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PREPARED BY

ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Defining open space in residential subdivision


1 PD 1296

A key house agency that assist private developers to undertake low and middle income mass housing
2 production Home Ins. & Guarantee Corp. (HIGC)

3 The value of extra work or change in construction plans by the owner Actual Cost + 10%(profit,overhead & tax)

Refers to the most reasonable price of land and shelter based on the needs and financial capability of
4 “program beneficiaries and appropriate financial schemes” (RA 7279). Affordable Cost

5 Architectural programming is one of the architect’s services that falls under Pre design

In a PERT CPM. ____________is a starting node to two or more activities


6 Burst node

When the owner hires an Architect of a firm to coordinate the whole range of Comprehensive Architectural
7 Services, it shall constitute? Project Management

Which article is NOT included in the Building Contract?


8 Cost Records

He is a registered & licensed architect, who is academically and professionally qualified, & with exceptional
9 or recognized expertise or specialization in any branch of architecture; Consulting Architect

10 BA full time construction inspector hired by owner assisting in the supervision of the work Project representative

After ___________ substantial completion of contract work, the architect shall inspect the project & issue
11 certificate of completion after certification, the contractor will finish outstanding work during period of making 98%
good of all known defect of 60 days

In methods of compensation, if the Architect as Project Manager performs regular architectural services for
12 the same project, he is compensated separately for these services as stipulated in what SPP Documents? SPP Doc. 202

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Within how many months shall be the release of Retention from date of Final Payment?
13 3 months

Condominium & Subdivision, Bridges Protective Law.


14 PD 957

This services giver full meaning to what the professional calls comprehensive Architectural Service. It wraps-
15 up the whole range of architectural services. Post Construction Services

The approved form of security furnished by the Contractor as a guarantee of good faith on the part of the
16 Performance Bond
contractor to execute the work in accordance with terms of the Contract

BP 220: The parking requirement for multi-family dwelling is


17 1 slot/ family dwelling

PD 957: In Design Standards for Residential Condominium Projects, offsite parking is allowed but must
18 NOT be more how may meters away from the building it serves? 100 meters

Under PD 1096 the executive officer of OBO appointed by the secretary to enforce the provision of the code
19 City Engineer
in the field as well as the enforcement or orders and decisions made pursuant thereto

Contract Documents shall be the property of the


20 Architect

It is instructions that supplement or modify drawings, specs, & general conditions of the contract.
21 Special Provisions

The _________ shall submit ________ copies of shop drawings for the architect’s approval
22 Contractor / 2

23 are set of requirements for an itemized or generalized construction work, materials, methods, or systems. Specifications

shows the general requirements without consideration of a specific type or brand for materials. Open specs
24 Open Specifications
may be subject to reasonable changes and equivalencies.

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

– establishes the exact and specific quantity, types, color, texture, and other properties. Such can not be
25 Closed Specifications
changed or subjected to equivalencies without prior concent from the specs writter or the architect

specifies the manufacturers and producers or the brands of materials and products be used for each
26 Brand Name Specifications
specific work.

27 Combines two or more techniques. Combination Specifications

Division 01 — General Requirements


Division 02 — Site Construction
Division 03 — Concrete
Division 04 — Masonry
Division 05 — Metals
Division 06 — Wood and Plastics
Division 07 — Thermal and Moisture Protection
Division 08 — Doors and Windows Division of Master Format Specifications
28
Division 09 — Finishes (1995 - Nov 2004)
Division 10 — Specialties
Division11 — Equipment
Division 12 — Furnishings
Division 13 — Special Construction
Division 14 — Conveying Systems
Division 15 — Mechanical
Division 16 — Electrical

an organization that maintains and advances the standardization of construction language as pertains to
building specifications.provides structured guidelines for specification writing in their Project Resource
29 CSI - Construction Specification Institute
Manual, formerly called the Manual of Practice (MOP).

The most widely used standard for organising specifications and other written information for commercial
and institutional building projects. It provides a master list of divisions, and section numbers and titles within
30 Master Format Specifications
each division, to be followed in organizing information about a facility’s construction requirements and
associated activities

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER
Classes
A – wood, cloth, paper, rubber and plastics
B – flammable liquid and gases
31 Classes of Fire
C – fire involving energized electrical equipment
D – involving combustible metals (such as magnesium, sodium, potassium)

32 not normally filled with water (water is introduced by fire service connection when needed) Dry Standpipe

33 air compartment or chamber to which ducts are connected Plenum

34 – neutralize or remove a fire hazard Abatement

35 it is normally open, closes automatically to prevent passage of fire or smoke Damper

36 the lowest temperature at which the material will give sufficient vapor to ignite when exposed to flame Flash Point

37 an electrical conductor used to bypass a safety device Jumper

38 stairway enclosure so designed that products of combustion is prevented from moving in Smokeproof Tower

39 not allowed as a form of escape Fire escape ladders

signed on docs. that one has not prepared or supervised


paid illegal amount in the application
Grounds for suspension and revocation of
40 impersonation
license
aided an illegal practice

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

develop levels of standards and technical requirements for economic and socialized housing projects
for socialized and economic housing
housing units that are affordable to average and low-income earner (30% of the gross family income)
41 BP 220
it is a law that relaxes the provisions of the NBC for the purpose of making the dwelling units more
affordable without compromising health, safety and enviromental protection

42 Sale of Subd Lots / Condo buyers protection PD 957

43 defining open space PD 1216

44 Condominium act RA 4726

comprehensive and continuing urban development and housing program, establish the mechanism for its
implementation, and for other purposes
a. Uplift the conditions of the underprivileged and homeless citizens in urban areas and in resettlement R.A. 7279 - Urban Development and Housing
45 areas by making available to them decent housing at affordable cost, basic services, and employment Act
opportunities;
b. Provide for the rational use and development of urban land in order to bring about the following:

Environmental Impact Statement


prepare, file and include in every action, project or undertaking which significantly affects the quality of the
environment a detailed statement on:
the environmental impact of the proposed action,
any adverse environmental effect which cannot be avoided should the proposal be implemented;
P.D. 1151 - Philippine Environmental Policy
46 alternative to the proposed action;
a determination that the short-term uses of the resources of the environment are consistent with the
maintenance and enhancement of the long-term productivity of the same
whenever a proposal involves the use of depletable or nonrenewable resources, a finding must be made
that such use and commitment are warranted.

