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It's a simple and generous rule of life that whatever you practice, you will improve at.

Orthographic Projection of Points 5. End A of a line AB is 15 mm above H.P. and 20 mm in front of V.P. The
1. Mark the projections of the following points on a common reference other end is 50 mm above H.P. and 65 mm in front of V.P. The distance
line. between the end projectors is 50 mm. Draw the projection and find the
 Point P, 50 mm behind the VP and 15 mm above the HP. true inclination and true length by rotating plane method.
 Point Q, 40 mm below the HP and in the VP. 6. The distance between the end projectors passing through the end point
 Point R, 40 mm in front of the VP and 30 mm above the HP. is 50 mm. The end A is 20 mm above H.P. and 15 mm in front of V.P. The
 Point S, 30 mm in front of the VP and 50 mm below the HP. end B is 45 mm in front of V.P. The line AB is 65 mm long in the front
 Point T, 35 mm behind the VP and 20 mm below the HP. view. Draw the projections. Find the true inclinations and locate the
2. From the figure below, determine the position of the Points with traces
reference to the projection planes. 7. Front view of a line AB is 500 inclined to XY line and measures 55 mm
long while its top view is 600 inclined to XY line. If end A is 10 mm above
HP and 15 mm in front of VP, draw its projections, find its true length
and inclinations of the line with HP and VP.
8. The mid-point M of a line AB is 60 mm above HP and 50 mm in front of
VP. The line measures 80 mm long and inclined at an angle of 300 to HP
and 450 to VP. Draw its projections.
9. A magician performs the trick of a floating stick. As seen by a person
sitting right in front, as per the orthographic projection rules, the stick
Orthographic Projection of Straight Lines has its ends 0.2 and 0.6 m above the floor and appears to be inclined at
1. One end P of a line PQ 70 mm long is 35 mm in front of V.P. and 25 mm 300 to the floor. The same two ends are found to be 0.1 m and 0.7 m
above H.P. the line is inclined at 400 to the H.P. and 300 to the V.P. Draw respectively in front of the screen arranged behind the stick. Adopting a
the projections of PQ and find its vertical & Horizontal trace suitable scale, draw the projections of the stick. Also, find the true
2. A straight line 70 mm long has one end 15 mm in front of V.P. and 50 length of the stick and its true angles of inclinations with the floor and
mm above H.P. while the other end is 35 mm in front of V.P. and 20 mm the vertical screen.
above HP. Draw the plan and elevation of the line. Determine its traces 10. A line PQ is inclined at 350 to VP has its ends 25mm and 55mm above the
(V.T, H.T HP. The length of the front view is 60 mm and its VT is 15mm above HP.
3. A line AB 70 mm long has its end B 25 mm above H.P. and 30 mm in Determine the true length of PQ, its inclination with HP and its HT.
front of V.P. The end A is 55 mm above H.P and 55 mm in front of V.P. Assignment 1: Orthographic Projection of Straight Lines
Draw its projections and finds its inclinations with V.P. and H.P. L1. A line AB 75 mm long has one of its ends 60 mm in front of VP and 20
4. A line AB 60 mm long has its end A 30 mm above H.P. and 25 mm in mm above HP, the other end is 20 mm in front of VP and is above HP.
front of V.P. The top view and front view has a length of 40 mm and 55 The top view of the line is 55 mm long. Draw the front view.
mm respectively. Draw its projections.
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L2. A line measuring 80 mm long has one of its ends 60 mm above HP and 5. A pentagon of side 30 mm rests on the ground on one of the corners
20 mm in front of VP. The other end is 15 mm above HP and in front of with sides containing the corner being equally inclined to the ground.
VP. The front view of the line is 60 mm long. Draw the top view. The side opposite to the corner on which it rests is inclined at 300 to VP
L3. A line AB has its end A 15 mm above HP and 20 mm in front of VP. The and is parallel to HP. The surface of the pentagon makes 500 with the
end B is 60 mm above HP and the line is inclined at 300 to HP. The ground. Draw the projections of the pentagon.
distance between the end projectors of the line is 55 mm. Draw the 6. A semicircular lamina of 60 mm diameter has its straight edge in VP and
projections and find its inclinations with VP. Determine its V.T & H.T inclined at an angle of 450 to HP. The surface of the lamina makes an
L4. The top view of a 75mm long line AB measures 65mm, while the length angle of 300 with VP. Draw the projections.
