepeCHO H, HaBepHO, - Oh, that's an interesting sport, and
Tpy,ll;HO. A CKOJII.KO neT TI.I 3a- difficult probably. How many
HHMaeiiii.CJI KapaT37 years have you studied karate?
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 215

- Y)l(e 7 neT. - 7 years already.


-A Tbi sblcTynan Ha copes- - Have you participated in com-
Hosamurx? petitions?
- KoHeqHo . ..si sblcrynan Ha 6onb- - Of course. I participated in a big
UIOM rypmrpe s MocKse, a cKo- tournament in Moscow, and
po noe.n;y Ha Me)l(.n;yHapo.n;HbiH soon I'll go to an international
rypmtp s IIapH)I(. tournament in Paris.
- A Tbl mo6HUib CMOTpeTb copes- - Do you like to watch competi-
HosaHHH no TenesH3opy HnH Ha tions on television or at the sta-
CTa,l.l;HOHe? dium?
- KoHeqHo, mo6mo, oco6eHHO -Of course, I especially like com-
copesHosaHHH no ci>YT6ony Hno petitions in soccer and in hoc-
XOKKeiO. key.
5)
- JiroqHH, y sac ecTb xo66H? - Lucia, do you have a hobby?
-,ll;a, ecTb. -Yes.
-AKaKoe? -What?
- Moe xo66H - TeaTp . ..si oqeHb - My hobby is the theater. I love
nro6n10 XO.n;HTb S TeaTPbl, CMOT- to go to the theater, watch
peTb cneKTaKnH, onepbi, 6ane- shows, operas, ballets. I like
Tbi. MHe HpasHTCH pyccKHH 6a- Russian ballet. And also I col-
neT. A ern;e H co6Hparo cpororpa- lect photographs of actors, the-
cpHH apTHCTOS, TeaTpanbHble ater posters and programs, ev-
acpHUIH HnporpaMMKH, see-see erything about the theater. I al-
o TeaTpe. Y MeHH Y*e 6onbiiiaH ready have a big collection.
KOnneKQHH.
- A S MOCKOSCKHX TeaTpax Sbl - Have you been to Moscow the-
6bmH? aters?
- KoHeqHo, 6Mna. - Of course I have.
-AsKaKHX? - Which ones?
- B Eoni>UIOM, s ManoM, s TeaT- - At the Bolshoi, Maliy, the Sat-
pe caTHpbi H s .n;pyrHx . ..si ,l.l;a)l(e ire Theater and others. I have
6I>ma s My3ee TeaTpani>Horo even been to the museum of the-
HCKyCCTBa. ater art.
- A qTo Sbl CMQTPenH s EonbUIOM - What did you see at the Bolshoi
TeaTPe? Theater?
- Onepy «EsreHHH 0HerHH» H - The opera "Eugene Onegin" and
6aneT «)I{HJeni>». the ballet "Giselle".
- BaM noHpasHnocb? - Did you like them?
- OqeHb. IIpeKpacHI>Ie aPTHCTbi, - Very much. Excellent perform-
KpacHsaH MY3biKa! ers, beautiful music!
- Bbi ceifqac co6HpaeTe H cpoTO- - Do you collect photographs of
rpacpHH MOCKOSCKHX aP™CTOS? Moscow actors?
216 YpoK14.XO&&H.YBnE~EHHR

- ,ll;a, co6Hparo. A He,ll;aBHO g rro- -Yes, I do. Not long ago, I got a
nyqHna aBTOrpa!)? H3BeCTHOrO signature of a famous actor. He
apmcTa. Ero xopomo 3HaiOT H is well-known also in Italy. And
y Hac B HTanHH. H TerrepL g now I collect not only photos,
KOnneK.UHOHHpyro He TOHLKO but also autographs.
!)?oro, HO H aBTOrpa!)?LI.
6)
- ,ll;HMa, y Te6g ecTL xo66H? - Dima, do you have a hobby?
- Moe xo66H- KynHHapHjl. - My hobby is cooking.
- KynHHapHjl? MYJK'IHHa HKYHH- ..--- Cooking? A man who cooks?
HapHg? 3TO y)J;HBHTenLHO. , That's surprising.
- HeT, 3TO He )')J;HBHTenLHO. Xo- -No, it's not surprising. Men can
pomH:H KYHHHap HMeHHO MYJK- be good cooks. I love to cook. I
'IHHa. 5I nro6nro roTOBHTL. H know how to prepare a variety
Mory xopomo rrpHroTOBHTL pa3- of dishes.
HLie 6nro)J;a.
- A TLI co6HpaemL KaKHe-HH6)')J;L - Do you collect recipes?
KYHHHapHLie peuerrTLI?
- ,ll;a, y MeHg YJKe ecTL 6onLmag -Yes, I already have a large col-
KonneKUHg, lection.
- A KaKag HauHoHanLHag KyXHj! - What national cooking do you
re6e HpaBHTcg? like?
- KoHe'IHO, pyccKag, PyccKHe -Russian of course. Russian
6nro,ll;a O'leHL opHrHHanLHLie, cooking is very unique, deli-
BKYCHLie H rrone3HLie. cious and healthy.
- A 'ITO TLI nro6HmL roTOBHTL - What do you like to prepare
6onLme Bcero? most of all?
- Jl mo6mo rOTOBHTL MjJCHLie - I like to make meat dishes. So, I
6niO,ll;a. TaK 'ITO rrpHmamaro B invite you to come to my house!
rocTH!
- CrracH6o 3a rrpHrnameHHe! - Thank you for the invitation! I
Q6g3aTenLHO IIpH,ll;y! will definitely come.

7) l[mo mbl.MO:J/Ceutb oeJlamb? What can you do?


- KocTg, TLI roBopHmL rro-aHr- - Kostya, you speak English and
nHHCKH H rro-!)?paHUY3CKH. TLI French. You study Spanish.
}"'HillL HCIIaHCKHH ji3LJK. qTO What else can you do?
TLI elll;e MO)KeillL ,ll;enaTL?
- Jl MOry HrpaTL BTeHHHC, MOry - I play tennis, swim, play soccer
rrnaBaTL, xopomo Hrparo B<l?YT- and hockey well, and can snow-
6on H B XOKKeH, MOry KaTaTLcg ski.
HanLI)Kax.
Lesson 14. HOBBIES. INTERESTS 217

-0, Tbi cnopTcMeH! A qTo Tbl - Oh, an athlete! And what else
e~e MO)Kerno .n;enaTo? can you do?
- JI Mory neTb, HrpaTb Ha rHTape - I can sing, play the guitar and
H Ha TIHaHHHO, MOry TaHIJ;e- piano, I can dance ...
BaTb ...
- 0, Tbi apTHCT! A qm Tbi e~e - An actor! And what else can you
MO)Kerno .n;enaTb? do?
- JI MOry npHroTOBHTb OMJieT H - I can prepare an omelet and cof-
Ko<Pe. fee.
-0, Tbl He )KeHaT? - Are you single?
- ,L(a, KaK Tbi .n;ora.n;ancH? -Yes. How did you guess?

2. Tell what you do in your free time. What are your interests? Do you have
any hobbies?
3. Do you like sports, literature, music? Which sport do you like? What
type of literature, music?
4. Who are your favorite writers, poets, performers, artists?
5. Ask your friends what their hobbies are. How do they spend their free
time?
6. Ask your friends if they know how to play tennis, the guitar, the piano?
What else do they know how to do?

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 4)
- lJeM Bbl 3aHHMaeTeCb BCB06o.n;- - KTo Barn mo6HMbiH neBeQ H
HOe BpeMH? Barna mo6HMaH neBHIJ;a?

2) 5)
- Y Bac ecTb xo66H? - BM 3HaeTe CTHXH HaH3YCTb?

3)
- BM BbiCTYflaJIH Ha copeBHOBa- 6)
HHHx? - lJTO Bbl MO)KeTe TipHroTOBHTb?
218 YpoK14.XO&&M.YBnE~EHMH

7) 9)
- qeM BI:.I HHTepecyeTeCb? - KaKOH BRIII mo6HMI:.IH BH,ll;
CllOPTa?

8) 10)
- BI:.I )'BJieKaeTecb pyccKo:H mne- - qTO BI:.I KOJineJmHOHHpyere?
pazypo:H?

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)

- MHe HpaBHTCH H To, H .npyroe. - OH co6HpaeT MapKH.


2) 7)

- Mo:H ,npyr yB.JieKaeTCB cnoproM. - MoH .npy3LB 6I:.IJIH BO MHomx


MOCKOBCKHX TeaTpax.
3) 8)

-Moe xo66H- KHHrH. - .5.£ yBneKaiOCb pyccKo:H


)I{HBOllHCbiO.
4) 9)

- Ee mo6HMI:.I:H KoMno3HTop - - ,!J;a, HHOr,na H XO)I{y HR


qaHKOBCKHH. BI:.ICTRBKH.
5) 10)

- HeT, H He Mory roroBHTh. - Mo)l{eT 6biTb, oHa HHTepecy-


eTcH pyccKOH HCTOpHeH HJIH
no33He:H.

3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 14.


YpoH 15 • Lesson 15

npa3AHMHM. no3apaaneHMJI •
• Holidays. Congratulations

KoMMeHrapHit • Commentary
In Russia, as across the world, there are state and national holidays
as well as family or personal ones. State holidays are: January 1 -New
Year's Day; March 8- International Women's Day; May 1-The Spring
Holyday of Labor; May 9 - World War II Victory Day; June 12- The
Day of Adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian
Federation (Independence Day); November 7 - The Day of Accord and
Reconciliation; December 12 -Constitution Day. Recently, religious
holidays have also been widely celebrated: January 7- Orthodox Christ-
mas; in spring - Orthodox Easter. These are all non-working days in
Russia.
There are also many holidays to celebrate the work of individual
professions, such as Teachers' Day, Fishermen's Day, Geologists' Day,
etc. Russia also marks international holidays, such as International Day
of the Protection of Children, International Students' Day, etc. Russia
celebrates anniversaries of city foundings, social organizations, institutes
of learning, and factories. For example, the eight hundredth anniversary
of the founding of Moscow, the two hundredth anniversary of Moscow
State University, the fiftieth anniversary of the Likhachev auto factory
were all celebrated. On the eve of these holidays, there are usually cere-
monial meetings, festivities, concerts. In Moscow, the largest ceremonial
gatherings are held at the Grand Kremlin Palace. Such gatherings are also
held in enterprises and academic institutions around the country.
There are also many family and personal holidays celebrated in Rus-
sia. Such holidays are celebrated both at home with family and at work
with colleagues. Weddings' anniversaries are actively celebrated, especial-
ly significant anniversaries like the 25-year "silver anniversary", and the
50-year "golden anniversary". Russians also celebrate retirement; women
have the right to retire at age 55, and men at 60. Russians celebrate with
220 YpoK15.nPA3AHMKM.nOJAPABnEHMR

family and close friends such events as graduating from school or universi-
ty, completion of a dissertation or moving into a new apartment.
Probably the most popular holiday in Russia is New Year's. Rus-
sians anxiously await and prepared for New Year's. They buy fir-trees to
decorate, and exchange gifts, much like Dec. 25th in the west. It is cus-
tomary to bring in the New Year with family until late into the night. New
Year's is celebrated by everyone in Russia, whereas Orthodox Christmas
has begun to be celebrated only recently.
You should note that it is customary in Russia to exchange holiday
cards or telegrams in addition to gifts. The text of holiday cards is usually
fairly extensive, consisting of several sentences. Examples ofholiday greet-
ings can be found in this lesson. You will learn about customary gifts and
things to take with you when you go to someone's house in the next les-
son.
Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS 221

neHCMHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

rrpil3,ll;HI1K holiday (noun)


rrpil3.D:HI1qHJ:,[H holiday (adjective)
.D:eHh po)I(,[(eHI1R birthday
,[(eHb CBa.[(h6hi wedding day
I0611JieH 1 anniversary celebration
rO,ll;OB:W:MHa anniversary

Po)I(,[(eCTB6 Christmas
Ilacxa Easter
H6BhiH ro.D: New Year
8 MapTa - Me)I(,[(yHap6.D:HhiH March 8th - International Wo-
:>KeHCKI1H ,[(eHb men's Day

HOBOCeJihe housewarming party


II03,ll;paBmiThfii03,ll;paBI1Tb to congratulate
II03,ll;paBJieHHe congratulations

5I II03,ll;paBmiiO BaC Crrpa3,[(HI1KOM 2 ! I wish you a happy holiday!


Pa3pernMTe rro3.D:paBI1Th sac c rrpil3- Allow me to wish you a happy
.D:HI1KOM! holiday!

:>KenaTh/rro:>KemiTh to wish
IIO:>KeJiaHI1e wish (noun)

5I :>KenaiO saM cqacThR 113.D:op6sM.i! I wish you happiness and health!


Pa3pernMTe rro:>KenaTh saM cqacThR Allow me to wish you happiness
11 3,ll;OpOBbR! and health!
IIp11MMTe MOM rro:>KenaHHR cqacTMI Accept my wishes for happiness
11 3,ll;Op0BMI! and health!
Ilepe.D:ai1Te MOM rro3.D:pasneHI1R 11 Extend my congratulations and
IIO)l(eJiaHHR :>KeHe! wishes to your wife!

1 !06Uileu is used when referring to significant anniversaries, i.e. I 0, 20, 30 etc. (birth-
days, wedding anniversary, etc.).
1 The pronoun eac with a lowercase e is used when addressing a group of people. If you
are addressing one person with whom you are on Bbl, Bac should be written using a
capital B, as in Jl no3opae/1Jl/O Bac c npa30IIUKOM! (only in writing letters, postcards,
etc.)
222 YpoK15. nPA3AHHKH.n03APABnEHH~

IIycn, ... ! Let ... !


IIycTh BBarn eM .n;6Me Bcer.n;a 6y.n;eT Let there always be happiness in
cqacThe! your home!

cqacThe happiness
3,ll;Op0Bhe health
pa.n;OCTh joy
66.n;pOCTh cheerfulness
mo66Bh love
y.n;aqa good luck
ycnex success
xop6rnee HacTpoeHne cheerful, good spirits
)l;OJirHX JieT :>KlbHH a long life
KpenKHM strong
ilcKpeHHHM sincere

CyBa:>KeHHeM with respect


c mo66BhiO with love

ceMeMHaH :>KH3Hh family life


JIHqHaH :>KH3Hh personal life
OT BCer6 cep.n;ua, with all one's heart
OT BCeM .n;yrnil
BCe CaMOe xop6rnee, all the best
BCe CaMOe .n;66poe
Bee Hannyqrnee all the very best
.n;opor6i1: dear
yBa:>KaeMhiM respected
npe:>K.n;e Bcer6 first of all; first and foremost
Kp6Me Tor6 in addition

CnacH:6o 3a no3.n;paBneHHH! Thank you for your congratula-


tions!
CnacH:6o 3a no:>KenaHHH! Thank you for your wishes!
Bac TaK:>Ke! Same to you! 1
BaM Tor6 :>Ke! Same to youJZ

1 The answer "Same to you!" would be Bac maK:JICe! in response to Jlo3opae!lfll0 eac
C npa30HUKOMf
2 The answer "Same to you!" would be BaM mozo :JICe! in response to)f(e.Jia/0 BaM c'lacmbRI
Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS 223

rpaMMaTMKa • Grammar
Table 75
FORMS OF CONGRATULATIONS

The most commonly used forms Formulation of expressions


of congratulations
Il03.upasmno Te65I c (om eceu oywu, om ecezo
I1pa3,UHHKOM! cepotJa) n03opae!l5110 +
accusative case of the pronoun
OT sceif .uyum rro3.upaBmreM (Bac, Te6H) +preposition c +
Bac c .UHeM po)I()J;eHHH! instrumental case of the noun

0JI5I, CI1pa3,UHHKOM Te65I!


Official congratulations Formulation of expressions
Pa3peumTe rro3.upaBHTb Bac c pa3pewume n03opaeumb +
I06HneeM! accusative case of the pronoun
(eac, me651) +preposition c +
Pa3peumTe rro3.upaBHTb Bac c instrumental case of the noun
Po)I()J;eCTBOM!
IlpHMHTe MOH HCKpeHHHe npUMume (Mou, Hawu)
I103,UpaBJieHH5I! n03opae!leHU5l + preposition c +
instrumental case of the noun
IlpHMHTe HaiiiH I103,UpaBJieHH5I
c HoBhiM ro.uoM!
Extending congratulations Formulation of expressions
to a third person
Ilepe.uaifTe MOM rro3.upasrreHH5I nepeoaiime (Mou, Hawu)
BaiiiHM pO,UHTelliiM! no3opae!leHU5l + dative case of
the noun
224 YpoH1S.nPA3AHMHM.nOJAPABnEHMH

Table 76
FORMS OF WISHES

The most commonly used forms Formulation of expressions


of extending best wishes
)l(enaro BaM cqacTbH H ycnexoB! (om BCeU oyutu, om BCe20 cepOtfa)
;)fCeJZa10 + dative case of the
OT BceH: .llYIIIH )l(enaeM Te6e pronoun (BaM, me6e) +genitive
KpenKOrO 3,llOpOBbH! case of the noun (adjective)

HaTarna, cqacTbH re6e!

CepreH: MBaHOBHq, 3.llOPOBbH BaM!


An official form of extending Formulation of expressions
one's best wishes
Pa3pernHTe no)l(eJiaTb BaM pa3peutume no;)fCe.Jlam& + dative
KpenKOrO 3,llOpOBbH H 60JibiiiOrO case of the pronoun (BaM)+
cqaCTbH! genitive case of the noun
(adjective)
IlpHMHTe HarnH no)l(eJiaHHH Bcero npUMume (MOU, Hautu}
caMoro xopornero! no;)fCeJZaHUR +genitive case of the
noun (adjective, pronoun)
Extending best wishes Formulation of expressions
to a third person
Ilepe,llaHTe MOH no)l(eJiaHHH Bcero nepeoaume (Mou, Hautu}
caMoro ,llo6poro BarneH: MaMe! no;)ICeJIQHUR +genitive case of the
noun (adjective, pronoun)+ dative
case of the noun (adjective,
pronoun)
Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULAnONS 225
Table 77
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS II031(PABJIHTh/II031(PABHTh
(KOFO? C qEM?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

IIOlJWaBJUilh (HCB) I IIOMpaBIIlh (C'B)


Present tense
jl ll03~paBIDIIO

Tbl no3~paBIDienn, Verbs in the perfective aspect


OH,OHa no3~paBIDieT have no present tense.
Mbl no3~paBIDieM

Bbl no3~paBIDieTe

OHM ll03~paBIDIIOT

Past tense
R, Tbl, OH no3~paBmm R, Tbl, OH ll03~paBMJI

H, Tbl, OHa no3~paBJIHJia H, Tbl, OHa n03~paBMna

Mbl, Bbl, OHM ll03~paBJIHJIM Mbl, Bbl, OHM ll03~paBHJIM

Future tense
H 6y~y ll03~paBJIHTb H ll03~paBJIIO

Tbl 6y~elllb n03~aBJIHTb Tbl ll03~paBMlllb

OH,OHa 6y~eT ll03~paBIDITb OH,OHa ll03~paBMT

Mbl 6y~eMll03~paBIDITb Mbl ll03~paBMM

Bbl 6y~eTe no3~paBJIHTb Bbl ll03~paBMTe

OHM 6y~YT no3~paBIDITb OHM ll03~paBHT

Remember:
no3opaBJl.Rmblno3opasumb (c lle.M?)
C ~HeM pO)I{)J;eHHR!
C ~HeM CBMb6bi!
C Me)I{)J;YHapo~HbiM :>KeHCKMM ~HeM!(= C ~HeM 8 MaPTa!)
C npa3~HMKOM!
C Po)I{)J;ecTBOM!
C HoBbiM ro~oM!
C fO~OBin;MHOH CBMb6bi!
C I06HJieeM!
(' HOBOCeJibeM!
15-629
226 YpoK15.nPA3AHHHH.n03aPABnEHMH

Table 78
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS )J(ERATh/HO)J(EJIATh
(KOMY? qErO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

ii>cmtth (IICB) I twiKl'.lllltt. (CB)


Present tense
g )KeJiaro MLI )KeJiaeM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
TLI )KeJiaeiiiL BLI )KeJiaeTe
have no present tense.
OH,OHa )KeJiaeT OHH )KeJiaiOT
Past tense
H, TLI, OH )Kenan H, TLI, OH IIO)KeJiaJI
H, TLI, OHa )KeJiaJia H, TLI, OHa IIO)KeJiana
MLI, BLI, OHH >KeJiaJIH MLI, BLI, OHH IIO)KeJiaJIH
Future tense
g 6y.n;y )KeJiaTL g IIO)KeJiaiO
TLI 6y.n;eiiiL )KeJiaTL TLI IIO)KenaeiiiL
OH,OHa 6y.n;eT )KeJiaTL OH,OHa IIO)KeJiaeT
MLI 6y.n;eM )KeJiaTL MLI IIO)KeJiaeM
BLI 6y.n;eTe )KeJiaTL BLI rro)KeJiaere
OHH 6y.AYT )KeJiaTL OHH IIO)KeJiaiOT

Remember:
me.namblnome.namb (11ezo?)
CqacTLH!
3.n;opOBLH!
bOJILIIIOrO CllaCTLH!
KperrKoro 3.n;opoBLH!
YcrrexoB!
bOJILIIIHX ycrreXOB!
Pa.n;ocm!
:So.n;pocm!
Xopoiiiero HaCTPOeHHH!
Bcero caMoro .n;o6poro!
Bcero HaHJiyqiiiero!
bOJILIIIOH JII06BH!
,lJ;OJirHX JieT )KH3HH!
Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS 227
Table 79
PREPOSITIONAL CASE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE, NEUTER AND PLURAL)
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Moii-BMoeM MOH-BMOeH MOe-BMOeM MOH-BMOHX
TBOH- B TBOeM TBOH - B TBOeH TBOe- B TBOeM TBOH- B TBOHX
ero-Bero ero-Bero ero-Bero ero-B ero
ee-Bee ee-Bee ee-Bee ee-Bee
Ham- Hama- Harne- HamH-
BHameM BHameii BHameM BHalliHX
Bam- Barna- Bame- BamH-
BBameM B Bameii BBameM BBalliHX
HX-BHX HX-BHX HX-BHX HX-BHX

Table 80
DATIVE CASE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE, NEUTER AND PLURAL)
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
MOH-MOeMy MOH-MOeH MOe-MOeMy MOH-MOHM
TBOH- TBOeMy TBOH-TBOeH TBOe- TBOeMy TBOH-TBOHM
ero-ero ero-ero ero-ero ero-ero
ee-ee ee-ee ee-ee ee-ee
Ham-HameMy Hama-Hame:H Harne- HameMY HalliH-HalliHM
Bam-BameMy Bama-Bame:H Bame-BameMY BalliH-BalliHM
HX-HX HX-HX HX-HX HX-HX

Table 81
ACCUSATIVE CASE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
(MASCULINE, FEMININE, NEUTER AND PLURAL)

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


MOH-Moero MOH-MOIO Moe-Moe MOH-MOHX
TBOH- TBoero TBOH-TBOIO TBOe-TBOe TBOH-TBOHX
ero-ero ero-ero ero-ero ero-ero
ee-ee ee-ee ee-ee ee-ee
Ham-Hamero Hama-Hamy Harne-Harne HalliH-HalliHX
Bam-Bamero Barna-Barny Bame-Bame BalliH-BalliHX
HX-HX HX-HX HX-HX HX-HX
228 YpoH15. nPA3AHHKH.n03APABnEHHH

Explanation: pronoun caoil


In Russian there is a possessive pronoun ceou (ceo.a, ceoii, ceou),
which shows possession of an object. It can be used in the first, second or
third person of speech. This pronoun is used only when the object to
which it relates belongs to the active subject of the sentence. If the object
does not belong to the active subject of the sentence, the pronounceou is
not used.

Compare:
1)
3mo Mou 6pam. It is my brother.
I
JI no30paeu;z ceoezo (T. e. Moe- I congratulated my (own) brother.
zo) 6pama.
3mo eaut 6pam. It is your brother.
JI n03opaewz eautezo 6pama. I congratulated your brother.
2)
3mo MOU pooume;zu . .JI no:JK:e- These are my parents.
llaJZ C60UM (T.e. MOUM) poOume- I wished my (own) parents happi-
llflM ciJacmbR u 30opo6bfl. ness and health.

3mo eautu pooume;zu . .JI no:JK:e- These are your parents.


!la!l eautuM pooumellRM ciJa- I wished your parents happiness and
cmbfl u 30opo6bR. health.
3)
Ezo cecmpa :JICU6em 6 opyzoM His sister lives in another city.
zopooe.
OH HanucaJZ nUCbMO ceoeu (T.e. He wrote a letter to his (own) sis-
ezo) cecmpe. ter.
4)
Ee opy3bR UHmepecyiOmCfl uc- Her friends are interested in art.
Kyccm60M.
0Ha K)lnUJZa C60UM (T.e. ee) Opy- She bought her friends souvenirs.
3bRM cyeeHupbl.

1T.e.= mo ecmb =i.e.


Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS 229
The pronoun ceou is not used in the nominative case (as the subject
of a sentence). The exception to this rule is constructions which convey
ownership of a object, such as a car or house.
Y Hezo ecmb ceoR (T.e. co6cm- He has his (own) car.
BeHHa.R) MaUtuHa.
Y HUX ceou (T.e. co6cmeeH- They have their (own) house.
HblU} OOM.
The pronoun ceou changes in gender, number and case the same as
the pronouns MOU and meou.