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

47 Philippine Environmental Code PD 1152

a book containing all contract and non-contract documents for a construction project except the drawings
Organization of the Project Manual
bidding requirements
48 parts of the contract (agreement and bond forms) Project Manual
general and supplementary conditions of the contract
technical specifications

invitation, prequalification forms, instruction to bidders, information to bidders, bid forms Bidding Requirements
49

bid security, subcontractor list, substitutions supplements to bid forms


50

agreement (owner-contractor), performance bond, labor and materials payment bond, certificates of
contract forms
51 insurance

general conditions general and supplementary conditions


52

(also called “closed”), specifies brand names, product,


53 proprietary specification – the most restrictive Prescriptive Specification
“approved equal” language,

(also called “open”), specifies results that are to be achieved but gives the contractor the choice on how it
will be achieved; used in public projects in order to promote competition
54 descriptive – like a “recipe” to be followed, quantities and qualities of ingredients Performance Secification
reference standard – reference to ASTM, AISC, NBC

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

complete, accurate and unambiguous


up to date references (standards)
do not specify the results and at the same time the method (this may conflict)
use standards than can be measured
55 Writing Specifications
avoid exculpatory clauses (broad way of shifting responsibility)
avoid “and/or”, etc.,
keep it short

56 one general contractor single prime contract

major portions are contracted separately (e.g. mechanical, electrical), specialty contractors favor this but
57 multiple prime contract
make coordination difficult

used for fast track construction, some work can proceed as soon as its drawings and specs are available,
58 many prime contracts
other will have to wait, this overlaps the design process

graphic presentation of work to be done


59 Drawings

written and verbal description of work


60 Specifications

changes in the work, time, protection of persons and property, insurance and bonds, correction of work,
General Conditions
61 termination or suspension of the contract

compensation, description of work, date of commencement, completion, liquidated damages, payment


62 Agreement

changes before contract execution


63 addenda

changes after contract execution


64 Modifications

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Architect reviews processes, shop drawings, submittals, observes construction making sure it is consistent
with the contract, evaluates contractor accomplishment and request for payments and administers the
65 Construction Administration
project closeout procedure

66 illustrations showing how the contractor proposes to supply and install the required work, very detailed shop drawings

67 physical example of the portion of work, they become standards of appearances and workmanship Sample

68 brochure, charts, instructions Product data

authorizing the variation from the original that involves changes in cost and/or time. Architect prepares it, the
69 Change Orders
owner issues it to the contractor. All must approve this.

when the building is made ready for occupancy


70 Project Closeout

71 when the building can be used, it is also the termination of the contractors schedule Substantial Completion

72 – a result of architect’s inspection, identifies the work to be completed or corrected punchlist

Housing and Urban Development


73 formulates policies and objectives as well as over-all strategies for housinc
Coordinating Council (HUDCC)

formerly Human Settlements Regulatory Commission; to foster growth and renewal of urban and rural Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board
74
communities, optimum land-use, adequate shelter and environmental protection (HLURB)

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Home Development Mutual Fund (Pag-ibig


75 provident savings fund for housing
Fund)

National Home Mortgage and Finance


76 generate continuous source of funds for housing through secondary mortgage market system
Corporation (NHMFC)

77 undertake housing development and resettlement National Housing Authority (NHA)

78 develop, standardize, and mass produce housing materials National Housing Corporation (NHC)

1902 - Academia de Arquitectura y Agrimensura de Filipinas; 1st President Guillermo Gardiner


National Assembly 1921 - 1st Engineers and Architects Law Act No. 2985 (master buildings were registered
as architects)
1933 - Philippine Architects Society (adopted a code of ethics and standardized fees)
1945 Sept. 2 - PAS became PIAP the became Philippine Institute of Architects (PIA)
79 History of Archl. Organization in Phils.
1950 - League of Philippine Architects, RA 545 was enacted
1958 - Association of Philippine Government Architects
1973 - creation of PRC; APGA, LPA and PIA negotiated
1974 - approval of the constitution and by-laws by the 3 organizations
1975 - United Architects of the Philippines

9/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

responsibilities toward the public


constructive civic service
preservation of heritage
architects responsibilities in relation to
uphold interest of its professional organization
80 people
abide by the code of ethical conduct
refrain from paid advertisements of self-laudatory, misleading publicity
refrain from taking part in paid advertisement

introduce oneself by sample (no free design)


ascertain nature and scope of project, define charges
honest advocate (even that would mean loss of project)
explain character of estimate
architects responsibilities in relation to
consider needs and stipulation of the client
81 Client
charge the client
not undertake fixed contract sum
not accept payment from other source
refrain from business that would discredit oneself

make contractor understand the contract (avoid mistakes)


architect’s error should not be absorbed by the contractor
architects responsibilities in relation to
promptly act on non-conformance of the contractor
82 Contractor
not accept free engineering services or other “freebies” that would make him obligated
promptly act on request for payments

no “freebies” architects responsibilities in relation to


83 avoid commissions, discounts, gifts that places one under reciprocal frame agents, dealers

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

no free architect’s services except small civic and charitable projects


not knowingly compete with other architects on basis of fee
not seek commission on a project when another architect is currently negotiating
not be part of a competition where there is conflict of interest
not invade or conquer another architect’s project
notify original designers when undertaking renovation works architects responsibilities in relation to
84 not maliciously talk about another architect colleagues & subordinates
protect ones name from being used maliciously
sign only on plans one has prepared
treat well employees and subordinates
share technical information and experience
serve ones professional association

feasibility studies (viability), financing, programming (problem seeking), site selection or analysis, site
85 studies, space studies, promotional services (marketing) Pre-Design

schematic design, design development, contract document, construction


86 Design

interior design, landscape, physical planning (site planning), comprehensive planning (starts with data base
Specialized Allied
87 gathering end culminates with master development plan)

implements construction Design-Build


88 hires workers, negotiate with contractors, authorize payment of accounts by administration

involves the use of a revolving fund


savings and excesses are shared with conditions
50/50 split on savings Design Build by guaranteed maximum cost
89
50/50 split on excess up to 110% of the guaranteed cost
architect pays for the excess beyond 110% of the guaranteed cost.

