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Herbarium

Denise de Kort, TA2A

Index
1. European larch
2. Dandelion
3. Herb Robert
4. Common Broom
5. Creeping thistle
6. Daisy
7. European smoke tree
8. Mock orange
9. Yellow Iris
10. Indian pokeweed
11. Sources

1. English name: European larch


Dutch name: Europese lork
Latin name: Larix decidua
From: Scotland, The Trossachs National Park. Crown
Surrounding: This conifer tree was surrounded by a lake and the ground was dry, but
grass was still growing there. Also you could find a lot of stones.
Where does this tree grow? You can find the European larch over almost Branch
whole Europe. In mountain ranges as the Alps and in Scandinavia, but also in
the UK and the Netherlands. This tree does not have many needs, it prefers to grow
close to water.
How did I find the name? I found the name on Plantifier. Trunk
Other uses: The resin is used to heal wounds. It also works for a better blood flow.
Larch oil is used for in aromatherapy for colds, flu, nervousness and anxiety. It also
helps as alleviation to depressions.
The European larch stands for bravery and audacity.

Flower
leaves

Twig

Seeds

2. English name: Dandelion


Dutch name: Paardenbloem
Latin name: Taraxacum officinale
From: The Netherlands, Veldhoven.
Surrounding: Next to a road near a forest in the verge. On the other side of the
road was a meadow. The ground was wet and grass grew there. Also the
dandelion got a lot of sunlight. It stood together with others.
Where does this flower grow? The dandelion comes originally from Greece. But
this flower is now found over whole Eurasia and even in North
America. This flower has not so many needs, that is why this specie is Stem
spread all over the world.
How did I find the name? I already knew this was a dandelion, so prior
knowledge.
Other uses: Dandelions are classified as a herb and as weed. The dandelion has
a lot of effective uses for our health. This flower this a rich source of vitamin A, C
and K. The roots contain inulin and fructose, this helps colon heath and the grow
of good bacteria. Also dandelions help for a better immune system for kids.

seeds Seed head


Flower
Petals

Leaves

Sepal

Stamen
Stigma &
pistil

3. English name: Herb Robert


Dutch name: Robertskruid
Latin name: Geranium robertanium
From: The Netherlands, Vessem.
Surrounding: This flower I found on the side of a forest in the shadow. The flower
was surrounded by other species. The Herb Robert was close to a tree.
Where does this flower grow? This flower comes originally from Europe. The only
thing a Herb Robert needs is shadow, so that is why this flower spread. Now you
can find Herb Robert in North America, North Africa and parts of Asia. This flower
can grow from very deep valleys to huge mountains.
How did I find the name? I found the name of this flower on Plantifier.
Other uses: The Herb Robert is used for toothache and nosebleeds, also to stop
diarrhoea. Mostly this is used to heal wounds. Modern research found out that the
leaves can lower the blood sugar level. Freshly picked leaves are rubber on the
body to repel mosquitoes. The oil of the plant is used for good luck.

bud
Branch
flower

petal

Stigma &
pistil
Stem

leaves
4. English name: Common broom
Dutch name: Brem
Latin name: Cytisus scoparius
From: Belgium, Turnhout.
Surrounding: The plant was surrounded by grass
and dry spots of sand. The common Broom I
found in a forest where a lot of dogs walk around.
It stood in the sun.
Where does this flower grow? The common
Broom is originally from Europe. This
stem flower is findable in countries with low
altitudes and on dry soil with a lot of
sun. The common Broom has also spread all over
the world. You can now find it in countries like: India, Brazil and New Zealand.
How did I find the name? I found the name of this flower on Plantifier.
Other uses: Brooms are used to stop depressions and regulate heartbeats. It is
now also used after labours, because the Broom causes that the muscles of the
uterus contract, this prevents blood loss. The broom is in some countries declared
as a weed. Even though the green tops of this flower are very poisonous. The
buds of the Broom are used to decorate salads. The branches of this plant are
used to make baskets and brushes.

branch
bud
flower

leaves

Stem Petal

Stigma
&pistil
5. English name: Creeping thistle
Dutch name: Akkerdistel
Latin name: Cirsium arvense
From: The Netherlands, Eindhoven.
Surrounding: This thistle was close to a lake and the
flower was surrounded by high grass. The welted thistle
was surrounded by lots of daisies. The ground was wet
and was as slippery as mud. It stood in the sun.
Where does this flower grow? The welted thistle grows stem
all over Europe and Asia, but not in every country. They
grow in Mongolia but not in Japan. Now the flower has
also spread to North America and New Zealand. Thistles
grow on waste-ground grasslands
How did I find the name? I found the name on Plantifier.
Other uses: The seeds of this thistle are used to make oil. All thistles are edible, they
are a source of: fibre, protein, phosphorus, magnesium, copper and zinc. The milk of
a thistle can be used to lower the blood sugar and cholesterol of a diabetes patient.
This flower can also be used as a spicery in tea. Thistles have approximately the
same use as a nettle.

sepal

flower
leaves

petal
branch
bud
6. English name: Daisy
Dutch name: Margriet
Latin name: Bellis perennis
From: The Netherlands, Eindhoven.
Surrounding: This flower was near a lake. The
Daisies were surrounded by high grass and
thistles. The ground was like mud. They stood in
the sun.
Where does this flower grow? Daisies are native stem
to Europe and Asia. The daisy is now also a wild
flower in the United States of America. Daisies
are now findable everywhere on Earth except of
Antarctica. Daisies need a certain amount of
sunlight, that is why in cooler countries daisies
need as much sun as possible.
How did I find the name? My grandma taught me this name when I was little. So this
is prior knowledge.
Other uses: The leaves of a daisy are edible, they are mostly used as decoration for
salads. This flower can also be used as weed. They also help slowing down
bleedings, ease coughs and ease an aching back.