YnpaJHHeHHH • Exercises

1. Put the word in parentheses into the instrumental case, adding the preposi-
tion c.
Il03~pamuno Bac (Po:>K~ecTBo). M1:.1 rro3~paBJIHeM Te6H (~eHI:. po:>K-
~eHMH). Pa3peiiiMTe rro3~paBMTI:. Bac (ro6Mneii). IlpMMMTe HaiiiM rr03~paB­
neHMH (rrpa3~HMK). MpMHa MBaHOBHa, Haiiia rpyrrrra rro3~paBnHeT Bac
(Me~yH,apo~HI:.IH :>KeHCKMH ~eHI:. 8 MaPTa). )J;opome OJIH M)l(eHH, rrpM-
MMTe HaiiiM MCKpeHHMe II03~paBJieHHH (~eHI:. CBMI:.6I:.I). }J;oporOH fuopi:.,
II03~aBJIHIO Te6H (HOBI:.IH ro~). TaMapa HMKOJiaeBHa M BMKTOp IleTpO-
BMqf Il03~paBJIHeM BaC (HOBOCeJII:.e).
2. Put the words in parentheses into the genitive case.
5.I :>Kenaro Te6e (3~opoBJ:.e M cqacTI:.e). )l(enaeM BaM (6oJII:.IIIMe ycrre-
XM B pa60Te). Pa3peiiiMTe rro:>KeJiaTJ:. BaM (pMOCTI:., 6o~pocTI:. Mxopoiiiee
HacTpoeHMe). IIpMMMTe MOM MCKpeHHMe rro:>KenaHHH (Bee caMoe xopo-
IIIee M~o6poe). )J;oporne TaHH MAHTOH, :>KenaeM BaM (6oni:.IIIaH KperrKaH
nro6oBI:. MB3aMMorroHMMaHMe). ,[{opora.~~ Maiiia, :>Kenaro Te6e ( cqacTJ:.e B
JIMqHOH :>KM3HM My~aqa).
3. Put the pronouns in parentheses into the proper case.
Ilo3~paBJIHIO (TI:.I) c rrpa3~HMKOM! )l(enaro (TI:.I) Bcero caMoro xopo-
IIIero! Il03~aBJIHIO (BI:.I) C ~HeM po~eHMH! )l(enaiO (BI:.I) 60JII:.IIIMX yc-
rreXOB B pa60Te! Pa3peiiiMTe rro3~paBMTh (BI:.I) c ro6MneeM! IIepe~aiiTe
(oH) MOM II03~aBJieHMH! IJepe~aHTe (OHM) MOM IIO:>KeJiaHMH 3~0pOBJ:.H M
y~aqf J.I II03~paBMJI (oHa) C IIpa3~HMKOM M IIO:>KeJiaJI (oHa) cqaCTI:.H. MI:.I
II03~paBMJIM (OHM) C ~HeM CBa~J:.6J:.I M IIO:>KeJiaJIM (OHM) KpeiiKOH JII06BM.
230 YpOK15.nPA3AHHKH.n03APABnEHMH

4. Put the words in parentheses into the prepositional case, adding the
preposition B.
)l(enaeM eqaeTMI (Barna eeMeHHWI )I(H3HL). )l(enaro yenexoB (TBOH
HenerKWI pa6oTa). IIyeTL (Barn ,noM) Beer.na 6y,neT eqaene! Pa3peiiiHTe
no)l(eJiaTL BaM yenexoB (Bee BarnH .nena). IIepe,naHTe MOH no3,npaBJie-
HHH BaiiiHM po,nHTeJIHM. IIyeTL (Hx )I(H3HL) 6y,neT Bee xoporno! )l(enaiO
Te6e yeneXOB (Bee TBOH ,neJia). IlpHMHTe MOH HeKpeHHHe TIO)I(eJiaHHH
eqaeTLH (JIHqHWI )I(H3HL) H yeneXOB (Baiiia pa60Ta). )l{eJiaiO Te6e (Ho-
BhlH ro,n) y,naqH! IlyeTL (Barna eeMLH) Beer,na 6y,neT JII060BL H B3aHMO-
TIOHHMaHHe!
5. Put the words in parentheses into the accusative case.
li03,ZJ;paBJIHIO Te6H H (TBOH ,Z1;py3LH). Il03.npaBJIHeM Bae H (Barna ee-
MLH). Pa3pernHTe no3,ZJ;paBHTL Bae, (Barna )l(eHa, BarnH ,neTH) e npa3,nHH-
KOM! 0T BeeH ,ZJ;yrnH TI03,ZJ;paBJIHIO Te6H H (TBOH pO,ll;HTeJIH) e Po)l(,ll;eeTBOM!
Pa3peiiiHTe no3,npaBHTL Bae M (BarnH KOJIJierH) e I06HneeM pa6oTLI<i>Hp-
Mhl. IIo3.npaBJIHeM Te6H, (TBOH MaMa, TBOH OTeu) e HoBLIM ro,ZJ;oM! MLI
no3,ZJ;paBHJIH (Ham npeno,naBaTeJIL).
6. Put the words in parentheses into the dative case.
)l{eJiaiO BaM H (Barna eeMLH) 60JILrnOro eqaeTLH! )l{eJiaiO Te6e H (TBOH
.npy3LH) yeneXOB B yqe6e! Ilepe,naHTe MOH TI03.I{paBJieHHH (BarnH pO.I{HTe-
JIH). Pa3peiiiHTe no)l(eJiaTL BaM, (Barna )l(eHa, BaiiiH ,neTH) KpenKoro 3,ZJ;O-
poBLH! IIepe,ZJ;aH HarnH HeKpeHHHe n03.npaBJieHHH (TBOH MaMa H TBOH
OTeu). Pa3pernHTe no)l(eJiaTL BaM H (BarnH KOJIJiern) HOBLIX yenexoB! MLI
HaTIHeaJIH TIHeLMO (Ham npeno,ZJ;aBaTeJIL).
7. Put the words in parentheses into the proper case.
J.l TI03.I{paBHJia e npa3.I{HHKOM (eBOH po,nHTeJIH). Thl TI03,I{paBHJI ( eBOH
eeeTpa)? qTo Bhl no)l(eJianH (eBoH ,ZJ;py3LH) B HoBOM ro,ny? Hpa HanHea-
na TIHeLMO ( eBOH 6paT). Po,nHTeJIH Beer,na TI03,npaBJIHIOT e ):{HeM po)I(,I{e-
HHH (eBoH ,neTH). ,l()I(OH KyTIHJI (eBoH )l(eHa) eyBeHHpLI. JleHa KynHJia
(eBOH eLIH) KHHry. AHTOH TI03,ll;paBHJI e HOBLIM rO,I{OM (eBOH eeMLH: eBOH
ehlH, eBOH ,noqy,, eBOH )l(eHa, eBOH 6paT, eBOH eeeTpa, eBOH MaMa H eBOH
nana).
8. Complete the sentences.
Il03.npaBJIHIO Te6H .... Pa3pernHTe TIO)I(eJiaTL BaM .... IlyCTL B BarneH
)I(H3HH .... IIepe,naifTe MOH no3.npaBJieHHH .... )l(enaeM Te6e .... ,l(oporne
JleHa H Bono,ZJ;H, n03,npaBJIHeM Bae .... YBa)l(aeMLIH MHxaHJI AH,ZJ;peeB}iq,
)l(eJiaiO BaM .... IIpHMHTe MOH HeKpeHHHe no3,ZJ;paBJieHHH .... IlpHMHTe
MOH TIO)I(eJiaHHH .... IlyeTL B BarneM ,I{OMe .... IlyeTL B BarneH eeMLe ....
Lesson 15. HOLIDAYS. CONGRATULATlONS 231

9. Complete the sentences based on the context•


... no3.z:tpaw:uno Bac c npa3.z:tHHKOM! .•. )Kenaro Te6e cqacTJ.x! IlpHMH-
Te MOH ... TIO)KeHaHHX KpenKOro 3,l{OpOBLX! Pa3pemHTe TIO)KenaTL BaM ...
cqacTLX H ycnexoB .... )l{enaro Te6e ... HacTpoeHHX .... MapHHa! C npa3-
.z:tHHKOM Te6x! ... IOpHH IlaBnOBHq! C HoBLIM ro.z:toM Bac! )l{enaeM BaM
3,!J;OpOBLX H ... mo6BH! IlyCTL ... BCer.z:ta 6y.z:teT C'laCTLe!
10. Listen, repeat and read aloud examples of holiday wishes used in post-
cards and letters.
1)
,[(oporax Hpa!
Ilo3.z:tPaBJIXID Te6x c .z:tHeM po)K.l{eHHX! OT Bcei:f .z:tymH )KenaJO Te6e
C'laCTLX, 3,l{OpOBLX, pa.z:tOCTH, ycneXOB B yqe6e.
TBoJl noopyza TaHR.

2)
,[(oporoi:f Carnal
Il03.z:tPaBn.HeM Te6x c HoBLIM ro.z:toM! )l{enaeM Te6e B HoBOM ro.z:ty
npe)K,l{e BCero C'laCTLX B HH'IHOH )KH3HH, KpenKOrO 3,l{OpOBLX, a TaK)Ke
6onLmHx ycnexoB B cnopTe.
TBou opy3&Jl Hamauta u Hzop&.

3)
YBa)KaeMLIH HHKonai:f HBaHOBH'l! Pa3pemHTe no3.z:tpaBHTL Bac c
BamHM ro6HneeM! IlpHMHTe HamH HCKpeHHHe TIO)KenaHHX ycnexoB B
Bamei:f pa60Te, .z:tonrHx neT )KH3HH, Bcero caMoro-caMoro xopomero.
Bautu l<OJlJlezu.

4)
YBa)KaeMax MapHX liiBaHOBHal
Ilo3.z:tpaBJixeM Bac c nepBLIM BeceHHHM npa3.z:tHHKOM - .z:tHeM 8
MaPTa. Pa3pemHTe no)KenaTL BaM pa.z:tocTH, cqacTLx, xopomero HacTpo-
eHHX, a TaK)Ke 6onLmHX ycnexoB B Bamei:f HenerKoH pa6oTe.
Bautu cmyoeHm&z.

5)
,[(opome ranx H Oner!
l103,l{paBn.HeM BaC C CaMLIM C'laCTnHBLIM ,l{HeM B Bamei:f )KH3HH -
.z:tHeM cBa,l{L6LI! OT Bcero cep.z:tn;a )KenaeM BaM 6onLmoro cqacTLX B ce-
MeHHOH )KH3HH, HI06BH, B3aHMOTIOHHMaHH.H!
Bautu pooumeJZu.
232 YpoH15. nPA3AHMKM.n03APABnEHMH

6)
,ll;opome MaMa H rrarra!
I1o3.[(paBIDIIO Bac c PmK.[(eCTBOM H c HoBbiM ro.[(oM! OT Bceii .[(ynm
)J(eJiaro BaM Bcero caMoro .[(o6poro H xopornero B HoBOM ro.[(y!
Baw cbm AHopeu.
7)
YBa)J(aeMI>Ie TaTb.SIHa ITeTpOBHa H AneKceii MHxaiiJioBHq!
Pa3pernHTe rro3.[(paBHTb Bac c HOBocem,eM! ITycTb B BarneM .[(OMe
Bcer.[(a 6y.[(YT pa.[(OCTb H cqacTbe!
Bawu T<OJZ!lezu.
8)
,lJ;oporoii AHTOH!
I1o3.[(paBIDieM Te6.sr c rrpa3.[(HHKOM! )l(enaeM Te6e HTBoeii ceMbe 6onb-
rnoro ceMeiiHoro cqacTb.II H xopornero HaCTPOeHH.II.
Teou T<O!l!lezu.
9)
YBa)J(aeMbiH KoHCTaHTHH BHKTOpOBHq!
Pa3pernHTe IT03.[(paBHTb Bac c ro6HneeM pa60Tbi B Harneii qmpMe!
)l(enaeM BaM HOBbiX ycrrexoB B pa6oTe, 3.[(0pOBb.ll, cqacTb.sr!
Pyr<oeooumeJZb rjJupMbl.
10)
,ll;oporoii Cepe)J(a!
ITo3.[(paBIDieM Te6.sr H TBOIO ceMbiO c Po)J(.[(eCTBOM! OT Bceii .[(ylliH
)J(eJiaeM Te6e, TBoeii )l(eHe One, TBOeMY CbiHY ,ll;eHHcy, TBoeii .[(oqepH Ha.[(e
Bcero caMoro-caMoro .[(o6poro. ITycTb BBarneii ceMbe Bcer.[(a 6y.[(eT JII0-
6oBb, pa.[(OCTb H B3aHMOllOHHMaHHe.
Teou opy3bfl.

11. Offer your wishes to:


a) your friend on his birthday;
b) your teacher for New Year's;
c) your parents for Christmas;
d) your friend for graduation from the university;
e) your grandfather for his 70th birthday;
f) your friends on their wedding day;
g) your boss on a holiday;
h) your sister and her family on their new home.
12. Explain how you would express your best wishes to:
a) your mother on her birthday;
b) your friends on their wedding day;
c) your teacher on New Year's;
d) your boss on his birthday.
Lesson 15. HOUDAYS. CONGRATULATIONS 233

Tecr • Quiz
1. Find the mistakes in the texts below.
1)
,[I;oporWI Omr!
Pa:1pem:u no3.l{paBHTb Te6H c npa3.l{HHKOM :u no)KenaTh re6e ycnexoB
B yqe6e :u 6on~>moii mo6B:u.
TBOR noopyza MapuHa.
2)
,[I;oporoii M:uxa:un Bna.n;:uM:upoBH'I!
IIo3.l{paBnHeM Bac c BamHM ro6:uneeM! )l{enaeM BaM cqacTbH, Kpen-
Koro 3,l{OpOBbH, pa,l{OCTH.
C ll106oBb10, mBou l<OMezu.
3)
TaThHHa CepreeBHa!
C ,!{HeM po)K,l{eHHH Bac! 3.l{opoBLH BaM, 6o,l{pocm, ycnexoB!
Bawu cmyoeHmbz.
4)
YBa)KaeMWI Mama!
Pa:1pem:u TI03,l{paBHTb Te6H c npa3.l{HHKOM! IIpHMH HamH TIO)Kena-
HHH C'laCTbH B HH'IHOH )KH3HH H 60HblliOH nro6BH.
TBou iJpy3bR Cawa u JleHa.
5)
YBa)KaeMble HaTama :u AH.l{peii!
IIo3,l{paMHeM Bac c caMLIM npeKpacHbiM ,!{HeM Bameii )KH3HH -
,!{HeM cBa,n;L6bi. Pa3pem:uTe no)KenaTb BaM cqacTLH B ceMeHHOH )KH3HH :u
B3aHMOTIOHHMaHHH.
C yBa;»eeHueM, Batuu pooumenu.

2. Fill in the answers.


1) 3)
- KonH, c npa3,l{HHKOM Te6H! - Hpa, cqacTLH Te6e!

2) 4)
- M:uxa:un HBaHOB:uq, c HoBLIM - Map:uHa HsaHOBHa, ycnexoB
rD,l{OMBac! BaM H }',l{aq!
234 YpoK15. nPA3AHKKK. n03APABnEHKft

5) 7)
- Koro Tbi TI03,ll;paBHn c npa3,ll;HH- - Pa3penmTe no3,ll;paBHTb sac c
KOM? npa3,ll;HHKOM 11 TIO)I(enaTb BaM
scero HaHnyqiiiero!
6)
- qTO Tbl TIO)I(enan CBOHM ,ll;py3b-
HM B HosoM ro,ll;y?

3. Fill in the questions.


1) 5)

- Cnac116o 3a xopoiiiHe TIO)I(ena- - Bac TaK)I(e!


HHH!
2) 6)

- Mbi TI03,ll;paBHnH CBOHX po,ll;HTe- - BaM mro )l(e!


neil:.
3) 7)

- Ilpe)I()J;e scero H no)l(enan HM - .Don~>IIIe scero H mo6mo HoBbiH


B3aHMOTIOHHMaHHH. ro,ll; 11 Po)l(,ll;ecTBo.
4)

- Cnac116o 3a no3,ll;pasneHHH!

4. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 15.


YpoH 16 • Lesson 16

HAeM aroaM. Brocr1x • Going to Someone's House

KOMMeHTIPMM • Commentary
A few words about invitations to someone's house. For everyday
occasions, it is not customary in Russia to issue invitations in writing or
well in advance. Russians tend to invite farther in advance for birthdays
and holidays, and sometimes issue written invitations. Most often, how-
ever, Russians will issue an invitation in person or over the telephone
approximately three or four days in advance. Most invitations tend to be
for evening gatherings, and although the times can be varied, gatherings
tend to begin at six or seven o'clock.
It is not necessary to ask what you can bring when going to some-
one's house. If you ask a Russian, chances are they will say "Nothing at
all!" But that doesn't mean that you should go to someone 's house empty-
handed. First, you should bring the hostess some flowers or a box of
candy. Pay attention to the number of flowers; it should be an odd number,
because even numbers of flowers are brought only to funerals. So the
number of flowers usually tends to be 3 or 5. A single flower, while pret-
ty, is usually not given. The host usually receives a bottle of liquor; how-
ever, this is not as necessary as the flowers. If your hosts have children, it
is polite to bring some chocolate or candy for them.
Russians usually sit down immediately at the dinner table, where
they will spend the entire evening. Therefore, since it is a seated dinner,
you should arrive on time when invited to someone's house. The idea of
food served buffet style is uncommon in Russia. If you have been invited
to a dacha, your host might make shashlik, meat with spices cooked on a
skewer over a fire. However, people will inevitably sit around a table.
The concept of standing and eating hors d'ouevres as in the West is unfa-
miliar to most Russians.
Now a little about the food. Foreigners who are invited to a Rus-
sian's house for the first time are always surprised by the number of dif-
ferent appetizers and salads served. Even in a family that is not wealthy,
your host will always make an effort to have a full table with several
varied dishes. The meal usually consists of appetizers, a main course and
tea/dessert. When guests arrive, the appetizers are already on the table, so
everyone helps themselves to what they want. Appetizers can include
236 YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTM. B rOCTJIX

various salads, mushrooms (salted & marinated), fish (salted & smoked),
caviar, sausage, ham and pirozhki (pastry shells stuffed with meat, cab-
bage or rice). Then, the main course is served: usually fish or meat with
side dishes. Then there might be a break while guests leave the table to
dance or smoke. After that, tea with pastries, jam or sweets.
You should not be surprised if there is far more food than you can
eat, because that is how Russian hosts typically serve guests. It is from
this custom that many foreigners regard the Russian people as extremely
hospitable and generous.
To drink, Russians will usually serve vodka, cognac and different
wines, in addition to mineral water and flavored soda or juice. Everyone
drinks what they want. Toasts are mandatory. They can be proposed to
the hosts, the guests, etc., and everyone raises their glasses together.
Such a dinner usually lasts 3-4 hours. At the end of the evening, it should
be the guests who signal that it is time to leave. Typical dinners usually end
before 11:00. Thank you notes for lunch/dinner are not customary. The hosts
are thanked at the end of the evening as the guests are leaving.
And finally, about gifts. When and what should you give? Ifthere is
no special occasion and you have just been invited to someone's house,
then take flowers or candy. Holidays, however, are special situations.
New Year's. Although this is the favorite holiday of Russians, there
is not a tradition of giving expensive gifts.
Christmas and Easter. Since these holidays were not celebrated for
a long time, traditions surrounding these holidays are just starting to form.
So, there are as yet no special gifts given on these holidays.
March 8 - International Women's Day. The Russian tradition is
to congratulate all the women at home and at work. Flowers and some kind
of small gift are usually given on this day.
Weddings. It is customary to give a nice gift to the married couple.
Birthdays. And of course Russians give gifts on birthdays more than
any other time.
What kind of gifts should you give? Russians have a saying: "It's not
your gift that is dear to me, it's your friendship". The cost of the gift is not
important, it's the symbol of attention, the expression of friendship. There-
fore, try to learn the tastes and interests of the person to whom you are
giving a gift.
What should you give, for example, on someone's birthday? You
might give perfume, cosmetics, books, music, or Russian handicrafts. It
is not customary to give too practical gifts (i.e. pots and pans) because
they are considered inappropriate for the holiday atmosphere.
You should give whatever you think your friends will enjoy. The
important thing is that your friend feels like it came from your heart. That
for Russians is the most important thing.
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 237

neHCMHa • Vocabulary
Listen, repeat, memorize.

IIO.n;apOK,IIO):(apKH gift, gifts


.n;apHTb I no.n;apHTb to give
npHHHMaTL I npHmiTL no.n;apoK to accept a gift

IIpHMHTe Ham cKp6MHbiH no.n;a- Please accept this gift.


poK!

rDCTb, rOCTH guest, guests


X03HHH, X03HHKa host, hostess

IIpoxo.n;:H:! IIpoxo.n;:H:Te! Come over!


Ca.n;:H:cb! Ca.n;:H:TecL! Sit down!
6naro.n;apeH, 6naro.n;apHa thankful
Tp6Hyr, TP6Hyra touched
IIporny KcTony! Dinner is ready!

yroi.QaTL I yrocTHTb to serve (food)


Yroi.QaifcH! Yroi.Qa:H:TecL! Help yourselfl (to food)
CTeCH.si:TbCH to be shy
He cTecH.si::H:cH! He cTecH.si:HTecL! Don't be shy, embarrassed!
np66oBaTL I nonp66oBaTL to taste (food)
IIonp66y:H:Te canaT! Try the salad!
ne)l(aTL I KnaCTb I nono~Tb to lay/to put
cTO.si:Tb 1 cTaBHTb 1 nocTaBHTb to stand/to place
HanHBaTb 1Han:H:Tb to pour
npe.n;naniTL I npe.n:no~Tb TOCT to offer, propose toast
IIpe.n;naraiO TocT 3a ... I propose a toast to ...

TapenKa plate
BHnKa fork
ilO)I(Ka spoon
HO)I( knife
piDMKa wineglass
6oKan glass, goblet
qarnKa cup
238 YpoK 16. HAEM B rocnt. B rOCTRX

glass
napkin

IIpmiTHoro annemTa! Bon appetite!

Kyc6K,Kyc6qeK piece
BKYCHO, BKYCHLIH delicious
3aMeqaTeJILHO, 3aMeqaTeJILHLIH excellent

KaK BKycuo! How delicious!


KaKoil BKycnLIH canaT! What a delicious salad!
KaK6HTOpT! What a (delicious) cake!
CKOJILKO UBeroB! So many flowers!

CaM, CaMa, CaMH myself


5I CaMa fOTOBHJia. I made it myself.
no-M6eMy in my opinion
Mue Be3eT/noBe3n6. I am lucky.

<t>oTorpa<l>:HpoBaTL/c<t>oTOrpa<t>:H- to photograph
pOBaTL
<t>oTOrpa<l>HH photo
fOTOB,fOTOBa,rOTOBO,fOTOBLI ready
Bee roT6Bo! Everything is ready!
BnHManHe! Attention!

H,ZJ;eH idea
np8.B,ZJ;a truth
ynLI6aTLCH 1 yn~>I6u:YT~>cH to smile
fOCTenpHifMCTBO hospitality
fOCTenpHHMHLIH hospitable

He HMeH 100 py6nei1, a HMeH 100 It's better to have 100 friends than
,ZJ;py3ei1 (pyccKaR nocllo8U£1a). 100 rubles (Russian proverb).

Muenopa! It's time for me to go.


HaMnopa! It's time for us to go.
Cnac:H6o 3a npmiTHLIH Beqep. Thank you for a pleasant evening.
Cnac:H6o 3a rocTenpHHMCTBO. Thank you for your hospitality.
pe6.1iTa boys, guys (conv.)
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 239

rpaMMaTMHa • Grammar
Table 82
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS J(APHTbmO,l(APHTb
(liTO? KOMY?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

;J,apntb (HCB) IIOJJ,apHt h (CB)


I
Present tense
B JJ;apro Mbl ,ZJ;apHM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl ,ZJ;apHIIIb Bbl JJ;apHTe
have no present tense.
OH, OHa ,ZJ;apHT OHH ,ZJ;apBT
Past tense
B, Tbi, OH JJ;apHJI B, Tbi, OH IIOJJ;apHJI
B, Tbi, OHa ,ZJ;apHna B, Tbi, OHa IIOJJ;apHJia
Mbi, Bbl, OHH ,ZJ;apHJIH Mbi, Bbi, OHH IIOJJ;apHJIH
Future tense
jl 6yJJ;y ,ZJ;apHTb jl IIOJJ;apiO
Tbl 6yJJ;eiiiL JJ;apHTb Tbl IIOJJ;apHIIIb
OH,OHa 6yJJ;eT ,ZJ;apHTb OH,OHa IIOJJ;apHT
Mbl 6yJJ;eM JJ;apHTb Mbl IIOJJ;apHM
Bbl 6yJJ;eTe JJ;apHTb Bbl IIOJJ;apHTe
OHH 6yJJ;yT JJ;apHTb OHH rro,ZJ;apu
Imperative
JJ;apH! JJ;apHTe! IIOJJ;apH! rro.n;apHTe!

Table 83
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS IIPOEOBATbmOIIPOEOBATb
(liTO?) IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

11pofioBa t h (1-ICB) I HOII(lOOoBa 1 h (CB)

Present tense
B rrpo6yro Mbl rrpo6yeM Verbs in the perfective aspect
Tbl rrpo6yeiiib Bbi rrpo6yeTe have no present tense.
OH, OHa rrpo6yeT OHH rrpo6yiOT
240 YpoK 16. MA~M B rDCTM. B rDCTHX

Continued
npooomut. (HCB) I nonpoooBalh (CB)
Past tense
Tbl, OH rrpo6oBan
H, Tbl, OH rrorrpo6oBan
H,

H, Tbl, OHa rrpo6oBana H, Tbi, OHa rrorrpo6oBana

Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrpo6oBaJIH Mbl, Bbl, OHH rrorrpo6oBaJIH


Future tense
g 6y.[{y rrpo6oBaTb g rrorrpo6y10

Tbl 6y,~J;ernb rrpo6oaaTb Tbl rrorrpo6yernb


OH,OHa 6y,~J;eT rrpo6oBaTb OH,OHa rrorrpo6yeT
Mbl 6y,~J;eM rrpo6oBaTb Mbl rrorrpo6yeM
Bbl 6y,~J;eTe rrpo6oaaTb Bbl rrorrpo6yeTe
OHH 6y,~J;yT rrpo6oBaTb OHH rrorrpo6yroT
Imperative
rrpo6yif! rrpo6yifTe! rrorrpo6yif! rrorrpo6yifTe!

Remember:
The verbs Jle:HCamb I KJlacmb I nOJlo:HCumb.
The verb JleJICam& zoe? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun is used in
the prepositional case.
- Foe JleJICUm J<.Huza? - Where is the book lying?
- KHuza JleJICum Ha cmoAe. -The book is lying on the table.
The verb l<Jlacm& ~<.yoa? ttmo? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun is
used in the accusative case.
-Kyoa oH l<Jlaoem J<.Huzy? - Where is he laying the book?
- OH l<Jlaoem J<.Huzy Ha cmoA. - He is laying the book on the
table.
The verb noAoJICum& ~<.yoa? ttmo? in the perfective aspect+ a noun is
used in the accusative case.
-Kyoa oH noAOJICWZJ<.Huzy? -Where did he lay the book?
- OH noAOJICUJl J<.Huzy Ha cmoJl. - He laid the book on the table.

Remember:
With every noun that you useJleJICamb, you can also use l<Jlacm& and
noAoJICUmb.
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 241

Table 84
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS JIE)J{ATh/KJIACThlllOJIO)J{HTh
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

JlemaTb (HCB) I KJ13CTL (HCB) I IIO.JJOJI\11 rh (CB)


Present tense
ne:>Ky
.~r .If Kna~y

Tbi ne:>KJIIIIb Tbl Kn~eiiib


OH, OHa ne:>KIIT OH,OHa Kna~eT Verbs in the perfective
Mbl rre:>KIIM Mbl Kn~eM aspect have no present
Bbi rre:>KJITe Bbi Kn~ere tense.
OHII rre:>KaT OHJI Kna~yT
Past tense
Tbi, OH rre:>Kan
.If, .If, Tbl, OH Knarr .If, Tbl, OH IIOITO:>KIIIT
Tbi, OHa rre:>Kana
.~r, .If, Tbi, oHa Krrana .If, Thi, oHa rrono:>KJirra
Mbl, Bbl, OHJI ne:>KanJI Mbl, Bbl, OHJI KnaiTII Mbl, Bbl, OHJI IIOITO:>KJinli
Future tense
.~r 6y~y
rre:>KaTb .If 6y~y KrraCTb .If rrorro:>Ky
Tbi 6y~eiiib
rre:>KaTh Thi 6y~eiiib KnacTh Tbl IIOITO:>Kliiiib
OH, OHa 6y~eT rre:>KaTb OH, OHa 6y~eT KnaCTb OH, OHa IIOITO:>KJIT
Mbi 6y~eM rre:>KaTb Mbl 6y~eM KrraCTb Mbl IIOITO:>KJIM
Bbi 6y~eTe rre:>KaTb Bbi 6y~cre KnaCTb Bbl IIOITO:>KIITe
OHII 6y~YT rre:>KaTb OHJI 6y~yT KrraCTb OHII rrorro:>KaT
Imperative
rre:>KII! rre:>KMTe! Krra~II! Krra~IITe! IIOITO:>KJI! IIOITO:>KJITe!