full-time supervision (quality control, evaluation of contractor’s work, record keeping)


construction management (coordination and supervision, cost and time control, quality control and record
90 Construction Services
keeping)

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER
building and equipment maintenance (trouble free use)
building and grounds administration (billing, security, operations)
91 Post Construction Services
post construction evaluation (have the goals been achieved)

all in one Comprehensive Architectural Services


92

Stipulated sum (fixed fee, lump sum))


cost plus fee = actual expense plus reasonable fee for profit
multiple of direct personnel expense = salaries are determined then multiplied by a factor, this is increased
by a multiplier for overhead and profit
93 Compensation Method
percentage of construction cost
unit cost method = based on definable unit (housing unit, square meter, room)
per diem plus reimbursable expense

94 revised RA 6541 PD 1096

BO issue permit within ______ from the date of payment


95 15 days

fill-up a form
lot ownership / possessory right (TCT, sale, lease, contract)
96 drawings, specifications and estimates Bldg. permit Requirements
lot plan

permit becomes null and void if:


construction does not commence within _______
97 one year / 120 days
suspended/ abandoned for ________

no building can be occupied without such certificate


no change in occupancy allowed Certificate of Occupancy
98
issued within 30 days after final inspection

12/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Type I - wood construction


Type II - wood with protective fire-resistance and one-hour fire resistive throughout
99 Type III - masonry and wood construction, and one-hour fire resistive throughout Types of Construction
Type IV - steel, iron, concrete, masonry
Type V - fire resistive

time in hours a material or assembly can be expected to withstand exposure to fire without collapsing,
100 develop any openings which permit the passage of flame or hot gases, or exceeding specified temperature
fire resistance rating
on the side away from the fire

Category I - residential
Category II - commercial and industrial
101 Category III - educational, social and institutional Classification of Buildings by Use
Category IV - agricultural
Category V - ancillary

102 classified to belong to the most restrictive requirement mixed occupancy

103 size of room relative to window size (____ of floor area and not less than 1 m2; ___ for toilets but not less 10% & 5 %
than 0.24 m2)

ceiling heights (min):


104 (artificially ventilated)
2.7m, 2.4m and 2.1m

105 2.7m ceiling height if naturally ventilated

106 1.8m Ceiling height mezzanine

min. sizes and dimension of rooms


107 6 m2 (least side 2m)
human habitation

13/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

108 Kitchen 3m2 (least side 1.5m)

109 bath/ toilet 1.2 m2 (least side 0.9m)

110 installation in place erection

111 increasing height or area addition

112 changes in materials, partitioning, size of openings, structural parts, utilities without increasing area alteration

113 physical change to increase value, utility, aesthetics renovation

114 Change in use Conversion

115 remedial work on damaged portion, restore repair

116 transfer of building or part moving

117 systematic dismantling demolition

118 secondary building ancillary

119 permit not required (shed, outhouse, detached from building) minor const.

120 of the intervals or spaces into which the building front is divided by columns, buttresses or division walls bay or panel

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

121 the remaining space in a lot after deducting the required minimum open space buildable area

122 area which is equal to the total capacity of the building it serves (0.28sm per person) dispersal area

123 area between bottom of window sill and the ground socalo

124 underside of a beam, lintel soffit

125 an opening through two or more floors that is closed on the top Atrium

refers to fire assembly, sucha as door, that normally remains in the open position but that closes when
126 automatic closing
subjected to increase in temperature of 165 deg F. or on actuation of a smoke detector.

three parts: exit access (leads to the exit), the exit (between exit access to the discharge, must be fully
127 enclosed and protected, 1 – 2 hour rating) and the exit discharge (outside the building). These must lead to egress system
public way.

128 no part of may ignite or burn when subjected to fire non combustible

door latching assembly using an unlatching device that has an activating portion t hat extends across at
129 panic hardware
least ½ of the the width of the door

an evaluation of all the costs of the elements of a specific project


can be prepared in various phases of the architect’s regular design services
area method
130 detailed Estimates
architects cannot give guarantee since they are not the ones who will execute the work, they do not have
control over the prices

131 sum of all cost, inherent in converting a design plan into a project ready for operation Construction Cost

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER
the cost of installed equipment, materials and labor directly involved in the physical construction of the
permanent facility
directly based on building plans and specifications
132 Direct Cost
elevator belongs to the direct cost
crane does not

all cost which do not become a final part of the installation, but which is required for the orderly completion
133 InDirect Cost
of the installation (field administration, direct insurance, taxes)

134 under the general contractor, to provide a portion of the work Subcontract

135 inherent in the performing on operation which cannot be charged to or identified with a part of the work Overhead

specific provision for unforeseeable elements of cost within the defined project scope; events that will
increase the cost and will likely occur; expected to be spent
misinterpretations
errors (oversights, take-off, pricing)
136 insufficient information (site, weather, access, peace and order) Contingencies
labor and material (productivity and availability)
not RISKs related factors (uncertainties: excessive escalation, excessive changes in conditions, abnormal
weather)

the provision in actual or estimated cost for an increase in the cost of equipment, material, labor, etc. over
137 Escalation
those specified in the contract due to continuing price level changes over time.

earnings from an on-going business after direct cost of goods sold have been deducted from sales of
138 Gross Profit
revenues

139 earnings after all operating expenses have been deducted from net operating revenues Net Profit

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

estimated by quantities and pricing


140 Materials

by labor productivity charts (8man-hours/1 cu.m)


141 as a percentage of the cost of materials Labor

acquisition, depreciation, rental,


142 Equipment

143 10 to 20% of the sum of the cost of labor, materials and equipment Overhead

144 usually 5 - 20% of the cost of the job (takes about 15 - 40 percent of the construction cost) Profit