of its front view is 50mm. It’s one end A is in the HP and 122mm in front 7. A circular lamina of 50 mm diameter rests above HP on a point P on its
of the V.P. Draw the projections of AB and determine its inclinations circumference. If its plane is inclined at 450 to HP and the top view of the
with the H.P. and the V.P. diameter PQ makes an angle of 500 with VP, draw the projections of the
L5. The projections of a line measure 80 mm in the top view and 70 mm in lamina.
the front view. The mid-point of the line is 45 mm in front of VP and 35 8. A circular lamina of diameter 70 mm has the end A of the diameter AB
mm above HP. One end is 10 mm in front of VP and nearer to it. Draw on HP and B on VP. Draw its projections when its surface is inclined at
the projections. Find true length and true inclinations with reference 500 to HP and 400 to VP.
planes. Assignment 2: Orthographic Projection of Planes
Orthographic Projection of Planes / Sheet / Lamina / Plate P6. A square ABCD of 40 mm side has its plane inclined at 300 to the V.P. It’s
1. A square lamina of 50 mm side rests on one of the corners on the H.P. one side is inclined at 600 to the H.P. and parallel to the V.P. Draw its
The diagonal through that corner makes 300 to the V.P. The side projections.
containing this corner makes equal inclinations with H.P. The surface of P7. A rhombus of diagonals 25mm and 15mm with longer diagonal being
the lamina makes 450 to the H.P. Draw it’s projections. parallel to XY-line represents the top view of a square of diagonal 25mm,
2. A hexagonal plate of size 25 mm rests on HP on one of the sides inclined with a corner on H.P. Draw its front view of the lamina when the edge
at 450 to VP. The surface of the plate makes an angle of 300 with HP. about which is tilted, is inclined at 450 to V.P
Draw the front view and top view of the plate. P8. thin 300 – 600 set-square has its longest edge in V.P. and inclined at 300
3. A thin rectangular plate of sides 60 mm x 30 mm has its shorter side in to H.P. Its surface makes 450 with V.P. Draw its projections.
VP and inclined at 300 to HP. Project its top view when its front view is a P9. A hexagonal plate of 25 mm side is resting on H.P. such that one of its
square of 30 mm long sides. corners touches both H.P. and V.P. It makes 300 with H.P. and 600 with
4. A hexagonal lamina of 20 mm side rests on one of its corners on the HP. V.P. Draw the projections by change of position method.
The diagonal passing through this corner is inclined at 450 to the HP. The P10. A circular lamina of 60 mm diameter rests on H.P. on a point 1 on the
lamina is then rotated through 900 such that the top view of this circumference. The lamina is inclined to H.P. such that the top view of it
diagonal is perpendicular to the VP and the surface is still inclined at 450 is an ellipse of minor axis 35 mm. The top view of the diameter through
to the HP.

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the point 1 makes an angle of 450 with V.P. (i) Draw the projections. (ii) 10. A cone of diameter 40mm and height 60mm is freely suspended from
Determine the angle made by the lamina with H.P. one of its base points such that the axis is parallel to VP. Draw the
Orthographic Projection of Solids projection.
1. A hexagonal prism of base side 25 mm and axis height 55 mm resting on 11. A tetrahedron of edges 35 mm rests on one of its edges on the HP. The
HP with one of its base edges, such that, the axis is inclined at 300 to HP resting edge is perpendicular to VP and one of the triangular faces
and parallel to VP. Draw the projections of the prism. containing the resting edge is inclined at 350 to HP. Draw the projections
2. A pentagonal prism of base side 25 mm and height 55 mm is resting on of the tetrahedron.
HP with one of its base edges, such that the lateral surface containing 12. A tetrahedron of side 45 mm is resting on an edge on the HP such that
the edge is inclined at 500 to HP and perpendicular to VP. Draw the the face containing that edge is seen as a triangle of base 45 mm and
projections. altitude 25 mm in top view (TV). The axis of the tetrahedron is parallel to
3. A right pentagonal pyramid of side 20 mm and altitude 50 mm rests on the VP. Draw the projections of the tetrahedron.
one of its edges of the base in the HP. The base being tilted up such that Assignment 3: Orthographic Projection of Solids
the apex is 30 mm above HP. Draw the projection of the pyramid when S1. Draw the top front views of a right circular cylinder of base 45mm
the edge on which it is resting is perpendicular to VP diameter and 60mm long when it line on HP, such that its axis is inclined
4. A cylinder of diameter 35 mm and axis height 55 mm is resting on the at 30° to HP and the axis appears to parallel to the VP in the top view
ground on its base. It is then tilted such that a solid diagonal is vertical. S2. Draw the projections of a pentagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and
Draw its projections. axis height 60 mm with a slant edge perpendicular to HP and VP.