Remember:
The verbs cmo.Rmb I cmaoumb I nocmaoumb.
The verb cmoflmb zoe? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun is used in
the prepositional case.
-Toe cmoum l!aua<.a? -Where is the cup?
- tfaua<a cmoum Ha cmo!le. -The cup is sitting on the table.
The verb cmaeumb limo? Kyoa? in the imperfective aspect+ a noun
is used in the accusative case.
- Kyoa oH cmaBum l!autKy? -Where is he putting the cup?
- OH cmaBum ttautK)I Ha cmo!l. - He is putting the cup on the
16-629
table.
242 YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTM. B rDCTRX

The verb nocmaBumb eyoa? t~mo? in the perfective aspect+ a noun


is used in the accusative case.

-Kyoa oH nocmaBwz t~awey? -Where did he put the cup?


- OH nocmaBwz t~awey Ha cmoll. - He put the cup on the table.
Remember:
With every noun that you use cmoRmb, you can also use cmaBumb
and nocmaBumb.

Table 85
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
CTOHTb/CTABHTbiiiOCTABHTh
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

c I OH I h (II c B) ClaBIIIh (JICB) IIOCiaBIIIh (CB)


Present tense
g CTOIO g CTaBJIIO
Thi CTOHIIIL Thi CTaBHIIIL Verbs in the perfective
OH,OHa CTOHT OH,OHa CTaBHT aspect have no present
Mhi CTOHM Mhi CTaBHM tense.
Bhi CTOHTe BLI CTaBHTe
OHH CTO.H:T OHH CTaB.H:T
Past tense
.H:, Thi, OH CTO.H:JI .H:, Thi, OH CTaBHJI .H:, Thi, OH IIOCTaBHJI
.H:, Thi, OHa CTO.H:Jia .H:, TLI, OHa CTaBHJia .H:, Thi, OHa IIOCTaBHJia
MLI, Bhi, OHH CTO.H:JIH Mhi, BLI, OHH CTaBHJIH Mhi, Bhi, OHH IIOCTa.BH.JIH
Future tense
.H: 6y~y CTO.H:TL .H: 6y~ CTaBHTh .H: IIOCTaBJIIO
Thi 6y~eiiiL CTO.H:TL Thi 6y~eJ.IJb craBHI'b Thi IIOCTaBHIIIL
OH, OHa 6y~eT CTO.H:TL OH, OHa 6y~eT CTaBHTh OH, OHa IIOCTaBHT
Mhi 6y~eM CTO.H:TL Mhi 6y~eM CTaBH'I'L Mhi IIOCTaBHM
Bhi 6y~eTe CTO.H:TL BLI 6y~ere cramm. Bhi IIOCTaBHTe
OHH 6y~ CTO.H:TL OHH 6y~ CTaBHTh OHH IIOCTaB.H:T
Imperative
CTOH! CTOHTe! CTaBL! CTaBLTe! IIOCTaBL!IIOCTaBLTe!
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 243

Table 86
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
HAJIHBATh/HAJIHTh (liTO? KY,lfA? KOMY?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

ua.Hma11> (IICB) I mw111 ~> (CB)


Present tense
H HaJIHBaiO Mhl HaJIHBaeM
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Thl HaJIHBaeiiib Bbl HaJIHBaeTe
have no present tense.
OH, OHa HaJIHBaeT OHH HaJIHBaiOT
Past tense
Thl, OH HaJIHBaJI
H, H,Tbl, OH HaJIHJI
Thl, OHa HaJIHBaJia
H, H,Thl, OHa HaJIHJia
Mhl Bhl, OHH HaJIHBaJIH Mhl, Bhl, OHH HaJIHJIH
Future tense
j{ 6y.zzy HaJIHBaTb j{ HaJibiO
Thl 6y,!J;eiiib HaJIHBaTb Thl HaJibeiiib
OH,OHa 6y,!J;eT HaJIHBaTb OH,OHa HaJibfu
Mhl 6y,!J;eM HaJIHBaTb Mbl HaJibeM
Bhl 6y,!J;eTe HaJIHBaTb Bhl HaJibfue
OHH 6y,!J;yr HaJIHBaTb OHH HaJibiOT
Imperative
HaJIHBaH! HaJIHBaHTe! HaJieH! HaJieHTe!

Explanation: till, tllll, tlllll


If the word CaM (ca.Ma, ca.Mu) occurs after a noun or a personal pro-
noun, it means that the subject is acting without help, independently.
Jl ca.Ma npuzomoBwza M.R.co. I cooked the meat myself.
OH CaM oeJZaem ynpa:JICHeHWI.. He is doing the exercises by him-
self.

Remember: MHe
Te6e
eMY Be3fu!
eii ITOBe3nO!
HaM ITOBe3fu!
BaM
HM
244 YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTH. B rOCTSIX

Table 87
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS
tiJOTOFPAtiJHPOBATh/CtiJOTOFPAtiJHPOBATh (KOFO? qTO?)
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

!J>o ro1 p:uJmpoBa l'h (HCB) I c!JJOTorp:uJmpoBa u. (CB)


Present tense
H 4>oTorpa4>MpyiO
Thl 4>oTOrpa4>Mpyeun, Verbs in the perfective aspect
OH, OHa 4>oTOrpa4>MpyeT have no present tense.
Mbi 4>oTorpa4>MpyeM
Bbi 4>0Torpa4>MpyeTe
OHM
Past tense
H, Thl, OH 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBa.JI H, Thl, OH c4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaJI
H, Thl, OHa 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBa.Jia H, Tbl, OHa c4>0TOrpa4>MpOBaJia

Future tense
H 6y,11;y 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb x c4>oTOrpa4>Mpyro
Thl 6y,11;elll1> 4>0Torpa4>HpoBaTh Thl c4>oTOrpa4>Mpyelllb
OH, OHa 6y,11;eT 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb OH, OHa c4>oTOrpa4>MpyeT
Mhl 6y,11;eM 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb Mhl c4>oTorpa4>MpyeM
Bbl 6y,11;eTe 4>oTOrpa4>MpOBaTb c4>oTOrpa4>MpyeTe
OHM 6 ,11;

4>oTorpa4>Hpyii!
iiTe!

Table 88
CONJUGATION OF THE VERBS YJihiEAThCRIYJlhlEHYThCR
IN THE PRESENT, PAST AND FUTURE TENSES

y.III.Jfiaii.CH (IICB) I y.llhlfinyJM'U (CB)


Present tense
H yJihl6aiOCb Mhl yJihl6aeMCH
Verbs in the perfective aspect
Thl YJII>I6aelllbcx Bhl yJihl6aeTeC1>
have no present tense.
OH, OHa YJibi6aeTCH OHH YJibi6aiOTCH
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 245

Continued
~Jtbtoatt.CH (IICB) I ~ .I hi Oil~ I b c !I (c B)
Past tense
SI, TLI, OH yJILI6aJICSI SI, TLI, OH yrrM6HyncSI
SI, TLI, OHa yrrLr6ar.racL SI, TLI, OHa yrrLI6HyrracL
MLI, BLI, OHH YJILI6aJIHCL Mbl, Bhl, OHH YJILI6HyJIHCL
Future tense
Sl 6y,ny ynbi6aTLCSI Sl YJILI6HyCL
TLI 6y,neUIL yrrLr6aTLCSI Tbi yrrLr6HeUILcSI
OH,OHa 6y,neT ynLI6aTLCSI OH,OHa yrrLr6HeTcSI
MLI 6y,neM YJILI6aTLCSI MLI yrrLr6HeMcSI
BLI 6y,neTe ynbi6aTLCSI BLI ynLI6H~hecL
OHH 6y,nyTYJILI6aTLCSI OHH YJILI6HYTCSI
Imperative
yrrLr6aifcSI! yrrLr6aifTecL! YJILI6HHCL! yrrLI6HHTecL!

Explanation
In Russian expressions of high levels of actions or conditions fre-
quently use the pronouns: KaK, cKOllbKo, KaKou (-aR, -oe, -ue).
- KaK BKycHol (m.e. otteHb -How delicious! (i.e. very de1i-
6KJ'CHo) cious)
- KaK R paoa! (m.e. otteH& -How glad I am! (i.e. very glad)
paoa)
-KaKoH uzpaem! (m. e. otteHb -How he plays! (i.e. He plays
xopotuo uzpaem) very well.)
- CKOllbKO £16emo6 I (m. e. -So many flowers! (i.e. very
OtteHb MH020) many)
- CKOJlbKO nooapKo6! (m.e. -So many presents! (i.e. very
OtteHb MH020) many)
-KaKou BKYCH&zu mopm! - Such a delicious cake!
- KaKoe Kpacu6oe nJZam&e! - Such a pretty dress!
-KaKou mopm! (m.e. otteHb - What a cake! (i.e. very delicious
6KYCHbZU WlU KpacU6bZU) or pretty)
- KaKaR nozooa! (m.e. otteHb - What weather! (i.e. very good)
xopoutaR)
The pronoun KaK is used with adverbs or verbs and signifies a high
level of action or situation.
-KaKuHmepecHo! (m.e. otteHb - How interesting! (i.e. very inter-
uHmepecHo) esting)
246 YpoK 16. HAEM B rotTH. B rOCTJIX

-KaT< R ycmaJZa! (m.e. otJeHb yc- -How tired I am! (i.e. very tired)
maJZa)
- KaT< OH noem! (m.e. OlJeHb xo- -How he sings! (i.e. He sings
pouw noem) very well.)

The pronoun CKOllbKO is used with nouns in the Genitive plural and
signifies a high number.
- CKOJlbKO zocmeu! (m.e. OlJeHb - So many guests! (i.e. very many)
MH020)
- CKOJlbKO nooapK06! (m.e. OlJeHb -So many presents! (i.e. very
MH020) many)
- CKOllbKO KHuz! (m.e. otteHb MHO- -So many books! (i.e. verymany)
zo)

The pronoun KaKou (-aR, -oe, -ue) is used with adjectives and nouns
in the nominative case to signify a high level of sign. Please note that
KaKou is used only with a noun.
-KaKou 6K)'CHblU caJZam! -What a delicious salad!
=KaKou caJZam!
- KaKoe Kpacueoe Mambe! - What a pretty dress!
= KaKoe nllambe!
- KaKaR xopoutafl nozooa! - What beautiful weather!
= KaKaR nozooa I

It is important to distinguish between expressive-descriptive phrases


and questions. This is done through intonation.
- CKOllbKO f16emoe! -So many flowers!
-/(a, otteHb MHozo. -Yes, very many.
- CKOllbKO f16emoe? -IlRmb. - How many flowers? -Five.
- KaKue f16embll -/(a, 3aMetta- -What flowers!- Yes, splendid.
meJZbHble.
- KaKue f16embl? - Po3bl. -What flowers?- Roses.
-KaT< OH uzpaem!- /(a, Omllutt- -How he plays! - Yes, excel-
HO. lently.
-KaT< OH uzpaem? - Ilo-MoeMy, - How does he play? - In my
He otJeHb xopouw. opinion, not very well.

Such expressive phrases are very common is Russian. Your Russian


will sound more natural if you use them in everyday conversation.
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 247

YnpaiHHeHHH • Exercises
1. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verb oapumblnooapumb.
- qTO Thl ... CBOeH ITO):{pyre Ha ):{eHJ, pO)K):{eHHJI? - J! ... e:H pyCCKHe
cyBeHHphl. - JI He 3Haro, qTo ... ):{py3LJIM Ha Po)K):{eCTBO. - ... HM KHHm
o pyccKOM HCKyCCTBe. - qTo Bbi o6hlqHo ... po):{HTemrM Ha HoBhlH ro):{?
- 06biqHO Mbl ... KHHrH HJIH ITJiaCTHHKH. 0Ha )')Ke ... eMy aJib60M, KaC-
CeTbl, a Tenepb xoqeT ... qTQ-HH6y):{b HOBOe. PaHbille OH ... MaMe UBeTbi, a
ce:Hqac ... ):{yxH. - Ha 8 MapTa Bbi ... ):{eBymKaM UBeThl? - KoHeqHo,
Mbl ... HM UBeThl. 11HOr):{a pO):{HTeJIH ... CbiHY Ha npa3):{HHK ):{eHbrH. ,lJ;aBaH
... HaTame xopomHe qacbi! Bcema ... no):{pyraM UBeTLI! 3ro oqeHb xopo-
mH:H ITO):{apoK!

2. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs Jle:HCamb!KJJacmbl
nOIIO:HCUmb,
Yqe6HHK ... Ha crone. 06hlqHo R ... B qa:H 2 KycKa caxapa .... MHe,
ITO)I(aJIYHCTa, HeMHOro CaJiaTa. Kor,l:{a OH ..• Ha ):{HBaHe, OH ):{YMaJI 0 CBOeH
,l:{eBymKe. qTo Bhl o6hlqHo ... B CYMKY?- Tbi He 3Haemb, me MOH pyqKa?
- Mo)l(eT 6biTb, oHa ... B cyMKe? PaHbme oHa ... B Ko!l>e 3 KycKa caxapa,
a ce:Hqac ... O):{HH. He ... B qa:H MHoro caxapa! 3ro Bpe):{HO! 3aBTPa Mbi ...
yqe6HHKH H TeTpa):{H B cyMKH H no:ii):{eM B YHHBepcmeT. Ky):{a Thl ... MOH
KHHrH? Mbi BCer,l:{a ... CBOH BeiUH B illKa4>. - qTO Thl 6y):{eillb ,l:{eJiaTb
3aBrpa BeqepoM? - HHqero, ... Ha ):{HBaHe H qHTaTb. qTO ... Ha CTOJie?

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs cmoRmblcmaBumbl
nocmaBumb.
Ha OCTaHOBKe aBT06yca ... C'I)'.ll;eHTbi. 06biqHO H ... UBeThi B Ba3y.
0H ... y Merpo 2 qaca H )l(,l:{aJI ee •... , ITO)I(aJIYHCTa, Ha CTOJI qamKH. f'):{e y
Bac ... TeJieBH3op? Mbi Bcema ... Ha CTOJI caMbie KpacHBbie TapeJIKH. Ky):{a
Bbl ... CTYJibH ?.... BCer,l:{a BCe.. Ha MeCTO.ITT
,._.,aBaH
u
... UBeTbi B BO):{y.IJIeHa ...
proMKH, 6oKaJihl H 6yrhlJIKH Ha CTOJI. CnacH6o 3a UBeTbi! Ce:Hqac H ... HX
B BO):{y. Ky):{a OHa 06hlqHo ... KHHrH? f'):{e ... ee KHHrH?

4. Complete the sentences.


JI Bcema caM .... Hpa caMa .... Bbi CaMH ... ? HeT, oH He caM .... HeT,
Mhl He caMH .... Tbi caM ... ?

5. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs HartUBambluartumb.
CBeTa ... qa:H B qamKy H noJIO)I(HJia Ha TapenKy neqeHbe .... , no)l(a-
ny:HcTa, Ko!l>e! Ce:Hqac oHa ... BaM BO):{bi. He cTeCHHHTecL! ... BHHO, ITHBO,
qTO XOTHTe! Thl ... MHe KO!l>e HJIH H CaMa ... ? Kor,l:{a OHa ... BHHO B CTaKa-
248 YpoH 16. HAEM B rocnt. B rOCTHX

HLI, 3a3BOHHJI reneQ:>oH. Om1 scer~a ... B KoQ:>e HeMHoro MonoKa. Ky~a BLI
... qa,H? KoMy ... qaif, KOMY- KO<):>e?- liTO TLI ... B CTaKaH?- 5.£ ... BO~y.
KoQ:>e lzy)KHO ... MeMeHHO.
6. Fill ln the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs 6e:Jem, no6e:JIIO,
noBe:Jem.
MHe ... , H KyiiHJia 6HneTI:.I B EonLmoif TeaTp. EMy scema ... ! TaHe
He ... , oHa 3a6onena B csoif ~eHL po)l(,lleHHH. B cne~yrow;Hif pa3 BaM
o6H3aTenLHO .... 11M ... , y HHX oqeHL xopomHe ~py3LH. - Te6e ... ? -
QqeHL pe~Ko. Bqepa He ... , cero~HH He ... , MO)KeT 6LITL, ... 3aBTPa?
7. Read the following phrases and explain their meaning.
KaKRH KBaPTHpa? KaKRH KBaPTHpa! CKonLKO ~py3eif? CKoni:.Ko ~py-
3eif! KaK JleHa noer? KaK JleHa noer! KaKOH TOpT? KaKOH TOpT! KaKHe
UBeTLI? KaKHe UBeTLI!
8. Fill in the blanks with the proper punctuation.
- KaKRH noro~a -TennRH.
- KaKRH noro~a - ):(a, npeKpacHRH.
- CKonLKO rocTeif -5.
- CKonLKO rocTeif - ):(a, oqeHI:. MHoro.
- KaK oH HrpaeT Ha TIHaHHHO_ _ -He oqeHL xopomo.
- KaK oH HrpaeT Ha TIHaHHHO_ _ -):(a, 3aMeqaTenLHO.
- KaKo:H KOCTIOM -llepHLIH.
- KaKOH KOCTIOM - Ilpas~a, KpaCHBI:.IH.
- KaKoif canaT -0BOID;HOH.
- KRKoif canaT - ):(a, oqeHL BKYCHLIH.
9. Rephrase the sentences using the adverb shown in the example.
a) Example: - QqeHL seceno!
- KaK seceno!
QqeHL BKycHo. QqeHL pa~a sac BH~eTL. 5.£ oqeHL ycTana. OH HrpaeT
npeKpacHO. 0Ha noeT 3aMeqaTenLHO. BLI roTOBHTe oqeHI:. BKYCHO. TLI
rosopHmL no-pyccKH omHqHo.
6) Example: - MHoro UBeTOB!
- CKonLKO UBeTOB!
MHoro no~apKOB. MHoro KHHr. MHoro ~py3eif. Y sac MHoro )Kyp-
Hanos. Y Te6H MHoro KacceT. MHoro rocreif.
B) Example: - QqeHL KpacHBoe nnaTLe.
- KaKoe KpacHBoe nnaTI:.e!
- KRKoe nnaTLe!
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 249
QqeHb BKYCHbiH carraT. QqeHb MO,n;HI>IH KOCTIOM. BKycHoe Mopo:>Ke-
Hoe. KpacHBaJI .n;esyiiiKa. IIpeKpacHI>Ie :useTI>I. Y Te6H xopoiiiHe .n;py3I>H.
MHe rro.n;apmm xopoiiiHe rro.n;apKH. Cero,n;HH OTJmqHbiH ,n;eHI>.
10. Change the question to an expressive-descriptive phrase and the expres-
sive-descriptive phrases to questions.
KaKOH rro.n;apoK? KaKOH CTOJI! CKOJII>KO rocTei1! KaKoe BHHO? CKOJII>KO
,n;eHer? KaK oH rroer! KaK Thi roTOBHIIIb? KaKHe :useTI>I! KaKaJI cero,n;HH
rroro.n;a? KaKaJI cry,n;eHTKa!
11. Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the verbs l}Jomozpal}JUposambl
cl}Jomozpal}Juposam b.
,ll;asai1Te H sac ... ! - Toi xopoiiio ... ? - ,ll;a, H ... Herrnoxo. qTo Tbi
JII06HIIIb ... ? ... , rro:>Kanyi1cTa, MeHH H MOIO rro.n;pyry! PaHI>IIIe oHa He
oqeHI> xopoiiio ... , HO cei1:qac ... OTJIHqHo. 3asrpa Mbi rroe,n;eM B Cy3,n;arri>,
H TaM H ... CBOHX ,n;py3eH. Bqepa OH 6biJI Ha ,n;He po:>K,n;eH:HH H MHOrO ....
Tbi He 3Haeiiii>, Koro o6I>IqHo ... TBOH .n;pYJI>H?

llHanorH • Dialogues
1. Listen, repeat and read aloud the dialogues below.
1) HoiiM e zocmu Going to someone s house
a)
- 3.n;pascTsyi1:, CseTa! - Hello, Sveta!
- 3.n;pascTByi1, Caiiia! - Hello, Sasha!
-KaK,n;ena? - How are you?
- CrracH6o, OTJIHqHo. Y MeHH xo- - Excellent, thanks. I am in a good
poiiiee HacrpoeHHe, rroToMy qro mood because my birthday is
cKopo MOH ,n;eHI> po:>K,n;eHHH. coming up soon.
- Ilo3,n;paBJIHIO! - Congratulations!
- Caiiia, H rrpHmaiiiaiO Te6H B ro- - Sasha, I invite you to my house
CTH Ha MOH ,n;eHI> po:>K.n;eHHH. on my birthday.
- CrracH6o 3a rrpHmaiiieHHe, H - Thanks for the invitation, I will
o6H3aTeJII>HO rrpH,n;y. A Kor.n;a? definitely be there. When?
- 15 HHBapH B 18 qacOB. 3TO cy6- -January 15 at 18:00. It's a Sa-
6oTa. turday.
6)
- IlpHBeT, OJIH! -Hi,Olya!
- IlpHBeT, Mpa! KaK .n;ena? - Hi, Ira! How are you?
- CrracH6o, xopoiiio, HO ecTb rrpo- - Fine, thanks, but I have a prob-
6neMa. B cy66ory H H.n;y Ha .n;eHI> lem. Saturday I am going to my
po:>K.n;eH:HH K rro.n;pyre H He 3HaiO, friend's house for her birthday,
qTo ei1: rro.n;apHTb. and I don't know what to give her.
250 YPDK 16. MAEM B rOCTM. B rDCTJIX

- A qeM oHa HHTepecyeTcB? Ka- -What is she interested in? What


Koe y Hee xo66H? are her hobbies?
- 0Ha HHTepecyeTCB JIHTepa- -She's interested in literature,
rypoH,MY3hlKOH,TeaTpOM. music, theater.
- Tor.n;a eH MO)KHO rro.n;apHTL xo- - Then you can give her good
pomHe KHHrH, arrL60Mhl, rrrrac- books, albums, records, text-
THHKH, yqe6HHKH ... books ...
- KHHrn B ~e .n;apHJia, rrrraCTHH- - I already gave her books, records
KH TO)Ke ... Mo)KeT 6LI'Th, rrpaB.n;a, also ... True, maybe I could give
KyrrHTI> XOpOillHH yqe6HHK ITO her a good English language text-
aHr.JIHHCKOMY B3LIKy? MJm aJII>- book? Or an album with photo-
6oM C<!Jororpa<lJMBMH apTHCTOB? graphs of performers?
- XopomM H.n;eB! Bee 3To MO)K- -Good idea! You can buy every-
HO KYIIHTI> B «):(OMe KHHrH» Ha thing at "Dom knigi" on the
HoBOM Ap6aTe. TaM eme MO)K- New Arhat. You may also see
HO IIOCMOTpeTL qTO-HH6y.n;L HH- something else interesting there.
TepeCHOe.
- CrracH6o 3a coBeT! - Thanks for your advice!
B)
- IlpHBeT, Carnal -Hi, Sasha!
- IlpHBeT, AHTOH! -Hi, Anton!
- Thl H.n;emL KJleHe Ha .n;eHL po)K- -Are you going to Lena's for her
.n;eHHB? birthday?
- KoHeqHo, H.n;y. 0Ha MeHB rrpH- - Of course I'm going. She invit-
macHrra. ed me.
- A qro Thl eH rro.n;apHmL? - What are you going to give her?
- .H KYIIHJI KpaCHBYIO Ba3Y H llBe- - I bought a pretty vase and flow-
Thl. A Thl? ers. And you?
- A B rro.n;ap10 eH .n;yxH, KOHeqHo, - I will give her perfume, and
llBeThl, a eme rrpa3,ll;HHqHhlH flowers of course, and also a
TOpT, Ha KOTOpOM 6y.n;eT HaiiH- birthday cake which has "Hap-
CaHO KpeMOM «C .n;HeM po)K,ll;e- PY Birthday Olya" in icing on
HHB, 0Jljl!». it.
- Morro.n;ell! XopomHe rro.n;apKH! -Great! Those are good gifts!
2) flpu2llauteHue Ha 'lautKy 'lClfl Invitation for tea
a)
- TaHB, qTo TI>I .n;erraemL cero.n;HB - Tanya, what are you doing this
BeqepoM? evening?
- HHqero, B cBo6o.n;Ha. -Nothing, I'm free.
- IlpHXO,ll;H KO MHe Ha qamKy qaB. - Come by for tea. I made cook-
.H c.n;errarra rreqeHLe. Ey.n;eM IIHTh ies. We'll drink tea with cook-
qaH c rreqeHLeM. ies.
- C )',ll;OBOJII>CTBHeM rrpH.n;y! - I'll be there with pleasure!
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 251

6)
- TaHR, rrpoxo,n;H, IIO)I(a.JiyiicTa, B - Tanya, come on into the room.
KOMHaTY. Ca,n;Hcb! Have a seat.
- CrracH6o. -Thank you.
- qaH: ~e roTOB. Ceiiqac R Ha- -The tea is ready. Now I'll pour
JibiO ero H rroJio)l(y rreqeHbe Ha the tea and put the cookies on a
TapenKy. Te6e KaKoii qaii? plate. How do you want your
KperrKHH HJIH He oqeHb? tea? Strong or weak?
- He oqeHb. KaKoe rreqeHbe! M -Weak. What cookies! They're
KpacHBOe, HBKYCHoe. ,ll;aH:, rro- pretty and delicious. Will you
)l(a.JiyiicTa, peuerrT. give me the recipe?
- .5I qacTo .n;enaro 3TO rreqeHbe. - I often make these cookies. They
Ero MO)I(HO nerKo H 6blcTpo are easy and quick to make.
rrpHrOTOBHTb. A BOT peuem. Ta- Here's the recipe. Tanya, how's
HR, KaK qaii, He oqeHb ropRqHH? the tea? Not too hot?
- HeT, xoponmH:. -No, it's good.
- Em;e qarneqKy? - Do you want another cup?
- HeT, cnacH6o. MHe rropa. Crra- -No, thanks. It's time for me to go.
cH6o 3a qaii H rreqeHbe! Thanks for the tea and cookies!
-He 3a qTO! ,ll;o BCTPeqH! -You're welcome. See you soon!
B)
- Pe6RTa, npoxo,n;HTe! Ca,n;HTecb! - Guys, come on in. Sit down.
Ceiiqac 6y,n;eM IIHTb qaii. Mo- We'll have some tea. Does
)l(eT, KTO-HH6y,n;b xoqeT KO!l>e? anyone want coffee? Who wants
KoMy qaii? KoMy Ko!l>e? tea and who wants coffee?
- MHe qaii, IIO)I(a.JiyiicTa. - I'll have tea, please.
- A MHe KO!l>e. - I'll have coffee.
- Oner, Te6e qaii c caxapoM, c - Oleg, do you want tea with
JIHMOHOM? KperrKHH? sugar? Lemon? Strong?
- EcnH MO)I(HO, KperrKHH H c ca- - Strong with sugar, if possible.
xapoM.
- fuopb, a Te6e KaKOH KO!l>e? C - Igor, how do you want your
MOJIOKOM HJIH qepHbiH? C caxa- coffee? With milk or black?
pOM HJIH 6e3 caxapa? With or without sugar?
- C MOJIOKOM H 6e3 caxapa. - With milk and without sugar.
- Oner, TBOH qaii. BoT caxap. -Here's your tea, Oleg. There's the
I!OJIO)I(H CKOJibKO xoqernb. sugar. Use as much as you need.
Mropb, TBOH Ko!l>e. BoT MOJIOKO. Igor, here's your coffee. Here's
HaneH:, cKOJibKO HY)I(HO. Em;e the milk. Pour as much as you
6epHTe rreqeHbe, BapeHbe, KOH- want. And take some cookies,
!l>eni. lleqeHbe R caMa rrpHro- preserves, candy. I made the
TOBHJia. cookies myself.
252 YpoK 16. MJl~M B rOCTH. B rOCTRX

- KaK BK)'CHo! - How delicious!