145 indicates the start and end point of activities but does not show sequence and dependencies bar chart

graphically depicts all the tasks required to finish the project, the sequence in which they must occur,
146 critical path method (cpm)
duration, earliest or latest possible starting time, and the earliest and latest possible finishing time

** 5 days – means immediately


** 7 days – NTP ‘ notice to proceed’
** 10 days – request for materials and drawings
– notice (stop, begin or resume)
** 15 days – money matters (request for inspection, payments, salary and wages)
** 30 days – arbitration
** 90 days – government stoppage
147 ** 120 days – Building Permit (stoppage) Notes
** 365 days – Building Permit (without construction)
– 3 consecutive board examination failures
– guaranteed bond
– reinstatement
** 3 years – renewal of license
** 15 years – liability of architect to his project

17/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

148 15 % of contract amount Performance Bond

15% of Contract amount


149 Payment Bond
- valid until replacement of Guarantee Bond

30% of contract amount


150 - valid up to 1 yr from date of acceptance Guarantee Bond

151 completion of work, the contractor should present certificate of non financial obligation After 65%

substantial completion of contract work, the architect shall inspect the project & issue certificate of
152 completion after certification, the contractor will finish outstanding work during period of making good of all After 98%
known defects of 60 days.

Doc 201 Pre- design Services

Doc 202 Design services

Doc 203 Specialized Allied Services

Doc 204 Construction Services

153 Doc 205 Post- Construction Services SPP Documents

Doc 206 Comprehensive Architectural Services


Doc 207 Design- Build Services

Doc 208 Selection of Architects & Methods of Compensation

Doc 209 Competition Code


Doc. 210 - Logbook of Diversified Experioence

18/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Simple 6%
Moderate 7%
Exceptional 8%
Residential 10%
Monumental MBF + 50%
154 Repetitive 80%, 60%, 40% Architects Fee
Housing 60%, 30%
Extensive Detailing 15%
Alteration and Renovation 150%
Consultation P200

PD 1185 Fire Code


PD 1096 Building Code
PD 957 Condominium & Subdivision, Bridges Protective Law
PD 23 Law that Created the PRC
PD 49 Intellectual Property Law
155 Laws in Architecture
RA 545 The Architects Law

BP 344 The Law Enhancing the Mobility of Disabled


BP 220 The Socialized Housing Law

19/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

1. Performance Specifications
- the result of the product, rather than the product itself are specified
2. Descriptive Specifications
- gives a description of the product
3. Brand Name Specification
- the desired product is specified by the name given and model number
“or an equal approved by the architect”
4. Closed Specification
-there are two types of closed specifications, the single product and the multi product. Closed specifications
are usually brand name specifications. The multi product is the same as a single product except that more
156 Types of Specification
than one product is used. “no other brand will be accepted”
5. Open Specifications
- open because all manufacturers whose product meet performance or description specified may bid. All
performance and descriptive specifications are open. Brand name specifications are open if the phrase “or
equal”
6. Reference Specification
- the item desired is referred to by a number corresponding to a number published in a specification.
7. Combination Specification
-it is possible to have combinations of performance, description and reference specification.

1. M-achines
2. M-oney
3. M-anpower
157 5 M’s of Construction
4. M-aterial
5. M-inutes

1. R-eference – Horizontal, Vertical


2. E-xcavation – min. depth .60m until stable – w/ signature of the Architect, must have a permit
3. R-ebars
158 Important Milestones of Construction
4. C-oncreting
5. F-inishes – Mock up (samples)

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

1. Proposal Fee – 5%
2. Schematic Design – 15%
3. Design Dev’t - 15%
159 Architects Fee for RDS
4. Contract Docs - 50%
5. Retention - 15% = Liability 10%, Supervision 5%

1. Proposal Fee – 5%
2. Prelim Drawings - 25%
160 3. Final Drawings - 50% Architects Fee for SAS
4. Retention - 20% = 3 months after the acceptance of the Architect

1. G-eneral Conditions – Execution, Intent – satisfaction to finish the proj., Correlation


2. A-greement
3. S-pecifications
161 Architectural Contract Documents
4. S-pecial Provisions
5. D-rawings

UAP – degree of difficulty/complexity of design


FCP – risk of occurrence of Fire
162 PROJECT CLASSIFICATION
NCP – use and occupancy

1. DBA Design-Build Services by Administration - 7% of Proj. Const. Cost

Proj. Const. Cost. in addition to Architects fee for Regular Design Services (UAP 202) 10% (if residential
proj.) + 7% = 17%

163 2. DBGMC Design Build by Guaranteed Maximum Cost Design Build Services Fee

a. Lump Sum
b. If the cost is exceeded by not more than 10% it is divided = bet. Architect and Client. However if the
excess is more than 10% the Architect pays for all extra cost of the 10%

164 pays for the Building Permit (cannot be reimbursed, not included in Estimates) Contractor

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PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

validity 120 days, valid 12 months if constructed has not commenced; exception government structure;
165 Building Permit
excepted if P15,000 proj. cost

166 affectivity of a Construction contract from receipt of Notice of Final Payment 7 Days

is a "promise" or an "agreement" made of a set of promises. Breach of this contract is recognized by the law
167 Contract
and legal remedies can be provided.

168 limits what things can be taken into account when trying to interpret a contract. parol evidence rule

is the legal process by which an arbiter or judge reviews evidence and argumentation including legal
reasoning set forth by opposing parties or litigants to come to a decision which determines rights and
169 Adjudication
obligations between the parties involved.

There must be an express or implied agreement. The essential requirement is that there be evidence that
170 the parties had each from an objective perspective engaged in conduct manifesting their assent, and a Mutual agreement
contract will be formed when the parties have met such a requirement.