5. A cone of diameter 35 mm and height 55 mm is lying on the ground with S3. A cone of base diameter 35 mm and axis length 55 mm is resting on HP
a point of base on HP. The generator line passing through that point on a point on circumference of the base. Draw the projections when the
makes an angle of 450 with HP and parallel to VP. Draw its projections. base is perpendicular to both HP and VP.
6. Draw the projections of a pentagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and S4. A pyramid has rectangular base of size 70 mm x 40 mm and height 85
axis height 60 mm with a triangular face perpendicular to HP and VP. mm. Its longer edge of base is perpendicular to HP. The axis of pyramid
7. A hexagonal prism of base side 30mm and axis length 60mm rests on the is inclined at 250 to the solid assuming the apex nearer to the observer.
HP on one of the base corners with the base edges containing it being S5. Draw the projections of a cube of side 30mm when it rests on one of its
equally inclined to HP. The axis is inclined at 45° to the HP and parallel to corners with diagonal of the solid vertical
VP. Draw the projections of the prism S6. A tetrahedron of edges 30 mm rests on one of its edges on the VP. That
8. A cone of diameter 35mm, height 55mm is lying on the ground with one edge is normal to the HP. One of the faces containing the resting edge is
of its generators parallel to VP and on the HP. Draw its projection. inclined at 30° to the VP. Draw the projections of the tetrahedron
9. A pentagonal prism of base side 25 mm and axis length 55 mm is resting S7. A Hexagonal prism, side of base 25 mm and axis 50mm long is freely
on HP on one of its rectangular faces with the axis inclined at 450 to VP. suspended from one of its base corners, such that the axis is parallel to
Draw its projections. VP. Draw the front view and top view of the solid in the above position.
Section of Solids

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1. A cube of side 35 mm is placed on HP on a face, with two of the vertical VP. The section plane meets the axis at 16 mm from one of its ends.
faces equally inclined to VP. It is cut by a plane inclined at 540 to the HP Draw the top view, sectional front view and true shape of the section.
and bisecting the axis. Draw the sectional top view and find the true 8. A tetrahedron of side 60mm is resting on HP on one of its faces. It is cut
shape. by a plane perpendicular to the VP, so that the true shape of the cut
2. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and altitude 50 mm rests on section is a triangle of base 40mm and altitude 30mm. Locate the plane
its base on HP with one of the base edges perpendicular to the VP. It is and determine the angle of inclination of the VT with the reference line
cut by a plane inclined at 450 to the base. The cutting plane meets the XY. Draw the sectional top view and true shape of the section.
axis at 20 mm above the base. Draw the front view, sectional top view Truncated Solids [UNIT 3 - Projection of Solids]
and true shape of the section. 1. A pentagonal prism of base side 30mm and axis length 60mm is resting
3. A cylinder of base diameter 35 mm and height 55 mm rests on its base on HP on one of its base edge. It is cut by a section plane inclined at 40°
on HP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP and inclined at 450 to HP. to HP and perpendicular to VP and passing through a point 25mm from
The cutting plane meets the axis at a distance of 15 mm from the top the top face of the prism. Draw the projection of the truncated solid
base. Draw the sectional plan and true shape of the section. when the lateral face of the prism is inclined to 30° to HP.
4. A cone of base diameter 35 mm and altitude 55 mm is resting on HP on 2. Draw the projections of a hexagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and
its base. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP and parallel to a contour axis height 55 mm resting on HP with one of its base edges. It is cut by a
generator and is 10 mm away from it. Draw the front view and sectional plane inclined at 45° to the base and bisects the axis. The axis of the
top view and true shape of the section. solid is inclined at 300 to HP and parallel to VP.
