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DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI ............................................................................................ ii


DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................... iv
DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................... v

I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang .......................................................................... 1
1.2 Perumusan Masalah .................................................................. 4
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ...................................................................... 4
1.4 Hipotesis ................................................................................... 5
1.5 Ruang Lingkup ......................................................................... 5

II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


2.1 Selulosa Batang Pisang ............................................................. 6
2.2 Karboksimetil Selulosa ............................................................. 7
2.2.1 Sifat dan Apllikasi CMC ………………………………. 8
2.2.2 Proses Isolasi Selulosa …………………………………. 10
2.2.3 Sintesis Carboxymethyl Cellulose CMC ………………. 11
2.3 Karakterisasi Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) ....................... 13
2.3.1 Derajat substitusi (DS)............................................... 13
2.3.2 Viskositas .................................................................. 14
2.3.3 Uji pH ……………………………………………… 14

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2.3.4 Kadar Air …………………………………………... 15
2.3.5 Penentuan Kemurnian CMC ...................................... 15
2.4 Penelitian Terdahulu ………………………………………… 15
III. METODOLOGI PENELITIAN
3.1 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian................................................... 17
3.2 Bahan Penelitian ...................................................................... 17
3.3 Alat Penelitian ………………………………………………. 18
3.4 Prosedur Penelitian ................................................................... 19
3.4.1 Persiapan Bahan Baku .............................................. 19
3.4.2 Tahap Delignifikasi ................................................. 19
3.4.3 Proses Sintesis Karboksimetil Selulosa .................... 20
3.5 3.5 Rancangan Percobaan ......................................................... 22
3.6 Karakterisasi Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) ...................... 23
3.6.1 Penentuan Derajat Substitusi .................................... 23
3.6.2 Penentuan Kemurnian CMC ...................................... 24
3.6.3 Penentuan Kadar NaCl …………………………….. 24
3.6.4 Penentuan Kadar Natrium Glikolat ………………... 25
3.6.5 Pengukuran Viskositas 2% ........................................ 25
3.6.6 Uji pH ………………………………………………. 26
Daftar Pustaka

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel
2.1 Parameter karboksimetil selulosa berdasarkan FAO ……………………… 8

2.2 Nilai dan Aplikasi Carboxymethyl Cellulose (CMC) …………...………… 9

2.3 Jenis dan polaritas pelarut organic ………………………………………… 12

3.1 Rancangan Percobaan Sintesis Karboksimetil Selulosa …………………… 22

3.2 Rancangan Percobaan Sintesis Karboksimetil Selulosa …………………… 23

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Gambar

3.1 Diagram Alir Sintesis Food Grade Carboxymethyl Cellulose dari Selulosa
Batang Pohon Pisang ……………………………………………………...…… 21