- KaKoe Bapem.e! - What preserves!
- Yrom;aifTecb! - Help yourself!
- llpiDITHOro arrrreTHTa! -Bon appetite!
- CrracH6o, Marna, Bee oqeHb - Thank you Masha. Everything
BKYCHO. was delicious.

3) Ha oHe po:J~Coemm. (Y opy3eu) A friends' birthday


a)
- JleHa, II03.n;paBnHeM Te6H C.D;HeM - Lena, best wishes for your birth-
po)I(J(eHHH! CqacTbH Te6e, mo6- day. We wish your happiness,
BH H Bcero caMoro-caMoro xo- love and all the very best.
pornero.
- CrracH6o, pe6na. - Thanks, guys.
- IlpHMH HaiiiH CKpOMHbie IIO- -Please accept our gifts.
.n;apKH.
- 0, KaKaH Ba3a! KaKHe .n;yxH! - Oh, what a vase! And perfume!
CKoni>KO UBeTOB! .5! oqeHb TpO- So many flowers! I am very
Hyra. IIpoxo.n;HTe,pe6HTa! IIo- touched Please come in guys.
3HaKOMI>Tecb C MOHMH IIO.n;py- Meet my friends.
raMH.
- OqeHb rrpHHTHO, Carna, AHroH! - Nice to meet you, Sasha, Anton.
MI>I yqHMCH BMecTe c JleHoii B We study with Lena at the
YHHBepcHTeTe. university.
- raM, MapHHa. A Mbl BMeCTe c - Galya, Marina. We studied with
JleHOH yqHnHCb B IIIKOne. Lena at school.
6)
- Pe6na, rrporny Kcrony. Ca.n;H- - Dinner is served. Have a seat.
Tecb!
-0, KaKoii cron! KaK Bee Kpa- -What a table! It is so pretty!
CHBo!
- tiro KOMY rronmKHTb? lJTo KOMY -What can I serve everyone?
HaHHTb? What can I pour for everyone?
-He cTeCHHHTeci>! Yrom;aifTeci>! -Don't be shy, help yourself!
- IIorrpo6yi1Te 3TOT canaT. - Try this salad.
- KaK BK)'CHo! -How delicious!
- OqeHb BKYCHbiH H opHrHHani>- - Very delicous and unique.
HbiH!
- Mo:>KHo xne6? - May I have some bread?
- llo:>KanyiicTa. - Here you go.
- Kna.n;HTe MHco, pi>I6y, OBOIIJ;H, - Serve yourself meat, fish, veg-
HaHHBaHTe BHHO. etables, pour some wine.
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'S HOUSE 253

- Mo:>KHO KycoqeK Kon6aci>x? - Can I have a piece of sausage?


- A MHe KycoqeK CI>Ipa? - Can I have a piece of cheese?
B)
- Pe6HTa, H npe.[{nararo TOCT 3a - Everyone, I propose a toast to
JleHy. JleHa, nyCTb BCer,[{a BTBO- Lena. Lena, may your house
eM ,[{OMe 6y.[{eT TaK :>Ke XOpOIIIO always be as happy as today.
H Beceno, KaK cero,[{HH. IlycTI> May you always have good
BCer,[{a pH.[{OM C T060H 6y.[{yT friends around you.
.[{py3I>H!
- JleHa, a H Te6e :>Kenaro cqacTI>H - Lena, I wish you happines in
BnHqHOH :>KH3HH! your personal life.
- A Mbi :>KenaeM Te6e ycnexoB B - And we wish you success in
yqe6e! 11 BCer,[{a 6biTb MOllO,[{OH your studies. And that you
H KpaCHBOH! 11 qT06bi Thl BCe- always remain as young and
r,[{a ynM6anaci>! beautiful, and always smile!
- Pe6na, cnacH6o BaM 3a xopo- - Everyone, thank you for the kind
IIIHe cnoBa, 3a no,[{apKH. IIpaB- words and gifts. It's true what
.[{y roBopHT: «He HMeH: 100 py6- they say: "Better to have 100
neH:, a HMeH: 100 .[{py3eH:»! friends than 100 rubles".
- 3a Te6H, JleHa! -Here's to you, Lena!
r)
- Pe6HTa, ,[{aBaH:Te nocnyrnaeM - Everyone, let's listen to music
MY3I>IKY HnoTaHu;yeM. and dance.
- XopornaH H,[{eH! A noTOM 6y.[{eM - Good idea! And then we'll have
nHTb qaH: H Ko<)>e. tea or coffee.
- A Oner MO:>KeT HrpaTb Ha rH- - And Oleg can play the guitar.
Tape.
-A KaK OH HrpaeT? - How does he play?
- 0TnHqHo, KaK aPTHCT. - Very well. Like a musician.
- JleHa, CKOllbKO y Te6H KHHr! - Lena - how many books you
have!
- ,l(a, KHHrH- MOe X066H! -Yes, books are my hobby.
- KaK ranH TaHI.J;yeT! - How Galya dances!
- KaK Beceno! -How fun!
.[{)
- Pe6HTa, .[{aBaH:Te c<)>oTOrpa<)>H- - Everyone, let's take a picture.
pyeMcH Ha naMHTb!
- ,l(aBaH:Te! CMHTeCb no6nH:>Ke! -Let's! Sit closer. Smile!
Yni>I6aH:TeCI>!
- 0TnHqHo! foTOBbi? BHHMaHHe! - Excellent. Ready? Attention!
- ,l(aBaHTe eme pa3! Carna, Te- - Let's take another one. Sasha,
nepb Thl ca.[{HCI>! BHHMaHHe! now you sit down. Attention ...
YnM6HHTeci>! foToBo! smile ... ready!
254 YpoK 16. HAEM B rocnt. B rOCTHX

e)
- JleHa, HaM rropa. Y Te6.SI 6LIJIO -Lena, it's time for us to go. We
otieHL Beceno H xoporno. Crra- had a wonderful time. Thank
cw6o Te6e 3a rocTenpHHMCTBO. you for your hospitality.
- Crracw6o BaM! MHe rroBe3no, y - Thank you! I am lucky that I
MeH.SI xopornwe .llPY3L.SI. Crra- have such good friends. Thanks
cw6o 3a rrpH.SITHLIH Betiep! 5£ for a pleasant evening. I appre-
otieHL BaM 6naro,llapHa 3a Bee. ciate everything.
)I()
- Carna, KaK TLI npoBen cy66ory? - Sasha, how did you spend Sat-
urday?
- 0rJIH'IHO. 5£ 6LIJI Ha ,llHe pO)I(- - I t was great. I was at Lena's for
,lleHH.SI y JleHLI. TaM 6LIJIH ee her birthday. Her old and new
CTapLie H HOBLie .llPY3L.SI. ~ rro- friends were there. I met her
3HaKOMHJIC.SI C ee IlO.llpyraMH, friends with whom Lena stud-
OHH BMeCTe CJleHOH yqHJIHCL B ied in school.
liiKOJie.
-ELmo Beceno? -Was it fun?
-,[{a, otieHL. MLI rrenw, TaHu;e- - Yes, very. We sang, danced, and
BaJIH, Oner wrpan Ha rHTape. Oleg played the guitar. Then we
IlOTOM c<PoTorpa<lmpOBaJIHCL took a picture to remember.
Ha naM.SITL. JleHa npeKpacHa.SI Lena is a great hostess. She
xo3.SIHKa. KaK oHa roTOBHT! H knows how to cook, and she's
O'IeHL rOCTerrpHHMHa.SI. very hospitable.

4) Ha oHe po:JICoeHUJl (y KOJIJlezu) A colleagues birthday


a)
- YBa)l(aeMLIH BHKTOp CepreeBH'!! - Respected Victor Sergeevich!
Ilo3,llpaBJI.SieM Bac c 106wneeM! We congratulate you on your
Pa3pernHTe ITO)I(eJiaTL BaM ycrre- birthday. We wish your success
xoB B Barneii HenerKoii pa6oTe, in your difficult work, happines
CtiaCTh.SI H,llOJirHX JieT )I(H3HH. and a long life.
- Cnacw6o 3a no3,llpaBJieHHe, Kon- - Thank you for the kind words. I
nern! Ilpwmarnaw Bac cerO,llH.SI would like to invite you to my
BetiepOM KO MHe B rOCTH. house this evening.
- C Y.llOBOJILCTBHeM rrpw,lleM. -We'll be there with pleasure!
6)
- Eme pa3 c .llHeM po)l(,lleHH.SI Bac, - Again, happy birthday, Victor
BHKTop CepreeBH'I! IlpHMHTe Sergeevich! Accept our very
HaliiH HaHJiyqliiHe IlO)I(eJiaHH.SI H best wishes, and our gifts.
IlO,llapKH!
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE 255

- Eom,moe cnacH6o! Ilo3Ha- - Thank you! I'd like to introduce


KOMbTecb, 3TO MOH )KeHa Onbra you to my wife Olga Mikhai-
MHXaiinoBHa, MOM CbiH Cepreif, lovna, my son Sergei, and my
MOH )J;Oqb KaTH. A 3TO MOM KOn- daughter Katya. These are my
nerH. colleagues.
- OqeHb npHHTHO. IIpoxo)J;HTe, -Nice to meet you. Come in,
no)KanyH:cTa. please.
- KaKaH y Bac yroTHaH KBaPTHpa! - What a cozy apartment you have!
- )];a, oHa He6onbmaH, HO oqeHb - Yes, it's small, but comfortable.
yromaH. M3BHHHTe, H nocTaBniO Excuse me, I'll put the flowers
UBeTbi BBa3y. in a vase.
B)
- Ilpomy KCTOny! -Dinner is served!
-CnacH6o! -Thank you.
- Kna)J;HTe, no)KanyifcTa, canaT, - Serve yourself salad, sausage,
Kon6acy, cblp ... Cepreif, HanH- cheese ... Sergei, can you pour
BaH BCeM BHHO! the wine?
- Pa3pemHTe npe)J;nO)KHTb TOCT. - I'd like to propose a toast. Viktor
BHKTOP CepreeBHq, Mbi, BamH Sergeevich, we - your collea-
KonnerH, oqeHb }'Ba)KaeM Bac 3a gues - have a great deal of
6onLmyro Hcepbe3HYID pa6ory. respect for your serious work.
)l(enaeM BaM 3)J;OpOBbH H 6onb- We wish you good health and
IliHX ycnexoB! 3a Bac! much success. Here's to you!
- CnacH6o 3a Tennbie cnoBa. - Thank you for the kind words.
-A H npe)J;nararo TOCT 3a X03HH- - And I propose a toast to our
KY )J;OMa! 3a Onbry MHxaif- hostess. To Olga Mikhailovna!
noBHy! Bee oqeHb, oqeHb BKyc- Everything was extremely deli-
Ho. 3a ee 30nOTbie PYKH! cious. To her magic touch.
- jl oqeHb pa)J;a. Yrow;aifTeCb! - I'm very glad. Have some more!
IIonpo6yifTe MHco, pbi6y... BaM Try the meat, fish ... Shall I serve
llOflO)KHTb MHCO? you some meat?
- CnacH6o. 0)J;HH KycoqeK. - Yes, please, one piece.
r)
- Ceifqac 6y)J;eM nHTb qaif HKo4Je. -Now we'll have tea and coffee.
KoMy qTO HanHTb? What would each of you like?
- EepHTe TOpT, KOH4JeTM, Bape- - Have a piece of cake, candy,
Hbe. some preserves.
- KaKoif TOpT! Bbi caMH roTo- -What delicious cake! Did you
BHnH? make it yourself?
- )];a, caMa. Ho KaTH TO)Ke no- - Yes, I did. But Katya helped me.
Morana.
)];)
- BHKTOp CepreeBHq, cKonbKO y - Viktor Sergeevich, you have so
BaC nnaCTHHOK! many records!
256 YpoK 16. HAEM B rOCTH. B rDCTHX

- ,ll;a, MY3I:.IKa- Moe yBne':leHI1e. - Yes, I am very interested in music.


- A KaKyro MY3biKY Bbi nro611Te? - What kind of music do you like?
- Xopornyro. Ho 6onbrne Bcero - Good music. But, I like classical
JII06JIIO KJiaCCI1':1eCKYIO. music best of all.
-A KTO Barn nro611MbiH KOM- - Who is your favorite composer?
II0311TOp?
- IIeTp Hnbl1':1 qa:HKoBCKI1:H. Y - Petr Ilich Chaikovskiy. I have a
MeHH eCTb KOJIJieKU11H BCeX ero collection of all of his works.
IIp0113Be.n;eHI1H.
e)
- Onbra M11xa:HJIOBHa, BI1KTop - Olga Mikhailovna, Viktor Ser-
CepreeBI1':1, 6onbrnoe crrac116o geevich, thank you very much
3a rrpeKpacHbiH Be':lep, 3a roc- for a wonderful evening, for
Terrp1111MCTBO! your hospitality.
- Crrac116o BaM 3a rro,n;apK11 11 Terr- - Thank you for your gifts, and
Jibie CJIOBa. your kind words.
5) Jloo2omo61<.a 1<. 6cmpeq,e 2ocmeu Preparing for your guests
- Y)l(e CKOpo roCTI1! A eme H11':1e- -The guests are coming soon!
ro He rOTOBO! And nothing is ready yet!
-Bee B rropH,n;Ke! BpeMH eme -Everything's OK. There's still
ecTb. qTO MHe HY*HO ,n;enaTb? time. What do I need to do?
- liOJI0)1(11 Ha CTOJI JIO)I(KI1, BI1JI- - Lay out the spoons, forks,
KI1, H0)1(11, cani}JeTKI1, IIOCTaBb knives, napkins, put out the
piOMKI1, 60KaJibl, 6yrbiJIKI1. wineglasses, glasses and bottles.
- CKOJibKO 6y,n;eT rocTe:H? - How many guests will there be?
-7. -7.
- TaK, 3Ha':II1T, 7 JIO)I(eK, B11JIOK, -That means 7 spoons, forks,
HO)I(eH, cani}JeTOK 11 7 piOMOK, knives napkins and 7 wineglasses,
6oKaJIOB. glasses.
- A R rroKa rrp11roTOBJIIO canaT 11 - And I'll prepare the salad and
MRCO. meat.
2. Guests have come to your house. What will you say to them as they come
in, and at the table?
3. You have gone to your friend's house for his birthday. What will you say
as you arrive, and at the table?
4. What toasts can you give?
5. What Russian saying talks about how important it is to have good friends?
What sayings about friendship do you have in your country?
6. Your friends are leaving your house. What phrases should you say to
them?
7. You are leaving a friend's house. What phrases should you say to your
friend?
Lesson 16. GOING TO SOMEONE'$ HOUSE 257

Teet • Quiz
1. Fill in the answers.
1) 6)
- qTO BI.I 06I.IqHo .n;apHTe CBOHM - KaKoii BaM qaif?
.n;py3MIM Ha ,IleHI. po)l()l;eHIDI?

2) 7)
- Kor.n;a Bhi o6hiqHo rrpHmarnae- - IlpHMHTe Halii CKpOMHI.IM
Te rocTeii? rro.n;apoK!

3) 8)
- qTO BaM IIOJIO)I(HTI.? - Koro H qTo Bhi mo6HTe
cpoTorpaqmpoBaTI.?

4) 9)
- KaKoe y JleHI.I rrnaTI.e! - Ky.n;a BI.I o6I.IqHo cTaBHTe
UBeTI.I?

5) 10)
- CKOJibKO rro.n;apKoB! - CrracH6o 3a rrpHHTHI.IM Beqep!

2. Fill in the questions.


1) 6)

- CrracH6o 3a rro.n;apoK. - 5I y)l(e rrorrpo6oBaJI. QqeHI.


BKYCHO!
2) 7)

- IJOJIO)I(HTe MHe HeMHOrO MJICa. - ~aBaii rro.n;apHM eMy qaci>I!


3) 8)

- HaneiiTe eii BHHa. - 06I.IqHo H KJia.n;y B qaif 2 KYCKa


4) caxapa.
9)
- He oqeHh KperrKHii, IIO)I(aJiyM-
cTa. - IJpaB.n;a, y H:pbi MHOro KHHr.
5)

-MHe KOcpe.
3. Make up dialogues using the material of Lesson 16.
17-629
HpaTHHM oqepH PYCCHOM ~OHeTHHH •
• A Short Introduction to Russian Phonetics
Vowels
1. There are 6 vowels in the Russian alphabet: a, o, y, u, 3, bl.
In Russian there are no long or short vowels.
2. The sound bl is particularly difficult. It is never used at the beginning
of a word, and is always combined with hard consonants.
3. Stress is particularly important in Russian phonetics, since the pro-
nunciation of the vowels depends on the where the stress falls in a
word. In stressed syllables, the vowel keeps its quality. In unstressed
syllables the vowel sounds are reduced and sound differently. The
vowels a, o, 3 change significantly. Unstressed vowels u, y, bl, al-
though they sound less long, their quality does not change, and there-
fore the transcription is depicted by the same symbols.
4. Stressed vowels are the rythmic center of a word. The pronunciation
of a vowel in a non-stressed position is defined by its place in the
word: the first unstressed, the second unstressed, the post-tonic, etc.
5. Reduction of a, o. In the beginning of a word and in the first un-
stressed syllable after the hard consonants, a, o sound alike, like [A],
that is, a short, weak [a]. For example: ooM [ooM], oOMa [oAMa], caM
[caM], caMa [cAMa]. In the remaining unstressed syllables a, o are
pronounced like [o], -that is, a more weak and short [a]. For exam-
ple, ZOJl06a [Z'bllA6a], XOpOUUJ [X'bpAuto], Cll060 [Cll06'b], HQOO
[naoa], Kanumti.Jz [KDn 'umti.Jz], KapaBaH [KDpABan].
6. The unstressed masculine adjectival ending -ozo is pronounced like
[o6'b]. For example, H060ZO [H06'b6'b], oo6pozo [oo6po6'b].
7. The unstressed feminine adjectival ending -ou is pronounced like
[au]. For example, H060U [H06'bU], oo6pou [oo6pou].
8. The rules of reduction also apply to prepositions. For example, na
Mocmy [no MAcmy], o Bac [A Bac], 3a ooMOM [3A ooMoM].
9. Reduction of a, 3. After soft consonants, a, 3 appear as R, e: Mico
[M 'aca ], MeJZ [M 'ell]. In unstressed positions after soft consonants, a
and 3 are reduced and are closer to [u]. In transcription, this sound is
written as [ue]. For example, Becna [B'uecna], 63JI.Jla [63'uella]. In the
second pretonic syllable, and also in post-tonic syllables, the reduc-
tion is stronger, here being pronounced as a very short sound, close
to [ue], but still more weakly articulated. In transcription it appears
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN PHONETICS 259

as the letter [b]. For example, lleJT.oeeK [ti 'bllAeeK], lleMoiJaH


[ ll 'bMAOaH1 meneeti3op [m 'bll 'uee 'u3bp].
10. Unstressed masculine adjectival endings with a soft stem -ezo, -eMy,
-eM are pronounced like [beb], [bMy], [bM]. For example, pa1l1tezo
[paHH 'b6b], paHHeMY [paHH 'bMy], 0 paHHeM [ApclHH 'bM].
11. Unstressed feminine adjectival endings with a soft stem -eu are pro-
nounced like [bu]. For example, cuHeu [cuH 'bu], paHHeU [paHH 'bu].
12. In the beginning of a word, after the vowels and after b, b, the letters
R, e, 10, e when stressed appear as two sounds R Ua ], e Uo ], 10 UY], e
[j3 ]. For example, icHo UacHb ], iillxa UollKb], ell U3ll]. In unstressed
syllables in these positions a reduction takes place. For example,
Jl3blK Uue3blK], RH6apb UueH6ap '], eoa UueiJa].

Consonants
1. In the Russian alphabet there are 35 consonants.
2. Pronunciation of Russian consonants is less energetic than in En-
glish: all Russian consonants are articulated further forward in the
mouth with the tongue in the horizontal position.
3. There is no aspiration of Russian consonants.

Hard and SoH Consonants


1. Most Russian consonants can be either hard or soft: [6 - 61, [n -
n1, [e- e'], [¢- ¢'], [iJ- iJ1, [M- M1, [3- 3'], [c- c1,
[H-H1, [ll-ll1, [M-M1, [p-p1, [K-K1, [z-z'], [x-x'].
There are 15 pairs in all. These consonants are hard before the letters
a, 0, y, bl, b, and SOft before the letters R, e, 10, e, U, b.
2. Softening of consonants has semantic value. For example, Hoc [Hoc] =
='nose', while Hiic [H'oc] ='he was carrying';yzoJT. [))zM] ='cor-
ner' ,yzo!lb [fzM1 = 'coal'; llYK [llYK] ='onion' ,ll10K [ll YK] ='hatch',
etc. ·
3. The consonants ut, :JIC, 1-1 are always hard. The spellings after these
letters are written with the letters u, e, but are pronounced [bl ], [3].
For example, :JICU3Hb [:J1Cbl3 'H '], :JICeHcKuii [:J~ei'HcK 'bu], wumb
[utbzm 1. wecmb [ut3c 'm 1, !JUPK [~JbZpK], !JellblU [w3JT.bzu]. After the
consonants ut, :JIC, 1-1 all vowels in unstressed positions are pronounced
with reduction because of the rule of pronunciation of unstressed
vowels after hard consonants. For example, wocce [utAcc3]. The pro-
nunciation of e should be isolated, which after tu, :JIC, 1-1 is pronounced
like [b]. This sound is close to [bz]. For example, z.uecmou [tubcmou],
:JICeHa [:JICbHa], ~JeHa [ ~JbHa].
260 KPATKMM O'IEPK PYCCKOM QJOHETMKM

4. The consonants t.t, ut are always soft. For example, t.tau [ t.t 'au],
npoutamb [npAUf 'am 1. The orthography after these consonants is
written with the letters a, y. Vowels in unstressed positions after t.t, ut
are reduced by general reduction rules after S<tft consonants. For
example, t.tacw [ t.t Vcw], Hat.tClllu [ Hat.t 'bJZ 'u], ute1l(JK [ut 'u•miK].

Unvoiced and Voiced Consonants


1. In Russian, a majority of voiced consonants have an unvoiced pair:
[6- n], [e- ¢], [a-m], [3- c], [.?IC- tu], [2- K]. There are 4
that are only voiced sounds: JZ, M, H, p, and·4 that are only unvoiced
sounds: x, t.t, 14, Uf.
2. Voiced and unvoiced consonants cannot be mixed, because it can
result in a change in the meaning of a word:
6ou - battle, nou - sing
ooM- house, moM- volume (of a book)
wap - ball, balloon, .?leap - heat
3. There are several rules associated with voiced and unvoiced conso-
nants:
a) voiced consonants always become unvoiced at the end of a word:
20p00 -20po[m], o6eo- o6e[m], 3y6-3y[n], MOp03 -Mopo[c],
JZe6- JZe[ p], opy2 - opy[K], 3ma.?IC -3m a[ Ul ];
b) voiced consonants become unvoiced when placed before un-
voiced consonants: 3aempa -3a[p]mpa, i66Ka- w[n]Ka, JZOOKa-
JZo[m]Ka, 6mnKo- 6ml[c]Ko;
c) unvoiced consonants become voiced when placed before voiced
consonants: ciJeJZClll- [3]iJeJZClll, eoK3aJZ- eo[z]3aJZ;
d) before the voiced consonants JZ, M, H, p, and e, unvoiced conso-
nants do not become voiced: meou- [m]eou, cJZoeo - [c]JZoeo,
cpa3y- [c]pa3y.

Note:
A more detailed explanation of Russian phonetics, its rules, pro-
nunciation of separate sounds and also Russian intonation can be found
in the book KoppeKmupoeot.tHblU Kypc poHemuKu pyccKa2o R3blKa by
N. B. Karavanova (Moscow, 1992).
KpaTHHH O'lepH PYCCHOH rpaMMaTHHH •
• A Short Introduction to Russian Grammar

Russian language has the following parts of speech: nouns, adjec-


tives, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, numerals and auxiliary words (preposi-
tions, conjunctions, particles).

Nouns
1. Russian nouns have:
-two classes: animate, inanimate;
-two numbers: singular, plural;
-three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter;
- declension in six cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative,
instrumental, prepositional.
In dictionaries nouns are given in the nominative singular.
Animate nouns answer the question 'who?' Kmo?
Inanimate nouns answer the question 'what?' 11mo?

2. Gender
Animate nouns have two genders: masculine and feminine. Inani-
mate nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
The endings of nouns indicate their gender:
a) consonant: indicates masculine gender: 6pam -brother, ypoK-
lesson, cmyoeHm - student;
b) endings -a, -R, indicate feminine gender: Ma.Ma - mother, ce-
Mbfl - family, KHuza - book;
c) endings -o,-e, indicate neuter gender: nucbMO -letter, Mope-
sea, C!lOBO - word;
d) nouns ending in a soft sign (-b) may be either feminine (HO'Ib -
night, oo'lb - daughter) or masculine (oeHb - day, ooJICob -rain).

Exception:
1) Words indicating masculine kinship: nana - father, OROR - un-
cle a~e masculine in gender but decline like nouns of feminine gender.
262 KPATHMA OIIEPK PYCCKOA rPAMMATMKM

2) Proper male names: BaHR, Cauta are masculine in gender, but


decline like nouns of feminine gender.
3) Several nouns that end in -MR which are neuter (epe.MR- time,
UMR - name), do not decline like nouns of feminine gender.

3.Number
1) Words of masculine gender in the plural have the endings -bl, or
-u (after K, 2, x, ut,
:JIC, tt, Uf or instead of&): cmyoeHm- cmyoeHm&z,
epatt - epattu.
2) Words of feminine gender in the plural have the endings -bl or -u
(after K, 2, x, ut, :JIC, Uf, tt or instead of&, R): KOMHama- KOMHam&z, KHu-
2a- KHU2U, CeMbR - CeMbU}.
3) Words of neuter gender in the plural have the ending -a for words
that end in -o in the singular: OKHo - OKHa, nuc&Mo - nuc&Ma. If the
neuter word had the ending -e, then the plural will end in -R: Mope -
MOpR, 30QHUe - 30Q1tUR.
4) Several masculine nouns that end in a consonant have the plural
ending -bR: 6pam - 6pam&R, JZucm - JZucm&R.
5) Some nouns are used only in the plural: ttac&z - watch, clock,
ottKu- eyeglasses.
6) Some nouns are used only in the singular: MOJZOKO - milk, Mac-
JZO - butter.