171 is an agreement in which each of the parties to the contract makes a promise or promises to the other party. Bilateral Contract,

172 only one party to the contract makes a promise. Unilateral Contract

173 is one in which the terms are expressed verbally, either orally or in writing Expressed Contract

174 is one in which some of the terms are not expressed in words. Implied Contract

is one in which the circumstances imply that parties have reached an agreement even though they have not
175 Implied in fact or implied in law
done so expressly.

22/42
PREPARED BY
ALEXANDER SANDRES

PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

A contract which is implied in law because it is not in fact a contract; rather, it is a means for the courts to
176 remedy situations in which one party would be unjustly enriched were he or she is not required to Quasi-Contract
compensate the other.

If no reasonable person hearing this statement would take it seriously, it is a puff, and no action in contract
177 Puff statement (sales talk):
is available if the statement proves to be wrong

A representation is a statement of fact made to induce another person to enter into a contract and which
does induce them to enter into a contract, but it is one that the maker of the statement does not guarantee
178 Representation statement
its truth. If the statement proves to be incorrect, it cannot be enforced, as it is not a term of the contract, but
it may prove to be a misrepresentation, whereupon other remedies are available.

A ___ is similar to a representation, but the truth of the statement is guaranteed by the person who made
179 Term Statement
the statement. The test is an objective test.

180 is concerned with knowing the probable total cost of a project. Cost Estimate

is a preliminary estimation technique that aims to establish the quantity of each material for a project, not
181 Quantity Survey
yet considering their cost.

is concerned with the determination of probable cost of labor by logical assumptions of the productivity of
182 Productivity Estimates
the workers

183 is a list of materials needed for a project. It usually presents the probable cost for each item. Bill of Materials

is a review of the plan and design of a project so as to coordinate with the sizes and specifications of
184 Value Engineering
construction materials. It’s aim is to avoid wastage and maximize the use of each material

is an estimate that breaks the subject down into as many items or components possible. Each component
185 Detailed Estimate
are often described with specifications

186 is an estimate that is computed in general and vague. It is often an assumption by area, volume, or bulk. Rough Estimate

23/42
PREPARED BY
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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

187 is an assumption of the totality of an item without consideration of its specific components . Lumpsum

188 The amount to be paid for every delay in the contract time Liquidated Damages

189 The ____ ethically can order a “change” during construction anytime Owner

190 ____ is a right enforceable against specific property to secure payment of an obligation Liens

191 An architect is a person who is ____ & technically qualified to practice architecture Legally

192 The ____ are printed documents stipulating the procedural & administrative aspects of the contract The General Conditions

193 The ____ contains additional information on Contract Documents: Bid Bulletin

The ____ is a list of instructions stipulating the manner on which bids are to be
194 prepared Instructions to Bidders

195 There are two ways of undertaking a Design-Build service, one of which is: By Guaranteed Maximum Cost

Normally, an architect is paid on Percentage of Construction cost method, another method of compensation
196 is: Salary

197 Building Administrators are compensated on a monthly salary basis or: Percentage of Gross monthly Rentals

198 For non-creative architectural services, compensation is by: Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense

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Architects, employed by the government, are not allowed to engage in the ____
199 practice architecture Private

200 PD ____ institutionalized the profession of Environmental Planning PD 1308

____ Mandates government support only to PRC accredited bonafide professional


201 organization. UAP

The ____ shall have the power, upon notice of hearing, to suspend & revoke any
202 certificate of registrations PRC

The _____ pays for the structural, utilities & other tests as may be required for the project.
203 Owner

An act of God such as earthquakes, typhoons, etc. which human prudence cannot foresee or prevent
204 Force Majeure

205 If not clearly specified, a material could be installed: only after the approval by the architect

The duties & responsibilities of the architect with the regards to his motives, conduct & sense of moral
206 values are formulated under the: SPP Doc. 200

Re-examination (for the Board exam) can be allowed ____ times & shall not be
207 allowed to take another exam after one year has elapsed after the last exam: one

208 As Project Manager, the architect is compensated on a percentage basis of: 2%-5% of Project cost

209 The entity who can order changes at any time during construction is the: Architect

210 ____ includes labor, materials, & other equipment necessary to construction Work

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211 ____ shall mean furnish and install Provide

212 The contract time is computed based from the receipt date of the ____ Notice to Proceed

213 PD 223 specifies the function of the Board of Architecture to Supervise & ____. Regulate

214 The retention is released how many months after the date of final payment: 3 months

A stipulation of the use of specific products or processes without provision for


215 substitution is: Close Specifications

The architect shall not render free professional services except for Small Civic &
216 ____ projects Charitable

The ____ shall issue certificates of payment after inspection & acceptance of the
217 project Architect

The ____ is the person, firm or corporation who provides the guarantee for the
218 contractor’s bonds. Surety

219 The contractor is responsible for the ____ of building permit fees. Payment

Within what Period may the Contarctor after giving written notice to owner/architect suspend
220 work/terminated 10 days
contract?

The value of extra work or change in construction plans by the b. Actual direct cost plus 10 percent for
221
owner. profit, overhead and tax

Refers to the most reasonable price of land and shelter based on


222 the needs and financial capability of “program beneficiaries and Affordable cost
appropriate financial schemes” (RA 7279).

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PREPARED BY
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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Architectural programming is one of the architect’s services that


223 Pre Design
falls under:
In a PERT CPM. ____________is a starting node to two or more
224 Burst node
activities

It refers to contracts or arrangements involving the transfer of


225 Technical Transfer
systematic knowledge for the manufacture if a product
It was the first law passed by the national assembly in 1921
226 where the maestros de obra or the master builders are required to Engineers and Architect’s Law Act no. 2986
register as architects?
When the owner hires an Architect of a firm to coordinate the
227 whole range of Comprehensive Architectural Services, it shall Project Management
constitute?
Which article is NOT included in the Building Contract?
a. Time of Completion and Liquidated Damages
228 b. Performance & Payment Bonds Cost Records
c. Cost Records
d. Payments

He is a registered & licensed architect, who is academically and


229 professionally qualified, & with exceptional or recognized expertise Consulting Architect
or specialization in any branch of architecture;

After ___________ substantial completion of contract work, the


architect shall inspect the project & issue certificate of completion
230 98%
after certification, the contractor will finish outstanding work during
period of making good of all known defect of 60 days.