5. A hexagonal prism of base side 25 mm and height 50 mm rests on the HP 3. Draw the projection of a cylinder of base diameter 45mm and height
on one of its ends with two rectangular faces parallel to the VP. It is cut 65mm lies on its base on HP. It is cut by a plane inclined at 30° to HP and
by a plane perpendicular to the HP and inclined at 500 to the VP. It is cut meeting the axis at a distance of 30mm from the base. The axis of the
by a plane perpendicular to HP and inclined at 500 to VP at a distance of cylinder is further inclined to 30° to HP.
10 mm away from the axis. Draw the top view, sectional front view and Development of Surface
true shape of the section. 1. Draw the development of a cube of side 20 mm.
6. A right circular cone of base diameter 40 mm and axis length 50 mm 2. Draw the development of a pentagonal prism of side 25 mm and height
rests on its base on HP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the HP and 60mm.
inclined at 550 to the VP. The shortest distance between the cutting 3. Draw the development of a cylinder of base diameter 25 mm and height
plane and the top view of the axis is 10 mm. Draw the top view, 30 mm.
sectional front view and true shape of the section. 4. Draw the development of a square pyramid of base side 30 mm and
7. A pentagonal prism of base side 40 mm and axis length 80 mm is lying height 45 mm.
on the HP on one of its rectangular faces with the axis parallel to both 5. Draw the development of a cone of base diameter 50 mm and height 60
HP and VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to HP and inclined at 300 to mm.

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6. Draw the development of a cube of side 40 mm resting on its face with Assignment 4: Sectioned Solids and Development of Surfaces
all the edges equally inclined to VP, which is cut by a plane inclined at SD1. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and altitude 60 mm rests on
300 to HP and perpendicular to VP and passing through the cube at the the HP on one of its base with an edge parallel to the VP at a distance of
top left corner of the cube. 8 mm form the axis. Draw the top view, sectional front view and true
7. A square pyramid of base side 30 mm and height 50 mm rests on its shape of the section.
base on HP, with a base edge parallel to VP. It is cut by a plane SD2. A hexagonal prism of base side 25 mm and altitude 55 mm rests on its
perpendicular to VP, 500 to HP meeting the axis 30 mm above HP. Draw base on HP with two edges of the base parallel to VP. A cutting plane
the development of the lateral surfaces. parallel to the HP cuts the prism at a height of 25 mm above the base.
8. A lamp shade is formed by cutting a cone of base diameter 144 mm and Draw the front view and the sectional top view.
height 174 mm by a horizontal plane at a distance of 72 mm from the SD3. A cone of base diameter 40 mm and altitude 50 mm rests on its base on
apex and another plane inclined at 30 to HP, passing through one of the HP. It is cut by a section plane perpendicular to both HP and VP, 10 mm
extremities of the base. Draw the development of the shade. Draw the to the right of the axis. Draw the top view, front view and sectional side
development of the shade. Adopt a suitable scale. view.
9. A pentagonal prism of base side 30 mm and height 60 mm is cut by a SD4. A cube of side 30 mm rests on its base on the HP with a vertical face
plane perpendicular to VP and 500 to HP and passing through the axis 35 inclined to VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at
mm above the base. Draw the development of the lower portion of the 500 to HP. The plane bisects the axis of the cube. Draw the development
solid. of the surfaces of the right portion of the cut cube.
10. A cylinder of diameter 40 mm, height 75 mm is cut by plane SD5. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 30 mm and height 50 mm rests on its
perpendicular to VP inclined at 550 to HP meeting the axis at the top base on HP, with a base edge parallel to VP. It is cut by a plane
face. Draw the lateral development of the solid. perpendicular to VP, 500 to HP meeting the axis 30 mm above HP. Draw
the development of the lateral surfaces.
11. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and axis height 60 mm is lying Isometric Projection
on the ground on its base such that one of the base edges is parallel to 1. Draw the isometric view of a frustum of a cone of base diameter 50mm,
and far away from VP. It is cut by cutting planes, one is perpendicular to top diameter 30mm which is resting on its base on HP with its axis
VP, inclined at an angle of 400 to HP and meeting the axis at 14 mm from perpendicular to HP.
the base. The other plane is parallel to HP and perpendicular to VP 2. A hexagonal prism of base side 25mm and axis height 50mm rests on HP
meeting the axis at a distance of 28 mm from the base. Draw the lateral on its base with a base edge parallel to VP. It is cut by a plane inclined at
surface development of the cut solid. 50° to HP and perpendicular to VP and is bisecting the axis. Draw the
12. A cone of 45 mm diameter and 60mm height is cut by a horizontal plane isometric view of truncated prism.
at a distance of 15 mm from the apex and another plane inclined at 300 3. A cylinder of 50 mm diameter and 75 mm height stands with its base on
to HP and meet the axis at 15 mm above the base. Draw the H.P. It is cut by a section plane inclined at 45° to H.P and perpendicular
development of the cone.