4. Cases
Meaning and usage of the cases in Russian:
Nominative case is used to mean 'Who? What?'
1) to name an object 3mo cmyoeHm.
This is a student.
2) to indicate a subject of an action CmyoeHm ttumaem.
The student is reading.
Genitive case is used with nouns 'Whose? Of what?' to express:
1) possession K11u2a cmyoeHma.
(with nouns) The student's book.

2) absence of something Y MeHR Hem KHU2U.


(with negation) I have no book, I do not have a book.

3) part of a whole l(eHmp 2opooa.


Center of the city.
A SHORT INTRODUmON TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR

4) quantity /(Be KHU2U.


(with numerals 2, 3, 4) Two books.
With numbers 2, 3, 4, genitive
singular is used.
5) quantity llRmb KHUZ.
(with numerals 5, 6, ... ) Five books.
With numbers 5, 6, .. .
genitive plural is used.
6) dates - When? llep60ZO RH6apR.
(with ordinal numbers) The first of January.
7) to show approximate time U3 oOMa- from home
and place (with prepositions HanpomuB uHcmumyma-
y, 00, U3, C, om, OKOJlO, opposite the institute
HanpomuB, HeOaJleKo om, oo Be'lepa -until evening
noCJle, c... oo...) c nRmu oo tuecmu 'laCOB-
When? Where? from 5 unti16 o'clock
8) absence (with the preposition 'lat1 6e3 caxapa -
6e3) tea without sugar
'lumaw 6e3 CllOBapR -
(I) Read without a dictionary
Dative case is used:
1) to indicate an object CKaJICu cmyoeHmy. -
of an action (with a list ofverbs, Tell the student.
including oamb, CK.Cl3amb, /(au MHe. -Give it to me.
no360HUmb) llo360HU Ma.Me. -Call mother.

2) to show the aim of motion Jl UOy K opyzy. -


(with verbs of motion+ K, no). I am going to my friend's.
Where to? OH eoem no YllUije. -
He is going along the street.
Accusative case is used:
1) to show the object Jl nb10 'lau. - I am drinking tea.
of an action. Whom? What? OH JICOem noopyzy. -
He is waiting for his girlfriend.
2) to show the point of Examb 6 MocKBy. -
destination (with prepositions To go to Moscow.
6 and Ha +verbs of motion). llputuiill Ha 60K3QJl.-
Where? (I) Arrived at the station.
264 KPATHHA O'IEPK PYCCKOA rPAMMATMKM

3) to show the time of an action 'C/epe:J IJac. - In an hour.


(with preposition IJepe3).
When?
Instrumental case is used:
1) to express the instrument .fi nuwy PY'<T<oii.. -
or agent of an action. I write with a pen.
By whom? With what? IlucbMO HanucaHo 6pamoM. -
The letter is written by my brother.
2) with the preposition c = with Kope c MOJZOT<OM. -
Coffee with milk.
F060pUll C opyzoM. -
(I) Spoke with my friend.
3) to show the approximate place Ilepeo oOMoM -
of an action In front of the house.
(with prepositions noo, PROOM c MQ2a3UHOM -
Hao, nepeo, pRooM c) Next to the store.
Iloo cmyJZoM -Under the chair.
Hao cmoJZoM -Over the table.
4) to express a period of time ympoM -in the morning
(of day or year). When? OHeM - during the day
6eiJepoM - in the evening
H01Jb10 - at night
JZemoM - in the summer
3UMoii. - in the winter
6ecHoii. - in the spring
oceHb10 - in the fall
Prepositional case is used:
1) to express the place KHuza Ha cmoJZe. -
(position) of an object The book is on the table.
(with prepositions of CJZo6apb 6 cyMT<e. -
position 6, Ha). The dictionary is in the bag.
Where?
2) to express time IlpuexaJZ 6 RH6ape. -
(with prepositions 6, Ha). (I) Arrived in January.
When? IlpuexaJZ Ha 3moii. HeoeJZe. -
(I) Arrived this week.
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 265
3) to show a topic ,l{yMa10 o 6pame. -
(ofthought, conversation, etc.) I am thinking about my brother.
(with the preposition o). Foeopumb 0 1\.HUZe. -
About whom? About what? To talk about the book.

5. Types of declension are given in the appendix.

Adjectives
1. Adjectives in Russian have:
- three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter;
-two numbers: singular, plural;
- degrees of comparison;
- declension;
- 6 cases.
In dictionaries adjectives are given in the nominative singular mas-
culine form. The gender, number and case of the adjective is determined
by the gender, number and case of the modifying noun.
2. Gender, number
Adjectives of masculine gender have -oii, -bzii, -uii endings.
Adjectives of feminine gender have -aJl, -5151 endings.
Adjectives of neuter gender have -oe, -ee endings.
In the plural all adjectives have the endings -bze, -ue in the nomina-
tive case.
3. There are descriptive, relative and possessive adjectives.
1) Descriptive adjectives denote the quality and features of an ob-
ject: xopotuuii- good, n;zoxoii- bad, 6onbtuoii- big, MaJZeHbKuu-
small, cmapbzu- old, HOBblu -new.
Descriptive adjectives have:
a) two forms: full (xopotuuu) and short (xopotu}. Short forms change
by gender and number (xopotu- m., xopotua- f., xopotuu- pl.), but
not by case.
b) degrees of comparison:
-analytical: HOBbzii- 6onee HOBblU- CaMblU HOBbzu;
- suffixal: HOBblU - Hoeee - Hoeeuwuii;
- suppletive: xopowuii - llyttwe- HaWlyttwuii;
c) adjective adverbs: xopowo- n;zoxo.
266 KPATHMA O'IEPK PYCCKOA rPAMMATMKM

2) Relative adjectives denote the characteristics relative to some


other object, action or attitude: llUMOHHblU coK - lemon juice, pa6o11uu
oeHb - work day, Oe.Jl060U 'le.Jl06eK - businessman. These adjectives
have no degrees of comparison.
3) Possessive adjectives denote ownership of an object: MaMUHo
Mambe-mother's dress, TaHuHa mempaob- Tanya's notebook. These
adjectives have no degrees of comparison.
4. Types of declension are given in the appendix.

Pronouns
1. Russian pronouns have:
-three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter;
-two numbers: singular, plural;
- declension;
- 6 cases.
2. There are several classes of pronouns.
1) Personal: R, mbz, oH, oHa, oHo, Mbl, Bbl, OHU. These pronouns change
by case.
2) Possessive: MOU, mBOU, ezo, ee, HaUl, 6aUl, UX, C60U.
The pronouns MOU, mBou, HaUl, BaUl, cBou change by gender, number
and case like adjectives.
3) Demonstrative: :Jmom, mom. They also change by gender, number
and case like adjectives.
4) Interrogative-relative: Kmo, 11mo, 'leu, KaKou, CKOllbKO, KaK, Kozoa,
zoe, omKyoa, Kyoa, no'leMy.
The pronouns Kmo, 11mo change by case. Pronouns 11eu, KaKou change
by gender, number and case. The remaining pronouns do not change.
5) Negative, indefinite: HUKmO, HU'ImO, HU'IeU, HUK020a, HUKaKOU,
Huzoe, HeKmo, He'lmo, HeKomopbze, Kmo-mo, 11mo-mo, Koe-Kmo, Koe-'lmo,
Kmo-Hu6yob, 'lmo-Hu6yob.
Note:
HU is never stressed.
He is always stressed.
The pronouns HeKmo, He'lmo, Huzoe, HUKozoa do not change. The
pronouns HUKmo, HU'Imo, Kmo-mo, 11mo-mo, Koe-Kmo, Koe-'lmo, Kmo-
Hu6yob, 'lmo-Hu6yob change by case, although only Kmo and 11mo part of
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 267

the words changes. The pronouns llU~Jeii, llUKaKoii, HeKomopbze change


by gender, number and case like adjectives.
6) Definitive: tfe.tlblU, 6ecb, Ka:JJCOblU, mo6oii, 6CRKUU, CaMblU. These
pronouns change by gender, number and case like adjectives.
7) Reflexive: ce6R. It changes by case.
3. Types of declension are given in the appendix.

Verbs
1. Russian verbs have:
-two aspects: imperfective, perfective;
- three tenses: present, past, future;
- two conjugations in the present tense;
- forms of person and number in the present and future tense;
- forms of gender and number in the past tense;
- three moods: indicative, imperative, conditional.
2. In dictionaries verbs are given in the infinitive. Infinitives end in -mb:
~Jumamb- to read, nucamb- to write. Some verbs have the infini-
tive ending -mu: uomu -to go, Hecmu -to carry. Few verbs have the
infinitive ending-%: ne%- to bake, 6epe%- to care.
3. Present tense
The present tense is used when we speak of actions which:
a) are occurring at the present moment;
Ceii~Jac R nuwy nucbMO.
Now I am writing a letter.
b) occur constantly;
3e.M.JlJl 6pautaemcR 60Kpyz CoJtHtfa.
The earth rotates around the sun.
c) repeat themselves;
Ka:JJCOblU oeHb R xo:JJCy 6 MaZa:JUH.
Every day I go to the store.
d) began earlier but are continuing in the moment of speaking;
OH :JICU6em 6 MocK6e y:JJCe 2 zooa.
He has lived in Moscow for two years already.
Only verbs in the imperfective aspect are used in the present tense.
Verbs in the present tense change by person and number, that is they are
268 KPATKMM OIIEPK PYCCKOM rPAMMATMKM

conjugated. Russian verbs are divided into two categories by type of con-
jugation: First Conjugation and Second Conjugation. Most Russian verbs
fall into the first category.
The productive classes of first conjugation verbs include verbs with
the infinitive ending -amb, -flmb (class 1), -emb (class 2), -oeamb, -eeamb
(class 3), -Hymb (class 4). Productive classes of second conjugation verbs
include only verbs with the infinitive ending -umb (class 5). Tables of
First and Second Conjugation verbs are given in the appendix.
Exception:
There are a few verbs ending in -amb (;ze:JICamb, Kpu'lamb, MO!l'lamb,
cmy'lamb, Cllblutamb, obzutamb, 2Hamb and others) and several ending in
-emb (cMompemb, euoemb, 20pemb, ee!lemb, HeHaeuoemb, mepnemb,
o6uoemb, cuoemb and others) who fall into the Second Conjugation ca-
tegory.
There is a small group of verbs in the First and Second Conjugations
that have unusual conjugations: :JICOamb, K!lacmb, noMo'lb, pe3amb and
others. These are considered unproductives classes. The conjugation of
these verbs should be memorized.
4. Past tense
There is only one form of the past tense. In the past tense verbs change
not by person and number, but by gender and number. The past tense is
formed from the root of the infinitive+ -ll (m.), -lla (£),-flo (n.), -flu (pl.).
For example: IJumamb: 'lUma!l (m.)- 'lUma!la (£)- 'lUma!lu (pl.).
This is how the past tense if formed in a vast majority of Russian
verbs whose stem ends in a vowel. Other verbs have pecularities in the
formation of the past tense.
5. Future tense
There are two forms of the future tense: the compound future and the
simple future. The compound future expresses incomplete, imperfective
action. The simple future expresses perfective, complete action. The com-
pound future is formed from the imperfective aspect of the verb, by using
the verb 6blmb in the future tense and the infinitive of the imperfective
verb. For example: fl 6yoy IJumamb, mbl 6yoeutb 'lumamb, etc. The sim-
ple future is formed from the perfective aspect of the verb in the same
way as the present tense of verbs in the imperfective aspect.
Compare:
Present tense Future tense
fl nuuty fl Hanuuty
mbz nuuteutb mbl Hanuuteutb
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 269

6. Aspects of verbs
Russian verbs have two aspects: imperfective and perfective.
Dictionaries usually indicate the aspect of the verbs listed. For example,
tJumamb -imperfective, npotJumamb -perfective. These two verbs make
up an aspect pair. They indicate the same action, but with the following
differences: the imperfective aspect describes the action itself, while the
perfective aspect also indicates the completion or results of the action.
Verbs in the imperfective aspect are used in the present, past and future
tenses (tJummo- quma;z- 6yoy tJumamb). Verbs in the perfective aspect
exist only in the past and future tenses (npoquma;z- npotJumwo).
Usage ofthe imperfective aspect:
1)- lfmo mbz oe!laJZ etJepa? -What did you do yesterday?
- .fi tJuma;z KHuzy. - I read the book.
It is not important to the speaker whether or not there was a result of
the action.
2) - Tbz oo!lzo tJuma;z KHuzy? -Did you read the book for a long
time?
- .fi tJuma;z 2 tJaca. - I read for two hours.
The action went on for a defined period of time, with the process of
the action being emphasized.
3) Bo epeMfl omnycKa Jl Ka:JICOblU oeHb IJUmaJl KHU2U.
During my vacation I read books every day.
The action was repeated many times.
4) .fi IJUmaJl KHU2Y U C!lYUW!l MY3bZKy.
I read a book and listened to music.
Kozoa fl tJuma;z KHuzy, cecmpa c!lyuta;za MY3bZKy.
When I read a book, my sister listened to music.
The actions occur simultaneously.
Uses of the perfective aspect:
1)- Tbz npotJuma;z 3my KHuzy?- Have you finished this book?
-,!{a, oaeHO npotJUmaJl.- Yes, I finished it a long time ago.
The result of the action is stressed.
2) CnopmcMeH npbl2HYll Ha 6 Mempoe.
The athlete jumped 6 meters.
A one-time action.
270 HPATHMA OIIEPH PYCCHOA rPAMMATMHM

3) Bllepa Jl. npOilUma.Jl KHUZY U noutiilz 6 KUHO.


Yesterday I read a book and went to a movie.
KoziJa R npol.luma.Jl KHuzy, R noutell 6 KuHo.
When I finished the book, I went to a movie.
Two actions occurring in succession, both with results.
In order to determine the aspect of the verb belonging to an aspect
pair, you need to know the formal indicators of aspects and the methods
of their formation.
Indicators of imperfective Indicators of perfective
aspect aspect
1) nucam& - no prefix 1) Hanucam& - with prefix
2) cnpautu6am& - the suffix 2) cnpocum&- no suffix -u6a-
-u6a- (-bl6a-) (-&z6a-)
iJa6am& - the suffix -6a- iJam& -no suffix -6a-
3) peutam&- the suffix -a- 3) peutum&- the suffix -u-
4) K]JUI.lam& -the suffix -a- 4) KpUKHym&- the suffix -Hy-
5) 6pam& - various roots 5) 63Rmb - various roots
Many verbs do not have an aspect pair; they exist in either imperfec-
tive or perfective aspect.
7. Imperative
The imperative of Russian verbs have two forms: 2nd person singu-
lar and 2nd person plural. Imperatives are formed from the stem of the
present tense of verbs in the imperfective aspect or of the future tense of
verbs in the perfective aspect.
Formation of the imperative
1) If the stem ends in a vowel, -il is added for 2nd person singular and
-ilme is added for 2nd person plural.
l.lumam& - l.lumaro - l.lumail - l.lumailme
pa6omam& - pa6oma10- pa6omai1-pa6omai1me
maHI4e6am& - maH14Y10 - maH14yi1- maH14yi1me
iJam& - da.M - iJaii - iJailme
2) If the stem ends in a consonant, -u is added for 2nd person singular
and -ume is added for 2nd person plural.
CMompem& - cMompro - cMompu - CMompume
zo6opum& - zo6opro- zo6opu- zo6opume
8. Conditional mood
The Conditional mood is formed using 1) the past tense of the verb;
2) the particle 6&z, which can be placed after or before the verb; 3) in
complex phrases the conjunction ec/lu is used.
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 271

Jl c yoo60JlbCm6ueM noutiill 6bz 6 KUH.o.


I would go to a movie with pleasure.
In complex phrases, 6bz is placed on both parts of the phrase.
EcJlu 6bz R rynUJl 6UJlembz, R nouliill 6bz 6 KUHO.
If I had bought tickets, I would have gone to the movie.

10. Reflexive verbs


There is a large number of Russian verbs with the reflexive particle
-cR (-cb) on the end.

Note:
-cRafter consonants: oOe6ambcR, yMbZ6ambCR
-Cb after vowels: ooe6a10Cb, YMbl6a10Cb
Reflexive verbs are divided into the following groups:
1) Proper reflexive verbs: The action is reflected to the active per-
son. The meaning of the particle -cR in this case is synonymous with the
meaning of ce6R.
MyJICIJUH.a ooeBaemcR (m.e. ooe6aem CaM ce6R).
The man gets dressed (dresses himself).
/JeBOIJKa npuiJeCbZ6aemcR (m.e. npuiJecbZ6aem caMa ce6R).
The girl brushes her hair (brushes it herself).
2) Reciprocal-reflexive verbs: one and the same action, is occurring
with two or more people.
Iloopyzu BcmpemUJlucb u o6H.RJlUCb.
The girls met and hugged each other.
3) General reflexive verbs: indicate changes in movement, situation,
the beginning or end of an action.
011. ocmaH.a6UJlCR y Mempo.
He stopped near the metro station.
C!JUJlbM H.aiJuH.aemcR 6 2 IJaca.
The movie is beginning at 14:00 o'clock.
There are verbs which do not exist without the reflexive ending -cR:
CMeRmbCR, Yllbz6ambCR, H.aOeRmbcR, 6oRmbcR, cmapambcR, and others.
Reflexive verbs are conjugated using the regular First and Second Conjuga-
tions.
272 HPATHMA O'IEPH PYCCHOA rPAMMATMHM

Adverbs
The use of adverbs
1. The adverbs of manner, place and time of action denote:
a) the manner of action (how? l<aK?)
KaK- how, maK- thus, HUKaK- no way;
b) the place of action (where? zoe?)
30ec& - here, mCLM - there, pRiJoM - close, iJaJleKo - far,
HeiJaJleKo - not far;
c) the time of action (when? KoziJa?)
ceib1ac -now, nomOM- then, eceziJa- always, o6wmo- usu-
ally, uHoziJa- sometimes, peiJKo - seldom, y;)!Ce- already,
ett~e - yet, noC/le - after.

2. The adverbs of manner denote:


a) action (how? KaK?}
zpoMKo nem&, zoeopumb - to sing, speak loudly
6&zcmpo exam& -to drive quickly
b) feature:
O'leHb Kpacuea.Jl - very beautiful
c) objects:
KmjJe no-mype!iKU - Turkish coffee
3. The adverb olleHb- very- is used with adjectives (olleHb KpacusaR)
and adverbs (olleHb Kpacuso).
4. Adverbs do not change by gender, number or case.
Numerals
1. Cardinals
1 O,llHH 14 qeTblpHa,n;QaTL
2 ,n;Ba 15 miTHa,ZJ;UaTL
3 TPH 16 llieCTHa,ZJ;UaTL
4 qeTLipe 17 ceMHa.n;uaTL
5 miTL 18 BOCeMHa,ZJ;QaTL
6 llieCTL 19 .D;eBHTHa,ZJ;UaTL
7 ceML 20 .D;Ba,ZJ;QaTL
8 BOCeML 21 .D;Ba,ZJ;UaTL O.D;HH
9 ,n;eBHTL 22 .D;Ba,ZJ;UaTL ,ZJ;Ba
10 .D;eCHTL 30 TpH.D;UaTL
11 O.D;HHHa,ZJ;QaTL 40 copoK
12 ,ZJ;BeHa,ZJ;QaTL 50 nuL,n;ecu
13 TpHHa,ZJ;QaTL 60 mecTL,n;ecu
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 273
70 CeMb,l{eCHT 700 CeMbCOT
80 BOCeMb,l{eCHT 800 BOCeMbCOT
90 ,l{eBHHOCTO 900 .l{eBHTbCOT
100 CTO 1000 TbiCHqa
200 ,l{BeCTH 10000 .l{eCHTb TbiCjiq
300 T}JHCTa 100 000 CTO TbiCHq
400 qeTbipecTa 1 000 000 MHJIJIHOH
500 ITHTbCOT 1 000 000 000 MHJIJIHap,l{
600 IIIeCTbCOT

1) Declension of cardinal numerals is characterized by absence of


the category ofnumber and gender (except 1: oouH (m.), ooHa (f.), ooHo
(n.), and 2: oea (m., n.), oee (f.).

Note: oouH, ooHa, ooHo =alone (adjective-pronoun);


m&zc.Rtta, MwuzuoH, Mwuzuapo are nouns.
The declension of 2, 3, 4, resembles that of plural possessive pro-
nouns:
Nominative .l{Ba, .l{Be TPH qeTblpe
Genitive Jl:Byx T}Jex qeTblpex
Dative Jl:BYM TpeM qeTblpeM
Accusative Nom. or Gen. Nom. or Gen. Nom. or Gen.
Instrumental Jl:BYMH TpeMH qeTbipbMH
Prepositional o Jl:Byx o Tpex o qeTbipex
2) The declension of 5-20 is identical with declension of feminine
nouns ending in -&.
3) Usage of cases with numbers:
1 accusative (oouH ttac)
2-4 genitive singular (2 ttaca, 3 ttaca, 4 ttaca)
5, 6 ... genitive plural (5 ttacoe, 20 ttacoe)
2. Ordinals
1) Ordinal numbers are adjectives. All ordinals except for nepe&zu
(first) and emopou (second) are derived from the corresponding cardi-
nals:
a) with the aid of suffixes:
third- mpemuu, fourth- ttemeepm&zu, fortieth- copoKoeou,
thousandth- m&zcRttH&zu;
b) or without suffixes, but with the ending -&zu:
fifth- nRm&zu, tenth- oec.Rm&zu.
18-619
274 KPATKMM O'IEPK PYCCKOM rPAMMATMKM

c) Seventh - ceobMOU has a modified stem.


2) Only the final element of compound ordinal numerals has the spe-
cial ordinal ending: 551-nRmbcom nRmboecRm nep6blU. Compare with
English: five hundred fifty first.

3. Ordinals change like adjectives by gender, number and case.

Auxiliary Words
1. Prepositions
1) The prepositions of place: 6 - in, IW - on, y - at/near, noo -
under, Hao- above/over, 3a- behind, nepeo- in front of, MeJICoy-
between. They are used to express the place or position of an object and
answer the question 'where?' zoe?
- 6, Ha require the prepositional case: Ha cmo/le, 6 KOMHame
- y requires the genitive case: y cmolla, y uHcmumyma
- 3a, noo, nepeo, Hao, MeJICoy require the instrumental case: 3a
OOMOM, noo OOMOM, etc.
2) The prepositions of motion: 6 - to, Ha - into/at, K - to, noo -
under, Hao - over/above, 3a -behind, U3 - from/out, no -.on, c -
from above/after, om - from. These are dynamic prepositions, answer-
ing the questions 'where (to)?'- Kyoa?, 'from where?'- omK)loa?
- 6 , Ha, noo, 3a require the accusative case: Examb 6 yHu6epcumem
Ha ypoK. 3a!le3 noo email. CnpRma/lCJl 3a yzoll.
- K, no require the dative case: Hoy K Mempo. XoJICy no yllutfe.
- U3, om, c require the genitive case: HoiiM U3 utKOllbl. IlucbMO
om 6pama. Yutell c pa6ombz.

2. Conjunctions
1) Primary conjunctions: u- and, HO- but, a - andlbut, WlU- or,
Jlu6o-or.
2) Question words 1.1mo - that, KaK -as, Kozoa -when.
3) Prepositions of adverbial origin:
HecMompRHa (mo, 1.1mo)- in spite of the fact that.
nooo6Ho (mOMy, KaK) -like.
4) Compound conjunctions indicating reason:
nomoMy 1.1mo -because, U3-3a mozo, "lmo -because.
A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO RUSSIAN GRAMMAR 275

3. Particles
1) Imperative particles:
nycmb -let
llycmb 6Cezoa 6 6aUU!M OOMe 6yoem C'laCmbe!
Let there always be happiness in your home!
oa6aU -let us, let's
j(a6au no3HaKoMUMCJl.
Let's get acquainted.
2) The particle 6bz:
Ha 6aute.M Mecme Jl 6bz noexaJZa 6 MocK6y.
Ifl were you, I would go to Moscow.
3) Interrogative particle:
JZu- if, whether (it is used to express doubt)
lfumaJZ JZU mbz llyutKUHa?
Have you read Pushkin?
JZu- if, whether (it is used to introduce indirect speech)
H cnpocU!la, 'IUmaJZ JZU OH llyutt<uHa.
I asked if he had ever read Pushkin.
4) Interrogative- emphasizing particles:
Hey:JICeJZU - really
Hey:JK:eJZU oH yexaJZ?
Has he really left?

pa36e- Is (it) ... ? Does (it) ... ?


Pa36e oHa pyccKaJl?
Is she really Russian?
5) Emphatic particles: )'JICe- already, oa:JK:e- even, ett~e- yet.

6) Exclamative particles: Kat<!- How! Hy!- Come on!