The Architect shall consider the needs and stipulation


of the
Which of the following is NOT the architect’s responsibility in
231 Contractor and the effect of his work upon the life and
relation to the contractor? well-being of
the public and community as a whole

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER
25. In methods of compensation, if the Architect as Project Manager
performs regular architectural services for the same project, he is
232 SPP Doc 202
compensated separately for these services as stipulated in what UAP
Documents?

Guarantee Bond equivalent to 40% of the Contract Price


The Contractor shall submit the following before Final Payment is covering
233 a period of one year after the Final Acceptance of the
to be released except for:
Work.

Within how many months shall be the release of Retention from


234 3 months
date of Final Payment?
This services give full meaning to what the professional calls
235 comprehensive Architectural Service. It wraps-up the whole range of Post-Construction Services
architectural services.
The approved form of security furnished by the Contractor as a
236 guarantee of good faith on the part of the contractor to execute the Performance Bond
work in accordance with terms of the Contract.
The architect of a housing project was give Php 300,000.00 for
237 the first unit he designed. How much will he receive for the tenth Php 480,000.00
housing unit?
Under PD 1096 the executive officer of OBO appointed by the
238 secretary to enforce the provision of the code in the field as well as City Engineer
the enforcement or orders and decisions made pursuant thereto.
Which of the following situation would trigger the owner to
suspend work?
a. Bankruptcy-Declared by BIR
239 b. Insubordination All of the above
c. Non-payment of contactors debt/non superintendence of
contractor
d. All of the above
240 Contract Documents shall be the property of the Architect

It is instructions that supplement or modify drawings, specs, &


241 Special Provisions
general conditions of the contract.

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Boiler Plate is essential to the production of good construction


documents as are the drawings or the specifications. All are included
forms except
242 a. Invitation to Bid Building Permit
b. Wage Scales
c. Bond Form
d. Building Permit
The _________ shall submit ________ copies of shop drawings for
243 Contractor/2
the architect’s approval
A full time construction inspector hired by owner assisting in the
244 Project Representative
supervision of the work.

245 The third phase of an architect's regular services. Contract documents phase

246 Project financing falls under what kind of service of the architect. Pre-design services

247 Comprehensive planning falls under what service of the architect. Specialized allied services

The fee of the architect for design-build services on a guaranteed maximum cost aside from his fee for
248 10%
regular design services.

249 What percentage of an architect's work is liability under the civil code. 10%

For interior design services, the architect shall be paid what percentage of the fee upon submission of the
250 50%
final design.

When the owner fails to implement the plans and documents for construction as prepared by the architect,
251 85%
the architect is entitled to receive what percentage of his fee.

252 The minimum fee per appearance of an architect when rendering service as an expert witness shall be. PHP 500.00

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

253 The minimum basic fee for specialized decorative building. 12%

254 The minimum basic fee for industrial buildings with a project cost below 50 million pesos. 6%

255 The minimum basic fee for hospitals with a project cost below 50 million pesos. 8%

In design-build services, the single-point-responsibility of project delivery puts the legal liability for both the
256 Architect
design and construction on the.

The release of 10% retention by the owner shall be done after how many months from the date of final
257 3 months
payment.

258 Printed documents stipulating the procedural and administrative aspect of the contract. General conditions

259 An outline specification enumerating the type and trade names of materials to be used. Schedule of material and finishes

260 A price given by a contractor, sub-contractor, material supplier or vendor to furnish materials, labor or both. Quotation

261 A statement from the architect confirming the amount of money due the contractor for work accomplished. Certificate of payment

A bond furnished by the contractor and his surety as a guarantee to execute the work in accordance with
262 Performance bond
the terms of the contract.

263 An offer to perform the work prescribed in a contract at a specified cost. Bid

264 The fee of the architect for design-build services by administration. 7%

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

265 A stipulation of the use of specific products or processes without provision for substitution. Closed specification

266 A list of instructions stipulating the manner on which bids are to be prepared. Instruction to bidders

The performance and Payment Bonds shall be released by the owner after the expiration of how many
267 2 months
months from the final acceptance of the work.

268 The Guarantee Bond is released how many months after the date of final payment. 12 months / 1 yr

269 How many days shall the Building Official issue a certificate of occupancy after final inspection of the project. 30 days

A statute specifying the period of time within which legal action must be brought for alleged damage or
270 Statute of Limitation
injury.

271 A bond, the form or content of which is prescribed by statute. Statutory Bond

A rule that certain kinds of contracts are enforceable unless signed and in writing or unless there is a written
272 Statute of Frauds
memorandum of their terms signed by the party to be charged.

A contract transferring the right of possession of buildings, property, etc., for a fixed period of time, usually
273 Lease
for periodical compensation called 'rent'.

274 A tenure by lease; real estate held under a lease. Leasehold

275 The person receiving a possessory interest in buildings, property, etc., by lease. Lessee

276 The person granting a possessory interest in buildings, property, etc., by lease. Lessor

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

277 Range of the multiplier for Multiple of Direct Personnel Expense. 2-2.5

278 This type of compensation is only applied to non-creative work. Multiple of Direct Personnel Expenses

279 Supervision Work is a non-creative work, true or false. TRUE

280 A world-wide used method of compensation for architectural services. Percentage of Construction Cost

This method of compensation is applied only to pre-design services, supervision work, and other works
281 Multiple of Direct Personnel Expenses
which the Architect may perform other than the regular and specialized allied services.

282 This type of compensation is similar to the concept being charged by realtors, developers, and lawyers. Percentage of Construction Cost

For reimbursable expenses, how many kilometers from the Architect's office shall a work be located to allow
283 50 kms.
reimbursable expenses.

This method of compensation is frequently used where there is continuing relationship on a series of
284 Professional Fee Plus Expenses
projects.

