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# 4.

cotθ=tan(90∘−θ)
Plane Trigonometry
5. secθ=csc(90∘−θ)
The Six Trigonometric Functions
6. cscθ=sec(90∘−θ)
1. sinθ=a/c

2. cosθ=b/c
Fundamental Identities
3. tanθ=a/b
1. sinθ=1cscθ
4. cscθ=c/a
2. cosθ=1secθ
5. secθ=c/b
3. tanθ=1cotθ=sinθcosθ
6. cotθ=b/a
4. cotθ=1tanθ=cosθsinθ

5. secθ=1cosθ

6. cscθ=1sinθ

Pythagorean Theorem

a2+b2=c2

## Complementary Identities Pythagorean Relations

1. sinθ=cos(90∘−θ) 1. sin2θ+cos2θ=1

2. cosθ=sin(90∘−θ) 2. tan2θ+1=sec2θ

3. tanθ=cot(90∘−θ) 3. 1+cot2θ=csc2θ
1. sin1/2θ=√(1−cosθ2)

## Sum of Two Angles 2. cos1/2θ=√(1+cosθ2)

1. sin(A+B)=sinAcosB+cosAsinB 3. tan1/2θ=1−cosθsinθ=sinθ1+cosθ=√(1−cosθ1+cosθ)

2. cos(A+B)=cosAcosB−sinAsinB

## 3. tan(A+B)=tanA+tanB1−tanAtanB Powers of Functions

1. sin2θ=1/2(1−cos2θ)

## Difference of Two Angles 2. cos2θ=1/2(1+cos2θ)

1. sin(A−B)=sinAcosB−cosAsinB 3. tan2θ=1−cos2θ1+cos2θ

2. cos(A−B)=cosAcosB+sinAsinB

## 3. tan(A−B)=tanA−tanB1+tanAtanB Product of Functions

1. sinAcosB=1/2[sin(A+B)+sin(A−B)]

## Double Angle Formulas 2. sinAsinB=1/2[cos(A−B)−cos(A+B)]

1. sin2θ=2sinθcosθ 3. cosAcosB=1/2[cos(A+B)+cos(A−B)]

2. cos2θ=cos2θ−sin2θ

## 2b. cos2θ=2cos2θ−1 1. sinA+sinB=2sin12(A+B)cos12(A−B)

3. tan2θ=2tanθ1−tan2θ 2. cosA+cosB=2cos12(A+B)cos12(A−B)

3. tanA+tanB=sin(A+B)cosAcosB

## Half Angle Formulas

Difference of Functions 3. c2=a2+b2−2abcosC

1. sinA−sinB=2sin12(A−B)cos12(A+B)

## 2. cosA−cosB=−2sin12(A+B)sin12(A−B) Law of Tangents

3. tanA−tanB=sin(A−B)cosAcosB 1. a−ba+b=tan1/2(A−B)tan1/2(A+B)

2. b−cb+c=tan1/2(B−C)tan1/2(B+C)

## Sine Law 3. c−ac+a=tan1/2(C−A)tan1/2(C+A)

a/sinA=b/sinB=c/sinC

Mollweide's Equations

1. a+bc=cos1/2(A−B)sin12C

2. a−bc=sin1/2(A−B)cos12C

Cosine Law

1. a2=b2+c2−2bccosA

2. b2=a2+c2−2accosB