7) The particles of agreement:
oa - yes; mat< - yes, so; KoHe'IHO - certainly
xopouto - well, fine, OK
8) The particles of rejection:
Hem -no, He- not, HU -not.
27& HPATHMA O'IEPH PYCCHOA rPAMMATMHM

9) The particles used in negative and indefinite pronouns:


nu {HUlcmo- nobody)
ne (neKmo- someone)
Koe- (Koe-'lmo - something)
-mo (zoe-mo- somewhere)
-Jlu6o (Kmo-Jlu6o - anyone)
-nu6yo& (11mo-nu6yo& - anything)
Pronouns with -mo are used in the present and past tenses. Pronouns
with -nu6yo&, -Jlu6o are used in the future tense.
rpaMMaTMIIeCHMe radnMQbl •
• Grammar Tables
NOUNS- MASCULINE SINGULAR

Hard Stem
Case Animate Inanimate
Nominative (Kmo? 11mo?) CTy,n:eHT AHTOH CTOJI
Genitive (Kozo? 11ezo?) CTy,n:eHTa AHTOHa CTOJia
Dative (KoMy? 'le.My?) cry,n:eHTY AHTOHY CTOJIY
Accusative (Kozo? 11mo?) cry,n:eHTa AHTOHa CTOJI
Instrumental (KeM? 'leM?) cry,n:eHTOM AHTOHOM CTOJIOM
Prepositional (o KoM? o 'liiM?) o czy,n:eHTe 06 AHTOHe 0 CTOJie

Soft Stem
Case Animate Inanimate
N. rrperro.n:aoaTeJIL aBTOM06HJIL
G. rrperro,n:aoaTemi aBTOM06HJUI
D. rrperro.n:aoaTemo aBTOM06HJIIO
A. rrperro,n:aoaTemi aBTOM06HJIL
I. rrperro,n:aoaTeJieM aBTOM06HJieM
P. o rrperro,n:aoaTene 06 aBTOM06HJie

Stem withii
Case Animate Inanimate
N. repo:H AH.n;pe:H TPaMBaH
G. repoH AH.n;peH TPaMBM
D. repo10 AH.n;peiO TPaMBaiO
A. repoH AH.n;peH TPaMoa:H
I. repoeM AH.n;peeM TPaMoaeM
P. o repoe o6 AH,n:pee OTpaMBae
278 rPAMMATM'IECKME TA&JIMI.Ibl

NOUNS- MASCULINE PLURAL

Hard Stem
Case Animate Inanimate
N. CTy,lleHTbl CTOJibl

G. CTY.lleHTOB CTOJIOB

D. CTY.lleHTaM CTOJiaM

A. CTY.lleHTOB CTOJibl

I. CTY.lleHTaMH CTOJiaMH

P. o CTY.lleHTax 0 CTOJiax

Soft Stem
Case Animate Inanimate
N. rrperro,llaBaTeJIH aBTOM06HJIH

G. rrperro,llaBaTeJieii aBTOM06HJieH

D. rrperro,llaBaTemiM aBTOM06HJIHM

A rrperro,llaBaTeJieii aBTOM06HJIH
I. rrpeiiO,llaBaTeJIHMH aBTOM06HJIHMH
p o rrperro,llaBaTeJIHX 06 aBTOM06HJIHX

Stem withu
Case Animate Inanimate
N. repoH TpaMBaH

G. repoeB TpaMBaeB
D. rep OHM TpaMBaHM
A repoeB TPaMBaH
I. repOHMH TPaMBMMH
P. 0 repOHX 0 TpaMBMX
GRAMMAR TABLES 279

NOUNS- FEMININE SINGULAR

Hard Stem
Case Animate Inanimate
N. cec'rpa Hpa KOMHaTa
G. cecTpLI Hpbi KOMHaTLI
D. cecTpe Hpe KOMHaTe
A. cec'rpy Hpy KOMHaTy
I. ceC'rpOH Hpoif KOMHaTOH
P. o cecTPe o6Hpe 0 KOMHaTe

Soft Stem
Case Animate Inanimate
N. BaJUI He.n;emi
G. Bwm He.n;eJIH
D. Bane He.n;eJie
A. BaniO He.n;eJIIO
I. Baneif He.n;eJieif
P. o Bane o He.n;eJie

Case Stem withb Stem with,, Stem withu,


ending-s ending-s
N. Te'rpa.n;» ceMD.JI <J>aMHJIIDI
G. Te'rpa,l{H ceM»H <J>aMHJIHH
D. Te'rpa,l{H ceMbe <J>aMHJIHH
A TeTpa.l{b CeMbiO <J>aMHJIHIO
I. Te'rpa.n;»IO ceM»eif <J>aMHJIHeH
P. 0 Te'rpa,l{H o ceM»e 0 <J>aMHJIHH
280 rPAMMATM'IECKME TA&nMI.Ibl

NOUNS- FEMININE PLURAL

Hard Stem
Case Animate lnaminate
N. cecTpbi .ZJ;eByiiiKH KOMHaTbl

G. cecTep .n;eByiiieK KOMHaT


D. cecTpaM .ZJ;eByiiiKaM KOMHaTaM
A. cecTep .n;eByiiieK KOMHaTbl
I. cecTpaMH .ZJ;eByiiiKaMH KOMHaTaMH
P. o cecTPaX o .n;eByiiiKax 0 KOMHaTax

Case Soft Stem


N. He.n;enH TeTPMH
G. He.n;enb TeTPa.neH:
D. He.n;emiM TeTPa.wiM
A. He.n;eJIH T~a.ZJ;H

I. He.ZJ;eJUIMH TeTPa,wiMH
P. o He.n;emix oTeTPa.nax

Case Stem with b, ending -11 Stem with u, ending -11


(Ct!Mb11) ( f/lilMWIU11)
N. ceMI>H cpaMHJIHH
G. ceMeii cpaMHJIHH
D. CeMb.SIM cpaMHJIIDIM
A. ceMI>H cpaMHJIHH
I. CeMMIMH cpaMHJIIDIMH
P. 0 CeMb.HX 0 cpaMHJIIDIX
GRAMMAR TABLES 281

NOUNS- NEUTER SINGULAR

Case Hard Stem Soft Stem Stem with Stem with u,


consonant, ending-e
ending -e
N. OKHO MOpe BOCKpeceHbe 3,ll;aHHe

G. OKHa MOpH BOCKpeceHbH 3,ll;aHHH

D. OKHY MOpiO BOCKpeceHbiO 3,ll;aHHIO

A. OKHO Mope BOCKpeceHbe 3,ll;aHHe

I. OKHOM Mop eM BOCKpeceHbeM 3,ll;aHHeM

P. 06 OKHe 0 MOpe 0 BOCKpeceHbe 0 3,ll;aHHH

NOUNS- NEUTER PLURAL

Case Hard Stem Soft Stem Stem with Stem with u,


consonant, ending-e
ending-e
N. OKHa MOpH BOCKpeceHbH 3,ll;aHHH

G. OKOH Mopeii BOCKpeceHHH 3,ll;aHHH

D. OKHaM MOpHM BOCKpeceHbHM 3,ll;aHHHM

A. OKHa MOpH BOCKpeceHbH 3,ll;aHHH

I. OKHaMH MOpHMH BOCKpeceHbHMH 3,ll;aHHHMH

P. o6 OKHax 0 MOpHX 0 BOCKpeceHbHX 0 3,ll;aHHHX

Nouns ending in ·MR


Case Singular Plural
N. BpeMH HMH speMeHa HMeHa

G. BpeMeHH HMeHH BpeMeH HMeH

D. BpeMeHH HMeHH BpeMeHaM HMeHaM

A BpeMH HMH speMeHa HMeHa

I. BpeMeHeM HMeHeM BpeMeHaMH HMeHaMH

P. 0 BpeMeHH 06 HMeHH o speMeHax o6 HMeHax


282 rPAMMATHIIECKME TA&nM~bl

ADJECTIVES- MASCULINE SINGULAR

Case Hard Stem Soft Stem Stem with z, K, x


N. (KaKou?) HOBLIH CHHHH MaJieHLKHH

G. (KaKozo?) HOBOrO CHHero MaJieHLKOrO

D. (KaKoMy?) HOBO MY CHHeMy MaJieHLKOMY

A. (KaKozo?) HOBOrO CHHero MaJieHLKOrO

(KaKou?) HOBLIH CHHHH MaJieHLKHH

!. (KaKUM?) HOBLIM CHHHM MaJieHLKHM

P. (o KaKoM?) 0 HOBOM 0 CHHeM 0 MaJieHLKOM

Stem with m, :HC, U(, 11


Case Unstressed stem Stressed stem
N. 60JILIIIOH ropH'IHH

G. 6oJILIIIoro ropgqero

D. 60JILIIIOMY ropH'IeMy

A. 6oJILIIIoro ropgqero

6oJILIIIOH ropH'IHH

I. 60JILIIIHM ropH'IHM
P. 0 60JibiiiOM o ropH'IeM

ADJECTIVES- FEMININE SINGULAR

Case Hard Stem Soft Stem Stem with z, K, x


N. (KaKaR?) HOBaH CHHHH MaJieH&KaH

G. (KaKou?) HOBOH CHHeH MaJieHLKOH


D. (KaKou?) HOBOH CHHeH MaJieH&KOH

A. (KaK)'IO?) HOBYIO CHHIOIO MaJieHLKYIO


I. (KaKou?) HOBOH CHHeH MaJieHLKOH
P. (o KaKou?) 0 HOBOH 0 CHHeH 0 MaJieH&KOH
GRAMMAR TABLES 283

Stem with "'' m, 114, 11


Case Unstressed stem Stressed stem
N. 6oni>IIHUI ropxqrur
G. 6oni>IIIOH ropxqeif
D. 6oni>IIIOH ropxqeif
A. 6oni>IIIYID ropxqy10
I. 6oni>IIIOH ropxqeif
P. 0 6oni>IIIOH o ropxqeif

ADJECTIVES- NEUTER SINGULAR

Case Hard Stem Soft Stem Stem with z, K, x


N. (KaKoe?) HOBOe CHHee ManeHbKOe
G. (KaKozo?) HOBoro CHHero ManeHI>Koro
D. (KaKoMy?) HOBO MY CHHeMy ManeHbKOMY
A. (KaKoe?) HOBOe cHHee ManeHbKOe
l. (KaKUM?) HOBI>IM CHHHM ManeHbKHM
P. (o KaKoM?) 0 HOBOM 0 CHHeM 0 ManeHbKOM

Stem with "'' m, 114, 11


Case Unstressed stem Stressed stem
N. 6oni>IIIoe ropxqee
G. 6oni>IIIoro ropxqero
D. 6oni>IIIOMY ropxqeMy
A 6oni>IIIOe ropxqee
I. 6oni>IIIHM ropxqHM
P. o 6oni>IIIOM o ropxqeM
284 rPAMMATM'IECHME TA&JIMI.lbl

ADJECTIVES- PLURAL
(Identical for masculine, feminine and neuter)

Case Hard Stem Soft Stem Stem with z, K, x


N. (KaKue?) HOBbie CHHHe MaJieHbKHe

G. (KaKux?) HOBhlX CHHHX MaJieHbKHX

D. (KaKUM?) HOBhlM CHHHM MaJieHbKHM

A. (KaKUx?) HOBbiX CHHHX MaJieHbKHX

(KaKue?) HOBbie CHHHe MaJieHbKHe

l. (KaKUMU?) HOBbiMH CHHHMH MaJieHbKHMH

P. (o KaKux?) 0 HOBbiX 0 CHHHX 0 MaJieHbKHX

Stem with m, :HC, 114, 11


Case Unstressed stem Stressed stem
N. (KaKue?) 6on&ll1He ropHtiHe

G. (KaKux?) 60JiblllHX ropHtiHX

D. {KaKUM?) 60JiblllHM ropHtiHM

A. (KaKUX?) 60JiblllHX ropHtiHX


(KaKue?) 6oJiblllHe ropHtiHe

l. {KaKUMU?} 60JiblllHMH ropHtiHMH


P. (o KaKux?) 0 60JiblllHX 0 ropHtiHX

PERSONAL PRONOUNS- SINGULAR

N. (Kmo?) H Tbi OH OHa OHO

G. {Kozo?) MeHH Te6H ero (y Hero) ee (y Hee) ero (y Hero)

D. (KoMy?) MHe Te6e eMy (K HeMy) e:H (K He:H) eMy (K HeMy)

A. (Kozo?) MeHH Te6H ero (B Hero) ee (B Hee) ero (B Hero)

l. (KeM?) MHOH To6o:H HM (c HHM) e:H (c He:H) HM (c HHM)

P. (o KoM?) o6o MHe o Te6e OHeM o He:H OHeM


GRAMMAR TABLES 285

PERSONAL PRONOUNS- PLURAL

N. (Kmo?) Mbl Bhl OHM

G. (Ko2o?) Hac Bac MX (y HMX)

D. (Ko.My?) HaM BaM MM (K HMM)

A. (Ko2o?) Hac BaC MX (B HMX)

I. (Ke.M?) HaMM BaMM MMM (c HMMM)

P. (o Ko.M?) 0 HaC 0 BaC 0 HMX

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


N. MOM 1 MOH MOe MOM

G. Moero MOeM Moero MOMX

D. MOeMy MOeM MOeMy MOMM

A. Moero, MOM MOIO MOe MOMX,MOM

I. MOMM MOeM (-e10) MOMM MOMMM

P. 0 MOeM OMOeM 0 MOeM 0 MOMX

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


N. Haul Harna Harne HarnH

G. Harnero HarneM Harnero HarnHX

D. HarneMy HarneM HarneMy HarnMM

A Harnero, Harn Harny Harne HarnMX, HaiiiH

I. HarnMM Ham eM HaiiiMM HarnMMM


p o HarneM o HarneM o HarneM 0 HarnHX

1 The pronouns meou, meoR, meoe, meou and ceou, ceoR, ceoe, ceou are declined like the
pronouns ..wou, .MOR, ..woe, ..wou.
2 The pronouns eatu, eawa, eawe, eawu are declined like the pronouns Hatu, Hatua,
Hatue, Hatuu.
286 rPAMMATHIIECKHE TA&nHQbl

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS 3TOT, TOT

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


N. 3TOT,TOT 3Ta,Ta 3TO,TO 3TH, Te
G. 3Toro,Toro 3TOH, TOH 3Toro,Toro 3THX, TeX
D. 3TOMy, TOMY 3TOH, TOH 3TOMy, TOMY 3THM, TeM
A. 3Toro,Toro 3TY,TY 3TO,TO 3THX, TeX
3TOT,TOT 3TH, Te
I. 3THM, TeM 3TOH, TOH 3THM, TeM 3THMH, TeMH

P. 06 3TOM, 0 TOM o6 no:H, o TOH 06 3TOM, 0 TOM 06 3THX, 0 TeX

DEFINITIVE PRONOUN BECh

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


N. BeeL Be.si Bee Bee
G. Beero Beeii Beero Beex
D. Bee My Beeii BeeMy BeeM
A. Beero,BeeL BeiO Bee Beex,Bee
I. Be eM Beeii Be eM BeeMH
p o6o BeeM o6o Beeii o6o BeeM o6o Beex

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN CE.6H

N.
G. ee6.sr
D. ee6e
A ee6.sr
I. eo6oii
P. o ee6e
GRAMMAR TABLES 287
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS KTO, qTO

N. KTO qTo
G. Koro qero
D. KOMY qeMy
A. Koro qTO
I. KCM qeM
P. OKOM oqeM

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN KAKOH

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


N. KaKOH KaKaH KaKoe KaKHe
G. KaKoro KaKOH KaKoro KaKHX
D. KaKOMY KaKOH KaKOMY KaKHM
A. KaKOrO,KaKOH KaKyiO KaKoe KaKHX,KaKHe
I. KaKHM KaKOH KaKHM KaKHMH
P. OKaKOM 0 KaKOH 0 KaKOM 0 KaKHX

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN q£if

Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural


N. qe:H qJ:.jJ: %e qJ:.H
G. q~:.ero %e:H q~:.ero qJ:.HX
D. qJ:.eMy %e:H %eMy qJ:.HM
A. q~:.ero, qe:H qJ:.JO %e qJ:.HX,qi:.H
I. qJ:.HM %e:H qJ:.HM qJ:.HMH
P. oqJ:.eM o q~:.e:H o %eM oqJ:.HX
288 rPAMMATHIIECHME TA&nMltbl

VERBS- FIRST CONJUGATION

.H qHTRIO .H ryn.Hro .H 6onero

Tbl qHTaeiiih Tbl ryn.Heiiih Thl 6oneeiiib

OH,OHa qHTReT OH,OHR ryn.HeT OH,OHR 6oneeT

Mbl qHTReM Mbl ryn.HeM Mbl 6oneeM

Bbl qHTaeTe Bhl ryn.HeTe Bbl 6oneeTe

OHH qHTRIOT OHH ryJI.HIOT OHH 6oneroT

.H pHcyiO .H TRHUYIO .H OT,l{OXHY


Tbl pHcyeiiih Tbl TaHuyemb Tbl OT,l{OXHeiiib

OH,OHR pHcyeT OH,OHR TaHuyeT OH,OHR OT,l{OXHeT


Mbl pHcyeM Mbl TaHuyeM Mbl OT,l{OXHeM

Bbl pHcyeTe Bhl TRHUyeTe Bhl OT,l{OXHeTe

OHH pHCYIOT OHH TRHUYIOT OHH OT,l{OXHYT

VERBS- SECOND CONJUGATION

.H roBopro .H yqy .H JII06JIIO


Tbl rOBOpHIIIb Tbl yqHIIIb Tbl JII06HIIIb

OH,OHR rOBOpHT OH,OHR yqHT OH,OHR JII06HT


Mbl rOBOpHM Mbl yqHM Mbl JII06HM
Bbl rOBOpHTe Bbl yqHTe Bbl JII06HTe

OHH roBopu OHH yqaT OHH JII06.HT


GRAMMAR TABLES 289
VERBS OF MOTION

Uni-directional Multi-directional
JmTH - to go (on foot) XO,l{HTh
exaTh - to go (by transport) e3,l{HTh
6e)l(aTh - to run 6eraTh
IIJihlTh - to swim, to sail IIJiaBaTh
neTeTh - to fly neTaTh
6pecTH - to roam, to wander 6po,n;HTh
IIOJI3TH- to crawl IIOJI3aTh
ne3Th - to climb (into) Jia3HTh
Uni-directional Multi-directional
HeCTH- to carry (in one's hands) HOCHTh
BeCTH - to lead BO,l{HTh
Be3TH- to carry (in a vehicle) B03HTh
Taii.J;HTh - to carry, to drag TaCKaTh
KaTHTh - to roll KaTaTh
rHaTh - to drive rOHHTh

19-629
HniOIIH HynpaHCHeHHHM • Key to the Exercises
YpoH 2
1. a) Mem1. Te6H. Ero. Ee. Hac. Bac. 11x.
6) MoH. TaoH. Ero. Ee. Barna.
a) Moe. Tsoe. Ero. Ee. Bawe.
r) Moe. Tsoe. Ero. Ee. Bawe.
2. 3osyT. <l>aMHJUIH. (}rqecTso. MoM:. Ero. Ero. MoH. Ee. Ee. Bac. Barna. Bawe.
3. -,[{a, MOH rpaMHJIHH Ceprees. - HeT, MOH rpaMHJIHH IleTpoB.
- ,[{a, ee rpaMHJIHH CseTJIOBa. - HeT, ee rpaMHJIHH 11Ba.HOBa.
-,[{a, ero 30BYT ,[{:>KoH. - HeT, ero 30BYT ,[{:>KHM.
-,[{a, MeHH 30BYT 11pa. - HeT, MeHH 30BYT Marna.
-,[{a, ero oTqecTBO 11saHosuq. - HeT, ero OTqecTBO IleTposuq.
-,[{a, ee QTqeCTBO IleTPOBHa. - HeT, ee mqecTBO 11BaHOBHa.
-,[{a, Moe oTqecTBO Cepreesuq. - HeT, Moe o~ecTso IleTposuq.
4. Moil: (TBOH, Balli) ,npyr, MOH (TBOH, Barna) no.npyra, MOe (TBOe, same) QTqe-
CTBO, MOH (TBOH, saw) npeno.nasaTeJIL, MOH (MOH, TBOH, TBOH, saw, sawa)
KOJIJiera, MOe (TBOe, Bailie) HMH, MOH (TBOH, Barna) rpaMHJIHH.
5. ,[{a, 3TO MOH no,npyra. ,[{a, 3TO ee ,npyr. ,[{a, 3TO Halll npeno,naBaTeJib. ,[{a, 3TO
Haw (Moil:) KOJIJiera. ,[{a, 3TO ero no.npyra. ,[{a, 3TO ero .npyr.
6. MoH, ee. Haw, ero. Hawa, ee. Haw, ero. Hawa, ee. MeHH. Bac.
7. AH.npeesuq, AH.npeeBHa. AHroHosuq, AHTOHOBHa. Eopucosuq, .6opucos-
Ha. AneKceesuq, AneKceesHa. MuxaM:nosuq, MuxaM:nosHa. HuKonaesuq,
HHKOJiaesHa.

YpoK 3
1. a) Pa60TaeT. Pa6oTaiO. Pa6oTaewL. Pa60TaiOT. Pa6oTaeM. Pa60TaeTe.
6) YquTcH. YquTecL. YqycL. YqaTcH. YqurnLCH HJIH pa6oTaewL. YqHMCH.
2. B HHCTHT)'Te. B yHHBepcHTeTe. Ha noqTe. B rpHpMe. B 6a.HKe.
3. a)- ,[{a, oH 3KOHOMHCT.- HeT, oH He 3KOHOMHCT, oH worpep.
-,[{a, oHa npeno.nasaTeJIL. - HeT, oHa He nperro.nasaTenL, OHa spaq,
-,[{a, H IOpHCT. - HeT, H He IOpHCT, H rH,n.
-,[{a, TLI worpep. - HeT, TLI He worpep, TLI HH:>KeHep.
-,[{a, H 6H3HecMeH. - HeT, H He 6H3HecMeH, H yquTeJIL.
-,[{a, OHH pa60TaiOT. - HeT, OHH He pa60TaiOT, OHH yqaTCH.
-,[{a, MLI yquMcH. - HeT, MLI He yquMcH, MLI pa60TaeM.
-,[{a, H pa60TaiO. - HeT, H He pa60TaiO, H yqycL.
6) -,[{a, 3TO noqTa. - HeT, 3TO He noqTa, 3TO lllKOJia.
-,[{a, 3TO yHHBepcHTeT. - HeT, 3TO He yHusepcuTeT, 3TO HHCTHT)'T.
-,[{a, 3TO rpHpMa. - HeT, 3TO He rpupMa, 3TO 6aHK.
- ,[{a, 3TO 3aso.n. - HeT, 3TO He 3aso.n, 3TO 6oJILHHI~a.
- ,[{a, 3TO 6a.HK. - HeT, 3TO He 6aHK, no rpHpMa.
-,[{a, 3TO Mara3HH. - HeT, 3TO He Mara3HH, 3TO 3aso.n.
KEY TO THE EXERCISES 291

4. HH)I(eHepbi, 3a.BO,nbl, rrperro.nasan:.rrH, BpaqH, rro.npyrH, CTY,neHTbl, Mara3H-


Hbl, 6aHKH, HHCTHTY'fbl, ,npy3MI, 6H3HeCMeHbl, CTY,neHTKH, Q>HpMbi, WKOnbl.
5. MoH. Ee. TBoH. Ero. HawH. Mx. BawH.

YpoH 4
1. -OH, -biH, -aJI, -aJI, -OH, -He, -He, -He, -aJI, -aJI, -biH, -ble, -oe.
2. )I(HBy. )l(un. )I(HBeM. )I(HB~. )I(HnH, )I(HBeM. )l(uByT. )l(un, )I(HBeT. )I(HBeTe.
3. B KHTae. KHTaeQ.
B lllBeQHH. JllBe,n.
B MTanHH. MTanMIHKa.
B repMaHHH. HeMQbl.
B AMepHKe. AMepHKaHeQ.
B PoccHH. PyccKHe.
B AHrnHH. AHrnHqaHHH.
Bo <l>pauQHH. <l>pauey3.
B ..HnoHHH • ..HnoHeQ.
4. a) - ,n;a, s 6hlna B MocKBe. - HeT, s He 6blna B MocKBe.
- )l;a, OHH 6blnH B MTanHH. - HeT, OHH He 6blnH B MTanHH.
- )l;a, ,ll;)I(OH 6Lm B repMaHHH. - HeT, ,ll;)I(OH He 6bm B repMaHHH.
- )l;a, HaTawa 6blna B lllBeQHH. - HeT, HaTawa He 6blna B lllBeQHH.
- ,n;a, pauLwe s 6hln B MocKBe. - HeT, pauLwe s He 6hln B MocKBe.
- ,n;a, MOH .npy3LH 6LmH B PoccHH. - HeT, MOH .npy3LH He 6blnH B PoccHH.
- )l;a, BHKTOp 6hln B KHTae. - HeT, BHKTOp He 6Lm B KHTae.
6) - )l;a, OH aHrnHqaHHH. - HeT, OH He aHrnHqaHHH, OH HeMeQ.
- )l;a, OHa WBe,nKa. - HeT, OHa He WBe,nKa, OHa HTMbHHKa.
- )l;a, OHH HeMQbi. - HeT, OHH He HeMQbi, OHH aMepHKaHQbl.
- ,ll;a, s pyccKHH. - HeT, s He pyccKHH, s wBe,n.
- )l;a, Bbl KHTaeQ. - HeT, Bbl He KHTaeQ, Bbl KopeeQ.
- )l;a, s !l>paHQy3. - HeT, s He !l>paHQy3, s HeMeQ.
- )l;a, Mbl pyCCKHe. - HeT, Mbl He pyCCKHe, Mbl WBe,nbi.
- )l;a, MapTa HeMKa. - HeT, Maprn He HeMKa, OHa !l>paHQ~eHKa.
- ,ll;a, Po6ePT aMepHKaHeQ. - HeT, Po6ePT He aMepHKaueQ, OH pyccKHH.
- )l;a, OHH KOpeHQbl. - HeT, OHH He KOpeHQbl, OHH HIIOHQbi.
B) - )l;a, 3TO HOBbiH yHHBepcHTeT. - HeT, no He HOBLIH yHHBepcHTeT.
- ,ll;a, 3TO 6on~>waJI !i>HpMa. - HeT, 3TO He 6onLwaJI !i>HpMa.
- )l;a, 3TO CTapaJI WKOna. - HeT, 3TO He CTapaJI WKOna.
- )l;a, 3TO ManeHLKHH 3aso.n. - HeT, 3TO He ManeHLKHH 3aso.n.
- )l;a, 3TO HOBble Mara3HHbi. - HeT, 3TO He HOBble Mara3HHbl.
- ,ll;a, 3TO 6onLwHe 6auKH. - HeT, 3TO He 6onLwHe 6aHKH.
- )l;a, 3TO cTapbie !i>HpMbi. - HeT, 3TO He cTapble !l>HpMbi.
- )l;a, 3TO ManeHbKHe HHCTHTYTbi. - HeT, 3TO He ManeHbKHe HHCTmyTbl.
5. Ebin. Ehlna. EhlnH. ELm. Ebina. EhlnH. EhlnH. Ehln.
6. )I(HB~e. )I(HBy. )l(un,
Pa6oTaeT.Pa60TaeT.Pa60Tan.
YqHTCH HnH pa6oTaeT. YqHnacb. Pa6orneT.
292 KlliO'IM K YnPAJHHEHMJIM

)I(HBeM H yqHMCR. )l(mm H pa60TaJIH.


)I(HBYT H yqaTCR. )I(HJIH H yqHJIHCb.
7. MoJ:i. Ee.l}aw. Taoii:. Barn. Ero. Ee.
8. MoR. Moii. )I(HJI. YqHJICR. )I(Hn 11 pa6oTan. Moii. Ero. )I(HaeT, pa6oTaeT 11
yqHTCH. MoH. Mx. Pa6oTaiOT. )I(Hafu'e. YqHTecb HJIH pa6oTaeTe. )I{H.JIH, pa-
6oTaJIH H yqHJIHCb.

YpoH 5
1. - }J;a, OH IIOHHMaeT IIO-aHr.JIHHCKH. - HeT, OH He IIOHHMaeT IIO-aHr.JIHHCKH.
-}];a, R qHTaiO rro-HeMeU:KH.- HeT, R He qHTaiO rro-HeMeU:KH.
-}];a, OHH roaopRT rro-<l>paHIJ:Y3CKH.- HeT, OHH He roaopRT rro-<PpaHIJ:Y3CKH.
- }J;a, MLI IIOHHMaeM rro-pyccKH. - HeT, Mbl He IIOHHMaeM rro-pyccKH.
-}];a, Hpa MO)!(eT rrHcaTL rro-KHTaiicKH.- HeT, Hpa He MO)!(eT IIHCaTL rro-
KHTaiicKH.
- }];a, }J;)!(OH H Po6ePT MoryT roaopHTL rro-HTaJILRHCKH. - HeT, OHH He
MOryT roBOpHTb IIO-HTaJILRHCKH.
- }J;a, R MOry qJ1TaTL IIO-lliBe)lCKH.- HeT, H He MOry qJ1TaTL IIO-lliBe)lCKH.
2. foBOpH.JI, roBOplO. qHTaJI, qJ1TaeT. IlOHHMaJia, IIOHHMaeT. IlHllieM, IIHCaJIH.
foaopHT, He roaopH.JIH. IloHHMaernL. IloHHMaJI. He Mor, Mory. Mo)!(eT. Mor-
na. Mo)!(eTe. MomH.
3. Mo)!(eT. Ero. Mo)!(elliL. Taoii. Mory. Moii. MoryT. Hx. Mo)!(eM. Ham. Mo-
)!(eTe. Barn.
4. AHmniicKHH. IIo-aHmHikKH.
<l>paHU:Y3CKHii. IIo-<l>paHU:Y3CKH.
HeMeU:KHii. IIo-HeMeU:KH.
KHTaiicKHH. IIo-KHTaiicKH.
lllae)lCKHii. IIo-wae)lCKH.
PyccKHii. IIo-pyccKH.
5. )I(HBY H pa6oTalO. He MOr. fOBOpiO, IIOHHMaiO. qHTaiO, IIHlliy. fOBOpHT, qJ1-
TaeT, IIHllieT. IlOHHMaiOT. qHTaiOT, IIHlliyT. fOBOpHT.