285 The full-time construction inspector shall be under the technical control and supervision of the ___. Architect

286 Submission of shop drawings shall be accompanied by a ___ in duplicate. Letter of transmittal

287 How many sets of shop drawings for approval shall the contractor submit to the Architect? 3

288 Who shall have the responsibility of securing, but not liable for non-issuance, of the final occupancy permit. Contractor

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

True or false, can the owner relegate to the contractor the responsibility of establishing the lot lines,
289 TRUE
boundary lines, easements, and benchmarks provided that the owner pays the contractor for such works?

290 Who shall have the responsibility for establishing lot lines, boundary lines, easements, and benchmarks? Owner

Who shall pay for the services of a licensed surveyor for confirmation and certification of the location of
291 column centers, piers, walls, pits, trenches, pipe work, culvert work, utility lines, and other similar works Contractor
required by the contract.

292 Professional Fee for the Architect as a full-time supervisor. 1-1.5%

293 Professional fee for the Construction Manager. 1.5-3%

294 Under PD 1096, what should be the proportion of sidewalk width to that of the road right- of-way? (1/6)

At what interest rate per month should a client pay the architect should the former fail to pay the latter
295 2%
beyond 30 days from receipt of billing?

296 What code holds the architect responsible for the building/structure he designed for a certain period of time. Civil Code

What type of compensation is applied to cases where the architect's personal time is required, such as
297 Per Diem+Reimb. Expenses
conferences, joint venture activities, etc.?

298 What type of bond guarantees payment on all obligations arising from the contract? Payment Bond

What type of compensation is applied to most of Gov't projects and entails more paper works and is
299 Lump Sum / Fixed Fee
advantageous to both client and architect.

300 Professional Fee for the Project Manager. 2-5%

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

If the Project Manager is hired by the owner, who shall have the responsibility of hiring the Construction
301 Project Manager
Manager?

True or false, based on the Civil Code, the Project Manager has no legal responsibility insofar as design
302 TRUE
and construction is concerned.

His primary responsibility is the exercise of overall cost control which relieves the owner of many of the
303 Project Manager
anxieties that usually beset , particularly those concerned with forecasting cost and completion dates.

In the architect's code of ethics, to whom does the architect has responsibility to seek opportunities for
304 Public / People
constructive service in civic and urban affairs?

305 What PD created the PRC which regulates the practice of various professionals. PD 223

Architect XYZ uses paid advertisements without sanction by professional consensus and years of
306 People / Public
experience. His action is unethical with respect to his relation to whom?

307 Additional information on contract documents issued to bidders before date of bidding. Bid Bulletin

The offer of a bidder to perform the work described by the contract documents when made out and
308 Proposal
submitted on the prescribed proposal form, properly signed and sealed.

The cashier's check or surety bond accompanying the proposal submitted by the bidder, as a guarantee
309 that the bidder will enter into a contract with the owner for the construction of the work, if the contract is Proposal Bond
awarded to him.

Instructions which may be issued prior to the bidding to supplement and/or modify drawings, specifications,
310 Special Provisions
and/or general conditions of the contract.

311 Written or printed description of work to be done describing qualities of material and mode of construction. Specifications

Means information, advice or notification pertinent to the project delivered in person or sent by registered
312 mail to the individual, firm or corporation at the last known business address of such individual, firm or Written Notice
corporation.

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

Includes labor or materials or both as equipment, transportation, or other facilities necessary to commence
313 Work
and complete the construction called for in the contract.

314 Means to build-in, mount in position, connect or apply any object specified ready for the intended use. Install

315 Means to purchase and/or fabricate and deliver to jobsite. Furnish

316 Means to furnish and install. Provide

No further retention shall be made on the balance of the contract when how many percent of the contract
317 50%
has been completed?

318 No payment shall be made on contracts in excess of how many percent of the contract price. 65%

319 The guarantee bond is equal to how many percent of the contract price? 30%

How many percent of the architect's fee is payable to the architect upon completion of the preparation of the
320 30%
schematic design phase and up to final design development phase?

321 Standard factor computed for changes and/or revisions made on completed contracts. 2.5

Approximately, how many square meters of office space for the architect is built by the contractor as
322 12 sqm.
temporary facilities for the project.

All trees and other plants that need to be transplanted elsewhere within ___ meters shall be done by the
323 50 / Contractor
___ at his own expense.

324 If there is a variance/discrepancy between the drawings and specifications, what shall be followed? Specifications

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

How many days prior to bidding shall the contractor seek the architect's clarification as to the particular
325 15 Days
areas of work which requires evaluation of the architect?

326 How many days upon written notice can a contractor terminate a contract with a valid reason? 15 Days

Suspension of work for ___ days by order of any court or other public authority through no act or fault of the
327 90 Days
contractor gives the him the right to terminate contract.

True or false, the contractor can terminate contract if the owner should fail to pay the contractor any sum
328 False (30 days)
within 15 days after its award by arbitration

True or false, the contractor can terminate contract if the owner should fail to act upon any request for
329 False (15 days)
payment within 30 days after its certification by the architect.

330 Who declares bankruptcy as a valid reason for the termination of a contract? Contractor

True or false, upon termination of contract and upon the decision of the architect that materials and
331 equipment left by the contractor which do not belong to him can be used and rent of such shall be borne by TRUE
the failing contractor.
True or false, in case of suspension of work, all unpaid work executed including expenses incurred during
332 TRUE
suspension shall be evaluated by the architect and charged to the owner.

True or false, the owner has no right to claim liquidated damages if he takes over the work from the
333 FALSE
contractor for failure to complete the project.

334 How many days prior to canceling an insurance be given to the owner stipulating the intention to cancel? 10 days

335 How many percent of the contract amount is the Performance Bond? 15%

336 How many percent of the contract amount is the Payment Bond? 15%

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

337 A contract provision setting forth the damages a party must pay in the event of his breach. Penalty Clause

Basic Fee for Physical Planning Type 1 or site such as industrial estates, commercial centers, sports
338 5,000 for First 50 Hectares
complex, resorts, etc.