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to V.P, passing through a point on the axis 20 mm below the top end. 4. Draw the perspective projection of a pentagonal prism of base side 20
Draw the isometric projection of the truncated cylinder. mm and height 40 mm when it rests on its base on the GP with one of its
4. A pentagonal pyramid of base side 30 mm and axis length 65 mm is rectangular faces parallel to and 20 mm behind the PP. The SP is 45 mm
resting on HP on its base with a side of base perpendicular to VP. It is cut in front of PP and 60mm above GP. The observer is 30 mm to the left of
by a plane inclined at 30° to HP and perpendicular to VP and passing the axis.
through a point ON the axis at a distance of 30 mm from the apex. Draw 5. A regular hexagonal pyramid of base edge 20 mm and height 35 mm
the isometric view of the truncated cylinder. rests on its base on the ground plane with one of its base edges touching
5. A cone of base diameter 50mm and axis height 70 mm rests on HP on its the picture plane. The station point is 30 mm above the ground plane
base. It is cut by a plane inclined at 30° to HP and perpendicular to VP and 40 mm in front of the PP. The central plane is 30 mm to the right of
and bisects the axis. Draw the isometric view of the truncated cone. the axis. Draw the perspective projection of the pyramid.
6. A square pyramid of base of 25mm side and 50mm long axis rests 6. A cylinder of diameter 50 mm and length 60 mm lies on ground with its
centrally over a trapezoidal block of top and bottom bases of 40mm and axis perpendicular to the PP and one of its circular base touching the PP.
60mm sides respectively with the thickness 30mm. Draw the isometric The SP is 45 mm to the right of the axis of the cylinder, 40 mm in front of
projection of the arrangement. the PP and 70mm above GP. Draw the perspective projection of the
Perspective Projection cylinder.
1. A cube of 30 mm edge is resting on a face on the ground such that one Assignment 5: Isometric and Perspective Projections
of its faces is parallel to PP and the center of the solid is 50 mm behind IP1. A cylinder of 35 mm diameter and 55 mm height stands with its base on
the PP. The station point is 40 mm in front of the picture plane, 45 mm H.P. It is cut by a section plane inclined at 55° to H.P and meeting the
above the ground plane and lies in a central plane which is 30 mm to the axis at 15mm from the top end. Draw the isometric projection of the
left of the nearest vertical face of the cube. truncated cylinder.
2. Draw the perspective projection of a cube of 25 mm edge, lying on a IP2. A cone of base diameter 25mm and height 40mm rests centrally over a
face on the ground plane, with an edge touching the picture plane and frustum of a hexagonal pyramid of base side 40mm, top base 30mm and
all vertical faces equally inclined to the picture plane. The station point is 60mm height. Draw the isometric view of the solid
50 mm in front of the picture plane, 35 mm above the ground plane and IP3. A cylinder of diameter 50 mm rests on ground vertically with its axis 5
lies in a central plane which is 10 mm to the left of the center of the mm behind PP. The observer point is 40mm infront of PP, 100 mm
cube. above GP and is 10 mm to the right of the nearest base corner point. a
3. A rectangular prism of base size 25x40x60 mm rests with it’s on the central plane passing through the apex. Draw the perspective projection.
ground such that the longer base edge recedes 30° to the right of PP IP4. A square prism of 55 mm edge of base and 70 mm height is placed on
with one end of it behind PP. The station point is 45mm in front of PP, the ground behind the PP with its axis vertical and one of the edges of
35 mm above GP and lying on a central plane 35 mm from the nearest the base receding to the left at an angle of 40° to the PP. The nearest
vertical edge. Draw the perspective view. vertical edge of the solid is 20 mm behind PP and 25 mm to the left of
the observer who is at a distance of 120 mm in front of PP. The height of

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the observer above the ground is 100 mm. Draw the perspective view of 2. Construct a cycloid having a rolling circle diameter as 50 mm for one
the prism. revolution. Draw a normal and tangent to the curve at a point 35 mm
IP5. A pentagonal pyramid side of base 25 mm a and height 50 mm rests with above the directing line.