YpoH 6
1. fo)l. fo)la. JleT. JleT. fo)la. JleT. JleT. fo)la. JleT. JleT. fo)la. fo)la.
2. MHe. EMy. HaTawe. Te6e. ,ll;)!(HMy. BaM. MaTepH. EpaTY. Eii. CecTPe. BHK-
Topy. AJieKceiO. )l(eHe. IIperro)laBaTeJIIO.
3. CKoJILKo neT JleHe? CKOJILKO JieT 6paTY? CKonLKO saM neT? CKOJILKO neT
MapTe? CKOJILKo neT CLIHy? CKOnLKO neT 6a6yrnKe? CKonLKO neT )le)lyrnKe?
CKOJILKO MHe neT?
4. a)- ,ll;a, Moii Jlpyr )!(eHaT. - HeT, MOM Jlpyr He )!(eHaT.
- }J;a, MOR IIO)lpyra 3aM)I)KeM. - HeT, MOR IIOJlpyra He 3aMy)!(eM.
- ,ll;a, ,ll;)!(OH )!(eHaT. - HeT, OH He )!(eHaT.
- ,ll;a, MaPTa 3aM)I)KeM. - HeT, oHa He 3aM)I)KeM.
- ,ll;a, ero 6paT )!(eHaT. - HeT, ero 6paT He )!(eHaT.
- ,ll;a, ee ceCTPa 3aMy)!(eM. - HeT, ee cecTPa He 3aMy)!(eM.
-}];a, BLI )!(eHaTLI. - HeT, BLI He )!(eHaTLI.
KEY TO THE EXERCISES 293
- ,D;a, shl 3aMyx<eM. - He-r, shl He 3aMyx<eM.
6) - ,D;a, y MeiUI ecTL 6paT. -He-r, y MeiUI HeT 6paTa.
- ,D;a, y Hero ecTL MaMa. - He-r, y Hero HeT MaMhl.
- .n;a, y Hee ecTL 6a6ywKa. -He-r, y Hee HeT 6a6ywKH.
- ,D;a, y HHX ecTL po,z:tHTenH. - HeT, y HHX HeT po,z:tHTeneif.
- ,D;a, y sac ecTL OTeu. - He-r, y sac HeT OTUa.
- ,D;a, y BHKTOpa ecTL )l(eHa. -He-r, y BHKTOpa HeT )l(eHhl.
- ,D;a, y Mphl ecTL Myx<. -He-r, y Mphl HeT Myx<a.
- ,D;a, y AHTOHa H JleHhl ecTL .z:teTH. -He-r, y HHX HeT ,z:teTeH.
- ,D;a, y MeiUI ecTL ChlH. -He-r, y MeiUI HeT ChlHa.
5. Y MeiUI. Y Hero. Y Hac. Y sac. Y re6.11. Y Hee. Y HHX.
6. Y HHHhl HeT Myx<a. Y BHKTOpa HeT po,z:tHTeneif. Y ceCTPhl HeT .z:toqepH. Y
6paTa HeT ChlHa. Y AH.z:tpeJI HeT )l(eHhl H ,z:teTeH. Y TaHH HeT ceCTPhl H 6parn.
Y IOpHJI MsaHosHqa HeT 6a6ywKH H ,z:te,z:tywKH. Y EneHhl TI~osHb1 HeT
ceMLH.
7. MeiUI. MHe. Y MeiUI. Ee. Eif. Y Hee. Ero. EMy. Y Hero. Bac. BaM. Y sac.
8. B HHCTHryTe. BHKTOpy. Y BHKTOpa. )l(eHe. CLIHy. ,lJ;oqepH. B wKone. JleHe.
Y JleHhl. Y JleHhl. CecTPhl. EpaTa. ,D;ereif. Oruy. B 6aHKe. MarepH. Ha 3aso-
,z:te.

YpoK 7
1. MsaHa. HaTawy. Mrop.11 CepreesHqa, MpHHY CepreesHy. ,lJ;)I(oHa. llleifny.
Jle6e.z:tesa IOpHJI TI~osHqa, Jle6e,z:tesy OnLry BacHnLesHY. Ta.HIO. AneK-
ceJI.
2. MHfiYT. qaca. MHfiYThl. qacos. qacos. qaca. MHHYT.
3. Ey,z:teT. Ey,z:teM. Ey,z:teT. Ey,z:ty. Ey,z:teTe. Ey,z:teT.
4. MHHYT qepe3 20. qacos s 8. qacos s 12. B 3 qaca. qepe3 5 MHfiYT. B 5
qacos. MHHYT qepe3 30.
5. llo.z:tpyre. ,n;pyry. ,lJ;py3LJIM. AneKcero. HaTawe. Po,z:tHTenJIM. Mropro HHKO-
naesHqy, EneHe BacHnLesHe. AHTOHosy BHKTOpy TI~osHqy. MHe. EMy.
Eif. BaM. HaM. llpeno,z:taaarenro. Jle6e,z:tesoif IOnHH MsaHosHe.
6. qro6hl oH (oHa) no3sOHHn(a) HaTawe. qro6hl oH no3sOHHn AHTHnosy MH-
xaHny MaaHosHqy, qTo6LI oHa no3sOHHna po,z:tHTenJIM. qro6hl oH no3sOHHn
.z:tPY3LJIM - Onery H Came.
8. JleHhl. EonLHHUhl .N'!! 52. Po,z:tHTeneif. lllKonhl .N'!! 10. <l>e,z:topa MsaHosHqa,
MapHH HHKOnaesHhl. <l>HpMhl.
9. 3soHHna. llo3sOHHT. 3soHHnH. llo3sOHHM. 3soHHn. Tio3sOHHWL. 3soHHn.
llo3SOHHT. 3soHHnH. llo3sOHHTe. 3soHHnH. llo3sOIUIT.
10. ,lJ;BeCTH nJITL.z:tecJIT ,z:tsa, copoK qeTwpe, soceMHa,z:tUIITL; TPHCTa TPH.z:tUIITL nJITL,
,z:teCJITL, ,z:tsa.z:tuaTL ,z:tsa; cro nJITL,z:tecJIT O,z:tHH, TPH.z:tUaTL, wecTHa.z:tUarL; ,z:tsec-
TH SOCeMb,z:teCJIT TPH, COpOK ,z:teBJITb, llJITb,z:teCJIT ,z:teSJITL; qeTblpeCTa SOCeMb-
,z:teCJIT TPH, ceMHa,z:tUaTL, ,z:tesJIHOCTO o,z:tHH; cro TPH.z:tUIITL ceML, ,z:teBJIHOCTO
ceML, ,z:teBJIHocro; cro TPHHa,z:tUaTL, soceML,z:tecJIT, nJITL,z:tecJIT wecTL; qeThl-
pecTa ceML.z:tecJIT nJITL, ceML,z:teCJI'I:, wecTL,z:tecJIT TPH; TPHCTa TPH.z:tUaTL so-
ceML, ,z:teCJITL, copoK nJITL.
294 HniO'IM H YnPAJHHEHMJIM

11. 5I npoqHTaiO. 5I ITHWy, H 6y,ny ITHCaTb. 5I ITOBTOpHIO, H 6y,ny ITOBTOpHTb. 5I


rosop10, H 6y.n;y rosopHTb. 5I nepe,naM. 5I noBTOpiO. 5I pa60TaiO, H 6y.n;y pa6o-
TaTh. 5I CKIDKy.
12. 3soHH. 3BOHHTe. Hanuwu. HanuwuTe. Pa6oTati. Pa60TatiTe. IIosTop»ti.
IloBTOpHtiTe. CKIDKH. CKIDKHTe. tinTaH. tiuTatiTe. foBopu. foBopuTe. C.n;e-
nati. C.n;enatiTe.

YpoH 8
1. H.n;ewb. H.n;y. H.n;TH. E,neT. M.n;eM. E.n;YT. E,neTe. E.n;eM. E.n;y. E,neT. H.n:YT. ExaTb.
2. BI>Ixo,nuTe. BbiXo>Ky. Bhlxo,nuT. He BbiXO,D;HM. BI>Ixo.n;uwb. BbiXO.n;HT. BI>Ixo-
,nHT. BbiXO:>Ky. BbiXO,l{HT.
3. a) ,n:o Mant3HHa. B Mara3HH. B Mara3HHe. ,n:o My3eH. B My3eti. B My3ee. ,n:o
!lJupMbi. B !lJupMy. B !lJupMe. ,n:o WKOJibi. B WKony. B WKOJie. ,n:o nocoJih-
CTBa. B nocoJihCTBO. B nocoJibCTBe. ,n:o o6me:>KHTHH. B o6me:>KHTHe. B o6-
me:>KHTHH.
6) ,n:o MocKOBCKoro yHHBepcuTeTa. B MocKOBCKHH yHHBepcHTeT. B Moc-
KOBCKOM yHnBepcHTeTe. ,n:o TBepcKOti ynHQbi. Ha TBepcKYIO ynuQy. Ha TBep-
cKoti ynuQe. ,n:o aMepuKaHcKoro nocoJihCTBa. B aMepHKaHCKoe nocoJihCTBO.
B aMepuKaHCKOM nocoJihCTBe.
4. B Mara3HH. Ha pa6ory, B yHnBepcuTeT. B !lJupMy. Ha KpacHyiO nnoma.n~>, Ha
TBepCKYIO YJIHQy, Ha neHHHCKHH npocneicr. B OOJibWOH TeaTP. B o6me:>KH-
THe. Ha EenopyccKHH BOK3aJI. B wse,ncKOe nocOJibCTBO, ,noMoti. B a3ponop1'.
5. Ha TeaTPaJibHOH nnoma.nu. Ha neHHHCKOM npocneicre. Ha KpaCHOH ITJIO-
ma.nu. Ha liaJITHHCKoti ynuQe. B aMepuKaHcKoM nocoJibCTBe. B EoJihWOM
TeaTPe. B 6aHKe H B Mara3HHe. Ha noMOHOCOBCKOM npocneicre. Ha Ca.n;o-
BOM KOJihQe. Ha EenopyccKoM BOK3ane, B M3MatinoBCKOM napKe. B o6me-
>KHTHH. tJ:oMa.
6. ,n:o Kyzy3oBcKoro npocneicra. ,n:o KpacHoti nnoma.nu. ,n:o o6me>KHTHH. ,n:o
aHrJIHHCKOro ITOCOJibCTBa. .n:o necHOH YJIHQbl . .n:o EenopyccKoro BOK3aJia.
,n:o a3ponopl'a. ,n:o Ca.n;oBoro KOJihQa, .no Eon~>woro TeaTPa, .no My3eH IIyw-
KHHa. tJ:o 6aHKa. tJ:o WKOJibi, ,D;O HHCTHryTa.
7. OcTaHOBKH. CTaHQHH. OcTaHoBoK. CTaHQHti. OcTaHOBKH, cTaHQHH. Octt-
HOBOK, OCTaHOBKH, CTaHQHIO. 0cTaHOBKY.
8. HeT, HY:>KHO H,D;TH HaJieBo. HeT, HHCTHTYT Haxo.n;HTCH cnpaBa. HeT, ocTaHoB-
Ka aBro6yca zyT. HeT, HY:>KHO exaTh HaJieBo. HeT, o6me:>KuTue cneBa. HeT,
MeTPo cnpaBa. HeT, .no MfY exaTh .n;aneKo.
10. B MocKBe, B o6me>KHTHH. Ha noMOHOCOBCKOM npocneicre. B MocKOBCKOM
rocy.n;apcTBeHHOM yHHBepcHTeTe. 2 ocTaHOBKH. B aMepuKaHCKOH !lJupMe.
Ha TBepcKoti ynuQe. Ha Kyzy30BCKOM npocneKTe. ,n:o pa6oThi. B EoJihWOM
reaTPe, Ha KpacHoti nnoma.n;u, B My3ee IIywKHHa. B ManbiH TeaTP. B M3-
MatinoBCKHH napK. ,n:o M3MatinoBcKoro napKa.

YpoH 9
1. IloKYnaeM. KynHTb. IloKYnaeT. IloKynaiO. Kynunu. IloKYnaeTe. IloKYnaeM.
Kynw. Kynu. IloKynan, noKYnaeT. Kynunu. IloKynatiTe.
KEY TO THE EXERCISES 295

2. TiocoBeToBan. llocoBezyeTe. Cosezy10. CoBeTOBaJIH. TiocoBe'I)'D. IToco-


BezyewL (coBezyewL). CoBe'I)'eM. llocoBeTOBana, nocoBeTOBaJI, nocoBero-
BaJIH. ilOCOBe'I)'DTe.
3. Py6nH,py6nL.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6rrR.
Py6neD.Py6neD.Py6nea.
5. flaqKH. llaKeT (6yn.mKa). llaKeTOB. lllzyK. EyTLinKH, 6yTLmoK, 6YTLIHOK.
llaqKa. llaqKa. llaqKY· llaqKY, naKeTa, naKeTa.
6. a) KoMy BHKTOp KynHH l(BeTLJ? liTo BHKTOp KynHn JleHe? KOMY ne-rp MBa-
HOBHq KYnHH qacLI? llro lleTP MBaHOBHq KYnHH 6pazy? KoMy ,ll;:>KOH KYnHn
CyBeHHpLI? liTO KynHn )l;:>KOH pO.l(HTerrRM?
6) KoMy HpaBHTCH 3TOT coK? liTo HpaBHTCH AHToHy? KoMy nOHpaBHHacL
MocKBa? llro HaM noHpaBHnocL? KoMy HpaBHTCH :na 6ny3Ka? llro HpaBHT-
CH AHHe lleTPOBHe?
B) KoMy H coBezyJO KYllHTL no.napm? llro H coBezyJO KYllHTL .npY3LHM? KoMy
nocoBeTOBaJI MropL, r.ne MO:>KHO KYllHTL cnoBapH? liTo nocoBeTOBaJI MropL
HaTawe? KoMy coBe'I)'eT npeno,naBaTenL, KaK nyqwe .noexaTL .no n:eHTPa?
liTo COBe'I)'eT npeno.naBaTenL ,ll;:>KoHy?
7. 3TOT. 3TH. 3Ta. 3ro. 3TH. 3TOT. 31)'. 31)'. 3TH. 3ro. JroT, 3Ta, 3TO. 31)',
3TOT. He 31)', a TY· He 3TOT, a TOT.
8. -aH, -oe, -Lie, -HD, -M, -oe, -He, -He, -Lie, -LID, -Lie, -M, -He, -oe, -He, -M, -He,
-He, -Lie, -oe, -HD, -M, -oe, -oe, -oe, -M, -LID.
9. llepHyJO cyMKY. 3TH CHHHe ,n:>KHHCLI. Cepyw J06Ky H 6enyw 6ny3Ky. EonL-
woD aHmo-pyccKHD cnoBapL, 6onLWYJO T~a.l(L H KpaCHBYJO pyqKY· )Ken-
TOe nnaTLe. PyccKHe caMoBapLI H nanexcKHe WKa'I)'nKH. rony6y10 MY:>KCKYJO
py6awKy. 3ro qepHoe nanLro.
10. 2 pyqKH H 2 6nOKHOTa.
MH.oro KOCTJOMOB H py6aweK.
5 KHHr, 6 reTpa,neD, 7 KapaH.naweD.
1 TeneBH30p, 2 MarHHTOtPOHa H MHOrO KaCCeT.
HeT qacoB, oqKoB.
MHoro UBeTOB.
MHoro OBOIQeD H tPPYKTOB.
2 qaca H 30 MHHYT.
3 caMoBapa H 5 MaTPeweK. CKonLKo yqe6HHKOB H cnoBapeD?
11. - CKonLKo ,ll;:>KoH KynHn KapaH,narnea, T~a,neD H pyqeK?- 2 KapaH,nawa,
5 TeTPa,neD H 1 pyqKY·- CKOHLKO B KOMHaTe npeno,naBaTeneD H C'I)'.l(eHTOB?
- 3 npeno,naBaTenH H 22 C'I)',l(eHTa. - CKORLKO OBOIQeD H tPPYKTOB OHa
xoqeT KYllHTL?- 2 KHHOrpaMMa oBoiQeD H 1 KHHorpaMM tl>PYKTOB.- CKOnL-
KO y AHTOHa KOCTJOMOB, py6arneK H raJIC'I)'KOB?- 2 KOCTJOMa, 4 py6awKH H
5 ranczyKOB. - CKonLKO y MarnH nnaTLeB, w6oK, 6ny3oK, KyproK? - 5
nnaTLeB, 2 106m, 4 6ny3KH, 1 KYPTKa.
12. CKonLKO czy.neHTOB, 2 czy.neHTa, 5 czy,neHTOB
CKonLKO repoeB, 2 repoH, 5 repoeB
CKonLKO cnoBapeD, 2 cnoBapH, 5 cnoBapeD
CKonLKo T~a,neD, 2 T~a.nH, 5 TeTPa.neD
296 IUIIOIIM H YOPAJHHEHMRM

CKOnbKO MHH)'T, 2 MHH)'Thl, 5 MHH)'T


CKon&Ko CT)',D;eHTOK, 2 CT)',D;eHTKH, 5 CT)',D;eHTOK
CKOn&Ko py6aweK, 2 py6awKH, 5 py6aweK
CKOni>KO MopeR, 2 MopJI, 5 MopeR
CKon&Ko cTaHI.(HR, 2 cTaHI.(HH, 5 cTaHI.(HR

YpoK 10
1. ll106mo. ll106HTe. ll106Hna, n106HT. ll106JIT. ll106HWb. ll106HnH, He n106HM.
ll106HT. oy,D;eT n106HTb.
2. 3HMY H nero. KpacHBYIO CYMKY. Cec1py H 6paTa. fa3eTI>I H X<ypHanhl. 3Ty
6ny3KY H 3TOT wap4>. XonO,D;ftYIO IIOro,D;y. flaqKy Macna H IIaKeT MOnOKa.
Terrnoe Mope H X<apKoe conHI.(e. BHKTOpa, TaHIO. 3ro qepHoe rran&ro H 31)'
cepy10 WnJirry. CI>Ip. Phl6y. KpacHBhlX ,D;eByweK.
3. a) Po,D;HnCJI. Po,D;HnHc&. Po,D;HnCJI. Po,D;HnHCI>. Po,D;HnHCI>. Po,D;HnCJI. Po,D;HnHc&.
Po,D;Hnac&.
6) llpHexanH. llpHexan, rrpHexana. llpHexanH. llpHexan.
4. Kyrra10cL. KaTanCJI. :Sy,D;yr KaTaTI>CJI. Kyrranac&. KyrraTI>CJI. KaTaTI>CJI. KaTa-
IOTCJI (KyrraiOTCJI). KaTaeiii&CJI. By,D;y KYIIaTI>CJI.
5. fpa,D;yca. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yCOB. fpa,D;yca. fpa,D;yCOB.
fpa,D;yca.
6. CHn&Hee. Xono,D;Hee. Terrnee. Bon&we. )l(apqe, llyqwe. llpoxna,D;Hee. MeH&-
we. XYX<e. KpacHBee.
7. BaM. EMy. lleHe. Te6e. HaM. MHe. MM. BHKTOpy. Eil:. BaM. AH,D;peiO. ,[ijly3&-
JIM.
8. a) Bqepa He 6blno cHera. 3aB1pa He 6y,D;eT ,D;OX<,l(JI. Y MeHJI HeT cecTphl. Y
Hero He 6hlno HHTepecHOR KHHrH. Cero,D;HJI HeT MOp03a. B Mara3HHe He 61>Ino
cyBeHHpOB. 3aB1pa He 6y,D;eT COnHI.(a.
6) 11M xoqeTcJI OT,D;biXaT&. ER He xoqeTcJI pa60TaTI>. HaM xoqeTcJI neroM una-
BaT& H 3aropaT&. MHe xoqeTcJI roBopHTI> rro-pyccKH 6biC1pO H rrpaBHni>HO.
Te6e xoqeTCJI rroexaTI> B MocKBy? aaM xoqeTCJI xopowo KaTaTbCJI Ha nhlX<ax?
AHTOey He xoqeTcJI rynJITI> B necy. One He xoqeTcJI 3BOHHTI> rro,D;pyre.
9. a) Coo6ll.(anH, qTo 6y,D;eT +5 rpa,D;ycoB. llHwyr, qro ,D;OMa Bee B rropJI,D;Ke.
CeRqac 6y,D;yr rrepe,D;aBaTI>, KaKaJI rroro,D;a 6y,D;eT 3aB1pa.
6) foBopJIT, qro B lloH,D;OHe Bcer,D;a H,D;~ ,D;O)I(,l(b. llHIIIyr, qro B CH6HpH Mo-
po3 ,D;O -35°. Coo6ll.(aiOT, qro 3aB1pa 6y,D;eT cHer. llepe,D;aiDT, qro B 6nHX<aR-
wHe ,D;HH 6y,D;eT Terrnu rroro,D;a.
11. Po,D;HnCJI BecHoR, B Mapn:, Ha 10re PoccHH. JleroM. 3eneH&Ie, l.(BeTOB, 4>PYK-
TOB, OBOII.(eH. B Mope, phl6y. B necy, B rrapKe, Jiro,D;hl H rpH6bl. HeT Mopo3a H
cHera. ConHI.(e, Mopo3 H cHer. OT ,D;Ba,D;l.(aTH ,D;o 1pHJJ.l.(aTH rpa,D;ycoB, HeT ,D;OX<-
,l(JI. llyqiiie. 0 neTe, o Mope, o conHI.(e. CaMoe xopowee.

YpoK 11
1. :SoneeTe. Bone10. 3a6onen. :SoneeT. :SoneeM. :Sonen. 3a6onena. :SoneiOT. He
6oneRTe.:SonenH,6oneeM.
KEY TO THE EXERCISES 297
2. 11Lere. 11Lro. 11LeTe. 11LeM. llnTL. BLIIIHJI. lleihe. BLmuna. BLmLro. BLI-
IIHTL. BLIIILIOT. BLIIIHJI. 11LeiiiL (sLIIILeiiiL).
3. E,nme. E,nuM. EIIIL. EM. E,nuM. C'beJia. EIIILTe. EcTL, c'beM. Enu. E.wrr. C'beCT.
EIIIL (c'beiiiL ).
4. CIInTe. CIIHM. CIIHIIIL. CIIJiro. CIIHT. CIIan. CIIaTL. CIIuTe. Ey,neM ciiaTL.
CIIanu. CIIan. CruiT.
5. Tpu,nQaTL IIIecTL H IIIeCTL, TPH,nQaTL ceML u .nse, TPH.nQaTL soceML, TPH.n-
QaTL ceML u IUITL, TPH.nQaTL ,neBHTL u o,nHa, TPH.nQaTL IIIecTL u ,neBHTL, TPH.n-
QaTL ceML u 'ieTLipe, Tpu,nQaTL soceML u ceML, TPH.nQaTL ,neBHTL u ,neBHTL.
6. Pa3a. Pa3. Pa3a. Pa3. Pa3a. Pa3. Pa3. Pa3.
7. llpocry,nHJICH. llpocry,nHJIHCL. llpocry,nHJiacL. llpocry,nHJICH. llpocry.nunucL.
llpocry,nHJICH.
8. llpHHHMaeTe. llpHHHMaiO. llpHMeT. llpHHHMaTb. llpHHHMaeM. llpHHHMaJIH.
Ey,neTe IIpHHHMaTL. llpHHHMaihe. llpHHHMaeiiiL. llpHHHJI.
9. - ,ll;a, eMy xo'ieTCH ecTL.- HeT, eMy He xo'ieTcH ecTL.
- ,ll;a, HaTaiiie xo'ieTCH ciiaTL. - HeT, HaTaiiie He xo'ieTCH ciiaTL.
- ,ll;a, AHTOHY xo'ieTCH ryMTL. - HeT, AHTOHY He xo'ieTCH ryJIHTL.
- ,ll;a, MHe XO'ieTCH pa60TaTL. - HeT, MHe He XO'ieTCH pa60TaTb.
- ,lJ;a, HM XO'ieTCH IIHTb. - HeT, HM He XO'ieTCH IIHTb.
10. K .npyry. K ,npy3LHM. K po,nuTeMM. K spa'iy. K HaTaiiie u 11ropro. K 6pary u
cecTPe. K IIo,npyre.
12. l.JyscTBOBaJI. l.JyscTsyeiiiL. Ey.ny qyscTsosaTL. l.JyscTsyeM. l.JyscTsyeTe. Ey-
,neiiiL 'iYBCTBOBaTb. l.JyBCTBYIOT. l.JyBCTBOBaJia.