339 Predecessor of PD 1096 R.A. 6451

340 What presidential decree institutionalized the profession of environmental planning? PD 1308

341 It is a right enforceable against specific property to secure payment of an obligation. Liens

342 Minimum basic fee for simple projects. 6%

343 Minimum basic fee for alterations/renovations. 50%

When the architect is engaged to render opinion or advise, clarification or explanation on technical matters
344 200 / hr
pertaining to his profession, the minimum basic fee shall be ___.

345 When rendering service as an expert witness, the architect is compensated ___/ hr. 500

346 Minimum basic fee for Group 5 Projects (monumental). 12%

347 What is Group 6 Project classification? Repetitive Construction

10% of 1st unit / 60% 2nd-10th Unit / 30%


348 Minimum Basic fee for housing projects.
11th and above

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

349 Under what classification of Project does Hospitals and Medical Buildings fall? Group 3 (Exceptional Character)

350 Under what classification of Project does Stadium fall? Group 3 (Exceptional Character)

351 Minimum Per diem paid to the architect if work is beyond 50 kms. From office. PHP 750.00

352 On the remaining 15% work fee of the architect, where does the 5% go. Construction Phase Service

Repairs and corrective works at the expense of the contractor should be done within how many days after
353 5 days
written notice by owner?

Failure on the part of the contractor to remove condemned work shall give the owner right to remove said
354 work at contractor's exepense and contractor shall pay the owner the expenses incurred within how many 10 days
days from removal by the owner of said work?

355 Contract time reckoning shall commence on the ___ from receipt of ___. 7th day / Notice to Proceed

356 An area of a city where municipal buildings are grouped. Civic Center

357 Any article of property not consisting of or affixed to land plus any interest in land that is less than a freehold. Chattel

No person who is not a citizen of the Philippines may take the board exams or practice the profession
358 Reciprocity
unless the country of his relation allows the same ___.

359 AGREEMENT / GENERAL CONDITIONS / SPECIAL PROVISIONS / SPECIFICATIONS / DRAWINGS CONTRACT DOCUMENTS

360 full time construction inspector PROJECT REP.

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

361 offer of the bidder to perform the work PROPOSAL

cashier's check or surety bond with proposal submitted by the bidder that he will enter in the contract with
362 PROPOSAL BOND (5%)
the owner

363 approved form of the contractor and his surety to execute the work PERFORMANCE BOND (15%)

364 approved form of the contractor and his surety to pay all obligations PAYMENT BOND

365 guarantee to the quality of materials and equipment installed GUARANTEE BOND

contract between the owner and the contractor; including all supplemental agreements thereto and all
366 AGREEMENT
general and special provisions

367 invitaton issued to prospective bidders, giving information to the project INVITATION TO BID

368 additional information on contract documents BID BULLETIN

list of instructions stipulating the manner on how bids are to be prepared and conditions for the award of
369 INSTRUCTION TO BIDDERS
contract

370 graphical representation of the work involved in the project DRAWINGS

371 printed materials stipulating the procedural and adminitrative aspects of contract GENERAL CONDITIONS

instruction which may be issued prior to the bidding to supplement and or modify drawings, specifications
372 SPECIAL PROVISIONS
and general conditions

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER
written or printed description of work to be done describing the qualities of materials and mode of
373 construction additional information which may be issued as an additon or ammendment to the provisions of SPECIFICATIONS
specifications

374 outline specification enumerating the type or trade names of materials to be used SCHED. OF MATERIALS AND FINISHES

listing of the different parts of the work indicating in each part the corresponding value in materials and BREAKDOWN OF WORK AND
375
labor; including allowance for profit and overhead CORRESPONDING VALUE

376 information advice or notification pertinent to the project delivered. WRITTEN NOTICE

377 earthquake, flood, typhoon, catalysmic phenomena of nature ACT OF GOD OR FORCE MAJEURE

378 duration of time allowed by the contractor for the completion of the project TIME LIMITS

379 labor or materials or both as well as equipment, transportation or other facilities WORK

380 purchase or fabricate FURNISH

381 build in, mount in position, connect or apply any object specified ready for the intended used INSTALL

382 furnish and install PROVIDE

the cashier's check or bidders bond accompanying the proposal submitted by the bidders as a guaranty that
383 the bidder will enter into a contract with the owner for the works if the contract with the owner for the works if PROPOSAL / BID BOND
the contract is awarded to him.

a bond furnished by the contractor and his surety as a guarantee to the execution of the work in
384 PERFORMANCE BOND
accordance with the terns of the contract

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

385 as a guarantee to the quality for all obligations arising from his contract. PAYMENT BOND

386 for life and property INSURANCES

as a guarantee to the quality of materials and equipment installed and the workmanship performed by the
387 GUARANTEE BOND
contractor.

are graphical presentations of the work involved in the project. They include all supplementary details and
388 DRAWINGS
shop drawings.

are written or printed description of work to be done prescribing qualities of materials and modes of
389 SPECIFICATIONS
construction

is the contract covering the performance of the work described in the contract documents including all
390 supplemental agreements thereto all general and special provisions pertaining to the work materials AGREEMENT
therefore

drawings, diagrams, illustrations, schedules, performance charts and other data prepared by the contractor
391 SHOP DRAWINGS
which illustrates how specific portions of the work shall be fabricated and/or installed.

392 precise drawings AS-BUILT DRAWINGS

393 the binding resolution of disputes by one or more neutral persons as a substitute for judicial proceeding. ARBITRATION

the notice published by the owner & the invitations issued to prospective bidders giving information as to the
394 ADVERTISEMENT OR INVITATION TO BID
nature of the proposed project condition for the issuance of contract documents & date of bidding

395 is additional information on contract documents issued to bidders before date of bidding BID BULLETIN

the list of instructions stipulating the manner on how bids are to be prepared and conditions for the award of
396 INSTRUCTION TO BIDDERS
contract

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PROFL.PRACTICE REVIEWER

397 are instructions which maybe issued to supplement draeings & general conditions of the contract SPECIAL PROVISION

398 a contract provision setting forth the damagesa party must pay in the eventof a breach of the contract PENALTY CLAUSE

399 the offer of a bidder to kperform the work describbed by the contractc PROPOSAL

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