one of its corner of the base touching the e picture plane and the base 3. Draw an epicycloids generated by a rolling circle of diameter 40 mm and
edges passing through this corner making equal inclinations with the the diameter of the directing circle is 140 mm. Also draw tangent and
picture plane. The station point is on the central line, 100 mm in front of normal to the curve from any point on it.
the picture plane and 75 mm above the e ground. Draw the perspective 4. Draw a hypocycloid generated by a rolling circle of diameter 50 mm and
view of the pyramid. the diameter of the directing circle is 240 mm. Also draw tangent and
Engineering Curves: Ellipse, Parabola & Hyperbola normal to the curve from any point on it.
1. Draw the locus of a point P moving so that the ratio of its distance from Construction of Involutes
a fixed point F to its distance from a fixed straight line DD’ is ¾. Also 1. Draw the involute of a square of side 30 mm. Also draw tangent and
draw tangent and normal to the curve from any point on it. normal to the curve from any point on it.
2. Construct an ellipse given the distance of the focus from the directrix as 2. A coir is unwound from a drum of 30mm diameter. Draw the locus of the
60 mm and eccentricity as 2/3. Also draw tangent and normal to the free end of the coir for unwinding through an angle of 360°. Draw also a
curve at a point on it 20 mm above the major axis. tangent and normal at any point on the curve.
3. Construct a parabola given the distance of the focus from the directrix as 3. An inelastic string of length 100 mm is wound round a circle of 26 mm
50 mm. Also draw tangent and normal to the curve from any point on it. diameter. Draw the path traced by the end of the string.
4. The focus of a conic is 50 mm from the directrix. Draw the locus of a Free Hand Sketching
point ‘P’ moving in such a way that its distance from the directrix is 1. Make free-hand sketches of front, top and right side views of the
equal to its distance from the focus. Name the curve. Draw a tangent to pictorial view shown in the figure
the curve at a point 60 mm from the directrix.
5. Draw a hyperbola when the distance between the focus and directrix is
40 mm and the eccentricity is 4/3. Draw a tangent and normal at any
point on the hyperbola.
6. Draw a hyperbola when the distance between its focus and directrix is
50 mm and eccentricity is 3/2. Also draw the tangent and normal at a
point 25 mm from the directrix.
Construction of Cycloid
1. A circle of 50 mm diameter rolls along a straight line without slipping.
Draw the curve traced by a point P on the circumference for one
complete revolution. Draw a tangent and normal on it 40 mm from the 2. Draw the orthographic projections of the following component using
base line. free hand.

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3. Make free-hand sketches of front, top and right side views of the
Assignment6: Plane Curves and Free Hand Sketching
pictorial view shown in the figure
CF1. Draw the locus of a point P which moves in n a plane in such a way that
the ratio of its distances from a fixed point F and a fixed straight line AB
is always 2/3. The distance between the fixed point F and fixed straight
line is 50 mm. Also draw a tangent and normal on a point on the locus at
a horizontal distance of 55 mm from the fixed straight line.
CF2. Draw the locus of a point P moving so that the ratio of its distance from
a fixed point F to its distance from a fixed straight line DD’ is 1. Also draw
tangent and normal to the curve from any point on it.
CF3. The vertex of a hyperbola is 30 mm from its directrix and the eccentricity
is 3/2 .Draw the hyperbola and draw the tangent and normal at any
point on the curve.
CF4. Draw the involute of a circle of diameter 40 mm and draw the tangent
and the normal to the involute at a point 95 mm from the centre of the
curve.
CF5. Draw a hypocycloid of a circle of 40 mm diameter which rolls inside
another circle of 200 mm diameter for one revolution.
4. Make free-hand sketches of front, top and right side views of the
CF6. Draw an epicycloid if a circle of 40 mm diameter rolls outside another
pictorial view shown in the figure
circle of 120 mm diameter for one revolution.

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CF7. Draw the orthographic projections of the following component using
free hand.

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