YpoH 12
1. a) BcTaeT. BcTanu. BcTaeiiiL (scTan). BcTan. Ey.ny scTasaTL. BcTasau! BeTa-
sana, BCTaer. BcTaTL. BcTaiOT.
6) ner CIIaTb. nmKHMCH CIIaTb. nmKHJiaCb CIIai'b, JIO>KHTbCH. nmKHIIIbCH CIIaTb.
ner CIIaTb. Iiy.nYT JIO)I(HTbCH CIIaTL. no)I(HJICH CIIaTb. no)I(HCb CIIaTb.
2. a) C JIHMOHOM. C MOJIOKOM. C MHCOM H MaCJIOM. C CblpOM. C pb160H. C
OBO~aMH. C. KOJI6aCOH.
6) C IIO,npyrou. C KOJIJieraMH. C ,npy3LHMH. C ,npyroM. C po,nHTeMMH. C
IIpeiio,nasaTeJieM.
B) C MOJIOKOM. C JIHMOHOM H caxapOM. C OBO.I.QaMH. C CblpOM H KOJI6acon. C
IIO,npyrou neHOH. c .npyroM BHKTOpOM. c po,nuTeJIHMH. c .npy3LHMH. c
AH,npeeM, HaTaiiieti u Oneu.
3. K .npy3LHM, c .npy3LHMH. K .npyry, c .npyroM. K po,nuTeJIHM, c po,nuTeMMH. K
HaTaiiie H Onery, c HaTaiiieu H OneroM. K neHe H AneKcero, c neHOH H
AneKceeM. K KOJIJieraM, c KOJIJieraMH.
4. K KOMY OH IIon.ner B rocTu? K KOMY Mhl IIoe,neM neroM? C KeM H u.ny B
rocTu? Ky,na OHH IIpuexanu? f.ne BLI )I(HBeTe? K KOMY oH e3,nHJI c .npy3LHMH?
(C KeM oH e3,nun K po,nuTeMM?) Ky.na oHa xo,nuna c Caiiien? (C KeM oHa
XO.L(HJia Ha BbiCTaBI<y?)
5. B TeaTP HJIH Ha BLICTaBI<y. Ha pa6ory ( c pa60TLI). Ha 3KCI<ypcuro. Ha cTa,nu-
OHe. B My3eu. B My3ee. B EonLIIIOM TeaTPe. B IIIKOJie, B yHusepcuTeTe. Ha
KOHQePT, Ha .L(HCKOTeKy.
298 Knto'IM K YnPAlKHEHMJIM

6. YMhiBaiOCh, qmuy 3y6hr, 3as-rpaKaro, Ht~y. ,ll;enaeT 3apx~Ky, rrpHHHMaeT xo-


JIO~HhiH ~ylll. IIpHqechrBaeTCH Ho~esaeTcH. 06e~aiOT Hyx<HHaiOT. Epeelllb-
CH. Eperoch. IIpHHHMaeTe saHHy. 3as-rpaKaeM.
7. OH rro6pHJICH H YMhiJICH. 0HH rro3aBTpaKaJIH H llOlllJIH Ha pa6my. Mhrrro-
o6e~anH H rroexanH BHHCTHTYT. 0Ha o~enach H rrpHqecanacb. BbrrrpHHHJIH
~Ylll H ll03aBTpaKaJIH. Tbl BCTaJI H c~eJian 3apH~KY·
8. B cy66ozy. BTopHHK. B rroHe~eJibHHK. Ha cpe~y. B cpe~y. B qeTsepr. Ha
cy66ozy H socKpeceHbe. B cy66ozy. B rrHTHHUy.
9. 1-belllb. 11~y. Xo~Hlllh. Xo)!(y. 11~YT· 11~yT. Xo~HJIH. Xo)!(y. Xo~Hlllh. lllna.
Xo~HJIH. Xo~HJI. 11~m. Xo~HT. Xo~HT. lllen.lllnH.
10. E~elllb. E~y. E3~HTe. E3)!(y. Exana. E3~HJIH. E3~HTe. E3~HM. ExaTb. E~yT.
E~eT. E3~HJI, e3~HJia, e3~HJIH. Exan. ExanH. E~elllb. E~eTe.
11. a) IIoii~eTe. IIoii~y. IIoii~eTe. IIoii~eM. IIolllna. IIolllen. IIolllJIH. IIolllen.
IIOlllJIH.
6) IIoe~yT. IIoe~eT. IIoe~y. IIoexana. IIoe~elllb. IIoexan. IIoe~eM. IIoe~eTe.
IIoexan.
12. IIpHxo~HTe. IIpHxo)!(y. IIpHxo~HT. IIpHxo~HT. IIpHlllen. He rrpHlllen. IIpH-
~cr. IIpHlllJIH. He rrpHlllJIH. TipH~YT· IIpHXo~HJia. IIpHXo~HT. IIpH,llcre. IIpH,lly.
IIpHlllJia. IIpHlllJIH. IIpHxo~HM. IIpHxo~HTe.
13. IIpHexana, rrpHexan, rrpHexanH. I1pHe3)!(aiO, rrpHe3)!(aiOT. I1pHe3)!(aeTe. I1pH-
e3)!(aeT. IIpHe~yT. IIpHe~yT. I1pHe3)!(aJI, rrpHe3)!(aeT. IIpHexan. IIpHe~eT (rrpH-
e3)!(aeT). IIpHe~eTe.
14. Ha. Ha. 113. C. B. lb. Ha. Ha. B. lb. C.
15. C pa6oTbi. 113 AMepHKH. 113 yHHBepcHTeTa. C 3KCKypcHH. 113 Tea-rpa. Co
CTa~HOHa. 113 pecTopaHa. 113 11TaJIHH, H3 repMaHHH, H3 KaHa~bl.
16. Ky~a OH xo~HJI? 0TKy~a oHa rrpHlllJia? Ky~a e~yT czy~eHTbi? 0TKy~a rrpH-
lllJia rMH? Ky~a Mhi rroe~eM? Ky~a H e3~Hna? 0TKy~a H rrpHexan? Ky~a xo-
~HJIH MOH ~PY3hH? Ky~a rrpHexan ,ll;)!(OH? 0Tey~a rrpHexan ,ll;)!(OH?
17. MhrrrpHlllJIH c pa6oThr. HaTallla rrpHexana c BhiCTaBKH. AneKceii rrpHllleJI H3
TeaTpa. MoH ~PY3hH rrpHlllJIH H3 MaraJHHa . .5I rrpHexan co cTa~HoHa. Czy-
~eHThrrrpHexanH H3 yHHBepcHTeTa. TbrrrpH~elllb co CTa~HoHa? JlrrpHe~y H3
lPHPMhl.

YpoH 13
1. )l(;:(an. )l(;:(elllb. )l(;:(y. )l(;:(eM. )l(;:(eT. )l(;:(eT. )l(;:(anH. Ey~y ~aTb. )l(;:(cre. )I(;:(YT.
)I(~eM.
2. Bc-rpeqaeMCH. Bc'Tpeqaerech. Bc-rpeqarocb. Bc-rpeTHMCH. Bc-rpeqancx, BCTpe-
qaroch. Bc-rpeqaelllbCH. Bc-rpeqanHCh. BcTpemncx. Bc-rpeTHThCH. BcTpeqa-
JIHCh.BcTpeTHJIHCh.Bc-rpeTHJiach.BcTpeTHMCH.Bc-rpeqaTbCH.Bc-rpeqaTbCH.
BcTpeTHTCH.
3. a) B Mara3HHe; y lllKOJihi; B Me'TpO; y 6aHKa; B TeaTpe; y YHHBepCHTeTa; B
4JHpMe; y My3eH.
6) B MeTpo. Y YHHBepcHTeTa. B My3ee. Y lPHPMhl. Y MaraJHHa.
KEY TO THE EXERCISES 299
4. IIponmoe BOCKpeceHhe, cne.l(yromHe BhiXO.l(Hhle, B npownyro cy66ozy, cne-
.l(YIOIUHH BTOpHHK, Ha npOWJIOH He,l(eJie, CJie,l(yiOIUlUI llliTHHQa, B npOWJihiH
pa3, CJie,l(yiOIUHH 'ieTBepr, B npOlliJIYIO cpe,11;y, CJie.l(yiOIUHH OTnycK, npOWJihle
KaHHKYJihi.
5. B cne,11;yromyro cy66ozy Mhi noif.l(eM BTeaTP. B npownoe BOCKpeceHhe ,lJ:)f<OH
H Po6eJYf e3,l(HJIH Ha 3KcKypcHro. B cne.l(yromHif noHe,l(eJihHHK ll 6y,11;y Ha
pa60Te. B npownhre BhiXO.l(Hhle Bhi 6hiJIH .l(OMa? Ha npownoif He.l(ene 6hiJIO
xono.l(HO. B cne.l(yromHif pa3 Thl noe,l(eWh Ha 3KcKypcHro B Cy3.l(aJih? KaK Bhl
npoBeJIH npownyro He,l(enro? Mhl BCTPeTHMCll B cne.l(yiOIUHH qeTBepr. IIpo-
WJihiH OTITyCK ll npoBeJia Ha MOpe. CJie,l(yiOll(He KaHHKYJihl OHa npoBe,l(eT y
6a6ywKH B ,ll;epeBHe.
6. 1) )J:a, MHe y,11;06HO.
2) 5£ cornacHa.
3) HeT, nyqwe noif.l(eM B BOCKpeceHhe.
4) HeT, nyqwe B 16 qacoB.
5) CornaceH.
7. IIpoBO,l(HTe. IIpoBeJIH. IIpoBO.l(HT. IIpoBO.l(liT. IIpoBO.l(HJIH, npoBO.l(HM. IIpo-
Be,l(eWh. IIpoBO.l(HT. IIpoBe,l(eM. IIpoBe.l(y. IIpoBo.l(HTe. IIpoBO.l(HTh. IIpoBe-
JIH (npoBe,l(ere). IIpoBen (npoBe.l(y). IIpoBO.l(HT.
8. a) PHcyewb. PHcyro. PHCOBaTh. PHcyeTe. PHCOBaJia, pHcyeT. PHcyiOT. oy,l(eT
pHCOBaTh.
6) oy.l(y TaHQeBaTh. TaHQyeT. TaHQyeTe. TaHQYIO. TaHQeBaJI, TaHQyeT. TaHQe-
BaTh. TaHQYIOT. oy,l(eM TaHQeBaTh.
B) IIoeT. IIeTh. IIoewh. IIoro. IIoeT. IIenH, rroroT. Ey,11;yT rreTh.
9. Mrpaewh.Mrparo.MrpanH.MrpaeT. oy,l(eM HrpaTh.MrpaTh. Mrpan, HrpaeT.
Ey,11;y HrpaTh. Mrpaewh. MrpaeTe.

YpoK 14
1. a) 3aHHMaeTech. 3aHHMaroch. 3aHHMaeTcll. 3aHHMaJIHCh. He 3aHHMaeMCll.
3aHHMaeWhCll. oy,l(eTe 3aHHMaThCll. oy.l(y 3aHHMaThCll. 3aHHMaJICll. 3aHHMa-
eTCll. 3aHHMaiOTCll, 3aHHMaJIHCh.
6) l1HTepecyeTech.l1HTepecyroch. l1HTepecyeTCll. He HHTepecoBaJIHCh.MH-
TepecyeMc.JI. l1HTepecyiOTCll. l1HTepecyeWhCll. l1HTepeCOBaJiaCh, He HH-
TepecyeTCll.
B) YBneKaeTc.JI, yBJieKaiOTcll. YBJieKaeTech. YBneKaroch. YBJieKaewhc.JI. YB-
neKaJICll. YBneKaeTc.JI.YBJieKaJIHCh,yBJieKaeMc.JI.
2. CnoproM. KnaccH'ieCKOH MY3hiKOH. <I>yT6onoM, xoKKeeM. PyccKHM ll3hiKOM,
aHrJIHHCKHM ll3hiKOM. l1TaJihliHCKOH JIHTepazypoif H pyCCKHM HCKYCCTBOM.
IllaxMaTaMH. PyccKoif HCTOpHeif. ABToMo6HJiliMH.
4. IlpHroTOBHJia. oy,l(eT rOTOBHTh (npHroTOBHT). roTOBHTh. rOTOBJIIO. roTOBHM.
roTOBHJia, rOTOBHT. IIpHroTOBHTh. roTOBliT. roroBHTe. IIpHrOTOBJIIO. roro-
BHJI. oy,l(eT rOTOBHTh.
6. Ha 3KceypcH.Jix. Ha copeBHOBaHH.JIX. B pa3HhiX CTPaHax. 0 po,li;HTeJiliX H ,11;py-
3hliX. B MOCKOBCKHX TeaTPax. 0 HOBhiX KHHrax. 0 TPY.l(HhiX ynpiDI<HeHH.JIX.
0 pyccKHX cnoJYfCMeHax. 0 nro6HMhiX aJYfHCTax. Ha BhiCTaBKax.
300 K11104H K YnPAJKHEHHJIM

YpoK 15
1. C Po)!(.uecTBOM. C .!(HeM po)!(,lleHIDI. C w611neeM. C rrp83.UH11KOM. C Me)!(.uy-
Hapo.UHhlM )!(eHCKI1M .UHeM 8 MapTa. C .UHeM csa.uh6br. C HoBhlM ro.uoM. C
HOBOCeJibeM.
2. 3.uopoBbH 11 cqacTbH. EoJibilli1X ycrrexos B pa6oTe. Pa.uocTI1, 6o.upocTI1 11 xo-
poillero HaCTPOeHIDI. Bcero caMoro xopoillero 11 .uo6poro. EoJihillOH Kperr-
KOH nw6s1111 B3aHMOIIOHHMaHIDI. CqacThH B nrrqHoi1 )!(H3HH H y.uaq11.
3. Te6H. Te6e. Bac. BaM. Bac. EMY. 11M. Ee, ei1. Mx, MM.
4. B saillei1 ceMei1Hoi1 )!(113H11. B TBoei1 HeJierKoi1 pa6oTe. B BailleM ,!lOMe. Bo
scex sailli1X .uenax. B 11x )!(113HH. Bo scex TBOI1X .uenax. B miqHoi1 )!(H3HI1, B
Baillei1 pa6oTe. B HosoM ro.uy. B saillei1 ceMbe.
5. Tso11x .upy3ei1. Bailly ceMblO. Bailly )!(eHy. Bailli1X .ueTei1. Tso11x po.urrTenei1.
BaillHX Konner. Tsow MaMy, TBoero on.~;a. Haillero rrperro.uasaTeJIH.
6. Baillei1 ceMbe. TBOI1M .upy3hHM. BaillHM pO,lli1TeJIHM. Baillei1 )!(eHe, Bailli1M .ue-
TIIM. Tsoei1 MaMe 11 TBOeMy OTizy. BaillHM KOJIJieraM. HailleMy rrperro.uasaTeJIIO.
7. Cso11x po.urrTenei1. Csmo cecTpy. Cso11M .upy3hHM. CsoeMy 6pary. Cso11x
.ueTei1. Csoei1 )!(eHe. CsoeMy ChiHy. Csow ceMhiO: csoero ChiHa, csow .UO%,
csow )!(eHy, csoero 6paTa, csow cecTpy, csoro MaMy H csoero rrarry.

YpoK 16
1. IIo.uapHillb. IIo.uapw. IIo.uap11Tb. IIo.uaprr. ,JJ;aprrTe. ,JJ;aprrM. IIo.uaprrna, rro-
.uap11Tb. ,JJ;ap111I, rro.uap11n. ,JJ;aprrTe. ,JJ;ap11M. ,JJ;apHT. IIo.uap11M. ,JJ;ap11Te.
2. Jle)!(HT. Kna.uy. IIoJIO)!(I1Te. Jle)!(an. Kna.uere. Jle)!(I1T. Knana, KJia.uh He KJia-
.UH. IIoJIO)!(I1M. IIoJIO)!(I1JI. Kna.ueM. Ey.uy Jie)!(aTb. Jle)!(I1T.
3. CTOHT. CTaBJIIO. CToHJI. IIocTaBbTe. CTOI1T. CTaBI1M. IIocTaBI1JII1 (cTaBHTe).
CTaBbTe. IIocTaBI1M. IIocTaBHJia. IIocTaBJIIO. CTaBI1T. CTo~n.
5. Han11na. Han11sai1Te (Hanei1Te). Hanber. Han11sai1Te. Hanbeillb, HaJiblO. Ha-
JII1Bana. Han11saeT. Han11JIH. HanHTb. Hanrrsaeillb. Han11saw. HanrrBaTb.
6. IIose3no. Be3er. IIoBe3no. IIose3eT. Be3eT (rroBe3JIO). Be3eT. He rroBe3no,
He Be3er, rroBe3er.
8. ? ! ? ! ? ! ? ! ? !
9. a) KaK BKycHo! KaK H pa.ua Bac BH.UeTh! KaK H ycTana! KaK OH rrrpaeT! KaK
OHa rroeT! KaK Bbl rOTOBHTe! KaK Tbl fOBOp11illb rro-pyccKH!
6) CKOJihKO rro.uapKOB! CKOJibKO KHI1r! CKOJihKO .upy3ei1! CKOJihKO y Bac )!(yp-
HaJIOB! CKOJibKO y Te6H KacceT! CKOJihKO rocTei1!
B) KaKoil BKYCHhiH canaT! KaKOH canaT!
KaKOH MO,llHbiH KOCTIOM! KaKOH KOCTIOM!
KaKoe BKYCHoe Mopo)!(eHoe! KaKoe Mopo)!(eHoe!
KaKaH Kpaci1BaH .uesyillKa! KaKaH .ueByillKa!
KaKrre rrpeKpacHhre useThi! KaKrre UBeTbr!
KaK11e y Te6JI xopOilll1e .upy3hH! KaKI1e .UPY3bJI!
KaK11e xopOilll1e rro.uapK11 MHe rro.uap11n11! KaK11e rro.uapK11 MHe rro.uap11nrr!
KaKoii cero.uHH OTJIHqHhrii .ueHb! KaKoil cero.uHH .ueHb!
11. C¢oTorpaqmpyw. <I>OTorpa¢11pyeillb. <l>oTorpa¢rrpyw. <I>OTorpa¢11posaTb.
C¢oTorpa¢rrpyii. <l>oTorpa¢rrpoBana, ¢oT0rpa¢11pyeT. Ey.uy ¢oTo-
rpa¢rrpoBaTh. <l>oTOrpa¢rrpoBan. <l>oTorpa¢rrpyiOT.
COl!EPJKAHME

llpe,ZJ;HCJIOBHe. .... ..... ... ... .... ... ...... .. ....... ..... ... ....... .... .... ..... ... ..... .. ...... ... .. ... ........ 5
PyccKuii: aJicJlaBHT. .. .. .. .... .. .. ..... .. ..... ... .... .... ...... .. .. ..... ........ ...................... ..... 10
Aumo-pyccKuii: TeMaTH'IeCKHH cJioBapL .................................................. 12
YpoK 1. CTepeoTHDbl o6~euus
KoMMeHTapuii:
{KaK pyccKue oopatt~aiOmC.R opyz K opyzy, oopatt~eHUe Ha «B&Z»
U Ha «m&l», of/JUtiUa.JI&H&lU U Heof/JUtiUa.JI&H&lU CmUJlU OOUieHUJl.
fPopMyll&Z npueemcmeU.R u npott~aHU.R, fjJopMyll&l ee:JIC/lueocmu] ...... 21
YpoK 2. 3HaKOMCTBO. llpe,ZJ;cTaBJieuue
KoMMeHTapuii:
{IlOllH&ze u HenoAH&ze UMeHa pyccKux, o6patt~eHue no UMeHu,
no UMeHu-omttecmey, paMWluu. KaK npeocmaeum&C.R caMOMy, KaK
npeocmaeum& opyza UJlU KOJUlezyj ..................................................... 26
YpoK 3. llpocJ»eccus
[Bawa cnet~Ua.JI&HOCm&. KaK CKa3am&, zoe 8&l pa6omaeme UJlU
yttumec&. KaK cnpocum& o6 3m OM opyzozo tteJl08eKa} ...................... 36
YpoK 4. Hau;uouaJILHOCTL
[Bawa Hat~UOHa.JI&HOCm&. KaK CKa3am&, zoe 8&l :J/CUJlU paH&we
u :J/CUBiime ceuttac. KaK cnpocum& o6 3mOM opyzozo tteJl08eKa} ...... 45
YpoK 5. .sl3b1K
{KaK cnpocum& opyzozo tteJl08eKa 0 mOM, KaKUe .R3&lKU OH 3Haem.
Baw pooHou .R3&ZK, eaw pooHou zopoo} ............................................ 54
YpoK 6. 0 ce6e
[KaK paccKa3am& o ceoeu ce.M&e u o ceoiiM ce.MeUHOM nollo:JK:eHuu.
KaK cnpocum& o6 3mOM opyzozo tteJl08eKa} ...................................... 62
YpoK 7. TeJiecJloHHLiii: pa3rooop
KoMMeHTapuii:
{Oco6eHHocmu o6tt~eHU.R pyccKux no meJlefjJoHy. KaK omeemum&
Ha me!lepoHH&ZU 380HOK, KaK no3eam& K meJlefjJoHy, ttmo CKa3am&,
eCJlu cnpawuearom tteJloeeKa, Komopozo Hem Ha Mecme] ................. 71
YpoK 8. OpueuTau;us B ropo,ZJ;e
KoMMeHTapuii:
[Buo&z mpaHcnopma 8 Poccuu, zoe u KaK Kynum& OUJlem&z.
KaK cnpocum&, zoe HaxooumC.R HY:J/CHaR BaM YllUtla, zocmuHUt~a
U m.O. U KQK MO:J/CHO ooexam& UJlU OOUmU 00 3mOZO Mecma.
KaK CaMOMY omeemum& Ha eonpoc&z o MecmoHaxo:JK:oeHUU
KaKOZo-mo OObeKma u 0 moM, KaK myoa oo6pam&c.R} ...................... 90
302 COAEPJKAHKE

YpoK 9. B MaraJuHe
KoMMeHTapHii
[Tun&z Maca3UH06 6 Poccuu, oco6eHHocmu onJlam&z mo6apo6.
KaK cnpocum& o cmouMocmu mo6apa, KaK nonpocum& noKa3am&
uJZu iJam& 'lmo-mo. PyccKue cy6eHup&z} ........................................... 108
YpoK 10. Iloro~a. BpeMeHa ro~a. JlmouMoe opeMH ro~a
[BpeMeHa zoiJa. MeCRLfbl. KaK paccKa3am& o nozoiJe, KaK cnpocum&,
KaKaR nozoiJa 6yiJem 6 6JZuJICaiiluue iJHu. IlpozHo3 nozoiJ&z no paiJuo
u me!le6uiJeHUIO. KaK pacCKa3am& o Jli06UMOM 6peMeHu zoiJa} ....... 130
YpoK 11. 3~opoohe. CaMoqyocToue
[KaK om6emumb Ha 6onpoc&z o 30opo6&e u KaK calvtoMy 3aiJamb
3mu 6onpoc&z. KaK cKa3am&, ec!lu y 6ac 'imo-mo 6onum. KaK no-
J/Ce!lam& 300p06bR} ........................................................................... 153
YpoK 12. Moii ~eHh
[J(Hu HeiJe!lu. KaK paccKa3am& o moM, 'imo 6&1 o6&Z'iHO Oe!laeme
6 me'ieHue OHJl u 'imo co6upaemec& iJenam& 6 6JZUJ!Cail.utue OHu.
KaK cnpocum& iJpyzozo 'leJI06eKa o ezo n!laHax, o moM, KaK oH
npo6iJJz 6blXOOHble} ............................................................................ 167
YpoK 13. C8ooo~uoe 8peMH. Ilpumarneuue o rocTu, 8 TeaTp
KoMMeHTapuii
[KaK o6&z'iHO pyccKue npo6oiJRm c6o6oiJ1we 6peMR. KaK npu2!1acum&
6 meamp unu 6 zocmu 6autux iJpy3eu, KaK caMoMy om6emum&
Ha maKoe npu2!1azueHue, KaK omKa3am&cJl, ecnu 6bl 3aHRm&z.
KaK iJozo6opumbcR o Mecme u 6peMeHu 6cmpe'iu. KaK pacCKa3amb,
'ilnO 6bl !1106ume Oe!lamb 6 C60600HOe 6peMRj ................................. 189
YpoK 14. Xooou. YoJieqenusr
[KaK paccKa3am& o c6oux Y6JZe'ieHURX, o C60eM !llo6UMoM nucame!le,
apmucme u m.iJ. KaK cnpocumb o6 3mOM iJpycozo 'ieJI06eKa} ........ 204
YpoK 15. IlpaJ~HHKH. IloJ~paBJieHHH
KoMMeHTapHii
{PyccKUe npa30HUKU, oco6eHHOCmu n030pa6JZeHUU C npa30HUKOM
y pyccKux. KaK no3iJpa6um& c npa30HUKOM 6azuux iJpy3eu
u 6autux KOJlJlez. KaK Hanucamb n03iJpa6Ume!lbHYIO omKp&zmKy} ... 219
YpoK 16. H~eM 8 rocTu. B rocTsrx
KoMMeHTapHli
[Oco6eHHocmu npu2!1auteHUfl 6 zocmu y pyccKux, KOMY u 'lmo
npuHRmo oapum&, KaK ce6R 6ecmu, ec!lu 6bl 6 cocmRx y pyccKux
iJpy3eu. KaK npenoiJHecmu noiJapoK, KaK npeiJnoJ/Cum& mocm
3a Kozo-mo. KaKue ppa3bl Mo:JICHO cKa3am& 3a cmonoM.
C/JopMy!lbl 11POU1QHU5l 20Cmeu U X03fle6} ............................................ 235
KpaTKHH oqepK pyccKoii $oneTHKH (na anmuiicKoM HJhiKe) ............. 258
KpaTKUH oqepK pyccKoii rpaMMaTHKH (na aHrJIHHCKOM HJhiKe) ......... 261
!paMMaTuqeCKHe TaOJIHUhi ...................................................................... 277
KJiroqu K ynpa~HeHHHM ........................................................................... 290
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface ............................................................................................................ 8
The Russian Alphabet ................................................................................. 10
Vocabulary Reference List .......................................................................... 12
Lesson 1. Russian Forms of Address
Commentary
[How Russians address one another; when to use BJ>I and Thi;
formal and informal styles of address. Forms ofgreeting and
farewell; forms of courtesy} ................................................................ 21
Lesson 2. Getting Acquainted. Introductions
Commentary
[Full and shortened Russian names; when to address Russians
by first name, first name and patronymic, last name. Introducing
yourself, your friend or colleague; answering questions about
yourself] .............................................................................................. 26
Lesson 3. Professions
[Describing your profession; explaining where you work or study;
asking others about their profession} ................................................. 36
Lesson 4. Nationality
[Talking about your nationality; describing where you used to live
and where you live now; asking these questions of someone else} ..... 45
Lesson 5. Language
[Naming your native language; explaining that you speak
and understand a little Russian; asking others what languages
they speak} .......................................................................................... 54
Lesson 6. About Yourself
[Talking about yourself, your family, asking others about themselves}..... 62
Lesson 7. Using the Phone
Commentary
[How Russians typically talk on the phone. Answering the phone;
asking for the person you are calling; what to say if that person
is out] ................................................................................................. 71
Lesson 8. Getting Around the City
Commentary
[Types of transportation in Russia, where and how to buy tickets.
Asking the location of a street, hotel, store; giving directions} .......... 90
304 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Lesson 9. In the Store


Commentary
[Types of stores in Russia; how to purchase goods in Russian stores.
Asking the cost ofgoods, to look at or purchase goods; learning
about Russian souvenirs] .................................................................. 108
Lesson 10. Weather. The Seasons. Favorite Season of the Year
[Describing the season ofyear; answering questions about
when you arrived in Russia and how long you will be here;
talking about the weather and your favorite season;
listening to weather reports on radio and television;
asking others about the weather forecast} ........................................ 130
Lesson 11. Health. How You Feel
[Answering questions about your health; explaining that you
don '!feel well; wishing someone good health} ................................. 153
Lesson 12. My Day
[Talking about your typical day and your plans for today;
asking other people about the routine of their day, their plans
for a given day] ................................................................................. 167
Lesson 13. Free Time. Invitations to Someone's House, to the Theater
Commentary
[How Russians typically spend their free time. Extending and
responding to invitations; politely refusing ifyou are busy;
greeting someone as a host or guest} ............................................... 189
Lesson 14. Hobbies. Interests
[Talking about your hobbies, interests; answering questions
about your favorite writers, actors, athletes; asking these questions
of others} ........................................................................................... 204
Lesson 15. Holidays. Congratulations
Commentary
[Russian holidays, holiday traditions. Congratulating your friends
and colleagues on the holidays; extending your best wishes to
friends, colleagues; responding to expressions of congratulations] ...... 219
Lesson 16. Going to Someone's House
Commentary
[Russian customs ofinvitingfriends to visit; gift-giving traditions;
being a guest in Russian homes. As a guest: presenting a gift;
compliments to your host; giving toasts. As a host: greeting
your guests; phrases to say at the table; saying farewell} ................ 235
A Short Introduction to Russian Phonetics .............................................. 258
A Short Introduction to Russian Grammar ............................................. 261
Grammar Tables ......................................................................................... 277
Key to the Exercises .................................................................................... 290