Daisies represent purity and innocence.

flower
stem

petal

Stigma & pistil


leaves

7. English name: European smoke tree


Dutch name: Pruikenboom
crown Latin name: Cotinus coggygria
From: France, Valance
Surrounding: This tree was inside a park. The soil
was dry and the smoke tree stood in the sun. the tree
was surrounded by grass.
Where does this tree grow? The European smoke
tree is also known as the Eurasian smoke tree. This
tree is native to the south of Europe, central Asia and
the Himalayas and northern China. But the tree has branch
now has spread to North America. The European Trunk
smoke tree grows best in the sun and in a soil with a
high pH rate.
How did I find the name? I found the name of this tree on Plantifier.
Other uses: The yellow wood is used to excrete bile from the body. From the leaves
and flowers is oil made. The leaves and the bark are a good source of tannins. The
wood is used to make photo frames. The twigs are used to make baskets.

flower

seeds
leaves

twig
8. English name: Mock orange
Dutch name: Boerenjasmijn
Latin name: Philadelphus coronarius
From: The Netherlands, Veldhoven.
Surrounding: This plant stood near trees, into the
shadow. On the floor was high and death grass. The
soil was not wet, but also not very dry.
Where does this plant grow? The Mock orange is native
to North America. This flower prefers colder climates.
The flower has spread to the rest of the northern
hemisphere where colder climates occur. Even though
the mock orange prefers colder climates, it needs a lot
of sunlight. The mock orange has the same spread
area as the deutzia and is compared a lot to the deutzia.
How did I find the name: I found the name of this plant on Plantifier.
Other uses: The leaves are used to clean with. Of you crush the leaves you can
clean clothes and yourself with this. This cleaner does not remove oils. The leaves
can also be used as a duster and wood polish.

branch
flower

bud

leaves
Stigma &
pistil bud
petal
9. English name: Yellow iris
Dutch name: Gele lis
Latin name: Iris Pseudacorus
From: The Netherlands, Eindhoven.
Surrounding: This flower was attached to a bridge
next to a lake. It grew from the side of the river up
onto the bridge, so the Iris could get more sunlight.
Where does this flower grow? This flower needs a
wet soil to grow, like swamps or clay. The yellow Iris
is native to Europe, western Asia and northern
Africa. Nowadays the yellow Iris is found all over the
world near wet soil and in the sunlight.
How did I find the name? I found the name of this
flower on Plantifier.
Other uses: The yellow Iris is poisonous. The fruit contains furfural, this leads to
nausea and inflammation of the eyes and throat. Indians used Irises to heal alligator
bites. In modern uses the iris is used to cure among other things bad blood. The
leaves were used to make fishing nets, baskets and bedding.

flower

Fruit

sepal
petal

stem
leave
10. English
name: Indian
Pokeweed
Dutch name: Oosterse karmozijnbes
Latin name: Phytolacca acinosa
From: The Netherlands, Veldhoven.
Surrounding: This Indian Pokeweed was in the park. It stood in the shadow and the
soil was not dry, the ground was a bit wet. The plant was totally surrounded by ivy.
Where does this plant grow? This flower is originally from East Asia and China. The
flower has been transported to Europe and is now a native flower to Europe. The
Indian Pokeweed need a moisty soil. The flower prefers to grow in places with
shadow.
How did I find the name? I found the name of this flower Plantifier.
Other uses: The juice of the berries was used as a pigment, also as ink to write with.
The root of the Indian Pokeweed was used to heal rheumatism and the root juice was
used as a to heal the skin. It also remedies certain infections. The root is also a
remedy to painful bones and joint.

flower
Branch
Leave

stem

bud

Sources:
 http://groen-natuurlijk.nl/lariks-europese-larix-decidua/
 https://www.google.nl/search?
q=parts+of+a+tree&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjA5Pnns
ufaAhXR_KQKHdzhBDcQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=637#imgrc=_
 https://www.vertalen.nu/
 https://www.natureword.com/tag/places-where-dandelion-grows/
 https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-706/dandelion
 https://www.google.nl/search?
biw=1366&bih=637&tbm=isch&sa=1&ei=UuvqWrf9JoGysAfSkZ-
oBQ&q=parts+of+a+plant&oq=parts+of+a+plant&gs_l=psy-
ab.3..0j0i30k1l9.405081.405081.0.405325.1.1.0.0.0.0.99.99.1.1.0....0...1
c.1.64.psy-ab..0.1.98....0.e7f_Yy7r0ds#imgrc=cjnuUG1K6KAYgM
 http://www.ediblewildfood.com/herb-
robert.aspx
 Plantifier

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geranium_robertianum
 https://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Cytisus+scoparius
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cytisus_scoparius#Distribution_and_habita
t
 https://www.rhs.org.uk/Plants/5254/Cytisus-scoparius/Details
 http://www.treesplease.co.uk/product/cytisus-scoparius-common-
broom/
 http://www.albatrees.co.uk/?products=cytisus-scoparius
 http://www.floravannederland.nl/planten/kruldistel
 http://www.stemderbomen.nl/pages/artikelen/art_pruikenboom.htm
 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/gardening/8481965/Top-10-facts-about-
daisies.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotinus_coggygria
 https://www.mijntuin.org/plants/1056-boerenjasmijn-algemeen
 https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?
LatinName=Philadelphus+x+virginalis
 https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-220/pokeweed